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E OF New York 


January 3, 1900 





UniTersitf of the State of New York 

New York State Library 





University of the State of New York 

Wjtb years ol elecCEou 

1874 Anson Judd Upson T..H.D. D.D. LL.D. 

Chancellor, Glena Falls 

1892 William Cbosweli. Doane D.D. LL.D. 

Vice-Chancellor, Albany 

1873 Maktih I. TowNSEKD M.A. LL.D. - ■- Troy 
1877 Chauncey M. Depew 1L.D. _ _ _ ;New York 

1877 Chakles E. Fitch LL.E. M-A. L.H.D. - Kocliester 

1877 Oeris H. Wakeen D.D. - - - - Syracuse 

1878 Whitelaw Reid LL.D. - - - - New York 
1881 William H._Watson M.A. M.D. - - Utica 
1881 H'eney E. Tuener _ _ _ _ Lowville 
1883 St Clair McKelway LL.D. L.H.D. D.C.L - Brooklyn 
1885 Hamilton Hakeis Ph.D. LL.D. - - Albany 
1885 Daniel Beach Ph.D. LL.D. - - - Watkina 
1888 Caeroll E. Smith LL.D. _ - - Syracuse 
1890 Pliny T. Sexton LL.D. - - - --Palmyra 
1890 T. Guilford Smith M.A. LL.D. C.E. - Buffalo 

1893 Lewis A. Stimson B.A. M.D. - _ - New York 

1894 Sylvester Malone _ _ _ _ Brooklyn 

1895 Albert Vander Veer Ph.D. M.D. - — Albany 
1895 Charles K. Skinnee M.A. LL.D. 

Superintendent of Public Instruction, ex officio 
1897 Chester S. Lord M.A. LL.D. - - - Brookl\-n 
1897 Timothy L. Woodruff M. A. 

Lieutenant-Giovernor, ex officio 
1899 Theodore Koosevelt B.A. LL.D. Governor, ex officio 
1899 John T. McDonouoii LL.B. LL.D. 

Secretary of State, ex officio 


Elected by reirenls 

1888 Melvil Dewey M.A. 


Governor Roosevelt chairman 
Kegents St Olaib MoKblway, Chester S. Lord 


Regent Sexton chairman 
Regents CnARi.zs E. Fitch, Oebis H. Warren 


State of New York 


January 3, 1900 

82d annual report 


To the Legislature of the State of New York 

I have the honor to submit herewith, pursuant to law, as the 
82d annual report of the regents of the TJniveraity on the New 
York state library, the report of the director with appendixes. 




Regents and librarj comniittees.. 
Staff and employees 

G. E. Howell 


Staff uniforms 

Staff meetings and reports 


Publications and printing 

Bibliography bulletin 

Library echool bulletin 


Sale of publicationa 

Exchange diyision 


State publications 


Ezchan^es of N.Y. publications 

Law division 

Manuscript division 



Reference work 

Calendars and indexes 

Sociology division 

Documents index 

Index to comparative laVT and 


Similar work elsewhere 

Medicine division 

Kducation division 

History diviBiou 

New reading room 

Current work 


Capitol library 


Use :. 

Woman's library 

Library for the blind 

Children's library 

Bibliography division 


dlasBified expenditures ' 

Special collections 



Important additions 



Printed cards 

Indexes . 

Publications indexed 



Noise in reading rooms 

Evening use 

Loans to institutions and 

special investigators 



Shelf department 

Preservation — Shelf dep't (cont'd) 

Shelves 57 

Building 53 

Needs 68 

New library building 59 

Improvements made 01 

Fireproof safe 62 

Care of rooms 63 


I 1 Tables 6S 

A Additions 66 

B Bindery 66 

C Cards added to catalogue ... 66 
D Duplieates added; by elaaaes 68 
E Books, aerials and subject 
cards in each of the 160 sub- 
ject divisions 69 

F Summary of books , serials 
and subject cards added; by 

classes 72 

G Monthly loans; by classes... 73 

H Annual loans; by classes. ... 73 
I Bindery account; by size and 

material 74 

L Publications 75 

Printing summary 76 

M Important additions 77 

N Serials 80 

1 Serials added to the sub- 
scription list 80 

3 Serials no longer pub- 
lished 83 

R Appropriations, expenditures 

and balances 83 

S Other than appropriation ac- 
counts 84 

1 Summary 1890 84 

2 Receipts ; by years 84 

T Expenditures analysis 85 

1 By departments 1899 ... 85 

2 By years 86 

3 Books, serials, binding. 

pictures, lanterns and 

lantern slides 87 

XT Average salaries; by years,. 87 

Y Staff changes 88 

1 Summary 88 

2 Vacancies 89 

Z Staff and employees; by de- 
partments 89 

State library 89 

Homo education 95 

Building department 98 

1 2 Lwislation 11 1 

Legislation by states in 1809 
(For contenls see p. 1 ) 

t Bibliography 18 579 

Best books of 1898 (For coa- 
tenta lee p. 670) 

4 Library school 6 20!) 

13th annual report of library 
school 1809 (For contentg 
*ee p. 269) 

r ,, i.LjOOglC 

University of the State of New Yorit 

New York State Library 


To the Regents of the University of the State of New York 

I report as follows for the state library for the year ending 
Sep. 30, 1899. 

For convenience in comparing reports for various years, a reg- 
ular outline is followed and comments are grouped under the 
heads shown in the table o£ contents. Following the custom of 
previous years the report of the library school is bound with the 
state library report because its work is largely done by the library 
staff and is so closely related to the library. A full account of 
the other work of the home education department is given in its 
separate report. Home education statistics are not included in 
the state library report unless specified. 


A summary of staff changes is given in table T, p. 88 followed 
by the annual list of vacancies. For convenience the staff list 
by departments has been transferred to table Z to bring it next the 
index where it can be most easily consulted. 

G. B. Howell. The following is extracted from the regents 
minutes : 

George Rogers Howell, arcblvlst of the New York atate library, died 
suddenly of pneumonia on April 5. Mr Howell wae born In South- 
aniptoD L. I. In 1833. He was graduated from Tale in 1854, from Prince- 
ton tbeolf^cal seminary In 1864, and engaged in mlnlBterial work in 
western New York. In 1872 he entered the service of the New York 
state library, and served that Institution faithfully for 27 years. He 
was author of several historical pamphlets and published a number of 
papers In the transactions of the Albany institute, of which he was sec- 
retary for many years. He wrote also Early history of Southampton L. J., 
telth genealogies, Bi-ecntrtinial history of Albany, written In conjimctioa 



with Jonathan Tenney, and Noalt's Jog hook, a novel. Mr Howell will 
be moch mlsaed by Investigators in genealogy and local hiBtory wbo 
frequent the state library. 

Voted, That a minute be made on. the records and transmitted to bis 
family wltb an expression at sympathy and of the appreciation by the 
regents of his long service. 

Toted, Tbat the duties of the state arcbivlat be assigned to members of 
tlie state library staff wbo have had experience In this department. 

Under this vote C, A. Flagg was made sublibrarian in history 
and A. J. ~F. van Laer sublibrarian of manuscripts. 

Mr Howell's funeral was held in the Second presbyterian 
church, Albany, Friday, April 7, at 10 a. m. The staff, on whicb 
Mr Howell had served for 27 years, occupied seats specially re- 
served, only the few of his associates being absent who were neces- 
sarily on duty at the library. 

Salaries. Table TJ, p. 87 shows the average annual salaries in 
the state library, home education department, bindery and build- 
ing department from 1895 to date. Tor convenience of reference 
and comparison and to simplify bookkeeping and auditing, the 
wages of laborers, porters and binders heretofore paid by the week 
were last year all paid by the month with the usual salary check. 

To guard against embarrassment in cases where weekly pay- 
ments had been relied on for current expenses, I ofEered to ad- 
vance to any of the staff affected, such money as was needed, to 
be repaid at the end of the month. The calls for this accommo- 
dation were so few as to indicate that the new system mil be en- 
tirely satisfactory when once it is understood and fairly in opera- 

Staff uniforms. According to the plan approved for adoption 
during the life of Chancellor Curtis, men and boys on duty in 
the public reading rooms wear a xiniform so that they may he 
readily distinguished from readers or other members of tbe staff. 
At first a dark blue uniform was used, but last year a quaker drab 
was tried. Another practical gain is the adoption of rubber heels 
which add greatly to the quiet of the reading room. As tbe uni- 



form and rnbber heels are used for the convenience of the library, 
it ia considered a proper official expense. 

The uniform has been fo\md a great convenience and has met 
■with general and warm commendation. It is practically a de- 
cided advantage to the ordinary reader to recognize at a glance 
every person on whom he is at full liberty to call. !No one after 
our experience would be willing to go back to the old system 
where people were sometimes embarrassed by asking another 
reader for service and oftener waited needlessly because they did 
not recognize some person near at hand as a library attendant. 

Staff meetings and reports. For the highest efficiency a great 
library is dependent chiefly on its staff. There may be palatial 
tuildings, great collections, wise laws and rules and the library 
yet be a comparative failure unless it has a staff strong both in 
capability of individual members and in harmony and sympathy 
in working together; for a library staff, like a football team, 
will achieve the best results only when it is strong in " team " 
work. While we have been justly proud of the high average of 
our staff, and while we have received the compliment of having a 
larger percentage of our people appointed to better salaries else- 
where than has any other large library, we still hope to increase 
this efficiency and more than maintain our standards. As con- 
tributing to a better understanding and for economy in informing 
the staff of growth, changes needed, improvements and facts either 
needed in official duties or likely to inspire greater interest and 
enthusiasm, we have a system of regular interviews and meetings. 
£ach division head has reserved 15 minutes daily with the di- 
rector, for any work requiring immediate consultation, and has 
also a regular full hour each week, besides any special conferences 
needed. The heads are also called together for joint conference 
■on special matters that may arise, usually about once a month. 
The library school faculty meets the last Thursday of each month 
at 5 p. m. The entire general staff is called together for 15 to 
30 minutes not oftener than once a month, and occasionally has 



a full hour for general discussion of its work. Besides these 
means of communication and constant iospection of the various 
departments by the director and his immediate assistants, each 
person, from yoimgest page to senior librarian, is iirged to feel ihe 
greatest freedom in making in writing any su^estion or criticiBm 
which he thinks will improve the library. Besides these volun- 
tary notes, every person in charge of definite work is requited 
to write a report and every assistant, a letter to the director at 
liie close of each fiscal year, making any suggestiona resulting 
from his last year's experience as a member of the staff. Division 
heads embody their suggestions in their regular yearly reports, 
which are largely used in the annual report on the library. 

Justice to the loyal work of the past year demands more than 
the usual acknowledgment of indebtedness to the staff who, with 
hardly an exception, have shown an interest in their work and a 
loyalty to our high standards worthy of special commendation. 

The finance statistics of the library are given in this report with 
greater detail than ever before. Tables R-S show the appropria- 
ticms, expenditures and balances for the year with other receipts, 
etc. Table T is a careful analysis of expenditures, 1) by de- 
partments for 1899, 2) by years from 1895 to date, 3) by pur- 
chases; i. e. hooks, serials, binding, pictures and lantern slides. 

The latter shows that $20,201.04 was spent for books, $3580.30 
for serials, $5785.59 for binding, $3529.08 for pictures and 
$1996.08 for lantern slides, a total of $35,092.09 for increase and 
permanent improvement of collections. Of this the general li- 
brary including law had $19,879.24; medical library, $861.51 
and home education department, $14,351.34. 

The year marked another distinct step forward in establishing 
$20,000 instead of $15,000 as the minimum for buying books. 
Total cost of salaries remains practically the same as last year. 
When we add one third more books and have a corresponding in- 
crease in use by readers, in loans throughout the state, and in almost 



every department of library work, it is obvious that we can not 
keep the salary roll within the old limit and do creditable work. 
It is significant of the spirit of economy which the library has 
always shown and which has been widely recognized by those fa- 
miliar with such matters, not only that our salaries average lower 
than those received by persons of correaponding ability in other 
state departments, but that the salary average has fallen from 
$1571 to $788.50 during the same decade in which the use of the 
library has increased more than tenfold. 

The home education items in table R show that we began the 
year without a cent in the home education appropriation and 
spent exactly the $50,000 allowed us. We could have spent wisely 
and economically a much larger sum under every single head. 


The annual list of publications of the state library and home 
education department in table L, p. 75, followed by printing sum- 
maries for four years 1896-99 shows 71 books, bulletins and hand- 
books, 68 blank forms (not including stationery) and 46 cir- 
culars, a total of 185 different issues and 253,604 copies printed 
in 1899 against 127 publications and 165,900 copies in 1896. 

In 1897 were issued 211 books, circulars, etc the largest num- 
ber in any one year and in 1898 the largest number of copies, 

Bibli(^aphy bulletin. Since the last report, the library baa 
published the appended list of Best books of 1398 "with notes pre- 
pared by the public libraries division. The special annotator 
of the home education department, Miss M. T. Wheeler, is di- 
rectly responsible for the annotation of this annual list as well 
as for the notes in the traveling library finding lists. 

The bibliographies and reading lists included in this series 
were made more widely useful during the year by the American 
library association publishing section's issue of printed cards 
analyzing the set, thus making a complete card index to the series 
constantly available. Ko greater compliment could be paid the 



bulletins than this recognition of practical value to all libraries 
sufficient to justify printing cards of their contents for distribu- 

Library school bulletin. The 13th annua] report of the library 
seliool issued in December 1S99 and appended to this report sum- 
inarizes the results and condition of the school as follows : 

The school has been carried on by the regents for 10 years. In 
that time it has accomplished more than even its most sanguine 
friends had dared to hope. It has won a well recognized place as 
a professional school and has surpassed the records of all such 
schools in the widespread demand for its students. The table of 
7'20 library positions already filled in 30 different states besides 
three in foreign countries is abundant evidence of the practical 
success of the school in meeting a pressing educational demand. 
Its graduates have in a half dozen centers organized other library 
schools or gi^'en instruction to classes of those unable to attend the 
parent school at Albany, which is limited strictly by available 

The school has this year a stronger faculty and corps of lec- 
turers, a better course of study, larger facilities, more students, 
a larger proportion of graduates from the best colleges and uni- 
versities of the country, a greater proportion of men and in every 
respect is in a more satisfactory condition than ever before, and 
naturally has the respect and confidence of the library world in a 
constantly growing degree. The voice of the doubter is no longer 
heard as to the wisdom of starting what the regents had the cour- 
age to undertake as pioneers when it was an experiment. ' It has 
proved, as was prophesied, as important a step as was the found- 
ing of the first normal schools for training teachers. Without it 
the American library could never have attained its full place as 
the necessary complement of the school in any complete and sat- 
isfactory system of public education. 

Handbooks. Among the traveling library finding lists issued 
by the home education department during the year were a List 
of 25 of the best volumes on education, submitted to several lead- 
ing educators and finally revised by Dr Nicholas Murray But- 
ler of Columbia university; a List of 50 of the best volumes on 
household economics selected by the New York household eco- 



Jiomic association; also an annotated Ending list o£ the ninth trav- 
■eling library for yoiing people. These young people's libraries 
first started in 1895, have been selected with great care and have 
proved very popular and helpful. 

Sale of pablications. Owing to frequent inquiries about terms 
of distribution of publications, on Feb. 21, 1S99 the regents voted: 

That the secretary be authorized to sell any of the University 
publications at half price to any University institution or to any 
teacher or officer of such institntion, and to give such publications 
■cmtright to such depositories as shall be registered as entitled to 
BHch consideration because they agree to preserve and catalogue 
the publications and make them available for public use. Pam- 
phlet editions of the reports giving administrative details and in- 
formation as to the workings of the department may be given 
away, but scientific contributions of the museum staff and other 
vahiable matter printed as appendixes to the reports, and the 
bound volumes containing such matter shall not be for free dis- 
tribution, but shall be sold at a nominal price approximately cov- 
ering cost of paper, presswork and binding. 

An annual' subscription of 50" cents entitles one to ft year's bul- 
letins of either the state librarj' or the home education depart- 
ment. The bibliography bulletin by itself may be had for a 
aubscription of 50 cents a volume unbound, containing about 700 
pages. Volume 1, lacking numbers 1 and 5, which are out of 
print, may still be bad at this price. 

Tor a list of all University publications with prices see latest 
■edition of List of puhlications (Ilandbook 6), 


EBtBbirshed 37 April ISM 
Duplicates. Our available collection of duplicates, apart from 
legislative documents and University publications which are in 
charge of the law librarian, is shelved in rooms 46* and 46* of the 
north stack. No account is made of over 1500 boxes of duplicates 
which hav6 been stored to save space and will never be accessible 
in our present cramped quarters. 



Since tJie transfer of this woi-k from the liome education de- 
partment the hooka already catalogued have been carefully re- 
flrranged and every effort will be made during the fall and winter 
to pnsh the cataloguing to completion, as competent help becomes 

!Both gifts and exchanges are bringing in duplicates in large 
nnrabera, but it is hoped that future accumulations can be shelved 
without resorting to farther storage in boxes. Each bound vol- 
ume or pamphlet as it eomea into the library, by gift or exchange, 
is compared ivith the catalogue and if found to be an exact copy of 
a book already on our shelves is marked with the class number, 
" dup ", date and initials of the assistant, and transferred di- 
rectly to the shelves on the east wall of 46*. There all are 
counted preparatory to being catalogued on our special slips. 
[See report for 1897, p. 38.] 

Under the present arrangement the cataloguing will be done as 
previously in 46*, where the stacks contain the entire catalogued 
collection arranged in class order, with room for considerable 

46^ contains United States government publications, of which 
there are approximately 2S00 bound volumes and many pam- 
phlets; four double 10 tier cases of miscellaneous books and pam- 
phlets, which will be removed to the floor above and catalogued 
as rapidly as possible; and New York state department publica- 
tions, which have just been separated from the miscellaneous col- 
lection and occupy a large section. In the press of work and ffe- 
quent demand for this last sort of material, it has seemed best to 
make it directly available by alphabetic arrangement and thus 
save time and expense of cataloguing. 

While in our present quarters, with so large a part of our du- 
plicates stored in boxes and entirely unavailable, it will not be 
possible to iindertake large operations in duplicate exchanges. 
We hope however during the coming year to have the collection in 
such order that it will be feasible to send circulars to our New 



York libraries, inaugurating under certain limitations the long 
expected clearing house for duplicates. 

At present, though not inviting exchanges, \re are always glad 
to send sections of our slip catalogue of duplicates to any library 
which wishes it. Important additions to the state library are 
constantly being made through the exchanges of such lists with 
libraries in other parts of the country. 

This year Charles A. Flagg has taken charge of this work in 
addition to his duties as sublibrarian in history, and the intelli- 
gence, enthnaiasm and industry already shon-n give us hope that 
this division, greatly needed but hitherto neglected for lack of a 
head, will soon be an important factor in our activities. 

Summary of duplicates recslTad, exchaaged aad distributed and total 

Far deUUad statistics see table n, p. «8. 




MisoellatieoQB duplicates reoeired ] 899 

Legislative docaments and laws 1899 

Oonrt reports 1899 . . . 

1 622 

S 732 



1 416 

le 6i2 

State department publicationB 1899 

CEiveraity publications 1899 


10 993 

Duplicates exchanged and distributed 1899 . 

7 388 

127 66« 

3 6U6 

120 118 

123 723 

state publicationa. For 25 years there has been constant com- 
plaint from the public, and chiefly from librarians most familiar 



with the difficulty, because books printed by the national or state 
governments with wasteful liberality were so often inaccessible 
when wanted for actnal use. After many years labor commit- 
teea of tlie American library association finally succeeded in se- 
curing changes in the federal law removing many of the abuses, 
though distribution is not yet wholly satisfactory. They showed 
clearly that for half the cost the public could be better served. 
Boots sent to individuals by their representatives in congress or 
the legislature were in most cases counted of no value and thrown 
away. Tlie result of this broadcast distribution was insufficient 
copies for permanent deposit in libraries, so that it was a rare ex- 
ception to find a complete set of any publicly printed books, 
though thousands of copies of the missing volume were known 
to have been wasted. The obvious solution of this serious diffi- 
culty was to have the hooks sent immediately on printing from the 
government library to every other library known to value them 
enough to catalogue and preserve permanently for future use. 
When these libraries all have complete sets the need for distribut- 
ing personal copies is almost wholly removed. To most re- 
cipients such books were useless lumber and many threw them 
away, while the more thoughtful sent them unopened to some 
library. The result was that some libraries would have from 
two to 10 copies of one vohime of a set, perhaps none whatever 
of the next volume, and repeated requests to headquarters would 
fail to secure the copies, which were often reported " all distrib- 
uted ". Often libraries were forced to buy these books from sec- 
ond hand dealers, and not infrequently for immediate use when 
a certain volume was needed for reference in a great foreign li- 
brary, ive were compelled to report it as unobtainable, when we 
knew that thousands of copies of that very book paid for by the 
taxpayers had been destroyed. As a result of examining into 
the wastefulness of the present system, the following provision 
was inserted in § 19 of eh. 378, Kew York laws of 1892 : 



To guard against waste or deBtruetion of state publications, aod to pro- 
vide for completion of seta to be permanentl; preserved in American and 
foreign libraries, the regents sball maintain a duplicate department to 
'Which each Btate department, bureau, board or commlesloa shall send 
not less than five copies of each of its publications -when Issued, and after 
completing Its dletrlbutlon, any remaining copies which it no longer re- 
quires. The above, with any other publications not needed iu the state 
library, shall be the duplicate department, and rules for sale, exchange or 
distribution from It shall be flsed bj the regents, who shall use ell such 
receipts from such exchanges or sales for expenses and for increasing 
the Btate library. The state prints shall furnish to this duplicate depart- 
ment immediately after its printing, as many copies of each publication 
printed at state expense as the regents shall certify to be necessary to en- 
able them to supply one copy to each library which shall conform to the 
rules established by the regents as to preservation aud making available 
for public reference and shall be registered by the regents as properly en- 
titled to such publication. In case the officer to whom the edition of any 
publication is to be delivered shall notify the state printers In writing, and 
before printing, that the edition provided will be insufficient for his use 
If the library copies are deducted, there shall be printed as many extra 
copies as be shall require not exceeding the number delivered for 
library use. 

At first the state library tried the plan without provision that 
the state printer shoiild furnish necessary copies and it almost 
entirely failed in efficiency, as the five copies specified by law 
served only for necessary reserves, and libraries asking for books 
could seldom get them. A seeotid careful examination of the 
matter resulted in working out the provision for sending to the 
state library copies enough to supply every other library registered 
as entitled to the publication, Under this the books for which 
the taxpayers pay so large a sum annually have been placed as 
never before where they will be permanently preseirved and where 
they will he in the highest possible degree useful. Objections 
were made that these library copies would in some cases deprive 
the officer in charge of the number he actually needed for his own 
work, and the final sentence was added for his protection. We 
send to the state printer and to the officer in charge of the 
publication notice of the number of copies required for library use. 
We are entitled to these extra copies only when we have filed the 
written notice before printing, as the law requires, so that there 



shall be no excuse for charging extra, composition or other expense 
bejond paper, presswork and binding. Furtliermore, the state 
printer has no authority to present a bill for printing extra copies 
unless he has received' written notice from the officer in charge 
that the copies for library use can not possibly be spared from the 
regular edition. In this way necessary copies for libraries are 
provided in the cheapest possible way and coet of distribution is 
greatly reduced by sending several publications in one package 
instead of as heretofore mailing each copy separately. 

The defect in the present law on public printing is its man- 
datory character. Through inspiration of those interested in 
having the state print the largest possible number of copies to 
increase patronage for paper mills, printers and binders there are 
printed yearly many editions far in excess of any possible use, 
and thousands of copies are carted by the wagonload to the junk 
heap after the heavy bills for their manufacture have been paid. 
If because of some peculiar discussion 5000 copies of a certain 
report may be needed this year and the law is altered for good 
reason to allow it, the provision continues mandatory; and if in 
succeeding years the head of the department knows that 1000 
will be more than enough to supply all legitimate wants, he has 
no power t-o reduce the number, but without his approval or con- 
sent the full 5000 continue to be printed and bound. If the law 
were so altered as to fix a maximum which no authority but the 
legislature could increase, and if the head of each department 
were required to report to the controller, where all bills for print- 
ing are audited, the number of copies [ft-inted in the preceding 
year, the niimber distributed within one month after piiblication, 
the number required to meet other demands through the year, and 
finally the number still on hand, with a certificate of the number 
that in his judgment would be necessary to meet demands for the 
forthcoming volume, a saving would he effected much greater 
than the increase now and then required to supply public libraries 
with the necessary copies. The result would be that the printing 



bills of the fltate would be materially diminished, m&nj depart- 
menta would be freed from the nuisance of having to receive 
thousands of volumes for which the; have no use, and the public 
■would have much better service. 

It would be little trouble for officers to aeud the controller 
these facts, if they are known, and if they are not known they 
«ertainly ought to be to protect against waste. In many- casee^ ~ 
clerks or porters have had carted away tiiouaanda of volumes of 
whidi the head of the department has no knowledge whatever. It 
is a common experience for a man on taking t^ce and making a 
thorough inventory of hia reeources to discover great piles of 
books which his predecessor had foi^tten or never knew existed. 
Each repoi't ought of course to be sent promptly on publication 
to all libraries and exchanges entitled to it, for it has little value 
if delayed. Then there is needed a reserve of copies to be used 
during the year before the next report is printed. Except to com- 
plete files, calls are always for the last printed report As soon 
as a new report is printed the only copies worth preserving are 
enough to make up sets in libraries and offices that require perma- 
nent files of back numbers. For these there will be no call for 
single copies for personal use any more than for a last season's 
railroad timetable. If distribution of state publications were 
syetemized as it would be in any well conducted corporation^ these 
facts of number printed and used- would all be known and it would 
take but a moment to transmit them to the controller. The reason 
for my suggestion is to compel such records to be kept and to 
bring to the surface the cases where books are printed from year 
to year which no one ever wants or ever uses, ao that the edition 
can be kept down to Uie number actually needed. The year we 
printed the report on edible mushrooms the total edition allowed 
us was exhausted at once and demands were received in every mail 
for copies till $5 each was currently offered if a single copy could 
be foimd. During that same week I chanced to learn from a junk 
dealer, who had bought them for the lowest rubbish prices, of the 



sale from the capitol of 30,000 bound volumes for whii'Ji the tax- 
payers had recently paid. Under a law revised aa above sug- 
gested, printers, binders and all concerned would have uiade just 
fls muoh money from the state in manufacturing the muslirooni 
reports for which the people were struggling and offering $5 a 
copy as they did in running their presses on these 30,000 volumes. 
But the unreasonable, mandatory provisions of our printing law 
compelled the manufacture of these tons of matter for which there 
was no demand. 

Another protection should be added to do away witti the evil of 
unbalanced bids, long the curse of contract printing. Honest and 
able officers have repeatedly tried to adjust the rules to secure fair 
results, but with unbalanced bids it seems almost impossible to 
frame any rules which an expert will not find a way to avoid, or 
to prepare a bid in such a form that he will not get from the 
treasury more than the work is worth, though in appearance the 
price charged is veiy low. The needed protection would be given 
if the board whieh awards the contract were required to reject 
any bid above current market rates for first class work. Some 
fear the difficulty of deciding what are current market rates, but 
this is more sophistry than real argument ; for there is always in 
Albany, as in every other city, a well known market price for 
composition, presswork and paper which is the most charged by 
any of the half dozen best known printing houses. Cheap offices 
cut under these rates and may now and then charge an inex- 
perienced patron more, but the great bulk of the printing runs as 
regularly on these rates as does the piice of other commodities 
which are quoted in daily market reports. There is no objection 
to any bid, however low, provided it is not more than made up by 
fictitious prices on other items. Those who have studied over state 
bids and contracts for a series of years know that they are as in- 
tricate as a game of chess and that the keenest minds have worked 
over them for years to put in combinations which in the end will 
result in getting the maximum amount of money out of the 



treasury for a given antount of work. Among other devices, 
special type has been made with face and body in unuaual relation 
so that ordinary type rules would record a larger total measura. 
The difGculty feared in this method of bidding would be ob- 
viated by adoptii^ aa a baaia a schedule of pricee adjusted as 
fairly as possible to Albany current market rates. Any eix- 
perieneed printing bouse could prepare in a week a schedule which 
every one would recognize as justly providing a fair return for 
material and labor for all kinds of printing done for the state. In 
order to secure all this great volume of work without competition, 
many printers would bid for it at a fixed discount from the estab- 
lished scale of prices. All bills would be made out at these prices 
and the work would be given to the printer offering to do the 
whole at the largest discount, perhaps 5^, 10^, 15^ or more off 
from the controller's schedule of current rates. This would 
eliminate absolutely the evils of unbalanced bids, including all in- 
fluences to induce departments to order liberally certain things on 
which there were large profits and to keep their orders down to the 
lowest point on those where the contractor lost It would also 
protect the printer against the reverse danger of large orders 
on which he must lose heavily; for if the printing clerk in any 
state department may be influenced so to vary his orders as to uso 
the form on which the contractor makes largest profit, he might 
also in case of differences with the printer or some of his em- 
ployees insist on ordering something furnished at great loss. A 
good illustration of this was mentioned in a message of Gov. Mor- 
ton. ^4450 was charged for a piece of work for which the same 
firm had recently charged only $85. Technically by law we should 
have been compelled to pay this. We escaped only by putting in 
large orders for parchment diplomas which had been included at 
the same price as tiny blanks so that the state printer would get 
back perhaps one or two cents on the dollar of actual cost. Under 
that particular contract we found a means of protecting ourselves 
and forcing the acceptance of the $85, the full value of the work, 



as payment in full for the bill of $4450 ; but the illustration shows 
the necessity of a form of bid to eliminate on both sides the pos- 
eibilities of such obvious injustice. 

Bulletins. The law governing tlie reports of the six departments 
tmder regents supervision provides that " such parts of their re- 
port as they shall deem necessary for use in advance of the annual 
volume may be furnished by the state printer as bulletins." This 
plan of publishing was devised as a matter of economy. We have 
1000 copies of some bound volumes, where other departments 
have 5000 or 10,000, but by breaking the volumes into thin paper 
covered pamphlets, printed from the same type and at the same 
time with the sheets for the boimd volume, we can answer nine 
tenths of our inquiries by sending a thin pamphlet instead of a 
thick bound book. This saves much of the postage, express and 
cost of manufacture, and gives to the applicant what he values 
more, for one interested in one definite subject prefers to have 
that alone in a compact pamphlet rather than as part of a hugo 
book. The printing law ought to be so amended that it and tho 
appropriation for printing should provide that no more than regu- 
lar contract rates, including cost of extra paper if better quality is 
used than for documents, should be charged for bulletins, and 
that there should be no extra allowance for composition on them. 
If this plan of printing bulletins were repealed, we should requiro 
so many more of the bound volumes that the cost to the state would 
be more than doubled to meet reasonable demands for our pub- 
lications, which no one who examined our correspondence with its 
daily applications would for a moment think of refusing. 

The state library as custodian of the state's books and as 
charged with the systematic distribution of state publications in 
permanent depositories, feels more keenly than any one else the 
need of improvement. If it involved extra expenditure Uie matter 
might properly be deferred, but as the reforms suggested would 
save money directly while they greatly increased eificieaicy, it 
would seem reasonable to urge that they be made, 



Xxdiai^l of N. T. pnblioationt. During the past five years the 
following Tolumes and pamphlets of New York state publications 
have been sent from the library under the system of exchange to 
American and foreign states and territories and to various instita- 
tiona in this and other countries : 

• 1890 1806 1697 1898 1899 

' Court of appeals reports 138 184 138 141 188 

* Supreme court reports ■ 301 516 473 387 645 

' I'^lislative manual 44 44 44 44 44 

Session laws 153 260 160 

L^slative journals and docu- 
ments 2 940 4 558 255 2 754 

State library reports 350 525 1 803 118 

State library bulletins 1 975 1 125 2 260 2 507 1 652 

State museum reports 668 1 542 877 545 

State museum bulletins 770 300 335 913 1 361 

U. S. N. Y. regents reports 1 800 1 418 878 854 

U.S.N. Y. examination reports 700 815 826 842 

U. S. N. Y. home education 

reports 750 225 462 438 

U. S.N. Y. regents bulletins. 2 384 3 340 6 175 6 257 6 854 
U.S.N.Y. examination papers 550 650 675 718 763 
"Other volumes and pamphlets 1 416 750 307 2 320 2 540 

11 536 10 312 19 750 18 388 19 658 

In 1891 we sent out 3657 volumes, placing them in the leading 
libraries of the world where they would be preserved and be most 
useful. In 1899 we sent out under the same system 19,658 

The increase of 1270 volumes sent out in 1899 over those of 
the previous year is largely due to the legislative documents of 
1898 which were not received in time for distribution daring that 

IKotpnblMiedbylhe state but bought from priTBte flnnamad dlEtrtbutedbrtlie stale 
llbrarj to tlia states and territories, 
tCbtellr Teporls of TsriouB 'Sew York «ta'e d«partmeuts. 





EalitbllBhed £1 April 1818 

The law library grew last year from 60,245 to 61,928. 639 of 
these new bookB were bought and 1044 were gifts or excliangea. 
1522 of the additions continued sets already on our shelves. 

The following table shows the sources and rate of increase in 
the law library from 1889 to date : 


bought. iDcludlDg 

or eichaogoB 


ImuBtit, given, 








1 580 

1 663 

1 059 

1 215 

1 959 

1 555 

1 041 

1 166 

1 568 
1 510 

1 894 

2 327 
2 663 

1 685 

2 032 
2 066 
2 231 
1 683 


1 013 

1893 . 

2 019 


1 765 


1 377 


1 98^ 


1 522 

Among the many volumes added are : 
; Bluett, Advocate's note book, 1847 
Corpus juris civilis. 6v. 1519 
Iowa. Laws, 1839-40 
JuBtiniajius. Institutionea. 1511 
Rhode Island. Acts and resolves, 1813-15 
Sigonius. De antique jure civiura Koraanorum. 1562 
Tynwald courts reports. 1823 
Victoria. Acts of parliament, 1866-83 
Virginia. Laws, 1807, 1816 


Eatabllahed 19 April 1881 

Arohivilt. After the death of Kr Howell so long state library 

archivist (see p. 5) A. J. F. van Laer, a native of Holland and a 



graduate of tlie Polytechnic school at Delft, and a member of the 

New York state library school class of 1899, was put in charge of 
the manuscript division. Mr van Laer' brings to his work a rare 
combination of linguistic ability, professional training, accuracy 
and enthusiasm which will render his services of great value in 
deciphering the rich collection of Dutch manuscripts, etc. in- 
trusted to his care. 

Inventory. An inventory of the records in the manuscript 
division taken when Mr van Laer entered on his official duties 
showed that all the volumes called for by the shelf list were on the 
shelves with the exception of " Commissions, v, 3 ", reported by 
Mr Howell as missing since the spring of 1896. Two importajit 
collections, not recorded on the shelf list but known to have been 
procured for tlie library, namely the 2500 loose papers containing 
the originals of many letters in the " D. D. Tompkins papers " 
and a collection of some 900 manuscripts of revolutionary' and 
post-revolutionarj- times, formerly in the possession of Mx Peter 
Van Gaasbeek of Kingston and acquired in 1886 at a cost of $125, 
are at present missing but are probably in boxes in one of the 
storerooms of the capitol. On the other hand a large number of 
volumes were found of which no record existed and as far as 
possible these have been entered in the shelf list and the catalogue 
of manuscripts. The former author and alphabetic subject cata- 
l(^ies have been thrown into one alphabet and 136 cards, found 
to duplicate others, have been taken out 387 new cards have 
been added. 

Among the volumes not heretofore catalogued is a file of 52 
thin folio boobs containing lists of certificates issued by state 
agents for provisions for the revolutionary army; paybooks for 
services performed on fortifications on Governor's and Bedloe's 
islands in 1794; copy of assessment rolls of Dutchess co. pursuant 
to an act of 1786 ; list of bills of credit and certificates canceled in 
1789 ; book of receipts for interest on loan office certificates with 
signatures of persons to whom the interest was paid, and a variety 



of other aecomits. In tlie aame file were found an index to v. 1 
of " Certificates of treasurer " and also a general index of officers. 
With the exception of v. 5 every one of the 10 volumes of 
" Certificates of treasurer " is now provided with an index. A 
volume marked 11, erroneously given as part of the set in State 
librai-y bulletin; history no. 3, p. 224*, is an alphabetic list of 
names, apparently of pensioners. 

Some bundles of loose sheets containing the original drafts of 
council minutes, 1754—73 and a series of 59 thin folio volumes 
of rough copies of council niinutes, 1709-76, were compared with 
the boimd vohimes of engrossed " Council minutes " and arranged 
in the order of the latter. Occasional references in the rough 
copies to entries of a previous date in the engrossed minutes show 
that the latter were kept regularly as the rough copies proceeded, 
yet the following minutes were noticed in the rough copies which 
are not in the engrossed minutes : Legislative minutes, 31 Aug.— 

13 Sep, 172S, printed in Journal of the legislative council. Alb. 
1861, 1 :571-79, showing that E. B. O'Callaghan had access to the 
rough copies; also, minutes of the eastern boimdary committee, 

14 July-16 Nov. 1753 and council minutes of 4, 23, 26 Dec. 1775, 
29 Jan. and 14 Feb. 1776. 

An inspection of the closets in the manuscript room brought to 
light a large number of manuscript and printed maps, not recorded 
in any of the existing catalogues. As frequent inquiries are made 
for original maps of surveys an index of the above maps was 
begun at once. This index is to be completed gradually by refer- 
ences to maps in the bound voliunes of manuscripts. An index 
has also been made to the contents of packages of misoellaneous 
papers found in the same closets. These papers ought at some 
future date to be permanently arranged, but for the present it 
was thought wiser not to disturb the original order in which they 
were found. 

Reference work. The regular work of the division consisted of 
the correspondence connected with historical and j 



quiriea, the preparation of copies of marriage bonds, census re- 
turns and other documents, a few translations from the Dutch, 
Spanish and Italian and some 50 certificates of service of soIdie(rs 
in the revolutionary war. 

To reduce as much as possible the time involved in making out 
the above certificates of service, the following blank has been 
printed, which if not suitable in all cases, is at least convenient 
for the preparation of rough drafts to be typewritten, 

This is to certify that on page ... of a manuscript volume entitled 

In the custody of the regents of the University of the 

State of New York, in the state library, the name of ia 

recorded, under date of as a In com- 
pany, belonging to the ... regiment of commanded by 

and that the above record shows that the said 

perrormed active service in the war. 

In testimony whereof, the seal of the University 
of the State of New York hsa been affixed at the 
city of Albany, this day of 

Personal inquirers have as far as possible been allowed to work 
in the manuscript room ; exdiang© of information, personal con- 
tact with students, and the learning of their needs being considered 
a sufficient gain to outweigh the discomfort and disturbance arising 
from the narrowness of the present quarters. The carrying back 
and forth of the very heavy volumes ia in this way largely avoided 
and greater safety insured, as there is less danger that volumes will 
not be returned to their shelves at the close of office hours. 

Inquiries about the " Henry Stevens papers " have come in from 
time to time, to which no satisfactory answers could be returned 
for the lack of a proper arrangement of these papers. The fact 
that this important collection is still practically inaccessible causes 
not only disappointment to the investigator but casts also a reflec- 
tion on the library. It is therefore recommended, that during the 
coming year, the sorting, binding and calendaring of these papers 
be taken in hand. 

Calendan and indezei. It is further believed that under present 
conditions no better service could be rendered to historical students 



than to print as aoou aa possible the calendars prepared by Mr 
Berthold Fernow for the following records : 

Court of assize, v.2, 1665-72 

Council niinntes, v. S, 1668-78 

General entries, t.4, 1671-74 

Council minutes, v.5-31, 1683-1776 

General entries, v.32, 1678-80 

Entries, v.33, 1632-83 

Orders, warrants, letters, v.2, 1665-69 

Warrants, orders, passes, etc. v,3, 1674-79 

Passbook, v.4, 1680-91 (incomplete) 

Licenses, warrants, etc v.5, 1686-1702 

Orders, warrants, etc. 1680-82 

Of other calendars now available in manuscript the most im- 
portant is that of the " Sir William Johnson's mss " 26 v. 1738-90. 
This calendar, prepared for v, 1-11 by D, J. Pratt and r. 12-36 
by H. A. Homes, is bound in one voliune and would probably have 
to be copied for the printer. 

The calendars of v. 1-47 of the " George Clinton papers ", pre- 
pared for v. 1-23 by Orville HoUey, v. 24-34 by G. W. Clinton, 
V. 35-38 by G. E. Howell, v. 39 by P. F. Cooper and v. 40-47 by 
G. E. Howell are very brief and, since the documents themselves 
are in course of publication, not of sufficient importance to warrant 
a complete revision. 

An index to v. 1-23 of the " George Clinton papers ", prepared 
by George W, Clinton and consisting of 1898 separate sheets was 
found in two bundles and has recently been arranged for use. 
This index, which is very carefully made and aims to give every 
name signed to or incidentally mentioned in the docimients, has 
rendered already valuable service in the work of the division and 
would well repay making a typewritten copy. As the references 
are not to pages but to the number of the document, it could also 
be printed and used in connection with the volumes of Public 
papers of George Clinton now published by the state. For v. 24 



of the " Gteorge Clinton papers " an index on slips was prepared 
by P. E. Cooper. 


Includlns comparBtlve leglgladao, but excluding Inw and educatton libraries 






Totil , 


8 881 

10 160 

11 MS 

12 620 

18 884 
17 171 

19 1S9 

20 848 

1 800 
1 7B9 
1 089 
1 871 
1 264 
1 215 
3 078 
1 968 
1 704 

(617 24 
1 342 91 
633 87 
638 68 
101 85 
428 S6 
770 61 
647 64 
6fil 98 

(lOS 03 
242 08 
886 48 
267 66 
828 77 
840 9B 
886 06 
814 62 
868 21 

1 193 

4 658 

6 664 

7 872 

8 808 
8 911 

10 204 

11 864 






During the past year purchases of English, German and French 
ivorks have greatly increased. The leading foreign reviews have 
been examined and dealers have sent foreign works to tlie library 
on approval, French and German writers are doing much excel- 
lent sociologic work and are industriously collecting data and 
making comparative studies of inestimable value. 

As soon as practicable the collections of public law, public docu- 
ments and sociology should be brought together, thus forming 
a working socioli^y library of the maximum convenience. Such a 
library would eventually become a laboratory of research and of 
scientific legislation, a center where a responsible press would 
relate the impression of to-day with the experience of the past, in 
short a great center for collecting, organizing and distributing 
social facts. 

Dr Herbert B. Adams, director of the department of historical 
and political science at Johns Hopkins imiversity, speaks of the 
future of the library as follows : 

Sooner or later the state library at Albany will become a semi- 
nary of American history, education and social economy. Some 



of the finest collections in the country on these civic subjects are 
already here and they will be utilized more and more by specialists. 
Dr Whitten'a labors and those of his predecessors have opened to 
students the labyrinth of American social-economic legislation. 
Similar digests and calendars of American education and of the 
enormous mass of historical manuscripts now accumulated here 
will make Albany a summer resort for scholars and educationists. 
Argus (Albany) 27 Aug. 1899 

Documents index. The advantages of the library when properlj^ 
developed will give it perhaps the best sociology collection in the 
United States. These advantages consist in its superior collections. 
of law and public documents, which are the publicist's raw ma- 
te-rials. Through the annual summary and index of state legisla- 
tion, the consolidated index of laws passed since 1890 and the- 
index of comparative legislation treatises, this division has already 
become the center for reeearch and information relating to laws- 
of the various states. As yet however the rich mine of social 
facts contained in the collection of state and municipal documents 
has not been opened, Laolr of indexes makes it very nearly in- 
accessible even to the most patient investigator. A card index of 
New York legislative documenta complete for the past 56 years 
has been |frepared, thus making accessible many special reports of 
legislative committees and state officers of great value for refer- 
ence. When the index was started it was not thought beat to 
attempt an analysis of reports. The numerous special reports on 
various subjects in annual department reports are therefore still 
almost inaccessible. The demand for a comprehensive index of 
all New Tork state publications is most urgent and one which 
it is to the interest of the state to meet promptly. The great 
usefulness of the card index of New York documents gives some 
indication of the immense value of a single general index of the 
public documents of all the states. Sooner or later such an index 
must be made. The library holds its excellent collection of public 
documents as a public trust, in the fulfilment of which it is its- 



duty to make them easily accessible to the student, the JQuroalist, 
the publicist and the legislator. 

Index to comparatlTe law and adminiitration. The most frequent 
inquiry in connection with any proposed legislation is, what have 
other states done ? To answer this question by reference to the 
statutes of each of the 48 states and territories is the work of 
■days and perhaps weeks. The economy of beii\g able to turn to a 
comparative compilation or abstract of the laws on the subject is 
therefore very great. While many comparative treatises are in 
existence, tliey are usually published as part of some public docu- 
ment or chapter of a book and therefore can not be found by 
reference to bibliographies or library catalogues. We have recently 
started an index but it must necessarily grow slowly. Though 
consisting of less than 100 titles, it has already proved most useful 
iind it is believed that its publication in the near future would save 
much duplication of work and be a great aid to all who have 
<K!casion to consult the laws of various states. 

Correspondence. The division not only tries to help memibers 
and committees of the legislature in every way during the session, 
but recognizing that many legislators prepare bills and get data 
and information t<^ther before coming to Albany, the following 
circular was sent to each member immediately after election in. 
K'ovember 1898. 

To state otBcerg and memlwre of tlie New York legislature 

Tbe sociology division of the state library alms to render available 
for practical use In legislation at a mlnlnium expenditure of labor, the 
iQformation contained in the 220,000 volumes In the state library. More- 
over, Important legislation in other states Is closely watched and the 
laws as soon as published are briefly summarized, classified and indexed. 
"We can thus answer promptly and accurately Inquiries concerning legis- 
lation in any state. This is the only center where information of this 
liind is so Available for Immediate reference. 

We try to obtain any fact that will help in preparing, promoting or 
considering legislative measures. Among other things we can furnish: 
1 The latest and best laws on nny subject in other states as a basis for 
similar legislation. 



2 An outline of tbe previous legislative lilstory of any subject in New 

3 References to the other best and most available sources of Informa- 
tion or arguments on either or botb sides of a question. 

All communications received will be treated as confidential. Thle 
work Is done without charge for any New Yorlt state officer, committee 
or member of the legislature. Address Inquiries to Robert H. Whitten, 
Sociology division, State library. 

Melvil Dewey Director 

Similar work elsewhere. The increased demand for facilities 
for soeiologic research and the efforts of the leading libraries to 
supply that demand is evidenced in the recent creation of a 
department of documents and statistics in the Boston public 
library and the appointment as its chief of Worthington C. Fbrd, 
formerly chief of the bureau of statistics of the TJ. S. treasury 
department. Mr Ford says in his first report : 

The general plan of this department was to constitute a 
working laboratory on social topics, where the expert, the 
student and the general reader might find the material they desire, 
and, if necessary, advice and guidance in the use of this material. 
The scheme, must, therefore, cover two important divisions of 
each social question : the theory, as developed by the leading 
American and European writers ; and the application, as recorded 
in the investigations of government bureaus, corporations, associ- 
ated charities or individuals. If the entire range of sociology as 
now understood is to be adequately treated, the department must 
have collections on political economy in its widest sense, on po- 
litical science both in theory and in history, and on statistics, 
which records and generalizes both economics and history. 

To do for the French parliament what this division has for the 
past 10 years been doing for the New York legislature a " Bureau 
parlementaire " has recently been organized by M. Marcel Four- 
nier, editor of the Revue politique et parlementaire. It has be- 
gun its work with the collection and indexing of French parlia- 
mentary documents. AI. ilarcel Foumier explains the aims of 
the bureau as follows : 

For rapid and good legislative work it is essential to make it as 
easy as possible for legislators to find and verify information 




and to collect the material indispensable to the study of a ques- 
tion. . . An institution of thia nature, placed at public disposal, 
will be much consulted and will be in correspondence ivith the 
entire world. It will speedily bec<Mne an inatrument of progress. 

The work in this division has never been more satisfactorily 
done than under its new head, Dr K. H. Whitten, and it is very 
desirable that he should be provided with needed assistance so 
that his own time, so valuable to the state in "many directions, 
shall not be absorbed by work which a low priced clerk conld do. 


EBtBbllshed n Ha; ISBl 








3 140 
2 B68 
e 108 
6 5S3 

5 740 

6 856 

7 628 
B 4S1 
9 279 



as 200 


61 116 

128 18 
83 89 
108 64 
79 25 
57 98 
3 124 77 
1 181 28 
462 28 
360 95 

|J6 93 
33 98 
39 93 

18 83 

19 38 
568 64 
898 30 
743 60 
732 38 



1 169 

8 486 


4 806 

5 160 
5 830 
5 9S8 









i 9279 books the medical library has about 5000 pam- 
phlets and is receiving regularly 229 serials, exclusive of annuals, 
biennials, etc. The largest gifts received during the year were 
those from Dr E. N. K. Jlears and the Medical society of the state 
of New York noted on p. 43. In 1899, $801.51 was spent for the 
medical library; of this, as is shown on p. 86, $118.90 was for 
books, $639.29 for aerials and $103.20 for binding. These figures 
differ from table above for same reasons that are given in note on 
table T2, p. 80. 





Total Tolnmoi 
OK ahelTOB 


kepttlU 1^ 


1 067 

2 839 

5 908 
4 190 
4 663 

6 170 
6 660 

' "S2 



3 182 


4 970 

1899 . 

11 602 

Of gifts 204 volumes and 5557 pamphlets were duplicates. Of 
pamphlets a large portion are catalogues and other serials, of which 
a separate card list is kept, since only by eternal vigilance can a 
series issued under direction of frequently changing officers be 
regularly secured. Date of receipt of each sequent is noted on the 
list which is read twice a year, when every delinquent is written 
for, nothing however being considered " delinquent " unless a 
month overdue. Delinquents were sent for only once a year till 
we found that many school publications are so quickly out of 
print that our files could be kept complete only by going over the 
list at least semiannually. 

The aim is not only to make available the best literature on edu- 
cational topics, but also to have at hand data specially for answer- 
ing questions constantly coming before the University of the State 
of Kew York as to the qualifications of the graduates of educa- 
tional institutions in all parts of the world who are candidabee for 
professional study or practice under the advanced New York 
standards, i^either field is yet adequately covered, but the nfum- 
ber of bound volumes has increased within the past decade from 
1961 to 5660, or nearly 189^, while the pamphlet collection is 
gi-owing at the rate of 5000 or 6000 a year. 




Established 1898 
During 1899 more books were added and the expenditure foT 
Eerials was larger than ever before. 











88 903 

84 806 

85 693 
87 896 

89 431 
41 860 

1 008 
1 503 
a 419 

|1 888 09 
1 898 01 
1 659 88 
9 266 18 
1 827 71 
8 890 3S 

$345 71 
313 09 
183 98 
304 65 
249 81 
837 58 

31 048 
38 666 
81 606 
83 916 
86 482 
88 676 

8 181 

07 B18 

8 089 

Hew reading room. The arrangement of our new reading room 
on the fifth floor has called forth the full appreciation of the 
genealogic public. Here the family histories and allied works are 
shelved round tha walls of a large room, with tables and chairs 
conveniently placed, and with the large allied subject of local 
history in 55A, the adjoining room. For convenience of users 
there have also been removed to this department from the main 
periodical room about 70 current serials on genealogy and local 
history, which are shelved in pamphlet cases on the south wall; 
and here also is shelved our important collection on American 
hereditary and patriotic societies, removed from its class order in 
369.1. We are gradually accumnlating here a small reference 
library of works constantly used in the history division, though 
classed elsewhere, 

In a conspicuous place is posted a typewritten liat of the most 
used genealogic books, which are retained for reference and not 
allowed to circulate. While assistance to genealogic searchers has 
made by far the greatest demands on this division, the convenience 
of having our general history collection conveniently accessible has 
been appreciated by other classes of students, 

a The book! under no, geogntphr and t iKTel, <rar« reoalAlocaed Id IBtS. 



Our distance from the library catalogue in 35 is a source of 
inconvenience, minimized however by our house telephone and the 
minute classification of most of the books. The greatest trouble 
has been found in 073, United States history, which, till the 
classification ia completed, is arranged on the shelves alphabetically 
by authors. 

Cnrrent work. The transfer of the preparation of certificates 
of revolutionary service and correspondence connected therewith 
to the manuscript division to which they properly belong, leaves 
more time for other necessary work. Those living at a distance 
are availing themselves to a considerable extent of our offer of 
paid help in family research, and this branch of the work has been 
turned over to Mr Herbert lIcKnight. By him also the large 
accumulations of unclassified pamphlets stored in the library are 
being rapidly classified and made available for use, while, in the 
absence of pages in this department, the convenience of having 
two men available for reference work can hardly be overestimated. 

All accessions on historical subjects, including biography and 
travel are now turned over to this division for classification. 
Periodicals are constantly examined for new publications, which 
are obtained if possible as gifts or recommended for buying. 
Since the appearance of the revised Decimal classification with 
its full treatment of United States history, the work of classifying 
and cataloguing this section is being rapidly pushed forward. 

Publications. As soon as other work permits we expect to print 
a bulletin of genealogy, a large part of which was typewritten a 
year ago. In this subject the Kew York state library has one of 
the best collections in the country, so the publication will be an 
important addition to bibliography. A printed catalogue of our 
collection of American local history is also contemplated. A full 
bibliography of New York local history, including not only books 
but articles in periodicals and other publications should he issued; 
as it is work -specially- in the state library's province and would 
utilize bibliographic labor already performed. 




The new sublibrarian, Mr Cbaxles A. Tlagg B. A. (Bowdoin) 
a graduate of the New York library school, has by the year's 
work more than justified his selection as the head of the history 


Established 14 December 1S9S 

Growth. 447 books were added last year. In order to keep 
the collection within the limits of the shelves assigned it in the 
main reading room, where free access is allowed, it is necessary 
from time to time to transfer to the state shelves books which have 
proved of less interest, or in which the interest has passed. This 
accounts for the fact that the collection does not greatly increase, 
and sometimes lessens, in spite of constant additions of fresh 
books. As noted on p. 38, the children's books have been trans- 
ferred to a separate room. 

Use. 200 borrowers were added to the capitol library register, 
making a total of 1340 from the beginning, of whom 575 have 
drawn books this year. Of these 51 are temporary state em- 
ployees, who borrow from the capitol library only. 616 volumes 
were lent to state library borrowers, who even when not state 
employees, may take one volume, not fiction, from the capitol 

Uae of capitol library "by cImsm 1896-90 


000 Qeneral works, 
100 FMlMophr . . . 

aOO Beligion 

SOO Boclology 

400 Philology 

500 Sclenoe 

600 Useful arts.... 

700 Fine arts 

800 Literature. . . . 
900 Hiatoiy 


« 846 100 7 806 100 7 731 100 8 080 100 




EstablUhed 10 I>ecemb«r ISSS 

This collection of writings of New York womeQ, originally 
prepared by the Wednesday afternoon club of New York for the 
World's Columbian exposition, now numbers 2486. The following 
table shows approximately the relative d^ree of literary activity 
of the women represented in the various branch^ of knowledge. 

Percentage at 
TOlomeB la 
each subject 

000 Oeneral works . . 

lOO Philoeopbr 

800 Religion , . 

MM) Sociology 

400 Philology 

600 Science 

fiOO Useful arts 

700 Fine Arte 

800 Literature 

MO History 


Total diflerent writers. . 

3. SO 

As shown by the last column the largest amount of work has been 
done in literature, religion and history. 


EBtabllshed 19 March 18W 

The past year's experience leads us to believe that serious mis- 
takes would have been made if we had not devoted ample time to 
a carefid study of the peculiar needs of blind readers. The 
natural instinct of sympathy for them can be uaed as a personal 

oThls total is not the sum of the different writers In eacb class aa the 
•ame author bas frequently written in different claBBes, 



factor for snocess, but uolees balanced by sober judgment will 
lead to adoption of plans by no means for their beet interests. 

We are glad to have our own judgment confirmed in a paper 
delivered before the American library association in 1898 
(Library journal, 23 ; C93-95) by Mr Henry M. Tltley, librarian 
of Detroit public library and ex-president of the American library 
association, that circulation of books for the blind is most easily 
and appropriately done from a state center. A state center is mun 
desirable for the following reasons : the books are expensive ; most 
readers are unable or unwilling to visit a library and there are 
few blind persons in any one community excepting large cities. 
We hope to secure the advantages and avoid the disadvantages of 
distribution from a state center. The vital problem of library 
wort for the state is to secure the added intelligence, the technical 
skill and the economic gain of a large center without losing the 
sympathetic effort of the librarian. This must always be a large 
factor in bringing together book and reader, which is after all the 
essence of library work. To secure the nice balance of intelligence 
and sympathy is the chief study in developing the state library for 
the Idind. 

Our readers seem to enjoy very much the correspondence whick 
we carry on with them in their own language by the use of the 
kleidograph, an ingenious special typewriter. We send out letters 
which they can read with their fingers and in reply they use this 
machine or writing tablets. 

Our plan also involves securing the cooperation of libraries 
throuighout the state or of individuals, one or more in each town, 
who will act as references for blind readers and visit thean in their 
homes, explaining the plans of the library and the ease with whick 
they may share its imusual opportunities. Since about 80^ of 
the blind lose their sight in adult lifei, tlie first step consists in 
circulating alphabets and primers and persuading those who have 



not learned to read type for the Hind that it is worth whilt\ for 
them to put forth a little persistent efEort, These local co- 
operators may alao be of great service in securing gifts of money 
to be spent for new books. The first report of actual prc^ess will 
be issued next year. 


The books for children have been withdrawn from the central 
i-eading room where the main collection of the capitol library is 
shelved, to a room set apart for children, and open at certain hours 
to those registered as readers. This room is supervised mainly by 
members of the library school who wish to specialize on work for 
children, under direction of Mrs S. C. Tairehild, vice-director of 
the school. This change was made partly in the interest of students, 
who were crowded in the main reading room by young readers, 
and partly to increase opportunity for practical training in the 
library school course. 


The library now has special divisions of law, education, 
sociology, medicine, history and manuscripts, those being the sub- 
jects in which it is particularly strong. The judgment of library 
experts is practically uniform tliat each librarj' should lay special 
stress on the departments in which it has already attained repu- 
tation. Since it is impossible for any library to lead in all depart- 
ments, it must obviously attain its special usefulness and make 
its reputation in those fields where it has made the best beginning. 
The New York state library has always been strong in bibliog- 
raphy. Since the state library school was established and the 
entire collection gathered during 25 years by the national associa- 
tion of librarians was deposited here, we have steadily strength- 
ened everything pertaining to librarianship till in many respects 



our collections are uneqiialed elsewhere in the world. The uecea- 
sities of the work and practical convenience demand that the 
important and growing department of bibliography should have 
the same rect^nition aa other specialties, by creation of a distinct 
bibliography division in charge of an enthusiastic sublibrarian who 
will maintain and strengthen present leadership in this field. 
Besides the collection of books and pamphlets which other large 
libraries might make, we have the library museimi already con- 
taining many thousand illustrative specimens, blanks and models 
and the largest extant collection of photographs of library interiors 
and exteriors. This musenm must receive special attention. 

The great library exhibit at the Columbian exposition was pre- 
pared by our staff and deposited permanently in this library. The 
exhibits for the Paris exposition of 1900 and probably for the 
Pan-American exposition of 1901, representing the American 
library association, will similarly be prepared and permanently 
deposited in this library. Plainly the amount of historical 
material thus collected by a quarter century of active effort could 
hardly be duplicated elsewhere even at great cost, and our col- 
lections must continue as in the past to be the most important 
in existence for the thorough study of library problems. 

Besides the library and museum side of the work, there is 
another great need, not alone for the thousand and more T^ew 
York libraries more or less closely affiliated to the state library, but 
for other libraries and literary workers in other states and countries 
who would highly value the privileges. To meet this we propose 
to have the bibliography librarian maintain card indexes, which 
of course may be printed as demand warrants, showing the biblio- 
graphic resources of other libraries than our own, specially the 
location and character of manuscript bibliographies from which 
information could be secured in case of need. Scattered through 
the world are many thousand scholars who have with great labor 



compiled bibliographies of whicb there is only a single manuscript 
copy, and who would be very willing to let other scholars use the 
information but are unable or unwilling to bear the clerical ex- 
penses of consulting the lists, copying references and answering 
questions. We wish to have it widely known that our library 
maintains an index of sucli manuscript work and that every per- 
son interested is free to ask what it contains on his special subject, 
with the address of the person to whom he must apply for 
references from it and the charge if any made for such services, 
on the principle which has proved so practical and acceptable to 
students m our paid help department. 

Another index of great value would be of uncompleted biblio- 
graphic work- To this index would be added as fast as informa- 
tion could be secured the subjects, workers and any facts as to 
probable time of completion, publication, etc so that a scholar 
needing a new bibliography and inclined to undertake it might 
learn whether another was before him. Obviously there are many 
opportunities for great practical service by a thoroughly organized 
system of indexes for use of the whole library and student world. 
It will pay us abundantly to maintain this department for the 
libraries of this great state. It will cost no more to make all its 
resources available elsewhere under the paid help principle, and I 
predict that onr bibliographic division will be more widely used 
and appreciated than any other. 



All statlsticB refer to 

Tlie library has gro'wn from the 383, 5T6 volumes reported last 
year to 405,170 volumes, of which 230,459 volumes are in the state 
library proper, 50,988 volumes are in traveling libraries in the 
home education department and 123,723 volumes are duplicates. 

Aside' from the home education department, duplicates and 
library school collection the additions o£ the year were 11,159 
TolimieB. Of these only 5558 volumes were bought, 5601 
volumes came in by gifts and exchange, including 2252 volumes 
made by binding pamphlets and 1176 by binding serials. 145 
volumes were added by gift to the library school collection. 

Classiied ezpenditores. Table F, summary by classes, of books, 
eerials and subject cards added, shows that aside from traveling 
libraries more boots were added in 1899 than in any previous 
year. Comparison with 1898 shows increased expenditure in 
1899, in each class, the amount spent for general works being 
almost double, for history and literature more than double, and 
for religion and philology almost treble that of 1898. Increased 
expenditure for serials is shown in each class except philology, 

alDcludeam.lUinEenentlUbrarraDd 1867 id librarr school collection, not included lathe 
■tAIUtlcs lor 1B91-9S. 
Mocludee 45ST added to general library and US to library Kboal collection . 
e WB Tolumrs were wltbdrawo bj eichanKO, sale or (Itt. leaving a net addition ol S«S. 
d iDCludei Mm lu general llbrar; and H6 in librar; icliool collection. 

izidb. Google 


science, useful arts and literature, the largest outlays being for 
Bociology (including law $963.16 and education $53,45) useful 
arts, general works, science and history. 

Special collections. The following table shows the boots and 
subject cards in subjects in which there are special demands on the 
state library and which should be developed as appropriations 




Totnnea added 





1 2B5 

30 848 



01 080 

1 148 

61 928 


3 017 






8 874 

AS 808 

' 4084 






SO 088 



1 968 







10 086 

1 704 
1 688 








1 Library economy 


Cinl BOTvice 

11 354 


Charities and correcdona .... 

1 018 


1 835 





1 818 

074 970 

Unil«d mates bistory 

e Local history 

1:8 344 
hi S63 


Other ■pecial coUectiona 

Children's librwy 

Library for the blind 

a Including library school colieetijn omitted from 1818 report, 
b Eicept law and education. Bee aleo c-d. 

c In general the reeular municipal documents. cliarMni uid ordioances ai 
d Including United States, state, municipal and (oreien 
< Including New York hlatory. CTI.T. 
/ Including capitol Itbrarr books Id children's lib-arj. 
g Total less than reported In 18S8 due to traosfers to atbar 
h Total reported too large In 1806 tbrongb error In count. 
i Including £8 books omitted Irom 18BB report. 
j Books In the law llbcary are not yet Id card catalogue. 
k Only additions since 18SB are catalogued. 

> kept In the lav 



Orden. 1631 orders, more than twice as many as in 1898, "were 
sent to agents, making with 746 orders outstanding Oct. 1, 1898 
a total of 2377; of these 1431 were filled and 42 Canceled, leaving 
904 outstanding Oct. 1, 1899, These figures do not include the 
much larger orders for traveling and extension libraries in the 
home education department, or those sent to auction agents. In 
addition, 542 books were bought, without orders, from the 942 
volumes sent on approval by our New York agents. Of these, 
385 volumes were for the state library and 157 for the home 
education department. There were also bought at auction 1430 
volumes costing $1560.34 against 90 volumes costing $96.46 in 

Gifts. At the close of the annual address before the University 
convocation, Tuesday evening, June 27, 1899 the Emma Willard 
association through its president, Mrs Kussell Sage, presented to 
the state library a marble bust of Mrs Emma Hart Willard and 
a volimie entitled Emma Willard and her pupils compiled under 
direction of the association in honor of this " pioneer of higher 
education for woman," Viee-Chancellor Doane received the gift 
and returned the regents' thanks in behalf of the state. 

Among many other gifts were : 472 Masonic grand lodge and 
grand chapter proceedings from 17 states; 261 volumes and 1752 
pamphlets from Dr E. N. K. Mears; 82 volumes and 408 pam- 
phlets from the Medical society of the state of New York; from 
the New York state bureau of labor statistics 210 volumes and 490 
pamphlets, the latter mostly Italian statistical publications which 
helped to complete sets ; 148 volumes and 153 pamphlets from the 
New York statutory revision commission ; a valuable set of 142 
volumes of Pennsylvania geologic survey reports from Mr Charles 
B. Scott; 64 volumes and 81 pamphlets from the United States 
superintendent of documents, which helped to complete our files ; 
and the annual gift of cases and briefs, numbering last year 7500 



pamplilets from Mr Marcus T. Hun, ofEcial reporter of the New 
Tork supreme court. 

The library also met with a generous response to its request for 
transactions of state medical societies and for the reports of grand 
chapters and grand encampments of Odd Fellows. The triennial 
list of gifts appended to the next report will show the growing 
sition to give to the state library. 

Serials. The serial check list, which includes all serials except 
annuals and biennials received by gift, includes 2145 serials; of 
these 989 are bought and 1156 are given. Of the former 71 
were added during the past year. Lists of these additions and of 
the serials on our subscription list which have ceased publication 
during the year ending Sep, 30, 1899, are given in table N, 
p. 80. The annual record of the cost of serials in each class may 
he found in tables E-F, p. 69. 

The serial check list is being transferred to the new form of 
sheets modeled after those of the Crerar library and 8ho\vn below. 
Each sheet containing 26 lines is 20 x 25cm, the left margin being 
covered by a punched linen hinge 3cm wide, of which 1cm laps 
over on sheet. Thpugh the new form is less compact than the old 
it has the great advantage of doing away with the annual rewrit- 
ing and alloAving free intercalation by which strict alphabetic order 
may be preserved. Each serial is thus entered in a convenient 
form on a separate sheet which serves for years. The back of 
the sheet furnishes a convenient record of volmnes of the set in 
the bindery, and serves as an alphabetic index to serials in| the 
binding hook. In tracing serials this saves reference to the charg- 
ing slip at the loan deak, which in the state library is at consider- 
able distance from the serials section. The sheets are fastened in 
Common-sense binders. 



1 TiUe 


§ Issues vol. a year Vol. begins Place Publielier Size 

















Binding record 










Important additions. A list of the most important books added 
during the year may be found in table M, p. 77. The cataloguers 
collection is being materially strengthened by the addition of books 
recommended by 15 American librarians specially interested who 
were asked for suggestions on the new edition of Selection of ref- 
erence iooks for use of cataloguers m finding full names first is- 
sued as bibliography bulletin 5. 



May 12, 1899 the le^slature appropriated $3000 to buy the 
Llojd collection of legislative photographs and books. This col- 
lection, which was placed in the state library, consists of 46 framed 
groups of Tfew York legislators, etc. a volume of "Assembly photo- 
graphs 1861 " with autographs, one of state officers and members 
of the legislature in 1859 and two small autograph hooks of mem- 
bers of assembly 1874 and 1875; also copies of the Manual, Clerk's 
ma/MioX, Civil list, etc since 1861 and Life sketches of state offi- 
cers, senators and members of assembly 1861, '67-68, '70, '73, 
'76, '79. 

The framed pictures are of three kinds: 1) groups of the sen- 
ate and a^embly in session, generally without names; 2) collec- 
tion of individual photographs, with names ; 3) pictures com- 
posed of individual photographs cut out and mounted as one 
group, generally provided with a key. This collection of 46 
framed pictures contains over 5000 portraits, many members of 
the legislature who served more than one terra being represented 
in different pictures. The list follows ; 
State officers and senate 1864-65, 1870-72 

2 pictures 168 x 150 cm 35 photographs each 

State officers and legislature 1372-78 

8 pictures 125 x 115 cm 173 photographs each 

State officers 1880-82 

1 picture 31 x 40 cm 15 portraits 

Senate 1878-98 

10 pictures 75 x 100 cm. About 50 portraita each 

Assembly 1878-98 

27 pictures, five of which measure 125 x 115 cm or over, the 
rest averaging 40 x 50 cm and 60 x 75 cm 

About 150 portraits each 


Catalogruing. 21,570 new cards were added to our main cata- 
logue, 10,210 author cards, 8591 subject cards and 2769 title 



This record does not represent the large amount of work done 
in cataloguing serials or the entries for many bound pamphlets 
which were added to cards already made. 

Printed oards. Probably no other question in library adminis- 
tration is more practically important to most libraries and pre- 
eminently so to a state or other central library having supervision 
of smaller libraries, than that of reducing ciMt of cataloguing and 
increasing utility of catalogues by means of printed cards. The 
expense item which causes most anxiety to library trustees and 
most criticism from the uninformed is almost always the cost of 
cataloguing. The ablest librarians of the world have been study- 
ing for 50 years the problem of securing necessary results at lower 
cost. There is entire agreement that a library is practically use- 
less without good catalogues, and that whatever the cost it must 
be faced, so that we hear no discussion by competent judges about 
getting on without these indispensable keys, but merely of how to 
reduce their cost by cooperation and better methods. The prob- 
lem grows yearly more serious with the steadily increasing num- 
ber of books published and of readers not satisfied with what they 
may find in their own library, but insistent on knowing what can ■ 
be had on the same subject elsewhere. The American library as- 
sociation has recognized the gravity of this problem for years and 
given it close attention through its strongest committees and its 
publishing board. A score of libraries have made more or less 
extended experiments, notably the Soston public, Harvard col- 
lege, Columbia university, John Crerar, Princeton university and 
the P-uhlishers' weekly office in New York where the official bib- 
liographic records of the book trade have centered from their 
origin. Certain definite results have been attained. Possibly 
future discoveries may modify some conclusions that now seem 
clear; but the same possibility hangs over decisions on any sub- 
ject, so we may safely accept these premises. 

1 A card well printed in clear type will be used; not a duplica- 
tion of manuscript or typewriting, for no duplicating process will 



give as legible results as good printing. Entries on cards in traya 
and drawers are more trying to the eyes than in book form, and 
it is absolutely necessary that the highest practical legibility be 
secured for the general public. Another reason for printing is 
the greater economy with which many copies can be made for dis- 

2 These cards must he printed and distributed to subscribing 
public and private libraries by some central bureau. Cost of 
typesetting and necessary preliminaries and, more important, the 
heavy expense of preparing satisfactory bibliographic titles, neces- 
sitate preparing and issuing from some central point and dividing 
expense among the libraries benefited. Every year the public 
and librarians recognize more fully the almost 'incalculable value 
of brief notes added to book titles and epitomizing the most val- 
uable information or suggestion which an expert familiar with the 
literature of that subject could give to one trying to choose from 
a great library the book then and there and to him most useful. 
It would be difficult to overestimate the practical value of these 
annotations or " evaluations ", yet obviously very few libraries 
could find persons competent to make satisfactory notes on all sub- 
jects, or having found them, could afford to prepare and print the 
notes, except by dividing the cost with other libraries to which 
they would be exactly as useful. 

If the cards must be printed and distributed from a centra! 
bureau, the only question left to the ^ew York state library is 
whether it should do this work in virtue of its relation as the cen- 
tral library for 7,000,000 people with over 1000 libraries more 
or less closely connected with or tributary to it, or whether the 
central cataloguing bureau can be moved one step farther back 
and serve not only for this but for other states. On this account 
we have postponed for 10 years the question of printing our own 
cards, hoping for a solution that would relieve us of part of the 
labor and expense. The library committee has always recognized 
the importance of this question and had our other work not been 
so pressing we should doubtless have felt forced before this to be- 



gin printing for our own use. But while we have been doing 
other important cooperative work, the results of which we have 
given freely to other librariea, they have carried on practical ex- 
periments in printing and we have hopefully watched the results. 
There are two Bolutiona, either of which would be better than for 
US to do this work, and one of which is almost sure to be reached 
within two or three years. 

1 Organization of the cooperative cataloguing bureau at some 
central point, probably in connection with the extensive allied 
work now carried on by the Pv}>lishers' weekly office in New York. 
This would be supported by contributions of cooperating libraries 
which would guaranty its expenses, and by subscriptions from 
smaller libraries willing to pay for their printed cards, but ao 
situated as to be unable to assume more direct responsibility. 

2 Vastly better than this, and the solution to which I have 
looked for more than 20 years, is that these cards shall be printed 
by the national library in Washington as part of its proper func- 
tions as the library center for the whole nation. It receives all 
books copyrighted in this country, besides buying foreign hooks 
fceavily and receiving more in exchange than any other American 
library. It therefore would be the best center for material to be 
catalogued, Under its new administration it certainly will soon 
have unexcelled facilities in its bibliographic apparatus, and in 
its staff for cataloguing, classifying and annotating. 

The national library would thus in cataloguing its own books, 
printing the titles as it would have to do in any case, add the 
trifling cost of printing extra cards when the type was on the press, 
and of distributing to libraries according to their needs. No other 
equal expenditure could possibly accomplish so much as this for 
libraries, and it certainly would be a very insignidcant minority 
that would criticize the plan either in theory or practice. Now 
that the educational world has formally recognized that the pub- 
lic library is as much a part of the educational system as the pub- 
lic school, no one could criticize using the United States mails for 



distributing cards to sneh libraries as maiutaiii standards entitling 
them to recognition as distinctly educational institutions. Wash- 
ington is a particularly favorable center because o£ tlie great num- 
ber of government departments, universities and other institu- 
tions which would be available for assistance, specially in pre- 
paring notes on books on a great variety of subjects. 

Whether the mechanical process adopted shall prove to be lino- 
type slugs or electric shells or ordinary stereo plates or papier 
mache matrices is merely a question mechanical and financial, to 
be settled by those in charge. The essential is that cataloguing, 
annotating and printing standard cards (7.5 x 12.5 cm now almost 
universally adopted for bibliographic work) be done for American 
libraries eifher at the Library of congress or at a central bureau, 
preferably in New York. In my judgment we should devote our 
own efforts to reaching at as early a day as possible one of these 
two solutions, of which the national library plan is incomparably 
the better. 

Some will heartily approve utilizing the national library cata- 
loguing and printing, but object to public distribution and urge 
that the cards should be bought by some business house or bureau 
organized for the purpose and distributed independently of the na- 
tional library. This means maintaining a double staff, a double 
stock of cards (for the national library must have its own reserve 
for its o\vn uses) and in many ways an extra expense ■with no gain 
except gratifying the theory of those who think such distribution 
uot a proper function of the national library. If the narrow view 
is to prevail that the Library of congress is not a national library, 
but merely for the use of senators and representatives in congress, 
then this argiiment holds. That idea was however repudiated 
by erecting the finest library building in the world at considerable 
distance from the capitol, making a great object lesson to every 
visitor that it is in fact a library for the nation and not for con- 
gress alone. No one will question that this work can be done 
more conveniently and more cheaply there than by duplicating 



facilities elsewhere, and I feel sure that in the end this opinion 
will prevail even if some other arrangement is foreed on us as a 
makeshift. Use of printed cards for catalogues is just as inev- 
itable as the general use of typewriters and electric light. We 
eertainlv should not be discouraged because objections made to 
other labor saving inventions are urged against this greater one, 
a printed catalogue card for general use. If one in five of the 
5000 public libraries of the country should buy an important new 
book, it woitld mean that the heavy e:spense of cataloguing, and of 
printing or copying the cards and making notes must be incurred 
1000 times over, or else that some of these libraries should lack 
this invaluable aid. Hardly anything in modern life will ap- 
peal more strongly to a practical business maa than the increased 
economy and efficiency and therefore the practical necessity of 
doing away with present duplication of labor and having cata- 
loguing, printing and annotating done once for all in one place 
for all libraries for these books, every copy of which is an exact 
duplicate of every other. 

Indexei. The 23 indexes to University publications made since 
our last report represent much time and careful work. The 
amoimt of indexing was somewhat increased by the reorganization 
of University departments. The necessity of thorough indexes 
is evident in such works as the valuable series of bulletins on pro- 
fessional education now being published by the collie department, 
as without such indexes the material in the bulletins would be al- 
most unavailable to readers. As usual we have responded to sev- 
eral calls for help in indexing from other state departments. 

Publications indexed. Regents minutes. 

Eegents bulletins : 45, 36th University convocation, 1898 ; 
47, Association of colleges and preparatory schools," 12th annual 

College department bulletins: 1, Keport of director, 1898; 
2, Business syllabus. 

High school department bulletins : 1, Keport of director, 



Home education department: 5th annual report, 1897. Bul- 
letins: 27, Public libraries division, report, 1898; 38, Extension 
teaching division, report, 1898; 30, Simimer schools division, 
report, 1899. 

State library: 81st annual report, 1898. Bulletins: Legisla- 
tion 10, summary and index of legislation by states, 1898; Li- 
brary school 3, report, 1898; History 2, Colonial records : gen- 
eral entries, v. 1 ; History 3, Annotated list of manuscripts. 

State musenm: 51st annual report, 1897. Bulletins: State 
botanist, report, 1897; State entomologist, 13th report; 23, 
State entomolf^ist, 14th report; 24, Memorial of life and ento- 
mologic work of J. A. Linlner; 26, Collection and preservation 
of New York insects; 27, Shade tree pests; 28, Plants of North 

Indexes to the entomologist's 13tli report and to bulletins 23, 
24, 26 and 27 were mainly prepared by E. P. Pelt. 

Clasaification. On completion of the minute classification 
needed for United States history, final arrangement of this large 
collection was begun by the history sublibrarian, who now classifies 
under revision all hooks in 900. Tentative classification of cur- 
rent pamphlets has been brought to date by the history assistant 
and many old pamphlets have also been sorted and classified. Our 
large annual additions keep our classifier busy the entire year on 
current work and only by extra help can we make much progress 
on arrears. 

Beference. 47,745 volumes are entirely open to the public. 
Many of these books are used and returned to shelves by readers 
■unrecorded ; and many while off the shelves but once are used by 
several readers as in the medical library and on special reserve 
shelves in the main reading room. Carefully estimated reference 
use for 1899 was 201,013 volumes against 175,000 in 1898 and 
150,000 in 1897. 



Mounted bibliographic clippings and manuscript subject bib- 
liographies in binders, the new card shelf list of reference books 
and the card index of subject bibliographies in library bulletins 
to date are now kept at the sublibrarian's desk. A bulletin show- 
ing additions of general interest is posted fortnightly near the 
loan desk. This list is made up weekly and is printed by several 
local newspapers. Special lists on Imperialism, Theodore Roose- 
velt and Christmas have also been posted during the year. 

The custom of reserving books for Normal college classes and 
others gives students an appreciated opportunity to select their 
books from open shelves and economizes time of library attendants. 

Noiie in readii^ rooms. The faulty construction of the capitd 
for library use renders the absolute quiet desirable for reading 
impossible. We are, however, gaining experience and that will 
be useful in planning a new building. The main entrance and 
elevator opening into the reading room, use of the room as a thor- 
oughfare, its tile floors, with the card catalogue, loan desk, bul- 
letin boards, beUs, telephones and speaking tubes, clerks not needed 
to serve readers and routine library work are all disturbing ele- 
ments. But the year shows some progress in making the best 
of bad conditions. As predicted in the last report, establishing 
the children's library has lessened noise and added to comfort in 
the main reading room while providing at the same time better 
books and service for the children. Operation of the staircase 
elevator has enabled us to reserve the inside elevator for adminis- 
trative use, thus lessening both noise and delay in getting books 
for readers. 

Evening use. During the eight months when the library was 
open 165 evenings there were 9888 readers between 6 and 10 p. m. 
who called for 45,042 volumes, besides using many thousand 
books from the reference slielves of which no record is kept. This 
is an increase of 2227 readers and 24-,974 volumes over last year, 
a much larger increase than in former years. 



Summarr of evening use 1 Oct. 1888 — 30 Sep. 1899 

Not Including a large evening use by members of the various Uni- 
versity deiiartnieuts and library school students in rooms not open to 
the eeneral public. 








45 042 


The library is open each week day from 8 a. m. to 10 p. m. 
except on Saturdays, legal holidays and generally from July 1 
to September 30, ivhen it closes at 6 p. m. This year it was nec- 
essary to close the library at 6 p. m. beginning June 1 instead of 
July 1, for reasons given in the following extract from the regents 
minutes of June 26, 18!)!); 

The director rexrorted that the won-k of the state library had 
materially increased during the past year, but that the appro- 
priation was, throiigh a misunderstanding of the finance com- 
mittee, $2100 less than last year. Pending instructions from tht 
regents he bad reduced the hours of opening from the usual 14 t» 
the 8 required by law, as it was impossible to keep the library open 
evenings and holidays without exceeding available funds. 

Voted, That the matter of adjusting hours and work of the state 
library to its reduced appropriation be refen-ed to the library com- 
mittee with x>ower to act so far as available appropriations allow. 

It is earnestly hoped that the next legislature will make som« 
provision for the much desired electric elevator, which would ren- 
der us independent of the elevator pumps and allow us to open th« 
library Saturdays till 10 p. m. to the great accommodation of its 

Loan. As shown by tables G-H, p. 73, the total books lent were 
627 more than last year. This more than makes up the decrease 
of 328 in loans for 1898 as compared with 1897. Of the 14,508 
loans during the year 13^ were books classed in sociology, 31^ in 
literature and 25^ in history. 1227 borrowers have drawn books, 
including 51 who borrow only from the capitol library. The fol- 
lowing card is sent with an application blank (see report for 1898, 
p. 59-60) when a new applicant requests borrowers privileges. 

Books from the state library are lent only to registered borrowers 
having special claim on Its resources in accordance with the inclosed 


HEPOET of' dibectoe 1899 


rules. If you will therefore return the inclosed card giving the infor- 
matloD asked under each head It will be eubmitted for action and notice 
of the result sent you. 

If a regent or state officer is not accessible' the application should be 
signed by the local librarian or school principal. 

Loans to institutiona and special investigators. In 1891 only 31 
institutions borrowed from the state library; in 1899, as shown by 
the following table, 220 institutions and individual borrowers out- 
side Albany borrowed 1401 volumes. Besides this, the number of 
institutions borrowing from the home education department in- 
creased from 8 in 1S91, when books were first sent to extension 
centers, to 620 in 1899, making a total of 840, whioh includes in- 
dividual borrowers outside Albany, institutions, study clubs and 
groiips of taxpayers borrowing from the state library and home 
education department. This is an increase of 139 over last year. 

liOtuis outiide Albany 1 Oct. 1888 - 30 Sep. 1899 




StKte Ilbrmrr 







JT«o For* 




























Other ttaUt 










Home edncktion deputnumt 

















TM»1 louu from home education d^'t. . 

46 618 


80 49S 


lOBDI to iDllTiduall In AlbBDf. 




Binding. In new work our bindery turned out 1289 volumes 
in half morocco, 16!) half duck, 36fi cloth, 135 American Russia, 
or a total of 1959 volumes, which would have cost us at lowest 
contract prices $2022.75. Besides this, other work done in the 
bindery brought the total product up to $-2726.12. Allowing lOji 
for depreciation of machinery, we have a loss of $279.17 for the 
year. The total gain to Sep. 30, 1898 was $163.83, deducting 
the gain for previous years from the loss for this year we have a 
loss of $115.34 since the bindery was started. These figures of 
loss or gain for each year are based on the following annual in- 
ventory and statement filed with the treasurer of the University. 
Bindery axpsnus and returns 1 Oct. 1898— 30 Sep. 1809 

Stock carried over $497 8T 

Stock bought 570 42 

Total cost of stock $1 068 28 

Less stock on band 523 71 

Net cost of stock $544 58 

Wages 2 395 84 

Repairs 18 40 

10% of net value of plant for wear and lutoiest 46 47 

Total cost $3 005 28 


New work $2022 75 

Extra work 703 37 

Total $2 726 12 

I^ss for year ending Sep. 30, 1809 $270 17 

Net gain to Sep. 30, 1898 163 83 

Net lose to Sep. 30, 1899 5115 84 

Net value of plant Oct. 1, 1898 5463 77 

Additions during 1899 1 00 

$464 7T 
r^ess 10% charged off 46 47 

Net value of plant Sep. 30, 1899 $418 30 




Det«iled statistics of work done in our own bindery are given 
in tables B and I, p. 66 and 74. Besides this work the special gil- 
der and letterer gilded 24,225 call numbers, 11,274 extra lines and 
7407 Tolnme numbers (added to miscellaneoua sets, etc. as noted 
below) at a cost of $1063.33. This gilder is paid by the piece: 
(i. e. adding N. T. state library, changes in lettering, etc, 2 cents ; 
volume numbers, li cents) 

Svmmuuy of cost of bindmg 1 Oct. 1807 — 30 Sep. 1899 


















t«l)S4 1D 


Shelf department. There were 8971 volumes shelf listed be- 
sides correcting errors in old class niunbers, brought to light by the 
(innual inventory. Duplicate card shelflists for the capitol, chil- 
dren's, museum and woman's libraries were reported in 1898.. Sim- 
ilar duplicate lists have now been made for the remaining special 
collections designated by a letter before the call number ; i. e. 

A archives 
B blind 
E examination 

H history 
E reference 
V valuable, including 

The subjects 200-242, 327 and 880-899 were transferred from 
large sheets to permanent 10 x 25cm shelf sheets and many over- 
crowded shelf sheets were rewritten. 

Shelves. Call numbers were gilded on all books in classes 050- 
052, 100, 400, 700 also on directories and woman*s library books. 
Volume numbers were also gilded on many miscellaneous sets for 
which the volimie number was not originally indicated or which 
had volume numbers on back diflfering from those on book plates. 



Call numbers are not yet gilded on books in elaases 030-040, 
053-090, 200, 3-27, 341.2, 341.0, 342.732, 343-349, 366, 600 
(except 610-610.0, 611-619) 973, 975-979 and law library. 

iCTew location sheets necessitated by the complete rearrangement 
reported last year were hung in tlie principal rooms and the ten- 
tative arrangement of the roll and flat maps completed. Wooden 
dummies have been inserted in place of sets shelved out of regular 
order and where needed to guide to the nest subdivision or class. 

Needs. Needs noted in the last report under " Ventilation and 
ceilings " are still urgent. Electric lights should be provided in 
the upper rooms of the law library ; north stack ; room 45N* ; up- 
per east and west galleries of the main reading room; west gal- 
lery 44* ; room 65 ; toilet rooms in 32A and 34A and small room 
oflf north gallery 35^, 

Electric pumps to supply the library and western staircase ele- 
vators evenings and holidays when the steam pumps are not run- 
ning, should also be supplied as recommended in previous reports. 

To provide in part for current additions we should, so far as 
practicable, shelve all available wall space, widen gallery 45S' 
and shelve the room thus formed, similar to 45N*, to relieve the 
present overcrowding in class 600, useful arts. The new card 
catalogue case for room 35, plans for which were drawn in 1896, 
should be no longer postponed. The drawers in the present case, 
within moderately convenient reach, have already been utilized 
and there is no room to spread cards for easier consultation, to 
insert needed guides, cards for home education and thousands of 
printed cards which still wait permanent arrangement. 

A large consolidated general letter file is also seriously needed. 
At present for lack of it each library department has separate 
current files with old correspondence in various alphabets very 
difficult to consult. Our rapid growth thus forces reorganiza- 
tion and enlarged or improved appliances if we are to accomplish 


EKI'OET 0¥ DIEECTOB 1899 59 

the maximum for the state with the staff at our diaposal. Labor- 
saving devices and methods are much more economical than an 
enlarged staff otherwise necessary. Had our appropriations not 
been so closely limited many additions which would save money in 
the end would have been made before this. 

New library building. The pressing need of a library build- 
ing was pointed out in state library reports ISOT, p. 9-13 and 
1898, p. 13-14 and grows eacli year more urgent. Unless met, 
it will involve the state in very serious loss, as the daily cost of 
administration grows larger in proportion as needed space is cur- 
tailed by our rapid growth which now requires nearly a linear mile 
of new shelving for the additions of each year. Tor convenient 
reference, action in the matter is briefly recorded here. 

Feb. 23, 1898 assembly bill no. 1005 entitled an Act author- 
izing the acquii-ing of a site for the slate library building was read 
once and referred to the committee on ways and means. This 
differs from that introduced in 1899 (see below) only in desig- 
nating the superintendent of public works, the capitol commis- 
sioner and the superintendent of public buildings as a board for 
acquiring the land, etc. 

On Dec. 18, 1S98 the regents minutes show this action: 

Kegent Sexton reported that the committee met December 15, 
and discussed the necessities for a new building to provide for the 
rapidly growing mass of books boxed up for lack of shelf room. 
On its recommendation 

Voted, That a committee of three be appointed by the chan- 
cellor to confer with the governor elect on the educational inter- 
ests intrusted to the regents. 

The vice-chancellor, Regents Warren and Lord were so appointed. 

Jan. 24, 1S99 Mr McEwen introduced his bill a second time 
as follows and it was read once and referred to the committee on 

ways and means. 



An Act Authorizing tlie acquiring of a site for a state library building. 

i 1 Wlienever proper evidence sLall be fumisbed and deposited witb 
the commissioners of the land office of this state that the common 
council of the city of Albany has closed and discontinued that part of 
Congress street lying between Capitol place on the east and Swan 
street on the west, which the said common council are hereby authorized 
to do, and which being done by the said common council, the street 
80 closed shall become the property of the state and be Included In 
aod form a part of the lands hereinafter provided to l>e taiien as site for 
a state library building: the trustees of public buildings are bereljy con- 
stituted a board for the purpose of acquiring the lands and tenements 
in the block in the city of Albany bounded as follows: On the east by 
Capitol place, on the south by State street, ou the west by Swan street 
and on the north by Washington avenue, as a site for such library 

I 2 'Whenever that portion of Congress street described iu the pre- 
ceding section shall become closed and l>ecome the property of the 
state, the said board are hereby authorized to tal:e possession of said 
lands and tenements, and, if they can not agree with the owner or 
owners for the purchase thereof, they shall take such legal proceedings 
as the statutes of the state provide for the acquisition of private prop- 
erty for public uses, which land is hereby appropriated for the purpose 
of such site, and declared to be talien for public use. The said trustees 
of public buildings, shall serve as members of said board without com- 
pensation, but their disbursements and e^ipenses to be audited by the 
comptroller, shall be allowed and paid. 

{ 3 The sum of $400,000, or so much thereof, as may be necessary, is 
hereby appropriated for the purposes of this act, 

{ 4 This act shall take effect immediately. 

On Washington's birthday, 1899, a year from the day when the 
bill was first introduced, the following report was made : 

Pursuant to the direction embodied in -the resolution adopted 
by your honorable body [Assembly] on the 6th day of February, 
1899, viz : 

Resolved, That the superintendent of public buildings be and he Is 
■ hereby directed to ascertain and report to this bouse, witb all convenient 
speed, as to the adequacy of that portion of the state capitoi assigned 
to the use and occupancy of the state library, for its present needs and 
its probably future requirements. 

I hare ascertained and hereby respectfully report the following 

That the portion of the state capitoi used and occupied by the 
state library comprises 64:,553 square feet of floor surface, in ad- 



dition to coasiderable apace in the capitol corridors adjacent to 
said library used and occupied for the exhibition of Indian relics, 
hydraulic and electrical machinery, photographs of school build- 
ings, etc. 

From the fact that of the abovemeniioned 64,553 square feet 
of floor surface, 4000° square feet is devoted to the storage of 
books, in casfes, it is self-evident that there ia not sufficient shelf 
room for said books, and as I am informed and believe that these 
books are accumulating rapidly, it is fair to assume that some ar- 
rangements for their accommodation will have to be made in the 
very near future. 

It should be borne in mind that if the location of the state li- 
brary is changed from its present quarters, all the metal shelving, 
book cases, elaborate carving, and special appliances, extending, as 
they do, through two or more stories, with numerous galleries, 
must be removed and the regular floor levels of the building car- 
ried through the space they now occupy, to adapt those quarters 
to other purposes; and that but an inconsiderable proportion of 
such fixtures and appurtenances could be utilized elsewhere. 
Respectfully submitted 

H. H. Bendeb 

Sup't pvhlic buildings 

ImprovemeatB made. As noted on p. 53, running the west staii^ 
case elevator throughout the day has added greatly to efiicieney of 
library service and lessened noise in the main reading room. Bet- 
ter radiators replace the old in room 31. In the main reading 
rotmi the ledge of the case in the south end was widened to save 
wear of book bindings as well as to facilitate consultation of cyclo- 
pedias and other large reference books; tlie tops of the reading 
tables were refinished ; an oak case was made to hold the general 
indexes to periodicals, to save wear and render them more acces- 
sible; a new bookcase was also placed behind the sublibrarian's 
desk for his working collection, tlie top of the case to be used for 
consulting reference books. A vise and stand for holding oversize 
books was also provided for the gilder, 

aThlB refers to tlie books boxed up In cases lu the basement and It 
falls to mention those stored over the assembly chamber aud In other 
parts of the attic story. Altogether there are now more than 150,000 v»l- 
nmes nailed up and Inaccessible for lack of shelf room. 



Fireproof safe. The capitol walls are so massive that wo have 
no fear of iire except as it might burn out individual rooms fin- 
ished in wood. Hundreds of thousands of feet of oak have been 
used in shelving and interior finish, and in spite of careful instal- 
lation of electric wires, we can not avoid the fear that some day 
this woodwork in some room will be accidentally set on fire and 
priceless material destroyed. The scientific explanation of how 
the fire occurred may be perfect, but the fact that rats or mice 
gnawed off insulation or that workmen accidentally broke it with 
their saws (as has happened a score 6i times in the past dozen 
years) might tell how it happened, but would not replace our lost 
treasures. Till ive have a fireproof building, free from this dan- 
ger, we must take the chances with ordinary books; but we have 
various treasures so costly that their destruction would cause 
serious criticism of the regents as trustees for not insisting on bet- 
ter protection than is now available, e. g. an autograph collector 
recently declared that our autographs of the signers of the declara- 
tion of independence were worth $20,000, In our manuscript 
room are collections which have cost the state vast sums and which 
money could not replace, yet there is no place to keep them except 
a room honeycombed with oak and interlaced with electric wires. 

There are two solutions for adequate protection till the new 
building is ready : we may buy a large iron safe for the smallest 
and most costly collections; or better, take some small room, pos- 
sibly in the basement if dampness can be thoroughly protected 
against (as it could be by making double walls with ventilation) 
and make a room strictly fireproof, without electric wires and large 
enough to hold all the rarities. A basement room would prac- 
tically shut them off from public inspection, thougli they could be 
reached for occasional use. In the northwest pavilion it would 
be possible to make at comparatively small cost a fireproof room 
with ample daylight, open to visitors and yet safe from fire. From 
year to year other pressing needs have led us to defer this request, 
but we ought not to go longer without a large fireproof safe or fire- 



proof room. For lack of it we are liable to lose valuable gifts that 
would be put in our custody except for fear of fire. 

Care of rooms. During Gov. Flower's administration attention 
was called to the frequent losses in the state library and the sub- 
ject was carefully considered by the superintendent of public 
buildings, representatives of the r«gentB and the governor. It 
was found that the peculiar character of a great library was recog- 
nized the world over in unusual safeguards. In colleges and uni- 
versities, where many janitors and cleaners have access to all or- 
dinary rooms, it is customary to set apart the library as distinct, 
with locks to which there are few beys and none in the hands of 
the ordinary janitorial force. In other words, the library in its 
nature is a great safe for storing many things of large pecuniary 
value, which could be easily removed if the rooms were treated like 
other parts of the buildings. The superintendent declared it im- 
possible for him or any one in his position with a great force con- 
stantly changing, many of the men coming from a distance and 
little known, to afford proper protection to the great collections 
of the library. Examination of cost by both systems made it clear 
that it would be economy to separate the library from the rest of 
the building and put its janitors under direct charge of the regents, 
who were responsible, as trustees, for safety of its property. As 
the rooms were so. connected that it was impracticable to lock off 
the regents office, and as the regents examinations themselves re- 
quired extreme vigilance, these were included with those trans- 
ferred from the superintendent. 

Experience has confirmed the wisdom of the- action. At less 
cost we have secured better results and there has been marked im- 
provement since access to the library has been so closely limited. 
The old locks were removed and at present there are only four 
keys, one for the head janitor, one for the night watchman, one 
carefully locked in the building for emergencies and one held by 
the director. Not even the senior librarians have a key to the 
rooms as either the janitor, night watchman or one of the staff is 



on duty and responsible for every person who passes the doors at 
any hour. Without this absolute control of the rooms, it would 
be simply impossible to afford proper protection to the many costly 
books in our great collection. Under the old system, losses were 
not due to lack of interest on the part of persons who had teys^ 
but to lack of appreciation of the dangers. Some visitor to grat- 
ify a laudable curiosity woulif ask to have the doors unlocked and 
to be admitted for a few minutes to see the library. Both visitor 
and janitor were perfectly trustworthy, but through the door thus 
opened sneak thieves, who have caused so much trouble in this 
building, would slip in and secreting themselves in alcoves or 
small rooms ^^'ould have opportunity for petty thefts. Fortunately 
we had no very large losses, but the new system relieves most of 
this difficulty. 

As we review the year we find that we are sharing the experi- 
ence of all active great libraries. Each year we feel the pressure 
both for more room, a larger staff to meet the reasonable demands 
made on us, and for more books, because more books are printed 
than ever before and people insist as never before on liaving what 
tliey wish and need and will not be put off with some substitute 
printed perhaps years before the book they really want to see. 
Experience has proved that it pays to assist readers in a way not 
thought of a generation ago and the patrons of tlie state library 
naturally demand such assistance. All this adds to neoessary ex- 
penses ; but, on the other hand, the extent and spirit of the service 
given calls out warm public appreciation of the large practical" 
returns from taxpayers' money wisely and economically expended 
on what is becoming more truly each year the real people's 

KespectfuUy submitted 

Mei.vil Dewey 



Appendix i 














Bought from regular agents 

1 301 




Bought from other sovircee. 


S 558 




s e5a 
1 lie 






Total Tolumes not bDocht 

5 601 




TotKl volnmu added 

11 159 



1 lis 


318 88S 

310 BS9 


Pamphlets bought 

Pamphlets given 

Pamphlets hj exchange . . 

a Total pamphlets received ,, 

B Bindery 

Volumes bound 

Talus <rf new binding . . 

Value of other work 

Value of repairing mss.. 


tIM 16 

SO 47 


(181 70 



(101 10 

«R06 6a 

$31B TS 

SI 58 oe- 

Cards added to catalogue 

10 aio 

a 769 
8 591 


1 818 


1 087 


1 084 

9 650 



TlOm, BDIDBRY AND CARDS 1 OCT. 18118-30 SEP. 1809 






































" "73 



■ "iis 













t oafi 


1 CMS 

1 08S 

1 04B 

238 188 



»1 5ST 

389 S17 


326 058 

330 107 

327 148 

338 020 

339 003 











1 MS 

■ B37 



S 104 





$196 46 

49 90 


1184 90 

67 88 

181 185 108 

1198 10 tt337 06 |182 06 

74 60 65 06 73 88 

186 194 

1308 60 «308 05 

71 28 89 89 


$313 70 

06 93 


|as7 es |t8» 11 lasB as 

SB74 88 taOZ ft4 




1 211 

1 869 


1 160 

1 716 

1 538 




■ MS 


1 oa* 


t 814 

S 787 












- :~- :..- .sn 

S ii Si 


I Bl IS 








i IS :i 






,. Google 



Tb<8 Cable fltaowsladdltloaB made to booka and catalogueB In eacli aubject and will serrs for 
eompBTlBOD rroin ;ear to year. 


DlvlslonB or 

a TolnmeB 







6 Cost 







General worka 


Library economy. . . . 



8 6»5 




S 000 

1 381 

1 272 

2 848 




(374 77 
11 04 

68 68 

"283' 98 
14 84 

25 10 

82 80 

$95 28 

Is 78 

5 .. 


1 88 
130 05 


4 678 




Book rarities 


19 761 

1 111 

»6eo 06 

SS04 75 

e 573 









$2 64 

1 84 



38 63 

4 61 


$13 70 

■■■ e'so 





1 380 




Special met. topics . . 
Mind and body 




Ancient philosophy.. 
Modern philoropliy, . 


« 164 


1 284 

I 270 
1 134 
1 788 

3 543 




$64 16 
8 10 

40 BB 
173 45 
4 46 
iJ3 13 
10 84 
46 80 
80 97 
74 66 

S43 SS 

a S3a 

Rail "on 

4 40 


■■"8 64 
1 85 


1 843 
1 633 
] 661 

1 589 

3 902 



Bible ::.... 






Religious history . . . 






Ssi« 50 

S0» 34 


1 184 
5 788 

4 437 
13 801 

8 930 
3 616 

5 660 
1 487 


1 241 


$91 29 
164 41 
120 09 
3 885 18 
65 58 
154 68 
198 30 
29 84 
46 40 

$68 62 
10 61 

126 08 

962 16 
IB 20 
16 06 
68 46 
16 20 
8 68 

1 837 
8 116 
1 364 
1 595 
1 753 
8 68B 
1 175 



Political economy . . . 


Administration .... , 



300 Total 



'3 IflO 88 

n 377 83 

16 10T 

1 501 

b Computed f roni the s 
■eta lieued <□ partn. 



DlTiaton of 













1 068 






fU 66 

1 147 



(14 97 
4 80 





82 82 
12 40 
8 10 
18 98 



18 80 



Minor languages. 


9 961 


S1S1 4S 

133 80 

3 081 

Katural acience 



8 033 
1 06B 
1 101 


a 017 




I 910 




1118 38 


16 42 
838 80 
12 68 
86 .. 
51 81 
86 77 
868 81 

119 98 
2 .. 
13 94 
27 4B 
6 88 
88 IS 
11 40 
176 Si 

1 288 

1 886 

2 469 













la 8B« 


(910 <9 

1335 43 

10 340 




6 967 

B 27B 

3 886 

3 968 







»18 98 
268 96 
880 60 
116 89 
4S 33 
26 60 
103 09 
7 40 
18 20 
81 85 

$7 88 

733 23 

41 10 

8 46 

"ii '.'.' 

13 80 
5 .. 


5 888 

1 286 

1 818 







■^ 67 




Domestic economy. . . 

Uechanical tradea... 



an AT8 

1 S5B 



10 631 



$73 08 


810 12 

66 69 

83 88 
118 88 

87 67 

6 86 

107 B8 

76 96 

40 46 





Landscape gardening 






Photography ...... 

5 10 
11 00 

6 70 





3 S9S 


J877 06 

688 06 

3 041 

ot locluding Tolumee Id th 
Dinputed Irom the Bcceido 





38, or tb* trs 
QCluds coat o 



1 Google 


a TolumM 























1 616 





♦87 86 
lis 69 
860 88 
64 SS 
87 84 
3S 78 
• 36 06 
100 65 
16 38 

8 18 
3 .. 
6 63 

4 471 
4 783 







in : 


or languages 


13 »QB 

1 188 

IS 114 

13 878 





8 776 












|S»8 69 




838 8! 
1 6S8 90 
S3 iS 
966 66 
193 36 
30 S4 
474 07 
3 18 
11 48 

$33 40 
79 31 
180 S8 

■ MSi 
6 .. 



8 016 

n 205 


8 733 



6 486 




e»phy — 

1 162 








North America. . 
Soutb America. . 







a 419 

tS 8»B US 

$387 58 

18 aie 

a Mot tncludlQE volumes la 

b Computed from the B 

t ef Ht* luned in pkrti. 











83?|S|ll.Si I 

.,,, —t, I i 

Is 2 S S i I; 1 1 



































1 S81 

























800 Sociology . 













1 MB 











600 Useful arte 














■JOU Fine arte. . 














800 Literature. 













4 Stl 













3 633 

Tot»l 1899 




84 n 

i4 8ia 

1 «7f 

1 li«l 

1 «7W 

1 WM 

1 flW 

1 62411 241 

1 lu 




13 881 


1 1rt4 

1 1MH 

1 fiW 


14 209 






1 (M( 

1 IHl 

1 103 





10 807 



1 211 

1 0B4 

I m 

1 RU 

1 44f) 

1 Ih'i 

1 OKI 




i2 187 


1 144 


1 10(1 

1 KHC 

1 aw 

1 4M 

J !t4} 

1 Hfi'; 

1 m 




12 8SB 


















8 088 














6 176 










2 491 

2 S67 

1 751 

1 263 

1 734 

1 677 

1 521 







aOO Religion. ... 

1 856 

1 678 

1 304 

1 637 

1 907 

2 026 

1 949 

400 Philology . . . 





600 Science 

















800 Literature... 

a 641 

4 437 

8 762 

4 816 

4 250 

000 Histoiy 

1 826 

2 761 

2 603 

3 834 

8 498 



9 195 

IS 869 

18 187 

10 897 

14 309 

13 881 

14 618 
















: JSSBS- : 





; :gSigSgS 



: i rass- ; 








: .S :gggsS 



; -.-sssssE 










ggSSSS : 






:SS :82gSS 














-5 -^ ^ 0.(? 

S'" m ^ b 

■*-! rH 6J) tT 

.2 g" -S -^ 
S3 « rt 5 <i 



I. Pl'BMCATIONS 1 OCT. ieWt-80 SBF. 18M 

State Ubnuy 

Copl.. P.(i«. p^^ 

Annual report 1898, v. 81 (bound) 1 200 940 T5c 

Director's report 1898 (printed separately). 500 112 15c 
New York state library school summer 

course (Handbook 14) 2 500 32 3c 

Bibliography 15-17: 15 Huseia; 16 Nature 

study in primary schools ; 17 Biography 

of musicians 1 200 150 15c 

Bibliography 18: Best books of 1898 3 500 28 5c 

History 2 : Colonial records ; general entries 

V. 1, 1664-65 2 000 156 20c 

History 3 : Annotated list of manuscripts in 

New York state library 2 000 34 5c 

Legislation 10: Legislation by states 1898 2 000 170 25o 
Library school: Annual report 1898, v. 12 1 500 28 5c 

Home education department 

Annual report 1897, v. 5 (bound) 1 000 440 75c 

List of extension teachers (Circular 36) . .. 600 46 .... 

Study clubs (Handbook 10) 1 000 24 3e 

Extension publications (Extract from 

Handbook 6) 300 24 3c 


27 Report of public libraries division 1898 2 000 72 10c 

28 Beport of extension teaching division 

1898 2 000 30 5c 

30 Report of summer schools division 1899 1 000 48 5c 

Bpltaliuaea, containing bibliographies 

78 Curtis, Mrs J. K. Eomeo and Juliet. 1 500 32 5c 

79 Coriolanus 1 500 36 5e 

Reprints of syllabuses 37, 77, 65 5 800 108 



Oaple« Pi 
Travelitiff library /lading lists; annotated 

2 miscellaneous lists, 50 v. each 4 000 

Young people's library, list of 25 v 2 000 

List of 25 V. on education 1 000 

List of 51 V. on household economies 2 000 

Reprints of 14 miscellaneous lists, 5 young 
people's libraries and list on French his- 
tory 30 000 

Printing summary 1 Oct. 1896-80 Sep. 1888 
















Booka, bulletins and 



a 000 

18 200 



86 800 

16 900 




19 460 

85 201 
10 000 

28 000 

12 403 

Public libraries, traveling 

Library school 

Extension teaching, sum- 
mer schools, study clubs. . 

8 400 
15 200 


44 700 





60 200 

78 080 

46 080 
3 070 






92 661 


82 604 

Blank forma, not includ- 
ing itationeiy 

State library 

Public libraries, traveling 




88 100 

47 900 
2 400 


63 600 

180 800 
6 310 






87 600 

Extension teaching, sum- 
mer schools, study clubs.. 

4 000 


90 300 


128 790 


240 410 


135 500 








8 100 

23 000 

4 700 



6 740 

15 000 

6 600 

8 900 





4 700 

17 800 
8 600 




Extension teaching, sum- 
mer schools, study clubs.. 




30 240 



83 400 


86 600 

814 280 





English catalogue, 1890-97 

Kayser. Vollstaendiges buecher-Iexieon. 28 v. 

Proctor. Index to early printed books in the British musemu. 

International cyclopaedia. 15 v. 

Strand magazine, v. 1-14. 1891-97 

Nuova antologia. v. 1-144. 1866-96 

De gids. V. 1-62. 1837-98 

Victoria institute. Journal of transactions, v. 1-14. 1867-81 

Illustrated times weekly. 34 v. 1856-72 


INe-ivman, J : H : Works. 38 v. 
The friend, v. 1-12. Phil. 1829-39 
Tissot. Life of our Saviour Jesus Christ. 4 v. 
Muste Guimet. Annales. v. 1-17. 1880-89 


La science sociale. v. 1-26. 1886-98 

British and foreign state papers, v. 1-22. 1812-34 

Hardenbrook, Financial ?Tew York, pt 4 

Escriche. Diccionario razonado de legislacion y jurisprudencia. 

Paving and municipal engineering, v. 2-15. 1891-98 
United States naval institute. Papers and proceedings, v. 1-17. 

Ifeue bahnen. v. 1-7. 1890-96 
Teachei-s' aid. v. 1-20. 1885-95 
Cambridge university. Calendar. 1834-96 
Tommaseo & Bellini. Bizionario della lingua italiana. 4 v. in 8 



Encyklopaedie der uaturwissenschaften. v, 1-30 

Jahresberieht uber die fortachritte der reinen, phannaceutisohen 

und teclmischen chemie, physik, mineralogie imd geolii^e. 

V. 1-49. 1847-96 
Peraer. Etudes sur les graptolites de Boheme 
Scudder. Fossil insects of North America. 2 v. 
Missouri totanical garden. Annual report, v. 1-9. 1890-98 
Sargent. Silva of North America, v. 12 

Bolton. History of fungusses growing about Halifax. 4 v. in 2 
Zoologisch-botanist^e geaellsehaft in Wien. VerhandlungMi. 

V. 1^1. 1851-91 
Meigen. Systematiache beschreibung der bekannten europaeischen 

zweifiuegeligen insekten. 10 t. in 6 
Wiener entomolc^ische zeitung. v. 1-17. 1882-98 
Signoret. Essai sur les cochenilles 


New York state medical association. Transactions, v. 2-14. 

Saint Thomas's hospital, London. Eeports. New ser. v. 1-19. 

American association of obstetricians and gjTiecologists. Trana- 

actiona. v. 2-11. 1889-98 
Society of engineers. Transactions. 1860-95 
Cottage gardener, v. 1-66. 1849-82 
Royal agricultural society of England. JoumaL v. 13-53. 

Good house-keeping, v. 1-19. 1885-94 

Journal of the Society of chemical industry, v. 1-15. 1882-9© 
Quaritch. Facsimiles of historic or artistic book-binding 


Spemann. Das museum. 3 t. 
Kathews. Kenaissauce under the Yaloia 



ElwelL Architecture, furniture and interiors of Maryland and 

Virginia during the 18th century 
Correll. Portale und thueren 
Goury & Jones. Plana of the Alhambra. 2 v. 
Guimard. Le caatel Stranger 
ElwelL Colonial silverware 
British museum — Library. Illuminated manuscripts; text by 

G: r. Warner 
Blwell. Colonial furniture and interiors 
Musee francais. 4 v. 
Blanc. Masterpieces of Italian art. 10 v. 
PennelJ. Lithography and lithographer 
Ambros. Geschichte der musik. 5 v. 
Day. Kusio and musical instruments of sontbem India 
Encyclopaedia of sport, v. 2 


Brewer. World's best orations, v. 1-3 

Dryden. Works. 18 v. 

Gothe-jahrbuch. v. 1-19. 1880-98 

Codices e Vaticanis selecti. v. 1 

Plato. Codex Oxoniensia Clarkianus 39. 2 v. 

Pinart Becueil de cartes, plans et Tues 

Desceliers. Autotype facsimiles of 3 mappemondes. 4 v. 

Eevue areheologique. v. 33-58. 1860-73 

Society of antiquaries of Scotland. Proceedings, v. 13-31. 

Cambridge antiquarian society. Publications. 19 v. 1851-97 
Asiatic society of Bengal. Asiatick researches, v. 13-20 
Horse. American statesmen. 28 v. (Standard library ed.) 
Casanova. Memoirs. 12 v. 
Muntz. Leonardo da Vinci. 2 v, 
Egle. Pennsylvania genealogies 



Oliver, History of the island of Antigua, v. 3 

Strong. ITeraldry of Herefordshire 

Navy records society. Publications, v. 1-11. 1895-98 

Ashmole. Antiquities of Berkshire. 3 v. 

Hoare. Modem history of south Wiltshire. 6 v. 

Duncumb. History and antiquities of Hereford. 4 v. 

Historic society of Lancashire and Cheshire. Proceedings and 

papers, v. 1-37. 184S-85 
Cambrian journal. 11 v. 1854-64 
Revue retrospective, v. 1-28. 1885-98 

Soeiete de I'histoire de France. Publications. 153 v. 1839-96 
Royal Asiatic society of Great Britain and Ireland. Journal 

V. 1-47. 1833-95 
Memoires concernant I'histoire, etc. des Chinois. 16 v. 
Selections from tbe Calcutta review, v. 1-20 
Hopkins. Canada; an encyclopaedia of the country. 5 v. 
Thwaites. Jesuit relations, v. 27-42 
Lucas. Annals of the voyages of Nicolo and Antonio Zeno 


Nl Serials added to the aubtcription liat 1 Oct. 1898-80 Sep. 1899 

In geaenil tbe QraC volume of (be librarr's continuous set ia givea. 
American bankruptcy reports, v. 1. 1899 
American catholic historical research^, v. 5. 1888 
American genealogist, no. 1. Mar. 1899 
American historical magazine, v. 1. 1896 
American park and outdoor art association. Reports, v. 1. 

Annie sociale. v. 1. 1898 
Annotated titles in English history. 1898 
Archiv fuer eisenbahnwesen. v. 22. 1899 
Gli archivi della storia d'ltalia. v. 2. 1899 
Biological bulletin, v. 1. 1899 
Boletin de la libraria. v. 27. 1899 
Branson magazine of genealogies, no. 1. June 1898 



Cambridge antiquarian society. Proceedings, no. 20. 1860 

Publications. Octavo series, no. 1. 1851 

Quarto series, no. 1. 1840. 

Cambridge university. Calendar, 1896 

Catalogue et analyse des theses francaises et latines. 1897 

Congres international des accidents du travail et des assurances 
sociales. Bulletin, v. 1. 1890 

Le courrier du livre. v. 1. 1896 

DeutBche nradschau. v. 100. 1899 

Durham and TJ'orthumberland parish register society. Publica- 
tions, no. 1. 189S 

English catalogue ; monthly parts, v. 1. 1897 

EspCfflitory times, v. 9. 1897 

Finanz-archiv; zeitschrift fuer das gesamte fiuanzweeen. V. 16. 

Genealogical advertiser quarterly, no. 1. Mar. 1898 

De gids. V. 1. 1857 

Handbuch fuer das deutsche reich, v. 43. 1899 

Handbuch fuer das preuszische haus der abgeordueten. 1899 

Historia. no. 1. Nov. 1898 

Institute of social economics. Lecture bulletin, no. 1. Nov. 

International studio, no. 1. Mar. 1897 

Island review! v. 7. 1899 

Jahresbericht ueber die leistungen und fortsehritte auf dem ge- 
biete der neurologie und psychiatrie, v. 1. 1897 

Jahresbericht der geschichtswissenschaft. v. 20. 1897 

Journal of German philology, v, 1. 1897 

Keim and allied families, no, 1. Dee. 1898 

Lancashire parish register society. Publications, v. 1. 1898 

Library association record, v. 1. 1899 

Library world, no. 1. July 1898 

Mayflower descendant, v. 1. 1899 



Merck's archives, v. 1. 1809 

Missionary review, ser. 2. v. 12, 1899 

Missiesippi state historical society, PubKeations. v. 1. 1898 

Monatliche nachweise ueber den auswaertigen handel dea 

dentachen zoUgebiets. v. 8. 1899 
Municipal engineering, v. 2. 1S91 
Navy records society. Publications, v. 1. 1895 
New Brunswick magazine, v. 2, 1899 
Northwest, v. 1. 1883 
Nuova antologia. v. 1. 1866 
Old Eliot. V. 1. no. 9 
Old Ipswich. V. 1. 1899 
Photo-miDiatnre. no. 1. Ap. 1899 
Politisches jahrbuch der schweizerischen eidgenossenschaft. v. 1. 

Progressive medicine, no. 1. Mar. 1899 
Protestant episcopal almanac and parochial list. v. 41. 1895 
Psychiater, v. 1. 1899 

Questions diplomatiques et coloniales. v. 1. 1897 
Revue rgtroepective. v. 1. 1884 
St Nicholas, v. 26. 1898 
Science sociale. v. 1. 1886 
Scots revised reports, v. 1. 1898 
Scottish record society. Publications, no. 1. 1898 
Shropshire parish register society, no. 1. Dec. 1898 
Staats- und socialwissenscliaftliche forschungen. v. 1. 1879 
Uber land imd meer. v. 79. 1897 
TJ. S. — Copyright, Register of. Catalogue o£ title entries of 

books. V. 18. 1899 
Vierteljabrshefte zur statistik des deutschen reichs. v. 8. 1899 
Volkswirthschaftliche mittheilungen aus Ungarn. v. 1. 1899 
Wiener entomologische zeitung. v. 1. 1SS2 
Youth's companion, v. 69. 1895 
Zeitschrift fuer buecherfreunde. v. 1. 1897 


f BIBECTOE 1899 

N S Seriala no long«r pubUsh«ct, dropp«d firam tha vubacription list 
London society 

American book lore 

American historical register 

American medico-surgical bulletin 

American quarterly economist 

Archives de physiologic normale 



Cycle monthly 


TCnglieh historical reprints 

Half moon series 

Index medicus 

Legal news 

Michigan law journal 
Hodern art magazine 
Ahmicipality and county 
Porter leaflets 
Kevue des sciences medicales 

en Franc© 
Kosenherger's law monthly 
Science prioress 

Twentieth century monthly 
Union medicale 
Zoological bulletin 











State library 
SRlaries and 



Medical Ubrary 

Home education 

Salariee, ax- 

peneee. books 

SS87 63 

132 900 


$5 000 

26 000 
1 000 

IS 000 




IS 108 80 
1 188 49 


25 000 

as 000 

Library toi 

a BuUdiDg 
SaUries and 
ezpenBes. . . . 

7 857 18 

19 OU 76 

8842 43 


111 342 88 


$S8 000 

(118 468 56 

(8 069 80 

tea SCO 

<i Includes also care of admli 

b Tbis dllTen from balance reported last year because SZB 
balanco from borne education fees. 

cFor Item! sea table Tl. p.(G. 

dThere was also paid Sicn).99 from bome educatloD tees. 

■ Thera vai alio paid from oeademlc fund: 
•ISM.IS for lantcrnB and lonlem alldeB; a total of VT4aiAt. 

college, high achoot and I 

u added to the Bti 

Qoki; tiaSB.DB for plcturei; 




81 Bummtuy 1 Oct. 1898 — SOBep. 1869 

Authorised by laws of ISBS, ch. 878, 1 18, 47-19; lawa of 1»», eh. MI, | lU, in, ITl 


Balance from 

BeceipU for 

Paid out In 



Home education fees 

$IS4 fiO 

8 570 84 

758 86 

1 109 .. 


4 439 48 

2 7»0 .. 

«01 OS 

$1 353 67 

988 08 

3 S78 69 

250 ., 

$300 63 

Library school 

OiftB and depoBitB 

1 375 17 
1 460 06 

S5 saa 70 

19 178 54 


82 BeceiptB; by years 1 Oct. 1893 — 80 Sep. 1899 

Authorized br laws or IBfll, ch. STS, S It, i7-i»; lairs of ISK, ch. Ml, | IIS. in, 174. 







Home eduoation.. 


Library school... 

9190 .. 

1 475 04 

1 465 86 


IT88 66 
4 517 7S 
1 635 68 

|1 034 50 
8 824 97 
1 965 67 

|1 886 48 

4 064 09 
1 800 .. 

$1 888 BO 

7 538 87 
1 688 .. 

|1 859 .. 
4 435 48 
3790 .. 

13 BSO 40 

16 8S1 98 


17 040 44 

110 OOO 37 

a Chtefly from sales ot University publications. 



55 .S : :a igs 
liSs ■§ '■ is iS" 






TS Analyzed expenditorea ; by ye&ra 1 Oct. 1804-30 Sep. 1889 

This table ia made trom bllU actually audited during tbe fiscal year by the coutrotlsr. 
It cao uerer eiactly agree nilh tables or coat of baoks in bibliographic statlatics (p. 09) 
made by (ootlng cost of each volume as acceBslousd. II all bills wore paid beFore mldnlgbt 
of aept«mber SO, strictly within the fiscal rear there would be a wide discrepancy. Certain 
books are issued in parts during a period of years. WheD tbe volume <e bound its cost as 
entered Includsa binding and cost of pariis paid for In perhaps 10 difTerent fiscal years , 
Theee two aecesaary accouota, while running largely parallel must dtlTer. The duo to check 
flnanclal operations must be takon from tbe financial records of the fiscal year; tbe other to 
show bibliographic growth and cost can be kept only by anaiyzmg the books as they are 
otBelally eatered. 

189S 18M leOT 1398 1899 

Books %S923S5 $8 320 OS $6 983 08 (S 7t)7 58 $11259 00 

Serials 2 415 69 2 123 30 2 146 84 2 650 09 2 94101 

aBindlng 4 317 66 4 6G8 G8 6 872 08 6 024 10 S 683 88 

116 656 60 $16 00194 (15 000.. $17 412 87 $19 879 24 

FittingB (1 001 OS '*1 207 08 ~$70F70 $848 95 *$ri5rm 

Supplies 768 87 65 23 335 90 73 41 338 69 

Printing 878 78 198 69 867 69 951 . . 668 58 

Travel.. 88 64 619 50 153 11 108 19 

Bepaire 524 98 70 05 24 18 

Inoidentala 1172 90 9116 11191 24 93 

$2 870 45 $1 627 15 $2 163 78 $2 060 42 $2 353 64 

. $31 855 46 i^mvj ^mTi ^445 27 ^TisTTs 

Total (seTSaSO (3895446 ISO 971 38 14690800 cS4» 6 


MSH 1897 1B9S 1899 

Books $3 170 40 $1 lOe 64 $618 62 $118 96 

FitttogH 118-75 

SerialB «22 91 1 004 46 778 01 689 29 

BiDding 86 68 196 64 108 26 

Satariea 1600.. 1600.. 1000 

Total M 318 06 >3 69967 $S 48> ST >8ei £1 


$6 mo 09 $S 887 40 $8 681 06 d$6 8S6 85 

$860 74 $1438 26 $268 60 

88 98 29 B9 

iting 916 01 428 IS 740 93 848 95 $880 90 

Fittiags $004 14 $800 74 $1438 26 $208 

Snpplfes 48 96 88 98 29 B9 

p^,,__ - - 

aincludes salarlas, amount paid to slider and outside binder, also oost of hlndinj 
ft The first special (^jproprlation for the raed leal library became avatlable Oct. 
oOf tills >I0tS.99 was paid from home education fees. 

dThere was also paid from academic fund: (1900.83 tor boohs; t3B^.03 (c 
tl9M.08 (or lanterns and lantern slidesi a total of 9T4M.49. 




ISSS 18M im ISM 

480 80 879 98 611 41 4S0 S6 


2fie 82 SIB 70 S39 38 698 09 

tS 805 S3 |2 071 48 (3 284 21 (9 181 48 

Salariee |S 188 OS fT 084 .. |8 971 09 tH 433 59 

tl 617 49 
118403 84 

tlS 838 9S %U 354 61 $34 636 68 $38 198 89 

...tSft 065 63 $30 803 S« t*3 H 

r 81 £M«8»»70 150 000.. 

e educallon depart- 

Fittmga $008 17 $4 664 73 $6 006 89 

SappUes 188 76 188 07 963 68 

Beiuin 846 79 '599 80 1329 36 

InoidentalB 104 81 313 07 810 86 

Salariee 5 913 77 7 138 76 8 985 88 

Total IT 049 It %X» 0«8 40 %1J 3 

TS Book*, aeriala, binding, pictures, lanterns and Untem 
1 Oct. lBd8 — 80 Sep. 1899 

$6 036 18 

4Wi 74 

9 084 24 

166 38 

10 861 43 

110 oi4't« 





tem HUdM 


State Ubrary. . .. 
Medical Ubrary 

tU 365 90 
118 06 

ta 941 01 
689 39 

15 683 88 
1118 36 

$10 879 24 

111 874 86 

$8 681)80 

16 786 60 

$30 740 76 

16 856 85 
1 969 88 

$6 866 86 

(8 639 08 

41996 08 

$6 836 18 

$3 539 08 

$1 996 08 

$14 861 84 

$90 aoi 04 

|5 TSB 50 

%a aao os 

|i see OS 



1 Ocr. IBM. 

30 SEP 




















$794 08 
613 78 
600 60 
877 14 



$898 89 
600 .. 
481 .. 
411 48 


$834 64 
634 .. 
681 84 



$816 .. 
666 88 
768 84 
881 60 


$788 60 
7118 68 
468 60 

A*araca total 


1034 7« 




1000 43 80 



•660 06 

slnelDdM alaoci 

e ot admlntatntdTo, college, high •chool and hame education depart- 





















































< 9 





a 2 










w a 



s- : 







on ; 













•* : 



















ran-* |0 

■| ■ 





TH Taoaaciea b? resigTiatioii, death, triuiafsr or leave of Rbunc* 

1 Oct. 1898-30 Sep. 1899 

Sarvice Hontblr 

Nome and positlaa besmD ended wlary 

U Harriet Alfarata Ghapmui, atenoffropAer.. 1 Ap 03 1 D 98 |69 
ih John Francis O'Brien, junior clerk (Build- 
ing dep't) 18 Jl 9S ID 98 SO 

I Herbert Baxter Spear, pa^e 10Hr»8 19Jafi9 SO 

iz Agnes Eennr, junior clerk 18 O 98 1 F 99 SO 

>- Elisabeth Parhhill Andrews, ataiatant 

(Home education dep't) 8Mr98 17 Mr 99 60 

<1 George Rogers Howell M.A. (Yale) 

archtwtl (Uanuscript division) 16 F 73 6 Ap 99 146 67 

1 Doris Scbleeiiiger Bookheim, acceition 

aerk aP»8 lMy99 60 

rE. Slanlej Frost, junior derk (Building 

dep't) 18 97 IMyOO 2B 

r Joseph UoDonald, porter (Building dep't). S5 Ja 97 1 My 09 40 

tn Har Ghilds Nemey, loan derk a8D96 lMr90 &S 

r Gertrude Matilda Harriagtoii, cleaner 

(Building dep't) 10 F 96 80 Je 99 86 

t»Anna Hendricks Rodgers, junior clerk 

(Library school).. S0F9S 1 Jl 99 40 

<* Oscar Frederick Budolph Treder, loan 

cUrk SeF96 IJl 99 60 

i Lottie WempIeDe Nike, cataloguer (Sotae 

education dep't). 4F9S S0B99 60 

Z 8TATC LIBRAHY AJID HOHE education staff and X1HFI.OYGBS 
1 OCT. 1S&9 

This table includes all employed for either whole or partial 
time, and for evening, holiday and vacation opening, in the state 
lihrary, home education department, bindery and also in the build- 
ing department. To ^ow fully the organization of tha library, 
names are repeated when the same persons are employed in more 
than one division. Under our standing rule each person works 
in different departments, or any piece of work is done by another 

• Appointed ilDce Sep. SO, 1898. 
dDleJAp. E,1SW. 

(fcTrangferred to home eduoatlon department, 
im TranBferred to oontrolier'fl olBoo. 
IxTransfeired to college and high ichrMl departments of UDlreraltr, 



dej)ftrtment than that to which it logically belongs if the result can 
be accomplished in this way either better, or more promptly or 
cheaply. The salary of each person is given under the depart- 
ment in which he is paid. In other places the name of this di- 
vision or department is inclosed in curves. The entire force ia 
seldom, if ever, on duty during any one month as we a^e forced 
to distribute our work to enable us to keep open double the usual 
ofSce hours each day including all holidays and vacations and also 
because under the law for giving needed help to libraries in this 
state we must often send members of our staff out for a few days 
or weeks to help organize new or reorganize old libraries. 

Appointments made since Sep. 30, 1898 are indicated by a star 
prefixed to the entry where the salary is given, and all promo- 
tions are shown in the right hand column. 

State library 

Executive department 

MoDthly utUrr lacreftse 
Appointed for IBW for ItOO 

12 D 88 Melvil Dewey M.A. (Amherst) Pal* »° 

director ^''™- ''^P'* * 

1 Ap 89 Walter Stanley Biscoe M. A. (Amherst) senior li- 
brarian (Catalogue and classification dep't) 

1 Ap 89 Florence Woodworth, director's as- 
sistant $150 

1 Ap 93 Harriet Alfarata Chapman, stenographer (Public li- 
braries division) 

AcceeBlou department 
1 Jl 9S Arthur Low Bailey B.L.S.(N".Y.) 

sublibrarian TO $10 

21 Ja 95 Helen Agnes Scopes, accession cleric (Traveling li- 
braries division) 
*'l Ap 99 Alice E. "Wbite, sub-accession cleric 20 10 

• Appointed Blace Sep. SO, 1696. 

aAppoinlAd In coUsKe uid high school dapBrtitt.eDti o( UDlverslty Jan. 24, IBOD. 
b B; dlrsctlou of regenta At meetlnK of June ST, 189 i, %aO» a ymr ia cbarced to Btate Ubnrjr 
u ui'ary ot director. 





lAp89 Walter Stanley Biseoe 1I.A. (Amherst) chairman 

(Catalogue and classification dcp't) 
1 Ap 89 Salome Cutler Jairchild (Mt Holyoke) B.L.S.(N.Y.) 

(Library scliool) 
1 Jl 83 Dunkin Van Eenaselaer Johnston M.A. (Hobart) 

(Iveferenee dep't) 
1 Ag 92 William Reed Eastman M. A. (Yale) B.I.S. (N.Y.) 

(Public libraries division) 
14 Jl 91 Martha Thome "VVheeler (Public libraries division) 


8 Je 68 Stephen B. Grisivold, in charge (Law division) 

1 O 93 Ellen Trances Sands, assistant (Law division) 

1 O 96 Z, Erancis Shafec, messenger (Law division) 

2 F 91 Martha Louise Phelps, assistant. . Pa^ in adm. dep't 

CatAlogiu and cUsslftcation departmmits 

Each of tba M itudenta In the Ubrary ictiool is required to do KO boun cnUloguiDg 
during ths two ye>rs course 

Monthly ealarr lacrPaBe 
for lam lorlSOO 

1 Ap 89 Walter Stanley Biseoe M. A.(Ain- 

herst) senior librarian $200 

1 Ap 89 Ada Alice Jones, head cataloguer 100 
14 Jl 91 Ada Bunnell B. L. S. ('N.Y.)head 

classifier 95 $5 

"1 Ag 92 Mary Louisa Sutliff, cataloguer. . 75 
*''22 Mr 99 Mary Floyd Williams, assistant. . 75 

1 O 94 Jenny Lind Chriatman B.S. 
(Iowa agric.) B.L.S. (N.Y.) 
cataloguer in charge of serials 
and binding 60 

1 O 92 Charlotte Sophia Fearey, cata- 
loguer 60 

1 Ja 94 Minnie Emma Eudd, catalogue 

curator 60 

* Appointed glnceSep. 80, 1898. 

a Appolnt«d In oollege and bigb gcbool depsrtmenta of Univeraitj' June 8, 1311. 

frPBTllkl time. 

, Coogic 


Uonthlr wliu'r Im)reft«« 
Appotnt«d for 1S99 [or 19CK> 

•"12 Je 99 Frederick William Ashley M. A. 

(Adalbert) assistant $60 

*"22 Mr 99 Faith Edith Smith Ph. E.(Korth- 

westem) assistant 50 

*''22 Mr 99 I'lorence Augusta PainD, assistant 50 
6 Mr 94 Martha Healey Vane, sub-cata- 
loguer 40 


27 N 93 Mary Ellis, indexer (Public libraries division) 
4 Ja 97 Elizabeth Gilbert, junior clerk (Public libraries di- 

Beference and loan departmenta 
Llbraly BChool students naslst In reFerenus work. 

1 JI 83 Dunkin Van Rensselaer Johnston 
M. A. (Hobart) reference li- 

brarmn 166 67 

15 Ap 89 Judson Toll Jennings, sttbli- 
brarian in charge of main read- 
ing room and loans ^100 

H O 97 Henry Hirschfeld, junior clerk . . 40 
30Ap98 Ellis Judd Staley, junior cleric (Building dep't) 
*11 Ap 99 Borden Hicks Mills, junior clerk 20 
18 Mr 96 Louise Maynard Boutelle, loan 

clerk 35 $5 

4 Ja 97 Elizabeth Gilbert, substitute (Public libraries di- 
1 O 98 Gertrude Eobinson Galieensteiu, substitute (Medicine 

■ Appointed slDce Btp. 30, 18S9. 

a Partial time. 

b Appointed In college and higb ichool department* ol UclTsraltr reb. B8, ISKk 

« InoNaie in July ISW. 



Binding deputmmit 

Houthlr lalKTir Incraeia 

^ppolnMd for 18m for IMO 

1 Jl 83 Dunkiu Van Eeusselaer JolinBton K. A. (Hobart) tn 

charge (Reference dep't) 
1 Jl 98 Arthur Low Bailey B. L. S. (N.Y.) sublibrarian (Ao- 

1 dep't) 

9 Je 90 Walter Koclie, for 
13 N 90 Herman Henry de Rouville, for- 
warder 50 $10 

6 Ap 91 James Vandenburg de Rouville, 

gilder and letterer ' 

5 F 95 Anna Mary Bums, sewer 25 

*20 O 98 Anna Elizabeth Godley, apprevr 

lice 12 3 

^20 O 98 Arthur Dudley Mills jr, appren- 
tice 12 3 

Shelf department 
1 Ap 89 Florence Woodworth, in charge (Executive dep't) 
1 Mr 94 Anna Belle Sennett, shelf lister. . 50 

"26 N 96 Mabel Louise Thompson, 8W&-sAeif 

lister 35 8 

29 O 94 George Thurston Waterman, sAel/' 

clerk 50 

24 F 96 Joseph Gavit, sub-shelf clerk 40 

IiAw dlTialon 
8 Je68 Stephen B. Griswold, law li- 
brarian 175 

*8 J© 99 Phineos Lawrence Windsor Ph. B. 

(N'orth western) assistant .... 60 

""l O 92 Ellen Frances Sands, ossisiani. .. 45 5 

* AppoiuMd since Sep. 30, 1898. 

a Appointed Id college and blgli loliool depHrtmcnte ot University Her. K, ISW. 
b " " " " Juljll, 1808. 

e Paid bf piece, tl068.S3. 



Uontbly salaiy Incmue 
Appointed tor 1899 lor 1«X> 

"1 O 96 Z. Francis Shafer, messenger. . . . $45 $5 

*! O 95 Howard Alexander La Moure, 

junior clerh 40 

2 Ag &4 Martin Frank Lynch, messenger (Building dep't) 
Uastucript divialon 
*12 Je 99 Arnold Johan Ferdinand van Laer 
C. E. (Polytechnic, Delft, Hol- 
land) avhlihrarian 60 

Soclolt^y dlviflton 
*6 98 Eobert Harvey Whitten Ph.D. 

(Columbia) sublibrarian 75 25 

Uedlcine division 
1 Ap 89 Walter Stanley Biscoe M. A. (Amherst) librarian 
(Catalogue and classification dep't) 
*'l O 98 Gertrude Kobinson Galicenstein, 

sub-cataloguer 25 10 

Edumtion dlvialon 

1 Ap 89 May Seymour B. A. (Smith) 

librarian P*'** "» a<i™- ^^P't 

2 F 9X Martha Louise Phelps, assistant. Paid in adm. dep't 
21Ag93 Agnes E. Flinn, sub-cataloguer.. Paid in adm. dep't 
13 Jl 98 Eugenia Eleanor Close, junior 

clerh P^^** '" ^*^'"- <l^P't 

Histoiy dlvialon 

3 Jl 96 Charles AllcottFlaggB. A. (Bow- 

doin) B.L.S. (N.Y.) stihli- 

brarian 75 10 

*5 O 98 Herbert McKnight B. L. (Cor- 
nell) assistant ""SO 

* Appointed since Sep. 80, 1896. 

a Appointed In bulldigg dnp&rtmeat of UniferBlt; June 1, IBM. 
b Partial time; appointed In bulldlne department ol Unlveralty July 36, 18M. 
e AppoiDted In college and high achool departments of UnlTerslty Oct. 15, 18«. 
» In April 18W. 



Woman's libnur 

HDntUv laUuT laureasa 

ApiK^t«d for leW tor l«00 

1 Ap 89 riorence Woodworth, m charge (Executive dep't) 

Home education 
12 D 88 Helvil Dewey M. A. (Amherst) 

director ^^^^ '^ ^^o"- ^«P'* 

Public librariw divuioa 
1 Ag 92 William Heed Eastman M. A. 

(Yale) B.L.S. (N.Y.) inspector $200 
14 Jl 91 Martha Thome Wheeler, selection 

and annotation 90 $5 

27 N93 Mary EUia, iWcawr 65 5 

1 Jl 98 William Burt Cook jr. B. A (Cor- 
nell) assistant 60 5 

°1 Ap 93 Harriet Alfarata Chapman, ste- 

nographer 60 

*15 F 99 Jennie Dorcas Fellows, cataloguer 60 
"1 S 96 Nellie Sand Mesiok, junior cleric. 40 5 

4 Ja 97 Elizabeth Gilbert, junior clerk. . . 35 5 

20 F 96 Elizabeth Belle Wolaton, junior 

elerk 38 5 

Traveling Ubrariea and plctorM division 
1 N 92 Myrtilla Avery B. A. (Wellesley) 
B.L.S. (N.Y.) director's assist- 
ant 125 25 

16 Ag 97 Anna Louise Morse B. A. (Smith) 

assistant 75 

'1 Ag 96 E. May Greenman, assistant .... 45 10 

21 Ja 95 Helen Agnes Scopes, accession 

clerk 40 5 

* Appointed BlDce Eep. SO, 1896. 

oAppOintedincoUeBeandhtghBcbooldepvtmeDUaC UnlToreltr Aug. ir, 18«I. 
ft " ■• " " July B, law. 

e " '. •' " Mar. SB, IBOS. 



U011II1I7 salary iDcreaas 

AlipolDted (or 16Se for 1900 

"1 O 97 Elisa Elaie Van, junior clerk. . .'. $30 $5 

^1 Jl 98 Margaret O'Brien, junior clerh. . '25 
25 Je 98 Grace Husted Mimsell, junior 

clerk '30 

22 D 93 Gerald Griffin, page 40 

*'l D 98 John Francis O'Brien, junior 

clerh 20 10 

30 Ja 94 John Dulyea Nichols, porter 
(Building dep't) 

Capitol library 
14 Jl 91 Hartha Thome Wheeler, in charge (Public libraries 

Library for the Blind 

1 Ap 89 Salome Cutler Fairchild (Mt Holyoke) B.L.S.(KT.) 

in charge (Library school) 

22 Mr 99 Florence Augusta Paine, assistant (Catalogue dep't) 

Cblldmi'B library 

Hefarenca vrorh la done b; librarr Bchool Btudenta specializing Id children 'a work. 

1 Ap 89 Salome Cutler Fairchild (Mt Holyoke) B.L.S.(N.Y.) 
in charge (Library school) 
14 Jl 91 Martha Thorne Wheeler (Public libraries division) 
Library school 


13 D 88 Melvil Dewey M. A. (Amherst) director. Library 

■'1 Ap 89 Salome Cutler Fairchild (Mt Holyoke) B.L.S.(N.T.) 
vice-director. Cataloguing, loan department, selec- 
tion of books, children's departs """^'^alf'- ^"^55?^ 
ment $125 $35 

• Appointed alnce Sep. 30, 1898. 

a Appointed In college and higli school departments of UniTsi^ty Ap, 1, I89S. 
b " " " " Feb.B, 18B9. 

c " building department ot Unlveralty July 13, IBA8. 

dPaldlncoUegeandhighBChooldeptlrtmeDtBof UnlTerslty Ap. T, ISSB-Sep. So, KM, from 
Oct. 1 , 1S90 iu home education department. 
e Increase In April I8W. 




1 Ap 89 Florence Woodworth, direcior's assistant (Executive 

1 Ap 89 Walter Stanley Biscoe M.A. (Amherat) Bibliog- 
raphy, advanced classification, history of librarieB 
and printing (Catalt^e and classification dep't) 
1 Ap 89 Ada Alice Jones, secretary of faculty. Advanced 

cataloguing (Catalc^e dep't) 
1 Jl 83 Dunkin Van Rensselaer Johnston M.A (Hobart) 
Keference, bookbinding (Eeference dep't) 
1 Ap89 May Seymour B.A.- (Smith) Library printing and 
Edith Davenport Fuller. Dictionary cataloguing 
1 Ag92 William Beed Eastman M.A. (Yale) BX.S. (N.T.) 
Library buildings, founding and government (Pub- 
lic libraries division) 
14 Jl 91 Martha Thorne Wheeler. Indexing (Public libraries 

14 Jl 91 Ada Bunnell B.L.S. (N.T.) Elementary dasflifica- 
tion (Classification dep't) 


I Ag92 Mary Louisa Sutliff, instructor in cataloguing (Cata- 

logue dep't) 
22 Mr 99 Mary Floyd Williams, vice-director's assistant (Cata- 
logue dep't) 

forlBM ' tor [too 

II Jl 92 Minne Sennett, assistant ''$60 

1 Ag95 Grace Marie Frost, supply clerk. *35 $5 

*°1 O 98 Ruth Eemper, junior clerk '■25 10 

• AppoiDUd ^n Say. tO, IMS. 

a Appoioted !■ ddlafe and Ugh ichool dapartments ot UnlToiltr Oct, 19, itK. 

h VHd trom UbnuT ■ohool tMi. 



Appointed " foflW ' for?^ 

1 X 92 Ifyrtilla Avery B.A. (Wellesley) BX.S. (N.Y.) di- 

rpclof'x assistant (Traveling libraries division) 
"1 Ap 95 Graei? Liilian Betteridge, assistant '$75 
**3 O 98 Robert Kendall Shaw B.A. 

(Harvard) assistant fiO 

*''l O 98 ifareolla Mari- Brennan, junior 

clerk .10- $^ 

Building departin*nt 

Inoludw ftUo cara oE ndaiinlstTattre. college aad ht^h lotioot departmeat*. 

15 D 93 Harrison Marvin, janitor 75 

13 Je 97 Samuel Junius Abbott, watchman 60 

28 Mr 95 William Began, elevator nwm . . 
13 I) 90 John McDonaJd, page 

2 Ag 94 Martin Frank Lyneli, messenger. . 40 
30Ap98 Ellis Judd Staley, junior clerk.. 25 
26 Jft 98 Lyman Henry Ilurd, messengei 


] 5 D 93 Isaac Abrams 

20 Ja 94 John Biilyea Nichols 


2 My 98 James Straney 

24 F 98 Thomas Murray 

2 S 98 Arthur Joseph Smitli 

*0 Mr 99 Frederick Reid Gnardinecr. 



27 Ap 98 Helen Mary MelEnrray . . 
15 D 93 Elizabeth Bassett 



Houthly wlUT 

Appointed for IRW 

18 A« 96 Mary Elizabeth Eeacli $25 

26 O 96 Mary Bulger 25 

15 D 93 Mary Cronherry 25 

15 X) 93 Mary Higgins 25 

15 D 93 Julia Hurley 25 

25 Ja 97 Emma loiilin 25 

15 D 93 Alice Lamb 25 

29 Je 97 Isabella Soden 25 




The superior figures tell tiio exact place on tlie page In nintbs; e. g. 84' 
means page 84. beginning in the third nintli of the page, i. e. alx>ut one 
third of the way down. 

Academic fund, grants for books, pic- 
tures, lanterns and slides, B3*, 85, 

Adams, H. B., on fxiture of state lib- 
raiy, 2T'-28'. 

Additions, to capitol library, 35'; du- 
plicates, 13*, 41*, 08; toedueation di- 
vision, 32'; to history diTision, 33"; 
important, to general library, 45'- 
46', 77'-80°; to law division, 2i', 41'; 
to medioino division, 31'; pamphlets, 
66"-67'i serials, 80'-82'; to sociology 
division, 27'; traveling libraries, 41'; 
tables: 41', 66'-72; by 10 classes, 
72; by 1(K> divisions, 60'-71'. See 
aUo Gifts. 

American local history, printed cata- 
logue of collection, 34'. 

Appropriations, table, 83*. 

Archivist, sketch ol G. R. Howell, 6'- 
6*; A. J. van Laer, 22'-23'. 

Balances, table, 83*. 

Best books of 1898, 9'. 

Bibliographies, O'-IO', 75', 75'; history 
division, 34'. 

Bibliography division, 38'-40'. 

Binding, expenditures, 8', 56', 86, 87; 
report on, 56'-57'; amount and cost, 
table, G6*-07'; account by size and 
material, 74. 

Blind, library for, 36'-38', 83'. 

Books, expenditures, 8', 72, 83*, 85-87; 
appropriations, 83*. See also Addi- 
tions; Duplicates; Volumes. 

Boston public library, department of 
documents and statistics, 30*. 

Building, needs, 58^-59'; new, 59=-81'; 
improvements made, CI'; protection, 
against fire, 02'-63'; care of rooms, 

Building department, salaries and ex- 
penses, 83", 85, 87*. " 

Bulletins, biblic^raphy, O'-lO*; library 
school, IC; publishing, 20*; of gene- 
alogy, 34'; list, 75". 

Calendars of historical manuscripts, 

Capitol library, 35'. 

Cards, printed, 47'-51"; for biblit^a- 
phr bulletins. a'-lV. 

Cards added to catalogue, 46'; 

tables; number and forms, 66'-67'; 
by 10 classes, 72; by 100 divisions, 
60'-71'; history division, 33'; medi- 
cine division, 31'; sociology division, 
27'i special collections, 42*. 

Cataloguing, progress, 46'-47'; 

tables; number of cards, e6'-67'; 
by 10 classes, 72; by 100 divisions, 

Children's library, 38'. 

Circulation, see Loans. 

Classes, additions by, tables, 68-72; 
loans by, 73. 

aassification, 52*. 

Clinton papers, 28'-27'. 

Documents, see State publications. 

Duplicate department, law authoriifc- 

Duplicates, ll'-13'; additions, 13', 41', 
68; account, 84', 84'. 

Education, list of b 

m, 10". 




Educati n IniHiuii J2 

hmp1oye«s wi stuff und pniploj-ees. 

Fiening ino of hbian 53"-5i'. 

Exchange iln Hion 11" 21*, 

Exchanf^H of N \ piiblicationij. 21'. 

Expendituiw 8~-0 Lla-*ified. 4r-42', 
72 table 8V ana\\ sis, H.j-87. 

Fms, S4. 

Finances, tables, 83'--H7, >i'»r al»o Ex- 

Fire, protection against, C2'-6.3. 

Fittings, expenditures, 8.T-87. 

Free librariei;, grants to, 87'. 

Freight and cartage, expenditures, 85, 

Frencli paitininentary documents, col- 
lection and indexing, Stf-^Sl'. 

OMUAloglc collection, 33*. 

Genealogy, bulletin of, 34'. 

Gifts, 43<-44'; to education diviaion, 
32'; to genei'al library, 41'; to law 
library, 22'; to medical librarj', 31'. 

Gifts and deposits, account, 84*, 84'. 

Government publications, arc State 

Grants to free libraries, 87'. 

Handbooka, lO"-!!'- 

History division, 33'-35'. ' 

Home education department, appro- 
priation, 93*; e.'Tpenditures, 8', 9*, 
83*, 85, Sfi'-S7*, S7*; fees, 84'; loans 
from, 55', 55'; publications. 7.i*-76'; 
receipts, 84'; volumes, 41'. 

Hours of opening. 54". 

Household economics, list of books, 


Howell, G. R.. sketch of life, 5'-6'. 

Incldentala, expenditures, S5-87. 

Indexes, uncompleted bibliographic 
work, 40*; Clinton papers, 2«'-27'; 
to comparative law and adminis- 
tration, 29'; mamiseript bibliogra- 
phies, SftWO* ; maps, 24' ; public 
documents, 28"-2!)'; University pub- 
lications, 51 '-.12". 

lAntenu) and slides, e^iH-nditures, 8', 
83*, 85, 87; loans, S5". 

Ijiw division, 22'; additions, 22', 41*. 

Legislation, comparative, index to, 29'. 

Legislative photographs and jjooks, 
Lloyd collection, 4B'. 

Ijegialatiire, assistance to members, 

Library school account, 84', 84*. 

Library school bulletin, 10". 

Librniy school collection, additions, 

Lloyd collectiim of legislative photo- 
graphs and books, 4C'. 

Loans, 54'-55'; from capitol library, 
■S-5*; to institutions and special in- 
vestigators, 5.)'; by classes, 73- 

Losses, protei;tion against. (>3'-tl4'. 

Mannacript division, 22'-23'. 
.Maps, manusciipt and printed, 24*. 
Medicine division, 31*j appropriations 

and expenditures, 8', 83*, 85, 8ff', 87'. 

New Tork local histoiy, bibliography, 

Ordera, 43'. 

Pajiiplil«ts, binding. 41"; classifica- 
tion. 32'; additions. ««"-C7*. 

Periodicals, see Serials. 

Photographs, sec Pictures; Legislative 

Pictures, expenditures, 8", 83', 83, 87; 
loans. 3.V. 

Printed cards. 47--.'jr: for bibliogi'apliy 
bulletins, 9"-10'. 

Printing, public; defect in pi-esent law, 
Ifi*; suggested amendments to law, 
IG'-I"', 20"; unbalanced bids, 18'- 

Printiu},'. nee aim Publications. 

Public documents, »rf State publica- 

Publications. 9'-H': expenditures. 8.5- 
86; history division, 34'; indexed, 
51'-52': list, 73'-7!l'; sale, IP; sum- 
msrj-. 7fi'- Spi- aUi) State publica- 

Beading lists 
Reading room 

, Google 

i\nEx TO niRECTon's bepokt 1899 

Receipts, table, 81'. 
Keterenco use of librarj'. G2'-53*. 
RppairB, expenditures, 85-87. 
Rooms, care of, 03'-C4'. 

Salaries, 6', S'-tf. 83*, &V87, Sif-m. 

Serials, 44'--4a'; list of additiona, 80*- 
82*; binding. 41"; ex|>enditures, 8', 
41'-42', 72, 80, 87; no longer pub- 
lished, 83'; 

tables of additions: by 10 classei. 
72; by 100 divisions, 69'-7r. 

Shelf department, 57*. 

Shelf list, Tolumes on: by 10 classes, 
72; by 100 subject divisions, O0'-71*. 

Shelves, eare of, 57"-58'. 

Sociolt^ division, 27 '-31'. 

Special collections, 42*. 

Staff Rnd employees, 5*-8*; changes, 
88-8tl; list and salaries. SB'-SS ; 
meetings and reports. T*-8'; salaries, 
6', 8'-0", 83*, 85-8T. 80'-M; uniforms. 

State publications, 13'-2I°; protection 
against waste, 1 6*-l 8' ; exchanges. 
21'; index, 28'-29', 

Statistics, »ee Tables. 

Stevens papers, 25'. 

Supplies, expenditures, 85-87. 

Syllabuses, 75'. 

TablM, e5-&9; additions, 41', 0(l''72; 
appropriations, expenditures and 
balances, 83'; binding statistics, GC- 

07", 74; eapitol library circulation. 
35; cataloguing statistics, 66'-fl7', 
09-72; duplicates. 1.1; (slucation di- 
vision, 32; exchanges, 21'; liistory di- 
vision, 33; law library, 22; loans by 
classes, 73; loons outside Albany, 
55; medicine division, 31; publica- 
tions, 73'-76'; sociology division, 
27; special collections, 42; staff, 88- 
DB; u-oman'a library, 30. 
Telegrams and telephone, expenditures, 

I'cling expenses, 85-87. 
Traveling libraries, finding lists, 9*, 
IC-H', 76'; additions, 41"; loan*, 
55'; expenditures. 83*, 85, 87. 

Uniforms, fi'-7'. 

Voltunw, additions, 41', 77'-Btf; du- 
plicates, 13'; in education division, 
32* ; in liistory division, 33= ; in home 
education department, 41*; in law 
lilH^ry, 22'; in medical library, 31*; 
in sociology division. 27'; special 
collections, 42*; in woman's library, 
38'; total number, 41"; 

on shelf list: by 10 classes, 72; 
by 100 subject divisions, 69'-71*. 
Sfe also Books; Gifts. 

Wall pictures, loans. 55'. 
U'illard, Mrs Emma, bust of, 43', 
Woman's library, 36'. 
Toimg people's libraries, 11'. 



Appendix r- 
University of the State of New York 

State Library Bulletin 


January igoo 


lott Annual Comparative Summary and Index 

Review of legislation 9 

Summary of legialstion 35 

Public morals 25 

Edacation 34 

Politics! regulations 61 

Labor 78 

Coiporations ...... 84 

Finance 9^ 

Properly and contract rights 13S 

Estates of decedents and wards. .. 143 

Administration of jnstice 153 

State and local government , 201 

Summary of legielation (cml'd) f,,CK 

Military regulations 248 

Charities 257 

Penal mstitnlions 266 

Insurance 272 

Transportation. Commnnication.. 283 

Public health and safety ...... 298 

Trade, ludnstries. Mining 311 

Agricniture ... 323 

Gameaadfish 342 

Constitutional amendments 353 

New constitutions . 354 

Street railway tax laws 355 

Subject index 361 




In thfB bigbly competitive age Improved methods must be quickly 
adopted In governmeat as well as in Industry to keep In tbe lead. Sta'Ltd 
which do not study their neighbors' methods of government are as sure to 
lag behind as is the manufacturer who does not study hla competitors' 
methods of production. This bulletin prepared by the sociology libmrlsa 
Robert H, Wbttten, Ph. D. is an attempt to digest and organize tbe 
enormous annual oatput of legislation so as to enable legislators wlt'a 
a minimum of labor to make use of the most recent experience of other 

As fast as advance copies of the session laws of each state can be 
secured, the separate laws are summarized on cards and classified by 
Bubject. This enables the library to answer promptly frequent inquiries 
regarding legislation in other states. At the end of the year the summary 
thus prepared is printed as part of this bulletin. The aim Is to sum- 
marize the taws sufflctently to give a concise comparative view of current 
state legislation. It is of course impracticable to give many details of 
long general laws, and laws of purely local Interest are not Included. 

As a decision of the supreme court of a state or of tbe United »CateB 
declaring a statute unconstitutional is Id effect equivalent to Its repeal 
by the legislature, a digest of such decisions Is Included with the laws. 
Constitutional amendments submitted to future action of the legislature 
or people, ns well as [hose voted on since tbe last bulletin, are placed 
In tbe summary under their proper subject- heads, and on page 353 there 
is a separate table arranged by states, showing the result of votes, and 
referring to the marginal numbers. Besides the detailed summary ot 
legislation, the bulletin Includes a review ot legislation covering the cal- 
endar year, the aim of which Is to present briefly the most Important 
and distinctive legislation and to Indicate the general trend cf legislation. 

The references In this bulletin cover 42 states. The summary oi 
legislation includes all legislative sessions held from Sep. 3U, IJSbB, w 
Oct 1, 1S99. As Georgia lias lield Its regular session during tai; lasi, 
quarter of the year and tlie Virginia legislature is still in session at the 
close of the year, It Is impossible to Include their laws In the detailea 
summary and have the bulletin out In time to be of tbe greatest vamti 
to legislators. All the most Important and distinctive measures are, now- 
ever, included In the review of legislation, wiiich Is complete lo Jan. 1, 

Uelvti. Dbwet , 


These must be carefully read to understand the bulletin 

The summaiy is classified under the general beads shown In the table 
of contents on the cover and in greater detail on page 6. More cnrprre- 
heasive laws are regularly put first under the headings, and in ascertatn-- 
Ing what legislation has been passed concerning subordinate matters unuec 

.V Google 


tbe general subject, it la necessary to refer also to tbe more Incluelre 
entries. Cross references must also be observed. 

The index is an alphabetic list of all the specific topics contained In 
. tbe summary, and refers to each entry by Its marginal number. It is 
neccBsai'lly vei'y condensed. 

Neic legislation only is Included and when this Is in the form of amend- 
ments only those clauses which add to, or materially change old enact- 
ments are cited. In case some part ot tbe former law. still retained, is 
neceaaary for clearness, It Is printed In ordinary type and new matter iu 

The citations at the end of each entry are, as a rule, made by state, 
number and date of approval. In Delaware and Bhode Island, where the 
ftovwnor's approval is not necessary, the date of final passage by the 
legislature is given. In tbe case of bills which are passed over tbe 
governor's veto or become laws without his signature by expiration of 
time, the date of Euch passage or expiration Is given. The laws of 
several states are without chapter numbers and references are to pages. 
In references to laws amended or repealed '97, 350 means laws of 1897, 
.chapter 350. 


Ap April Jl Jnly O October 

My May Ag August N November 

Je Jnne S September D December 







Ajkansas . 






















N. C. 

North Carolina 

N. D. 

North Dakota 

N. H. 

New Hampshll-e 


New Jersey 

N. M. 

New Mesico 

N. Y. 

New York 










Rhode Island 

S. C. 

South Carolina 

S. D. 

South Dakota 











W. Va. 

West Virginia 









CompilationB of atatute 

Ann. L. 

AoDotated iaWB 

G. L. 

Oenerol Uvra 

Add. 8. 

An Dotal ed BtatateB 


General statutes 

C. C. 

Civil code 

P. C. 

Political code 

c. c. p. 

Code of civil procedure 

P. 8. 

Public sUtntea 

C. L. 

Compiled lawB 

Pen. C. 

Penal code 

C. P. 

Code of procedure 

E. C. - 

Beviaed code 

C. 8. 

Compiled statutes 

R. 8. 

Revised statntca 

Crini. P. 

Code of orimiDftl pro 





j. r. 

joint resolotion 

c. r. 

concurreut resolution 




chapter * 



Law reports 

Atlantic reporter S. E. 

NoFtheastem reporter S. W. 

Northwesteri] reporter So. 

Pacific reporler 


Son th eastern reporter 
Sou tb western reporter 
South em reporter 



Georgia (annual ^ 

ind the dali 

15 N 98-23 F 
2 My- 17 My 
16 Ja - 16 Mr 
4Ja- 3Ap 
4 Ja-2dJe 
3 Ja-13Mr 
4 Ap- 2 Je 


7 Mr 


4 Jft-llAp 

5Ja- 9 Mr 
21 D 98 - 9 Ja 
10 Ja- 8 Mr 
8 Ag - 18 Ag 
4 Jii-17Mr 
»al) 4 Ja- 3 Je 
4 Ja-24 Je 
3 Ja-18 Ap 
4 J^- 22 My 

Nen Jersey (annual) 

New Mexico 

New York (annual) 

Nortb Carolina 
Nortb Dakotii 
Ok In bom a 
Oregon (extra) 

Rbode Island (eztra) 

Lonieiaua (extra) 


MossacliDsetts (an; 




Montana 2 Ja- 2 Mr 

Nebraska 3 Jh - 31 Mr 

Nevada 16 Ja- 10 Mr 

New Hampshire 7 Ju- 11 Mr 

In UicblRu and VirelulB ihe iBKlalatnre vas sllll in eemi 
Georgia (annuai) 25 0-16 D Virginia 

WoliigftD actra) 19 0- 

( annual) 

South Carolina (annual 

Soulb Dakota 






West Virginia 



10 Ja -24 Mr 
16 Ja- 16 Mr 

4 Ja-28Ap 
22 My -26 My 

3Ja- 3 Mr 
10 Ja- 10 Mr 
26S 98-15 98 
9 Ja-18F 

5 Ja-20Ap 
22N98-23N 98 

19 8-30 S 
31 Ja-26 My 
30 My- IJe 



2 Ja-24Ap 
10 Ja -27 My 

9 Ja- 

9 Mr 

5 98- 1D98 
9Ja- 9 Mr 
11 Jft-25F 
11 Ja- 4 My 


W or the ye<tr 





Public morals 









Tuiation — general 





Special forms of tnx.-i- 

Intoxiontiug liqiiorB. 







Local fioHnce 



Order and decency 






Property and contract 

School or^nuizatiun 





Possmion. Transfer 



Teach ore 



Liens. Incnnibrances 



Attendance, Instruc- 

Contracts and other oh- 







Higher and professions! 


Insolveiic]'. Assign- 







Scientific work. Art 


Estates of decedents and 

Political regulations 

rtesceiits. Devises 



Civil rights. Citizen- 

Probate ptocednre. Ad- 




















Public docun<cntB anil 





Practice of law 








Court officers 



Statistics. Burenits 



Civil procedure — geu- 

Employerond employee 
Prolection. Pactoiy 

Organization. Strikes. 






Civil procedure — spe- 
cial actions 

Cvimiiiftl proc'dure 







State and local go vet n- 



Special. Slock corpora- 







State government 



Corpor.-itioriB not for 

Coimly and township 







BankinKandloan insli- 

Municipalilifs— genera 




Police. Firedepartnien 



Trusts and combina- 

Ligbt. Water. Pone 






Local improvements. 





Parks. Boiitevards 




State Ununce 



Roads anil bridges 



Public landB. School 







Military reflations ffo. Page 

- Militin. National guard 59 218 
VetoranB. War inenior- 


Poor relief 
Cbildren. Orpbans 
Deiif and dumb. Blind 
Sick and wounded 
Insane. Feeble-minded 

Public health and safety No. Page 

General supervisiun 47 298 

Contiigions diaeaxea iz 302 

Pract.ioo of mi'dJeine 

and Biirger; 39 303 

Food. Drugs. Adul- 
teration 31 306 

Public safety 46 308 

Trade. Industries 

Dorni'stio trade. Weigbta 


General 39 272 

Lite and accident 45 275 

Fire and otber casualty S4 ^^'^ 
Snrety and guaranty 

companies 24 281 

Transportation. Comnau- 


Geneml 9 283 

Kail nit }-s. Common 
carriers 144 284 

Rapid transit. Street 
railways 31 293 

Otbor forms of trans- 
portation 43 295 


General. CommissioDS. 

Soil— drill n age, irriga- 
tion, fertilizers 

Horticulture. Hin- 

(Irani-et* t^t crops 

Domestic animals 

Dairy products 


Shell fl»b. Lobsters. 
Terrapin. Sponges 

Total number of refer- 



University of the State of New York 

State Library Bulletin 


loih Annual Comparative Summary and Index 

I Jan.— 31 Dec. i8gg 

Uarria^e. A measure making the passing of a medical examination a 
prerequlBlte to obtaining a marriage license passed the North Dakota 
senate but failed of enactment Similar measures have recentlj' been 
introduced in a number of legislatures. A Michigan act provides that no 
" person who has been afflicted with syphilis or gonorrhea and has not 
been cured of the same shall be capable of cootractiog marriage." The 
penalty for violation is a fine of from $500 to $1000 or imprisonment not 
more than five years or both; and In prosecutions husband and wife may 
he examined against each other and the attending physician may be com- 
pelled to testify. 

Liquor diapensftrles. The sale of liquor through public agents was 
first established at Athens, Ga, in 1SS9 and was adopted by South Caro- 
lina in 1892. South Dakota repealed its prohibitory law la 1896 and In 
18d8 adopted a constitutional amendment for the manufacture and sale 
of liquors exclusively under state control by salaried agents; but the 
legislature of 1899 refused to enact leglslaton to put the system In opera- 
tion, and submitted to vote In November 1900 the repeal of the dispensary 
amendment Alabama has authorized counties, cities and towns to es- 
tablish dispensaries. 

Librariee. To promote the establishment and efficiency of free public 
libraries, special library commissions or authorities with similar duties 
have now been provided In 14 states. During 1899 commissiona have been 
established In Colorado, I^diana, Maine. Michigan and Minnesota. The 
movement in the direction of library extension through the establishment 
of state traveling libraries, first undertaken by the New York state library 
In 1892, has since spread to Iowa, Michigan, Ohio and New Jersey and 



during tbe preseui year to Indiana, EaDsas. Maine, Minnesota and Penn- 

Ari:. State institute. Illinois tias authorized citleB to create art com- 
miBsions without the approval of which no work of art may become the 
properly of the city. Utah has established a state Institute of art hav- 
■iig a goTerning board of sevea members appointed by the governor. The 
Object of the institute is declared to be " to advance the interests of the 
tine arcs, develop the Influence of art la education and to foster the 
lutroductlon of art in manufactures." It Is the duty of the Institute to 
make ail collections, hold annual exhibits and provide annual lectnre 

State biologist. In Oregon the office of the state biologist has been 
created to Investigate the auimal resources of the state and the develop- 
ment of such as have economic value. He will make a study of the 
launa of the state and will give special attentlou to food fish. 

Central control of elections. The plan adopted in Kentucky in 1888 of 
placing elections In the hands of a state board elected by the legislature 
nas during the present year been followed In North Carolina. This law 
creates a state board of elections consisting of seven members elected 
biennially by the general assembly. The state board appoints and has 
power to remove county boards of three members who In turn appoint 
and may remove the registration and election officers. The two Judges 
rf election for each precinct must be of different political parties. The 
general election day has been changed from November to August and the 
first election under the. new law will be held on the first Thursday in 
Ai;gust IMO when the constitutional amendment restricting the fran- 
chise will alao" be voted on. i 

Suffrage. North Carolina hus submitted to vote In 1900 a constitu- 
tional amendment to disfranchise the illiterate negro. The proposed plan 
is similar to that adopted by Louisiana in 1898 and makes ability to read 
aisd write a section of the constitution a qualiflcatlon for voting. But 
white illiterates are practically exempted from this educational quahflca- 
tlon by a proviso that it shall not apply to any person entitled to vote In 
any state prior to Jan. 1, ISCT, or to a lineal descendant of such a person 
who registers before Nov. 1, 1908. A similar plan was considered at. the 
recent session of the Georgia legislature but met a decisive defeat. 

Biennial sessions. In New York and Georgia bills for submitting the 
question of biennial sessions to popular vote were defeated. Though but 
six states still have annual sessions they cling to the plan with great 

Iiobbylng. Wisconsin has adopted an act regulating lobbying. A pub- 
' Itc register is to be kept containing the names of all lobbyists, the various 
bills to oppose or promote which they are employed and the names of 
the Individuals or corporations by whom they are employed. Lobbyists 
are classified as legislative counsel before committees and legislative 
agents. Within 30 days after the adjournment of the leglalfttura, pam>nB 



or corporaUons emploring lobbyists mnst make a detailed statement of 
expenditures to tbe secretary of Btate. 

Illegal passage of acts. A decision of the Idaho supreme court In 
1897 by implication rendered void all but a few of the laws paseed at 
tlie four preTlous sessions of the legislature, and the legislature of 1899 
baa therefore had the task of reenactlng most of the acts passed since 
Idaho became a Btate. The court decides that the provlslonB of the con- 
stitution requiring three several readings, the printing of bills and an aye 
and no vote' are mandatory and that tbe court may go back of tbe 
enrolled bill to. see if tbe Journals show that tbese requirements have 
beea complied with. 

Special lagialation. Vermobt baa followed the plan of requiring tbe 
publication of certain classes of local bills for three weeks In a news- 
paxter of tbe county to which the bill applies at least three weeks pre- 
vious to the session of the legislature. It has now added to the list 
requiring sucb publication that most fruitful source of special legislation, 
the amendment of city and village ebartera. Such a safeguard would 
doubtless prevent mucb hasty local legislation in the Interest of private 
Individuals which is often put through during the closing hours of the 
session without the knowledge of the localities concerned. 

Diatnlbution of documents. In order to secure systematic distrlbntloa 
of its publications to the various state and other public libraries, Indiana 
has enacted that the distribution be made by the state librarian and tbat 
lie be furnished for this purpose IDO copies of every state publication. 

Iiabor bureaus. In 18G0 Massachusetts established a labor bureau. 
Its example has sinc.e been followed by most of the states, by the national 
government and by many foreign countries. During 1899 Idaho has 
established a bureau of Immigration, labor and statistics and Kansas bas 
created a state society of labor, the secretary of which succeeds to the 
powers and duties of the state commissioner of the bureau of labor and 
of the state factory inspector. 

Pnblle employment agencies. A number of states have provided for 
the regulation and licensing of private employment agencies, but only 
a few have as yet entered the field In competition with private eater- 
prise. During 1899 Illinois has established free employment agencies in 
cities of 50,000 to be conducted by officers appointed by the governor. 
Missouri has directed the commissioner of labor statlsticB to establish 
free employment bureaus in cities of 100,000. 

Factory inapection. Instead of leaving the enforcement of factory laws 
to individual InitiatlTe or to the local police, many states have created 
departments of factory Inspection, others have inspectors appointed by the 
labor bureau or commissioner, and In Massachusetts the chief of the 
district police has under his direction a force of factory inspectors. Dur- 
ing 1889 Inspection departmeuts have been created In Indiana and Teo- 



Eight hour day. During 1899 California, Washington and WeBt Vir- 
ginia have enacted tliat eiglit hours is a day's work bn all public work, 
and Massachusetts that eight hours Is a day's work for city and town 
employees. Colorado has ostablished an eight hour day in miaes, smel- 
ters and reduction works, except in casus of emergency', and Missouri in 
mines at a depth of 200 feet or over, other than coal mines. 

Employers' liahllity. The liability of employers for injuries to their 
employees has recently been greatly extended in many states. Tinder 
the common law employers are not liable for an injury resulting from 
the negtigence of a coemployee. It Ib in the railroad business that the 
injustice of the common law rule has been most evident, and consequently 
several states have passed laws modifying it' as to railroad employees 
while leaving it iu force as to others. During 1899 North Dakota has made 
railroad companies liable for injuries to employees by reason of negli- 
gence of other employees and this liability may not be Impaired by 

Corporations. Delaware has adopted a general corporation law de- 
signed to offer special Inducements to corporations to organize under its 
laws. It has reduced,its Incorporation fee to 15c for each $1000 of capi- 
tal while that of New Jersey is 20e and that of New York $].25, and 
hopes to attract many corporations that would otherwise incorporate in 
New Jersey and other states. 

Trusts. Combinatioiis. Industrial combination which has attended 
the recent Industrial prosperity bas brought about numerous renewed at- 
tempts to cope with the assumed evil. Arkansas, Kansas, Michigao, Min- 
nesota, Missouri, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina and Texas 
have again taken up the solution of the problem. The laws of Arkansas, 
Michigan, Missouri and Texas are particularly drastic. Besides the 
national anti-trust act, 29 states and territories have laws specially con- 
structed to prohibit trusts. 

Special tai commissions. Statistics and information. The Wisconsin 
tax commission appointed in 1807 submitted its report previous to the 
nieeting of the ISiH) legislature. It contains much information relative 
to taxation in Wisconsin and other states and a good bibliography and 
seems to have called attention to the need of a much more thorough and 
systematic investigation of the subject, for an act was passed providing 
for a commissioner of taxation to be appointed by the governor at a 
salary of S5000 to serve for 10 years from May 1, 1899. 

The commisaioner shall have a general supervision of the system of 
taxation throughout this state, shall have power to make a thorough in- 
vestigation thereof, and shall report to the legislature the first day of 
each regular session the results of his supervision and investigation, and 
shall formulate and recommend legislation for the Improvement of the 
system and for the ecjuaiization of the taxation of the state. He shall 
keep in his office a public record of his acts and orders, and print from 

1 DecUred uDconaiitutiaDBL br Culorado Bupreme court. 



time to time for general circulatloD, such Inlormatioti as he may deem 
proper. Id making any investigation, be sball bave power to require 
local officers wbose duties pertain to tbe assessment and collection of 
taxes, or to the disbursement of public funds, to report to him In form as 
prescribed by him and to call upon individuals and corporations for In- 
formation bearing upon the subject of tazatloii. 

For the purpose of systematically securing statistics essential to well 
considered legislation an act was passed requiring town, rillase, city and 
county clerlts to make annually to the secretary of state detailed state- 
ments of taxea levied. Many tax reforms recognized as beuefl<nal fall of 
adoption because wltb the present deacleut knowledge of tax conditions it 
is Impossible to make the readjustment without great Injustice and loss. 
The practical legislator recognizes the advantages of a proposed reform 
but as soon as he tries to formulate It definitely be runs against numerous 
obstacles that can not be overcome except by a detailed sclentiac knowl- 
edge of aU the conditions involved. Without sucb knowledge any radical 
change is neocssarliy blind and haphazard. Wisconsin's efforts to secure 
systematic information la therefore most Interesting and notewortby. 

In Michigan also tbe permanent tax commlaalou created during the 
present year, besides tteing given power to gather statistical information 
is instructed " to make diligent investigation and Inquiry conceraiog the 
rtvenue laws and systuma of other states and countries , , . and with tbe 
aid of Information thus obtained, together wltb experience and observation 
of our own laws " to auQuaiiy recommend changes to tbe legislature. 
lestLB bas created a tax commission consisting of the governor, con- 
trtdler, state revenue agent and " a competent expert In matters pertaining 
to taxation and revenue " appointed by the governor. It Is tlie duty at 
tbe commission to frame a complete tax system and submit It to the legis- 
lature of 1901. In New York a Joint committee was appointed to investi- 
gate taxation and report to the legislature of 1900. 

The special Joint committee created by (he Georgia legislature of 18»S 
made its report to the session Just closed. The committee recommends 
the adoption of collateral Inheritance and income taxes and imposition of 
a special state tax on the franchises of all quasi public corporations. 
The committee also recommends tbe creation of a state board of tax 
commissioners with large powers of control over the local assessors and 
exclusive authority to assess railroad, telegraph, telephone and express 
companies. Tbe general tax bill submitted by the committee was referred 
to the governor for transmission to the next legislature. 

Tax equalization. State aupervisloa. Michigan has established a 
board of three tax commlsslonerB, appointed by the governor for 6 years 
at a salary of $2500. The board is given general supervision over local 
assessing officers, is to visit each county annually, hear and decide com- 
plaints and may review and revise the assessment rolls. It Is also re- 
quired to report aunually to the legislature the true valuation of corpora- 
tion and other property. 



Xoheritance tax. In Michigan a direct- Inheritance lax ol IX on per- 
sonal property exceeding S5000 and a collateral Inheritance tax of 5% 
on all property over $500, bas been established. Wisconsin has provided 
a direct Inheritance tax of 1% and a collateral tax of 5X on personal 
property over $10,000 and Missouri a collateral Inheritance tax of 5% on 
ail proppi'ty, the proceeds of whitli are to be devoted to the support of the 
state university and to otlier educational purposes. The direct inherit- 
ance tax: of 2% on personal property above $5000 established by Penn- 
sylvania in 1897 has t>een declared unconstitutional, as the ?5000 ex- 
emption violates the provision that all taxes shall be uniform on the 
same class of subjects. The inheritance tax novr exists in some form in 
20 states^ 

Taxation of public franchiseB. In New York previous to the present 
year corporations holding franchises in the streets and public grounds 
were assessed by the local assessors on the total value of their property 
Including franchises and escludiug debts. Franchises were assessed as 
ptrsonalty; but as the companies were permitted to deduct their bonded 
and Hoatlng indebtedness from the total value of their personalty and aa 
indebtedness usually exceeded personalty the result was that the com- 
panies paid taxes on their real estate only and franchises were practically 
exempt. The 1899 act provides that franchises shall be considered real 
estate for purposes of taxation. The value of the franchise, which is 
to Include the value of all tangible property in .any street or public place, 
is to be determined - annually by the state board of tax commissionets, 
and the other real, estate of the corporation is to be assessed as formerly 
by the local assessors. Many companies were already paying yarious 
special local taxes, and in order to malie taxation uniform these special 
taxes are to be deducted from the franchise tax. 

Michigan passed an act creating a state board of assessors to tax rail- 
road; express, telegraph and telephone companies on the total value of 
their property including franchises, at the average rate of state, county 
and municipal taxes. The act was by Implication declared UOOODBtitU- 
tional by the decision of the supreme court declaring void a similar act 
of llj81 applying to telegraph and telephone companies, on the ground tliat 
taxation at the average rate is not within the uniform rule prescribed for 
other property. In consequence of this decision a new act was passed tax- 
ing express, telegraph and telephone companies 3% on their grosa receipts 
In lieu of all other taxes and railroads continue to pay on their gross 
receipts as formerly. A resolution to submit to popular vote a constitu- 
tional amendment authorizing assessment of railroad, express, telegraph 
and telephone property by a state board was defeated at the regular aes- 
sion and Uovei'nor Plngree summoned an extra session which met Decem- 
ber 18 specially for this purpose but the resolution was again defeated. 

North Daiiota has submitted a constitutional amendment to vote in 
laoo providing for the assessment by the state board of equalization of 



tbe franchises and property of all companies carrjing persons, property or 
meBsages. Wisconsin has provided for an assessment of express, sleeping 
car, freight line and equipment companies based on the cash value of 
thetr capital stock. 

There is a strong tendency to change from gross receipts as a basis 
of taxation to the total ralne of property and franchises as determined by 
a state board; but the gross receipts tax Is bo mnch simpler that It con- 
tinues to be adopted most frequently as may be readily seen by consulting 
the entries under corporation taxes In the summary of legislation.' 

The Torrens system. This system of land rejilatratlon was first 
adopted In the United States by Illinois In 1895. This law was declared 
unconstitutional In the followlns- year and In 1897 a new law was passed, 
the constitutionality of which has been upheld by the supreme court. 
The law Is operative In such counties as by popular vote accept It, and 
as yet has been accepted by Cook county only. In Ohio the Torrens sys- 
tem was adopted In 1896. The law was declared unconstitutional In 1897 
snd was repealed In 1898. California adopted the system in 1897 and 
Massachusetts In 1898. Montana has duriufr the present year created a 
commission to consider the system and report to the legislature lii 1901. 

Uniform negotiable Instruments law. In 1896 the national conference 
of state commissioners on uniform legislation recommended for adoption by 
the various states a general act relatlnfi to veffotiable instnimentn. This act 
was adopted by New York. Connecticut, Florida and Colorado in 1897. by 
Virginia, Maryland and Massachusetts In 1898 and by North Carolina. 
North Dakota, Oregon, Rhode Island. Tennessee. Utah, Washington and 
Wisconsin In 1860. It was also adopted by the United States congress In 
1899 for the District of Columbia. When this \nw 's adopted by the rest 
of the states a reform of the greatest value will have been accomplished. 
Commercial relations are not bounded by state lines but are national and 
even world wide. By a uniform codiflcation throughout the United States 
of this branch of commercial law business will be greatly facilitated. 

Int«r«st. Usury. The gradual decline In the market rate of Interest 
la being followed by a gradual lowering of the legal and maximum rates 
prescribed by law. Every year the rates are lowered in a number of 
states but raised In none. During the past year the legal or maximum 
rates have been lowered In Mlcldgao, Minnesota, Montansi, Oregon and 
Washington. In Michigan the legal rate has been reduced from G% to ■*>% 
and the contract rate 8% to 7%. Michigan. Illinois and Louisiana are the 
only states that now have a legal rate as low as 5%. , Except in the new 
states of the west the rate is usually 6%. 

Practice of law. Maine, Vermont and Wyoming have passed general 
laws regulating the admission ot attorneys. In Indiana a constitutional 
amendment will be submitted In November 1900 authorizing the ieglRla- 
ture to prescribe qualifications for admission to the bar. The legislature 
of Illinois attempted to exempt certain persons from the rules of the 
supreme court regulating admission to the bar but the supreme court 

r, 13W-1410. 



declared tbe act unconBtltutional on the ground tbat admission to the bar 
Is a judicial act and can not be exercised hj tbe legislature. 

Supreme court. The number of states that have recently taken steps to 
Increase the number of judges of the supreme court of tbe state or to 
establish an Intermediate court between the supreme court and the dis- 
trict courts Indicates the overcrowding of the supreme court to be quite 
general. Calltomia, Indiana, Kansas, New York and Oregon have during 
the present year taken stppa in this direction. 

Jury verdict. Colorado has enacted that three fourths of a Jury may 
render a verdict in civil cases and Missouri has submitted a const! tut lonaJ 
antendment to vole In 1900 proTldlng that two thirds in courts not of 
ri^cord and three fourths In courts of record may render a. verdict in civil 

Slander. Caricatures. California has made it unlawful to publish 
caricatures of residents of tbe state which " in any way reflect upon the 
honor, Integrity, manhood, virtue, reputation, or business or political 
motives " of the pefson caricatured or tend to expose him to " public 
hatred, ridicule or contempt." Not stopping with this, however, It is also 
made a iplsdenieanor to publish portraits of residents of the state except 
pi:blic officers and criminals without the written consent of the person 
concerned. California has also enacted that published articles impeach- 
ing tbe reputation or exposing the natural defects of any person shall be 
signed by the author under penalty of $1000, and Florida has followed 
with a law requiring the signature of tbe author to articles charging 

Lynching. Indiana has adopted a strong law to prevent lynching. 
The penalty for actively aiding or abetting Is fixed at life Imprisonment 
or death and the attorn^ general may conduct the prosecution. If any 
person is taken from tbe custody of an officer and lyntfhed it is made 
prima fade evidence of failure on the part of the officer to perform his 
duty and it thereupon becomes the duty of the prosecuting attorney and 
attorney general to institute Impeachment proceedings. 

State architect. In New York and Illinois the office of state architect 
has been created to prepare plans and specifications (or all buildings 
constructed or altered at state expense. The salary of the architect is 
$7500 in New York and $5000 In Illinois. 

Unnlcipalitles, general. In New Jersey the governor has been em- 
powered to appoint a commission to report to the legislature- of 1900 a 
revision and codification of the laws relating to cities and Incorporated 

In 1898 the Ohio legislature provided for the appointment of a municipal 
code commission of two persons to revise the laws relating to the organi- 
zation of cities and villages and to prepare a bill for a plan of organiza- 
tion which should be uniform in its operation throughout the state, and 
in which there should be a separation of the legislative and executive 
powers, Edward Klbler, one ot the members of the commission In Iftmfo- 



ipol affairs for September 1899. states that the commlssloa will report as 

its conclusion tbat the priuclpal reforms needed In Ohio are: 1) the 
abolition of the claBslflcation of cities, and the government of mnnlcipal 
corporations by local couucils and not by the stite legislature; 2) the 
limiting of the functions of cily councils strictly to legislative matters, 
t*e confining of admin Estratlve functions strictly to tlie executive depart- 
ment with the mayor as the responsible head and the filling of ail sub- 
ordinate offices and places by the compulsory system of selection linown 
as the merit system of appointment: 3| the nomiuatiou and election of 
all municipal officers Including members of the board of education on a 
nonpartizau ballot. The commission will report its Dndings, with a bill, 
to the governor and the report will be submitted to the legislature of 1900. 

Hunlcipal home rule. In North Dakota city councils have been au- 
thorized " to adt^t such ordinances, not repugnant to the constitutlou.and 
laws of the state, as tbe general welfare of the city may demand " and 
the New Jetsey law for tht government of cities under 12,000 provides 
that the council may malte such ordinances not contrary to the laws of 
tlie state or of Hie L-ultcd States as it may dcciu necessary "for the good 
government, order, protection of persons and property, and tor the pre- 
servation of the public health and prosperity of said city and its Inhabi- 
tants." Cities and towns tu South Carolina have been authorized to adopt 
any amendment to their charters not Inconsisteut with the constitution 
and laws of the state on petition of a majority of the freeholders and 
a majority vote of the electors. 

Franchises. A Florida taw limits municipal franchises to 30 years and 
provides for the reservation of the right to buy at the expiration of the 
franchise, and in Tennessee an act has been passed requiring the sub- 
mission of franchises to popular vote in cities of 36.000. Indiana has pro- 
vided that the referendum may be demanded by 40% of the voters In Incor- 
porated towns within 30 days after the passage of any ordinance buying a 
water or light plant or granting any franchise. An 1899 law in Colorado 
provides that water, gas and electric light franchises hereafter granted 
or extended may be bought after 20 years by the city or town. 

Police, state control. In 1894 a law was passed In South Carolina au- 
thorizing the governor, secretary of state and controller general whenever 
they might deem It necessary, to appoint a board of three police eom- 
missioners for any city or Incorporated town. This law has been repealed 
by the legislature of 1899. 

Street sprinkling. Street sprinkling Is i-apidly becoming a municipal 
fi'nctlon. Formerly property owners contracted with individuals who 
undertook to lieep the street sprinkled In front of their property. The 
method which is now being rapidly adopted is for the city to sprinkle as 
it already paves and cleans the street, and to assess the expense on the 
abutting owners or pay It from the general fund. Connecticut, Minnesota, 
Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee and Wisconsin have during the 
present year made provisions for municipal sprinkling. 



Sewerage. Pollution of water. Sewage disposal nDtl water supply 
in densely populated states is fast becoming a problem that can not Jje left 
to tlie separate inuuiclpalltles. Many districts have become so thickly 
dotted with populous cities and towns that a common system of water 
supply and sewerage is Just as necessary for all the municipalities ot the 
group as It Is when a large number of individuals come together and form 
a city. In New Jersey a state sewerage commission consisting of five 
members appointed by the governor has been established. It is the duty 
of the commission to investigate methods of sewage disposal and to 
prevent the farther pollution of streams. On the petition of the munic- 
ipalities concerned sewerage districts may be formed. District sewerage 
boards are to consist of two members from each municipality and one 
member appointed by the state commission. They are to construct sewer- 
age systems under the supervision and control of the state commission. 

Boads. A commission has been appointed In Pennsylvn.nla to Investi- 
gate the subject of good roads and report to (he legislature of 1901. In 
Vermont the office of state highway commissioner has been created to 
superintend the expenditure of the state road tax by the town commis- 
sioners and to give aid and advice to local oStcials; while In Rhode Is- 
land the office of state commissioner of highways has been abolished and 
the act granting state aid to towns repealed. Wisconsin has referred 
to the next legislature a constitutional amendment authorizing state taxa- 
tion to Improve highways. 

Bicycles. To obviate the inconvenience caused by the dissimilar 
bicycle regulations' of the various municipalities of the state, New 
Yorlt has prescribed a set of ordinances and regulations for the use of 
bicycles that must be adopted by the cities, towns and villages wishing to 
■ adopt any regulations whatever. New Yorit and Oregon have passed 
general laws foi" the construction of aidepaths by counties. The New 
York law provides that the county judge may on petition of 50 wheelmen 
appoint sidepath commissioners to construct and maintain sidepnths on 
public roads,, the expense of whioh is paid by an annual license tax on 
bicycles using the paths. A Pennsylvania law provides for the construc- 
tion of sidepaths by townships, and in Washington cities have been au- 
thorized to construct paths. Florida, Illinois, Massachusetts, Michigan, 
Minnesota and Pennsylvania have passed laws to protect sidepaths from 

Beginning with New York In 1890, 13 states (Arizona, Arkansas, Cali- 
fornia, Colorado, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, 
Rhode Island, South Dakota, Virginia and Washington) have passed laws 
requiring bicycles to be carried as other baggage. The Washington law 
was passed during the present year. 

Toll roads, public purchase. Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Penn- 
sylvania and Tennessee have made provision for the acauisitlon of toll 
roads by the local authorities. 



HUitla. Hatioiial gaard. Alabama, Florida, Illinois, Pennsylvania 
and Wisconsin bave adopted general revialona of their military codes. A 
naval reserve lias been establisbed In Maine and Minnesota; Illinois, 
Massachusetts. New Hampshire and New Jersey authorized additional 
pay to their volunteers in the Spanish war and New York paid state em- 
ployees who served in the war their salary during tbe period of service. 
10 states {Arizona, California, Connecticut, Illinois, Maine, Massa- 
chusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire. New York and Vermont) have made 
it unlawful to deface tbe national flag or use It for advertising purposes. 

Veterans. The states have rapidly been extending to veterans of the 
Spanish war tbe special exemptions, privileges and provisions for relief 
enacted for veterans of the civil war. Alabama and Texas passed laws 
granting state pensions to confederate veterans. 

Charities and corrections, general. An Indiana law requires the cir- 
cuit court on petition of 15 citizens to appoint a board of charities and 
corrections to visit and Inspect all charitable and correctional institutions 
and report to (he county commissioners and state board of charities. In 
New Hampshire the governor and connctl have been authoriaed to ap- 
point three commissioners to consider and investigate the subjects of 
" state support and control of the dependent insane and feeble-minded . 
and methods for moral improvement in the penal institutions of the state." 
The state controller and president of the state board of charities in New 
York have been empowered to classify officers and employees of charit- 
nble and reformatory institutions and G\ salaries In each class. It has 
been made the duty of the Wisconsin state board of control to Inspect 
semiannually Are equipment, water supply, drainage, heating and venti- 
lating systems In county asylums, poorhouses and jails. A state pur- 
chasing agent for eleemosynary institutions has been created iu Texas. 

Poor relief. " To the end that the unnecessary duplication of relief 
may be avoided and the creation of new families of paupers through 
misguided and useless alms may cease" Indiana has enacted that over- 
seers of the poor Shall cooperate with private organizations and keep in- 
formed concerning tbelr worl;. An Arkansas net authorizes the inhumane 
practice of letting out paupers to the lowest bidder, wlio gives bond to 
house, clothe, feed and furnish medical attendance. Often the best 
results can be obtained by consolidation of county poorhouses, as a better 
classification of inmates can thus be maintained and superior facilities 
provided at a lower per capita cost. With this In view Arizona has 
enacted that supervisors may contract with other counties for the care of 
county poor, and Minnesota that district poorhouses may be established 
In two or more counties of 25,000 joint population. 

Dependent and neglected children. The duty of the state to Interfere 
In the case of children neglected or growing up under evil Influences has 
been practically recognized during tbe present year by general laws 
in Illinois, West Virginia, Washington and Wyoming, The increased 
C0i»l4eraUi>!» »fiW given tq thp problem of paring fop dppendent chlltjpep 


13 evideuced by the creation of a state board of children's guardians In 

New Jersey to have general supervision of all dependent children. Numer- 
ous regulations have also been passed relative to the placing out of 

Epileptics. The luovemeut of the segregation of epileptics from other 
classes of dependents continues to mabe progress. Illinois and Missouri 
have established epileptic colonies, Texas an asylum for epileptics and 
'North Dakota has referred to the next legislature a constitutional amend- 
Rient for the establishment of an Institution for the feelile- minded. 

Penal institutions. Consolidation and division of labor are scarcely 
less noticeable In the case of public institutions than lu industry. The 
economy of organization oa a large scale and the benefits of classification 
are causing the abandonment of township and county Institutions and 
bi'inging about the adoption of state systems. A state system of penal 
and reformatory Institutions makes possible the segregation of each class 
of criminals In Institutions specially ndajited to tbeir treatment, and such 
a segregation Is gradually taking place. New institutions for every 
class and grade of offenders are being established. The more advanced 
position of prison legislation Is indicated In the names of the new Institu- 
tions established: they are no longer Jails, prisons or peaitentiarieB but 
reformatories and reform or Industrial scLools. 

Crim.Lnals, probation. Just as dosing a healthy person with medicine 
may make a permanent Invalid so the indiscriminate- Imprisonment of 
all kinds of offenders whether they show serious pathologic symptoms 
or not, is responsible for making man? confirmed criminals. Massachu- 
setts authorized the appointment of probation officers in 18&1, and 
Vermont has now followed her example. The act provides for the 
appointment in each county by the county court of a probation officer 
who may recommend that persons convicted be released on probation, 
may expend money for temporary support and transportation and must 
report monthly to the prison commission. Illinois and Minnesota have 
provided for probation officers for juvenile offenders. 

Indetenuluiite sentences. No state has as yet had sufficient confidence 
In the criminologists to adopt a real indeterminate sentence law. Grime 
[3 the result of a diseased or defective social nature, and the only aclen- 
, tific way to deal with it is to keep the criminal under treatment till 
cured. At present it is evident that the trend is In this direction; many 
states are adopting maximum and minimum sentence, parole and " good 
time " laws. Wltbln the present year maximum and minimum sentence 
laws have been adopted in Colorado and Vermont, and the provisions of 
the Indiana law have been greatly extended. 

Convict labor. The governor of Illinois has been authorized to appoint 
six commissioners to Inspect the convict labor systems of other states 
and report to the legislature In 1901. Kansas has establislied twine and 
brick plants at the state penitentiary, authorized the use of convict labor 
In the repair of certain roads and provided that coal mined At the state 


ppnltendarj shall be limited In amount to tbe neede of etate InsUtutloDS. 
Nortb Dakota bas authorized the establish ment of a twine and cordage 

'Aisurance. The New Hampshire Insurance commissioner before had 
authority to recommend ratea of Insurance, but an 1899 law gives him 
power on petition to determine reasonable rates and companies must 
Insure at the rate fixed under penalty of $200 for each refusal. Mutual 
insurance Is at present receiving a good deal of attention from tbe legis- 
latures. Numerous general laws have been passed regulating fraternal 
beneficiary societies and farmers mutual fire and other casualty com- 
panies. Insurance is rapidly being extended to guard against every liind 
of lose that Is the result of mere chance. Companies to insure against 
loss by mall or express, and bicycle and plate glass companies have 
been authorized. The surety and guarantee companies are fast revolu- 
tionizing methods of executing official bonds. Tbe states are rapidly 
authorizing tbe acceptance of surety companies on all official bonds and 
many are authorizing the payment of premiums out of public or trust 

Tranaportatlbn and communication, gaueral. At an extra session held 
just previous to the regular session In Kansas, a court of visitation con- 
sisting of three elective Judges was created and given very extensive 
control over railroads, espress and telegraph companies. The court may 
establish classifications and rates, prescribe equipment, regulate service 
and decide all complaints. In case of a. strike the court may summon 
the corporation to appear and may order it to resume operations at once, 
If after investigation the strike appears just. A receiver may be appointed 
for any company failing to comply witb any of the conrt decrees; but 
they are subject to review by the supreme court. The aet has recently 
been held unconstitutional in tbe United States district court Tbe 
riorida legislature under authority of a constitutional amendment adopted 
in 1898 'has vested the railroad commission with judical power In the exer- 
cise of its control over rates and accomodations. 

In North Carolina the commission for the supervision of rallread, steam- 
boat, express and telegraph companies has been abolished and a corpora- 
tion commission created consisting of three elected members to exercise 
control over railroad, steamboat, canal, express, telegraph, telephone and 
sleeping car companies, building and loan associations and banks. The 
commission Is to regulate rates and accomodations, and has the authority 
of a court of general jurisdiction in the exercise of its powers. Arkansas 
has created a railroad commission consisting of flhree elected members 
with power to fix freight and express rates. 

Ticket scalping. Florldn. find Maine have prohibited tbe business of 
ticket scalping, but the New York niitl-soalplng law of 1897 has been 
declared unconstitutional. 

Ullage books. The Michigan law of 1891 requiring railroads to sell 
}D00 mile books for $S0 btm W^n declared RncopBtttntlona] by the-UolMT 

.. iT.t,K>'^lc 


States supreme court od the ground that It works a deprivatloii of prop- 
erty without due process of law. 

Telephones, public ownership. Nevada iiaa eoacted (hat county com- 
uiLsaloners may buy or coustruct telephone II nee on petition of two thirds 
of the taxpayers, and Wisconsin has authorized cities, towns and villages 
to Issue bonds for telephone lines. 

Street railways. In Vermont companies are now required to submit 
proposed routes to the board of railroad commissioners to determine 
whether the convenience of the public requires a new road; an appeal to 
the supreme court may be taken from the decision of the board. The 
18B7 act of Illinois permitting city councils to grant 50 3-ear franchises and 
SO year renewals, which caused such a stir in Chicago when It was 
thought (hat the city council might make use of Its power, has been 
repealed and an act permitting 20 year franchises enacted. Under a new 
net of the legislature Indianapolis has granted a 34 year franchise to the 
Indianapolis street ja II way company. At the expiration of the franchise 
the road may be bought or the franchise again sold. The maximum fare 
la 5c with universal transfers and 6 tickets must be sold for 25c and 25 
for SI. 

In Michigan municipal ownership of street railways has been declared 
unconstitutional as in violation of the constitution, art.l4 %9, providing that 
" the state shall not be a part; to, or Interested in, any work of internal 
improvement." The question came up on an act authorizing municipal 
ownership of the Detroit street railways. 

Bacterlologlc laboratories. ' In 1898 Maryland, Ohio and Vermont pro- 
vided for the establishment of bacterlologlc laboratories, and during the 
present year Delaware has authorized the board of health to establish 
a pathologic and bacterlologlc laboratory at Delaware college for the 
diagnosis of diseases and the analysis of water without chaise. 

Tuberculosis. New York has authorized cities of 250,000 to maintain 
outside their limits hospitals for the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis. 
Washington has required physiciana to report tuberculosis patients to the 
local board of health, whereupon the board must send to patients printed 
Instructions to prevent the spread of the disease and must disinfect 
premises within five days after death. 

Vital statistics. Some provision for a general registration of vital 
statistics is now made by statute In all but 14 states, though the law in 
many cases Is wholly or partly Inoperative. During the present year 
Florida and North Dakota have passed laws providing for a general 
registration. In Florida a state board of vital statistics is created and In 
North Dakota the local offlciaJa are required to report to the state board 
of health. 

Practice of embalming. In 1S64 Alabama and Virginia passed laws 
for the examination and licensing of cmbalmers. Missouri and Pennsyl- 
vania followed In 1895, New York In 1898 and Nebraska, New Hawp- 
■hlre, Boutjj Pftiota and West Vlrginift In 18TO. 

r ,:cJbyCjOOg[C 


Beer adulteration. A Missouri law provides tbat beer or otber malt 
liquors shall Dot be manufactured or sold containing any material " otber 
than pure hops or pure estraet ol hops, or pure barley malt or whole- . 
some yeast, or rice." The enforcement of the law la In the hands of a 
beer inspector appointed by the governor. 

Adulteration of candy.' Since 1S95-, 23 states have passed special laws 
prohibiting the manufacture and sale of candy adulterated with certain 
Injurious Ingredients. During the present year Delaware, Idaho, Mary- 
land, New Hampslilre and Oregoa were added to the list 

Fawnbroking. An Illinois law authorizes the Incorporation of pawners' 
societies in Chicago. DiTldends may not exceed 6% and the governor and 
mayor mayi each appoint one director. Interest may not exceed 1% a 
mobth with an additional V^% for Insurance and storage. Only one 
society lias as yet been organized under the law. 

Trading stamps. The trading stamp is a development of the past few 
years. It appears to be a device to get around the laws that have been 
passed by various states prohibltiDg gift enterpriees. The New York 
law reads as follows: 

No person shall sell, exchange or dispose of any article of food, or 
otter or attempt to do so upon any representation, advertisement, notice 
or Inducement that anything other than that which Is specifically stated 
to be niie subject of the sole or exchange Is or la to be delivered or 
received or in any way connected with or a part of the transaction as 
a gift, prize, premium or reward to the purchaser. 

The trading stamp Is a coupon furnished by the trading stamp com- 
panies to dealers In Ml lines of trade. The dealer gives the stamps to 
customers as an inducement to mate purchases and they entitle the 
bolder to receive goods of a certain value from the trading stamp com- 
pany. In 18j)8 Maryland, Massachusetts, Virginia and Vermont pro- 
hibited Dheir use and during the present year New Uampsbtrc and 
Rhode Island have done likewise. Tennessee has required trading 
stamp companies to pay a. $500 privilege tax in each county and firms 
using the stamp a $250 tax. 

Commission merchanta. Illinois, Michigan and Minnesota have pro- 
vided for the licensing and regulating oC commlsalon merchants. In 
Illinois a. state board of inspectors of comralaslon merchants has been 
created and in Minnesota the railroad and warehouse commission Is to 
exercise supervision. 

Negotiable warehouse receipts. To better enable farmers to hold their 
cotton and other staple products till the market improves a bonded ware- 
house act has been passed In Oeorgia permitting warehousemen to give 
bond in amount equal to the capacity of their warehouses and to Issue 
negotiable warehouse receipts. It Is expected that tlie experiment will 
prove very beneficial to the agricultural interests of the state. 

Horticultuie. Iicglslatlon In the Interest of horticulture and specially 
for the extermination of Injurious Insects and pests continues in 



exact a great deal of attention. In Indiana tbe office of state entomolo- 
gist bas been created; Montana baa establlsbed a state board of horti- 
cultnre; Missouri a fruit exx>eriment station tbe manager of which la to 
Inspect trees and slirubs. Texas has authorized the employmeut of an 
expert entomologist at the state agricoltural and meelianlcal college, to 
devise means of destroying insect' pests, 

Commercial feeding stuffs. In 1897 Masaacbusetts and Maine proTlded 
for the Inspection oC concentrated commercial feeding stufCs; Vermont 
followed In 1898 and ConnecHeut, New Yorlt and Rhode Island during the 
present year. 

Forecrtay. A atate forestry commission baa been created in Michigan, 
a state forestry board In Mlnaeaota and the office of game and forestry 
warden Tn Oregon. To encourage forestry Indiana haa enacted that per- 
manent forest reservations shall be appraised for taxation at $1 an acre. 


Public morals 


I Oct. i8g8 — 30 Sep. 1S99 

Public morals 

(Sw alao CrlmSB, 2SK; RellglouB corporMloni, 962) 


(Bee also Fajnll; property, 1^66; Quardlonahlp, ISU; Charttles-cmidren. 3BW) 

1 Parties. Persons afflicted with syphilis or gonorrhea incapable 

of contracting marriage; felony; husband or wife shall be 
examined against the other; physician compelled to testify. 
Amending G. L. £8593. Uich. 247, 15 Je 

2 License. County recorder to issue; form of Itcense and certificate; 

records to be kept; marriages not to be solemnized without 

~ license. Bepealing R.S.'ST 82434-35, 2437. '95 p.l66 reeaaeted ■ 

to correct illegality in passage. Id. p.278, 14 W 

3 When applicant can not produce official record of birtb probate 

Judge may Issue order to overcome reasonable doubt of clerk or 
registrar, who shall receive notice and Issue certificate. Amend- 
ing '94 cb.401 S2. Ua«s. 197, 28 Mr 

4 To be Issued by county clerk five days before ceremony; minors 

to obtain parents' written consent. Amending R. S. '98 ch. 107. 
Wis. 301, 29 Ap 
6 Not to be granted except on written authority of parent or guard- 
ian wben either party is under 16.. Tnui. 26, 27 Mr 

6 Recovery of penalty for improper issuance to minor amended. 

Code '96 !2849. Ala. p. 39, 23 F 

7 Failure to return license to registrar punishable by fine of S2 to 

910 Iformerly $10]. Amending Q. L. '88 52787. Ct. 24, 23 Mr 

8 Solemnizatloii. B«oard. Persons authorized to solemnize must 

first receive the license: coutttj/ derk [formerly person solemn- ' 
Izlng] shall collect recorder's fee; certificate to be delivered to 
recorder within SO daps [formerly three months]. Amending 
G.S. S473-74, 477-78. Nev. 35. 6 Mr 

No justice shall solemnize unless he is also clerk of city or town, 
city registrar, clerk of court, or assistant to one of these, or has 
lieen designated by governor. Uoss. 387, 23 My 


FubUc morals 


10 Performfug cei'emouj witliout liceose punishable by $50 to $500 

fine. - Tex. 170, 5 Je 

11 Private files In cases where probate judge deeina it best to keep 

dates of marriage secret shall be open to Inspection only on 
order of circuit or supreme court, made on request of person so 
married or when necessary to protect property rlgbts. Amend- 
ing 'BT. 180. Hich. 232, 9 Je 

12 Certiflcates of marriage, In counties where records have been 

destroyed, to be re-recorded. . Mo. p. 322, 31 Mr 


13 Orounds. May be granted In cases of Insanity; proceedings. 

'95 p.ll rceaacted to correct illegality in passage. Id. p.232, 14 F 

14- Incurable insanity continuing two years, the person so suffering 

baying been coofined in an asylum for the time, made a cause 

for divorce. Amending R. C. '96 §2737, 2743. N. D. 77, 6 Mr 

15 Confirmed habits, of Intoxication from use o! liquors, opium or other 

drugs a cause for dlvorefe. Amending '93, 179. Me. 79, 15 Mr 

16 Plaintiff. Two years residence not required for divorce for adul- 

tery. .Amending H. S. §1478. Fla. 65, 19 My 

17 Divorce not granted unless plaintiff has been bona fide resident of 

state for one year [formerly 90 days] preceding commencement 
of suit and is citizen of United States or has declared iyiten- ■ 
tion to become suck. Amending K. C. '95 £2755. If. D. 75, 3 F 

18 Trials. Piocedure. Committee of general assembly to whicb pe- 

tition has been referred may give notice of hearing to attorney 
general. Ct. 20, 21 Mr 

19 Amending notice to nonresident party. G. L. '8S S28M; "93, 8. 

Ct 108, 11 My 

20 Co-respondent in action on ground of adultery has right to demand 

service of summons, so that he may appear in defence. Amend- 
ing C. C. P. S1757. N. T. 661, 25 My 

21 Courts of common pleas may appoint masters in proceedings. 

Pa. 3, 10 Mr 

22 One Justice of the supreme court to be a quorum for trial of peti- 

tions. Amending G.I.. ch.222 g3; '97 ch.451 S3. 

B. I. 649, 6 Ap 

23 Case to be aubmltted to jury on WTittea request of either party 

fi,Ud on or before return day of libel. Amending R. S. ch. 60 S8. 
Ma. 121, 17 Mr 

24 Defendant may voluntarily appear; testimony not to be taken la 

tmo [formerly four] months after filing bllL Amending C.L. 
I862C Mich. 210, 26 My 


Public morals 


26 Causes maj be submitted in courts of equity for flual decree at 
term time oi' in vacatloD in divorce cases after a decree pro con- 
feaao haa been obtained. Ala. p. IIS, 14 D '98 

26 Amending appeal in cases for divorce. B. S. '93 cli. 75 ^4. 

Del. 291. 16 Mt 

27 Allmoiiy. Courts of record may puuisb refusal to pay. Amending 

C.L. 110,891. Mich. 230, 9 Je 

28 Fending suit, court may enjoin Uusband from conveying liis prop- 

erty or from conveying, concealing or interfering witb property 
or clothing of wife or minor children. Amending Vt. S. §2688. 

Vt. 56, 22 N '98 

29 Enforcement of liens for. ■ Vt. 57. 22 N '96 

30 Children. Court mailing decree of divorce or any justice- thereof 

ill vacation may dispose of minor children. Amending R. S. ch. 
60 S17. Ue. 'Si, 16 Mr 

31 When divorce is granted for offense of husband or %cife. court may 

compel husband to maintain cbildren. Amending R.C.'95 
12761. N. n: 78, 24 P 

32 Change of name. Court, after granting divorce, may change name 

of wife and children. Del. 290, 24 F 

Support of family 

33 Husband not Uable for wife's ante-nuptlais debts except by virtue 

of written contract; applies only to future marriages. 

Ark. 5, 1 P 

34 County may sue father, mother or children for support. Amending 

R.S.'ST 82o3l, '97 p.52 reenacted to correct Uiegality in passage. 

Id. p. 301, 18 F 

36 Supreme and mperior courts may order man to contrihute to fani. 

ily'B support. Amending '97, 175. 1I«. 25, 1 Mr 

36 Court may release person convicted of failure to provide for wife 

or child on bond; neglected party may sue on Iwurt; convict to 
be fined or imprisoned on default. Amending G. S. 86536. 

Klun. 74, 21 Mr 

37 Necessaries furnished to family are chargeable on property of 

both busband and wife or either. Amending G. S. §5533. 

Minn. 325, 20 Ap 

38 Board, lodging and medical attendance of apprentice to be fur- 

nished by master or employer or hy parent or guardian. Amend- 
ing '98 ch. 272 871. N. T. 448, 27 Ap 


fvbllc morals 



(KelatlDS chleair to reEtrlctad amUBementa. Bee alio Blc;cleB, S2eG; Cluba, WO) 

38 QajabUag. IiOtterles. Begalatlons for Buppresalon of gambling. 

Id. p. 389, 6 F 

40 FeloQf to keep place for playing 'crapa.' Amending 'S3, 230. 

' Teim. 5, 2 Mr 

41 Penalty for keeping Klondike or other gambling machine In place 

of public resort Vt. 121, 29 N '98 

42 Referring to next legislature constitational amendment author- 

izing the iDcorporation of a lottery. Nov. j. r. 10, 6 Mr 

43^ Saclng. Licenaelng of book-making and pool selling amended ('97 

p. 100). Mo. p. 170, 17 My 

44 Governor to appoint three [formerly two] persons to collect tax 

imposed on race courses; state divided Into two districts for this 
purpose. Amending '9S cb. 396 |2D. S. T. 414, 24 Ap 

45 Unlawful for bicycle race or other contest to continue longer than 

12 hours In 24. N. T. 316,14Ap 

46 Prize-fighting, Repealing P. C, '87 8657 making spectators guilty 

of misdemeanor. Axi. 40, 14 Mr 

47 Penalty for Instigating $1000 to $5000 and one to tAree' [formerly 

two] years; sparring matebes of limited rounds excepted. Amend- 
ing P. G. §412. Col. 121, 20 Mr 

48 Prlze-flghtlng a misdemeanor; athletic associations to pay annual 

license of $1000 or more for sparring matches. Col. 123, 6 Ap 

49 Shows. Theaters. Prohibiting public exhibitions of criminals 

and deformed persona. lU. p. 148, 22 Ap 

50 Penalty for reproducing obscene language on phonograph or glv,- 

ing immoral show. He. 105, 17 Ur 

51 License may be withheld from tbeatrical exhibition employing 

child acrobats under 15. Wis. 330. 3 Hy 

52 Amending R. S. '87 %Hi5, 1454, relating to show and exhibition 

Ucenses. Wy. 91. 21 F 

53 Flue for wearing bat at theater or other indoor amusement. 

Wy. 74, 21 F 

Intoxicating liquors. Narcotics 

64 State. State liquor agents to be appointed to sell liquor to cits 
and town agents In cities and towns which by vote decide to 
have local liquor agents Cor sale of liquors for medicinal, 
scientific and sacramental purposes; rules governing sales; 
penalties for adulteration and for unauthorized sale. Bepeal- 
ing P. 8. ■91 ch. 112 il-14. W. ^ 71, 11 Mr 

r ,,i,C.(.KWIc 

Public morftls 


55 Anieudiug luouaguiueut of Iowa liquor agencieiti tjacb towu lo 

keep a record open lo Inspection of eacb sale and person to 

whom made; audit of accounts of agencies (VLS. ch.lST; '94, 72). 

Vt. 88, 22. N '98 

56 Towns may_ close their town liquor ajgeacles; county commissioner 

to revolie license of town agent Vt 89, 29 N '98 

07 Local option, guestion of prohll>ition la counties to be submitted 
on petitloa of one tliiril [formerly one fourtb] of electors for 
supercisur Lfoi'merly governor]; supervisors to talie action on 
petition at iie^t regular [formerly Bpecial] meeting; on affirma- 
tive vote supervisors shall [formerly may] order prohibition; 
notice to be published every uxek till ael takes effect [formerly 
four times]; home grown tciue or cider in five gallon lota mag 
be sold; penalty for first offense fine aad [formerly or] im- 
prisonment; druggists in prohibition counties shall report 
toeekly to prosecuting attorney persons procuring Uquor, dates, 
quantities and pttrposea; reports open to public. Amending '89, 
. 297. Ulch. 183, 18 Ap 

58 Regulations for calling special town meetings to vote on question 
of liquor Belling when jquestlon was not properly submitted 
to regular meeting. Amending '97 cb. 312 S16. 

H. T. 3S8, 21 An 
SB On petition of one third of the voters, the county commissioners 
shall order an election in the county, city or town to decide 
as to tbe sale of liquor; certain counties excepted. 

N. 0. CiGl, 6 Mr 

60 DUpensarles. lncori>orated cities and towns in wUlch the sale 

of liquor la not prohibited by law, may sell liquors; not more 
than one dispensary for eacb 10,000 population; dispenser 
elected for term of two years; salary; coun^ commlssioDers 
may conduct dispensaries at places outaide cities and towns 
and not under prohibitory law; regulation; certain comities 
excepted. Ala. p. 108. 18 F 

61 Submitting tbe question of repeal of art 27 of constitution: that 

the manufacture and sale of liquors be under exclusive state 
control and be conducted by agents paid by salary, not com- 
mission. Tote Swxmber 1900. S. S. 64 

62 Use of palmetto tree label by state board of control prohibited. 

S. a 7S, 8 Mr 
Uqn(» llouiaes 

63 General— regulation. Regulations for granting amended (O. L. 

■88 13064; '97, 154). Ct. 186, IE Je 

64 Amending '93 175 regulating appeals from decision of county 

commlBSioners granting. Gt 161, 9 Je; 223, 22 Je 


Public morals 


as Ulaor aroendmente to liquor law ('73, 418). Del. 246, 30 Mr 

68 Regulating method of grantlug permits where majority o( electors 

petltlou for sale. Pla.. 86 

67 Revision of' laws relating to number of places wblch may be 

licensed. Mass. 462, 2 Je 

88 Licensing sale In incorporated parks; application to lae signed by 

12 freeholders. N. J. 77, 22 Mr 

69 Local licenses remain In force till first Tuesday of July after 

they bucomc effeotive [formerly after granting thereof]. 
Amending R.S.'OS §1543. Wis. 1G6. 1 Ap 

70 Lawful to sell on trains; state liceBSe ?10 a car. Wy. 83, 21 F 

71 Rates. Wholesale license in small towns SZOO [formerly $150] « 

year. Amending '97, 49. • Ct 172, 9 Je 

78 Persons selling liquor not to be drunk on the premises to pay 

license of $200 a year. Amending '91 p. 33. Id. p. 21, 2 F 

73 Excise boards. Town trustees may grant licenses; amending '77. 

92. Ind. 60, '85. Ihiconstitutional. Amendment to an act 
which itself has been declared unconstitutional Copaland v. 
Town of Sheridan, Dl N. B. 474. 

74 Creating an excise department In seaside or summer resort 

cities voting to accept act N. J. 214, 24 Mr 

75 Fees of excise commissioner in cities of 200,000 amended; 60S 

to go to state ('93 p.l49). Mo. p.l76. 17 My 

76 Miscellaneous. Amending R.S.'4G p.577 relating to residence 

of freeholders recommending a license for an Inn or tavern 
In a borongh. TH. I. 145, 24 Mr 

77 Correcting R.S.'ys S1562 as to expenditure of license money. 

Wis. 351, 4 My 

7S 50% of the money collected for licenses to go to school fund of 

the scliool district, 40% to county road fund, and 10% to state 

treasury [formerly 10% (o State and 90% to county]; exception 

as to cities. '95 p.S7 reeiiacted to correct illegality in passage. 

Id. p.242, 14 F 
Regulations and restrictions. iSec also AduiteraUon, «ai) 

.79 Saloons. Minor under 18 not to be empUiyed In handling liquors. 

~ Mass. 413, 25 My 

SO Prohibiting tbe drinking of liquor on premises when sold In 

quantities of one quart or over [formerly one Quart to five 

gallons]. Amending '89, 53. N. J. 147, 24 Mr 

81 Special places prohibited. Misdemeanor to sell within four miles 

ot school or church; Incorporated towns and cities excepted. 
Xla. 22, 2 Je 

82 Sale prohibited within two miles of certain named churches, 

schools and places. V. 0. 886, 8 Mr 


Public morals 


83 Unlawful to sell within four miles of a schoolhouse in towns of 

not oner 2000 hereafter incorporated (formerly all towns ex- 
cepted]. Amending '87, 167. Team. 221. 17 Ap 

84 Repealing R. S. '98 H'^<X) forbidding sale near Indian reserva- 

tions. . U. 46, 9 Mr 

85 P rob! biting sale within 2000 feet of soldiers' homes; grounds 

excepted. lU. p. 149, 21 Ap 

86 Special times prohibited. All saloons Lformerly within one half 

mile] to be closed from 10 to 3 on Decoration day in all cltiei, 
towns and villages Kliere memorial exercises are Iteld. Amending 
■97, 213. Minn. 206, 18 Ap 

87 Persons to wbDm sala prohibited. Not to be tumished minors. 

Del. 246, 30 Mr 

88 Misdemeanor for minor to i-epresent himself as of age in order 

to obtain. Amending '81, 121. Nev. 81, 14 Mr 

89 Repealing '97 p. 08 which made it unlawful to sell at retail on 

credit, Mon. p. 104, 16 F 

90 When bustiand fails to support family, wife may serve notice on 

keepers of salooDS and gambling places aud miiy recover dam- 
ages arising from failure to observe notice, Wy. 71, 21 F 
Illegal traffic. Prosecutions 

91 Pemaltiee. Misdemeanor to procure liquor for another in prohib- 

ited district Ark. 191, 8 My 

92 Penalty for selling in prohibited district not over 12 months 

[formerly and not less than three] or oot over $1000 [formerly 
and not less than $500], Repealing '97, 37. Ka. 85, 2 Je 

93 Penalty for selling without license or allounng sale on premises SS9 

to SSOO and stir months in jail. Tenn. 161, 7 Ap 

94 Arrest. Seizure. Judicial officers on infonnation or their own 

linowledge or ronsonabie belief to issue warrant to search for 
and destroy liquors in prohibited districts; peace officers failing 
shall forfeit commiaslon; owner to liave day In court. 

Ark. 13, 13 F 

95 Justice may on complaint filed issue warrant to search premises, 

seize liquors and arrest pereon suspecteil of selling without 
license. Amending R. S. '98, S1551. Wis. 194, 18 Ap 

96 Prosecutions. Amending Vt, S, S4522-29 relative to abatement of 

Illegal Belling as a common nuisance, Vt. 90. 29 N '98 

97 When justice or police court has no Jurisdiction but thinks the 

offender Is guilty of violating liquor laws, bond shall be required 
for appearance at supreme court Amending 1',S.'91 ch,112 
*28, N. H. W), 8 Mr 


Public morals 


Intoxication. Inebriates 

98 Dlspaomaniac may be detained in hospital not over two years; may 

be discharged wheD trustees deem him no longer svbject to 
L inebriety. Amending '89, 414; 'ST, 474. Uass. 325, 2 My 

99 Applicant for commitment of dlpeomaniflc and witnesses to be ex- 

amined on oath; patient to be served with summons; entitled to 
hearing; on appeal to superior court issue may be submitted 
to Jury on appellant's request. Ameadlng '89, 414. 

HasB. 266. 12 Ap 
Tobacco. Opium 

100 Manufactuie and sale of cigarettes forbidden; except filled with 

Cuban or Florida tobacco to be shipped out of state. Fla. 71 

101 Sole of cigarettes and tobacco to minors under 16 forbidden; fine 

?10 to 5100, Tei. 139, 23 My 

102 Penalty for selling to minor under 21 cigarettes or tobacco or paper 

to malte tJietit $100 to $300 [formerly JIO to f50]. Amending 
Digest '94 §1817-18. Ark. 75, 22 Mr 

103 Everg [formerly every white] person who keeps an opium resort 

or who buys or smokes opium guilty of misdemeanor. Amend- 
ing It.S.'87 S6830-32. '93 p.22 reeiiacted to correct Ulegality i» 
passage. Id. p. 172, 9 F 

Order. Decency 

(See aUo Crimes, E5GB) 

104 Inhumanity. Misdemeanor to deprive child of necessary food, 

clothes or medical attendance, or to excessively chastise or to 
mutilate. Fla. 60, 1 Je 

105 Society for prevention of cruelty to animals, or other similar soci- 

ety, may destroy animals found maimed and abandoned; penalty 

for abandonment S. C. 70, 6 Mr 

loS Unlawful to dock horse's tall. Col. 93, 6 Ap; Minn. 68, 18 Mr 

107 Court may remit fines where. animal cruelly treated ia surrendered 
" for destruction. ^ Vt. 119, 19 N '98 

108 State board of four members known as Weal Vii^inia Humane 

society created to protect children, the aged and animals; ap- 
pointed by governor; power to receive children under 16 surren- 
dered, or under 14 abandoned or mistreated by parents; pro- 
cedure. W. Va. 9, 21 F 

109 Hevlalon of laws as to corporations to prevent cruelty to children 

and animals, Mich. 206, 25 My 

110 Membership corporations for the prerention of cruelty to children 

or animals shall be subject to visitation of supreme court. 
Amending '95 cb. 558 516, W. Y. SCO, 18 Ap 


" Public morals 


111 ProstitutloD. Cities, towns and villages maj regulate or suppress. 

'97 p. JS rccnactcd to correct itlegality in passaye. 

Id. p. 295, 16 F 

112 Unlawful to send minor under IS to deliver message or letter at 

bouse of 111 fame. KLnn. 313, 20 Ap 

113 Felony to keep bouse, tent, vehicU, resort or place of any kind or 

description for Indecent purposes. Amondlng G. S. S65T5. 

Minii. 158, 11 Ap 

114 Problbltlng tbe nse of prairie schooners and covered vebicles for 

purposes of prostitution. S. D. 120, 16 F 

115 Travellngonblgbways for purpose of prostitution a felony; penalty. 

Mo. p. 168, 12 Ap 

116 Bastardf.. Amending Ann. S. '99 1 6S17--26 relating to. 

S. D. WJ. 24 P 

117 Procedure in bastardy cases amended. G. L. '88 S1206. 

Ct. 105, 11 My 

118 Abolishing fees in bastardy eases for entering, furnishing copies 

and transmitting respondent's bond to superior court. 

Hass. 333, 4 My 
lis Clerks of police, municipal and district courts may approve bas- 
tardy bonds. Mass. 262, 10 Ap 

120 Obsoene llteo^ture and adveirtisements. Mlsdemeanoi* to make 

obscene drawings or writing in any public place or to advertise 
indecent play. Amending R. S. '96 S4590. Wis. 128, 8 Ap 

121 Sundajr observance. Commissioner of labor to investigate Sunday 

labor. ■ Minn. 148, 11 Ap 

122 Corporations or persons ordering work in shops to be done on 

Sunday guilty of misdemeanor. S. C. 72, 6 Mr 

123 Closing barber sbops on Sunday. I>el. 264, 23 F 

124 Every Sunday shall be close season for birds and game. 

Mass. lie, 1 Mr 
185 Sunday laws not to affect the running of electric cars. 

Ct. 63, 19 Ap 

126 Permitting certain trains to be run on Sunday between 10.30 a.m. 

and 3 p.m. Ct. 48, 6 Ap 

127 Unlawful to Ure gun or pistol on Sunday. Oa. p. 107, 9 D '93 
188 Fine for Sabbath breaking Jl to $10. Amending R. C. '95 S8847. 

M". D. 142, 8 Mr 

129 DiaOTd«rly conduct. Unlawrul to discharge firearms, except In 

self defence, while on passenger train. Ala. p. 154, 23 F 

130 Misdemeanor to diacliarge or recklessly handle firearms on pas- 

senger train. Fla. 40, 29 My 

131 Drunkenness and shooting on or near highways forJaidden. 

S. g, 87, S Mt 



132 Increasing fine and Imprisonment [or dtstnrbing the public peace. 

Amending Vt. S. S5(M3. Vt. 120, 16 N '98 

133 Weapons. Citrrylag concealed metal kuucks a misdemeanor. 

Amending Code '95 |34I. Oa. p. 60, 20 D '98 

134 Cities of 100,000 may fls fees for carrying revolvers; fees to go 

to sick and pension fund of police department. W. J. 126, 23 Mr 

136 Dead bodies — dissection. Unclaimed bodies of criminals and 

paupers In Kent county to be delivered to Grand Rapids medi- 
cal college. Amending C. L., 85897-98, Mich. 193, 10 My 
1S6 Unclaimed bodies [formerly bodies unclaimed by relatives] re- 
quiring burial at public expense may be given to physician; 
otlier amendments to '97, 28 relating to advancement of ana- 
tomical and surgical science. TJ, H. 10, 15 F 

137 Repealing '97, 203 regulating tlie procuring and distributing of 

dead bodies for the promotion of medical science. 

N. C. 8, 14 Ja 

138 Bodies of deceased paupers may tie given to medical schools; 

regulations. Okl. 22, 10 Mr 

139 Creating state commission tO dispose of unclaimed bodies of 

paupers and criminals in counties ot 40,000; distribution to 
medical colleges. Tenn. 206, 12 Ap 

140 Cartow. Cities may by ordinance prohibit the loitering of chil- 

dren on the streets at night Ct. 217, 20 Je 


(See aleo Beat and dumb, blind, 3531) 

School orgranization 

141 .Oeoeral. Systems. Codes. General school law; state board of 

public Instruction; state superintendent; county superintendent; 
teachers certificates; school fund; iustltutes; textbook commis- 
sioners to fumiah uniform textbooks; school trustees. '93 p. 187; '93 
p. 31, 156, and '97 p. 11, 25, 28, 96 reenacted to correct illegality 
in passage. Id. p. S5, 6 F 

Amended, Id, p. 337, 28 F; p. 435, 6 Mr; p. 439, 7 Mr 

142 General rerlalon of school law. JS. C. 732, 7 Mr 

143 General school law; duties of superintendent of public Instruc- 

tion; state board of educalion to consist of governor, secretary 
of state and superintendent of public instruction; powers; to 
prepare courses of study and grant state certificates; county 
superintendent; to apportion school funds and conduct exam- 
inations for county certificates; teachers inatltutes. 

Or. p, 809, 20 F 



144 Generally amending Bcliool code ('97, 118). Wash. 142, 15 Mr 

145 CoDiinisslon created to revise school laws. W, Va, j. t. iS, 4 F 

146 Minor amendments to bebool law (R.S.'&7 eh. 122). 

m. p. 349. 22 Ap 

147 Common schools' In cities of 100,000. lud. 200, 4 Mr 

148 Township, town and city school trugtees to have complete manage- 

ment of schools: minimum school term six months; to establish 
high schools. Joint high schools or pay tuition of pupils in high 
schools of other school corporations. Ind. 192, 4 Mr 

149 Ameudiog school law <C. S. '97, S4GSS, 4805, 4806, 4811) as to 

registration of voters, appointment aod salary of attorney 
and secretary of school board, beglonlng of term of office, and 
bond of treasurer. Neb. 59, 1 Ap; 66, 1 Ap 

150 Amending '97 p. 13G; P. C. '95 81793, 1794 relating to classi- 

fication of districts, election of trustees and their organization. 
KOO. p. 57, 3 Mr 

151 aCeetlngs. Elections. Snffra,^. Elections; women may vote; 

property qualification $100. but In districts of under 1000 widows 

and men having children may vote. Or. p. 22, 15 O '98 

162 Electors residing In district SO days prior to election entitled to 

vote. Amending E. 8. '98 S428. Wla. 233, 20 Ap 

153 Special elections may be held in districts In cities of 50,000 [for- 

merly 100,000] to 300,000; method of To.ting loans and levies. 
Amending '93 p. 238. Ko. pi 354, 3 Ap 

154 Calling of town school meeting by selectmen [formerly clerk]. 

Amending Vt. S. |72a Vt. 60, 19 N '98 

150 Election of directors amended (C. L, '97 81632). M". M. 80. 16 Mr 
186 Amending P. C. '95 !1772 relating to election of trustees. 

Ttt.aa. p. 56, 28 F 

167 Illegal voting at school meeting a misdemeanor, lilnn. 98, 25 Mr 

155 Directors attending triennial conventions for electing county 

superintendents to be paid $1 and expenses; misdemeanor for 
candidates to pay expenses of directors. Pa. 8, 18 Mr 

DIstTiets.. Flactt of attendance 

168 Formation. Division. Consolidation. Commissioners of each 

county (n which there is territory not organized for school pur- 
poses may create districts; any school township containing 
city of 800 may organize exterior territory. Amending R. 0. 
'95 !6B0. N. D. 143 

160 Districts In unorganized counties must contain 12 [formerly 20] 
children of school age and $5 [formerly 60] voters; striking out 
provision as to limits. Amending '97 ch. 99 S6. 

Minn. 46, 9 Mr 



191 Tormatlon of new districts amended ('93 p. 267). 

1S.0. p. 346, 27 Ap 

162 Part of one district wholly surrounded by another to be detached 

and added to latter. Klnn. 203, 19 Ap 

168 CommlSBlonera' courts may change boundaries of districts when 

petitioning patrons live nearer school in other district or are 

cut ofF from their own scliool bf obstacles. Amending R. S. '95 

. .art 8938. Tex. 183. 6 Je 

164 New district formed from one or Tnore old ones, is entitled to Jmt 

share of school moneys of old districts and to alt [formerly 

part] of special tax raised in new. Amending '97 ch. 118 gll6. 

Wasli. 14, 21 F 

165 Issuance of bonds by districts stiall not prevent formation of new 

districts whether bonds have been paid or nol. Amending '97 
ch. 118 572. Waab. 14, 21 P 

160 Three taKpayers having children from 5 to 12 living one and one 
half miles from school may appeal to probate Judge from truB- 
tees' decision as to boundaries. Amending C. L. £4749. 

SLitsh. 258, 23 Je 

167 Person or district atfected by alteration of district may appeal to 
county commissioners who shall hear de novo; notice filed wltb 
any member of board if there is no clerk; Indebtedness of dis- 
tricts affected shall be apportioned Justly, Amending '97 ch.118 
g4. Wash. 14, 21 P 

108 Alteration of boundaries of nnion free school districts amended 
('94 cb. 556 t. 8 §30). N. T. 540, 5 My 

169 Partially depopulated districts may, upon petition, be attached to 

adjacent ones; compensation allowed for conveying pupils liv- 
ing three miles from school. Ean. 177, 6 Mr 

170 Independent municipal districts. Providing for special districts 

and special taxes; election held on petition of one fourth of tax- 
paying electors. Pla. 17, 5 Je 

171 Cities under 20,000, under special cbarters, and having the govern- 

ment of the public schools may extend their control to schools 
In territory annexed. 111. p. 345, 12 Ap 

1713 City districts of 100,000 to 300,000 may annex adjoining city dis- 
tricts of less than 100,000: vote. Mo, p. 358, 6 Ap 

173 Amending rules relating to the attaching of adjacenfterrltory to 

Independent districts (Ann. S. '99 fi2530). S. D. 78, 6 Mr 

174 Plac^ of attendance. Minor amendment to power of trustees to 
' admit pnplls from other districts (R, S. '87 S1530 ^14). 

Art. 8, 21 F 
17B Pupils In a district without a graded school may attend school In 
another district of the county; tuition to be paid by state; regu- 
lations. IM. 219, 9 Mr 




176 Application for transfer of child from one scbool corporation to 

another; appeal may be carried to etate superintendent; tuition. 
Ind. 188, 4 Mr 

177 Bevlslon of law aa to cblldren in unorganized townehipB. 

Ke. 89, 16 Mr 

178 District boards empowered to admit pupils frotfi adjacent districts 

and adfacent unorganized territory; pritiUge not to be refused 
Khen parents oum property in district. Amending R. G. '95 £696. 
r. D. 84. 9 Mr 
170 Child may attend in adjoining town, Amending Vt S. §689. 

Vt 25, 28 N '98 
Offlcwrt. Board* 

180 School officers and teachers may act as agents for tbeir own pub- 

lications. Amending 'TS ch. 26 £23. Tenn. 24, 27 Mr 

181 State. Governor to appoint three additional members of board of 

education. Amending Ann. S. '97 £4420. Ind. 193, 4 Mr 

182 Salary of superintendent to be paid in monthlj/ [formerly quarterly] 

instalments. Amending C. L. '97 £1516. IT. K. 80, 16 Mr 

183 Snperintendent shall be ex officio treasurer and secretary of state 

board of education [formerly elected by board]. Amending '76 
ch. 90 £12. Tann. 343, 19 Ap 

184 Referring to next legislature constitutional amendment fixing term 

of superintendent at two years. Not repassed by legislature of 
1899. Wis. ]. r. 22, '97 

186 Referring to next legislature amendment to constitution fixing 
term of superintendent at four years. Wl*. J. r. 16 

IBO Expenses of assistant superintendent and library clerk to be paid 
by state; superintendent may appoint mailing clerk, salary 
JIOOO. Wis. 297. 28 Ap 

1B7 Superintendent shall hold tico [formerly four! annual conventions 
with county superintendents for purposes of consultation and 
advice. Amending R. S. '98 £166. Wia. 59, 24 Mr 

188 County. Creating office of superintendent; to hold teachers ex- 

aminations, to inspect schools and to apportion school fund. 
'97 p. 79 reenacted to eotrect illegality in passage. Id. p. 306, 17 F 

189 On failure of county board to fill vacancy in the office of super- 

intendent the county Judge shall meet with the board and cast 
the deciding vote. Amending R, S. '97 ch. 122 £14. 

111. p. 343, 22 Ap 

190 Revision of law goverulng superintendents; term four [formerly 

two] years; bond $S00O [formerly $1000]; liable to impeachment 
[formerly county commissioners might dismiss]. Ind. 143. 3 Mr 

191 Term of office of superintendent to begin In May [formerly Janu- 

ary]. Kan. 244, 4 Mr 



192 Fixing qnaUficativDs of superintendent Ean. 245, 4 Mr- 

193 Superintendents In coantiee of 28,000, where special laws fix salary 

at JIOOO or less with no ciei-lt hire, most visit schools; salary to- 
be fixed by general taws. Uinn. 239, 17 Ap- 
104 Election of school commissioner amended ('96 p. 202). 

Ko. p. 350, 11 My 

195 Chairman of board of edncation may administer oaths. 

H. C. Sfi, 13 F 

196 Board of edacatlon abotisbed. Repeating '97, lOS. 

N. C. 374, 4 Mr 

197 Boards of education to consist of superintendent and two persons 

elected for four yean [formerly appointed by county commission- 
era for two years]. Amending '85, 31. Ner. 13, 28 F 

198 Repealing '89, &1-52, providing for election or appointment of 

superintendents in certain counties. Nev. 105, 20 Mr 

190 Amending compensation of superintendent ('87, 60). 

N. M. 24, 1 Mr; 25, 1 Mr 

200 Superintendent not to receive per diem payment Amending C. L. 

'97 61524. N. M. 30, 16 Mr 

201 Term of office of superintendent to begin first Monday in July after 

election. Okl. 30 art. 1, 10 Mr 

1202 Fixing qualifications of deputy superintendents. Amending Okl. 
. S. '93 85762. \ Okl. 30 art. 3. 24 F 

203 Applicante for position of superintendent to be examined in October 

and other times fixed by state board; those standing 90% on average 

and beUnc 70% in no study eicempt from further examination. 

■ Amending '95, 54. Tenn. Z31, 17 Ap 

804 Person under contract to teach no longer ineligible to election a» 
superintendent. Amending R. S. 'BS S702a. Wis. 351, 4 My 

205 Candidate for superintendent must havfe taught [formerly success- 
fully] eight months in state; his affidavit prima facie evidence. 
Amending B. S. '9il §37. Wis. 351, 4 My 

■806 District. Township. Towns of not over 1500 may abolish boarda 
of trustees and give control to township trustees. Ind. 160, 3 Mr 

207 Voter owning in his own right property assessed [formerly liable to 

assessment] eligible to school district office. Amending C. L. 
H609. Mich. 184. 28 Ap 

208 District officers shall be elected third Saturday In July [formerly 

June] ; take office August [formerly July] 1. Amending '97, 195. 
Minn. 15, 17 F 

209 School boards may fill vacancies in board till next general elec- 

tion. Minn. 193, 13 Ap 

810 Bepeallng '91, 81. and supplementary acts, providing for election 

of trustees. [Bevlsed law of '97 ch. 88 covers the same 

ground.]- Nev. 105, 20 Mr 


LblGISLATlON, 1899 39 

Sll Two or move towns or special districts may unite to form super- 
visory district for employing a enperln ten dent of schools! regu- 
lations. N. H. 77, 11 Mr 

212 Certain officers of districts not to teach In schools. Amending 

Q. L. cb. 61 56. B. I. 620, 3 Mr 

213 Where school and civil districts are not coestenslve, three directors 

shall be elected biennially. Tenn. 218, 13 Ap 

214 School trustees shall be elected on first Saturday in April [formerly 
. June] and enter on duties on first of May [formerly July]. 
. Amending R, 8, "95 art, 3953. . Tex. 37, 15 Mr 

216 Including school trustees in law against bribery. Fen. C. '95 t. 5 
ch. 1. Tex. ISl, 5 Je 

216 Amending duties of dii'ectors and of clerk of board. Vt S. S673, 

679-80. Vt. 20, 1 D "98 

217 Municipal and independeat. Term of members of board of edu- 

cation In cities of 1500 to begin In Man [formerly July]. Amend- 
ing C. S. '97 i4S0G. Neb. 66, 1 Ap 
XI8 Boards In cities of 100,000 voting to accept this act to consist of 
nine members elected from city at large for three year term; 
vacancies. K. J. 74, 22 Mr 

219 Boards la cities of 100,000 may appoint secretary; term not to 

exceed five years. N. J. 186, 24 Mr 

220 Superintendents In cities of 100,000 to have such powers and 

duties as the boards may determine; salary not to exceed $4500. 
N. J. 183, 24 Mr 

221 Providing uniform method of electing trustees in independent dis- 

tricts, and repealing R. S. 'il5 art. 400S, mailing county judges 
and mayors of cities and towns ex officio members. 

Tex. 61, 30 Mr 

222 Boards of education not affected by raising village to fourth class 

city. Amending R. S. '98 §925. subdlv. 115. Wis. 287, 28 Ap 

223 ■ Districts containing city of 1500 and spending on schools $4000 in 

year ending J«ly 1, 1898 may have seven directors. 

Wis. 317, 2 My 
Buildings. Orounds 

224 ConBtructioa. County commissioners on request of school board 

may after vote of taxpayers contract debts for school real 
estate. Fla. 21, 1 Je 

225 Boards in city districts under 10,000 may issue bonds for school- 

houses. Uinn. 155, 11 Ap; 237, 17 Ap 

22S On notice from the board that additional accommodations are 
needed council may make appropriation; bonds. 

N. J. 108, 23 Mr 




887 Muuldpalltlea may borrow money to restore schoolhouses dam- 
aged or destroyed; limit; sinking fuod; temporary quarters. 

H. J. 198, 24 Mr 
238 OouQty superintendent may, if a district refuses to build school- 
boose, transfer portion of school fund to school building fund. 
N. H. 46, 15 Mr 
S&O Districts may borrow $500 for building porposes. 

Or. p. 21, 15 O '98 

230 Boards of education in taxlog districts of 60,000 may issue $80,000 

additional bonds for buildings. Tean. 273, 22 Ap' 

231 Districts adjacent to incorporated town may build and control 

schoolhoose in town. Tann. 328, 20 Ap 

232 Sitae. Orouuds. Board of education may acquire sites for school- 

bouses under the law of eminent domain. 111. p. 349, 22 Ap 

233 Cities of 36,000 may condemn land for schools. Amending '91, 41. 

Tann. 8S2, 21 Ap- 

234 Care. Sanitation, Repealing '97, 17 creating territorial school- 

house Insorance fund. Okl. IT art 2, 2 Mr 

23B District boards most provide water closets for school buildings. 

Nab. 61, 7 Mr 

School finance 

state taxaa and funds. (Bee alio State nnaiice, 10E9) 

236 Permanent free school fund may be invested, first in United 

States, state or county bonds; then in municipal bonds; boards 
of education shall have 10 days option on county or municipal 
bonds approved by attorney general at price offered by best 
bona fide bidder. Amending R. S. '96 art. 3892-94. 

Tax. 8T, 20 Ap 

237 Tax9s. General property tas of 1 mill levied'for schools. 

Ala. p, 217, 23 F 

238 Legislature may appropriate $100,090 for schools from state &ea*urjf 

and levy a school tax; total to equal $5 a ctilid. Amending '94, 
33B. M". J. 31, 15 Mr 

239 Collateral Inheritances to be taxed 5%; proceeds to be for support 

of state university and for educational purposes. 

Mo. p. 328. 19 Ap 

240 Funds. Lands. iBee alio Public [aaas, 11!E) 16th-section fund to be 

transferred to permanent school fund. Ark. 159, 8 My 

241 Commissioner of school fund In his annual report to state amount 

of Interest due and nnpald for six months or more. Repealing 
G. L. '88 S358. Ct 34, 30 Mr 

242 Ain&uding salary of commissioner of school fund (G. L. '88 §3706). 

Ct 162. 9 Je 




243 General law relating to management of school lands and funds 

deriveil from tbem. Repealing C. S. '97 cL. 80. Neb, 69, I Ap 

244 RepeallDg G. S. S1363-64 authorizing state Buperistendeat to draw 

percentage allowed by United States on sale of public lands. 

Sev. 105, 20 Mr 
S4S Repealing reqnirement that territorial acbool fund be kept separate 

from others (C. L. '97 §1540). H. M. 80, 16 Mr 

246 State finance law '98, S60 amended as to disposition of surplus 

moneys arising from foreclosure of loan office mortgages made 

to secure iuTestments of education fund. N. Y. 458, 27 Ap 

847 CommlBBlouer of university and Bcbool lands authorized to lease 

lands for two years to clear same of weeds; rent la advance. 

N. U. 166, 9 Mr 

248 Fixing fees in office of commissioner of university and school 

lands. • M". D. 165, 24 F 

249 Generally amending laws relating to management of the irreduc- 

ible school fund. Or. p. 156, 18 P 

S50 Withdrawing from sale certain school lands and reducing rate of 

Interest on loans from school and university funds. 

Or. p. 78, 17 P 
251 Lands recovered from railroads or other parties by. state shall be 

part of permanent school fund. Tex. 81, 18 Ap 

BD2 Repealing R. 8. '95 I389S--390] transferring 1% of permanent school 

fund to available fund annually. Tex. 14, 1 Mr 

253 Investment of funds. Loans from school fund on real estate 

amended (G. U. '88 S357]. Ct. 36. 30- Mr 

254 Submitting constitutional amendment allowing permanent ednca- 

tlonal funds of the state to be loaned on school district bonds 
and on state warrants. Vote November 1900. Id. p. 330, 3 Mr 

S55 State land commissioners may accept deed from mortgagor of 
lands on which school money has been loaned and discharge 
him from the debt. Id. p. 439, 6 Mr 

256 Submitting constitutional amendment permitting permanent school 

and university funds to be Invested In local govemment hands 
which will not make debts exceed 15% [formerly 7%] of assessed 
valuation. Vote November 1900. Uinn. 92, 23 Mr 

257 State treasurer may Invest school fund in bonds of school districts 

[formerly at not less than 5% Interest]. Amending '88, 45. 

H. J. 130, 23 Mr 

258 Referring to next legislature amendment to constitution author- 

izing school funds to be invested in municipal bonds. 

N. D. p. 261 
9B9 Permanent school fund may be invested in county bonds [formerly 
bearing 5% interest). Amending R. S. '96 art 3893. 

Tex. 187, 23 My 



360 School funds may be loaned for erection of school bulldlnga or 
refunding indebtedness, for not over 15 [formerly 10] years at 
3 1-S% (formerly 4%]. Amending R. S. '98 S258, 261. 

WlB. 139, 8 Ap 

861 Surplus Bcbool funds may be iuTested In town, village, city or 
county, bonds netting 3^; may be loaned to boards of educa- 
tion at 5 J-2% [formerly 4%]. Wis. 130, 8 Ap 

992 Apportloninent. Stat* aid. Manner of payment to county of Its 
apportionment of school fund.amended (Code '96 J3601). 

AU. p. i5. 16 D '98 

963 State school funds to be tvltbheld from to\rns neglecting to 

rrniiiiiic teachers, have prescribed instruction giv^n or provide text- 
iHmks. Amending R. S. ch. 11 S7. Me. M. 11 Mr 

964 State aid to rural pchoola ISo.OOO [formerly $20,000] annually; not 

over 30% [formerly 20%] of districts In county to be aided In any 
year; schools of tiro rooms, icilh one teacher holding first grade cer- 
tificate and one at least second grade, entitled to SlOO [formerly 
$50]. Amending '97, 259. Uinu. 54, 11 Mr 

205 Revision of laws as to state high school board and state aid; 
Inspectors of liigli and graded schools; four classes of schools 
lo be aided: state high, $85,000; graded, $26,000; semigraded,, 
fll.OOO; rural, 540,000. Minn. 3B2, 21 Ap 

866 Repealing '93, 421, appropriating to' each district an amount eaoal 
to its special school tax. N. C. 393, 6 Mr 

987 - Appropriating $100,000 annually to schools of the state, to be 
apportioned to counties on the basis of school population. 

N. C. 63t, 8 Mr 

SeS Minor amendments relating to apportionment of tuition fund, 

N. D. 83, 6 Mr 

269 Distributing the funds to arise from leasing territorial school 

lands. Okl. 25, 10 Mr 

270 Controller oC treasury shall certify to county Judge amount of 

warrant for school funds sent semiannually to county trustee. 
Tenn. 395, 21 Ap 
871 No state funds to go to districts unless school is maintained seven 
[formerly sis] months. Amending R. S. '98 S554. 

Wis. 115, 1 Ap 
979 State superintendent to apportion school money to counties be- 
tween December 10 and 15 [formerly November 1]. Amendtuji 
R.S.'98 51072a. Wis. 351, 4 My 

973 UlscellanaouB reg:ulatlons. Annual and enumeration reports of 
school directors good under their official oaths when signed; 
V certify falsely. Ark. 47, 7 Mr 



SUilJlAKY OF LliGlSLATlON, 1890 43 

274 State board may speud $1000 auoually for Bcbool registers, blanks 
and forma. Kaas. Ill, 28 F 

S75 Repealing C. L, '97 81539, requiring territorial treasurer to give 
bond as treasurer of at-bool fuud. N. H. SO, 16 Mr 

County taxes and fuikde 

276 Taxes. School law amended as to making alphabetic lists of 

resident taxpayers by school board, and as to records of school 
taxes by county clerk and collector (R. S. 'Sy g79»9, 8067-68, 
8070). Mo. p. 348, 2ff Ap 

277 Collection of delinquent school taxes slightly amended (R. S. 'S9 

SS071). Ho. p. 352, 29 My 

278 Investment of funds. County auditor shall provide bulletin 

board; post monthly statement of unloaned school funds. 

Ind. 95, 24 F 

279 Counties may acquire title to lands mortgaged to secura school 

funds. In case of default and inability to sell for enough to pay 
loan. Ind. 39, 17 F 

280 County court not to loan school funds to county officer. Amend- 

ing R. S. '811 ch. 143 art. 1. Jto. p-351, 29 My 

261 Submitting const itutlo sal amendment: counties to invest perma- 
nent school and endowment funds In bonds of school corpora- 
tion, state, county or municipality, or In first mortgages on Im- 
proved farm lauds. Vote November 1900. S. D. 63 

282 Accounts. Clerk shall register all district and general school 

fund warrants; unlawful to pay till registered. Ark. 115, 13 Ap 

283 Treasurers shall pay school funds [formerly pro rata] on regis- 

tered warrants [formerly if payment asked In 30 days after 
notice] ; orders of any board of directors {formerly except sin- 
gle scbool districts in cities and towns] shall be presented in W 
days. Amending Digest '04 §7081, 7085. Ark. 121, 17 Ap 

284 Distribution of scbool funds to districts by county supeilntendent 

amended (Ann. L. '87 §2608). Or. p. 225, 22 F 

285 Warrants for school expenses except salaries to be countersigned 

by county superintendent a^d by blm recorded. Amending '97, 
85. . Tenn. 410, 22 Ap 

286 County treasurer shall have commission of ^S for receiving and 

same for disbursing scbool funds. Amending '97, 17, special. 

Tex. 187, 6 Je 
District finances 

287 Taxes'. Scbool districts over 50,000 may levy additional school tax 

of IVj mills. Minn. 77. 20 Mr 

288 District tax not to exceed 75 [formerly 9] mills for support. 

Amending O. S. 1668. Ulnn. 117. 3 Ap 



288 Amending C. S, '97 J4672 relating to tax limit Id any diatrict for 
general purposee. Neb. 60, 31 Mr 

890 Collector of school district taxes to give notice that taxes may be 
Toluntarllf paid during next SO [formerly 14] days. Amending 
■90 eh. 575 BSl- K. T. 440.- 25 Ap 

881 Debts. School authorities on petition of majority of heads of 
families must submit to vote whether bonds shall be issued to 
refund debt eviden<xd bji bonds or tcatrants. Amending P. C, 
§1880. Cal. 78, IS Mr 

292 Interest on school bonds and unpaid teachers orders must not 

exceed 7% (formerly 8%]; funds loaned by township ti'easurer 
shall bear interest at not less than 5% [formerly 6%] nor more 
than 7% [formerly 8%]. Amending R. S. '67 cb. 122. ' 

lU. p. 351, 24 Ap 

293 Districts baring 40 children of school age may have debt of $750. 
Amending C. L. §4717. lElch. 190. 10 My 

284 Depositories for district sinking funds authorized; bond required. 
Amending R. C. '95 §779. M". D. 145, 18 F 

295 Districts having Indebtedness In excess of constltutloaal limit 

may Issue extension coupons on bonds coming due. 

S. D. 54, 24 F 

296 Districts must make returns of bond elections to county auditor. 

S. S. 56, 6 Mr 

297 Bonds issued for sites, buildings or for refunding indebtedness shall 

not exceed 4% [formerly 3%} of assessed valuation. Amending' 
Ann. S. '99 §2547. S. D. 57, 4 Mr 

298 Aecounts. Unlawful to employ teacber unless district has money 

to Its credit In county treasury, or taxes to be paid ai-e suffi- 
cient Ark. 196, 8 My 

299 Each school district to appoint three taxpayers to audit accounts. 

Wis. 162, 12 Ap 
Uunidpalitles. Special districts 

300 Taxes. Amending '97, 181 relating to tax levy for schools in 

cities of 15,000; cities of 50,000 [formerly 40,000] given special 
powers. ^ Kan. 252, 23 F 

301 Cities of 50,000 may levy additional tax of 1^ nrills for schools. 

Minn. 40, 6 Mr 

302 Cities under 10,000 may levy special school tax to cover deficien- 

cies, not over 15 mills. Minn. 297, 19 Ap 

303 In cities of 80,000 the board of education shall report annually to 

city council tfte number of mills tax on the doftar' [formerly the 
amount of money] necessary for schools. Keb. 6S, 31 Sfr 



304 In enforcing collection of school taxes In Independent dlstrlcte, 
the board of truBtees, president and county attorney Bliall per- 
form tbe duties devolving in similar cases on cit; council, mayor 
and clt; attorney respectively. Ameodlng K. S. '05 art. 4002. 

■ Tex. 108, 12 My 
SOS Cities under 40.000 may levy additional scbool tas of 1 mill 

Wis. 81, 30 Mr 

306 Estimate of city scbool expenses stall be made prior to March I 

[formerly October 1] ; council shall fia levy before April 1. 
Amending R. S. '98 £925 subdiv. 119. 142. Wis. ISe, 14 Ap 

307 Debts. Legalizing city scbool bonds Issued pursuant to '93, 204, 

and 95, 128 if carried by two-tblrds vote Minn. 9, D P 

308 Independent school district bonds to draw not over 5%; not to be 

sold under par; amount to be designated by voters. Repealing 

'97, 359. Hlim. 103, 20 Mr 

300 AccoantB. Panda. Creating teachers salary fund In counties 

and cities constituting but one district. Cal. 64, 8 Mr 

310 In cities, towns and villages wltb two or more districts scbool 

money from licenses to be divided between districts according to 
number of children. '95 p. 90 rcenacted to correct illegality in 
passage. Id. p. 253, 14 F 

311 In cities of 1,000,000 president of board of education may use rub- 

ber stamp signature on city warrants. Fa. 20. 30 Mr 

312 Amending apportionment of town school money to special scbool 

districts (Vt. S. S848, 860). . Vt. 20. 1 D '98 


313 Employment. Fay. Contracts between teachers and school cor- 

porations shall be In writing; public record of contracts. 

Ind. Ill, 28 F 

314 Salaries of teachers payable monthly [formerly quarterly]. 

Ga. p. 70, 21 D '98 
815 Generally amending '96, 32 relative to teachers retirement fund. 

N. J. 178. 24 Mr 
Ouallflcatlons. Examinations. Certificates 

316 Examinations. Certificates. State board of examiners for 

teachers; superintendent of education to be president; questions 
to be prepared and printed by board and sent to county super^ 
Intendents who shall conduct examinations and return papers 
to board; board marks the papers and Issues certificates: fee for 
examination. Ala. p. 217, 10 F 

317 Boards In cities of 30,000 to 100,000 may examine and issue cer- 

dflcates. Amending '89 p. 266. HI. p. 344. 24 Ap 



318 Examinations to be conducted by county superintendent; quea- 

tiong furnished by state superintendent; applicants may have 
their papers esamined by state Guperintendent and receive state 
license. Ind. 216, 6 Mr 

319 Revision of law as to examinations and certificates. Repealing 

G. S. S3747; '95, 182. Minn. 101, 27 Mr 

380 General law; four grades of certificates; state boai-d of esaminerB 

established; graduates of state university entitled to first grade 

county certificate. Wy. 70, 21 F 

321 Minor amendments to G. S. '97 ch.63 |117, 165-66, relating to 

examifiing committee of boards. Ean. 178, 6 Mr 

322 Repealing '77 ch. 7'! subch. 7 S20 relating to appointment of ex- 

aminers for Independent districts. Klnn. 354, 21 Ap 

323 Granting of certificafcs amended ('93 p. 251; '91 p. 211). 

Mo. p. 361, 29 My 

324 Certificates issued by superintendent of public Instruction shall 

[formerly may] be accepted by school committees. Amending 
'95, 49. S. H. 12," 21 F 

325 State board shall Issue two year certificates In music, drawing, 

penmanship, iilndergarten work and foreign languages. 

Not. 72, 14 Mr 

326 Misdemeanor to draw voucher for teaching brancbes not author- 

ized In teacher's certiScate; penalty. Nev. 72, 14 Mr 

327 State board may grant temporary certificate for specified dis- 

trict, valid till next regular examination; may issue high 

school and grammar grade life diplomas. Amending '95 cb. 91. 

Wev. 78, 16 Mr 

328 Amending time of holding teachers quarterly examinations by 

county board of examiners and disposition of papers after tbree 
years. Or. p. 36, 1 O '98 

829 County teacher's examination fee SS [formerly $3]; permanent 
primary county and city certificate to holders of second grade 
four year certificates passing in history of edhcation and psy- 
chology; holder of low grade certificate may at any lime during 
validitv thereof [formerly one year from date] take examination 
on additional subjects for higher grade; mental and moral 
science no longer required. Amending R. S. '95 t. S6 ch. 13. 

Teat. 186, 6 .Te 

330 Amending Vt. S. ch. 35 relative to examinations and permits. 

Vt. 20, 1 D '98 

331 City superintendents may issue certificates, after examination, to 

teach any special branctaas provided by board and approved 
by state superintendent Wis. 148, 10 Ap 




S32 Higher certificates. Graduates. Minor amendmcot to graattng , 
or state diplomas (Ann. S. '91 13967-68). Col. 135, 29 Ap 

333 State superintendent may countersign life state certiflcates of 

other states having equivalent requirements, thua making tbem 
valid in Indiana. lud. 201, 4 Mr 

334 Authorizing three year certiflcates and life certificates to certain 

graduates of the state ualverlsty and of Institutions Id the state 
having equal requirements. Kan. 1T9, 3 Mr 

335 University certificate valid two years from date thereof [formerly 

of graduation]. Amending '95,181. Miim. 20, 25 F 

336 State superintendent may autliorlze holders of college diplomas to 

teacli on flling evidence 0/ required amount of study of psycTtologn 
and pedagoffu- Wis. 120, 7 Ap 

8S7 Unlimited certificate to he given to holders of college and normal 
school diplomas after two years experience for foreign or one 
year for home gradaate. Amending R. S. '98 945Sc. 

Wis. 237. 21 Ap 

338 NoTmal school ^aduat«s. Graduates of normal department of 
Georgia normal and industrial college may teach without ex- 
amination. Oft. p, 70, 20 D '98 

839 . Graduates of state normal ma; teach without further examina- 

tion; life diploma after two years experience. Uon. p, 51, 22 F 

840 Normal school standings may be accepted in lieu of examination 

for first to third grade certiflcates, In three years. 

Wis. 104, 30 Mr 

Institutes. Training classes 

541 State aid to county institutes not to exceed $100 [formerly $00] a 

year In any county; aggregate not over S3000 [formerly $1800]. 

Amending C. L. S4844-45. Mich. 64, 2 My 

342 State and county Institute funds and special county appropriations 

may be applied te support of teachers training schools; teacher 
shall not receive pay for more than five days attendance at 
institute or training school. Amending E. C. '95 8751, 757. 

N. D. 81, 9 Mr 

343 County superintendent to make annual report to secretary of 

state teachers rending circle concerning circles in his county 
and to provide an annual examination. Amending Ann, S, '99 
§2515. ■ S. p. 77, 25 F 

344 Board of regents may spend annually $1S,000 [formerly ?8000] for 

Institutes, SSOOO [formerly $2000] of which from general fund. 
Amending R. S, '98 |408, Wis. 179, 14 Ap 

345 Authorizing county boards to establish training schools In any 

county not containing state normal; county training school 
boards created; state aid. Wis. 2G8, 20 Ap 



Normal scboola 

346 Established. Northern Arizona aormal near Flagatatl. B^peal- 

ing '87, 25. AiL 24, 11 Mr 

347 State normal at San Franclaco; $20,000. Cal. 141, 22 Mr 

348 State normal at Albion; trustees; management '9S p. 179; '97 

p. 4^ reenacted to correct illegtUity in passage. Id. p. 228, 14 P 

349 State normal at Lewiston. '9S p. 6 reenacted to correct Uleoaiity in 

pasgage. Id. p. 164, 7 P 

Amended as to terms of first trustees. Id. p. 369, 6 Mt 

360 Western Illinois state normal. HI. p. 72, 24 Ap 

3B1 State normal at Marquette; 525,000 for building. Mich. 51. 28 Ap 

352 State normals at Bandolph, Johnson and Castleton continued till 

1920. Vt. 21, 1 N '98 

353 Summer sessions of state university authorized, in graduate and 

closely related courses, including psychology and history and 
philosophy of education, for benefit of white teachers. 

Oa. p. 69, 22 D '98 

854 OoTBrninent. Management. Local [formerly joint] boards oC 
state normal schools to elect school presidents who shall be ex 
ofllclo members of joint [formerly and local] board; joint board 
consists of chairman and tico [formerly all] members of local 
boards. Amending P! G. i354, 1489, 1492. Cal. 03, 8 Mr 

36B Name of state normal school changed to state normal college. 

Hlch. 52, 28 Ap 

356 Repealing restriction on number of teacbera tn model schools at 

state normals (G. S. I3S44). - Himi. 358, 21^p 

357 Kepealing '97, 119; '95, 217 defining duties of local boards of state 

colored normals. N. C. 73, 10 P 

358 State board of normal Sfhool commissioners established; gofemor 

to also appoint one person for rach school to act with board 
and state superintendent of education in matters pertaining 
solely to the school. Vt 22, 30 N '98 

359 Regents of normal schools shBlI be the state superintendent and 10 

appointees [formerly nine and the governor] ; term five [formerly 
three] years; not over one [formerly two] from same congres- 
sional district Amending R. S. '98 8393. Wis. 74, 30 Mr 

360 Funds. Support. Making levy for normal schools specific in 

amount [formerly percentage). Amending R. S. '98 §390, 406a. 
Wis. 170. 13 Ap 
861 Free scholarships. At state normal SOO [formerly 100] free 
scholarships may be maintained. Amending R. S. '98 S2305. 

IT. 82, 20 Mr 
362 Instruction. New Mexico normal university [formerly school] to 
add conreee In manual and kindergarten training. 

H. K. 18, 17 F 




Attendance. Instruction 

863 Compnlsory atteodance. GbltdreD between S aod 14 muat be 
Bent to school at least 12 weeks each yean regulations. 

Aii. 13, 2 Mr 

S64 Id districts of over 350 scboot population all children between 8 
and 14 shall attend school not less than 20 weeks each year; 
exception; minors between 14 and 16 unable to read and write 
English to attend school till certificate is given; truant officer 
and his duties; penalties. Col. 13C, 12 Ap 

365 Revision of compulsory education law ('97, 165). lad. 244, 6 Mr 

366 Compulsory school attendance from 8 to 16 years, for entire ses- 

sion, in all districts and cities; boards may appoint truant 
officers and establlah special schools for truants, vicious and 
wandering children. Hinn. 220, 14 Ap 

367 Children from T to 16 must attend school foe six months every 

year, in cities of 10,000; board may approve private schools 
where instruction Is in English; truant officers; children under 
15 not to be employed except In vacations unless excused by 
board of education; $25 fine Cor employing during school ses- 
sion child under 19 who can not write his name. 

"Wash. 140, 14 Mr 

368 Children between 7 [formerly 8] and 16 to attend school; otber 

amendments to G.L. '88 82102. Ct. 19, 21 Mr 

369 Children between 8 and 14 muat attend some public, private or 

parochial school; board of education to serve notice on delinquent 
parents. Repealing C. S. '97 54853-54. Neb. 67, 31 Mr 

370 Children graduates of grammar school may be granted certificates 

alloft'Ing them to worli In manufactories. Amending P. S. '91 
ch. 93 812. N. H. 84, 11 Mr 

371 Truancy. Cities of 100,000 must and cities of 25.000 to 100,000 may 

establish truant schools; regulations. 111. p. 346, 24 Ap 

372 Kevislon of truant laws. He. 80, 15 Mr 

373 Judge may release truant for specified time la case of death or 

illness of near relative. Uass. 201. 28 Mr 

374 Minor amendment to C. L. 811,766 as to commitment of truants to 

reformatory. Utch. 75, II My 

375 School boards gJuill [formerly may] appoint truant officers; duty 

of officers In regard to children not In school and children In 

manufacturing establishments amended. P, S. '91 ch. 92 815-18. 

N. H. 70, II Mr 

376 Any child [formerly boy] who Is an habitual truant and Incorrigi- 

ble may be sentenced to Vermont Industrial school. Amending 
Vt. S. 8718. Vt 2^ 21 N -ftS 




377 Conveyance of pnpils. ConMlidation of schools. School com- 

mittee may pay scholar's board loetead of providing convey- 
ance. Ameudlag '97, 295. Ua. 48, 8 Mr 

378 Verbal amendments to '97, 295 aa to discontinuing atfhools and 

carrying children. He. 56, 10 Mr; 62, 11 Mr 

379 Conveyasce shall be provldod when necessary in the judgment of 

wmmitUe. Amending '97, 295. Ke. 74, 15 Mr 

380 Any ochool may be discontinued when average attendance for 10 con- 

secutive days [formerly when number of pupils residing nearest] 
shall be leas than four. Amending R. C. '95 §704. 

N. D. 81. 9 Mr 

381 Board shall submit gueatlon oC consolidating common schools, on 

petition ot majority of electors; two thirds majority required; 
board shall in such case transport pupils to and from school. 
Amending R. C. '95 3704. N. S. 81, 9 Mr 

382 Town -school directors on application of 10 taxpayers shall 

{formerly may] use portion of achool money for conveyance of 
children living one and one half miles from achool. Amending Vt. 
S. 8685. Vt. 23. 30 N. '98 

383 Scliool year. Minimum term in certain countlea to be three [for- 

merly Ave] months. Amending R. S. '87 S1531, 1576. 

- Ari. 56, 16 Mr 

384 Power to fix length of terms given to county boards of education. 

Oa. p. 71. 22 D '98 

385 School year shall be not less than situ [formerly five] nor more 

than nine months. HI. p. 350, 12 Ap; 21 Ap 

386 Minimum term to be seven months. Pa. 26, 4 Ap 

387 Schools to be kept open three months; controller general to make 

estimate of deficiency and apportion to counties for schools the 
income from sale of liquors by the state. S. C. 85. 3 Mr 

388 A^. Census. Children over 5 to be admitted to public school; 

children over 4 ma; be admitted; kindergartens may be estab- 
lished for children over 3. Ct. 54, 14 Ap 

389 Children attaining age of 5 after beginning of term not to be ad- 

mitted to graded schools till next year without special permis- 
sion of school board or directors. Amending Vt 8. §709. 

Vt. 24, 30 N '98 

390 School census to l>e taken by eountg superintendent [formerly 

school supervisor] every 10 [formerly four] years. Amending 
R. S. S2C0-61. Fla. 18, 1 Je 

391 School census to be taken at least every five years in cities of 

300.000. Amending '97 p. 220. Mo. p. 352. 12 Ap 

398 School census to be taken In June [formerly December]. Amend- 
ing B. 0. "gs 8T07. W. D. 81. 9 Mr 



393 Anteodlng '97 cb. 215 JS relating to enrolment by aaBesBora of 

number of cbildren of acbool age. Pa. 57, IS Ap 

394 Amendbig G. L. cb. 100 621 relating to the taJiing of achool census. 

B. I. 621, 3 Mr 

395 State supervision. Creating etate board of commtsBlouers to cos- 

tract witb publishers for uniform free textboolis for schoolB for 
sis years; but any school district may decide not to have free 
textbooks and may sell to pupils books adopted by commission- 
ers. Id. p. 401. 9 Mr 

396 Creating state board of commissioners; to select textbooks to be 

used In schools for period of six years without change; pub- 
lishers to contract to sell at fixed price. Or. p. 87, 17 P 

397 Creating state textbook commission; uniform texts, not to be 

changed oftener than five years; contracts with publishers or 

authors. Tenn. 205, 13 Ap 

388 Uniform textbooks to be adopted by state commission additional 

to those named in '97, 179. Kan, 176, 2 Mr 

399 State textbook commission made permanent; contracts may be 

renewed. Amending '97 ch. 179 S2. Kan. 31, 6 Ja 

400 No adoption or contract for free textbooks shall be for less than 

three nor more tban five years; publishers to furnish to 
superintendent of public Instruction lists of books, prices and 
sample copies; board lo provide free books when two thirds of 
voters petition or when Iward see fit [formerly submitted to 
popular vote]. Amending R. 0. '95 J863-64. N. D. 82, 8 Mr 

401 Repealing '97, 198 providing for uniform textbooks. 

Mich. 27, 30 Mr 

402 County cantraots. Counties, may adopt uniform textbooks nn vote 

of electors; county book boards to select texts; special dis- 
tricts may adopt different books; books in ukp in counties not 
adopting shall not be changed for one year. Ark. 89, 31 Mr 

403 County board of public Instruction to adopt uniform textbooks. 

Flft. 19, 5 Je 

404 Wstrict contracts. Revising free textbook law. Vt. S. ch. 41. 

Vt. 27. 30 N '98 

405 School directors to provide free textbooks and school supplies; 

contracts with publishers; agreement with local dealer. 

W7. 29, 16 P 
Branches. Courses. (See al>o Deaf and dumb, blind, 3S33) 

406 Courses. Grades. Boards of education In cities of 3000 to 10.000 

may maintain public primary.- kindergarten, grammar and evenins 
schools. Amending '83 ch, 49 S798. Oal. 83, 14 Mr 



407 Speoinl branchee. I'bysiology Bad hygieoe, Including effect of 

Btlmiilants and narcotics, to be taugbt in (common sctiools; 
after two years teachers must be examined therein. 

Ark. 52, 10 Mt 

40S Arbor and bird day to be designated by t'overuor each aprlug. 

Amending G. S. '88 S1756. Ct. 14, 17 Mr; 70, 20 Ap 

409 Arbor day to be observed In the schools. '90-9t p. 196 reenactcd to 

correct ilUgality in passage. Id. p. 133, 7 F 

410 Governor may designate arbor and bird day. Minn. 36, 3'Mr 

411 Physical education to be part of dally training in all schools sup- 

ported by state. N'. D. 85, 8 Mr 

4112 State constitution to be taugbt In primary and secondary schools. 

Amending '91, 132. Ttmn. 28, 23 Mr 

413 Humane treatment of animals to be taught in all public schools, at 

least 10 minutes every two weeks; no e^tra textbooks to be 
required. Amending R. S. '95 art 3909a. Tex, 135, 23 My 

414 Kind«rgiirten. May be established for children over 3. 

Ct. M, 14 Ap 
418 School districts may maintain in connection with public schools. 

Uon. p. 64, 16 F 

416 May be established by board of education of any district; special 

certificate for teachete. Amending R. S. '74 p. 763. 

N. J. 133, 24 Mr 

417 Question of maintaining may be submitted to vote In districts hav- 

ing graded school of over two departments; boards of education 
in cities under 40,000 to estimate coat of l<ludergartens and 
council to act thereon. Amending R. S. '98 S430. 

Wla. 298, 28 Ap 

418 Boards In districts containing city, town or village of 1000 may 

establish kindergartens; teachers must l>e graduate of kinder- 
garten college or. In addition to teacher's certificate, be ex- 
amined lo kindergarten methods. W. Va. 41, 24 F 
High schools 

419 Counties of fourth and fifth classes, as classified for county sala- , 

rles, may organize into higb school districts; vote; tax levy. 

Col. 100, 8 Ap 

4iJ0 Every town [formerly towns with grand ifst not exceeding 

5900,000] to be partly reimbursed by state for tuition paid by 

high scliool pupils. Amending 'ffT ch. 240 §2. Ct. 71, 20 Ap 

421 Districts In counties not maintaining a county high school may 

pay tuition of their pupils in other high schools. Kan. 250, 4 Mr 

422 Revision of laws as to state high school board and state aid; in- 

spectors of higb schools. Klim. 352, 21 Ap 



423 Autborlzlsg the establlabment Qf cOuntf high scboola after vote; 

trustees; regulationa. Htm. p. 59, 3 Mr 

424 To be open to nonresident pupils free; Id lieu of tuition from pupil, 

the' school to receive from county an allowance for each pupil; 
restrictions. Amending C. S. '97 §4724, 4800, 4805, 4856. 

Neb. 62, 1 Ap 

425 Graded high school admitting students without charge from any 

part of the state entitled to money from state high school board; 
inspection; $4IXN} annual appropriation. Amending R. C. '00 
S868-73. N. D. 81. 9 Mr 

426 County court may establish county blgb schools; county Iward 

created to control; additional tax of l^ nilUs, 

Tenn. 278, 22 Ap 

427 Establishing an academic department in state normal school; 

branches required for admission to state university to be taught; 
annual appropriation S5000 [formerly $.31X10]. Amending Code "91 
ch. 45. W. Va. 16, 22 F 

428 Two or more adjoining towns or school districts, or one or more 

toiwns or school districts and an Incorporated village or citj/ may 
unite to maintain high school. Amending R. S. '08 1401. 

Wis. 57. 24 Mr 

420 State aid to high schools limited to SIOO.OOO [formerly ?50,0001; 

not over 575,000 [formerly $25,000] of this to be paid to graded 

school districts. Amending R. S. 'OS S496. Wis. 214, 19 Ap 

UisoellaneouB bcLooI reg:uIatioiiB 

430 State board to furnish cards for testing pupils' eyesight by 

teacher. Ct. 104, 11 My 

431 Towns may establish vacation schools; attendance not compulsory 

and not to count on required time. Mass. 246, 10 Ap 

432 Supplies. Districts may spend $25 annually for maps, books and 

apparatus, (/ approved by electors. Amending Digest '94 |7045. 

Ark. 21, 27 K 

433 Evening scti-ools. Adults may enter evening schools. Amending 

Vt. S. 1834. Vt. 28, 30 N '08 

434 Lectures. Providing additional Instruction In natural history, 

geography, etc. by means of pictorial representations and lec- 
tures in certain free common scboi>ls; superintendent of public 
instruction to supervise. N, Y. 480, 2 My 

435 Private schools. Providing for incorporation of Ursiiline aca- 

demies. Mich. 135, 21 Je 

436 School committee contracting for tuition of pupils in academy 

}>aH»g iiMcr $10,000 ciidmrment to act icith eqval number of 
academy trustees in Mring Uiuihers and arranging course of study. 
Amending R. S. ch. 11 §84. Ke. 6, 10 F 



Higher and professional education 

437 State inatitutloaa geaerallr. (Blind aod deal and dumb acbools 
are sametimeB Included In definition) Indiana, university, Pur- 
due unlveralty and state normal to report receipts and expendi- 
tures in detail to state auditor semiannually. Amending '95, SO. 
Ind. 183. 4 Mr 

438- Providing for incorporation of societies to aid students in state 
iDBtituUons. 'Uich. 250, 15 Je 

439 Joint committee appointed to inquii'e into management, prosperity 

and needs of tbe various institutions of tbe territory. 

. N. M. p. 198, 1 Mr 

440 Amending tax levy for territorial iDBtitutions. '97 art. 11 cti. 32. 

Okl. 2S art. 4, Mr 
State universities 

441 Xistabllshmeat. aovemmeiit. Summer sessions of state univer- 

sity autborized. In graduate and closely related courses. Includ- 
ing psychology and history and philosophy of education, for 
benefit of white teachers. Oa. p. 69, 22 D '98 

442 Regents to serve «la [formerly two] years. Amending '89 p. 17. 

Id. p. 392, 28 P 

443 Repeating '75, 76 giving board of regents control of buildings and 

grounds and power to employ principal of preparatory depart- 
ment. Kev. 105, 20 Mr 

444 Board of visitors for Norwich university established; four ap- 

pointees of governor and superintendent of education; annual 
appropriation $1800. ^ Vt. 33, 16 N '98 

446 Regents shall elect superintendent of grounds and buildings, 
secretary for faciilly, secretary for board and a treasurer; com- 
.pensation not to exceed $300 [formerly no compensation]. Amend- 
ing Code m ch. 45 880. W. Va. 24. 22 F 

446 Support. Einanoe. Levying annual tax of % mil] for university 

of Arizona. Ari. 50, 10 Mr 

447 Property of University of Califomia may be insured. 

Col. 119. 20 Mr 

448 State tas of 1-4 [formerly %] mill for university. Amending C. L. 

S1807. Mich. 102, 7 Je 

449 Regents may accept gifts conditioned on payment of annuities; 

donations not to be paid over to state treasurer unless so agreed. 
Mich. 86, 23 M) 

450 Generally omending C. S. '97 ch. 87 as to designation and manage- 

ment of funds of university. Neb. 76, 15 F 

451 Annual appropriation for university % mill on assessed valuation. 

w. i>.i4,a8F 




458 Making levy for university speei/lc in amount [formerly per- 
centage]. Ameoding It. S. '98 £390, 406a. Wis. 170, 13 Ap 

453 On uaanlmoua approval of university trustees, proceeds of United 

States lands shall be invested in United Slates or Wyoming 
state bonds or 5% bonds of au; Wyoming county, municipality 
or school district; lasses made good from profits. Wy. 13, 10 F 

454 Treasurer and secretary of university sball make Joint report as 

part of trustees' report [formerly reported directly to governor]; 
printing. Repealing '90-91 ch. 75 17; '95 ch. 109 83; '95 ch. 110 
§2. Wy. 5, 18 F 

465 Admisaion. Scbolarships. Appointment to scholars blps in state 
colleges by senators. Revision of Vt S. 9870. Vt. 31, 21 N '98 

Private institutions. <fiee oJso Memberahip corporattoDB, 961) 

456 IncorporatioiL Name. Submitting constitutional ami.>ndment 
confirming the founding of Leiand Stanford university and 
authorl^ng exemption from taxation. Vote Ifovmtier 1900. 

CaJ. j. r. 23, 3 Mr 

467 General law (or the Incorporation of institutions of learning; no 
religious test to be required ofstudests. 'OS p. li reenaoted to 
correct illegality in pofsage. Id. p. 169, 7 F 

458 Trustees. Boards. Institutions may elect presiding oQicers for 

such term as may be desired, special charters to the contrary 
notwithstanding. 111. p. 376, 12 Ap 

459 Directors of colleges elected by stockholders may, prior to 1902, 

prescribe religious or denominational qualifications (or member- 
ship in board. Iiid. 46, 17 V ' 
State agricultural and technological colleges 

460 Assenting to provisions of acts of congress passed in IS62 and 

1887 granting lands for state colleges and establishing agricul- 
tural experiment stations. 'SO-91 p. 16 reenacted to correct 
illegalit]/ in passage. , ' Id, p. 9, 2 F 

461 Appropriating $35,000 to college of agriculture, Cornell univer- 

sity, for diffusing agricultural information by schools or uni- 
versity extension methods, for printing bulletins, and (or experi- 
ment station. H". T. 430, 25 Ap 

462 Agriculture and mechanical college to receive 9-10 and tbe Agricul- 

tural and normal university, colored, 1-10 of money received 
from congress by act approved Aug. 30, 1890. 

Okl. 3 art. 1, 10 Mr 

463 Agricultnral college lands whieb have been subject to sale for 

26 years to be sold at $1,25 an acre; regulations. 

Or. p. 93, 17 F 

464 Establishing winter course of study in agricultural college. 

IT. 75, 16 Mr 



Veclmical and manual training 

465 Governor to iippolnt commissioner to select lands sranted to state 

by congresB for girls Industrial school and Tuskeegee normal 
and Industrial institute. ■ Ala. p. 222, 17 V 

466 State industrial sctiool established at Quludaro, as a department 

of Western university. Ken. 12, 7 Mr 

467 40 scholarships established at Worcester polytechnic Institute. 

VLaas. 157. 16 Mr 

468 Corporations to establish textile schools may be organized in 

cities operating 450.000 spindles; city may appropriate $25,000, 
to be refunded by state; mayor and school superintendent to be 
ex officio members. UaM. 299, 25 Ap 

468 State Industrial school and institute ot technology established at 
Aberdeen If site Is donated; lands set apart for support 

S. D. 7G 

470 Regents of West Virginia colored Institute empowered to admit 60 

cadets free of charge, to constitute the public guard of the In- 
stitute. . Amending Code '91 ch. 45. W. Va. 20, 21 V 

471 Special commissioner to Investigate manual training and the study 
1 of agriculture; report January 1901. Wl». 121, 7 Ap 

472 State aid to manual training departments not to exceed $5000 

[formerly $2300] annually; number of schools not limited [for- 
merly 10]. Amending R. S. '98 5496c. Wia. 273, 27 Ap 
Professional oducation 

473 State library commission may bold summer school and UbraJ-lans 

insUtutes. Vfia. 161, 12 Ap 

474 Medical schools. Injunction may be granted on application of 

attorney general restraining corporation authorized to confer de- 
grees in medicine, pharmacy or dentistry from fraudulent use 
of powera. HI. p. 115, 21 Ap 

47B Unlawful for any except legally incorporated and reputable col- 
leges requiring atteudEuce 'of three years of eight months each 
to issue diploma. Kich. 151, 23 Je 

476 May confer diplomas in public health on certain persons holding 

degree of medicine; examination. Pa. 148, 5 My 


477 Misdemeanor to detain library booli 30 days after notice. 

Cal. 81, 14 Mr 
State llbraiiBB 

478 Qovemmeint. Trustees. Library trustees to be appointed by 

governor [formerly legislature]; librarian to designate chief 
deputy; controller to deduct double value of misslug boolts from 
warrant of state employee; librarian may sue for missing books 
or double cost Amending P. O. £2292-93, 2298. CaL 31, 25 F 


479 State library to aurcliase laio book» (formerly Judiciary reporta]. 

Ameudlug '98 cb. 6 £10. I>«1. 162. 23 F 

480 Supreme court to have coutrot and mauagement of state library; 

to appoint librarian [formerly secretary of state was librarian 
ex officio] to disburse funds and make rules. Amending R. S. 
'87 S800-12. '91 p. 197; "JS p. 79 reenacted to oorrect iUegatiiy 
in passage. Id. p. 134, 10 F 

Minor amendment. Id. p. 376. 18 Mr 

481 Additional annual appropriation of $800 for state library. 

HsM. 192, 24 Mr 

482 Annual expenditure for law library $5500 [formerly $2000]. 

Amending G. L. ch. 28 S 7. B. I. 619, 3 Mr 

483 ?300 to be appropriated annually for second assistant llbtai-lan; 

expense of making' catalogue,' how defrayed; proceeds of sale 

of books to be used iu buying books. Vt. 7. 30 N '98 

464 Librarian's certified copy of foreign statutes and opinions prima 

facie evidence. Amending R. S. '98 54136. Wis. 351, 4 My 

485 Public documeata. State librarian to distribute alt state publica- 

tions, except session laws and court reports, to state and other 
Ubrariee. Ind. 15S. 3 Mr 

486 State librarian to be fui'uished for distribution ISO copies of state 

publications except supreme and appellate court reports. 

Ind. 210. G Mr 

487 Provincial records and papers to be removed to state library; 

secretary of state to report plan for arranging and Indexing. 

N. H. 63. 10 Mr 
Public libraries 
468 State supervision. Traveling libraries. Governor to appoint 
board of five library commissioners; to give assistance and coun- 
sel to free libraries and to committees dlmut to establish them; 
libraries supported or aided by public money to report annually; 
$250 for annual expenses. Col. 116, 10 AP 

489 Creating state board of four library commissioners appointed by 

governor; term four years; state librarian ex officio membet*; to 

give advice Id the establishing and administering of libraries 

and in cataloguing and selecting books; free libraries to report 

Ulcb. 116, 1 Je 

490 State library commission may hold summer school and librarians 

Institutes, acc^t books and pictures for circulation; additional 
annual appropriation of $3500. Wis. IGl, 12 Ap 

491 Name of state library commission to be Iree library commission. 

Wis. 53, 24 Mr 

492 Library commission established; $3000 for books; $500 annually 

for expenses; traveling libraries; any Ave citizens may form 
association. Ind. 103, 24 F 



483 Traveling libraries commission created;. state librarian es officio 
chairman; to circulate certain boolis of state library and also 
books donated or purchased for the purpose; $1000 annually 
for two years for books and expenses; regulations. 

Kan. 163, 4 Mr 

494 Creating library commission; state librarian may lend books to re- 

sponsible citizen on payment of carriage; traveling llbrariea 
sent to libraries and to associations of five persona In towna 
without libraries on payment of 10c a volume for express. 

He. 22, 23 F 

495 Library commission created; to consist of president of state uni- 

versity, superintendent of public Instruction, secretary of state 
historical society and two appointed by governor for six yeai's; 
to circulate traveling libraries, promote formation of new libra- 
riea, give advice and instruction and gather statistics. 

Minn. 353, 21 Ap 

496 Establishing library commission of five members appointed by 

governor for tei'm of live years; state librarian to he secretary; 
to give advice, have general supervision and establish traveling 
libraries. Pa. 142, 6 My 

497 Public libraries may send traveling libraries to their own and ad- 

joining counties and contract to supply books to residents of 
seMol districts. Amending R. S. '08 §034. Wis. 139, 8 Ap 

498 Adjutant general may purchase traveling library textbooks for 

each infantry regiment; not to exceed $30 annually for each 
regiment. Wio. ch. 200 g40, 18 Ap 

499 Eatablishment. Support. Govemmemt. City or incorporated 

town exceeding 5000 may, after vote of taxpayers levy tax 

of >4 mill for establishing and maintaining public library or 

reading room; may i-ccelve gifts; Uve trustees; powera; report. 

Aj^. 22 11 Mr 

800 Amending library law ('03, 115) for cItJes an4 towns; powers of 
board increased; In cities of 100.000 after library is established 
a tax of ^ to 1 mill must be levied for support. 

Col. 152, 10 Ap 

301 60 voters may require library tax election In any township; man- 
datory township tax of % mill for donated library worth 525,000; 
towns hip 'library boards. Ind. 103, 24 F 

502 School commissioners to appoint librarian and regulate manage- 

ment of public library. Ind. 200, 4 Mr 

503 School boardii of cities and towns may levy 1 [formerly ^] mill 

tax for public library. Amending Ann. S. '97 S4525. 

Ind. 247, e Mr 



504 City and village couucils may Bet apai't real estate or otber muoi- 
clpal property for use of library; trustees may improve and let 
Bucli property, receive and enforce subscriptions and adopt a 
seal. Amending '79, 106. Minn. 48, 9 Mr 

506 Trustees of public library may fill vacancy in board till next 
general election. > Minn. 162, 11 Ap 

606 Library tax may be voted In cities of 100,000 not to exceed 2-5 [for- 

merly %] mill; county may contract with city library for its use 
by residents of county outside of city. Amending R. S. '89 
S1779. 1789. Mo. 101, 30 My 

607 Part of tax levied for parks may be used by town or city for pub- 

lic library. Amending '97, 15. When library tax or appropria- 
tion has been voted, it stands till Increased, diminished or dis-, 
eoBtinoed by vote. Amending C. L. 97 S2402. N. M. 31, 9 Mr 

608 Term of trustees of county libraries three yews [formerly not 

limited]. Amending R. S. 1686. Wy. 46, 17 F 

509 County law libraries. To receive free copy of records and briefs 

of cases before supreme court of errors. Ct 79, 27 Ap 

510 County commissioners to provide room in courthouse for. Amend- 

ing R. S. ch. 78 111. He. 101, 16 Mr 

511 School libraries. Appropriating $100 annually to state federation 

of women's ciubs for traveling libraries for schools. 

DeL 220, 16 Mr 

512 State superlnt^ndeut of public instruction to purchase ard cir- 

culate traveling libraries and prescribe rules and regulations; 
annual appropriation $750 for purchase of boolis. Amending 
R. C. '95 6625. N. D. 81, 9 Mr 

513 School boards to appropriate a certain sum each year for books 

and iMriodicats for public library; amount varies from $5 to 
?10 for districts employing one teacher, to 550 to $100 for cities 
of 2500; board of examiners of each county to furnish county 
superintendent with lists of books and prices; purchases to be 
made by district iroarrts from list and In the order designated. 
OkL 30 art 4, 10 Mr 

614 Tceasurers of towns, inoorporated villages and cities wnder 10,000 to 
annually withhold 10c for each person of school age for purchase 
of school libraries. Amending R. S. '98 g486a. Wis. 272. 26 Ap 
Private associations 

515 County commissioners may abolish office of township librarian 
wherever free library worth $1000 has been established by pri- 
vate gifts in township; property to be turned over to such libra- 
ry; library associations purporting to be legally organized for 
use of all inhabitants, to which $1000 In gifts has been sub- 
scribed, legalized. Ind. 149. 2 Mr 



516 I'ropi'k'tury libraries iiuiy bold or acquire by gilt w bequest jti-operiy 

not over $25,000 LformLTly $5000J exclusive of books and be 
beneficiaries of trusts. Amendlog C. L. 88168. Mich. 10, 2 Mr 

517 Cities and towns may coutract with library eorporationa to fur- 

nlBh books free and may make appropriations for library held 
In trust for town or city or Inhabitants. Vt. 34, 26 N ■98 

&I8 In cities under 150,000 board of education may be authorized by 
council to spend library tax in aid of nonsectarlan libraries main- 
tained by aasociations. Ameuding B. S. '98 i931. 

Wis. 89. 30 Mr 

Scientific work. Art 

(Sec atno InduetrleB, 4233; EipoBltions, 4333) 

S1& Hlstofy. Archives. Providing for history commission to report 
to next legislature on sources and records of state history and 
condition of battleflelds and historic houses In the state, with 
plan for preservation. Ala. p, 20, 10 D '98 

520 Publication of province laws to be continued. Hilbb. 477, 3 Je 

521 State historical society to hold its collections and property In trust 

for gtale; restriction as to mortgage and sale of Its property. 

Mo. p. 222, 4 My 

523 Governor directed to procure for state certain records of proceed- 

ings and debates of constitutional convention. S. D. G5 

633 Geology. Topography. Authorizing state university to make geo- 
logic survey of such portions of state as have natural products 
of economic importance. Kan. 37, 6 Mr 

524 Creating commission to make contour tojtographlc survey and map 

of state in cooperation with United States geologic survey. 

He. 99, 16 Mr 

525 Board of geologic survey may publish reports; not over 1500 copies 

of first editions; $4000. Ulch. T8, 17 My 

536 Minor amendment to '91, 417 establishing state geologic survey. 

N. C. 598, 7 Mr 
527 Biennial appropriation of $600 for geologic survey. 

N. D. 94, 24 F 
538 OSlce of territoilal geologist created; duties; biennial report 

Okl. 16, 13 Mr 

529 Commission to be appointed to cooperate with United States geo- 

logic survey in making state survey; approprlaUon. 

Pa, 78, 28 Ap 

530 Abolishing o&lce of state geologist and mineralogist 

Itam. 217, 6 Ap 

531 Biology. Office of state biologist created; no salary; to investi- 

gate animal resources of state and development of such as have 
economic value. Or. p. 3, 2 F 



iZa Uus«ums. Co uiuilutj loners of lulaiid Ushcries aii<l t;amc to add to 
state museum speciuiens and pictures of wild animaJs, birds 
and flsbes uative to state. He. 36, 2 Mr 

Art Memorials. (Sec also War memorlala, 345£) 

533 Art. City council ma; provide for art commission witttout ap* 

proval of 'n'hlch no woi'lc of art sball become city property. 

m. p. S9, 24 Ap 

534 Autliorizlng purcbase of porti-aits of all governors under state 

constitution to 1898; $12,000. Uass. resoWe 89, 23 My 

535 Commission to be appointed to report on condition of Faiisades 

and to suggest means of preserving. JS. J. p. 170, 21 Mr 

536 Trustees of state buildings may accept statues, etc. for buildings 

and grounds. Amending '93 cb. 227 |3. 

H. T. 512, 4 My 

537 State institute of art created; governing l>oard of seven appointed 

by governor; members; art collections; lectures; exhibits. 

U. 2a, 9 Mr 

538 Memorials. Titles to memorials In commemoration of biatorlcai 

events to be vested in perpetuity in society erecting them. 

Ot. 107, 11 My 

539 Misdemeanor to deface tablet or motttiment commemorating bls- 

toric event. IHass. 358, 10 My 

Political regulations 

(8ee also State aod loco) Bovcrumeat. 261Ei) 

Civil rights. Citizenship 

540 Aliens. Alien, resident or not, may loan money, take mortgage 
on real estate and aciiuire land by legal process in collection of 
debt; shall not hold loud so acquired for more than five years. 
Amending K. S. '94 ^3332, 3334. Ind- 164, 3 Mr 

641 Aliens and associations, except railroad corporations, wboae mem- 
bers are aliens are not to acquire real estate other than mineral 
lauds; unnaturalized aliens not to be employed. '90-91 p. lOS, 
118, 253; '97 p. 5 reeaacted to correct illegality in passage. 

Id, p. 70, 2 F 

542 For final certificate of naturalization fee of $2,50 to be paid 

[formerly no fee]. Amending P. C. '95 S4S13. 

Hon. p. 50, 22 F 

543 Allen mechanlea and laborers not to be employed on state or 

municipal work. N. J, 202, 24 Mr 

544 Civil rights. Submitting constitutional amendment permitting 

negroes to reside in state. Vote June 1900. , Or. p. 143, 18 P 

Political regulations 


545 Unlawful for owner or operator of buildiug, part, etc. which Is 
usually open to public, to discriminate against person or class 
in price of admission. , N. T. 724, 26 My 

S4S Extending civil rlgbts law; penalty <25 to 9100 [formerly $100 
to $500] aad 30 to 90 daj/* {formerij to one year]; liable {or 
dflmaires not over $500. Uinn. 41, 6 Mr 


547 Bureaus of statistics. {See also Labor sutiatlca, ere, with whicii tbe 
collection ot miBcellBaeoUB atatlatics ol production, etc. U ofl«D grouped) 

EstabliBbing bureau of immigrallou, labor and statistics ^n ac- 
' cordance witb state constitution; to collect tfnd publish informa- 
tion concerning resources and labor interests of state; term of 
commissioner two years. Id. p. 3d4, 2 Mr 

648 Chief of bureau of statistics to compile social, civil and criminal 
staUsties. ' Ind. 227, 6 Mr 

549 Commissioner of agriculture and labor to be state statistician. 

N. D. 44, 8 Mr 

660 Misdemeanor to witbliold from assessors statistics of farm prod- 

ucts. Amending R. S. '98 glOlO. Wis. 210. 19 Ap 

661 Genius. Relating to talcing of census by cities and'towns under 

special cliarters. Amending '95 p. 52. Uo. p. 100, 26 Ap 

552 Elections generally. Generally amending registration and elec- 

tion laws (P. C. t. 2). Oal. 53, 4 Mr 

553 Ceueral law; filing of nominations; quallllcatlons of voters; elec- 

tion ofiicers; booths; canvass; contests; official ballots; special 
elections. •90-91 p. 51; '93 p. 35; '95 p. 7, 90, 91; '97 p. 29 re- 
enacted to correct illegality in passage. 

Id. 33. 2 F; 67. 2 F; 66, 2 F 
564 Regulating elections in cities, villages and Incorporated towns 
voting to adopt act; qualifications for voting, registration, bal- 
lots, canvass, officers. 111. p. 163, 24 Ap 

555 General law for cities ot 300,000. Repealing '95 p. 6 (special). 

Ko. p. 179, 19 Je 

556 General law. N. C. 16, 26 Ja; 507, 6 Mr; Okl. 13, 10 Mr 

557 Iteferring to next assembly constitutional amendment providing 

for plurality election of state officers. Ct. p. 1153. 7 .lo 

658 Amending '07, 213 relating to printing of ballots, manner of voting 

and counting ballots, and ballot box for women. Ot 207, 20 Je 


Political r^ul^tio^ 


BBO Amending C. S. '97 cli. 2a as to certificates of nomiDatlon, forma- 
tion of new parties, printing of ballots and mode of voting. 
Ifeb. 26, 5 Ap 

560 Gountj commissioners to furnish sheriff' with poIllHwks and all 

other supplies required for election, and send notices of election 
to registry agents [formerly sheriff] who shall post in pu&Ite 
plaeea Iformerly publish In county newspapers]. Amending 
'73, 19T. Nev. 94, 14 Mr 

561 Minor amendments to general law ('98, 139). W. J. 59. 21 Mr 

562 Amending '96, 909 as to qualifications and appointment of election 

officers, payment of election expenses, delivery of election laws 
by secretary of state to clerks and election offlcera and forms 
for registration and challenging. 1» T, 630, 23 My 

Suffrage. Voting residence 

583 Women. Submitting constitutional amendment allowing woman 
suffrage. Yote Jwie 10(10. Or. p. 143, 18 F; p. 1123, 31 Ja 

564 Aliens. Foreign boiii male who, smt months [formerly any time] 

before election declares loteutloa to become citizen to be deemed 
qualified Voter. Amending R. S. m art. 1731. Tei. 65, 11 Ap 

565 OuollficBtions. Most pay poll tax before registering. 

Art. 37, 14 Mr 
B66 Inmates of Poutlac state reformatory exempted from operation of 
law disenfranchising persons convicted of certain crimes. 

ni. p. 141, 21 Ap 

567 Repealing '97, 6 requiring voters under 60 years of age to show 

poll tax receipt ijefore registration. Nerv. 105, 20 Mr 

568 Amending Code S2941 relating to restoration of pardoned criminals 

to citizenship. ' N. 0. 44, 3 E 

569 Submitting constitutional amendment fixing gaal.ifications for 

voting and holding office; to be a resident of the state two years, 
county six months, precinct four mouths; to be registered; to 
be able to read and write section of constitution in English; to 
have paid poll tax; but no persons entitled to vote Jan. 1, 1867 or 
their lineal descendants, to be debaiTed from voting. Vote 
Augttst 1900. N. C. 218, 21 F 

570 Referring to next legislature constitutional amendment requiring 

legislature to establish educational test for voters and permit' 
ting It to prescribe penalties for failing or neglecting to vote. 
Hot repassed bu legislature of 1899. N. D. p. 348, '97 

571 Referring to next legislature constitutional amendment; every male 

Iformerly every white male] citizen to vote; in addition to regu- 
lar gualiflcatlons laws may be enacted prescribing terms of resi- 
dence In county and precinct. Or. p. 1130, 18 F 


Political regulations 


672 Coant7 ttuBtee to fumlsb to election Gommlssloners lists of per- 
sons who bave paid poll tax. Amending '91, 222. 

Tena. 402, 22 Ap 

573 Voting residence. Voter must have resided In territory si> imwiiftg 

[formerly one jearj. Amending '98, 32. Arl. 21, 10 Mr 

574 Inmates of state soldiers' liome who are voters In sny part of state 

may, at the home, vote for county, township, district and state 

officers iind for legislators, congressmen and presidential electors; 

regulations. Kan. 140, 4 Mr 

675 Voter moving from one ward to another within six months prior 

to election may vote In former ward If declaration was filed. 

Amending P. S. '91 ch. 31 §8. N. H. 52, 8 Mr 

679 RepeaJ^g C, L. '97 S1946 allowing person to vote in precinct 

wherein he does not reside. N. M. 80, 16 Mr 

Nominations. Caucuses ' 

577 PrimarieB — general. Qualifications and registration of voters at 

primaries governed by general election laws; registers to be 
furnished: registration oflfice to be open 50 days. 

Cal, 32, 1 Mr 

578 Itegulatlng primaries apd conventions. [Primary law of 1897 

was declared unconstitutional In Spier v. Baker, 52 P. 659. 

Cal. 46, 3 Mr; 48, 4 Mv; 52, 4 Mr 

579 Submitting constitutional amendment authorising legislature to 

regulate primary elections. Tote November 1990. 

Cal. i. r. 35, 18 Mr 

580 Optional primary election law for counties of less than 125,000 

and for cities, towns and villages therein; judges and clerks 
designated by political party; official ballots; Australian system; 
expense a public charge; any legal voter may have his name on 
official ballot for nomination to' office. 111. p. 211, 24 Ap 

581 Nominees of parties In counties of 200,000 to be chosen by popular 

vote on Tuesday seven weeks before election; same election 
officei-s to act for all parties: general election laws govern where 
applicable. Hlnn. B49, 20 Ap 

682 Primary elections; registration; officers selected by party commit- 
tee; Australian Imllot; expense borne by party. Neb. 27. 4 Ap 

583 Delegates to <!onventionfi to !>e elected by ballot nl caui'iis: county 
committees to fix basis of repivsentatlou, establlBh boundaries of 
caucus precincts and post 10 days notice; polls open nt least one 
hour, between 2 and 9 p.m.; mlsdomeanor to participate in elec- 
tion of more than one set of delegates. N. D, 38, 8 Mr 

684 Caucus law; each party to elect a, state committee; city committee; 
regulations; applies chlelly to Newport, Providence and Paw- 
tucket. B. L GG2, IS My; TOO, 20 B 


Folltloal r«fulatioiui 


585 Regulating primaries in'countleB of 100,000 to IIO.OOO. 

Team. 407. 22 Ap 

586 Ptovlding for primary elections; penalty for frauJiilent voting. 

U". 79, 20 Mr 

587 Revision of R. S. '98 Slla-i relating ta caucuses. Wis. 341, 3 My 

588 Party caucus in new political division to represent 1% [formerly 

2X1 of total vote. Amending R. S. '98 S30. Wis. 351, 4 My 

589 Committees may fix number of pei-sons necessary to caucus; can- 

didate not to be caucus officer; certificates of cliange on recount- 
ing votes to be -Issued; pereon receiving bigbest vote to be 
nominated. Amending '98, 548. Mass. 329, i My 

590 Minor amendments to '98, 54S as to political committees and caii< 

cuses. Uaea. 346, 8 My 

591 Amending primary election law ('98, 179; June primary and De- 

cember and May enrolments abolished; enrolment by declaration 
In May and June; primary iu presidential year; secret enrolment 
by blank and sealed envelope at time of registration. 

N. T. 473, 2My 

592 Conventions. Convention Is assemblage of delegates elected by 

ballot at primaries; may name goeerning committee. Amending 
P. C. S1186. . Oftl. 51, 4 Mr 

593 Nominating conventions to be called at least 48 bours before hour 

for filing certificates of nomination. Amending '98 cli. 548 §137 
HlasB. 146, 14 Mr 

594 Conventions for nominating judges of supreme court or court of 

appeals not to be held at same time and place as conventions 
for nominating other ptate officers. Mo. p. 203, 19 My 

595 Certiflcatee. Certificates of nomination to be deemed valid unless 

objection is made In three days from filing; proceedings when 
objection Is made. Amending R. S. '80 ch. 60 art. 3. 

Mo. p. 200, 18 My 

586 Amending lime Of filing and time within which candidate may 

withdraw. _ Vt. 2, 21 N '98 

597 Independent nominations. Signers to certificate of nomlnatioD to 

declare tbey have not aided In nomination of other candidate for 
same office. Amending R. S. '89 S4GT3. Mo. p. 199, 25 Mr 

598 Prescribing form of certificate of notary requiiwl for filing. Amend- 

ing '96 ch. 909 §57. H. Y. 363, 18 Ap 

599 OtCen^Ms. Bribery, drunkenness, etc. forbidden at primary elec- 

tions; sheriff to be present; clerks and officers to take oath. 

Ala. p. 126. 8 P 
800 B31ection offenses Include violations of laws governing primaries. 

Cal. 120, 20 Mr 


FoUUoal regulations 


601 Penalty for aelling vote at primary or convention disfranchisement 
for 10 to 20 yean and ineltgibillty to office. Repealing '89 ch, 130 
S3-e; '89, 200; '97, 158. Ind. 166, 4 Mr 

60i2 MiedemeaDorB In connection wltli political caucuses, enrolments, 
etc. amended (Pen. C. !41). H. T. 530, 5 My 

603 lIliscelkuiMtue. Nomination petitioners may name committee; to 

be deemed a political part^ on polling 3% oC entire vote. Amend- 
ing P. C. §n.S8. Cal. 33. 1 Mr 

604 Candidate nominated by more than one party may witbin 72 hours 

after time Tor filing papers direct In what order designations 
are to be added to bis name; if be neglects,- board shall deter- 
mine. TUblSB. 220, 1 Ap 

605 Primaries in cities of 15.000 to 30,000 to be held from ^ [formerly 

2] to 8 p.m. Amending '95 ch. 135 B5. Milch. 22. 21 Mr 

606 "Central committee" of political party defined; commitee to fill 

vacancies on ticket. Amending R. S, '89 ch. 60 art. 3, 

Mo. p. 200, 29 My 

607 Party rolls for primaries to be changed to suit new boundaries of 

election districts. Amending '08 ch, 179 |2. N. T. 266. 7 Ap 

608 Cities may require registration every two yeara; regulations. 

Ari. 10, 21 P 

609 Voters to be registered in cities of 25.000 to 100,000; to determine 

population multiply vole at presidential election hy five. Amend- 
ing B. 8. '89 §1790. Mo. p. 102. 13 Ap 

610 Amending '97 p. 113 fi]20C relating to registration. . 

Mon. p. 54, 17 P 

611 .Law governing registration applies to cities and villages of 800 

[formerly 1000] or more; lists to be prepared before each gen- 
eral or annual city election. Amending B. C. "05 §607. 621. 

N. D. 133, 8 Mr 

612 General law. Or. p. 119, 17 P 

613 General law; board of registration. S. D. 86. 2 Mr 

614 Boards. Officers. Minor amendment to G. L. '8S |40 relating 

to registrars of voters. Ct. 17, 21 Mr 

615 In cities under 4000 municipal officers to exercise powers of 

boards of registration. Amending '93 ch. 304 H. 

Me. 90. 16 Mr 

616 Days. Houre. Amending time of meeting of selectmen and town 

clerk for registration of electors In certain towns ('97 ch. 98 SI). 
Ct. 80, 27 Ap 

617 Minor amendment to '97 ch. 98 §3 relalinp to sessions of regis- 

trars of electors. Ct 90, 10 My 


■ Political TftguUtions 


618 Iilsta. Tnm&feM. Registrars of towns of less tban 10,000 to 

^ make lists of persons applying to be made voters; admission. 

Ct. 148, 1 Jo 

619 Record of names of voteta to be kept In ofBc« of town clerk. 

Ct. 164, 9 Je 

6S0 Votfng lists prepared alpbatKtically or by streets. Amending '98 

cb. 648 S61. HajM. 148. 14 Mr 

631 Ckirrectlons in registry lists to be made on first [formerly second] 

Tuesday bef(we election in cities of 2000 to 12,000. Amending 

0. S. SeO. Minn. 188, 13 Ap 

625 Registration boards to malce three copies of lists of voters. 

Amending C. L. '97 81702. N. M. 80, 16 Mr 

6£3 Printing of lists of registered persons amended f97 qb. 379 £8). 

N. T. 649. 25 My 
624 Names not to be remov^ed from check list without 48 hours 
[formerly reasonable] notice. Amending Vt S. §72. 

Vt 1, 28 N '98 

ElecUon offlcera 

629 Election Inspectors, judges and clerics to be equallv apportioned 

between two parties easting highest [formerly 5% of] vote at 

iaM election for governor [formerly president]. Amending P. C. 

!1142. Cal. 70, 9 Mr 

626 Amending G. L. '88 S229 relating to ballot twi tenders at elections. 

Ct. 100, 11 My 

627 Providing for two sets of election officers in precincts of 100 

voters. Id. p. 372, 15 Mr 

628 Election officer's oath may be talcen before anv person gualified 

to administer oaths. Amending C. L. £11,458. Mich. 198, 10 My 
629 Begrlstrar in cities of 25,000 to 100,000 to be elected [formerly 
appointed by connty court] ; term. Amending R. S. '89 S1793. 
Mo. p. 103, 17 My 
030 In cities of 500 to 3000 and certain others, Judges of election in 
city elections may perform duties of clerks of election. Amend- 
ing '95 p. 65 S3. Mo. 92, 1 My 

631 Inspector and clerk of election allowed $& a day, in no case to 

exceed «20 for all services. Amending '89, 82. Ner. 82, 14 Mr 

632 Amending compensation of boards of registry and election <'98 

ch. 139 SITS). N. J. 8, 27 P 

683 AtKilisblng fees of clerics of county commissioners for preparing 

pollbooke. Repealing 0. L. '97 J1664. IT. H. 80, 16 Mr 

634 Amending regulations of board of «lectlons In cities; act not to 

apply to Mansfield and villages which may hereafter become 

cities. O. p. 166 SI, '96. Uneonstitullmtal. Not of uniform 

operation throughout the state. State v. Buckley, 54 N. B. 

i. 2TO. 


PoUtloal ngnlatioiiB 


08B Terms of commisslonerB of election anil commissioners of regis- 
tration shall correspond, Ttam, 378, 20 Ap 
DiotTlcts. Notioee. Da^s 

638 Districts. Supervisor of townships casting under 400 votes may 
consolidate election districts. iwtnTi 269, 18 Ap 

637 Order dividing districts to specify who shall act as electUm offieen. 

Amending B. S. '98 {16. , Wia. 351, 4 My 

638 Notices. Governor shall Include In election proclamation consti- 

tutional amendments and other propositions submitted to vote; 
copies of propositions to be mailed to registered voters 20 days 
before election; no other publication required. Amending P. C. 
ni95. Cal. 24, 28, 23 F 

639 Proclamation to be issned 25 [formerly 15] days before an elec- 

tion. CaL 101, 20 Mr 

640 County clerk to publish election notices once each Keek tUl electiont. 

Amending R. S. '9S S21. Wis. 96, 30 Mr 

641 Days. Hours. Polls In other than courthouse precincts In cor- 

porated towns and cities to be open from 7 o. m. to $ p. m, 
[formerly 8 a. m. to 3 p. m.] Ga. 93, 14 D '98 

642 Changing time of opening and closing polls (Ann. S. '97 S4697), 

Ind. 236, 6 Mr 
648 Polls for election of Judges, when no other ofiScers are voted for, 
shall open and close at «ame time as at general election in same 
locality [formerly 9 to & o'clock]. Amending B. 8. '98 i94t. 

Wis. 47, 23 Mr 
644 Cities of less than 5000 may by resolution keep polls open from 
6 a. m. to 7 p. m. Amending B. S. '98 £49. VTia. 72, 30 Mr 
Sallots. Voting 

846 Oenvral. Befonn. Polls open at 6 a. m. [formerly sunrise]; 
electors In booth when polls close can TOt«; ballot to contain 
blank column; information cards to be furnished voter. 

Cal. 101. 20 Mr 

646 Minor amendments to '91. 40 relating to secrecy of elections. 

Ker. S3, 14 Mr 

647 Separate ballots and ballot boxes for coustltntional amendment!. 

S. D. 80, 9 F 

648 Aastraliau ballot required in towns having Incorporated city or 

village which operates Jointly with towns In town elections. 
Wis. 339, 3 My 

649 Polls. Boxas. Markers to be erected 75 feet from place of voting; 

notice on markers. > Ot 92, 10 Mr 

660 Each election district to contain one [formerly two] polling place. 

Amending '95 ch. 7 g26, 61-62. Via. 38, 27 M7 


FoUtlcfa ragaUtMui 


■651 Polling places to be- opened at soldiers' and eallors' homeB. 

Amending '^ p. 171. HI. p. 209, 24 Ap 

-652 TownshipB maf purcbaae real eatate In incorporated villages for 

voting places. Amending '97, 239. Minn . 59, 16 Mt 

653 I^imishiug. XHstributio^. Ballots and Insti-uctions to be printed 

and distributed under direction of county court Amending 

R. S. '89 ch. 60 art. 3. ' Mo. p. 201, 18 My 

■654 If no newspaper or printing office in county, . ballots may be printed 

at any newspaper or printing office in state. Amending '93, 96. 
Nev. 75, 14 Mr 

655 Number of ballots for Justice of peace to be furnished eacb polling 

place. Amending Vt S. 1106. Vt 3, 22 N '98 

656 Form. Amendments. Regulations concerning form of ballot for 

constitutional amendments and other public measures. Amend- 
ing '91 p. 108. ni. p. 151, 24 Ap 
'657 Designating what shall be printed on official ballota. Repealing 
•97 ch! 129 |14. Kan. 17, 7 Ja 
658 Color of ballots for Justice of peace. Amending Vt. S. S97. 

Vt. 4, 4 N '98 

"659 Karkiug. Casting. AsEistance. Amending manner of marking 

ballota. Col. 94, 3 My 

660 Minor amendments to '91 p. 107; '97 p. 213 relative to posting and 

publisiiing of specimen ballots and voting of challenged persons. 

UL p. 149, 22 Ap 

-661 Elector desiring poll clerk to mark ballot must make affidavit of 

pbyslcal disability or Inability to read. Amending Ann. S. '97 

4706Z. ■ Ind. 237, 6 Mr 

■662 If challenged voter swears there is no person of his political party 

who has been resident freeholder of precinct for one year, or 

resident for two years, affidavit of any qualified voter shall be 

accepted. Amending '89 ch. 87 S40. Ind, 43, 17 F 

663 Amending manner of marking Ijallota (Ann. S. '99 82062). 

S. D. 81, 23 F 

-664 Voter may mark ballot anywhere in square containing [formerly 

opposite] candidate's name; columns to be separated ig 1-8 inch 

Hack line; names in column by 1-ie inch line. Amending R. S. '98 

ch. 5. , Wis. 349, 4 My 

665 Minor amendment to R. S. §37 as to Instructions to voters. 

Wis. 351. 4 My 

'666 Voting machlncB. Authorized at all elections; county commls- 

eioners, councils and trustees may adopt. Ind. llffl. 2 Mr 

'667 Cottnties, towns, cities and villages may nse. Hinn. 315, 20 Ap 

■668 Authorizing use of; ballots; Judges; Instruction in use of machine. 

Hsb. 28, 1 Ap 


VoUtlcal re^attoiui 


669 BevlBlon of laws relating to voting macblnes; state commissioners 

to examine; cities, towns and villages may adopt approved 
machines; payment for machines; form of ballots; manner of 
voting; canvass of vote. N. T. 466, 28 Ap^ 

670 Only such election expenses shall be charged to city, village or 

town using machines as are caused by the use of machine. 
Amending '97 ch. 379 ilS. N. Y. 467, 28 Ap 

671 UiecellaneoujB. Ofr«n»et). Injuring voUng booth forbidden. 

Ot. 129, 31 My 

672 Saloons to be closed during general electiona; electioneering not to 

be carried on within 100 feet of voting place; regulations for pro- 
tection of booths and fittings. '90-91 p. 50 reeiiacted to correct 
Ulegality in passage. Id. p. 27, 2 F 

673 Vote of electors In military service of TTulted States to be taken 

outside the state; method. Nov. 94, 14 Mr 

674 Defacing or misusing voting machine a misdemeanor. Amending 

Pen. 0. |41k. . TSS. T. 265, 7 Ap 

,67& Qovemor may appoint an extraordinary term of the supreme court 

to sit In county in nhlch law relating to crimes against elective 

franchise Is not properly enforced. Amending '92 ch. 683 art 5. 

S. T. 302, 12 Ap 

676 Corrupt practices. Felony to offer property to legislative candi- 

date, before or after bis election, for vote for United States 
senator, or to accept same. Oal. 68, 9 Mr 

677 General corrupt practices law; candidates and x>olitIcal committees 

to 01e statements of expenditures; candidates expenses limited, 
$100 to $650; contributions to defray expense of naturalization 
prohibited. Neb. 29, 4 Ap 

678 Repealing '95, 103 regarding corrupt practices. Nev. 108, 21 Mr 
Canvass. Contests 

678 Coomt. Canvass. Oeneral. Canvass by county supervisors to 

continue daily till done, six hours a day. Amending P. C. £1281. 

Cal. 56, i Mr 

680 Manner of counting ballots. Id. p. 372, 15 Mr 

681 Ballots to be counted in view of voters [formerly within 3 feet 

of rail]. Amending '98 ch. 548 £124. Uasa. 190, 24 Mr 

682 In towns and after 8 p. m. in cities under IQO.OOO ballots may be 

counted when election officers so order. Amending '98 ch. 548 
S234. Uasb. 209, 29 Mr 

683 County supervisors Ineligible to membership on board ot can- 

vassers; votes for oil candidates for aU offices ond on all gues- 
lions voted on sball be canvassed. Amending '97. 125. 

Midi. 224, 7 Je 




684 Atuendlag dntlea of countj commlBBloners eb to c&nvaBBlng re- 

turaa and forwarding abetracts to aecretary of territory (0. L. 
'97 51853). H. H. 80, 16 Mr 

685 Manner of counting ballots cast by soldlerB absent from state 

and time of canvass amended ('98, 674), 

K. Y. 641, 25 My; 58, 8 Mr 
S86 County clerk to deliver certificates of election peraonally; certifi- 
cate to state amount of bond required. Amending R. 8. '98 
gSS. Wla. 3, 28 F 

Q87 Aatunu. Election Judges to sign and poBt result outside polling, 
place; misdemeanor to deface. Amending P. C. JI261. 

Cal. 07, g Mr 

688 Minor amendments to '71-72 p. 380 regulating making of abatracts 

of votes and the canvassing of votes by state officers. 

lU. p. 208, 24 Ap 

689 Verbal amendment to C. L. '97 S16&4 relating to certifying ntim- 

ber of votes cast In dlatrlcta of two or more counties. 

ar. U. so, 16 Mr 

690 Abstract of votes for member of congreaa and gtale officen to be 

made on same sheet. Amending R. C. ^96 G627. 

K. D. 87, 9 Mr 

691 Election law amended aa to computing returns In caaes where two 

or more counties or parts of counties are connected for election 
of any officer. C. L. '95 613. Pa, 103, 28 Ap 

692 Officesa. Boards. Abolishing fees for returning votes to secre- 

tary of state. Amending P. S. ch. 199 £12. Uass. 218, 30 Mr 

693 Contests. Oeneral. Contestant must send to governor within 20 

days copy of notice served on contestee; commission Issued on 

filing certificate of failure to prosecute. Amending Code '96 £107. 

Ga. p. 44, 20 D '98 

694 Judge disqualified or refusing to hear election contest aball cer- 

tify same and transmit papers to adjoloing district. Amending 
Code '95 1107. Oa. p. 45, 20 D '98 

695 Regulating trial of. Amending '74, 136. Fa. 85, 28 Ap 

696 Amending compensation of witnesses and payment of costs r74 

ch. 136 §!>. , ■ Pa. 96. 28 Ap 

697 Amending '74. ch. 1 £10 as to counting votes made on affidavits. 

Pa. 150, 6 My 

698 Regulating recount of ballots In contest for state office; procedure. 

S. T>. 82, 7 Mr 

699 Official ballots to be preserved till expiration of time within which 

contest may be begun. S. I>. 83, 4 Mr 

700 Contest. Special ofilcers. Manner ,of contesting election for 

Judge of circuit court; appeal. Ko. p. 202, 81 Uc 


Political MErnl&tioQB 


701 Circuit court [formerly tbe supreme court] to hear contests of 
elections of Judges of supreme court, circuit court, saperlor- 
court, of clerks of supreme court and members of state board 
of eguallzatloD. Amending R. S. '97 cb. 46 £96; '71 p. 380. 

m. p. 152, 22 Ap- 

70a Tie vote for ofQcera, except councllmen, in cities of 2000 to 15,000 
to be decided by lot by council. Kul 7, 6 Ja 

703 CommlBBlon to take depositions In contested election for senator 

or aesemblyman shall be Issued to one [formerly two] justice of 
the peace. Amending Q. 8. S1575. Nov. 96, 16 Mr 

Bpedal claaseB of eleatlona 

704 National. Committee of five legislators to confer wltb legisla- 

tures of other states with view to submitting an amendment to 
constitution allowing direct vote of the people for president, 
vice-president and senators. Fa. c. r. 17, 6 Ap 

705 Candidates for United States senator nlay be nominated In same 

' manner as state officers and voted for by people; result to l^e 
transmitted to legislature. Her. 71, 14 Mr 

706 IiDcal and municipal. (See aleo School BlectloDB, 151; Town meBUncB, 

S8Z2> Regulating municipal elections beld separately from gen- 
eral elections. Cal. 64, 4 Mr 

707 At close of town election ballots are to be counted and deitrot/ed 

(formerly preserved as In general election]. Amending '90 ch. 
669 SS7-38. H. T. 168, 30 Mr 

708 General law for city and tewn elections. N. C. 514, 6 Mr 

Law making 

709 Constitutional amemdments. Submitting constitutional amend- 

ment: assembly not to propose amendments to more than alv 
[form^ly one] articles of coastitntion at one session; publication 
amended. ToU Notieraber 1900. Col. 82, 16 P 

710 Constitntional amendments may be proposed by Joint resolution; 

wben adopted by vote of people, amendments to be enrolled 
and preserved by secretary of state. '9(h91 p. 2$9 reenacted to- 
carrectt illegality In paeaaffe. Id. p. 162, 7 F 

711 Secretary of state to send to county clerks a correct statement of 

constitutional amendments and other propositions to be voted 
on; clerks to publish same. HI. p. 216, 22 Ap 

712 Election Judges to post instrnctlons to voters as to proposed con- 

stitutional amendments; secretary of state to designate to county 
clerk by number and tltie proposed amendments. Amending R. 

8. '96 ssas; 83a v. so, 20 Mr 


t' ' Folitieal regiilattoi* 


713 Direct leglslattan. Submitting to next lesiBlature constitutional 

amendment providing for Initiative and referendum in state 
leglBlatlon on petition of 8% and 5% of voters respectively; refer- 
endum alao mgy be ordered by legislature. Or. p. 1129, 6 P 

714 Providing tlie manner of carrying into effect imtlaUve and refer- 

eodum as applied to state legislation; petition; form of ballot 

S. D. 03. 3 Mr 

Xf^lslature— members, officers 

71B Term. Sesaioms. ApportLoiunent. Senators from even [formerly 

odd] numbered districts to be elected In 1898 and every fpurtb 

year thereafter; senators from odd [formerly even] numbered 

districts la 1900. Amending Code '96 §1575. Ala. p. 34, 23 F 

716 Befeiring to next general assembiy constitutional amendment In- ' 

creasing number of senators and senatorial districts to not less 
tban 24 uor more tban 36 [now IS to 24]. Ct. p. 1153, T Je 

717 Submitting constitutional amendment allowing newly created 

coun^ one representative in excess of limit fixed to membership of 
house. Tote Sovetaier 1900. Ha. j. r. 1 

715 Term of members amended. Id. p. ST, 2 F 

719 Amending apportionment of members. '95 p. 52 reenacted to cor- 

rect iUegalitv in passage. Id. p. 132, 10 F 

720 Beapportlonment of state senators and representatives. Amend- 

ing '91, 18. Sev. 99, 16 Mr 

721 Fixing namber of representatives from eacb town and ward. 

H. H. 105, 11 Mr 
782 Beferrlng constitutional amendment to next legislature; Menniat 
[formerly annual] sessions; salary 91000 [formerly $1G00] ; 
terms of senators four [formerly two] years, members of as- 
sembly tao [formerly one] years. Not repassed bv legislature of 
1899. N. T. p. 1549, 3 Mr '9S 

723 BedistrictinK state into senatorial and representative districts. 

Eepeallng Ana. L. '87 82186-02. Or. p. 6, 7 F 

724 Amending apportionment of representatives. 6. L. ch. 19 |3. 

B. I. 818, 3 Mr 
72B QualillcatlonB. Frlvlleges. Members of legislature may admin- 
ister oaths and take acknowledgments. Uinn. 55, 11 Mr 

726 Fay. Ulleege. Amending '07, 182 relating to transportation for 

members of assembly. Ct. 12. 17 Mr 

727 Officers. Employees. Number and compensation of pages to 

senate and house amended. Code '96 12236. 

Ala. p. 37, 30 N '9$ 

728 Increasing number of employees of senate and assembly and fix- 

ing salaries, Amending P. G. §246-46, 268. Cal. 2, 30 Ja 


FoUtic&l regulations 


729 Amending offlcere and employees of assembly and their salaries 

('91 p. 234). Col. 99, 18 Mr; 112. 24 Mr 

730 Salaries of officers of assembly flsed. Ct 195, 18 Je 

731 Amending salaries ot certalu officers of general assembly ('98, 49). 

Del. 199, 13 Mr 

732 Providing two [formerly one] enrtilllng clerks for aasembly. 

Amending '98 cb. 49 i2. Del. 200, 26 Ja 

733 Fixing number, duties and compensation of officers and employees 

of senate and house. '90-91 p. 5 reenacted to correct itlegality in 
, poBgage. Id. p. 3, 2 F 

734 Badges provided for doorkeeiters of house and senate. 

Ind. 231, 6 Mr 

735 Clerks of senate and boase may each appoint assistant clerk sub- 
ject to aDproTEl of senate, and bouse. HEaas., 100, 24 F 

736 Office of enrolling clerk to assembly created. Repealing '97, 52, 

, N. G. 6, 7 Ja 

737 Compensation of chaplain of each house S3 {formerly ?2] a day. 

N. D. 39, 7 F 

738 Compensation of sergeant-at-arms of house of representatiTes SS 

[formerly $4] a day; of chaplain S3 [formerly $2] a day; as- 
sistant enrolling and engrosBlug clerks shall be elected hy house 
[formerly appointed by speaker] ; provision limiting number of 
such clerks stricken out^ 'Amending K. C. '95 $28. 

N. D. 104, 8 Mr 

739 Fising number, compensation and duties of officers of bouse and 

senate. Or. p. 235, 23 F 

740 Salary of assistant clerks of house of representatives tSSO [for- 

merly $200]. Vt. 131. 1 D '98 

741 Journal clerk provided for each bouse; salary $5 a day. 

Wy. 1, 14 Ja 
Iieglelative procedure 

742 Bills. All bills favorably reported to be codified by Judiciary 

committee. Cal. 129, 22 Mr 

743 Submitting constitutional amendment prohibiting creation of cor- 

porations by special acts, except university or ship canaL Tote 
November 1900. Fla, J. r. 2 

744 Bills and resolutions to be printed before going to governor for 

approval; office of supervisor of bills created; offices of engross- 
ing and assistant engrossing clerk abolished. "N. J. 217, 24 Mr 

745 Notice of petition to legislature for IncorporatloD of village or 

amendtnenl of eity or village charter to be published three weeks 
previous to session. Amending '96, 6. Tt. 6, 26 N '98 

746 Committees. Testimony. Standing committees of each house to 

be appointed by presiding officer, unless otherwise ordered. 

Cal. :129, 22 Mr 

FoUtic&l regulations 


747 Committee of general aeBemblj to which petition for divorce ba» 

been referred may give notice of bearing to attorney general. 

Ct. 20, 21 Mr 

748 Heads of departments not to employ couneel or witneBSeB befor6 

legislative committees at state expense without consent of 
legislature. He. 114, IT Mr 

749 Commltteee of assembly allowed clerlis; each committee member 

allowed $10 a day for seselons during recess. K. I. 703, 1 Je 

750 SUscellaneons iwocedure. Offlcera of eacli liouse elected by roll 

call [formerly viva voce]. Amending B. C. '96 829. 

N. D. 104, 8 Mr 

751 In legislative caucus to nominate candidate for United States sen- 

ator, vote shall be viva voce. Wis. 131, 8 Ap 

752 Defining and regulating lobbying; registration of lobbyists; per- 

son or corporation employing to render statement of expenses. 
Wis. 243, 22 Ap 
Zidws. Oodea 
763 Constructloii of Uws. In amending general statutes '94. Buffldent 
to refer to section nnmbers. Uinn. 11, 9 F 

7S4 B«vision. Codification. New codes, revlaiona or supplements 
have been Issued In 1899 for Indian Territory (unofficial). 
UarylEuid, Ulctiigan and South Dakota. 
766 Compilation of laws provided for. 

Arl. 49, 10 Mr; Id. p. 342, 2 Mr; Mo. p. 292, 22 My: Nev. 5. 
15 F; N. D. 123, 21 F; W. Va. J. r. IT, 13 F; Wy. B2. 18 F 

766 Adopting Bevised statutes of 1898. V. 7, 2 Mr 

767 Ball'ioger'B Annotated codes and statutes, 1808, to be of equal 

authority with other official compilations and session laws. 

Wash. 67, 13 Mr 

768 Changing words " territory " and " territorial " In revised statutes 

to "state"; "controller" of territory changed to "auditor." 
'90-91 p. £0 reenacted to correct illegality in passage. 

Id. p. 12, 2 I' 

759 TTnlfonn laws. Repealing '95 p. 216 creating commlasionera for 

promoting uniformity of legislation in United States. 

Mo. p. 298, 31 My 

760 Publication of laws. (Bee also Public documentB and printing, TSS) 

Minor amendment to Code "06 S1984-85 relating to distribution 
of acts and resolutions. Ala. p. 35, 23 !■' 

761 Chapters of acts of general assembly to be designated by arable 

numerals. Ct. 6 Ap 

762 Pay to newspaper publishing laws and distributing to subscrlbeia 

in state. Amending R. S. cb. 2 £44. Me. 41, 7 Mr 


folltical ngnlationa 


763 Fubllcation of province laws to be continued. SEoss. 477, 3 Je- 

764 2000 [formerly IBOOl copies of session laws to be printed. Amend- 

ing R. C. '95 160. If. D. 124, 8 Mr 

. 76S Ciianges in statutes quoted for amendment to be indicated ia 

pamphlet iawa by different type. Pa. 28, 6 Ap. 

768 County courts may buy Shannon's code '96 for justices and county 

officers. Tenn. 186, 5 Ap 

767 Newspapers to receive S1.50 [formerly 50c] a 100 for distributing 

to subBcrll>erB supplements containing session laws. . 

Vt. 139. 26 N '98^ 

768 Designating additional officials to receive copies of session laws. 

Amending R. S. '98 §355. Wis. 351, 4 My 

Public documents and printing 

(Bee alio Supreme court reports, ISM; Leaal notlcea, 2268) 

769 Gwieral laws. Amending R. S. '97 ch. 127 regulating number br 

public documents to be printed; size; cost; contents; binding. 
111. p. 357, 21 Ap 

770 Revision of acts relating to state printer and printing (G. S. '97 

eta. 8). Kan. 35, 7 Ja 

771 General act regulating preparation and distribution of public 

documents. Ilich.. 44, 18 Ap 

772 Creating custodian of documents and suppUeB; appointed by secre- 

tary of state; salary $1200. Minn. 137, 7 Ap 

773 Repealing '97, 464 patting public printing into hands of council of 

state. N. 0. 2, 16 J& 

774 Bureau of labor and printing created; commissioner of bureau to- 

be elected from state at large for term of four years; to collect 
labor and Industrial statistics and to oversee state printing^ 
report. S. C. 373, 3 Mr; 539, 6 Mr; 622, 8 Mr 

775 Regulating publication and distribution of documents. 

Pa; 117, 2 My 

776 Printing and distribution of Journals and documents. 

S. S. 121, 4 Mr 

777 Numerous amendments to Vt S. ch. 234 regulating public printing 

and diBtribution of public documents. Vt. 138. 1 D '98 

778 General act relating to state pt-lntlng. Wash. 118, 13 Mr 

779 Contracts. Begulatlona. Amending clEBSlflcatlon of public 

printing, time of advertising for bids, and time for completion 
of work (Code '96 3386-87, 3389, 3403, 3406, 3410). 

Ala. p. 40, 23 F 

780 State prlnttng to be done wttbin state; county printing wltbln 

county; excepHouB. 'DS p. 71 reenacted to comet illegalitj/ in 
panage. Id. p. 183, 9 F 


Political regulatims 


7S1 Documentary Journal to be bound in volumes of 1000 pages; con- 
tents on back; bouse and senate Journals to be labeled 
" Indiana "; 1000 volumes of each. lud. 146, 3 Mr 

788 2000 [formerly 1750] copies of report of commissioners of prisons 
to be printed. Amending '94 ch. 393 |7. Kiuss. 309, 27 Ap 

783 GonstltaUona] amendment requiring legislature to provide state 

printing and bindbig establishment at Lansing. Jtejected 6v tho 
people AvHl 1899. Uleh. J. r. 4 

784 SOOO [formerly 5000] copies of report of state horticultural society. 

Uiim. 215, 14 Ap 

785 Eeporta of state officers to be printed not oftener than once in 

two years except by order of state board of examiners; number 

' of copies to be determined by this board. Amending P. G. '9&. 

£311; repealing |312. Hon. p. 94, 7 Mr 

786 Compensation of public printer amended (P. S. '91 ch. 6 S2). 

N. H. 38, 7 Mr 

787 Bills, documents etc. of assembly to be printed in Spanish. 

N. M. 2, 24 Ja 

788 Fixing maximum rates at which Joint committee may let contract 

for public printing; numt)er o( documents; paper; contract. 

H". C. 250, 24 F; 724, 8 Mr 
788 All public printing to be done in Uie state, by house established. 
at least four months. Amending R. C. "Bo B1807. 

N. D. 125, 9 Mr 

790 State officers to let pnbllc printing of their departments to lowest 

bidder; advertise In four cities; fixing number of copies to b» 
printed. Tenn. 392, 21 Ap^ 

701 Expense of printing report of director of experiment station. 
Amending Tt S. 8264. Vt », 1» N 'BS: 

782 In appeals to court of appeals printed matter on page of record 
shall be 7 by 4 Inches, containing 1500 ems long primer; single 
leaded; charge for printing shall be SOc a 1000 ems [formerly 
22c a 100 words]; rules for measuring printing; fee for conipar- 
Ing with original lOc a 1000 ema [formerly Ic for 30 words].' 
Amending C. '91 ch. 135. W. Va. 14, 21 P 

768 Commissioners of public printing to advertise for paper In news- 
papers of state [formerly In Madison, Milwaukee and Chicago]. 
Amending B. S. '08 S305. Wis. 361, 4 My 

791 Minor corrections in R. S. '98 {317 as to printed copies of legis- 

lative Journals. Wis. 351, 4 My 

785 Sllglitly amendlDg R. S. '98 {1407 as to binding reports of state 

board of health. Wla. 351, 4 My 

796 Expense of publlstaiug reports of state officers not to be charged to 

state unless paid from contingent funds allowed. Wy. 64, 20 F 



797 Sistributton. (S«e aUo Libraries, (77) Regulating printing and dis- 

tribution of Journals of asBembly. Col. 109, 30 Mr 

798 Distribution of printed reports by controller amended ('95, Ei3: 

G. S. '88 j332). Ct 10, 17 Mr 

786 Minor amendment to Q. L. '88 |334 relating to distribution hy 

controller of printed Judicial decisions. Ot. 78, 27 Ap 

800 State librarian to distribute state publications, except session laws 

and court reports, to state and other libraries. Ind. 158, 3 Mr 

801 State librarian to be furnished for distribution 150 copies o( every 

state publication except stipretne and appellate court reports. 

Ind. 210, 6 Mr 

802 State pubUcatioos to be furnished to county commissioners of 

scbools. Mich. c. r. 10, 28 Ap 

803 Distribution of court reports and session laws amended (R. S. '89 

§3298, 3311-12, 3316). Ho. p. 150, 15 My; p. 150, 17 My 

804 Copies of reports of cases before court of appeals and supreme 

court to be given t> each county Judge. Amending C. 0. P. 
5213. 250. H. T. 278, 7 Ap 

805 Regulating sale of rexwrts of supreme court and sessions laws. 

] ; Or. p. 2S3, 22 P 

SOe Manuals. Blue books. 12,000 [formerly 8500] copies of bine 

booli to be printed; 20 [formerly 13] copies to each member of 

general court. Mass. 333, 4 My 

807 One copy of legislative manual to each school district. Amending 

'97, 64. Minn. 106, 80 Mr 


;hanlca' lieni, 1629: RBUroadB, aSEB; 
K»2; UlDM, 4aeG) 

Statistics. Bureaus 

■808 Establishing bureau of immigration, labor and statistics In accord- 
ance wltb state constitution; to collect and publish information 
concerning resources and labor Interests of state; term of com- 
missioner two years. Id. p. 394, 2 Mr ^ 

-809 Creating a state society of Ititior the secretary of which shall suc- 
ceed to powers and duties of state commissioner of bureau of 
labor and state factory inspector; his duties, xtowers. reports. 

Ean. 34, 6 J^ 

BIO Revision of B. S. '89 ch. 152 relating to bureau of laljor statistics; 
factory Inspection. Mo. p. 371, 31 My 



811 Bnrean of labor and printing created; commlasloner of bureau to 

be elected from state at large (or four year term; to collect labor 
and Industrial etatlBtlcs and to oversee state printlDg; report 

K. C. 373, 3 Mr; 63ft, fl Mr; 622, 8 Mr 

812 Duties of commlBSioner of agriculture and labor; biennial reports 

of labor statistics; to be state statistician; bave cbai^e of state 
esbiblts at expositions in United States. [New duties same as 
ttaose repealed br "97, 52.] N. D. 44, 8 Mr 

813 Salary of commissioner of bureau of labor statistics to be SB500 

[formerly $3000]. Amending G. L. '88 83T06; repealing '89, 197. 
Ct. 197, 15 Je 

814 Gommfssloner of labor to Investigate Sunday labor. 

Uinn. 148, 11 Ap 

815 Owners or operators of mills etc. to make certain reports to bureau 

of statistics of labor. Amending '78, 105. H. J. 124, 23 Mr 

816 Commissioner of agriculture and labor allowed JISOO a year for 

clerk hire. N. D. 45, 8 Mr 

Employer and employee 
Contracts. Oeoeral relatloita 

817 Employment bureaus. Free employment agencies established In 

cities of 50,000; officers appointed by governor; to rex>ort to state 
bureau of labor statistics; private agencies to pay license of $200 
a year. lU. p. 268, 11 Ap 

818 Commissioner of labor statistics to establish free public employ- 

ment bureaus in cities of 100,000; regulations. 

Ho. p. 272, 23 My 

818 Intelligence office not to retain money over fl unless employment Is 

found. Amending '95 ch. 156 |6. He. 3, 9 F 

820 Agencies to keep copies of terms of hire; person falling to find 

employment may sue on bond and recover damages and coats. 
Amending '95, 74. Minn. 42, 6 Mr 

821 Employment and Intelligence offices to obtain license and give 

$1000 bond; employees must be given copy of terms of hire; 

does not apply to agencies conducted by women for employment 

of women only. Wis. 213, 19 Ap 

823 Contracts. Illegal conditions. Employer not to bind employee 

' to refrain from Joining labor organization. ■ Ct. 170, 9 Je 

823 Unlawful for' employers to have employees contract not to join 

labor organizations. '9S p. 15S reenaeted to correct illegality in 
passage. Id. p. 221, 10 F 

824 Misdemeanor to make noo membership In labor union a condition 

of employment. Wis. 332, 3 My 



825 DlBdiarge. Bluck-UsUng. Black-Usting puDishable by $100 to 

?1000 fine or 90 days to one year In Jail or both. Wash. 23, 3 Mr 

826 Employer requiring notice of intent to quit worlt under penalty 

of forfeiture of wagea Shall be liable to equal forfeiture for 
discharging without notice; misdemeanor to threaten employee 
or offer higher wages to Influence vote. Wis. 330, 3 My 

827 MlsMllaneous. Penalty for use of deception or unlawful force In 

employing workmen, and for guarding with deadly weapons 
certain workmen or property without written permit from 
governor. 111. p. 139, 24 Ap 

828 Defining and punishing forgery of receipts of dues to railway' 

employees' associations and of letters of recommendation from 
employers. Wia. 224, 20 Ap 


829 Milling and manufacturing companies not to discount advance 

payments of wages over lOS a year; laborer to be paid in cur- 
-rency unless electing to take draft or check. Ark. 172, 8 My 

830 Unskilled labor employed on public works of state, counties, cities 

and towns to receive not less than 15c an bour. Ind. 226, 6 Mr 
■831 Wages shall be paid weekly to within sis days of pay day; in- 
terstate common carriers excepted; labor commissioners may 
esempt; chief inspector of department of inspection may prose- 
cute; 50% penalty to school fund; flues unlawful; 24 hours writ- 
ten notice of change in wages required; assignment of future 
wages prohibited; agreement to relieve from weekly payment 
invalid. Ind. 124, 28 F 

832 Uoney payment. Truck systMii. Unlawful for employers to use 

truck system; violation by corporation causes forfeiture of 
charter. Col. 1S5, 31 Mr 

833 Compelling payment In lawful money of United States of time- 

checks, dne-billB etc. issued for wages. Kan. 152, 28 F 

834 Wages must be paid In lawful money of United States at least 

every two weeks. H. J. 38, 16 Mr 

835 Employers shall redeem pay orders In money on regular pay days 

or on demand In 30 days from Issue; action for redemption. 

ream. 11, 23 Mr 
'836 Time of payment. Corporations to pay wages weekly or monthly; 
failure to do so gives laborers a lien on property of corporation. 
Oal. 146. '91. Vncongtitumnal. Special legislation in that it 
gives liens for the wages of only such laborers as may be 
employed by week or month. Sloeum v. Bear Valley irrlfatlon 
CO. 122 Oal. &55. 



B37 Law relative to weekly payment ot wages applies to all engaged 
In building trades, public works, constrvoHon of railroads, street 
railwav*. roads, Itridges, seicera, gat, mUer or electric light works, 
pipes or lines. Amending '95 ch. 498 SI. Uass. 247, 10 Ap 

S8S Wages earned by discharged lat>orer are Immediately due and 
payable. * 8. C. 52, 6 Mr 

839 TIme-checka must be payable at specific place. Wis. 221, 20 Ap 

Protection. Factory laws 

840 Inepecrtion. Kealth and safety. (8«e aim Fire protectloD. 4207) 

General factory inapectlon law; hours of women and children; 
safety of employees; accidents; sweat shops; department of In- 
spection created. Ind. 142, 2 Mr 

841 Creating shop and factory inspector; semiannual inspection In 

counties over 30,000; factories to pay $5 fee for inspection. 

Turn. 401, 22 Ap 

842 Factory ingpector [formerly commissioner of police] to Inspect 

scaffoldings etc.; to inspect certain boilers In factories; 50 [for- 
merly 36] deputy inspectors may be appointed. Amending '97, 
415. N. T. 192, 1 Ap 

843 Commissioner of labor may appoint six [formerly oiie] assistant 

factory Inspectors; salaries $1000. Wis. 152, 11 Ap 

844 Hours. iSee alio HolidajB. 4S87) Eight hours a day's work on all 

public work. Cal. 114, 20 Mr 

845 Eight hours a day's work on all public- work. '90-91 p. 169 re- 

enacted to correct illegality in passage. Id. p. 113, 6 F 

'846 Eight hours a day's work for city and town employees. 

lEass. 344, 6 My 

847 Each contract to which state or municipal corporation Is party and 

which may Involve employment of mechanics or laborers, to 
stipulate that eight hours is to be a day's work; penalty. 
Amending '97 ch. 415 }3, 4. W. T. 667, 12 My 

848 Eight hours a day's labor on all public work; hours may be ex- 

tended in emergencies, at 50% Increase In pay for extra time. 

Wash. 101, 13 Mr 
848 Eight hours, a day's labor for state employees; unlawful for 
officials or contractors on public works to require or permit 
longer hours; penalty. W. Va. 17, 21 F 

^860 Women and children. Limiting hours of employment of females 
In manufacturing establishments, hotels etc.; not more than 10 
hours a day nor 60 hours a week; seats to be proyided. 

Neb. 107, 81 Mr 



S51 N.o minor uitder 18 and no female [formerly no temale under 21 nor 
male under 18] to be employed ta factory before 6 a. m. or after 
8 p. m. Amending '97 ch. 416 677. W. T. 192, 1 Ap 

852 No female and no male under 18 years to be employed In factory 

In operating emery wbeel for poUahing or btifflng. Amending 
'97 ch. 415 art 6. N. Y. 375, 19 Ap 

853 Factory inspectors to enforce act providing 10 hour day to manu- 

factories for women and for children under 16. B. I. 708, 20 S 

854 Seats to be provided for female employees. 

B. C. 71, « Mr; Wis. 77, 30 Mr 

855 Factory Inspector may enter mercantile establishments to examine 

provisions for suitable seats for women. Amending R. S. '9S 
|1021f. Wis. 158, 12 Ap 

856 Children. (See also Cruelt]' to cblldren, IM; Compulior; education. 3S3> 

Children under 14 not to be employed at labor during school 
hours; penalty. Repealing G. L. '88 82105. Ct. 41, 5 Ap 

857 Children not to be employed in manufactories between 6 p. m. and 

7 a. m.; parent must swear child can read and write; SIS.OOO 

(formerly $12,000] for inspection. Amending C. L. 55343. 536. 

Mich. 77, 17 My 

858 Children under 10 not to be employed In manufacturing or mer- 

cantile establishments; cblldren under 14 not to be employed 
except during school vacations; excepdons; in each establlBh- 
ment must be kept for Inspection a record of age and residence 
of each employee under 16 years [formerly children under 12 
not to be employed more tlian four months a year]. Amending 
0. S. '97 S6953-55. K«b. 108, 31 Mr 

869 Children graduates of grammar school may be granted certlflcates 
allowing them to work in manufacturing establlahments. 
Amending P. S. '91 eh. 93 812. N. H. 84, 11 Mr 

860 Children under 16 not to operate dangerous machines in factories. 
Amending '97 ch. 415 681. S. T, 1&2, 1 Ap 

881 General law as to employment of minors. Wis. 274, 27 Ap 

88S Sweat shops. Inspector of factories to examine tenements and 
dwellings used wholly or in part as workshops; powers. 

Ct. 199, 20 Je 

863 Manufacture of wetu-ing apparel, flowers, cigarettes or cigars for- 
, bidden in dwellings except on written permit of factory inspec- 
tor granted after Inspection, stating number to be employed and 
that buildlpg is fit; permit to be framed and posted In room; 
firms giving out work shall require production of permit and 
keep register of persons to whom given; family may employ 
seamstress. Amending '95, 184. Mich. 232, 9 Je 



864 Llmltius number of persons who may work in tenement or dwell- 
ing at mannfacture of wearing apparel; firms contracting for 
such articles to keep register of names and addresses of work- 
ers; so Arm to sell articles made in vlolatloD. Ho. p. 27S, 2 Je 

ses Tenement not to be used for purposes of manufacturing unless 
license Is obtained from factory Inspector; articles manafac- 
tured under unhealthy conditions In other states to be Inspected 
before sale; other amendments to "97 ch.415 art 7 relating 
to tenement made articles. H". T. 191, 1 Ap 

866 Factor; inspector may seize and destroy clothing being made In 

unbealthful places or where there are contagious or Infectious 
diseases. Amending '97 ch, 37 64- Pft. 64, 28 Ap 

867 Regulating mannfacture of clothing and tobacco goods in dwell- 

ings. Wis. 232, 20 Ap 

S68 Special regulations. Factories to be viell lighted, ventilated and 

Icept clean. Amending G. L. '88 32265. Ot 119, 17 My 

809 Merchants to provide seats for employees. Fla. 101, 3 Je 

870 Architects to Insert clause In all building specifications providing 

temporary water closets for workmen; contractor to build in 
first week. Klch. 805, 17 My 

871 Cellars not to be used as balieshops; exception; other amend- 

ments to '97 ch. 174 S2. Ct. 140, 31 My 

872 Prescribing hours of labor and aaoltary conditions in balierles and 

confectionary establishments. Rexteallng '91 p.lSO IIT-IS. 

■ Mo. p. 274, 29 My 

878 Regulating location, dimensions, window surface, ventilation and 

cleanliness of cigar manufactories; persons under 18 not to work 

over eight hours a day or 48 hours a week; separate dressing 

rooms and water closets; factory Inspector to enforce. 

"Wis. 79, 30, Mi- 
874 Emery wheels and belts to be provided wltli fans, on order of com- 
missioner of labor. Klch. 202, 17 My 
S75 Regnlatlng use of emery wheels and belts. Wis. ISO, 14 Ap 

Organization. Strikes. Arbitration 

(Sm alto Trade marka, iiet; FraternBl HocletlsB, 3157) 
878 Lawful to form trades-unions and to persuade others to quit work 
by peaceable means; no right to trespass. Tex. 153, 27 My 

877 Arbitration. State board established; on petition of either party 
board may arbitrate; decision binding, if both parties petition, 
six months nnless notice of 60 days Is given; board may Investi- 
gate and report without petition; local boards may arbitrate. 
'97 p. H netwcttd to correot tilevoWy in postage. Xd. p. 319, 18 7 



878 Person refusing to give teBtiniony m- produce books or records 

before state board of arbitration may be punished as for con- 
tempt of court; failure to abide by dectslon of board punish- 
able; two or more employers or their employees may make Joint 
application to tbe board; mayor and chief officer of labor organ- 
ization to furnlsli Information to board. Amending '95 p. 5 
(special). Dl. p. 75. 12 Ap 

879 Term of labor commissioner fovr [formerly two] years; salary 

ftSOO [formerly $10 a day, InTeatlgatlons limited to 10 days 
each] ; shall offer mediation In all strikes [formerly affecting 60 
persons] ; any employer and his employees [formerly at least 25] 
may ask for arbitratjon; salary of arbitrators $5 a day 
[formerly $10 limited to 15 days for one arbitration]. Amend- 
ing '97, 88. Ind. 128, 28 F 


(Bee alio TojcatlOD at carparatlons, 13M; Iniursnce. S0SS; TrauaporUtioa, 3850; Light, 
Water, etc, 297J) 

Incorporation. Charter 

880 Oeneral. Revision of corporation law. Del. 273, 10 Mr 

881 When charter la about to expire, corporation may renew It for not 

more than 20 years; procedure; fee. Col. 89, 11 Ap 

883 Joln.t-Btock corporations to pay tax on organization; regulations of 

preferred stock; directors; dissolution; Increase of capital stock. 
Amending '96 ch. 221 El; '89, 66; G. L. '88 £1«S4. 

Ct 227, 20 Je 

888 Private corporations may be formed by five persons provided on« 

[formerly a majority] Is resident of state. Amending B. S. '87 

32676. Id. p. 404, 28 F 

884 Charters of private corporations under special acts passed before 

adopttoB of constitution to continue in force 30 years; legnla- 
tlons. Ind. Ill, '83. Unconstitutional. Creates corporations, 
other than banking, by special act; grants special privileges. 
Bank of Commerce c. Wlltsle, 63 N. B. 950. 

885 Amending certain sections of G. S. '97, 66 relating to private cor- 

porations. Kan. 10, 7 Ja 

886 Repealing two year limitation on renewal of expired corporations 

(C. L. S7036). Klch. 60, 2 My 

887 MlQor amendments to corporation law. '96 ch. 185 S3, 6. 

N. J. 176, 24 Mr 

888 Articles. Certlflcates. Mode of correcting errors In certlflcatea 

of Incorporation. Amending '96, 186. H. J. 66, 21 Hr 



888 Certificate of secretary of state to be prima facie evidence of la- 
corporation of new corporation formed by consolidation of two 
or more corporations. W. Y. 201, 1 Ap 

890 Secretary ol state to certify to state examiner filing of articles 

of incorporation of all corporations subject to examination. 
Amending E, C. '95 S2869. H. D. 52, 8 Mr 

891 All corporations for profit must file certificate with secretary of 

state and county clerk, Wy. 61, 20 F 

88S Amendment of chajrtsr. Amendlnj; '85 cb. 19; '93 cb. 380 for the 

amending of cbarters of corporations. N. C. 618, 7 Mr 

893 Names. New corporations not to take name of one already or- 

ganized. Amending R. S.' '68 3314. IT. 52, 9 Mr 

Govamment. Officers 

894 Directors or trustees may fill vacancy in tbeir own number till 

corporation fills it Ct 27, 23 Mr 

895 Providing for service of process In quo warranto on nonresident 

nsurping office In a corporation. CL 23, 23 Mr 

89d Directors of printing and publisbing companies to hold office not 

over tbree years. Amending C. L. g7161. Klch. 20, 20 Mr 

897 Requiring certain officers of corporations otfier than railroad com- 

panies to lieep their offices in state; directors to be residents of 
state. Amending E. S. '89 S2491, 2510. Mo. p. 117, 11 My 

898 Meetings of directors or trustees of corporations organized under 

state laws, to be held within or without the state. Amending G. 
C. "95 S«8. Wm. p. 108. 24 F 

899 Amending '96 ch. 186 J34 as to manner of electing directors. 

H. J. 120, 23 Mr 

900 Chancellor may, on petition, inquire into causes of complaint over 

election of directors of corporations and order new election. 
Amending '96, 185. IT. J. 213, 24 Mr 

901 Liability of director of stock corporation amended ('92 ch. 688 art. 

2). H. T. 354, IS Ap 

802 Action to enforce liability against director etc. of moneyed cor- 
poration to be brought within three [formerly six] years; amend- 
ing C. C. P. 3394. N. T. 281, '97. Void as to existing causes of 
action which accrued three or more years before Its taking 
effect because It did not allow reasonable time for commence- 
ment of such actions after Its taking effect; deprives person of 
property without due process of law. Gilbert v. Ackerman, 159 
N. y. 118. 
908 When private corporation falls to elect dlrectora at annual meet- 
Uw, special meeting may be held for the purpose. 

K. M. 71. 16 Mr 




904 Bepe&llng 'ffJ, S31 requiring offlcen and directors of railroads, 
banks and other corporations to take official oatb. 

N. C. 23, % Ja 
60S Domicile of private corporations maj be changed by two-tblrds 
vote and filing record. Supplementing Vt S, S3734. 

Vt 68, 22 N "flS 
Capitol. StDckhoidars 

906 Increase or leductlou. Regulations for increase or decrease of 

stock of corporations otber than railroad, tramway, turnpike and 
canal companies; fees. S. G. 38, 1 Mr 

907 Mechanical and manufacturing corporations may increase capital 

to any amount [formerly $1,000,000]. Kass. 199, 28 Mr 

908 Corporations may diminish capital to sum not less than debts; 

deposits In trust cEMnpantes and txmke not to be counted a» debtg, 
itor are such corporations relieved from liabilitiea incurred prior to 
reduction; depositors must lie notified of proposed decrease. Amend- ' 
ing O. S. '91 51515. , Wash. 106, 13 Mr 

909 Oertiflcates. SEisceUaneoas. Personal liability of stockholder^ of 

corporaUons amended {R. S. '8T 12606). '91 p. 172 reenacted to 
correct itlegalitv i" passage. Id. p. 115, 8 F 

910 Manner of enforcing lieu of corporation on Its stock; notice to 

stockholder; aale. Amending G. L. '88 £1923. Ct. 50, 6 Ap 

911 Corporations may divide capital stock into smaller shares. 

Not. 9, 21 F 
Powers. B«gulati(»is. Propearty 

912 Conveyances. Corporations may transfer foreign concessions or 

franchises. Cal. 79, 13 Mr 

913 Ccmsolidatlon. FurchaM of stock. Corporation, except railroad 

or canal, may lease its property to another corporation; excep- 
tions. K. J. 150. 24 Mr 

914 Stock held by another corporation to be voted by president unless 

directors designate other officer; directors of one may be elected 
as directors of another, as in case of other stockholders. 

WlB. 100, 30 Mr 

915 B«ports. Corporations other tlian railroad, banking, building and 

loan and Insurance companies to make annual report to secretary 
of state. m. p. HI, 21 Ap 

916 Reports of manufacturing companies shall contain name and 

address of each officer and director; neglect to report renders direc- 
tors liable for debts contracted during neglect; secretary of state 
to notify company and each officer and director, by moil, of such 
neglect; his certificate prima facie evidence of receipt of notice; ail 
actions baged on neglect to be begun in two vears. Amending C. L. 
ST048. lC«h,a08. 17 My 


BDMMABX Olr LE)aiaL.ATION, 1899 87 

917 Annual, balance eheet to be filed.' N. M. 77, 16 Mr 

918 Ulscellaneoiui. Suits against corporations orgaolzecl ua<Ier laws 

of state may be brought In any county wbere corporation has 
an office or agency, or where any person resides who can be 
served wltb process. Ind. 11, T F 

918 Act limiting power of corporations to hold laud (G. S. iS&n) not to 
apply to those organized to deal in lands now owned by same 
persons who held before act passed. Ulim. 129, 3 Ap 

920 Minor amendment to examination of books of corporations to 

verify returns for taxation ("79 ch. 122 §12). Pa. 66, 28 Ap 

921 Private corporations shall within 10 days after each election of officers 

file list on whom process may be served. Aipeudlng R. S. '98 
S 1775b. Wis. 46, 23 Mr 

Dlatoltttlco). InsolTeticy 

922 Dissolution. Providing voluntary dissolution of private corpora- 

tions; application to court; notice. Mo. p. 116, 17 Ap 

923 On voluntary dissolution of solvent corporation court may, if 

creditors do not object, dispense with receiver. Amending C. C. 
P. S2429. N. T. 599, 16 My 

924 When receiver has been appointed and property Is In custody of 

court and corporation has forfeited franchise by failing to main- 
tain office or to appoint secretary of state as Its agent on whom 
process may be served, court shall distribute property. 

N. D. 55, 21 P 

925 Insolvency. ReceivArs. Courts of equity autioriaed to ovder sale 

of property and franchises of quasi public corporations, at suit 
of creditors having judgment Ala. p. 98, 23 F 

926 Wages of employees of corporation to be preferred claim when re- 

ceiver Is appointed. Ala, p. 100, 23 F 

927 Court shall allow attorneys filing original petition for moving 

creditors and to receiver appointed thereunder reasonable com- 
pensation. Amending '87 p. 55. Ga. p. 86, 23 D '98 

928 Receiver need not prove appointment unless It is specifically 
- denied. Ind. 168, 3 Mr 

928 Cases In which receivers may be appointed. Amending G, S. '97 
ch. 95 %2U. Kan. 9, S Ja 

880 When corporations have assigned or receiver is appointed, court 
may at once, on hearing of petition of assignee, receiver or 
creditor, resort to enforcement of stockholders' liability and 
make assessments; stockholders not parties to suits heretofore 
may be assessed after final Judgment Hlnn. 272, 18 Ap 

931 Receiving money by insolvent corporation a larceny.. 

Xo. p. 121. 17 My 



830 Compensation of receivers to be at dlBcretion of court; either 
. salaiTi lump enm or percentage. Neb. 33, 24 Mr 

933 Court may allow receivers an amount not exceeding $100 wben 

commlBstons do not equal that amount. Amending C. C. P. 
S3320. N. T. 94, 16 Mr 

934 Appointment of receivers amended (G. L. ch. 177 fi27). 

B. L 655, 4 My 
TtKtiga corporations 

935 Foreign corporations must file charter with secretary of state and 

designate agent on whom process may be served. Amending 
Digest '94 £1323. Ark. 19, 16 F; 65, 18 Mr; 168, 8 My 

936 Foreign corporation can not maintain or defend action till it desig' 

nates person on whom process may be served. Amending '72, 
566. . ■ Cal. 94, 17 Mr 

937 Foreign corporations must report Increase or decrease in capital 

stock; other minor amendments to '97 p. 174. HI. p. 118, 22 Ap 

938 Foreign corporations to have public office in state; articles of In- 

corporation and statement of property In state to be filed with 
secretary of state; license fees on proportion of capital stock; 
penalty of $1000 for neglect. Rei>eallug '95, 332. 

Hinii. 69, 18 Mr; 70, 17 Ap 

939 Foreign corporations to procure license from secretary of state 

before doing business. Ho. p. 129, 23 My 

940 Begulatiag foreign corporations for mining or manufacturing; 

copy of charter to be filed; resident creditors to have priority; 
taxation. Tenn. 31, '77. Partly void. Provision that creditors 
resident in state shaU have priority In distribution of assets 
over cretJltors of other states and countries violates the United 
States constitution which declares that citizens of each state 
shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens In 
the several states. Blake v. McClung, 172 U. S. 239. 

841 Penalty for not filing charter of foreign Incorporation ?250; at- 
torney general to begin civil action to recover same. 

Wash. 58, 13 Mr 

948 Provisions as to fillnfe articles of foreign Incorporation no longer 
apply to partnerships; penalty for violation 1500 [formerly 
?1000 for second offense]. Amending R, S. "98 §1770b. 

Wla. 351, 4 My 

Special Stock corporations 

843 Extending provisions of '73, 198 regulating Incorporation and 
management of railroads to bridge and tunnel companies. 14p. 



644 Summer resort corporations maj operate in adjoining state. 

Amending '97, 230. Mich. 30, 30 Mr 

94fi Cooperative associations not declaring dividend for Bye years maj 

be dlssolTed by district court on petition of five stockholders. 

Amending G. S. £2910. Minn. 217, 14 Ap 

946 Solvent real estate corporations organized tor term of five feais 

ma; renew tor five years. Hlim. 252, 17 Ap 

947 OorporatlonB for carrying on trade of merchants may deal In farm 

products. Amendhig '76, 142. Tann. 804, 22 Ap 

048 Providing form of charter for construction companies. Amending 

'TG, 142. Tann. 224, 15 Ap 

949 ProvidlnK (or organization of laundry corporations. Amending '75, 

142. Turn. 17, 21 Ja 

050 Companies may be organized for storage, transportation, purchase 

and sale of oil, gas, salt, 'brine and other mineral solutions; 

powers defined; may condemn lands. Tex. 117, 15 Uy 

Corporations not for profit 

<Gee alio PrLvite educational InB^tutloDi. 4SE, tSi; Fraternal locleClea, 37SI; Charitlea, 

34B0; Agricultural uaoclBtlDDB. 4436; BiemptlODi from taiatlOD, 1180) 
membership corporations generally. (lacluaiDs religlouB. educatlanal, social, 
scientific, benevolent etc) 
951 Incorporation. Powers. Bevislou of laws regulating incorpora- 
tion of literary and scientific associations. Mich. 29, 30 Mr 
'9SZ Repealing certain acta relating to associations not for pecuniary 
profit 2f. J. 76, 22 Mr 

953 Amending liability of directors of corporations tor promoting agri- 

culture and corporations for promoting principles of a political 
party ('95 ch. 559 fill). N. T. 292, 10 Ap 

954 Religious, educational and benevolent corporations may amend 

their articles ot incorporation at any meeting; notice. Amend- 
ing Ann. S. '00 «8833. S. D. 92, 24 F 
665 Property. Bonds, etc. Limitations on real estate holdings do not 
apply to nonprofltable corporations whose land Is timbered, and 
not over 160 acres. Amending C. C. 1595. Oal. 12, 16 F 

956 Religious, social and benevolent corporations may mortgage or sell 

property 6y majority vote of members [formerly on an order from 
district court] after publication of notice. Amending R. S. '87 
§2764. Id. p. 436; 6 Mr 

957 Religious, educational or benevolent corporations may hold prop- 

erty to amount ot $100,000. N. J. 117, 23 Mr 

958 Real estate holdings of religioDs and charitable associations limited 

to SI(W,000 (formerly ?50.0001. Amending R, C. '05 S2859. 

K. D. 53, 9 Mr 




SB9 CorporaUou not for pn^t m&y change name. Pa- 107, 2 My 
960 Clubs. S6cial organizatioiis. Prohibiting unauthorized wear- 
ing of secret Boclet; badges. Oal. 75, 11 Mr 
' 961 IncorporatlcMt of maeonlc and similar grand lodges shall Include 
subordinate lodges, which shall have all rights of other corpora- 
Oons. Amendhig R. S. '95 art, 713. Tvx. 138, 23 My 
BellgiouB corpor&tloiUR 

962 Incorpomtloii. Qeneral law for the Incorporation of ctaurchea 

and religious societies. '95 p. H reenacled to correct iUegdUtv 
in passage. Id. p. 236, 14 F 

963 Regulating Incorporation of methodlst, episcopal, baptist, re- 

formed Dutch, evangelical and Mennonite brethren churches. 
Uich. 11, 2 Mr; 40, 18 Ap; 54, 2 My; 82, % My; 94, 1 Je; 225,. 7 Je 

994 Religious societies may designate denomination according to policy 
of wbicb tbey shall be administered and may fix qualificatioDH 
of trustees. Amending Q. S. S3025. Minn. 73, 20 Mr 

665 Religious societies may Incorporate under either " An act to In- 
corporate religious societies " (revision, 1S75) or " An act to In- 
corporate associations not for pecuniary profit " <'98, 181). 
Amending '98, 181. N. J. 23. 13 Mr 

966 Calling and dismissal of minister, fixing of salary and order or 

nature of worship, to be according to rules and usages of the 
denomination; exceptions. Amending '96 ch. 336 art. I. 

N. T. 720, 26 My 

967 Submitting amendment to constitution authorizing Incorporation 

of missionary societies. Tote November 1900. 

W. Va. 3. r. 19, 25 F 

968 Prop«>rty. Amending '93 cb. 44 g3 relating to transfer of property 

from ecclesiastical society to church corporation. Ct 220,20^6 ' 

969 Bishop, priest or elder of a church or society may become a sole 

corporation and hold property In trust; powers. 

Mton. p. 105. 27 F 

970 Trustees. To be elected according to rules of denomination. 

Amending R. S. '93 ch. 39 S2. Del. 217, 9 P 

971 Religious societies may Increase number of trustees to nine. 

Uinn. 100, 3 Ap 

Banking and loan institutions 

(See also ToiatloD, 13T9) 
Banks — general. (IncludlDg all provisions relating to banks ot deposit or relatlag to 
them ]oiDU; with tollawlBE clasBea) 

972 Incorporatioii. General revision of banking law. 

IT. J. 178, 24 Mr 




973 Repealing certain acts relating to banks, Bate deposit and truit 

companies. K. J. 1T7, 24 Mr^ 

974 General banking law. Repealing '67, 4. Okl. 4, 10 Mr 

975 Referring to next legislature amendment to constltutiOD giving 

legislature power to- pass general banking law. 

Wis. ]. r. 13, 20 Ap 

976 Liability of shareholders In, trust companies and banks equals 

value of sbares owned; supreme eSurt on complaint of examiner 
may make assessment to restore Impaired capital; shares of 
delinquent holders may be sold or forfeited to company. 

UK 68. 14 Hr 

977 Banks in cities or villages of not over 1500 may have not less than 

120,000 [formerly ?15,000] capital; in Mies not under 110.000, 
ilOOfiOOa; over 110,000, 1250,000; wften- (feptwOs are 95,000,000; 
capUal BhaU he increated to $400,000; directors to be elected In 
January [formerly December] : receiving deposit after bank 18 
believed insolvent, a felony [formerly misdemeanor] ; Imprison- 
ment not over five [formerly one] years; loansto offtcere or 
emploi/ers must be approved 1>y directors; investments in bonds of 
certain railroads authorized. Amending '87, 20S; '91, 10. 

Uich. 265, 23 Je 
97S Banks applying In two years before expiration may extend cor- 
porate existence 30 years. Uich. 143, 23 Je 

979 Bank director ceasing to own requisite stock vacates his {dace; 

one fifth [formerly one tenth] of net profit must go to aurplu* 
fund; report of directors' examining committee sent to pub- 
lic examiner. Amending '95, 146. Uinn. 142. 11 Ap 

980 Regulating dissolution and increase or decrease of capital stock 

of banks and trust companies; Insolvent banks not to accept 
deposits. Koru p. 109, 6 Mr 

981 Inspection — gein«ral. Repealing '97 p. 59 providing for examin- 

ation of private banks by state examiner. Ga, p. 72, 3 D '96 

982 Commiaaloner of banking department may employ examiners; 

salaries $1700; bonds $10,000. Amending C. L. I612T. 

moh. 47, 28 Ap 

983 State corporation comflilsslon created to supervise building and 

loan associatlonB, banks and certain other corporations. 

N. C. 164, 6 Mr: 642, 8 Mr; 688, 8 Mr 

984 Salary of clerk and stenographer In bank examiner's office tl200 

[formerly $1000]. Amending R. S. '98 S170. Wla. 299, 28 Ap 

985 Bank examiner's chief clerk may examine banks. Amending B. S. 

'98 !2023k. Wis. 69, 30 Mr 



986 Capital. Banks in towns of over 2500 to have at least $^,000 
capital paid in and in tmaller towns at least $15,000 [formerly In 
all cases at least $25,000]. Amending Code '96 S1086. 

Ala, p. 27, 28 F 
887 Secretary of state shall, before bank or trust company begins 
business, ascertain wbetber required capital stock Is paid in. 
Ho. p. 119, 12 Ap 

988 Loans. Beaerve. TBree fifths of bank's reserve may consist of 

balance due from banks or United States, Hate,county or city bonds. 
Amending R. S. 12183. FU. 89, 27 My 

989 No bank to loan more than 10% of capital stock and «urpln8 to one 

person without good [formerly collateral] security. Amending 
Code '95 §1916. Oa. p. 48, 22 D '9S 

990 Banking corporations not to carry loans secured wboUy by real 

estate mortgages exceeding one half capital stock; ''guarantee 
of payment o^ such loan shall not bind bank but shall bind per- 
son making It; real estate bought under Judgment shall not be 
held more than lO (formerly flve] years. Amending R. C. '96 
^3228-30. Xt. B. 28, 9 Ur 

991 Deposits. Bank depositor who baa lost certificate may apply to 

supreme conrt for order compelling payment; regulations. 

N. T. 451, 27 Ap 

992 Banks to publish names of depositors who for three years have 

made no disposition of tbelr deposits; unclaimed money to 
escheat to territory and be turned into school fund. 

H. H. 62, 16 Mr 

993 BEuik aotM. Governor, treasurer and controller general to be 

commission to prepare and Issue bank notes; banks may Issue 
to amount of 75% of paid np capital, to be first lien oh entlr« 
assets after taxes and dues to state; reserve fund 25% of out- 
standing notes; additional liability of stockholders; attorney gen- 
eral to test federal 10% tas law In United States supreme court. 
Oa. p. 73, 15 D '98 

994 In«olT«Eic7. Voluntary assignments of banks and trust com- 

panies unlawful. Amending '97 p. 83. Ho. 118, 29 Hy 

99B Receivers of banks and trust companies to report semlannuall; 
to court and on their discharge to file all books and papers with 
circuit clerk. Uo. p. 120, 81 Mr 

096 State, counties, cities and other municipalities have no preference 
over other creditors of insolvent banks. WU. 230, 20 Ap 

997 Hortgage^ loan and Inveatmemt companies. Investment associa- 
tions not already under statutory provisions to comply vitta 
building and loan association law. Wis. 216, 19 Ap 


~ Oorpor&tioiifl 


998 MlflcdlAneotu) regulations. Banks forbidden to advertlee as 
trust companies. lEftM. 467, 2 Je 

989 Certain restrictions as to banking business not to appl^' to 
bankers of five years good standing at time of passage of tbls 
act Amending C. L. '97 {254. X. X. 40, IS Mr 

'Savings banks. (lacludlng muu' proTlsions rs to trust cairi[iEinleg) 

1000 IncorpoiHtion. Only banks or trust companies Incorporated by 

tblB state or by* the United States to receive deposits as a 
savings bank; penalty. Ct. 206, 20 Je 

1001 Not over two trustees of savings bank may be directors of tnat 

company or hank; beneficiary of trust deposit to be named, and 
paid on deatb of trustee if banlt has no notice of terms; orders 
may tie paid notwithstanding drawer's death 30 days from 
date; deposits may be paid minor or depositor in trustees' dis- 
cretion; receiver may pay balance due parties not found to 
state treasury, to be held 20 years for rightful owners; supreme 
court may restrain payment of dividends and deposits when 
necessary to protect depositors. 3U* 50, 9 Mr 

lOOS Generally amending '87, 18 as to Incorporation of savings l>anki. 

"W. Va. 46, 25 P 

1005 Saposits. When deposit in savings bank Is made by one person 

In trust tor another the fact mnst be disclosed to bank. 

Ot 122, 19 My 
lOM fleceipt of minor for deposit In savings bank valid. 

Ct 202. 20 Je 
lOOB Depositors' books to be verified every four years by examiners 
selected b; savings banks and approved by bank commis- 
sioners. H". H. 72, 11 Mr 

1006 laTBotmonts. Savings banks investment law amended (G. L. 

'88 11800, 1801, 1803, 1815). Cft 148, 1 Je 

1007 Savings banks may loan on bonds of Boston Terminal company. 

Kass. 215, 30 Mr 

1008 Prescribing securities in which savings banks may invest 

N. J. 207, 24 Mr 
1000 Savings banks may under certain restrictions Invest deposits In 
bonds of railroad of another state controlled by railroad of 
this state; not more than 5% In tionds of one railroad. Amend- 
ing '98 ch. 236 8116. N. T. 386, 21 Ap 

1010 Beserve. Savings banks' guaranty fund may be 10% [formerly 

5%] of deposits; Investments amended slightly. P. S. '91 ch. 
165 S16; '95 ch. 114 H- N. H. 74, 11 Mr 

Trust, oaf© deposit and investment 

1011 Incorporation. General law for Incorporation of trust com- 
. panics. Oft. p. 7^ 23 D '98 

r ,, i.C^OtwIc 


lOlS Generally amending 'S3, 107 relatlog to annolty, safe deposit 
and trust companleB. IQnn. 200, 13 Ap 

1013 Revision of law relating to trust companies. TS. 3- 1T4, 24 Mr 

1014 BfivIsloD of law relating to safe deposit companies. 

N. J. 176, 24 Mr 

1015 Correcting defectivu title of '97 p. 184 amending law regnlatlnff 

trust companlea. 111. p. 123, 24 Ap 

1016 AmendiDg amount of capital required for formation of loan 

and trust and safe deposit companies (Ann. S. '97 {3815). 

Ind. 219. 6 Mr 

1017 TniBtee or director of trust company absent for five conseca- 

tive monthly meetings to lose office; not to apply to director of 
company residing over 500 miles front place of meeting. Amend- 
ing '95, lOB. N. H. 14, 28 F 

1018 Powers. Trust companies may act as fiduciaries. 

Haas. 348, 9 My 

1019 Safe deposit and trust companies may Increase, tbelr capital 
, to any amount. Amending '85, 206. W. J. 5, 28 F 

1020 Hlscellauoous regulations. Trust deed or mortgage void wben 

certified to by trust company In violation of law. Amending 
'97 p. 184. , m. p. 123, 24 Ap 

1021 Word ' trust ' prohibited as part of name unless bualneas Is 

carried on under "93, 161 concern lng~loan and trust companies. 

Ind, 96. 24 F 

1028 TJnlawful for trust or deposit company to loan funds to its 

officers. Ind. 107, 27 F 

1023 Safe deposit boxes may. upon nonpayment of rent, be opened. 

Mo. p. 120. 24 My 
Building, loan, savings asaodationa 

1024 Incorporation. Regulating building and loan aesoclations. 

Ala. '93, 280. Partly void. That portion Which provides that 
in determining whether or not a transaction Is tainted with 
usury, premiums heretofore taken shall not be treated aa 
interest. Is retroactive and Is not expressed in title. Lindsay 
V. V. S, savings & loan co. 24 So. 171. 
1026 General law; annual statement; license fee; examination by in- 
surance commissioner. Del. 274, 9 Mr 

1026 General law. Kan. 78, 4 Mr 

1027 Generally amending building and loan association law. 

Nob. 17, 4 Ap; H. VL. 72, 16 Mr; Wis. ISS, 11 Ap 



1088 Minor amendments to balldlsg and loan association law (B. S. 

■97 ch. 32 568). lU. p. 112, 24 Ap 

1028 Loan companies and associations speclall; ctiartered and enper- 

Tlsed by commlsslouerB of aavlngB banks to be exempt from 

local Ucense. Haso. 261, 10 Ap 

1030 Amending powers of building and loan associations ('97 p. 231 

S4)- Hon. p. 121, 3 Mr 

1081 OapitaL Shaxes. Amending R. S. 'T5 p. 64 as to withdrawal of 

shares not pledged as Becuritf. N. I. 160, 24 Mr 

1032 Building and loan associations may laane " reserve fund stock." 
. Amending '95 p. 103 fill. Or. p. 19, 14 O '98 

1033 Hisoellaneoiu. Ilegulatloiis. Building and loan aBsoclations 

may go Into liquidation [formerly wltbln one year from date 
of act] ; court not toentertain petition for receiver eaxept on Kritten 
recommendatUm of iMiditor of state. Amending '2ft ch. 184 S8. 

Ind. 63, 22 F 

1034 Loans or deposits of Insolvent loan societies are lien on assets; 

loan to one person not over 9S0OO [formerly faOOO]; Interest not 
over 7% [formerly 10%]; qwirterly [formerly annual] reports to 
commissioner of tanking department [formerly state treasurer]. 
Amending '77, 205. Kieh, 273, 23 Je 

1036 Manner of making loans amended ('94 ch. 706 §178). 

N. T. 704, 26 My 

1086 May loan funds to stockbolders at sncb rates as are fixed by 

charter or by-laws; may purchase real estate necessary for 

Immediate accommodation In transacting buslneas. Amending 

.R. G. '96 532(»S, 3209. TS. D. 32, 10 F 

1037 In event of payment, foreclosure or redemption of mortgage held 

by insolvent association, all payments of dues and preminms 
on stock pledged as security aball be credited on mortgage and 
obligation thereby secured. Amending R. C. '96 S3219. 

m. D. 33, 8 Mr 

1038 InspectioD. Reports. Officers and directors of mutual saving 

fund, loan and bnlldlng assoclatlonB to file bonds wiith svper- 

, visor of buUding and loan associations [formerly with state 

treasurer]. Amending '96 p. 105. Bto. p. 122, 26 Ap 

103B Examiners of building and loan associations to give bond and file 

oath. Amending '97 p. 91. Mo. p. 123, 26 Ap 

1040 Associations to report to and comply with regulations of depart 

ment of banking and Insurance. Amending '91. 6. 

N. J. 166, 24 Mr 

1041 Fuvign associations. Foreign building and loan associations 

to deposit with state treasurer securltleB amounting to $26,000, 
subject to taxation, before doing business. Amending R. 0. '96 
IS208. K. D. 81, 28 F 



1042 Act (R. C. '95 13219) relatiDg to insolvent building and loan asso- 

ciations made applicable t« foreign corporatlonB. 

N. S. 33, 8 Mr 

Trusts. Combinations. Monopolies 

1043 Cl«neral laws. Pools and trusts prohibited; forfeiture of charter 

or right to do business; secretary of state to require affidavit 
of all corpordtloDS annually. Ark. 41, 6 Mr 

1044 Combinations In restraint of trade proliibited; damages; penal- 

ties. 'Kan. 293, 4 Mr 

1045 Defining and prohibiting trusts; proof of existence and defend- 

apt'a connection aufflclent; contracts void; person Injured mo; 
have twofold damages. Uicli. 255, 23 Je 

1046 Defining and prohibiting trusts; felony; forfeiture of charter; con- 

tracts not enforclble: any citizen may and attorney general 
sliall prosecute. ■ Ulim. 359, 29 Ap 

1047 Pools, trusts, etc. a conspiracy; Insurance companies not exempt 

Amending '97 p. 208. Mo. p. 314, 18 Ap 

1048 Additional restraints on operation of trusts and monopolies; Juris- 

diction of circuit courts; subpenas; persons injured may recover 
threefold damages sustained and costs. TSo. p. 316, 10 My 

1046 Attorney general In proceedings against trusts and monopolies, 
may take testimony of persons residing outside juriadlction of 
court or state; procedure. Mo. p. 318, 4 M; 

1060 Procedure In aecuring teetlmony In proceedings against trusts. 

Sioh p. 320, 4 My 

1051 Bevislon of '97, 383 regulating monopolies. N. Y. 690, 25 My 

1052 Corporations or persons becoming parties to trusta, etc. guilty of 

conspiracy; rulea as to evidence and procedure; esceptiona. 

N. O. 666, S Mr 

1053 General act prohibiting pools and tmata: in effect Jan. 31, 1900. 

T«x. 146, % My 

1064 Penalty for conspiring against trade S200 to $5000 [formerly $60]. 

Amending R. S. "SS art 631& Tax. 172, 5 Je 

1055 Special T«gulatlona. Prohibiting combinations to prevent ^eal- 

era and manufacturers from siting to any dealer, manufacturer 

or artisan; injured party may recover damages. 

Ind. 148, 3 Mr 
I0B6 Unlawful to form pools, trasts or conspliacles to control rates of 
transportation between thla country and Europe. 

N. T. 727, 26 My 
1057 Comblnatlone of fire insurance companies to control rates prohib- 
ited; annual aflSdavlts of offlcere; revocation of license. 

S. 0. 39, 7 Mr 



1068 Terltorlal commerce commlselon created; wht^eeale and retail 
licenses for sale of coal oil required; commission to estabUsb 
maximum and minimum price for oil. N. M. 50, 15 Mr 


State finance 

(Bee alto School finance, 236) 
State debt. Tax 

1058 Limit. AuthOTlzatiOQ. Controller may borrow money for cer- 
tain expenses heretofore or hereafter Incurred for national 
guard and volunteers. Amending '98 cli. 6T2 |2. 

N. Y. 493, 2 My 

1060 Slnblng fund. Loans bj sinking fund commission must be re- 

paid In gold or silver coin, In United States currency or in 
national bank notes. 8. C. 89, 23 F 

1061 Creating sinking fund for retirement of state debt. 

Tens. 8, 27 Ja 

1062 Bedemptlon. War loan bonds drawing bigbeat Interest to be 

redeemed &rst Amending 'm, 1. Mlcb. 261, 23 Je 

1063 Fimding. Sefuudlng. Additional regulations for issne of 

bonds to refund state debt. Amending '95 p. 1017 S6. 

Ala, p. 62, 16 F 

1064 Loan commission alwllahed. Bepealing B. S. '87 §2039; '91 ch. 79 

gl,'96, 33, 74. Art. 32, 13 Mr 

1066 State debt to be funded at 3% Interest, 30 years'. Ark. 148, S My 

1066 Whenever state university presents matured state bonds for 

redemption, governor shall issue In lieu EH) year non-negotiable 
bond at 5 1-2% [formerly 7%]. ' Amending '81 p. 101. 

Ga. p. 68, 20 D '98 

1067 State treasurer, auditor and governor to be a commission for 

funding of present state debt; regulations. '90-91 p. ill re- 
mooted to correct iUegalitv in posmve. Id. p. 144, 10 F 

1068 Providing for refunding indebtedneas of territory. 

IT. XL 58, 18 Mr 
1068 Extending time within wblcb oAners of state bonds Issued be- 
fore 1867 may exchange them for bosds of new Issue; other 
amendments to '79, 88. N. C. 388, -i Mr 

1070 Whenever general fnnd warrant Indebtedness is 96000, bonds 
sball be Issued and sold to permanent school fnnd; 3H% In- 
tereBL Wash. 44, 8 Mr 



1071 State tajc. For state purposes 50c [formerly 35c] on each $100. 

T«iui. 60, 27 Ja; 432, 24 Ap 
Audit. Acoouut, etc. 

1072 AppTopiatlons. Limit of expenditure. Appropriations for mis- 

cellaneous purposes not to be expended tor clerical seirlces 
eaoepl on written consent of each member of board of control. 
Amending '97, 167. Ct 13, 17 Mr 

1073 Not payable without Itemized vouchers showing proper expendi- 

ture; appropriation for office expenses not to be spent for labor. 
Ind. 137, 2 Ur 

1074 When tax for state instltntlous Is provided in specific appropria- 

tion bin, amount shall be for period ending June SO of next 
rear. Repealing C. L. §2230. Kich. 142, 23 Je 

1075 Current expense money for preceding appropriation year in 

hands of state Institutions on December 15 [formerly June 15] 
to l>e sent to state treasurer. Amending C. L. S1209. 

inch. 148, 28 Je 

107S Expenditures of state institutions not to exceed appropriations, 
except in case of calamity on consent of governor, state audi- 
tor and state treasurer; no debt lawful when made before 
appropriation. Utnn. 310, 20 Ap 

10T7 State contracts not to exceed appropriation; contract for part 
not to be binding on state tlU contracts for whole are made; 
exception. Amending '97, 413. N. T. 479, 2 My 

1078 Indebtedness on belialf of state not to be Incurred by an officer, 

board etc. without appropriation; specific appropriations not 
to be used for other purposes; moneys received from fees etc. 
to be paid to state treasurer monthly. Amending '97 eh. 413 
art 1. N. Y. 580, 12 My; 715. 26 My 

1079 Manner of paying appropriations to state institutions. 

Fia. 4, 16 Mt 

1080 All statutory appropriations payable quarterly In advance uulesa 

otherwise directed. Amending B. S. '08 1172. Wis. 361, 4 My 

1081 State officers not to create exi>ense In excess of contingent funds; 

accounts and vouchers; penalty. Wj. 36, 16 F 

1089 Account. Hisc«llaD«ous. Fiscal year to begin July 1. Bepeal- 

Ing '97, 14. Art. 28, 11 Mr 

1083 Time and manner of payment of state money to state treasurer 

by county treasurer. Id. p. 396, 6 Mr 

1084 Oonnty treasurers shall promptly remit state funds wifliont ex- 

pense to state, at their own risk; actoal expenses to be allowed 

by coDn^ commtssionerH. K. D. 162, 8 Mr 

1086 Fnitds. Establishing state printing fund. ' Cal. 58, 6 Mr 



108Q Funds to credit of nnlTeraltr iotereBt and etokins fnnd Jvlp IS 
[formerly January 3] to be trausf erred to general fund. 
Amending '93, 65. Oal. 77, 11 Mr 

1087 Governor may transfer to esbauBted general fund money not 

needed In otber funds. CaL 125, 20 Mr 

1088 Transferring certain state funds to general fund. Neb. 73, IT F 
108S Accumulated land grant funds In hands of secretary of state to 

be turned over to treasurer. N. C. 576, 7 Mr 

1080 Money from leasing of school lands to be turned into territorial 

treasury. Repealing '97, 38. Okl. 2S art. 2, 6 Mr 

1091 State tioard of loan commissioners may make temporary loans for 

state; interest not to exceed 6%. IT. 8, 2 Mr 

1092 Wben general funds are nnavallable, warrants shall be paid from 

permanent school fund, to be repaid with Interest. 

Waah. 41. 7 Mr 

1093 Fees received by state engineer to be credited to general [formerly 

contingent] fund. Amending '96 ch. 45 E5. Wy. 38, 17 F 

1094 Deposit. Limiting deposit of public funds In banks. Repealing 

'89. 169. Ct. 213, 20 Je 

1095 Interest on state deposits In banks not to be under £% [formerly 

3%]. Amending G. 8. 344. Minn. 309, 20 Ap 

1098 Amending C. 8. '97 {5090 relating to depositories of state funds; 
offlcers of bank seeking to qualify ore ineligiUe to Mgn 6ond re- 
quired; interest on daily balances to be at rate of 8% [forinerly 
8%]. Nob. 74, 4 Ap 

1097 Public funds to be kept within territory; penalty. N. SI. 6, 8 F 

1098 State depositories designated by board of auditors to continue to 

be such till new ones are designated and quallGed; board to 
designate on second Tuesday in January of even years; interest 
2% to 3% [formerly 3% to 4%]. Amending B. C. '96 1237. 

S. r. 150, 28 F 

1099 Warrants. Payments. Unpaid warrants on territorial treasurer 

to draw Interest at 7% [formerly 10%]. Amending R. 8, '87 
{298& Ari. 6, 9 F 

1100 Payment of appropriations in case revennes of state are insuffi- 

cient amended as to educational and charitable InstitutionB 
(■97, 1). Col. 1, 8 Ap 

tlOl State treasurer falling to call warrants promptly guilty of mis- 
demeanor. Col. 156, 4 Ap 

1102 State warrants not paid for want of fimds bear interest at rate 

of 7% [formerly 10%]. Amending B. S. '87 S238. '93 p. ifiS 
reenaoted to correct lUegalUtji In passage. Id. p. 228, 14 P 

1103 Auditor general to establish uniform system for paying fractions 

of salaries of state employees. Hlcli. 144, 23 Je 




1104 Amending '9T p. 103 relating to payment of warrants bj statu 

treasurer; warrants not paid for want of funds bear interest at 
4% [formerly 6%]. Hon. p. 08. 7 Mr 

1105 TVarrants Issued by state to draw Interest at i% [formerly 5%]. 

Neb. 48, 22 Mr 

1106 State auditor sball consecutively number vouchers and war- 

rants; vouchers must show postofflce address of payee. 
' , H. r. 170, G Mr 

1107 No person Indebted to state for costs, fines, taxes etc. shall be 

entitled to witness fees, road damages etc. Pa. 80, 28 Ap 

1108 Warrants for expenses of state officers not to be drawn till 

verified account of and receipt for such expenses are filed. 

S. D. 135, 4 Mr 

1109 No official to be allowed transportation or hotel expenses unless 

Included in sworn account accompanied by voucher of person 
or agent furnishing same; railway and steamboat vouchers to 
be stamped and signed; form of verification. Wash. 65, 13 Mr . 

1110 State auditor annually to cancel unpresented state warrants 

that have been Issued one year. Wy. 93, 21 F 

1111 Claims. Providing for organization of state l>oard to examine 

claims against state; regulations. 'DO-91 p. i4 reenacted to cor- 
rect illegalitv in passage. Id. p. 24, 2 F 

1112 Creating commission to settle state claims when collection Is 

doubtful or unfair. MJan. 212, 13 Ap 

1113 Conferring jurisdiction on court of claims to hear and determine 

claims of counties containing towns, cities and villages bonded 
to aid in construction of railroads, as to state tax on such 
railroads. N. T. 336, 17 Ap 

1114 Examinatioa. Report. Governor shall cause expert examina- 

tion of accounts of officers handling state funds to be made 
biennially. Repealing R. S. |111, 127-29. Fla. 188, 3 Je 

1115 Subpenas to be issued for officer failing to report to Bta.te 

treasurer or auditor or other state official when required to 
do so by law. Id. p. 432, 4 Mr . 

1116 Institutions receiving state aid must malie itemized report of 

expenditures to auditor by Octotier 31 annually. 

Ind. 179, 4 Mr 

1117 Indiana university. Purdue university and state normal school, 

to report receipts and expenditures in detail to state auditor 
semiannually. Amending '95, 80. Ind. 183, 4 Mr 

1118 Settlement between general assembly and auditor and treasurer 

amended <R. S. '89 §8632, 8634). Mo. p. 366, 29 My 



1119 Discrepancies bet'ween state auditor's books and statements of 

delinquent taxes returned from counties to be investigated and 
adjusted by itate examiner Iformerly auditor and examiner]. 
Amending R. C. '95 51353. S. S. 73, 8 Mr 

1120 Detailed statement of taxes levied in each town, village, city 

and county to be made annually by clerks, to secretary of 
state. Wis. 143, 10 Ap 

1121 State InstltutltNos. Money received by state Institutions to be 

paid monthly to treasury for credit of contingent fund of 
particular Institution. Cal. 93, 17 Mr 

1122 State institutions to report receipts and expenditures to gov- 

ernor semiannually; semiannual receipts to be paid into state 
treasury; to draw no money wblle refusing to comply with 
act. Ind. 119, 28 P 

1123 Accounting officers of state institutions to pay over receipts 

Keekly [formerly monthly] and forward report and order to 
state auditor mmthly (formerly quarterly]. Amending G. 8. 
87979. Minn. 157, 11 Ap 

1124 State institutions to make monthly requisitions on auditor for 

warrants to pay bills [formerly the appropriation was to be 
dravrn in advance quarterly]. Amending R. S. '9SJ2U70. 

U. S3, 9 Mr 

Public lands. School lands 

IBec alao Mlaiug. Oii: IrrlgKtloD, 4474) 

1125 General laws. Board of public lands created; commissioner of 

public lands appointed by governor; rules for leasing and man- 
aging public lands and funds; commission of Irrigation ap- 
pointed by governor. N. XL 74, 16 Mr 

1126 General law relating to state bodrd of lajid commissioners and 

management of state lands. Repealing R. S. '98 t 62. 

U. U. 9 Mr 

1127 Generally amending '91 p. lOS as to management and sale of pub- 

lic lands, and inveatment of funds ariting from sale. '9S p. 1S9, 
'95 p. 8S and '97 p. 45 reenacted to correct illegality in passage. 

Id. p. 72, 2 F 

1128 Generally amending laws relating to management of state lands. 

Or. p. 166, 18 F; Wla. 258, 26 Ap 
1120 Superintendent of public instruction as registrar of board of land 
Gommiseioners to give $10,000 bond, Wy. 14, 10 F 

1130 State board of land commissioners may administer oaths In pro- 
ceedings before them. Wy, 58, 18 F 




IISI Appeal from state board of land commiBBlonera to district court; 
procedure. ~ Wy. 86, 21 F 

1132 OfiBce of deputy register of state land office created; salary $1500; 

twnd. Hon. p. 85, 24 F 

1133 Sale. I^ase. Fees of appraisers of 16tti section lands $1.50 a. 

day. Ark. 70, 22 Mr 

1134 Lauds uncovered by recession and drainage and suitable for cul- 

tivation may be sold to settlers in tracts not over 160 [form- 
erly 320] acres. Amending '93. 229. Oal. 149, 22 Mr 

1185 Extension .of time for final payments on state land by occupants. 

Id. p. 3S3, 28 F 

use Amending O. S. '97 cli.65 g4-5 relating to leasing and sale of 
unimproved scbool lands. Kan. 241, 6 Mr 

1137 Auditor to correct patents to state lands defective In form or 
manner of execution. Kan. 243. 6 Mr 

1135 Commissioner of state land office to witbdraw from sale unsold 

university and primary scliool lands, Investigate value, &s minl- 
. mum price and restore to market Ulch. 95, 1 Je 

1139 Office of register of lands abollsbed. Repealing R. B. '89, 13& 

So. p. 323, 6 My 

1140 Prescribing manner' of sale or lease of state lands; repealing cer- 

tain sections of P. 0. '95. Xoa. p. 87, 1 Mr 

1141 Applicants for lands not approved to state shall deposit with stat« 

land register advertising fees In addition to United States fees, 
when township contains mineral entries. Hev. 43, 9 Mr 

1142 Interest one year overdue may be accepted on contracts for state 

lands not already reapplied for; reapplication for any part of 
lands on which InterestJs overdue shall be accepted; remainder 
reverts to state. Amending '86 eh. 85 JS. Nev. 104, 26 Ja 

1143 Referring to next legislature, in case congress amends enabling 

act, amendment to constitution autborlalng sale of public lands 
except school lands at not less than So [now $10] an acre. 

H. D. p. ^9, 8 Mr 

1144 Secretary of internal affairs may malte settlement with owners 

of unpatented lands. Fa. 124, 6 My 

1145 Commissioner of scbool and public lands may sell dead or fallen 

timber on sucb lauds; proceeds to go to permanent scbool fund. 
S. D. 110, 4 Mr 

1146 Generally amending R. S, '95 art 4218q regarding purchase of 

timber lands. Tex. SH, 12 My 

1147 Detached parcels of surveyed school lands may be sold at Jf 

[formerly ?2] an acre. Amending R. S. '95 art 4218y. 

Tex. 13T, 23 My 




1148 Settlers on state lauds given prefereoce rigbts to purchase. 

TJ. 88, 21 Mr 

1148 Oivner of ImproTements on leased school lands shall have prefer- 
ence to re-lease for 30 days after lease expires. Amending '97 
ch. m £30. Wtiab. 48, 8 Mr 

1150 Prescribing form of contract for leasing state mineral lands. 

Amending '97, 102. Waah. 147, 18 Mr 

1151 Preference In purchase of tide lands to be withdrawn from abut- 

ting upland owners when appeal from state land commissioners 
to superior court is not tried in two years. Wa^h. 73, 13 Mr 

1152 State board of land commissioners may deed to United States 

any lands granted to state, in return (or equal area from United 
States. Wy. 72, 21 F 

1153 Refund of money paid for lease of lands mlBtakenly supposed to 

belong to state. Wy. 00, 21 F 

1194 lIlsc«llaneous regulationii. Governor to appoint land agent to 

examine titles to school and other lands wblcb have passed out 

of possession of state; to settle disputed titles and to recover 

lands illegally taken. Ala. p. 116, 23 F 

1155 Regulations for reclaiming by irrigation land given state' by 

United States; state engineer to report to state board of land 

commissioners on plans submitted; board to select and dispose 

of lands; liens; tees. '95 p. S15 reenactcd to correct illegalUy in 

passage. Id. p. 282, 2 Mr 

1158 All lands acquired by state by foreclosure, forfeiture or escheat 

to be held and treated as school lands. Id. p. 443, 6 Mr 

1157 Amending salary and duties of agent appointed to select lands 

donated to state by United States and to determine losses to 
state by occupancy of sections 16 and 36 by United States. 
Amending Ann. L. '87 S3597, repealing §3610. 

Or. p. 94, 17 F 

1158 Two State land agents to be appointed to investigate depreda- 

tions on state lands. Tex. 104, 10 My 

1159 Commissioner of general land office to adjust conflicting surveys. 

Tex. 188, 15 Je 

1160 Misdemeanor to cut timber or dig minerals on state land; penalty 

S25 to $1000 or one to 12 months or both. ■Wash. 34, 6 Mr 

1161 State land commissioners may relinquish to United States selected 

lands the selection of which has failed or been rejected. 

Wash. 63, 13 Mr 

1162 Misdemeanor to destroy or deface place of shelter or its contents 

on any pnljllc lands or remove records left on mountains or 
elsewbere. Wash. 114, 13 Mr 



1163 Bvamp uid overflowed lands. Governor may expend proceeds 

of sale of Kankakee awamp lands In improvement of outlet for 
drainage of said lands. Ind. 258, 10 Mr 

1164 Board of internal improvements [formerly state board of edncation] 

to appoint agent to supervise swamp lands. Amending Code 
62512, 2523-25. N. C. 253, 24 F 

1165 Tide and shore lands. Providing for recoverj, survey and sale 

of islands formed in rivers and lakes and lands formed by reces- 
sion of waters; compensation for Improvements on sucli lands; 
procedure. Amending '95 p. 207. Mo. p. 276, 3 Je 

1166 Accretions to shore lands belong to state; not to be sold till 

platted; adjacent owner to have 30 days preference. Amendinc 
'97 ch. 89 S51. Wash. S3, 13 Mr 

1167 Shore and tide lands other than first class to be sold in same 

manner as school lands; one tenth of purchase price to be paid 
on date of sale [formerly application]; may be leased as school 
{formerly arid] lands, not over SO years. Amending '97 oh. S9 
!48, 50. Wash. 86, 13 Mr 

Taxation— general « 

(Relating cbieO^r to gsDsral property taxes. See otso Road taxes. 3290) 
Oeueral relations 

1168 Special tax cammlsslons. Tax commission created to examine 

laws and report bill to secure assessment of all property, 
prompt collection and correct returns. Tex. 13, 1 Ur 

1169 Governor to appoint a commission to report in 1900 on double 

taxation. Vt. j. r. 375, 30 N 'fiS 

1170 Commissioner of taxation to be appointed by governor to serve 

10 years from May I, 1899; to Investigate tax system and 
recommend reforms; salary $5000. Wis. 206, 19 Ap 

1171 General laws. General revenue law. N. O. 11, 8 Mr; 15, 8 Mr 

1172 Generally amending laws as to assessment and collection of 


lEich. 262, 23 Je; 264, 23 Je; N. IL 22, 1 Mr; Wash. 141, 16 Mr. 
1178 Revision of law for assessing and collecting taxes. N. B. 126, 
'97. Partly void. S8S In so far as It anthorizes recovery of 
taxes paid Into county treasury prior to passage of the act. 
on land exempt from taxation. Is unconstitutional; subject 
not expressed In title. DIvet v. Richland county, 76 N. W, 

ai llmltntlons ot races, etc State and local taxes are DBuall; colleoted K^cher by local authoiillea 




1174 Revision of la'n' as to aaaeaament and coltecdon of reveDue tor 

state, county and municipal purposes. 76p. Tenn. 435, 24 Ap 

1175 Regulating the levy and limitation of tases. S. I>. 41, 6 Mr 

1176 Am«ndmaits and ^mlecellaneous proTialons. No action against 

state maintainable by counties or county officers tor services 
In assessing and collecting ad valorem taxes. Oal. 11, 16 F 

1177 Generally amending various sections ot law relating to assess- 

ment and collection of taxes, equalisation, collection of delin- 
quent tases and payment of county warrants. '95 p. 101 re^ 
enacted to correct UlegaUtv in passage. Id. p. 2S4, 16 F 

1178 Minor amendments to R. S. '97 cb. 24 |111; '71 p. 218 prescribing 

manner of assesBment and collection ot taxes for corporate 
purposes. HI. 02, 21 Ap 

1178 City attorney In taxing districts of 60,000 to prosecute or de- 
tend all suits involving assessment or collection of city taxes. 
Amending '70, 11. Tsnu. 53, 28 Ja 

1180 Tax law amended as to railroads and mines and duties of state 

board of equalization (R. S. '98 t. 37). V. 68, Mr 

Exsmptions from g«neral property tax 

1181 Referring to next legislature constitutional amendment provid- 

ing that legislature shall not pass local or private bill 
granting to any person, association. Arm or corporation an 
exemption from taxation on real or personal property. 

N. T. p. 16«5, 26 Ap 

1182 Property on wbicb exemption from taxation expires at any time 

during year sball be taxed pro rata on remaining part ot year. 
Amending R. S. 'OS art 5066. Tex. IGO, 2 Je 

1183 Canal and reservoirs for storing and distributing water to be 

exempt from taxation tor 16 years after completion; restric- 
tion. Arl. IS, 3 Mr 

1184 Railroads now exempt from taxation may cbange their lines to 

avoid grades etc; restriction. Arl. 36, 14 Mr 

1185 Steam railroads hereafter constructed to be exempt from taxa- 

tion for 10 years from date of this act. Arl. 66, 13 llr 

1186 Property of blind persons to value of $3000 only shall be ex- 

empt from taxation. Ct 9, 17 Mr 

1187 Hospitals, private IrrlgatloQ canals and dues and credits 

secured by mortgage, trust deed or Hen to be exempt from 
taxation. Amending R. 8. '87 §1400-01. 'S3 p. ISO reeitacted 
to correct UlegaUty in passage. Id. p. 220, 10 F 

1188 Referring to next legislature constitutional amendment, assess- 

ing patented mining claims (formerly exempt) at $10 an acre. 
Nbt. ]. r. 6. 3 Mr 




1189 Mining claims exempt from tasatlou till one year after Issue of 

patent N. H. 60, IS Mr ~ 

1190 Untual insuraoce companies incorporated in tlie atate exempt 

from taxation on portion of personal property by cities and 
towns. Amending G. L. cb. 29 |6. B. I. 665, 23 My 

1101 Pulp, rougb-sawed lumber and charcoal manufactorleB may be 
exempted Cor 10 years by vote of town. Amending Vt S. ch. 
365. Vt. 14, 19 N '98 

1192 Personal property. Cotton and otlier agricultural products and 

pig iron to be exempt from taxation wben in Lands of pro- 
ducer or a purchaser for prompt shipment Ala. p. 122, 23 F 

1193 Submitting constitutional amendment exempting from taxation 

all atate and local government bonds. Tote Xirvetnlter 1900. 

Cal. i. r. 34, 17 Mr 

1194 Sheep to the value of $100 exempt from taxation. Amending 

G. L. '88 S3820. ■ Ct. 183, 14 Je 

1195 Submitting amendment to constitution authorizing legis- 

lature to exempt from assessment and taxation $300 In per- 
sonal property for each head of family. Tote November 1900. 

Wash. 74, 13 Mr 

1196 Membership corporations. Submitting amendment to constitu- 

tion exempting from taxation property used exclusively for 
worship. Tote November 1900. Cal. J. r. 16, 17 F 

1197 Submitting constitutional amendment eslempting California 

school of mechanical arts from taxation. Tote November 1900. 
Cal. j. r. 30, 11 Mr 

1198 Orphan asylums and homes for the Indigent exempt from taxa- 

tion. Amending G. S. §1512. Minn. 210, 14 Ap 

1199 Circulating libraries open to the public exempt from taxation. 

Vt. 13, 22 N '98 

1200 Delinquent taxes on charitable iDStitutioDS remitted. 

Wash. 36, 6 Mr 

1201 Repealing B. S. '98 S103S subdiv. 20 exempting from taxation 

property of corporations for care of insane. Wis. 95, 30 Mr 

1202 Assessors. Salary and terms of office amended ('97 ch. 51 S2). 

Ari. 63, 16 Mr 

1203 Providing penalties for failure of assessor to properly assess 

property; duties of county commissioners as to assessment of 
taxes. Amending '99 p. 254. 

Id. p. 453, 13 Mr; p. 455, 13 Mr 

1204 Assessors and deputy aasesaora of counties of 125,000 to be paid 

out of county treasury. Amending '98 p. 34. HI. p._ 336, 24 Ap 



1205 County aaseasor not eligible for .election more than twice In 12 

years; county commlssionerB may authorize asBesBor to visit 
otber counties and states in order to discover property believed 
to be omitted. Amending Ann. S. '97 J6375. Ind. 167, 4 Mr 

1206 In ylUages constituting separate election districts asBessors shall 

be elected . by people [formerly council]. Amending G. 3. 
S121»-1B. Klnn. 33, 2 Mr 

1207 Creating otHce of assessor in counties of 100,000 to 185,000; sal- 

ary $2500. Hinn. 140, 10 Ap. UnconatitutUmal. Special leglB- 
tation regulating affairs of counties. State v. Rltt, 78 N. W. 5% 

1208 County assessors not to hold office more than tivo successive 

terms [formerly ineligible for election to any county office for 
two years]. Amending '95 p. 41. Mo. p. 324, 5 My 

1209 County assessors to serve Uco [formerly four] years. Repealing 

'S3 ch. 92 Sl-2. Hev. 74, 14 Mr 

1910 Town council may create board of assessors; duties. 

N. J. 107, 23 Mr 

1211 Clerk of commissioners of assessment of taxes in certain cities 

may receive salary not exceeding JI200 [formerly JIOOO], 
Amending '90. 181. N. J. 144, 24 Mr 

1212 Assessors in townships lu counties of 150,000 to hold office three 

years. N. J. 91, '93. UnconglituHonal. A township In such 
county has no characteristics which would distinguish It from 
any other township of the same population and necessities. 
State V. Matthews. 42 A. 1051. 

1213 Amending compensation of assessors ('97, 60). 

N. K. 25, 1 Mr; 24, 1 Mr 

1214 Assessors not to receive more than $60 for one civil township 

nor more than $180 for any district otiter than civil township. 
Amending '97 ch. 12C |32. N. D. 138, S Mr 

1215 Amending compensation at county assessors; annual meeting 

with territorial auditor abolished. Amending '97 ch. 12 art.5 
Sn. 13. Okl. ch. 11, art 2, 10 Mr 

1S16 Township, city and town boards of assessors to be appointed by 
governor on recommendation of members of, general assembly 
from county; chairman of such boards to be members of county 
board of equalization. B. C. 1, 12 Ja; 2, 2 Mr; 86, 6 Mr 

121T Oath of county assessor. B. D. 40, 3 Mr 

1218 Bevlslon of law as to county assessors. Wy. 05, 20 F 

1219 Miscellaneous regulations. Assessments to begin May 1 [for- 

merly February 1]. Amending Okl. S. '93 ch. 70 art. 2 83, 4. 
Okl. 28 art 1, 10 Mr 




1220 One asBessment only for coonty and citj purposes In citlea of 

Becond cUbs, Amending '9T, 28. Wy. T7, 21 F 

1221 Bettini by taxpayeis. SupervlaorB and other aBsesalng officers 

shall [formerly may] reqalre oath to Btatement of taxpayers 
property. Amendlue '93, 206. Hich. 239, 15 Jo 

1222 List of personal property to be made by taxpayer under oatb, 

wlien required; penalty for evaBlon; reward for detection of 
fraud. S. S. 40, 3 Mr 

1223 Lists. Bolls. Books. AsseBsora may add to list after notice 

to owner; time of notice amended aa to Ne^ Haven. G. L. '88 
§3812. Ct. 144, 31 My 

1224 Amending acbedule for listing of peraonal property ('95, 19). 

Znd. 215, 6 Mr 

1226 Present ownership maps to be made by county recorder; copies 

to be given to county assesBora. TT. 43, !> Mr 

1226 Real eatate list to be verified by oath before maoistrale [formerly 

juatlce). Amending Vt S. {391. , Vt. 15, 15 N '8S 

1227 Sllglitly amending R. S. '98 81058 aa to correction of errors in 

aaaeBsment roll. Wis. 323, 2 My 

1228 Assessor to correct errors made In [formerly copylngl preced- 

ing assessment roll. Amending R. S. '98 S1058. 

Wis. 351, 4 My 
1220 Assessment of real estate. Law (B. S. ch. 6 §S2) as to payment 
of taxes in unincorporated places applies to organized planta- 
tions assessed as wild land. Repealing '97 ch. 300 85. 

He. 131. IT Mr 

1230 Minerals and standing timber are real estate for puriroses of 

taxation; tax a Hen; sale may be enjoined; removal before pay- 
ment of taxes a crime. Tfflnn. 235, IT Ap 

1231 General act providing for reaaaesament of real estate. 

W. Va. 21, 22 F 
12S2 Real or pergonal property omitted Inadvertently from aaseaament 
roll to be entered once for each year omitted. Amending R. S. 
'98 S1059. Wis. 50, 23 Mr 

1283 Iiots. City realty. Penalty for refusing to survey lands sub- 
divided into lots and mate plats thereof. Amending R. S. '89 
ch. 138 art. 2. Ho. p. 325, 12 Ap 

1234 Feraooal property. Assessment of stocks of goods, wares and 

merchandise amended (Code '96 S3011). Ala. p. 48, 23 F 

1235 Amending payment of tax on chose In action; deacrlptlon only 

may be aent to state treasurer of any except bonds and notea 
Becnred by mortgages. Amending '9T, 21Q. Ct. 222, 20 Je 

1236 Peraonal property, where listed for taxation; collection of tax; 

Hen. Ean. 248, 4 Mr 



1237 'Personal property in transit to point outside state to be asaeesed 
at point where It will leave slate by ordinary route. Amend- 
ing C. L. fi3S3T. Midi. 32, 8 Ap 

12S8 Tehiclei, the aggregate oahte of which is $100 [formerly carriages 
exceeding $C0] to be taxed as personal estate. Amending P. S. 
'91 ch. 55 17. K. H. 84, 11 Mr 

1239 Personal property of parties doing business under adopted name 

to be taxed in sncb name; persons interested Jointly liable. 
Amending B. S. '98 S1044. Wis. 229, 20 Ap 

1240 Personal property Includes ice cut and stored; to be astested. 

Amending R. S. '88 £1036. 1040. Wis. 346, 3 My 

1S4I Hortgages. Repealing R. S. '87 S1425 providing that contract oy 
which debtor agrees to pay taxes on. money loaned, or mortgage, 
deed, or l!en, shall be void. 'SS p.lS reenacted to correct illegalitv 
in pasiage. Id. p. 216, 10 F 

1242 Mortgage of not exceeding i'QO may be deducted from assessed 

valuation of real estate; statement to be transmitted to auditor 
of county In wblch mortgagee resides. Ind. 190, 4 Mr 

1243 Submitting constitutional amendment: mortgages, contracts etc. 

by which debts are secured to be deemed an Interest In prop- 
erty and taxed to holder; value of property less value of security 
taxed to owner; contracts to make debtor pay tax void. Vote 
0. Ho. p. 383 

1244 Oraln. Grain In elevators to be assessed April 1 each year In 
name of owner of elevator; persons in chaise to furnish state- 
ment; party assessed to have lien on grain it owned by another. 
N. D. 5, 8 Mr 

134B Referring to next legislature amendment to constitution author- 
izing taxing of grain In elevators and granaries. N. D. p. 259 

1240 Live stock. Regulating assessment and taxation of live stock 
when kept or allowed to range In more than one county. '97 
p,2a reenacted to correct aiegality in passage. Id, p.298 1 F 

1247 Taxes to be collected on transient herds. S. S. 44, 18 F 

1248 Live stock brought Into state for grazing to be taxed; duty of 

county clerk and assessor; tax to be paid In but one county 
though stock graze In more; distribution of taxes between coun- 
ties, n. 44, 9 Mr 
1248 Bevislon of law as to tax on migratory live stock. Wy. 20, IS F 

1260 Special classes. Taxing mineral lands; mode of assessment. 

Col. 132, 8 Ap 

1261 Bridges over rivers on state line must be listed for taxation; 

valuation; penalty, Kan. 37, 6 Ja 

125!! Providing for assessment and collection of taxes on land grants. 

N. U. 49, 15 Mr 




1253 Property of water, electric light or gas companies Id two 'or more 

muDiclpalttles or school districts to be placed' oa assessment 
rolls proportionately In each territory. Amending R. 8. '98 
§1037a. Wis. 283, 28 Ap 

Xlquallzatlon and adjuataueut 

1254 Local boards. Metbod or makiBg complaint to county board of 

equalization; testimony; auditor to attend meetings. Amend- 
ing "90-91 cb. 36 S7. Wy. 47, 17 F 

1255 Board of relief mnat complete tbeir duties by fonrtb Monday of 

February. Amending '95, 98. Ct. 143. 31 My 

1256 City and municipal boards. Creating boards of eqaallzation In 

cities of less than 10,000; to consist of mayor, alderman and city 
recorder. Minn. IIG, 3 Ap 

1257 City boards of equalization to meet on fourth Monday In Jvne 

{formerly first in Juljl; finish work by second Monday in July 
[formerly second Tuesday In August]. Amending '95 ch. 8 
S207-8. Minn. 275, 18 Ap 

1258 State boards. Apportionment. State tax commissioner to re- 

ceive salary [formerly fees] ; minor amendments to '97 p. 621 
relative to tax commissioners. Ala. p. 195, 21 F 

1250 Powers of state board of equalization amended. 

Col. 84, 14 Ap 

1260 Town clerk to transmit to controller In April (formerly March] 

abstracts of Hats of boards of relief. Amending G. S. '88 S3804. 
Ct. 15, 17 Mr 

1261 Increasing powers of state board of equalisation. Amending '99 

p.254. Id. p. 452, 13 Mr 

1262 Creating state board of three tas commissioners, term sis years, 

salary $2500; to have supervision of aasesSors, receive com- 
plaints, visit eacb county annually, report true value of cor- 
poration and other property; may add to or change assessment 
rolls; to hold six regular sessions each year. Amending '93, 
306. Mich. 154, 23 Je 

1263 Amending classification of property as laid before board of 

equalization by state auditor (R. S. '89 S7514). 

Mo. p. 323. 25 F 

1264 Establlsblng new apportionment for assessment of public taxes 

in eacb town. K. H. 54, 9 Mr 

1265 Act creating state board of equalization repealed ('97, 510). 

M". C. 53, 8 P 

1266 Begisters of deeds no longer to report transfers to state board 

of equalization. Amending '97 cb. 126 £46. N. S. 137, 9 Mr 



1867 Amending duties of territorial board of eQualizatlon ('93 ch. TO 
art. 7; '85 ch. 43 art. 1). Okl. 28 art 3, 24 F 

1268 State board of eaualizatlon abollsbed. Repealing 'SI p. 182. 

Or. p. 15, 13 O '88 

1S69 Conntf clerk to transmit to secretary ot Btate a copy of ewmmary 
of tuaeisment roll [foniiGrly copy of assessment roll] ; conteDts 
of summary. Bepealiug Ann. L. '87 S2788. Or. p. 4, 6 F 

1370 CollMtorB. County commissioners to determine compensation 
of collector. Amending '95, 285. . N. J. 142, 24 Mr 

1271 Commissioners of counties cont&lnlng cities of less tliaa 100,000 

may appoint tax collectors for wards of those cittes. 

Fa. 31, 10 Ap 

1272 Procodiire In collection and payment. Provldiag for publica- 

tion of date after wblch tax^ will be delinquent. Amending 
Code '96 §4007. 'Ala. p. 52, 23 F 

1273 Treasurers to mall notice of amount of taxes to taxpayers. 

Col. 129, 6 Ap 

1274 Tax papers may be served by deHvering to fwrson named, posting 

copy on real estate or leaving at place named by owner or mort- 
oagee. Repealing '88 ch. 390 {33-34; '92, isa 

UaM. 425, 27 My 
1870 In towns and cities part, not Iras than 25% of taxes, and except- 
ing poll tax, roay be accepted and .receipted for. 

Haas. 394, 23 My 

1276 Cheeks and battle drafts honored iclthout deduction on presentation 

to operate as payment of taxes; receiving officers not required 
to accept any tender except gold, silver, treaanry notes, ooJd 
or silver certificates or national l>ank notes. Amending C. L. 
(1179. mch. 22S, 7 Je 

1277 3% discount allowed for payment of taxes before dua 

N. J. 201, 24 Mr 
1878 On request of nonresident property owner the tax: collector shall 

notify him of amount of tax and time and place of payment. 

Amending '06 ch. 908 870. N. Y. 342, 17 Ap 

1878 Amending '97 ch. 28 fi80 relating to receiver of state, county, city, 

etc. warrants In payment of taxes. S. B. 47, 1 Mr 

1880 Taxes may be paid in two Instalments. Amending Ann. S. '99 

82286. S. D. 42, 18 F 

1881 Amending collection ot taxes by collector and payment of 

funds Into treasury (Vt S. S482-83). Vt IS, 10 N '98 

128S County treasurer shall certify statement of taxes due on prop- 
erty removed to other county, there to be collected and re- 
mitted back. Wash. 32, 6 Mr 



1283 MiDor amendments to R. S. '98 ch. 48 as to time of collecting 

taxes. Wis. 336, 3 My 

1284 Beftmda. Protests. Bebats. Claims against state for taxes 

erroneously collected to be allowed if presented two years 
after discovery of error. Amending Digest '94 $3224. 

Ark. 194, 8 My 

1285 Accounts. Liability of coUectors. Claims of counties aud cities 

against state based on collection of taxes are iuvaild. 

Cal. 47, 4 Mr 

1286 Abolishing fees from state to county and city officers for collect- 

ing ad Talorem taxes. Cal. 86, 14 Mr 

1287 County tax collector responsible only for taxes due for years for 

which be is chosen. Amending Code '95 §98. 

Ga. p. 41. 20 D '98 

1288 Repealing H, S. '87 H679 for compensation of county officers for 

collecting state revenue. Id. p. 439, 7 Mr 

1289 State taxes to be paid to state treasurer by county treasurer by 

May 1 [formerly February 1, or for certain counties April 1]. 
Amending Ann. L. '87 S2813. Or. p. ffi, 17 P 

1290 Cities of less than 5000 to pay connty ^% ot taxes for expense 

of collection. Amending R. S. '98 12696. TT. 61, 9 Mr 

1291 Payment of state tax by county treasurers on first Monday la 

February made uniform [formerly certain counties excepted]. 
Amending R, S. '98 §112. WU. 164, 12 Ap 

Delinqnent taxes. Tax sales . 

1282 GenM'Bl. Minor amendment to '95 ch. 1 S24 as to assessment of 
lands escaping taxation. Fla. 2, 2 Je 

li^3 Delinquent tax lands to be subject to disposition, sale and re- 
demption; auditor general may set aside sales made In contra- 
vention of law. Amending '93, 206. Klcb. 169, 23 Je 

1294 Taxes on improved lota in towns and villages a Hen on land and 

buildings jointly and severally. Uliui. 190, 13 Ap 

1295 Taxes are delinquent unless paid by t^ovember SO [formerly De- 

cember 1]. Amending P. C. '95 13860, 3866. Hon. p. 97, 7 Mr 

1296 Collector of taxes in towns and municipalities except cities may 

receive in settlement of arrears of taxes the sum determined 
on by commissioners of adjustment. Amending '98 193. 

N. J. 114, 23 Mr 

1297 Personal taxes — general. Taxes a lien on personal property 

In hands of vendee; auditor to change name on tax list la. 36, 
'92. VnevnBtttuUvnal. Subject not expressed in title. Bex 
Lumber co. v. Reed, 107 la. 111, 




1298 Townsbip or city treasorer may seize tor taxes pereoDal property 

ot person, firm or corporation. Amending C, L. B3870. 

Mich. 215. 1 Je 

1299 List of delinquent personal taxes to be made on fifth secular 

[formerly first] day of April; fliing list in district court is prima 
Jade evidence of regularity o[ leea and assessment; delinquent may 
answer on lOlh secvlar dan following [formerly April 15]. ' 
Amending '97. 79. Minn. 24G, 18 Ap 

1300 Personal property taxes become delinquent February 1 [formerly 

March 1); treasurer to deliver Hat to sheriff on or before 
September 15 [formerly April 15]; notice to be moiled to ielin- 
gaenis; sheriff to make returns December 15 [formerly January 
1]: realty taxes become delinquent February 1 [formerly 
March 1]. N. D. 134, 2 Mr 

1301 Fenaltlea and iaterest. Collectors to be held responsible for 

collection of penalty for nonpayment of taxes when due. 
Amending R. S. '89 §7605. Mo. p. 325, IG F 

1302 Notice of sale. Lists. Amending rate to be charged by news- 

paper for publishing notices of tax salea (Code '96 14057). 

I Ala. p. 63, 23 F 

1303 County clerks to furnish to tax collectors delinquent lists, to be 

posted in three places in each collection precinct; collectors 
shall notify taxpayer ot forfeitures. Ajrk. 174, 8 My 

1304 Notice ot sale of land for tax: arrears to be published in any 

paper ot county, if none is published in town; service of 
notice on corporation that has lien. Amending '9G. 143. 

N. J. 182, 24 Mr 

1305 MlBcellaneoos procedure in enforcing taxes. When writ ot 

certiorari may be allowed In delinquent tax cases in town- 
ships and municlpallUes other than dtlea. Amending '98. 
193. N. J. 68, 21 Mr 

1306 Dockets of tax liens and certain of unpaid taxes to be made by 

prothonotaries of counties. Pa. 98, 28 Ap 

1307 Duties of sheriffs aa to tax executions amended (R. S. '93 v. 1 

S353). S. C. 48. 28 F 

1308 Liens for taxes expire In 10 years. S. C. 49. 28 F 

1309 Duplicated tax executions may be issued to replace lost ones. 

a. C. 87, 3 Mr 

1310 Bnlldings on city lots not to be removed till taxes are paid. 

S. S. 46, 6 Mr 

1311 Timber claims must not be denuded before payment of taxes. 

S. S. 46, 6 Mr 



1312 Coats of forecloBlng tax certificate discretioaai? with court, 

never to exceed face of certificate; if defendant quit-claims or 
answers dlBclaimlng title, costs sliall not be recovered against 
him personallr. Amending B. S. '08 £1181. Wis. 337, 3 M7 

1313 Tax sales. Commissioner of state lands to sell forfeited lands 

described as lots or blocks, outside of cities and towns. 

Ark. 193, 8 My 

1314 Certificate of tax sale to be filed tn SO [formerly four] days. 

Amending '95 ch. 70 S5. He. 7t!, 15 Mr 

1315 Objections to petition for delinquent tax sale may be filed after 

day fixed for hearing if cause is shown to court 
within tioo [formerly five] days from that date; repealing legal 
rate for publishing petition. Amending C. L. §3889. 

Ulch. 31, C Ap 

1316 Possession of land sold for taxes: service to be made on grantee 

of last recorded deed in regular cAoln of title or mortgagee in 

all undischarged mortgages; notice on executor»; publication 

when parties Ttonresident or unknown. Amending C, L, g3959-60. 

Mich. 204, 17 My 

1317 When proceeds of tax sale are less than tax due, state tax shall 

be paid first and residue divided pro rata between funds for 
lehich levy wot made [formerly equally between county and 
school funds]. Amending G. S. 11617. Minn. 35. 3 Mr 

1318 Amending sales of real estate for taxes In cities of 30,000 to 

100,000 (R. S. '89 81372). Mo. p. 80, 24 My 

1319 Sales for nonpayment of taxes in villages of 5000 amended ('97 

art. 4 ch. 414). N. T. 446, 27 Ap 

1320 County recorder to make abstracts of records of tax sales, 

TJ. 70, 20 Mr 

1321 Tax deeds. Blank tax deeds and certificates to be furnished by 

controller; notice of issuance of deed to be given to nonresident 
original owner by publication. Amending '95 ch. 1 £60^1. 

. na. 1, 1 Je 

1322 If property is not redeemed within two years from sale, collector 

must, on demand of purcliaser, make deed to him. Amending 
'99 p. 254. Id. p. 376, 14 Mr 

1323 Tax deed to be executed by auditor [formerly treasurer] ; form. 

N. S. 155, 8 Mr 

1324 Contest of sale. Befuitdliig. If court declares tax sale void. 

money with interest is to be refunded to owner. Ari. 38, 14 Mr 

1325 When by mistake land is sold for taxes, county is to repay owner 

the principal sum with Interest at 8% ^formerly 2S%] a year. 
Amending Ann. 8. '91 g2824. Col. 128. 4 Ap 



1326 Tax deeds to be prima fade evidence of ownership lu certalB 

suits. AmendiDg R. S. cb. 62. Mo. p. 207, 13 Ap- 

1327 Action to quiet title, cancel tax deed 6r (or ejectment or-injury 

to land barred In three years [tormerly nine monthsl as to 
lands conveyed by tax deed void on its face. Amending R, S. 
■98 IllSfla. Wis. 351, 4 Mj 

132S State and county tax lands. Auditor may contract ^itb resi- 
dent of county to represent state at tax sales; agent may be 
appointed In eacb county to care for and rent Teat estate bid 
In by state; sale of such lands by state. Ala. p. 120, 15 F 

1329 County may dispose of real estate purchased for delinquent taxes. 

Id..p. 331, 6F 

1330 Auditor general to be made party defendant to proceedings to set 

aside delinquent tax sale of lands held as state tax lands. Sup- 
plementing '03, 206. Mich. 97, 1 Je 
1381 Generally amending C. h. §3449-50, 3452-53, 3455 as to state tax - 
lands; deemed abandoned If delinquent five years without 
attempt to redeem or set aside- tax and If unoccupied by person 
baving record title; state's title absolute In five [formerly 
three] years. Mich. 107, 8 Je 

1332 Levy on land to be released If owner deeds to state. Amending 

C. L. 13870. Mich. 215, 1 Je 

1333 Title to lands heretofore sold for taxes to levee board remaining 

unredeemed Jan. 1, 1878, shall vest in state, and levee taxes 
thereon shall be suspended till such lands are sold or donated 
by state. Miss. ch. 105 S13, '76. Toid, so far as It attempts to 
discharge the lands of the lien of the levee tax, so long as obli- 
gations of the levee board are unpaid; Impairs obligation of 
- contracts. Forsdick «. Board of levee commissioners, 26So. 637. 
1834 Property deeded to county at delinquent tax sale may be sold 
without newspaper publication when assessed value Is less than 
S500 [formerly JlOO). K«t. 57, 11 Mr 

1335 When lands have been bought by city for unpaid ' taxes and 

where taxes are worth more than lands, city may effect com- 
promise settlement with former owners. Amending '86, 112. 

H. J. IBS, 24 Mr 

1336 Lands bid In (or state or county for delinquent taxes may be sold 

at public or private sale as county commissioners may direct. 
H". D. 139, 2 Mr 

1387 Cities, villages and towns may buy tax sale certificates of county; 
limitation. S. D. 48, 6 Mr 

1S88 Real estate not sold for deUnquent taxes shall be bought by 
county treasurer and placed on separate tax roll; private sale 
allowed for full amount of taxes and costs; two years to 
redeem. Wy. 66, 20 F 

' Digi-.,zeclbyCl>t")^lc 



1389 Bed«mptioii. Redemption of real property sold for taxes - 
amended ('04 ch. 4 S6). Col. 130. 28 Ap 

1340 Misdemeanor for clerk of circuit court to negiect duties as to 

redemption of land sold for taxes. Amending 95 eh. 1 S57. 

Fla. 3, 20 M7 

1341 Who may redeem real estate sold at tax sale. Qa. p. 85, 20 D '98 

1342 Warrant for excess above taxes to be drawn on surrender of eer- 

tifteate of sole; or on affidaiHt that certificate is lost; bond required 
wften amount eicceeds $5. Amending G. S. 11605. 

Uiim. 208, 14 Ap 

1343 Penalty on redeeming land to be 6% of amount paid bv purcKaeer 

[formerly of original taxes]. Amending '97 eh. 126 §82. 

K. B. 136, 24 F 

1344 Lands sold for texes due citlee and towns may be redeemed In 

two years; purcbaaer at foreclosure not to bave poeeession for 
two years. Tex. 40, 20 Mr 

1345 Land sold for city taxes may be redeemed In three years, wltb 

Interest at 15%. . Wla. 94, 30 Mr 

Special forms of taxation 

(See (HM Boafl taieB, 3290; Liquor llcenaea, B3; reddlera, 4301) 

1346 Foil taxes. Collectors to retain fee for collecting. Aii. 7, 13 F 

1347 Abolishing poll tax. Amending R. S. '03 cb. 10 §10. 

Del. 185, 23 Mr 

1348 Tax collector to make monthly report of poll taxes paid. 

rift. 5. 2 Je 

1348 Cities may levy a poll tax of $1 [formerly 50c]. Amending Ann. 

S. '97 g3156. Ind. 224, 6 Mr 

1350 Poll tax from $1 to $S. Amending R. S. ch. 6 Bl. Mo. 57. 10 Mr 

1351 Poll tax of ?1 a year to be levied; proceeds for schools. 

S. C. 90, 6 Mr 

1352 Cities and towns may levy. B. D. 119. 6 P 

1353 Cities may levy poll tax of $1.50. Amending R. S. '98 subdiv. 136 

£925. Wlfl. 211, 19 Ap 

1354 Inlierltance taxes. Inheritance tax on bequest to Urolher, sister, 

niece or nephew. Amending '97, 83. Cal, 85. 14 Mr 

1358 10% Inheritance tax to be paid on property received by foreign 
heirs, for benefit o( charity hospital in New Orleans. La. 130, 
'94. Vnconatitutional. Act la one concerning revenue and 
should have originated in house; originated in senate. Succes- 
sion of GivaiiOYlch, 24 So. 879. 



1368 Tax of 1% OQ Inheritances and glfM of personal property over 

?50CN) to near relatives; 5% Ofl all property over $500 to others. 

MlclL 188, 2 My 

1357 Collateral Inheritances taxed 5%; proceeds for support of state 

uDlversitf and for public educational purposes. 

Ho. p. 328, 19 Ap 

1358 Establishing direct inheritance tax (besides . collateral) of 2% mi 

personal property above $5000; collection, etc. Pa. 47, ■07. 
VneoHStitutional. Exemption of $5000 violates provision that 
all taxes shall be uniform on same class of subjecls. In re 
Cope's estate, 43 A. 79. 
. 1359 Taxing gifts and inlierltancea of personal property over 510,000 
5%; Immediate relatives 1%. WU, 355, 4 My 

1380 Minor amendment to '97 ch. 293 S16 relating to probate Judge's 
reports of Inheritances. Minn. 201, 18 Ap . 

1361 Amending appointment of appraisers by surrogate for property 

subject to Inheritance tax ('97 ch. 284 §230). K. T. 76, 14 Mr 

1362 Authorizing the appointment by surrogate of special guardians 

of infants Interested in transfer tax proceedings. Amending 
*97 ch. 284 1232. N. T. 672, 25 My 

1863 Limitation of time of enforcing a civil remedy not to apply to 
action to enforce collection of tax on transfers. Amending 
'96, 908. N. T. 737. 26 My 

1364 Incorpomtioii fees and taxes. (S«« also CorporationB, 680) AnSend- 
Ing organization tax of joint-stock corporations. 

Ct. 227. 20 Je 

1366 Minor amendments to '95 p. 132 regulating fees for incorporation 

and for Increase of capital stock. XII. p. 117, 24 Ap 

1368 Amending fees for filing of certificates of Incorporation. 

If. K. 77. 16 Mr 

1367 Bonus to be paid state on capital stock of new corporations and 

increase of capital of old corporations; exceptions. 

Pb. 120, 3 My 

1368 Incorporation fee of 510 to $500 established; charitable, educa- 

tional and religious corporations exempt when under general 
law; fee 510 when by special act Vt. 19, 20 N '9S 

1368 Corporation taxes— general. Telegraph, electric light, express, 
gas, sleeping car. Insurance, etc. companies hereafter incor- 
porated shall pay annual gross receipts tax; exceptions; report 
to state treasurer; charter void if two years taxes are unpaid; 
retaliatory taxation. Del. 166, 10 Mr 

1370 Water power companies may elect to pay 1% tax on capital stock 
In lieu of real estate general taxes. Amending G. L. g6T97, 
6802. mch. 231, 9 Je 




18.71 Franchises Id streets to be considered " real estate " for purposes 
of taxation; value of franchise to Include value of all tangible- 
property In any street or public place and to be determined 
annually by state board of tax commissioners; other real estate 
to be assessed as formerly by the local assessors; all speciaL 
taxes paid by companies to communities to be deducted from 
the franchise tax. Amending '96, 906. N. T. 712. 26 My 

1S7S Electric railway, light or power companies are of first or second 
class as their gross annual receipts are over or under S500,00<^ 
[formerly $800,000]; first class license fee 4% [formerly varying 
from 3% to 4%] second class 2% [formerly 1%% to 21^%]; vary- 
ing apportionment of fees to county, state and municipalities; 
power OOTHjHMtieg not connected vsith »treet railways exempt from 
fees but subject to general taa laws. Amending R. S. '98 S1222. 

Wis. 354, 4 My 

1373 Foreign corporations taxed ?100 for privilege of doing business; 
Insurance company's payriient of fees to be credited as part 

Teun. 431, 24 Ap- 

1874 Minor amendment to Code '96 83911 relating to taxation of shares 
of corporation stock. Ala. p. 46, 21 F 

1S7B Banks, insurance companies, turnpike companies etc, to have lien 
'on stock of nonresident stockholder for payment of taxes on 
stock [formerly lies to the extent of 1%]. Amending G. K '8S 
13917. Ct. 178, 14 J& 

1376 Manner of listing property of companies, other than railroad. 

Insurance, telegraph and banking companies, for taxation. 
Hinn. Statutes Sl!i30, '91. Void, as to provision for deducting 
Indebtedness of company from value of its stock; results In 
Inequality of taxation. State v. Duluth 'gas and water co. 
■ 78 N. W. 1032. 

1377 Limitation of time of enforcing civil remedy not to apply to 

action to enforce collection of tax on corporations Amending 
'96, 908. H". T. 737, 28 My 

1378 Waterworks, electric light and gas plants and franchises subject to 

reassessment when collection of tax has been Judicially pre- 
vented. Amending R. S. '88 S1087. Wis. 351. 4 My 
1879 Banking -Institutions. All corporation property except that of 
national banks espempt by federal law shall be taxed; national 
bank stock taxed to holder, with same deductions as to holders 
of solvent credits; deduct proportionate value of bank's real 
estate and exempt property; same rate as other capital; asses- 
sor's notice to bank only; bank liable for tax when stockholder 
has no real estate. Amending P. C. 83608. Cal. 80, 14 Mr 




1380 License on bankers, etc. doing business of $200,000 to $250,000 

a quarter repealed. Amending R. S. '87 |1C45. '97 p. 9 re- 
enacted to correct illegalitp in passage. Id. p. 292, IC F 

1381 Foreign banks to pay tax of %% on business in' state; report to 

bank' examiner. Me. 123, 17 Mr 

1382 Bank's investment in real estate [formerly assessed valuation 

thereof] to be deducted from aggregate amount of capital, aur- 
pluB and nndivided profits; remainder to be basis for tasatlon. 
Amending '97 ch. 12ti §26. N. D. 29, 6 Mr 

1383 Exempting from taxation certain notes and mortgages of building 

and loan associations. Okl. 6, 24 F 

1384 Insurance companies. State tax of 2% on gross premiums of 

companies ofber than life. HI. p. 265, 19 Ap 

1385 Companies of other states shall pay a 2% tax on business done 

In state; those of foreign countries 4%. Kan. 25, 3 Ja 

1386 ' Contracts for insurance of property made wltb companies not 

authorized' to do business in state are to be taxed; three fifths 
to go to state Insurance department, two fifths to city fire de- 
■ partment, Kan. 240, 3 Mr 

1387' In computing for taxation gross amount of premiums of foreign 
fire Insurance companies; return premiums on canceled policies 
may be deducted, if slmliar provision in state where company 
is organized; reinsurance, premiums not to be deducted. 
Amending C. L. S7257. Mich. 118, 15 Je 

1388 Annual license for casualty and surety companies $20. Amend- 

ing '81 ch. 37 514. Nev. 92, 14 Mr 

1389 Foreign /ire and marine insurance companies to pay 2% [formerly 

1%] tax on gross premiums less return prcmiitms and reinsur- 
ance; $2000 of this tax to be set aside for relief of firemen. 
Amending P. S. '91 ch, 1G9 514. N. H. 64. 10 Mr 

1390 Tax of 2% on premiums of all insurance companies [formerly 3X 

outside United States] due March 1; penalty for delinquency 523 
[formerly $100] a day. Amending '97, 55. Waah. 145. 15 Mr 

1361 Owner who Insures with unlicensed company or with licensed com- 
pany but through agents not resident in his eity, town or village 
and not JMving filed liond to pay 2X oj collected premiums sliali be 
llatile to city etc. for such percentage. Amending K. S. '98 
11926. Wis. 32, 21 Mr 

138S Life insurance companies except fraternal orders to pay license 
fees; if organized in state and not purely assessment IX of gross 
income, outside slate IX of all premiums; alt others $300 a year; 
[formerly all paid 5300 and 2% of cash premiums]. Amending 
R. S. '98 S1220. Wis. 326. 1 My 



1393 In addition to preeent taxes, insurance companleB, except fratar- 

nal organlzatlonB, must pay 2% of premtumB on lapsed polldea; 
report of all premluiuB and lapsed glides. Wy. 60, 18 F 

1394 Transportation and communication corporaUons. Value of 

railroad property to be aecertained by railroad eommlsaionera 
on first Monday fn June [formerly August]; property to be 
aaaessed first Monday in May [formerly July]; companies to 
report miles of track first Monday in May [formerly Julyl 
biennially. Amending Digest 'M g6465-fi7. Ark. 139. 4 My 
1396 Amending G. L. '68 ^3031 regulating manner of determining 
market value of railroad stocks for taxation. Ct. 171, 9 Je 

1396 Spurs and side tracks not returned by company for taxation to b« 

assessed. Fla. 4, 3 J* 

1397 , Creating state board oC assessors; to tax railroad, express, tele- 

graph and telephone companies at average rates of state, 
county and municipal taxes; francbises to be considered; com- 
panies to report stocl<. property and gross receipts; tax to tie 
applied to Interest on educational funds and interest and prin- 
cipal of state debt; board to give entire time; salary $2500. 

Mich. 19,' 15 Mr 

1398 Telegraph and telephone lines to be taxed at cash value at rate- 

equal to average of general, municipal and local taxes In the 
state, in lieu of ail other taxes. 3Cich. 168, '81. Onconstitu- 
tional. Not within uniform rule of taxation prescribed for 
other property. Pingree v. Auditor geberal, 78 N. W. 1025. 

1399 Express, telegraph and telephone companies taxed 3% of gross 

receipts, In lieu of all other except tax on real estate not occu- 
pied In exercise of franchise; lien to state on property and 
stock. mch. 179, 23 Je 

1400 Express companies falling to apply for license shall forfeit $50; 

taxes due Septemher 1 [formerly May 1]. Amending '93. 235; '95, 
49. Ue. 109, 17 Mr 

1401 Minor amendment to '97 ch. 160 E5 as to taxation of freight and 

equipment companies. Minn. 135, 7 Ap- 

1402 State tax on express companies 5% [formerly 3%] of gross 

receipts. Amending '97 ch. 309 SB. Minn. 317, 20 Ap 

1403 Taxation of bridges amended (R. S. '89 £7755). Mo. p. 327. 19 Je 

1404 State tax of 2% on value of cars not belonging to ralli'oad com- 

panies; mode of assessment Mo. p. 246, '95. Unfvngtitutional. 
Imposes a property tax in excess of constitutional limit. State 
t>. Stephens, 146 Mo. 662. 
1406 Submitting amendment to constitution providing for assessment 
by state board of equalization of franchises and property of all 
companies carrying persons, property or messages. Vote 
Xovember 1900. H. D. p. 261 



1406 Tax of 8 mills on gross receipts of express buslDess io addltloa to 

present tas on capital stock; minor amendment to cxamiaa- 
tlon o( books of corporations to verify returns for taxation. 
•79 ch. 122 il2. Pa. 66. 38 Ap 

1407 Bounty received by state from foreign railway corporations, to be 

paid to countlea through which lines run; procedure. 

Pa. 17C, 11 My 

1408 Taxing express, sleeping car, freight line and equipment com- 

panies; assessments to be made by state board; annual reports 
from companies. Wis. 111-14, 31 Mr 

Amended. Wis. 149, 10 Ap; 277, 27 Ap 

1400 Repealing R. S. '98 S1042a relating to taxation of water craft. 

Wis. 303, 1 My 

1410 Assessors to report to railroad commissioner names of steam and 

electric roads; roads to report earnings March 10 [formerly 
February 10] ; license to operate if statement approved by com- ■ 
misgioner. Amending R. S. '98 SIOIO, 1211-12. 

Wis. 308. 1 My 

1411 BuslnMB taxM. Generally amending revenue law as to license 

taxes on industries and occupations. Ala, p. 164, 23 F 

1412 Tax on gross incomes of gas and electric light companies and 

cotton piclierles abollebed. Amending Code '06 S3912. 

Ala. p. 50, 8 P 

1413 Repealing R. S. '87 11649 for licensing merchants and beepers of 

livery stables. '95 p. 6 reenacted to correct iltegality in passage. 

Id. p. 231. 14 F 

1414 License required for merry-go-rounds or steam riding galleries. 

He. 59, 11 Mr 

1415 Annual tax of $2 and 1 mill on gross receipts of retail dealers 

In merchandise; iS and H mill on wholesale dealers; 2^ mills 
on exchange and board of trade dealers; appointment of mer- 
cantile appraisers In counties and cities. Pa, 118, 2 My 

1416 Revision of law as to taxes on occupations and business. 43p. 

Twm. 2432, 24 Ap 

1417 Trading stamp companies to pay $500 privilege tax in each. 

county; firms using $250. Amending 'OT. 2. 

Tenn. 27, 3 Mr; 207, 7 Ap 

1418 Repealing '97 ch. 18 subdiv. 14 (special) Imposing occupation 

tax on physicians, veterinarians and medical specialists. 

Tex. 180. 5 Je 

1410 Licenses on distilleries and breweries to be coextensive with the 

state. Amending C. '91 ch. 32 fi54. W. Va. 40. 24 F 



Local finance" 

. 1420 School tax not to exceed 2 l-2°i [formerly 21] for eilucational pur- 
poses and 21-2% [formerly 3X] for buildings; other amend- 
ments to '98 p. 64 regulating tax levy. 

III. p. 350; 12 Ap; p. 350, 21 Ap 
' 1421 Limiting taxation in unorganized regions and reservations. 

. Okl. 28, art.2, 10 Mr 
1422 , Referring to next legislature constitutional amendment authoriz- 
ing legislature to limit taxation In counties and towns. Not 
repassed by legislature of 1899. Wis. j. r. 17, '97 

1423 County. Limiting amount of tax levies for county purposes; 

counties classified for purposes of this act. Col. 133, 8 Ap 

1424 Amending '07 cb. 9S f5 as to amount of taxes, expenditures and 

county warrants In newly organized counties. 

Minn. 104, 29 Mr 
1426 Amending taxes which may be levied by counties ('93 p. 219). 

Mo. p. 326, 3 My 

1426 County commissioners may levy for county purposes tax of $2 

[formerly $1.50] on each $100 in certain counties. Amending 
•m. 24. Nev. 21. 4 Mr 

1427 City. Submitting constitutional amendment to ratify special 

tax for public improvements voted hy New Orleans June G, 
1899. Tote April 1900. La. 4, 18 Ag 

1428 Amending tax levy for the various funds In cities of 2500; other 

regulations. Amending "97 oh. 6 art. 5. Okl. 8 art. 1, 10 Mr 

1429 Total city tax not to exceed3i-2% [formerly 3%] of assessed valu- 
■ atlon. Amending R.S.'OS S325 subdiv. 142a. Wis. 262, 26 Ap 

1480 Villages. Villages incorporated under special acts may levy 
taxes under general laws. Minn. 224, 14 Ap 

Debts. Bonds ' 

1431 Authorization. Limit. Any precinct, township, city of 1000 to 

25,000, or village may issue bonds, the rate of interest not to 
exceed 6% [formerly 8%]; other amendments to C. S. '97 §3518- . 
20. Neb. ■«, 24 Mr 

1432 Towns and villages incorporated under C. L. '97 S2476-Q2 may 

issue bonds to $40,000 for waterworks, sewers and streat im- 
provement. N. M. 78, 16 Ml- 

elo. for epecJ^ municipal purposea-iScbooLB, ILbrarlee, LlghtB, AtrcetH, etc- are clasHlfled under ttwMe 
heads. They Are however a1w> fFiffexed under Tnxes, etc. HIsct^llaneouB provlHlous a» id nsBeBunflul 

larlf Special OBBeflHUieut, 308C ; School flaance, 330. 



1433 Submitting coostitutloDal ameadmeut limiting county, municipal 

and school district debt to 5% of valuation. Vote June 1900. 

Or. p. 143, 18 P 

1434 Indebtedness hereafter created by any civil division in excess of 

constitutional limitation void; officers contracting indebtedness 
personally liable. Wy. 89, 21 P 

1435 Sinking fund. Bedemptioii. County and city treasurers to 

annually report to controller of public accounts condition of In- 
terest and sinking fund. Tex. 35, 15 Mr 

1436 Hlscellaneous regulattona. General regulations under wlilch 

municipal coupon bonds may be Issued. '90-91 p. 53; '95 p. 70 
reenacted to correct illegality in passage. Id. 20, 2 F 

1437 Municipal corporations, parlsbes and drainage districts, ■ New 

Orleans excepted, may, on petition of one third of tbe property 
taxpayers in number and amount, submit proposition to issue 
bonds; regulations of the election; sinking fund. La. 5, 18 Ag 

1438 Bonds of any coimty, city, township, etc. to draw not more than 

e% [formerly 7%] Interest. Amending C. S. '97 S3504. 

(Neb. 48, 22 Mr 

1439 Unlawful for commissioners* courts or city councils to issue 

bonds without submitting question to property taxpayers. 

Tex. 07, 12 Ap; 149, 26 My 

1440 Funding. Refunding. Towns and cities may refund bonded 

debts. ria. 51, 11 My 

1441 Amending R, S, '89 $836-37; '97 p. 39 relating to funding of coun- 

ties, cities, etc. Mo. p. 48, 9 My 

1442 Council of city of the second class, trustees of any village and 

any county board may refund bonded indebtedness; notice; * 
appeal; Interest. Neb. 8, 24 Mr 

1443 Incorporated cities, towns, townships, villages and boroughs may 

Issue bonds to fund their floating Indebtedness and maturing 
bonds. N. T. 110, 23 Mr 

1444 Providing for refunding of indebtedness of counties and muni- 

cipalities. N. M. 58, 16 Mr 

1445 Amending the refuudlng of bonded Indebtedness by counties, 

cities of less than 100,000, boroughs and school districts ('81 
ch. 10 SI, 2. Pa. 2, 1 Mr 

1446 CountifS, cities, towns, townships and other municipalities may 

issue bonds to refund or pay bonded Ipdcbtedness; other 
amendments. Amending '97, 232. S. C. 43, 3 Mr 

1447 Temporary. Cities, towns, townships, boroughs and villages may 

borrow money In anticipation of collections of taxes; restric- 
tion. N. J. 21, 13 Mr 




1448 County. Generally amending '95, 67 for refunding county In- 

debtednesH. Cql. DO, 18 Ap 

1449 May issue bonds in satisfaction of Judgments rendered, If no 
, funds are In treasury; election; regulations. Col. 97, 3 My 

1460 County commissioners may Issue negotiable coupon l>onds for 

funding or reducing interest on county Indebtedness; vote of 
electors required for certain l>ond Issues; regulations; special 
election. Amending R. S. ■8'7 S3602-7. '95 p. 56 reeiiaeted (o 
correct ^legality in passage. Id. p. 136, 7 F 

1461 May bond present debts. . Kiim. 259, 18 Ap 
1452 Minor amendment to P. C '95 S4241 relating to execution of 

county bonds; ^ac-slmile of signatures maybe affixed to coupons. 
Hon. p. 133, 22 F 

1463 Minor amendment to C. S. '97 1676 relating to registration of 

county bonds with state auditor. Neb. 7, 30 Ur 

1464 Providing for refunding of indebtedness of counties. 

N. M. 58, 16 Mr 

1465 Bonds for refunding county debts are to run from fiix [formerly 

10] to iO years; otjier amendments to '93 ch. 51 Sl- 

S. D. 55, 6 Mr 

1466 Constitutional amendment permitting counties to refund indebted- 

ness outstanding January 1, JS99, tbough created In excess 
of constitHtloaal limitation. Vote November 1900. 

Wy. J. r. 176, 16 F 

1467 Citlee. Towns. Cities under 100,000 may refund Indebtedness by 

serial bonds; conditions. Cal. 82, '97. Partly void. |4 is un- 
constitutional in bo far as It attempts to repeal '93, 48; defec- 
tive title. City of Los Angeles v. Hance, 122 Cal: 77. 

1458 Cities over 60,000 may Issue bonds to pay existing floating debts. 

Utun. 60, 10 Mr 

1459 Sllgbtl; amending '95 cb. S S12e as to limitations on Indebtedness 

of cities. Minn. 319. 20 Ap 

1460 Cities of 50,000 may Issue certificates of indebtedness in anticipa- 

tion of taxes for any funds named In estimate. 

Minn. 327, 20 Ap 

1461 Minor amendments to '98 cb. 87 SI relating to sinking fund com- 

mission in cities. H. J. 19, 9 Mr 

1462 Cities of first class may issue bonds for opening streets, building 

waterworks, sewers, etc.; penalty for misappropriation of 
funds. IT. H. 68, 16 Mr 

1463 Submitting constitutional amendment: when city Includes more 

than one county, debt of the counties not to be reckoned as city 
debt In determining limit of city indebtedness. Adopted Xovem- 
ber 1899. N. Y. p. 1601, 22 Ap 




1464 cities and towns may [formerly sball] Issue bonds for water- 

works, electric llgbts, aewerage and -gas. Amending '97, 320. 
S. C. 33. 3 Mr 

1465 Gltlee and towns of .45,000 before contracting debt be;ond Income 

for current year, except for l^ht, water and sewerage, must 
declare their intention by two-thirds vote In council; must 
affirm this declaration by two-tblrds vote of electors and must 
submit the proposition to legislature for approval. 

S. O. 35, 15 F 

1466 City councils may Issue bonds to refund debt; regulations. 

S. D. 51, 16 F • 

1467 Treasurer of cities of 150,000 may receive in advance taxes not 

exceeding probable amount to be collected, Issuing negotiable 
receipts payable January 15 with Interest at current rate. 

Wis. 252, 26 Ap 
14flS Villnges. Villages having present unbonded debt of over $3000 
may Issue bonds to pay same. Klnn. 223, 14 Ap 

1460 Villages may renew matured and maturing bonds. 

If. J. 113, 23 Mr 

1470 Townships. Town boards may Issue 5% 20 year bonds to pay 

Judgments of over flOOO on the town. Amending 'DO ch. 569 
art. 7. M". T. 57, 8 Mr 

HtBoellaneotis — audit, acoDout, etc. 

1471 OAnMra]. County, town, city and school orders and warrants t» 

bear Interest at 6% [formerly 8%]; exception. Amending '89 
p. 206 H- Col. 107, 22 Mr 

1472 Treasurer of county, city, town or school district falling to call 

warrants promptly Is guilty of misdemeanor. Col. 156, 4 Ap 

1473 Receipt of county and city warrants In payment of taxes 

amended (R. S. '89 E3205). Ho. p. 141, 24 My 

1474 Derignating the funds Into which moneys recovered from for- 

feitures on penal bonds and taxes delinquent prior to 1896, 

shaU be paid. JS. U. 13,. 16 F 

1476 Limiting the deposit of public funds In banks. Repealiog '89 

169. Ct. 213. 20 Je 

1476 Connt7 — appropriations, expenditures. Commissioners of 

counties of 200.000 to Itemize tax levy showing pui^ioses and 

amounts; treasurer shall apportion to several funds; emergency 

fund; misdemeanor to vote expense In excess of fund set aside. 

Minn. 31. 27 F 

1477 Minor amendment to G. S. S200S relating to apportionment of 

county revenues. ~ Km. 29, 6 Mr 

1478 County— audit of cUims, accoants. Counties to furnish free 

blank statements and affidavits for all claims against county; 
no fee to auditor for swearing. Ind. 114, 27 F 






County auditors to pnblisb in newspaper a statement of all allow- 
'ances made by circuit, superior and Criminal court judges and 
boards of county commissioners. Ind. 186, 4 Mr 

Amending time of filing claims against county ('97 cli.l2 artS {2). 
Okl. 11 art. 3, 10 Mr 
No person Indebted to county Cor cosfs, fines, taxes etc. shall be 
entitled to witness fees, road damages etc. Pft. 80, 28 Ap 

Wlien claim disallowed by county boai-d is appealed to circuit 
court, proceedings to be bad ns in actions brought fformeriy 
court to try issue]. Amending R. S. '9S ^685. Wia. 351, 4 My 
County commissioners of accounts sliall compare canceled county 
and scbool warrants with statements of collecting officers, malie 
Itemiaed report and burn. Ark. 118, 14 Ap 

Auditor and treasurer of county to publish in newspaper a sum- 
mary of their quarterly financial statement. Amending B S. '87 
§2010. '95 p. 13 reenacted to correct illegality in passage. 

Id. p. 233' 14 F 
m mended (B.S. '89 S3187-SS). 

Ko. p. 140, 10 My 
of abstract of expeudl- 
Pf R Mo. p. 158,"G My 

g m g ven to tax collector by 

fC 96 ch. 908 S88). . 

N. T. 321, 17 Ap 
m wo] copy of liis monthly 

r and o 

J to c 


60 V. 73, 9, Mr 

slMicing names Of payee* 

li failing to prepare same 

$ ] ; every member of county 

00; prosecuting attorney to 

3J §35. W. Va. 52, 24 F 

mending '95, 3 establlsii- 

8. ria. 11, 3 Je 

t expense fund. Amend- 

Id. p. 367, 14 Mr 

xes shall become part of 

county commissioners may 

N. B. 4, 24 P 

lonal baniis or safe deposit 

ng P. S. ch. 23 §18. 

Hass. 108, 28 F 
olnlng counties In certain 
6; R. S. '89 S3216. 

Uo. p. 135, 23 My 




1486 Deposit not to exceed capital of bank &ccept in counties where 
couftty depositg exceed the capital of all Ixmki of county. Amend- 
ing R. C. '95 61943. H". D. 63, 9 Mr 

1496 CountT — wamkuts. Begulating the issuing of count; warrants. 

Amending R. S. '87 |2009. Id. p. 397, 28 F 

1497 Treasurer to post notice of warrant* payable on pi-esentation. 

la. p. 434, 2 Mr 

1498 Repealing '93 p. 131 authorizing county courts to pay warrants In 

certain cases. Mo. p. 142, 16 My 

1499 Warrants not paid for want of funds shall draw Interest at ez 

[formerly 7%]. Amending P. C. '95 14250, 4353. 

Kon. p. 99, 20 F 

1500 Cities. Townfi. Residue after completion of specific Improve- 

mentB in- cities and towns to be paid to general funds. 

Cal. 91, 16 Mr 

1501 Unlawful for board of town trustees or city council to allow 

claims except at regular or special session, after claim, 
itemized and verified, has been five days on file on claim docket; 
clerks authorized to administer oatbs; act Inapplicable to cities 
of over 35,000. Ind. 59, 22 F 

1505 In citUx of under 20,000 unpaid city orders draw such Interest 

^formerly legal rate] as council may direct, not over 6%. 

Ind. 64, 22 F 

1603 After notice that part of money due from city is payable on ap- 
plication. Interest not to run on such part; creditor's right to 
larger sum not affected. Haas. 394, 23 My 

1504 Contents of annual financial statement of cities slightly amended 
(R. S. '98 §231). TJ. 20, 7 Mr 

1506 Mayor of certain cities of 3000 to 30,000 may veto any Item of 

general appropriation bill. Amending R. S. '89 §1537. 

Mo. p. 83. 17 My 
1606 No action maintainable on any claim of anv kind 'whatsoever unless 
presented' to city council and disallowed. Amending R. S. '98 
§925 subdiv.58. Wis. 127, 8 Ap ' 

1507 Cities of 150,000 may borrow from any fund lor benefit of any- 

other. Wis. 256, 26 Ap 

1608 Townships. After notice that part of money due from town Is 

payable on application, interest not to run on such part; credi- 
tor's right to larger sum not affected. Mass. 394, 23 Wy 

1609 Funds held by town in trust may be Invested In United States 

bonds or municipal bonds in which savings Institutions and 
trust companies may Invest, or may be deposited In savings 
banks. Amending Vt S. S3035. Vt 54, 25 O '98 


Property and contract rights ■ 


IBIO Claim against towD may be allowed in part without prejudice to 
claimant's rlglite as to part disallowed. Amending R. S. '98 
g823. Wis. 85, 30 Mr 

IBll Town meetings to vote whether town orders shall bear interest; 
rate to be written in order; not less than eX nor over 8%. 
Amending R. S. '98 |776, S23. Wis. 325. 2 My 

ISIS Repaaling R. S. '98 £1108-8 allowing towns to extend time of 
tax warrants. Wis, 336, 3 My 

Property and contract rights 

(For all laws relating to BCtioaa at law conceralDg Bucb rtghta, «M Civil procedure, 211J) 

Possession and transfer 

(ProvlBlODB relate chlefl; (o real property. Bee alto Aileaa, E4D) 

Owii«rohlp. Title. Boundaries 

1513 Titles. Penalty for making false abstract Ala. p. 19. 15 F 

1614 Abstracters to register with probate Judge and give bond. '97 

p. 92 reenacted to correct Ulegalitv in passage. Id. p. 314, 18 F 

Amended. Id. p. 456. 14 Mr 

1516 Abstracters to give bond, and receive certiBcate; charges fixed. 

Okl. 1, 10 Mr 

1616 Titles to real property vested in one who has bad open, adverse 

and undisputed possession for 10 years and has paid all taxes 

are valid. N. D. 158, 8 Mr 

1517 No title to public grounds acquired by occupancy. 

Hinn. 65, 18 Mr 

IfilS Public right of way not used for six years to be deemed aban- 
doned. Amending '90 ch. 568 |99. N. T. 622, 18 My 

1B19 Title to real estate held for public purposes can not be acquired 
by adverse possession. ' U. 38, El Mr 

1B80 Irregularity in proceedings relating to estate of deceased not to 
avoid sale of land made and confirmed more than 30 years 
before action begun. Wis. 185, 14 Ap 

1621 Legal title of property which escheats to state shall be 1^ state 

from time of escheat; prosecuting attorney to sue for recovery. 

Wy. 85. 21 P 

1S22 Boundaary lines. Plats. Cost of reestablishing lines shall be 
taxed against land of person requesting, mch. 248, 15 Je 

1623 Minor amendments to G. S. S697 relating to reestablishment of 

section posts. TW<nn 126, 3 Ap 

1624 Plats of additions to villages and cities under 10,000 not to be 

recorded till accepted by council. TITI"". 168, 11 Ap 


Frop«rt7 and contract tighia 


1625 Minor amendment to '95 ch,105 S15 relating to party walls In 
cities of 100,000 to 1,000,000. Pa. 72, 5S Ap 

1526 UiscellaneonB. Taxpayers on uolmproved lands declared in 
possession when tbey have paid taxes for seven years. 

Ark. 66, 18 Mr 

1B27 Wben deed to part of town site is lost and record can not be 

found mayor may grant deed to occupaut; adverse claims to be 

first settled In courts. Amending B. S. 'ST £2214. '91 p. 301 

reenaded to eorreft illegality in pagsage. Id. p. 141, 7 E* 

152S Amending C. C. P. '95 5592 as to property beld in joint tenancy.' 

Hon. p. 134, 28 F 

1529 An unpublished, undedlcated or eopyrlgbted dramatic or musical 

composition not to be used for profit withont consent of owner. 

N. T. 475. 2 My 

Acquisition. Ooaveyances. IBee also Uortgagea, IfiSO: Propertr ol nurrled 

1G30 Acknowledgments. Acknowledgments may be taken in Indian 
■ territoru or United States possessions or dependencUg before any 
court having seal or conwnisswner appointed by governor. Amend- 
ing Digest '94 1708. Ark. 150, 8 My 
1531 Legalizing instruments affecting land titles without seals or 
witnesses. Uinn. 76, 20 Mr 
1832 Execution of deeds and conveyances amended (R. S. '89 S2401). 

Mo. p. 114, 11 My 

1533 Minor amendment to contents of certificates of acknowledgment 

(R. S. '89 S2408). Mo. p. 114, 29 My 

1534 Act respecting conveyances amended as to form of deed and 

meaning of various terms ('98, 232). N. J. 208, 24 Mr 

1586 Relating to probate of deeds and other Instruments; proof of 
acknowledgments; examination of married women as to free 
assent; forms. Amending certain sections of Oode, 

M". C. 235, 23 F 

1536 Party to Insttument not to take acknowledgment thereto. 

N. D. 2, 6 Mr 

1637 Providing form of acknowledgment of instruments of corpor- 
ations. Twm. 187, 27 Mr 

1538 'Curing defective acknowledgmenta of deeds of trust. Va. 542, 
'93-94. Fftid in so far as it attempts to displace judgment 
creditors' lien; impairs obligation of contracts. Merchants' 
bank v. Ballon, 32 S. E. 481. 

1535 Foreign deeds defective In certificate legalized if otherwise con- 

forming to law. Wy. 8, 7 F 

1540 Becordin^ offlceirs. Term of commissioners of deeds four yeara 

[formerly govemor'a pleasure]. 71a. 96, 24 My 


FropertT and contract rights 


1541 Register of deeds to Index -icithiit 2i Jtoun oameB of partleB to in- 
strument recorded. Amending Code E3664. N. C. &01. 6 Mr 

1642 Salary of registers of deeds from S500 [formerl? $1000] to $2000 

according to assessed Taluatlon. 'Amending R. C. '05 E2075. 

N. B. 132, 6 Mr 

1643 Certificate of appointment of commlasioner of deeds amended 

('98 ch. 583 §1). N. T. 112, 21 Mr 

1644 Fixing fees of recorders of conveyances. Amending '95 p. 77. 

Or. p. 140,-18 P: p. 151, 18 F 
1B4B Fees of recorder of deeds in counties of 500,000 amended ^'79, 3). 

Pft. 55, 19 Ap , 
154d Amending '71, 41 as to registers' fees; certificate of busband aad 
wife to be registered as one. Tenn. 184, 23 Mr 

. IB47 County registers to bave records rebound or copied wben neces- 
sary. Tenn. 272, 22 Ap 

1548 JUcord of conveyance. (See also County »na township government 

records, offlcera, taes. etc. £733) Selectmen may make general index 

of land records. Ct, 137, 31 My 

1&49 Deeds and Instruments of title to railroad lauds to be recorded 

In proper counties on application of county commissioners; 

secretary of state to furnish copies. Uinn. 255, 18 Ap 

IBSO Amending Code S3654. as to registration of deed to real estate 

situated In two or more counties. 3X. 0. 302," 28 F 

1651 Unrecorded Instrument valid between parties tbereto and those 

having notice; iut knowledge Of record of an instrument out of 
the chain of title does not constitute suck natice. Amending R. C. 
'85 S3598. ■ N. D. 167, 24 F 

1652 Certain limitations In the recording of sale of building lots re- 

moved. Amending '95, 92. < Pa. 101, 28 Ap 

1663 Conveyances of real estate in counties of 500,000 to tie registered 

with the county commissioners before being recorded. 

Pa. 110, 2 My 

1664 Judgments or orders In controversy as toland titles or operating 

to pass title may be recorded by register of deeds. Amending 
R. S. '88 8223S. ' Wis. 351, .4 My 

1666 Tarreas system. Govei-nor to appoint a commission of five to 
consider Torrens system of land transfers and report to next 
legislature. Mon. p. 159, 22 P 

1656 Generally amending '98, 562 as to registration of land titles. 

Uase. 131, S Mr 

1057 Only market value of real estate at time of loss [formerly last 
payment to assurance fund] recoverable under land registra- 
tion act Amending '98 ch. 562 jl02. Haas. 125, 4 Mr 


Fropertf and contract rlgbts 


1BS8 UIscellEineous. Unlawful to sell patent right, in whole or part, 
^or right to manufacture, vse or tell patented article without first 
filing letters patent In county clerk's office. Amending R. S. 
•94 S8J30-32. Ind. 81, 24 F 

1559 Whoever covenants that realty is Tree from encumbrances shall 

be liable for all damages sustained In remoTlng any eacum- 
brance appearing of record, whether known or unknown to . 

him. Amending H. C. '95 13549. N. D. 89. 21 P 

1560 Removing from Indians all existing disabilities relating to aliena- 

tion of real estate. Wash. 96. 13 Mr 

1561 When holder of contract for conveyance of lands dies entitled 

to deed, or widow or heir makes full payment, vendor sball 
make deed In name of deceased as grantee and deliver to widow 
or heir; title passes to beir, subject to rigbts of widow, with 
same interest as if deeded prior to deatb. Wis. 6, 3 Mr 

1562 Repealing Code S1333 prohibiting the buying and selling of pre- 

tended titles or rights. M". C. 42. 3 P 

1583 Claimants of lands, though not in possession, may conrey their 

Interest S. B. 109, 4 Mr 

1564 Providing for sale or mortgage of future contingent Interest in 

land; proceedings. Wis. 300, 29 Ap; 342, 3 My 

Family property. Property rights of married women. (See aUo Sup- 
port ol lamlly. 33: Divorce, IE: Dower aad curtesy. ITST) 

1565 A married man whose wife Is Insane may convey propeity as 

though he were single. Ala. p. 89, 23 P 

1566 Deeds or mortgages to real estate acquired during marriage must 

be signed by ici/e and husband; exception. Amending R. S. '87 
S2J02. ArL 36. 14 Mr 

1567 Personal property of either husband or wife exempt from execu- 

tion not to be mortgaged without consent of both. '97 p. 6 
reenacted to correct illegalil)/ in passage. Id. p. 292, 16 P 

1668 Where guardian of insane person, drunkard or minor has sold 
land, wife may release interest as If husband were not under 
disability. Ind. 13. 7 F 

1668 Husband and wife holding real estate as Joint tenants or tenants 
by entireties to becnme tenants In common, after circuit or 
superior court has adjudged one of them insane and probably 
permanently so. Ind. 7S, 24 F 

1670 Wife may dispose of rights in husband's lands at 18 [formerly 21] 

years. Mich. 187, 2 My 

1671 Married woman of fttll age mav eonvev [formerly may Join hus- 

band la conveyance of] real estate; married man though not of 
full age may Join wife In release of curtesy. Amending P. 8. 
'91 ch. 176 63. N. H. 16, 28 F 


Fropertf &ad contract rlgbts 


1B72 Coneent of wife not necessary tn consequence at real property 
owned by husband. Amendlag C. L. '97 §1509. 

N. M. 80, 16 Mr 

1573 AmeDding '96 ch. 272 £18 as to effect of legit imatislng children. 

W. T. 725, 26 My 

1574 Either husband or wife may enter Into engagement' with the 

other or wltb any other person respecting property as if unmar- 
ried. Amending K. C. '95 62767. M". D. 100, 7 Mr 

1575 Court of chancery may validate deed of real estate heretofore 

or hereafter made by married woman in which husband did not 
Join. Amending '96, 49. Vt. 55. 16 N '98 


1576 Homesteads. Homestead not subject of devise when widow 

but no children; descends to widow; if cblldren, widow may 
elect dower or a child's part na. 69, 29 My 

1577 Exempted homestead lying in more than one county to l>e re- 

corded in each. Amending Code '95 S2835. Cta. p. 51, 20 D '98 

1578 Schedules of exempted property In lieu of homestead to be filed 

la each county in which land lies. Amending Code '95 §2867. 

Ga. p. 52. 20 D '68 

1579 Defining homestead. Amending R. S. '87 pt 2 t.7 cb. 1. '97 p. 10 

reenacted to correct illegaliti/ in passage. Id. p. 293, 16 P 

15S0 Exemptions. Personal property to the value of $500 and home- 
stead to tbe value of $2500 to be exempt from executloa or 
forced sale for debt ArL 43, 14 Mr 

1581 Well-boring machinery, engines and trucks up to $1000 exempt 

from execution. Amending C. C. P. S690. Cal. IS, 21 F 

1582 Bicycle and sewing machine exempt from levy and sale on 

execution, or writ of attachment or distress for rent. 

Col. 96. 8 Ap 

1663 Money paid by fraternal society not liable to attachment. 

Amending '95 ch. 255 811. Ct 117, 17 My 

1584 Sending outside state claims against resident within Jurisdiction 

of state courts, in ort^er to evade law as to exemption from 
gamishment, a misdemeanor; debtor may recover amount with 
damages. Ga. p. 90, 7 D '98 

1585 Property exempt from execution amended slightly (R. S. '87 

§4480). '9S p. 85 reenacted to correct UlegaHtii in pauage. 

Id. p. 251, 14 P 

1586 Sick benefits of Ancient order united workmen not subject to 

attachment, garnishment or other process. Amending '87, 83. 
Uieh. 130, 15 3e 
1087 Bicycle exempt from execution. Aroeadlng '07, 6. 

Klnn. Zi 25 F 


Fropertjr aad contract rlglit* 


1588 Watcta exempt from execution. Amending O. S. J5459. 

Ulnn. 267, IS Ap 
1089 Insurance on property exempt from attachment to be exempt 
from trustee proceea. N. H. 27, 1 Mr 

1690 Wages up to 530 exempt from execudoD or attacliment 

Tenn. 38, 27 .Ur 
1891 Exempting from execution earcings of married man for personal 
services rendered within 60 days of levy [formerly one half 
the earnings of debtor, except when $1 a day or less when the 
. whole was exempt] ; other amendments to B. S. '98 J3245 re- 
lating to exemptions. TT. 66, 9 Ur 

1592 Exemption of earnings of Judgment debtor for 30 days preceding 

attachTnent on [formerly judgment agalnstl garnishee. 

- Or. p. 11, 12 O '98 

1593 Exempting soda-water apparatus leased or hired, from levy for 

rent Amending '76, 134. Pa. 94. 28 Ap 

Eminent domain — general grants. (See aI«o Coademu&tiaa proceeiliiigB, 2404. 
and epeclal purposee lor wblch property mar be taken) 

1594 May be exercised In behalf of pipe lines for carrying petroleum 

or other fluid. Ail. 51, 16 Mr 

1895 Amending G. S. '97 eh. 66 §102-3 specifying purposes for which 

lands may be talten under right of eminent domain. 

Kan. 05, 4 Mr 
1586 Cities and towns may take land up to one acre for school, 

library or engine house; damages ascertained as In highway 

appropriation. Hass. 379, 19 My 

1597 Purpose's for which private property may be talten In cities of 

500 to 3000 and certain other cities amended ('95 p. 65 899). 
Mo. p. 90, 1 My 

1898 Repealing '97, 29 provldiug for special juiT to assess damages 

under law of eminent domain. If. D. 88, 8 Mr 

Liens. Incumbrances 

1899 Mortgages — general. Entry of payment or partial payment of 

mortgage debt amended (Code '96 §1065-66). 

Ala. p. 26, 23 F 

1600 Providing for aclinowledgment of satisfactlou and release of 

mortgages and deeds of trust. Arl. 64, IC Mr 

1601 Payment of insurance premiums, loses and assessments by mort- 

gagee creates lien. Amending G. S. '88 {3009. Ct 1, 15 Mr 

1602 Court may issue order discharging lien of wilts of attachment 

and execution when Hen has been lost or destroyed. '95 p. H 
reenacled to correct UlegoHt]/ in passage. Id. p. 233, 1* W 


fropert7 ^^^ contract rights 


leos Mortgagee fBlling to discharge mortgage liable to $10 to $50 fliie- 
{formerly damages]. Ameoding '95, 69. Me. 113, 17 Mr 

1604 Kepeallag R, C. '95 14718 relating to discbarge of recorded mort- 
gages by entry in margin of record. N. B. 74, 24 F" 

1606 Mixed chattel and real mortgagee, partlcttlarly on railroad prop- 
erty, to be admitted to record aa real estate mortgages In 
county where property Is located. Wash. 72, 13 Mr ■ 

Beal estate mortgageB. (8ee aim ForecEosure, 23S3; Tubuod oI mongageB, 1:41; 
Executors and admiDlBtratora, ISOO; Qusrdlana— mortsa«e of property, 1S5S) 

1606 Any person who receives assignment of real estate mortgage and 

falls to have transfer recorded in 45 days shall forfeit 10% to 
state school fund; prosecuting attorney to sue for same; court 
to tax J20 or more for prosecutor's fee; mortgagor entitled to 
10% deduction from face of unrecorded transferred mortgage. 

Ind. 122, 28 F 

1607 Regulating assignment of real estate mortgages and recording of 

assignments. Repealing '97, 160. Kan. 1C8, 3 Mr 

1608 When lands lie in more than one county, releases of mortgages 

and all foreclosure proceedings may be recorded in each. 
Amending G.S. 64196. Minn. 182, 14 Ap- 

1609 Holder, owner or assignee of mortgage offered for record to fur- 

nish recorder with name and address. Pa. 39, 11 Ap 

1610 Unlawful to destfoy or remove fixtures, buildings or permanent 

Improvements on mortgaged real estate. Wash. 76, 13 Mr 

1611 Chattel mortgages. Wee also MiaceiUneous frauas, 25m Acknowl- 

edgment and filing amended (R. S. '87 §3386-87), '91 p. 181 re- 
enacted to correct Ulei/aHtii in passage. Id. p. 121, 6 F' 

1612 Manner of discharging. Amending R. S. '87 §3361-62. '9S p. 5^ 

reenacted to correct tUegalitji in passage. Id. p. 249, 14 F 

1613 Any mortgagor of personal property who Injures it, or sella it 

without consent of mortgagee is guilty of larceny; penalties. 
Repealing '97, 161. Kan. 167, 4 Mr 

1614 Chattel mortgages In unorganized townships to be filed wltlt 

county recorder. Amending '97, 292. Minn. 18, 17. F 

1610 Providing short form of chattel mortgages to be used only in 

certain counties. IT. C. 17, 28 F 

1616 Amending validity of unrecorded mortgages of personal prop- 

erty (Q. L. 'ch. 207 §10). R. I. 614, 28 F 

1617 When mortgaged property la taken from one county to another 

and there disposed of unlawfully, offender may be prosecuted 
in either county. Amending Crlm. P. '95 art. 235. 

Tex. 8, 20 F 

1618 General act relating to filing of chattel mortgages. 

Wash. 98, 13 Mr 


Property imd contract rights 

1619 Chattel mortgagee may be renewed from year to year bj filing 

affidavit wltbln 60 days after [formerly 3(> days preceding] ex- 
piration of year. Amendlcg '90-91 ch. T 111. Wy. 27, 16 F 

1620 Mortgages— crop and special objecta. Authorizing mortgages on 

crude turpentine and reeln gathered or manufactured within 18 
months after date of mortgage. Ala. p. 243, 23 P 

1621 Chattel mortgages may be made on growing crops and on 

crops to be sown and grown in future. Amending K. S. '87 
83385. '97 p. e reenacted to correct illegalitv in passage. 

Id. p. 292, 16 P 

1622 Providing short form of agricultural liens to be used only In 

certain counties. N. C. 17, 28 F 

16S3 Mortgage of crops so stipulating may be foreclosed by sale of 
crop after harvest, at any time, without notice; usual charges 
for sale and transportation to be deemed proper expenses. 
Amending R. C. '95 §5887. N. D. 120, 25 F 

1024 Pledge. 10 days written notice to be served on pledgor before 
sale of collateral securities; sale may be private if In contract; 
public soles to be between 9 a. m. and sunset, on 10 days 
posted notice. Mich. 84, 25 My 

1625 Conditional sales. Property sold conditionally not to be con- 
cealed or sold by vendee. Ct. 135, 31 My 

16S6 Contracts for sale of personal property, where title Is to remain 
with vendor till purchase price is paid, to be recorded with 
county clerk. Mon, p. 124, 3 Mr 

1627 Misdemeanor to dispose of personal property, bought on condi- 

tional sale, before complying with terms. Tenn. 12. 3 Mr 

1628 Retention of title by vendor In conditional sale Invalid If not In 

writing. Tenn. 15, 24 F 

-Mechanics' and other liens. (See also Attorney's Uens, 1900; Warahousea, 4236; 
Irrigatloa, 4474) 

1629 General liens of mechanics, material men and laborers. Gen- 

erally amending '03, 117 granting liens to mechanics and 
others. Col. 118, 12 Ap 

1630 General law securing to mechanics and others payment for 

labor and materials In erecting buildings and grading lots, 

'93 p. 49; '95 p. iS, 13S reenacted to correct illegality in passage. 

Id. p. 147, 7 F 

1631 Procedure for enforceonent, discharge, etc. Action on mechan- 

ics' lien to be commenced In 15 months [formerly 90 days]. 
Amending '95 ch. 46 315. Ark. 182, 8 My 


Kvperty and contract rights 

136 tmvr xore statd libsabx 

1632 Maimer of foreclosore of special Hens for services rendered, 

where Ilea Is dependent on possession. Amending E. S. '87 
i3445. '93 p. 67 reenacted to correct illegality in passage. 

Id. p. 181, 8 F 

1633 Requiring owners or operators of mines and builders of tunnels, 

canals, railroads, buildings etc. to publlsb statement containing 

name of owner, operator, etc. bis address, day when laborers 

will resularl; be paid, and mortgagee and Hens on property. 

Id. p. 365, 14 Mr 

1634 Lien for labor and materials not dissolved unless filed In 40 days,. 

tcften contract te with oumer. Amending '96, 34. 

Us. 84, 16 Ur 

1635 No mechanics' Hens on vesarf or building unless contractor fur- 

nishes owner, on demand, within 15 days after work done, 
statement of amounts and persons to whom due; no action 
maintainable till 10 days after statement; owner may pay 
according to statement Minn. 277, 18 Ap 

1636 Person furnlablng materials to contractor not entitled to flle 

mechanics' lien unless be notify owner of land by registered 
letter prior to completion of contract, that he bas furnished 
materials. Amending R. C. '96 S4788. N. D. 109. 7 Mr 

1637 No Hen on owner for labor or materials furnished at request of 

leasee or tenant, unless owner has enpresHt/ agreed with parly 
claiming lien. Amending R. S. '98 £3314. Wis. 222, 20 Ap 

1638 Special laborers and mechanics' liana. Persons holding per- 

sonal property under mechanics' lien may sell for cash at 
public auction, 30 days after work done, on giving bond In sum 
fixed by Justice of peace or circuit court; demand on debtor 
and 10 days posted notice. • Ark. 58, 16 Mr 

1630 Amending G. L. '88 S3020-21 as to notice to owner of building 
that mechanics' lien is claimed, and as to amount of Hen. 

Ct 121, 19 My 

1640 Mechanics' liens suiierior to any incumbrance Imposed after 

work commenced and before limit for filing lieu. Amending 
G. S. 33811. Nev. 80, 14 Mr 

1641 Amending '98 ch. 226 H relating to mechanics' lien on buildings. 

N. J. 153, 24 Mr 

1642 A Justice of the supreme court, or the county court, or the county 

Judge may continue mechanics' Hen under a contract (or public 
Improvement. Amending '97 cb. 418 S17. H. Y. 25, 28 F 

1643 Laborers' lien on mining claims amended ('91 p. 76 |1). 

Or. p. 180, 18 P 


Property aad contract rights 

1644 In aa action to enforce mechanics' lien, llenholder if succeseful 

may recover attorney's fee. Ameoding W, 91. tT. 101, '98. 

nnconstitutional. Confers special privileges on a certain class 

of litigants. Brubaker v. Bennett, 57 p. 170. 
1649 Id an action to enforce mecbanics' lien, the sticcesgful party [for- 

fnerly llenbolder, if successful] may recover attorney's fee. 

Amending R. S. '96 gl400. IT. 58, 9 Mr 

1646 Hotel and lodging hous« keepers. Innlceeper bas lien on guests' 

baggage. Ark. 165, 8 My 

1647 Amending C. C.'95 S2502 providing a lien on baggage for botel 

keepers. Repealing G. C. '95 32511. Mon. p. 132, 16 F 

1648 Hotel keeper does not bave lien on baggage or other property of 

guest, if be has had notice that such baggage, etc. is not 
property of guest. Amending 'BT ch. 418 {71. 3S". T. 380, 21 Ap 

1649 Boarding house keepers given lien on baggag« of guests; public 

sale after 10 days notice. K. C. 645, 8 Mr 

1660 Iiiens on animals. Keeper, ovrner or proprietor ot livery stable 
or other place for feeding and caring for stock for po/g, to have lien 
on stock; limitation. Amending Code '96 J2774. 

Ala. p. 39, 23 F 

16S1 Keepers of public pastures or training stables to have a lien on 

stock. Ala. p, 125, 1 F 

' 16B2 Uen for service of stallion after mare l»toien to be teith foal 

[formerly after service]. Amending C. L. {10,784, 10,786. 

Mich. 66, 10 My 

1653 In order to bave lien for services of sire, commissioner of agri- 

culture's certiflcate must be filed with register of deeds [formerly 
clerk of district court]: fees. K. B. 146, n. d. 

1654 JAtnB on timbw. Lien for shoring and running logs established. 

Us. 38, 3 Mr 

16BB Every person who works on saw-logs, lumber or other timber 

and the owner of land on which timber is cut, bas a lien on such 

timber; manner of procedure. Kon. p. 126, 20 F 

1656 Revision of laws as to liens on logs, timber and crossties. 

Klnn. 342, 30 Ap 

1657 Person claiming Interest in timber In hands of sheriff to have 

custody of same on depositing amount of claim and flOO for 
costs and interest; costs not to be allowed to llenbolder unless 
demand Is made or court finds fraud attempted. Amending 
■98 ch. 132 812. Waah. 90. 13 Mr 

1668 Verbal change in R. S. '98 {3342b as to enforcing lien on logs. 

Wis. 351, 4 My 


Frapert7 u>d contratit rights 


lQ5f) Liens for miscellaneous services. Contractor or subcontractor, 
persons performing work of aoy kind or fumisbing board or 
provisions to employees or teams, or professional serrlcea, 
have lien against railroad. Amending Digest '94 S^5I-63. 

Ark. ITS. 8 My 

1660 Constructors of wells and cisterns have Hen on land.^ 

. Ark. 173, 8 My 

1661 Land on wblch tcell is dug is snbject to lien. Amending C. 0. P. 

§1185, 1188. Oftl. 23, 23 F; 35, 1 Mr 

1662 Creating lien for cutting or pressing hay. He. 54, 10 Mr 

1663 Lien on monumental work over $30, under written contract 

Ue. 102, 16 Mr 
1164 Claims for labor against street railway or steam railroad unpaid 
10 days after presentation, and judgments for personal injuries 
or death, are liens on all property, prior to all Judgments and 
other liens except for labor; all claimants in past six years to 
be notified to appear, before final decree in foreclosure of any 
mortgage or lien. Mich. 110, 9 Je 

166B Establishing liens for labor in quarrying, mining, dressing and 
cutting stone. Amending '07 ch. 418 §50. IT. Y. 322, 17 Ap 

1666 I'ersou liecplog livery or boarding stable to have lien on vehicle 

or iiarness stored with him. AmeudiDg '97 ch. 418 S74. 

N. T. 466, 28 Ap 

1667 Common cairiers' lien to be enfoix-ed by sale of unclaimed goods 

or goods on which charges are not paid, U. 37, 9 Mr 

1668 Owner of threshing machine oi' corn sheller has lien on grain; 

may seize and sell In six months. Wis. 220, 20 Ap 

1669 Moneys due contractors for public worl; to be withheld to satisfy 

claims of laborers and material men; regulations. 

Col. 124, 10 Ap 

1670 Laborers and material men have right to sue on bond of public 

contractors if they file claim, teithin SO days after icork is com- 
pleted; form of notice; wften otty charter requires contractors to 
give bond for use of city and of laborers, etc. additional bond to state 
not required. Amending G. S. '91 |2417. Wash. 105, 13 Mr 

Contracts and other obligations 
Loans. Negotiable Instrumenta 

1S71 N^otdable inatrumftnts. General negotiable Instruments law, 
[Becommended by conference of commissioners on uniform 

N. C. 733, 8 Mr; N. D. 113, 7 Mr; Or. p. 18, 16 F; B. L 674. 25 
My; T«m. 94, 6 Ap; U. 83, 20 Mr; Waah. 149. 22 Mr; Wla. 
356, 5 My 


Property Bjid contract rlgbts 


1872 IiEwfuI money. Bepealiag '93 p. 78 requiring payment: of obli- 

gations lu either gold or silver coin regardless of special con- 
tract. Id. p. 183, 9 P 

1873 Contracts for payment of money whether In gold, sliver or coin 

may be discharged in any legal tender. Tenn, 189, 27 Mr 

1874 Interest. ITsury. Repealing Code '96 12830 providing that when 

principal and usurious interest have been paid, tbe escesa over 
principal and legal interest may be recovered. Ala. p. 38, 23 F 

167S On loans on certain chattel mortgages. Interest In excess of 10% 
a year to be applied to payment of principal debt. Amend- 
ing G. L. '88 83016. Ct. 177, 14 Je 

1678 Loans on chattel mortgages not to bear greater rate of Interest 

than that lawfully charged by pawnbrokers; other regulaHons. 

Ct. 165, 9 Je 

1677 Legal iiate 7 1'2X [formerly lOX] ; maximum allowed 12% [former- 

ly IVjX a month]. Amending R. S. '87 il2G3-C4. '97 p. 95 yeeu- 
acied to correct illegality in passage. Id. p. 315, 18 P 

1678 Interest on loans on personal property under J200 not to exceed 

3% a month for first three montlis, nor 15% a year there- 
after; mortgage on household goods must state amount, when 
due, rate and expense of making loan; does not apply to licensed 
pawnbrokers. Me. G7, 11 Mr 

1679 Legal rale 5% [formerly G%]: contract rate 7% [formerly 87,]. 

Amending C. L. S485G. Mich. 207, 25 My 

1680 Legal rate 6% [formerly T%]. Amending G. S. §2212. 

Minn. 122, 3 Ap 
1881 Penalty for sale or assignment of usurious contract without 

notice. Mo. p. 166, 27 Mr 

1683 Interest, commissions of brokerage exceeding 2% a month is 

usurious. Mo. p. 167^ 14 Ap 

1883 Legal rate 8% [formerly lOX]. Amending C. C. '95 §2585, 2588. 

Hon. p. 125, 28 P 

1884 Legal rate 6% [formerly 8%]; maxlmnm 10%. Or, p. 15, 14 O '98 
1685 Repealing '97,81 avoiding excess over legal'interest on suit for 

payment of money. Tenn. 172, 6 Ap 

1886 Bepeallng '97, 23 allowing same interest on loans on property 
in other state as that state allows. Tonn. 306, 22 Ap 

1687 Legal rate 6% [formerly 7%); on state warrants not over 5%, to 
cease 10 days after call; on Judgments on contracts apecifyliig 
rate, at specifled rate, but not to exceed 10%; officials to fix 
rates on umrranta so as lo make par value cguat market value. 
Repealing '95, 136, Wash. 80, 13 Mr 


Property and contract rishts 


1688 Maturity of commercial paper, (See also Legal bolldays. 4!8T> 
TLree days grace on slglit drafts and bills of exchange unless 
otberwlse stipulated. Repealing part of '98,533. 

Uasa. 130, 6 Mr 

1S80 Notes due on Sunday are payable on Mondav [formerly Saturday) 
or if that IB legal holiday, on Tuesday; notes due on holiday 
are payable «n next business day; due on Saturday If not paid 
before noon are payable Monday; no days of grace unless 
stipulated. Amending C. '91 ch. 99 S3. W. Va. 32, 22 F 

1690 Seals. Legalizing instruments without seal. Uinn. 3, 3 F 

1691 Private seals abolished; written contract imports consideratloD 

when BO expressed. Kinn. 86, 22 Mr 

1693 Whenever It Is clearly the Intention of makers of instrument 

that it shall be a sealed lostrumeQt, tt shall be so construed 

though no seal be. attached. S. C. 32, 28 F 

1693 Uiscellaneoiis regraUtions. Typewriting to be as binding as 

writing, except as to signatures; writing hereafter to include 
typewriting. Ct 75, 20 Ap 

1694 Giving worthless checks forbidden; exception. DeL 265, 1 Mr 

1695 Blank indoaement of nonnegotlable note by third party creates 

a contract. Ct. 4, 20 Ap 

1696 CoUector or holder of commercial paper attached to bill of 

lading shall not be deemed to warrant quality, quantity or 
title of goods. na. 99, 2 Je 

1697 Reducing and regulating protest fees. • Ga. p. 106, 20 D '99 

1698 Negotiable Instrument may contain provisloit for attorney's fee. 

Amending C. G. '90 33996. HJon. p. 124, S Mr 

1609 Notice of nonpayment or uonacceptance of notes, drafts, etc. 

may In certain cases be given by mall. Amending G. L. cb. 

166. B. I. 623, 3 Mr 

1700 Due diligence in collection of checks or drafts deBned. 

S. D. 59, 4 Mr 
Hlscellaneous dassM 

1701 lAudlord and tenant (See alio EJactmeni, 2376; Replevin, 24U> 

Commission merchant selling tenant's crop to pay debt to him- 
self is liable as purchaser to person entitled to the rent. 

T«au. 22, 24 F 
1708 Tmots — general. <See aleo Eiaeutore, iSM; Quaraians, 1845) Court to 
fill vacancy In office of trustee when necessary (o carry out 
trvst created by icill. Amending C. C. P. S1702. 

Cal. 90, 16 Mr 

1703 Income of trust liable to claims of creditors, when; powers of 

conrt. ' Ot 210, 22 Je 


Property and contract ligbts 

1704 Probate court may direct fiduciaries to deposit In savings banka 

In name of probate judge funds of absent or Incompetent 
person. Mass. 90, 17 P 

1705 Trust companies may act as fiduciaries. Hass. 34S, 9 My 

1706 Fiduciaries to have 20 days to qualify. Amending C. L. S684. 

Mich. 69. 10 My 

1707 General law confirming Jurisdiction of probate courts over testa- 

mentary trusts and providing for tlieir administration, 12p. 

Kicli. 253, 21 Je 

1708 Any fiduciary holding property for wblch no receipt can be given 

by proper person, may seek bis discharge from supreme court 
Amending G. L. cb.219, 240. B. I. 651, 2 My 

1700 Supreme court may appoint trustees in certain cases. Amend- 
ing G. L. ch. 208 II, 4. B. I. 680, 20 My 

1710 Prosecuting attorney to examine records of probate and district 

courts before each regular tena and ask for removal of negli- 
gent fiduciaries or those who have left the state; court may 
remove and appoint others. Wy. 73, 21 F 

1711 Sur^ysbip. {Bee aUo Executors, 1800: Surety compauleB, 2SK, Index, 

under Bonds) Surety on bond of officer elected or appointed may 
be released on application to court approving bond or. if such 
approval not required, to circuit court. Amending Digest '94 
§7319. Ark. 14, 13 F 

1712 Person or company as surety on fiduciary's bond may ask court 

to relieve from -farther liability. Amending Digest '94 14162. 

Ark. 179, 8 My 

1713 Verbal change In '96 ch. 82 E3 as to notice to sureties on forfeited 

official bonds. Fla. 54, 26 My 

1714 Form for undertakings to be signed by sureties In elvU and 

criminal actions. '9S p. 18 reenacted to correct iUei/aUly fn 

passage. Id. p. 235, 14 F 

171H Surety on probate bond may be discharged on application of 

surety or principal. Amending R. 8. ch. 72 {3. He. 85, 16 Mr 

1716 Probate courts may reduce penal sum of bonds signed by surety ' 
. companies, as to future vitiations of conditions only. 

Haas. 278, 15 Ap ' 

1717 Amending certain sections of P. C. '95 ch. 7 art. 9 relating to 

sureties on official bonds. Hon. p. 79, 7 Mr 

1718 In proceedings on bonds and undertakings, after the filing of an 

acconnt, the court shall determine and enforce the rights and 
liabilities of all parties as in actions for accounting In supreme 
court. Amending C. C. P. 6812. N. T. 726, 26 My 

1719 Providing for release of sureties on bonds, undertakings and 

other obllgatrons. Or. p. 92, 17 F 


Froperty and contract rights 


1720 BoDda executed by surety company to be accepted In lieu of 

Individual sureties; release of surety. IT. 65, Ur 

1721 Sureties on official bonds released on fillDg notice. Wy. 9, 8 F 

1722 Fartnerahip. Voluntary business associations wltli partnersliip 

liabilities may, when insolvent, be put Into receiver's tiands; 
procedure; notice; assesBment. N. J. 182, 24 Mr 

1723 Amending aauie of firm In limited partnerships (Code 93100). 

IT. C. 75, 13 F 

1724 Regulating formation of limited liability partnerships. 

Pb. 153, 9 My 

1725 Retiring partner not liable for firm's debts contracted after retire- 

ment, if lie publishes notice four weeks. Tenu. I(i9, T Ap 

1726 Provisions as to filing articles of foreign Incorporation no longer 

apply lo partnerships; penalty for violation $S90 [formerly $1000 
for second offense]. Amending B. S. '98 UTTOb. 

Wis. 351, 4 My 

Insolvency. Assignments 

(Bee also EiempCLons, lESO; Carporatlana, SW: PnrtnerBhlp, 1T22) 

1727 General. General law concerning general assignments. Revis- 

ion. ■ K. J. 54, 21 Mr 

1728 Repealing certain acts relating to general assignments. 

N. J. 71, 22 Mr 

1729 Assignees. Insolvency proceedings amended as to election and 

duties of assignee (R. S. '87 S5880, 5882). '95 p. 76 reenacUi (o 
corrcci iUegality in passage. Id. p. 250, 14 F 

1730 Assignee failing to swear to amended schedule may not do so 

after two years except by lease of court. Amending '88,217. 

Ke. 23, 1 Mr 

1731 Assignee must give bond equal to present [formerly nominal] 

assets. Amendlug R. S.'98 SI694. Wis. '98, 30 Mr 

' 1732 Preferences. Fraudulent transfers. General assignments or 
conveyances giving preferences aball Inure to benefit of all 
creditors; crime to sell or remove property subject to execution 
with Intent to binder or defraud credltO(a. Ala. 481, '97. Un- 
• coiistUiitional. Contains more than one subject. Builders' and 

painters' supply co. v. Lucas, 24 So. 416. 

1733 Assignments of debts not evidenced by Instruments are void as 

against creditor If not in writing filed with town or city cleric 
or village recorder, unless claimant proves valid consideration; 
filing is not notice to debtor. Minn. 268, 18 Ap 

1734 Sale of merchandise except In regular course of trade void against 

creditors, unless inventory Is made five days before sale and all 
creditors notified. Xlnn. 291, 19 Ap 


Estatee of decedents ftnd waxds 


1735 Additional restrlctloos regarding preferences etc.; procedure to 

avoid. Wis. ch. 334 |3, '97. UnconstitutHinal as to debts exist- 
ing at time of Its .passage; Impairs tbe obligation of contracts. 
Peninsular lead works v. Union Oil, 100 Wis. 488. 

1736 Claims. Settlement. Manner in wblch certain claims against 

insolvent estates are to be certified to probate court. 

Ala. p. 85i 18 F 

1737 Creditor may release one or more Joint debtors. Col. 1(\6, 10 Ap 

1738 One year after discharge in banliniptcy under act of congress, 

1898, debtor may have all judgments listed In bankruptcy pro- 
ceedings discharged in district court; 10 days notice to creditors. 
Minn. 202, IS Ap 

1739 Bepeallng 'Dl p. 44 directing payment Into state treasui? of un- 

claimed dividends in bands of assignees. DIo. p. 43, 10 My 

1740 Extension of time for creditors to bring in claims against Insol- 

vent estate not to be allowed without prepayment of probable 
expense. Amending P. S. '91 ch. 192 H- N. H. 3, 7 P 

1741 Amending the discharge of a Judgment against a banlcrupt dis- 

charged from his debts (C. C. P. S126S). N. T. 602, 16 My 

174S Trustees and assignees for benefit of ci'cditors shall account to 
couDty clerk as soon as nature of assignment will admit; clerk - 
may compel accounting two yeara from appointment. Amena- 
Ing Code '96 J3623. Tann. 371 21 Ap 

1748 Miscellaneous procedure. Manner of discharging an insolvent 
from bis debts amended (H. S. '87 $5914). '97 p. 1S2 reenacted 
to correct illegality in paasage.r Id. p. 316, 18 F 

1744 Court of insolvency may Issue execution to compel payment of 

register on 30 days notice [formerly same as in civil process In 
supreme court]. Amending '91, 101. Me. 43, 8 Mr 

1745 Promise to pay debt discharged by bankruptcy p^oceeding3 Is 

not good evidence unless in writing. N. C. 57, 10 F 

1746 Verbal change In R. S. '98 S3030 relating to compelling debtor 

to answer as to property. Wis. 351, 4 My 

Estates of decedents and wards 

Descents. ' Devises 

(See alio Inheritance Im, 1354) 

1747 Devises. Wills. Will of soldier or sailor dying in Spanish war 

valid without witnesses if entirely In testator's handwriting. 
Amending U.S. S4426. Minn. 338, 20 Ay 

1748 Alpabetical index of wills to be made by each county. 

S. a. 110, 15 F 


Estates of decedents and wards 


Descent. Succession ^ 

1749 Order of descent. Homeetead not subject of devise when 

widow but no children; descends to widow; if children, widow 
may elect dower or a child's part. Fla. 69. 29 My 

1750 Distribution of property betweeo widow and children amended 

(•53 ch. 38 §2). Ind. 231, '89. Partlv void. 61 attempts to 
amend an act already repealed. Helt v. Helt, 52 N. B, 699. 

1751 Damages for wrongfully causing death shall inure to widow 

or widoioer and children or next of kin. Amending R. S. '94 
S285. Ind. 177, 4 Mr 

1753 Distrlljution of intestate's estate: furniture [formerly not over 
S250] to widow. Issue of deceased child take bv right of repre- 
sentatim; if no child, all residue If under $3000 [formerly 
?1000] to widow; If over $3000, half to widow, half to father 
and mother equally or to the suririror of them, ■ if no jctdow or 
husband) or child, to all lineal descendants, equally if of satiu 
degree, otherwise by right of representation. Amending C. L. 
§9322. Mich, lie, 15 Je 

1753 Inheritance of adopted child dying in minority unmarried goes 

to beirs of person from whom property came. Amending G. S. 
§444T. Minn. 174, 11 Ap 

1754 Estate [formerly real estate] of intestate leaving no issue to 

go in equal shares to husband or wife and father or mother. 
Amending '97 ch. 106 §259. Nev. 95, 16 Mr 

1755 Distribution of estate of person dying intestate. Amending '98 

ch. 234 S169. W. J. 83, 22 Mr 

1756 Bight of action for wrongful killing, if no rddow or next of Hn, 

passes to personal representative for benefit of estate. Amending 
Code '96 |4{ffi5. Tenn. 213, 15 Ap 

1757 Dower and curtesy. Release of curtesy includes rights by 

descent. Amending '96 §6. 157. Mo. 21, 22 F 

1758 Childless second wife takes only life Interest in intestate's lands 

when he leaves child or children by former wife, or their 
descendants. Amending R. 8. '94 12644-47. Ind. 99, 24 P 

1759 Providing for collection of dower Interest due to widows; real 

estate may be sold on judgment to recover such interest. 

Pa. 97, 28 Ap 

1760 Bscheata. Generally amending law of escheats (R.S.'89 ch. 61). 

Mo. p. 208, 11 My 


EetateB of decedeuta &nd vards 

Probate procedure. Administration 

(See alio Trusts, 1703) 
Conrts. Frocsdnre generBlly 

1761 Courts— judges and officers. Governor inay order election to fill ' 

vacancy In office of probate judge. Ot 74, 20 Ap 

1762 Pivbate judges to surrender certain papers etc. to tbeir successors 

lu'omce; penalty. Amending K.S.'ST pt. 3 1 12 ch. 11. 

Id. p. 401, 6 Mr 

1763 In counties of 1000 to 10,000 salary of probate judge may be 

increased not to exceed J600; iit counties of 150,000 salary of 
probate clerk $1590 ■ $2500 for additional clerk hire; salaries based 
on state census of 1895 [formerly '85]. Amending G. S. §4416- 
17. ■ Minn. 145, 11 Ap 

1764 Probate judge whose salary exceeds $1000 [formerly $1200] may 

have not over $1500 for clerk hire. Amending G. S. |441S. 

Minn. 188, 13 Ap 

1765 Duties of probate judge amended (R. S. '89 83402). 

Mo. p. 158, 30 Mr 

1766 Amending compensation of probate judges ('07, 60). 

N. H. 25, 1 Mr; 24, 1 Mr 

1767 ' In counties of 28,000 where there Is no provision for clerk hire In 

probate court. Judge's salary to be at least $1500 [formerly not 
uniform]. Minn. 47, 9 Mr 

1768 Pi-obate clerit in cities of 300,000 may, tiefore payment of fees 

and costs to city treasurer, deduct expense of publication of 
court docket. Amending '97 p. 82. ■ Mo. p. 159, 22 Ap 

1769 Fees of clerk of orphans' court amended ('68 ch. 1 §6). 

Pa. 91, 28 Ap 

1770 Repealing E. S. '89 13410 requiring secrefai-y of state to furnish 

probate courts with copies of statute laws and supreme court 
reports. Mo. p. 158, 18 My 

1771 Verbal amendment to C. L. '97 S928 relating to jurisdiction of 

probate court. N. M. 80, 16 Mr 

1778 Selectmen to provide flre-proof vault for probate records. 

Ct. 130, 31 My 

1773 Person of either sex may be appointed to act in absence of register 

of probate. Amending R. S. ch. 63 SIS. Me. 61, 11 Mr 

1774 Register of probate's bond after approval by county commis- 

sioners to bie filed with county treasurer Amending P.S. ch. 63 

114. M>. 71, 15 Mr 

3775 Registers in probate have powers of clerks of courts to certify 

copies of papers. Wis. 37, 23 Mr 

1776 Impressions of seals of probate courts to be kept on die by 

governor. Vt. S2, 29 N "dS 


Estatefl of decedents aud wards , 


1777 HiscelUneous procedure. Wbeu jadge of probate and InBolvency 
l9 unable from any cavse [formeily Interest or sickness] to act, 
otber Judge may be designated; case may be beard In another 
county uniesa interested party objects [formerly on written con- 
sent of all parties]; register to certify occaaion for other Judge's 
acting; assisted judge shall pay excess over S% of salary unless 
interest prevents Ms aeting. Amending '94, 377. 

Mass. 345, 6 My 

177S I'robato Jndge unaUe to act on account of illness or necessary ah- 
seiii-e to require Judge of adjoining county to act Ame.idiog 
'Hit ch. 4U §5. Kiim. 181, 14 Ap 

1779 Probate Judges not to try cases in whicb tbey are personally 

Interested; special Judges te be selected;. district aJid probate 
judges may exercise certain powers at chambers. 

Okl. 24 art, 2, 13 Mr 

1780 Time within which appeal may be taken from probate courts 

amended (G. L. '88 S641). Ct. 173, 13 Je 

1781 When appeal is taken in settlement of decedents estate tran- 

script must be filed In supreme court In 90 (formerly 30] days 
after filing- appeal bond. Amending R. 8. '94 92610. 

Ind. 171, 3 Mr 

1782 Appeal from probate to district court on final decree assigning 

residue of decedent's estate. Amending G. S. §46%. 

man. 27, 26 F 

17S3 Personal notice may be giren to persons in Interest In certain 

cases before probate court; fee. Ct, 44, 6 Ap 

1784 Petitions for probate proceedings may tie received and entered 

and notice thereon ordered, in vacation. Ue. 29, 1 Mr 

1785 Probate court may, on reas<maitle notice [formerly uniform general 

rule] require special administrators to do such acts as needs 
of estate require. Amending '98, 414. Uass. 301, 25 Ap 

178G I'robate court may adjourn hearing in petitioner's absence; fld«- 
claries to have 20 days to qualify. Amending G. L. {684. 

Mlcb. 69, 10 My 

1787 Surrogate's order directing service of citatiou by publication to 

provide that citation be published in two newspapers unless 
estate amounts to less than SWOO, in wMdh ease one neicspaper 
is to be designated. Amending C. C. P. S2524. " 

H". T. 606, 16 My 

1788 Amending C. C. P. £2698 relating to application for ancillary 

letters as to waivers of service of citation by creditors. 

N. T. 717, 26 My 

1789 Orphans' courts may decree specific performance of certain con- 

tracts, where one of the parties dies without discharging con- 
ti'acL Pa. 105, 2S Ap 


EBtatea of decedents and wards 


Probate of wills 

1790 TVilla may be probated without testimony of ■witnesses If ihey 
are dead, insane or removed to parts unknown. 

Kan. 313, 4 Mr 
1701 Notice of petition to supreme court for construction of will may 
' be served by publication on such number representing all pos- 
sible interests as court shall order. Mass. 3T3, 18 My 

1792 Cleneral taw confirming jurisdiction of probate courts over 

testamentary trusts and providing for tbelr administration. 
12p. , Mich. 253. 21 Je 

1793 Executor may witness in probating will. Amending R. S, '89 

589CB. Mo. p. 3U7, 19 My 

1794 Amending Code S2I55 relating to probate. H, C. 55, 10 P 
1780 Notice of bearing on petition for probate may be given by pub- 
lication or Jty posting and by mailing notices. Amending 
R. S. '98 83788. U. 19, 7 Mr 

1796 Contests of wills. Depositions in proof of will may be talcen 

when subscribing witnesses are dead, out of state, unable to 
attend court or presence not enforcible bu ordinary dvil subpmia. 
Amending '95, 107. Ind. 74, 24 F 

1797 Physician may testify as to mental and pbyaloal condition of 

deceased patient when personal representatives of deceased in 
open court or the attorneys of the parties before trial waive the 
provisions of the law forbidding such testimony. Amending 
C, C. P. 6836. N. T. 53, 8 Mr 

1798 Minor amendment to Code E2159 relating to transfers of wilt 

contests. H. C. 14, 2S Ja 

1790 Foreign wills. Repeating provision as to time of publication of 
notice of hearing on probate of foreign wills ('95, 51). 

Me. 65, 11 Mr 
Sxecutors, Administrators 

1800 Orautlng administration'. Surviving husband has first right to 

be administrator. Amending G. S. $4478. Minn. 149, 11 Ap 

1801 I'ime of taking oatb and giving bond of public administrator 

amended (R. S. '88 1296). Mo. p. 41, 11 My 

1802 Amending C. C. P. '95 12434 specifying persons not competent to 

serve as administrator. Mon. p. 137, 16 F 

1803 Letters testamentary may be granted regardless of date of death 

where deceased suffered loss from Indians or United States 
army. Amending R. S. '95 art 1880. Tex. 143, 25 My 

1804 Notice of hearing on petition for letters of administration may be 

given by publication, or by posting, and by mailing notices to 
helis. Amendhig R. S. '98 £3818. 17. 54, 9 Mr 


E>tfttw of dac«d«iita and ^r&rda 


1805 Souds. Comp«iiaatI<ai. Executors exempt b; will may perform 

ttU required auts [formerlr sell real estate] wtthotit bond. 
AmeDdlng B. S. ch. 64 {S; cb. 71 E4. Ke. 86, 16 Mr 

1806 Minor amendments to R. 3. 'EkS E3030 as to premiums on execu- 

tor's bonds. Wis. 351, 4 My 

1807 Appraisal of estate. Appraisers not to accept any reward except 

legal fee. Col. 36, 1 Mr 

1808 Clalma and action against estate. Court may correct affidavit 

to claim before final account Is filed; claims barred If not filed 
In three montht [formerly 60 days]; claims deemed refected [for- 
merly allowed] If not Indorsed within IS days after expiration 
of the time for filing; notice of rejectl6n of claim may be 
mailed to nonresident claim holder. Amending '97 ch. 106, 
tl08-9, 111. Not. 05, 16 Mr 

1808 Limiting time for bringing suit on claims against executors and 
administrators. Ct. 7, 15 Mr 

1810 Duties of administrator de txinis non concerning claims presented 

to executor or administrator. Ct. 176, 14 Je 

1811 Courts of probate may limit farther time for presentation of 

clalm& Ct 224, 20 Je 

1812 Generally amending B. S. ch. ST as to limitations of actions 

against executors and administrators. Me. 120, 17 Mr 

1813 Probate court may on application of administrator or executor 

of an InsolTeat examine any person whose claim has been 
allowed, summon any person to testify, and expunge claim tor 
fraud, illegality or mistake. Mass. 81, 15 F 

1814 On affidavit of no debts, time for filing claims against decedent's 

estate may be limited to three months. Amending G. S. £4509. 
twItiti. 82, 22 Mr 
1816 Presentment and allowance of demands against estates of de- 
ceased persona amended (R.S.'89 {183-4, 209-10, 213.) 

Mo. p. 38. 8 My 

1816 Notice of appointment of executor or administrator shall direct 

creditors to file claims with clerlt of court within three months. 
Amending '97 ch. 106 S108, 2T1. iNev. 95, 16 Mr 

1817 Exhibition of claim against estate of person deceased to l>e 

made within one [formerly two] year; no suit after tmo [form- 
erly three] years; exceptions. Amending P.S.'91 ch.191 {2, 4. 
H. H. 2, 7 F 

1818 Actions against executor or administrator In county conrta. 

Amending B. S. 'm S3S45. Wis. 5, 3 Mr 

1819 Correcting error In B. 8. '08 £3844 as to barring of claims against 

deceased. Wis. 351, 4 My 


EBtates of decedoi 


1880 Minor changes In It. S. '9S {2032 relating to costs wben ezecntors 

Are parties. Wla. 351, 4 Mj 

1821 Sale or mratgage of pr(^>ert7. Probate conrte ma^ llccnae aale 

of lands to pay debts of deceased wben estate's Interest [for- 

- meriy Y&lne of land] does not exceed tlOOO [formerly $500]. 

Amending 0. L. {8133. Ulcb. 235, 9 Je 

1825 Admlnlatrators may sell land for sctaoolbouse sites, subject to 

approval of coart ""fiTiTi 210, 13 Ap 

1823 Real estate of decedents maj be sold or mortgaged bj order of 
court; procedure. N. D. 110, 24 IT 

18S4 Notice of sale of real estate of decedent to be given by publica- 
tion, or by porting, and by mailing of notices to heirs and execu- 
tor. Amending R. 8. "98 83888. 17. 9, 2 Mr 
1886 Aeconnta. Administrators may settle damage caused by laying 
out'PuNIo road. Amending G. S. 94590^1. 3);iim.l96,lSAp 

1826 At every annual settlement, or at anp time thereafter, tbe court 

may ascertain the condition of tbe estate. Amending R. S. '80 
{226. Xo. p. 40, 15 MX 

1827 Hearing on account of executor or administrator not less [form- 

erly not more] than 10 days after filing. Amending '07 ch. 106 
8187. Xer. 95, 16 Mr 

1828 K!ae«illaii«oa« proceedings, etc. Suits may be brought by per- 

sons Interested in an estate In case of administrator or execu- 
tor claiming property betonging to estate of acquiescing In 
claim of others thereto. Ind. 220, 6 Mr 

182B Notices required by '97, 106 relating to settlements of estates 
may be given by county clerk without order from Judge. 

Hev. 8S, 4 Mr 

1830 Securities In which an executor of an estate may Invest. 

N. J. 103, 23 Ur 

1831 Executors and administrators may redeem real estate sold under 

decree or Judgment and nrny tiorrow money on mortgage to 
fund indebtedness. _ Or. p. 34, 15 O 'OS 

1838 Deposits in saving institutions Ijy nonresidents may be paid to 
administrator or executor appointed in place where decedent 
resided if none has been appointed In Vermont. Amending Vt 
8. {4086. Vt 6S, 16 N '96 

1883 DiBtritnttlon. Settlemant. (Bm oIm AcUona lor partiticm, ssm Ex- 
ecutors or administrators cum testament© annexe may apply to 
chancellor for trustee to receive the fond devised for life. 
Amending "Vr. 683. Del. 295. 9 Mr 

1834 Bmployers may pay to widow or minors of deceased employee 
irageq due not exceeding $100 wlthont administration. 

Oa. p. SI, 20 D W 


EatatM of deoedents and warda 


1835 B^ulatlng disposition of mining Interesta of decedenU. 

Amending R. S. '87 85499-503. Id. p. 377, 28 F 

1836 Allowance may lie made to widow or cblld out of real or per- 

sonal estate [formerly Income] In bands of special administra- 
tor appointed on account of pendency of petition concerning 
appointment of administrator. Amending P. S. ch. 130 S13. 

Kass. 311, 28 A? 

1837 KevUioD of laws as to distribution of estates. 

Mass. 479, 3 Je 

1838 When assets are InsulIlcleDt, expense of admlnlatratfon shall be 

paid from allowance to widow and minors If they have applied 
for appointment Amending G. B. 3447T. Hinn. 149, II Ap 

1S39 Wbere executor or admlnletrator has been discharged and final 
decree assigning residue not entered court may aSBlgn on 
petition. Amending G. S. ch. 45a. Minn. 343, 20 Ap 

1840 Certain sectloDS of R. S. '89 I2S2-69 relaUng to distribution ot 
estate of deceased person amended. Mo. p. 41, 11 My 

1S41 Objections to settlement of estates may be filed with clerk if 

court not in session at time set for bearing. . Amending '97, 106. 

Ner. 85, 4 Mr 

1842 Notice of hearing on petition for distribution to be personally 

serted on all interested, at least Jive days before time speHfkd, 
or puDlished at least three weeks in neicspoper. Amending '97 
ch. 106 S217. M-tfT. 95, 16 Mr 

1843 When a balance of an estate remains in bands of executor, claim- 

ants not appearing, it may be paid lato court; court's receipt a 
full discharge. N. J. 156, 24 Mr 

1844 Settlement of estates of decedents amended. Wash. 98, '97. 

Partly void. |2 requiring executor acting without the Interven- 
tlou of probate court to file luyentory within 30 days of passage 
of act and providing for settlement of estate by court, if Insol- 
vent, impairs vested rights. People v. Superior court, 57 P. 337.- 


(See also Truats. IT02: OrphauB, S606) 

1845 General law relating to guardians. 9p. Her. 55, 11 Mr 

1846 Appointmeint. Bonds. Court may insert In guardian's appoint- 

ment condition for eare and custody of minor's property. Amend- 
ing O. C. P. S1755. Cal. 3, 10 P 

1847 Guardians to file accounts In orphans* court; records; appeal. 

Amending R. S. ch. 78 S3. DeL 292, 16 Mr; 293, 16 Mr 

1848 County Judges may appoint guardians of person and property of 

Ineane. Fla. 59, 27 My 


Estates of decedents and wftrda 


1849 Minor's father or mother [formerly fatlier If living, or mother 
Willie she remained unmai'i'led] entitled to guardianship of 
minor. Amending E. S. '87 S5774. '97 p. 5S reenacted to correct 
iUegalily in passage. Id. p. 302, 18 F 

ISSO ProTlding for appointment of guardian for person on his own 
application. IT. H. 35, 7 Hr 

1851 EltUer father or mother may in lifetime of both, by will appoint 
the other guardian of child. Amending 'SG ch. 272 S&l. 

S. T. 159, 29 Mr 

1862 Authorising the appointment by surrogate of special guardians 
of infants Interested In transfer tax proceedings. Amending 
'07 Ch. 284 g232. N. Y. 672, 25 Mj 

1853 In actions for partition or foi-ecloaure and in all action* affecting 

title to realty or wftere infant is proper or neceuarv partv defendant, 
plaintiff win be entitled to order designating gnardian ad litem 
for Infant Amending R. C. '95 S5226. If. D. 06, 24 F • 

1854 On guardian's bond one [formerly two] corporation authorised to 

do business in state shall be sufficient; premium to be paid by 

guardian, not by estate. Amending '07, 54. T«x. 131, 23 Uy 
1865 Guardian shall give bond to countj/ court [formerly to minor]. 

Amending E. S. '98 53966. ' Wis, 351, 4 My 

18B6 Bale, mortgage and Igese of property. Court ma]' license sale 

of Insane wife's right of descent [formerly dower] In husband's 

real estate. Amending B. S. ch. 71 SI. He. 4, 10 F 

18S7 Guardian may be licensed to sell ward's realty to pay existing 

mortgages. Amending P. S. ch. 140 !1. Uass. 147, 14 Mr 

1SB8 Probate court may license sale of ward's land when estate therein 

[formerly value of land] does not exceed 5/000 [formerly $500]. 

Amending C. L. {9166. lUch. 236, 9 Je 

1859 Guardians may tease mineral lands under license from probate 

court. Hinn. 144, 11 Ap 

1860 Guardians may sell land for schoolhonse sites, subject to 

approval of court 'W)"", 210, 13 Ap 

1861 Guardians of minors and insane persons may, under dlrecUon of 

probate court, pay mortgages on homestead or real estate out 
of personal property. Mo. p. 222, 18 My 

1862 Lands of minors, lunatics, Insane and feeble-minded persona 

may, with consent of chancellor, be mortgaged for their sup- 
port and education. N. J. 212, 24 Mr 

1863 Real estate of minors or Incompetents may be sold or mortgaged 

by order of court; procedure. N. J>. 110, 24 F 

1864 Other procediire. Guardians may settle damage caused by lay- 
ing out public road. Amending G. S. £4590-91. 

Klnn. 100, 18 Ap 


Estates at dacedentB and warda 


1865 To remedy lack of repealing clause In C. S, '97 33237 relating to 

duty of guardians. Keb. 37, 7 Mr 

1866 To remedy lack of repealing clause in act C. S. '97 J324I-^ 

relating to proceedings against guardians. Nsb. 38, 7 Ur 

1867 DlBpoaitlon of money in amounts of less than $20 paid into court 

for Indigent children. N. C. 82, 13 P 

1868 Amending Ann. S. '99 ^7232 relating to legal reBtoration of per- 

sona adjudged Insane or mentally incompetent 8. D. 95, 24 F 

1899 Funds under S150 adjudged property of minora without regular 

or general guardian may be retained by conrt for minor's 

support or education. Tvnu. 177, 27 Mr 

1870 Tonlgn guardians. Duty of probate Judge amended as to 
' miHiey accruing in hla county to minor residing In anotber 

county. Amending Code '96 12389. Ala. p. 38, 23 F 

1871 Guardian by laws of any other state or country may sue or be 

sued In tbla atate. Ean. 144, 4 Mr 

1872 Guardiana of insane and Incompetent. Proceedings on applica- 

tion for appointment of conserratora slightly amended (G. L. '88 
g476). Ct 30, 80 Mr 

1873 Guardian of Insane married man may be authorized to release 

ward's eatate by curteay and rights ly Hatute. Amending . 
'86 ch.245. Kass. 284, 20 Ap 

1874 Probate judge abalt Inquire as to property of persona examined 

as to Insanity and appoint guardian when no friends likely 
to petition for appointment,- auch guardian to be governed by 
general laws. Minn. 44, 6 Mr 

1875 Demands against estate of Insane person to be preaented to pro- 

l>ate court within two years from notice of appointment ot 
guardian. Amending R. S. 'S8, 86. Ho. p. 227, 21 Mr 

1876 If no guardian for an Idiot baa been appointed by orpliana' court 

of county, chancellor of atate may appoint one. Amending 
74 Revision p. 323. N. J. 101, 22 Mr 

1877 Power of court to appoint special guardians of Incompetent per- 

sons amended (O. C. P. {2342). K. T. 360, 18 Ap 

1878 Gonservator of drunkard or spendthrift to be appointed; pro- 

visions relating to guardian and ward to apply wbere applic- 
able. IT. D. 66, 8 Mr 

1879 Amending powers of guardians appointed to care for property 

of feeble-minded. Amending '95 ch. 220 {6. Pa. 90, 28 Ap 

1880 Guardians of persons adjudged mentally Incompetent; care of 

members of family dependent on such person for support. 
Amending Vt 8. 82760. Vt 68, 17 N 'flft 


Admliilata«.tlcni of Jiutles 

1881 Gusrdlan ad litem to be appointed for Insane plaintiff, or de- 
fendant on application of friend In 30 days from service of 
Bmnmona Is etate or 60 days ont of state, or on application 
of an^Mke thereafter. Waab. 91, 18 Mr 

Administration of justice 

Practice of law 

(Bet 01*0 Attarn«T general, Kit; FreaecutlDS attonieTS, 2DBt-t7) 

1S82 Admlaalon to bar. Board of examiners In law to be appointed bf 
supreme conrt; fees. Amending '97 p. 86. Ga. p. 88, 19 D '9S 

1883 Submitting conatitutional Bmendment authorizing legislature to 

prescribe qaalificatlons for admission to bar. Tote SovetHber 
1600. Ind. 2GB, 22 F 

1884 General law regulating admission of attorneys. He. 138, 17 Mr 

1885 Board of six examiners created; appointed hy supreme court 

Vt. 157. 4 N '98 

1886 Bevlslon of law; state board of law examiners establlataed. 

W7. 28, 1« P 

1887 Applications for admission to practise law to be made to citv 

court [formerly to chancery, circuit or city court]. Amending 
'97 p. 1482. Ala. p. 61, 14 D "98 

1888 Examinations for bar by circuit Judge and [formerly or] two 

members of bar in open covrt at regular or special term; certifi- 
cate to i>e recorded. Amending R. S. S979. Fla. 84, 2 J« 

1888 Any [formerly any white male] citizen may be admitted to prac- 
tise law. Amending R, S. '87 £3990. '91 p. SS remaoted to cor- 
rect aiegaUty in passage. Id. p. 802, 18 F 

1890 Admission to bar ameaded bo as to exempt certain persons from 
rules of supreme court (E. S. '74 ch. 13 H). 111. p. 81. 21 F 
'99. Unconstitutional, because special legislation and because 
act of admitting to the bar is a judicial one and can not be ex- 
orcised by legislature. In re Day, 54 N. E. 646. 

1881 Sex no bar to practice of law. Ue. 98, 16 Mr 

1882 Graduates of any law school of good standing In state who have 

taken three years course may taice examination without study 

in attorney's office. Amending O. S. 86178. Hlnn. 60, 18 Mr 
1803 Enlarging the number of law schools, graduates of which are 

admitted without examination. Amending '97 p. 38. 

Ko. p. 43, 12 Ap 
1884 Minor amendments to '97 ch. 7 G4> H relating to the practice of 

lav. Neb. B, 22 Mr 


-AdminlBtration o£ Justice 


189Q Auj citizen of the state (formerly United States] poxsesslag 
neceseary <iuallfications entltlM to admission as attorney In aU 
courts. Amending '93 ch.* 3. Wev. 18, 28 F 

1896 Oath or afflrmatloti to be filed by persona heretofore admitted to 

pracHse law amended; official register of attorneys and coun- 
selors at law to l>e printed. Amending '98 ch. 165 |1, 4, 5. 

N. Y. 225, 3 Ap 

1897 HiscelUneoas. Attorneys may be removed or suspended from 

practice for habitual Intemperance. Amending B. S. '87 H(XI2. 

"97 p. 55 reenacted to correct illegality in passage. Id. p. 302, 18 F 

1808 Bevocatlon of attorney's license constitutes forfeiture of office as 

attorney. Amending E. C. '95 S432. K. D. 105, 15 F 

1899 Supreme court only may suspend an attorney, or revoke his 

Ucense. Amending Ann. S. '99 |731, 732. S. D. 49, 6 Mr 

1900 Attorney's Hen upon client's cause of action amended; court may 

enforce lien. C. C. P. S66. H. T. 61, 9 Mr 

1901 Plaintiff's attorney has lien on right of action from time of filing 

suit or date of employment. If record shows such employment 

Tenn. 243, 13 Ap 

190iZ Unless pardoned by govemor or president, a man who has been - 

convicted of an Infamous crime not to practise as attorney. 

Repealing C. It. '97 §3777. N. M. 35, 11 Mr 

1803 Unlavful for one not admitted to practice of law to advertise 

himself as lawyer. Pa. 95. 28 Ap 

(Procedure even lb iDgh peculiar to special cauns Is glysn according lo ita subject matter 
lu dTlland crlmlaal procedure, TbenaniesaDd geaerat organ izations of courts var; greatly 
In different gtatea. Courts are bere grouped according lo actual Jurlgdictlon, The precise 
namee of the eourla are preser red In entries and subordinate headings) 

1904 General. (Provisions applTing to two or more kinds or courts) Creating 

office of supernumerary judge; elected for term of six 
years to hold circuit or chancery courts when Judges or chan- 
cellors fall to attend. Ala. p. 236, 20 F 

1905 Submitting constitutional amendment reorganizing X^*^''^'^ ^^' 

partment, establishing three district courts of appeal, with final 
jurisdiction In certain cases except when confiietlng with former 
decisions. 6p. Vote November 1900. Cal. j. r. 37, 18 Mr 

1906 Providing for payment of Incidental expenses of court of general 

sessions, superior court and court of chancery. Amending '91, 
254. Del. 298, 9 Mr 

1007 Expenses to be paid district judges and supreme court justices 
amended {R. S. '87 §6146-50). '9S p. 66 reenacted to correct ille- 
galily in passage. Id. p. 181, 9 F 


Administration of Ju«tlc« 


1808 Glt7 judges may iDtercbaage witb each other and with circuit, 
superior, oounti/ and probate judges. Amending B. S. '9T cli. S7 
S245. m p. 130, 21 Ap 

1909 Justice of supreme or superior court after 10 'years consecutive 

service In eitlier or both courts may retire at 70 years on tlire&- 
fourtbs pay,; or if Incapacitated, at 60 years, after 15 years sei^ 
vice, on approval of governor and council Uass. 310, 28 Ap 

1910 Submitting constitutional amendment: judges of supreme and 

district courts and chancellor of chancery court to be elected 
[formerly appointed by governor with consent of senate] ; term 
of supreme court Judges eight [formerly nine] years. Bubmitted 
November 1S99 fruf tole has not been canvassed. 

Hiss. S3, 29 Ja '98 

1911 Fixing time of boldlng supreme and district courts. 

2f . K. 4, 4 F 

1912 Vacancies in supreme or superior courts to be filled for unespired 

term at next general election. N. C. UlS, 7 Mr 

1913 Term of court to be extended Into next term when necessary to 

to dispose of case on trial by court or jury. Tenn. 40, 1 Ap 

Bnpxema coorts.a Appellate courts 

1914 Organization. New supreme court commission to succeed 

present; term two years. Cal. 14, 17 F 

1916 Supreme court may fix terms of Its sessions; salaries of officers 
and employees of court. '90-Dl p.ll; '93 p.63 reenacted to 
coi-rect Ulei/alUy in paseage. Id. p. 6, 2 F 

1916 Submitting constitutional amendment fixing number of supreme 
court judges at not less than five nor more than 11 [formerly 
three to five]. Tote November 1900. Ind. 260, 28 F 

1817 Submitting constitutional amendment: supreme court to consist of 
seuen [formerly three] justices; not all cases to be heard by 
whole court, but in that case concurrence of four justices neces- 
sary. Vote 1300. Kan. 314, 4 Ur 

1918 Each supreme court justice may spend flOOO [formerly $S00] for 

clerical help; appropriation $5000 [formerly $4000]. Amend- 
ing C. L. S233, 236. Mich. 271, 23 Je 

1919 Submitting constitutional amendment permitting remaining jus- 

tices, in case any justice is disqualified, to call on district Judges 
to assist in particular case. Uont. p. 57, '07. Vnoonstitutional, 
Not entered in full on Journals of legislature before submission 
to people. Durfee v. Harper, 56 P. 682. 

aincluding ODly tboie bEgbeit lu etat and at whatever name — thus hailne "court o( 
appeals" of New York but not Its "supreme court." In Now York, New Jerspr aofl elsewhere 
(be "supreme court" 1b a district court and is classed below. Tbe court of appeals In Hew 
York, New Jersey, Eenluckr and Marylaod [a the blgheit court, but In Colorado, Kaiuai, 
HisBOurl and Texas It Is subordinate to the lupreme court. 

,. Google 

Administration of JusUce 


1020 Sabmlttlng coneatutlonal amendment providing that district 
Judges ma; be called on to act In a canse In place of encb 
Bapreme court justices as are disqualified to act Vote Ifovem- 
ber 1900. Hon. p. 152, 7 Mr 

1981 Supreme court Judgee to receive personal expenses in addition 
to salary. N. H. 07, 10 Mr 

1928 Fixing compensation of special Judges of court of errors and 
appeals. Amending R. S. 1874 p. 118. K. J. 125, 23 Mr 

1983 Submitting constitutional amendment: \Fben majority of Judges 
of court of appeals certify to necessity, governor to designate 
four Justices of tlje supreme court to serve temporarily as 
associate Judges; no more than seven judges to ait In any case. 
Adopted Sovtnaer 1899. S. 7. p. 1603, % Ap 

1924 Submitting constitutional amendment increasing judges of 
supreme court to five [formerly three]. Tote June 1900. 

Or. p. 143, IS F 

1926 dark. Clerk to appoint chief deputy; salary |2400. Amending 
■ P. C. §751, 75S. Cal. 103-4, 20 Mr 

1986 Record of every original cause In supreme court to be made by 
clerk, unless hoth paiiiea agree that none ehall he made. Amend' 
Ing C. S. '97 E6197. Neh. 86, 24 Mr 

19)27 Clerk and deputies to be paid salarj/ [formerly fees]; fixing fees 

to be paid by litigants. Repealing Ann. L. '87 §3338; '89 p. 4 g2. 

Or.p. 167, 18 P 

1988 Repealing certain acts relating to fees of clerics. Pk. 27, 4 Ap 

1989 Beportu. Salary of supreme court reporter tSOOO [formerly 

$2000]. Klnn. 270, 18 Ap 

1930 Office of reporter abolished; justices of the court to report cases. 

Repealing certain sections of P. C. '05 ch. 6 art. 2. 

Hon. p. 72, 10 Mr 

1931 Salary of reporter $1500 [formerly $300]; no extra compensation 

for stenographers or proof readers. Repealing '97, 138. 

S. D. 164, 28 F 
1938 Additional help for reporter authorized; expense $1000. 

Wis. 328, 3 My 

1933 Other employees. Each Judge of supreme court allowed a pri-' 

vate secretary; salary, S2000. Amending R, S. '97 ch. 37 817a; 
'95 p. 148. 111. p. 138, 17 Ap 

1934 Supreme court may appoint necessary clerical assistants for jus- 

tices. Or. p. 4, F 

1935 Tonus. Term of supreme court to begin second Mondav [for- 

merly Tuesday] in November. Amending Code '96 (3828. 

Ala. p._46, 21 F 


AdmlnlfltntltnL of joatlM 

1836 Session to be held in Fargo in March, in Grand Forks in Beptemherj 
tn Bismarck. In April and October; all appeals, motions and 
hearings except for admission to bar to b,e heard at Bismarck 
unless written notice be filed 20 days before term. 

N. D. 153, 5 Mr 

1B37 Court to convene on second Mondays of February [formerly Jan- 
nary] May and October [formerly September]. Amending 
Ing E. S. '98 S668. V. Tt, 20 Mr 

1B38 Time of holding supreme court Vt. 38, 31 O "98 

1B39 B«porta. , Reducing price of supreme court reports from $2 to 
31.50 a volume. Amending Code 83636. IT. 0. 37, 26 Ja, 

1940 Amending distribution of reports (Code S3635). N. C. 667, 8 Mr 

IMI Amending Ann. S. '98 J62S, 6S0, 6S2 relating to contract for print* 
Ing reports. B. D. 122, 6 Hr 

1042 Appellate courta. Jurisdiction of court of appeals amended ("91 
p. 118 S4, 15). Col. 92, 24 Mr 

1843 Fixing time and i^ace of holding appellate coui^. Amending 
'81 p. 64; see B. 8. '97 ch. 37 £19. HI. p. 128, 22 Ap 

1944 Existence of appellate court extended to Mar 1, 190S [formerly 
Jan. 1, 1900] ; elections. Amending '97 ch. 8. Ind. 22. 7 P 

104B Authorizing any division of court of appeals to transfer to anj 
other division of same department such cases as will accelerate 
early hearing of all cases. Kan. 120, 2 Ur 

1646 Submitting constitutional amendment creating Intermediate court 
between circuit and supreme court to have such JtirisActlou 
as law may prescribe. Rejected hy the people AprU 1899. 

Slch. ]. r. 6 

1947 Olerk of appellate court to preserve at least one copy of abstracts 

and briefs [fornferly and hind them annually with an Index]. 
Amending B. S. '89 S22S3. Ho. p. 109, 3 3e 

1948 Submitting constttutlonal amendment providing that governor 

may designate additional Justices to serve la appellate division 

of supreme court If their necessity is certified to by presiding 

Jnstice of any division. Adopted November 1899. 

K. T. p. 1560, 12 Ap 
1646 Expense of printing calendars for terms of appellate division of 

supreme court to be a charge on »tate [formerly county]. 

Amending C. C. P. {20. TX. Y. 523, 5 My 

Ctrctilt ootiTts 

1850 Turisdlctloii. Fractlce. Terms. Dividing state Into Judicial 

circuits aud chancery districts and fixing times of holding 

courts. I«m. 427, 22 Ap 

agnized byGoOgIc 

Adzojnlatration. of ]ustlc« 


1951 Before salary Is allowed, circuit Judge must swear that no case 

remains andeclded 90 days after aubmiaalon, exclusive of time 
actually disabled by sickness. Wis. 107, 30 Mr 

1952 Judges. Circuit Judge reduced to half pay while his place Is 

filled by special Judge. Ala, Code §930, '96. Uiwonatitutional. 
Violates provision forbidding ditulDution of Judges' ealarles 
during term of office. Wblte t>. State. 20 So. 343. 

1953 Submitting constltutlonai amendment permitting legislature to 

provide additional circuit Judges in St Clair county. Adopted 
by the people AprU 1899. . Mlcb. J. r. 3, 7 Mr 

1954 Offlc«rs. Cleorks. Each circuit Judge assigned to duty In any 

branch or district of appellate court allowed one clerk. 

m. p. 128, 17 Ap 
I96S Revising and reclassifying fees of circuit court clerks. Amend- 
ing B. S. '97 ch. 63 614. . ' Til. p. 217. 24 Ap 

1956 Duties of circuit court reporters amended ('89 p. 142). 

Or. p. 230, 2^ P 
Blstrlet courts 

1957 Jurisdiction. Terms. Fixing Judicial districts and times of 

holding district courts. Arl. 11, 24 F 

1968 Terms of district courts amended (C. C. P. '87 ch. 3 t. 1). '90-91 

p. 4 reenacted to correct UlegaUtti in passage. Id, p. 3. 2 F 

1959 May hold adjourned or special terms outside county seats. 

Amending '97, 361. Sinn. 233, 20 Mr 

1960 Ameadlng several sections of '98, 228 concerning district courts. 

N. T. 211, 24 Ur 

1961 Repealing '97 ch. 27 86 allowing adjournment of any term on 

request of county commissioners. Wy. 75, 21 F 

1962 Judges. Salary of Judge in counties of 100,000, $5000 [formerly 

$351)01. - Minn. 134, 7 Ap 

1963 Amending '97 ch. 66 |4 apportioning county taxes for district 

Judges' salary fund. Nev. 98. 16 Mr 

1964 Officers. Amending C. S. '97 13089 relating to fees of clerk of dis- 

trict court; it the fees exceed a certain amount, graded bff popula- 
tion, such excess to be paid into county treasury. Neb. 31, 3 Ap 

1965 In appeals, clerk of district court shall, on payment of Ms fees, send 

transcript of records to supreme court. N. H. 80, 16 Mr 

1966 General act fixing salary of clerk of district court, providing for 

deputies whenever commissioners deem necessary and fixing 
court fees. Repealing R. C. '95 S2061-G7. K. D. 64. 8 Mr 

1967 Compensation of triers In district court $5 to $10 a day, to be 

fixed by court Hiun. 23, 18 Mr 


AdmlnlfltTRtlon of Justice 

8UHUAB7 or LKQiaLATIOK, 1899 159 

1068 BepealiDg '72, 72 autborlzlDg dietrlct Judges to appolat conrt com- 
mteslooers. Nov. 105, 20 Mr 

1089 Same person can not act as district court commissioner and clerk 
of court; commissioner not to act as attorney in case before 
himself; clerk not to act as attorney Id court of whicb lie Is 
clerk. " Wy. 53, 18 F 

1870 Duties and compensation of stenograpble reporters of district 
courts amended ('89 p. 25). '90-91 p. 233; '95 p. 69 reenaeted 
to correct illegality in passage. Id. p. 163, 9 F 

1971 Judges In districts containing no cities over 50,000 may each 

appoint one court reporter; salary |S0O to $1500. 

IClniL. 141, 11 Ap 

1972 Generally amendiag E. S. '98 §721-28 relating to stenograpbers 

for district courts. V. T2, 9 Mr 

Other Intermediate courts 

1073 Superior court. Submitting coDstltutlonal amendment making 

entire [formerly balf] salaries of Judges of superior court pay- 
able by state and autborizing eacb Judge to appoint court 
stenographer. Tote November 1900. Cal. J. r. 36, 18 Mr 

1074 To appoint clerks and assistant clerks for the court; term; salary; 

fees to be turned over to state; bonds. Ct. 214, 20 Je 

1075 Submitting constitutional amendmept for election of Judges of 

superior court by people [formerly general assembly]. Adopted 
1898. Qa. p. 16. 21 D '97 

1076 Jurlsdictloni amended; other amendment to '95, 128 relating to 

superior court Pa. 144. 5 My 

1977 Supreme conrt. Submitting constitutional amendment providing 
that Baltimore may increase salary of Judges of supreme bench 
of Baltimore. Rejected "November 1899. Md. 193, 9 Ap '98 

1878 Referring to next legislature constitutional amendment proTlding 
for election of three additional Justices of supreme court in 
second Judicial district. K. T. p. 1599, 5 Ap 

1878 Chancery court. Autborizing the holding of adjourned terms of 
chancery courts. Ala. p. 84, 3 F 

1080 Oounty courts. County Judges may Interchange with each other 
and perform eacb others duties. Col. 01, 1 Mr 

1881 During disability of county or probate Judge the clerk of court 
shall designate county or probate Judge to hold court Amend- 
ing K S. '97 ch. 37 S239a. JU. p. 130, 24 Ap 

1&8& A railroad corporation any portion of whose road la within a 
county, la subject to Jurisdiction of court of that county. 
Amending C. C. P. 534. N. T. 320, 17 Ap 


Admlmlstratloii of Juatlott 


1883 Salary of special deputy clerks appointed by connty clerks In ' 
counties ot 130,000 amended (C. C, P. S89). N. T. 604. 16 My 

1984 Salary of judges of courts of Increased jurisdiction In countiee of 
less than 18,000, flOOO [formerly f2000] a year. Amending 
B. C. '96 S6616. N. D. 62, S Mr 

1B86 Fixing salary ot connty judge according to asseaaed valuation 
[formerly p<^ulation]. N, D. 68, « Mr • 

1086 County commiaslonei-s to fix number and compensation of 
deputies or clerks lu county judge's office. Amending K. C. '95 
S2069. N. d: 68, 7 Mr 

1987 Clerks In counties of 90,000 may, appoint one additional deputy; 

salary $1200. Amending '97, 124. Teim. 202, 5 Ap 

1988 Time of boldlng connty courts. Vt. 36, 31 O '98 
1089 When vacancy occurs In office of county Judge, election shall be 

held on first Tuesday of April next following; governor's ap- 
pointee to hold tUl first Mondav of June [formerly during residue 
of term]. Amendhig B. S. '98 i94s, 2441. Wis. 7, 3 Mr 

19D0 Expenses of cOunty judge holding court out of hl9 county to be 
paid by county where he holds court Amending B. S. *93 
S2450. Wis. 49, 23 Mr 

1991 County court deemed open always [formerly when previous notice 
to Interested persons not required]. Amending B. S. '98 (2449. 
Wis. 160, 12 Ap 
JoattcA of the peacs 

1909 G«m«ral Jmisdlctt<m. Justice has criminal jurisdiction In ease 
punishable by not over tSOO [formerly f 100) or »ta [formerly 
three] months. Fla. 68, 11 My 

1903 Justices outside of city wherein is a city court not to have juris- 
diction over cases In which defendant lives In anch city. 
Amending O. S. '97 ch.l03 £19. Ean. 93, 4 Mr 

1094 Jurisdiction amended ("94. 338)'; inay try cases of petit larceny. 
MA. 128, '06. Vnconstitutional as to cases of petit larceny; de- 
prives the accused of jury trial. Danner v. State, 42 A. 966. 

1D9S Every Justice shall have Jurisdiction In all cases where the de- 
fendant or garnishee Is an Insurance company not Incorporated 
by or organized in this state. Amending B. S. '89 S612S. 

Mo. p. 269, 17 My 

1996 Justices not to hold court In a room [formerly building] In which 
llqnors are sold. Amending C. 0. P. {2868. N. T. lOS, 21 Mr 

199T Justice may bave his office and transact business on fair grounds 
In hiB county during fair. Fa. 23, 3 Ap 

1998 Civil Jurisdiction of justices' courts slightly amended (E. S. '98 
1688). V. 18, 8 Mr 


AdmlnlstratloB of Jiudca 
' SDHUARY or LSOISLATJOIl, 1899 161 

1980 Appolutmaut. Jaatlces elected first Saturday la DeeemDer [for- 
merly Jftnoary]. Amending Code '95 SlOl. ' Qa. p. 42, 7 D '98 

2000 Nnmber of justices not to exceed two Iformerly three] for each 

township ana one [rormerly two] additional for each Incor- 
porated town; not more than five in cities of 100,000; county 
commlasloners to deelsnate places of holding office In such 
GitleB. Amending R. 8. '94 {1486. Ind. 5e, 22 F 

2001 ProTlding for two (formerly three] JmticeB In cities of 26,000 to 

100,000 [formerly 80,000]. Amending C.S.'97 S290a 

Neb. 2S, 4 Ap 

2005 Appointment of magistrates slightly amended C&7 ch.287 !8). 

8. C. 11. 3 Mr 

2003 Increasing the number of Justices In counties of 20,000. 

S. J>. 107, 4 P 

2004 Jnstlce to give one bond for entire term tformerly renewed bi- 

ennially]. Amending '71, 87. Tenn. 29, 27 Mr 

2009 P«ee. Salary. MlsoeUaneouB. Jaetlces to collect docket fee In 

every case, to be paid over to township treasury. Amending 

B. B. '94 n041. Ind. 57, 22 F 

2006 Township trustee to collect docket fees from Justices quarterly 

and in cities of 100,000 to pay justices' salaries quarterly. 
Amending R. S. '94 $8072. Ind. 71, 22 F 

2007 Kemoring limitation of fees of Justices. Bepealtng '97 ch.l5 E45. 

bU. 14, 23 F 

2008 Regulating fees of justices in vagrancy cases. Pa. 73, 28 Ap 

2009 Justices to surrender certain papers etc. to successors in office; 

penalti/. Amending B.S.'87 pt3 tl2 cb.ll. Id. p.401, 6 Mr 

2010 Justice's docket, three years after last Judgment rendered, to be 

deposited with clerk of circuit court, who la authorized to 
Issue execution where none already Issued. Amending R.S.'94 
{1495. Ind. re, 22 F 

2011 County courts may provide blank dockets to justices whose Juris- 

diction lies In townships of less tban 10,000. Amending R.S.'Sd 
ch.94 arts. Ko. p. 270, 1 My 

2012 Justices' civil docket book to be furnished by town. Amending 

C. C. P. S3140. N. T. 221, 1 Ap 
Mnidolpal and police courts, (includes provlsloiiB relating to lustlces ol the 

peaca in munlcli>al[tles) 

2013 Htmlclpal and city courts. Magistrates to be allowed iOc [for- 

merly 30c] a folio for taking testimony In preliminary examina- 
tions in certain cases. Amending lUS. '87 £7S2S. 

Id. p. 433, 13 Mr 

2014 Municipal and police courts bave no civil jorledlctioa unless 

defendant resides in county. He. 66, 11 Mr 


Admlniate&tloit of Justice 


201S Municipal and police courts and tMal JuBtlces have JuriBdIcUon 
In cases for defrauding innkeeperB not over f20. Amending 
'95 ch. 119 S2. U«. 88, 16 Mr 

2018 Term of mnnlclpal Judge four [formerly three] years. Amending 
'95, 229. Minn. 127, 3 Ap 

2017 In all cities bavlng municipal courts special judges shall be 
elected to act at request of regular Judge, oi' mayor In case of 
alckneas or abseuccs; costs revised. Amending '95, 229. 

Minn. 2n, 18 Ap 

S018 Wben village municipal Judge is disqualified, council shall appoint 
attorney agreed on by nil parties; otberrcise Judge shall 
appoint. Amending '9T, 237. Minn. 289, 19 Ap 

201B One district court to be established in each city of from S0,000 
(formerly 15,000] to 100,000 and In tlwge of lesi than 20.009 adopt- 
ing act icithin three montlis. Amending '77, 150. H. J. 4, '98. 
UnconsHtutitmal as to cities of less than 20.000 adopting act 
within three months; not a proper basis of classification. 
De Hart v. Atlantic City, 43 A. 742. 

2020 District courts may be established, by vote, In cities of less than 
20,000; salaries of Judges and clerks in such cities to be flxeiS 
by city council. Amending 'm ch. 228 Jl, 6, 8. 

H. J. 91, 22 Mr 

S021 Regulating fees of magistrates and aldermen in vagrancy cases. 

Pa. 73, 28 Ap 

93022 Corporation courts created for all cities, towns and villages; Juris- 
diction In criminal cases under ordinances, and concurrent 
Jurisdiction with Justices in state cases punishable by fine of 
$200 or less. Tex. 33, 22 Mr 

SKI23 Common council In cities under 150,000 having no police court 
may fix fees of officers and magistrates in prosecuting viola- 
tions of ordinances. Amending R.S.'9S §925 subdiv.02. 

Wis. 84, 30 Mr 

S024 Police courts. Providing for police Judge for cities of metropoli- 
tan class over 80,000. Amending C. S. '97 £2908. 

Neb. 24, 4 Ap 

202S Cities over 20,000 and precincts partly within and without to 
elect two Justices, attorneys admitted to supreme court, and ' 
one constable; mayor to appoint one of the two as police Jus- 
tice, process to run through state. Wash. 85, 13 Mr 

2086 Justices. Uiscellaneous. One Justice for each city or town of 
10,000 to 30,000 [formerly 15,000 to 34,000]; two for each city 
or town of over SO.OOO [formerly 34.000 to 100,000]; salary 
$2000; Jurisdiction In violations of ordinances. Amending 
C.C.P. itoa CaL 73, 10 Mr 


AdminlstratiaD of jnstlM 


:S037 Saiarj of juatlees In cities of 100,000, ?2000 Ifonnerly leeg]. 
Amending H. S. '94 S1641. ImL 57, 22 F 

2028 Justices in townships having cities of 35,000 to 60,000; salary 

51000. Ind. 222, 6 Mr 

3029 Justices in certain cities of 15,000 to 35,000 to receive salarj/ 

[formerly fees]. Amending B, S. '89 65005, Ko. p. 215, 15 My 

"3030 Iq cities of 300,000 when the business of Justice court csceeds 
2200 [formerly 2000] cases annually, there shall be established 
two justice courts [formerly the clerk appointed a deputy clerk]. 
Amending '91 p.l75; '97 p.l42. Mo. p. 268, 29 Ap 

SOSI Creating office of clerk la Justices' conrts In cities of 50,000; ap- 
pointment; daties. Or, p. 73, 17 F 

Court officers 

(For Bpeclflc duties coDBUlt lodex) 

S032 fees. Clerks, masters in chancery and other officers not to be 
required to account for fees collected for preparing pension 
papers. Amending '97, 124, Tex. 165, 7 Ap 

2033 Peace officers— genial. Deputies, marshals, constables and 
other peace officers to be citizens of state. '90-91 p. 15 reeiuKted 
to correct tilegalUy in passage. Id. p. 9, 2 F 

'2034 Amending '98, 497 relating to appointment of peace officers with 
jurisdiction within industrial communities of over 100. 

S. C. 45, 15 F 

2035 Verbal correction In R. S. "98 6888 relative to peace officers of 

villages. Wia. 351. 4 My 

2036 Fees of sheriffs, marshals and other officers in criminal cases 

amended <R.S.'98 64990). Ho. p.211, 24 My 

2037 Fees of constable or sherllT for arrest of person under bond to 

appear. Vt. 43, 19 N '98 

'2038 Sheriff and constables may t>e paid for parsulng escaped prisoner 

charged with any criminal o]Jense [formerly felony]. Amende 

Ing R. S. '98 6731, 843. Wia. 351, 4 My 

2030 Sheriffs. Fees for removing prisoners amended (Code '96 64566); 

duty as to ohtainlng and indorsing a removal order. 

Ala. p. 57, 15 F 

2040 Judge of county court may approve sherifTs bond in vacation. 

Amending Digest '94 66560. Ark. 44, 9 Mr 

2041 Appointment of deputy sheriff to be approved by county court 

or judge iit cocotton. Amending Digest '94 67156. 

Ark. 171, 8 My 

:S042 Fixing fee for sale of property under execution to plaintiff. 

Amending '03, 87. ArL 57, 16 Ur 


Admluiatxatlon of Justice 


8043 Amending number of deputy aberlffa In countlea ('96, 140). 

Ct 2, 15 Mr- 

8044 Amending R. 8. '93 cli.24 j9, 10 relating to sherirs bond. 

Del. 202. 16 F 

2045 Sheriff's feei Increased to eoTer cost of United States revenue 

stamps required on land titles. Amending Code '95 S5401. 

Ga. p. 58, 21 D '98 

2046 Fee for summoning witness In criminal case 50c. Amending 

Code '95 V. 3 51107. Oa. p. 62. 21 D '98 

2047 Sllgbtlj' amending R. S. cta.80 S2 as to filing sherlETs bond.. 

Ue. 72, 15 Mr 

2048 Slieriffs not to appoint nonresident deputies. ' Ko. p. 167, 29 Ap 
204B Amending fees Cor transporting prisoners ('98 {192, 237). 

N. J. 79. 22 Mr 

2050 Amending compensation of sberlffs ('97 ch.60 110), 

N. M. 5, 4 F 

2051 Bepealing O. L, '97 §739 prohibiting aberlfCs from succeedlr^ 

tliemselves In office, W. M. 43, 15 Mr 

2052 Amending duties of sheriffs (Code §2079). N. C. 25, 31 Ja 
8058 Fees and commiaalona amended slightly (R. S. '98 S974) 

U- 18. 6 Mr 
2054 Duties of sheriff amended (R.S.'9S S599). IT. 49, 9 Mr 

8065 Bailiffs. In counties having criminal or superior courts, Judge of 

each court may appoint one bailiff and fix salary, not to exceed 

$75 a month. Ind. 83. 24 F 

2O06 Judge of criminal, circuit or superior court may appoint bailiff 

at S2 a day. Ind. 112, 28 F 

2067 Supreme court bailiff [formerly sheriff of Ormsby county] to be- 

appointed by Judges; salary $150 [formerly ?5 a day]. 

Nev. 41, 6 Mr 
2058 Amending appointment, duties and salary of sergeant-at-arma In 

court of common pleas etc. ('89, 46). ■ N. J. 203. 24 Mr 

2060 Salary of supreme court ballff SSOO [formerly $3 a day]. Amend- 

Ing '90-91, 50. Wy. 32. 16 F 

8060 ConstabloB. Conatable's fees: for serving criminal warrant, $1; 

for taking prisoner to Jail, $1; mileage over seven miles, 5c & 
mile. Ark. 190, 8 My 

8061 Office of constable la vacant If person elected fails to file bond. 

Ct. 133, 31 My 
2062 Constables elected flrat Saturday in December [formerly January]. 

Amending Code '95 S105. Oa. p. 43, 22 D '98- 

8063 Constables In certain cities of 15,000 to 36,000 to receive salary 

[formerly feeal. Amending R. S. '89 §4997. Ho. p. 214, 15 My 


AdminlstratioTi of jiistlcs 

BUMMABX Off LBQiaiiATION, 18d9 165 

2064 Appoiatment of deputy constables in cities of 300,000 amended 

('91 p.175). Mo. p.269, 29 Ap 

2065 In a township where there U no dulv elected constable a justice of 

the peace may, on request, appoint special constables. Amend- 
ing C. C. P.'95 S1688. Hon. p. 138, 28 F 
8066 Providing for ttco [formerly tbree] constables In cities of 25,01)0 
- to 100,000 (formerly 80,000]. Amending O.S. '97 S2908. 

Web. 25. 4 Ap 
2067 Constables attending prisoners under examination befofe justice 
of the peace to be allowed fee of SOc. Amending '98, 237. 

H. J. 22, 13 Mr 

2066 Fising number of constables In each township, term of office and 

oath. Amending R. S. '46 p.850; repealing '84. 130; '80, 196; '84, 
18. W. J. 172. 24 Mr 

2069 Regulating constables' fees. - Fa. 1, 17 F 

2070 Fees for making returns to court and for attending elections, to 

be paid by counties. Pa. io, 6 Ap 

8071 County commissioners may deduct from'salary of constable cer- 
tain amounts paid other persons for services usually performed 
by constable. S. C. 6, 15 F 

2078 Clerks of courts. Fee for writ of review So [formerly 40c]. 
Amending P. S. ch.l99 S4. Kaas. 91, 17 F 

2073 Minor amendment to '98. 238 as to extra clerks for clerks of 

courts, Kass. 350, 9 My 

2074 Blanks of sheriffs, constables and justices of the peace [formerly 

clerks- of district and supreme courts also] to be prepared at 
theh: expense. Amending C. L. '97 S1D27. N. IK. 45. 15 Mr 

2075 Begulatlng fees of clerks for recording papers; fees In criminal 

cases abolished and salaries fixed; certain counties excepted. 

S. C. 30, 3 Mr 

2076 Stenographers. Judge of certain minor courts may call In 

sl^nograpber when necessary; compensation. Ot. ISO. 9 Je. 

2077 Kevision of law concerning shorthand court reporters. 

Ind. 169, 3 Mr 

2078 Amending law relative to appointment of stenograpber (or grand 

. Jury ('85, 348; '94, 82; '95, 661; '97, 25; '99, 45). N. T. 516, 4 My 
2070 Amending compensation of court stenographers ('95 ch.48 |2). 

Okl. 31. 10 Mr 

8080 Each court of civil appeals may [formerly shall] employ stenog- 

rapher Kho shall also be a typetortter; salary $600 [formerly 

$1200] bond $2000 [formerly {5000]. Amending R.S.'96 art.1012. 

Tax. 78, 17 Ap 

8081 ]^tarpr«t«rs. City and police courts may, in criminal actions, 

employ Interpreter; compensation. Ct. 33, 30 Mr 


Admlnistratioa of Jiifltlc« 


2082 An Interpreter of Follsh and Russian languages may, In counties 

of 150,000, be appointed to serve certain courts. 

N. J. 159, 24 Mr 

2083 County attorney. Qualtflcations, powers and duties. Bemact- 

ing icith minor amendment, '90-91 p.i6, uneongtttutwnal on ao- 
count of illegality in passage. Id. p. 24, 2 F 

2084 County attorney allowed $1200 for clerk hire in counties of 100,000 

to 185,000. Kinn. 81, 22 Mr 

2085 eounty attorneys in counties under 28,000 whose ealary is fixed 

by law at $700 or less may be granted $300 additional. 

Hinn. 131, 5 Ap . 

2086 Four assistant county attorneys in counties of 200,000; salariea 

$100 to $200 a month. Minn. 200, 13 Ap 

2087 Prosecutor to pay cost in certain proceedings before josUces in 

misdemeanors. Amending R.S.'89 84358. Ko. p.l74, 9 My 

8088 Duty of county prosecuting attorney amended (R. S. '89 S43ftl). 

Ho. p. ITS, 29 My 

2089 Amending P. C. "95 S4460 relating to duties of county attorney. 

Von. p. 76, 20 F 

2090 Amending C. S. '97 S608, 606 relating to duties and salary of 

county attorneys. Neb. 6, 22 Mr 

2091 State's attorney. Salary of attorney based on assessed valuation 

[formerly population] ; aasiataut allowed, salary flsed by com- 
mlBsionere. Amending R. C. '96 i20SS. N. D. 149, 6 Mr 

2092 District attoroey. Term to be four [formerly two] years; salary 
, amended. Ann. K '87 §2301, 2304. Or. p. 184, 18 F 

2093 To prosecute criminal cases removed to inferior federal courts; to 

cooperate In all suits in which attorney general is required to 
appear. Tenn. 271, 22 Ap 

2094 Prosecutor shail [formerly mayl be taxed coata of frivolous 

prosecution. Amending Code '96 §7611. Teem. 367, 22 Ap 

2095 Salary of assistant district attorney general Id counties of 106,000, 

$1800. Amending '97. 34. T«m. 384, 22 Ap 

2096 Offlceof district attorney created; elected for tour years; quallfl- 

catlons; duties; salary. U. 66, 9 Hr 

2097 Solicitors general. SubmittlDg constitutional amendment for 

election of solicitors general Im people of whole state [formerly 
general assembly]. Adopted 1S98. Ga, p. 16, 21 D '87 

2098 Ifotaries public. Term four [formerly two] years. Amending 

P. C. S793. Cal. 13, 16 F 

S009 Women over 21 eligible. Fla. 81, 2 Je 

2100 Notary pnbllc to append date of expiration of hta commission to 

every certlflcate or other document signed by blm. 

Tnd. 68,22P 


A riwitnlaffHnn ot JoattC* 

2101 Notary's fee for notice of noapayment of note or nonacceptance 

of bill 25c [formerly 50c]. Amending G. S. S5557. 

Kiim. 194, 13 Ap 

2102 CommlBsioners of notariee may be signed by secretarti to the gover- 

nor (formerly governor's private secretary]. Amending '92 
eh.681 §8, ' IT. T. 41, 6 Mr 

2103 Governor to appoint not more tban five [formerly four] notaries 

for each 1000 population In eacb county. Amending '93 cb.248 
581. N. T. 357, 18 Ap 

2104 FeeB of notaries amended (G. L. cta.29S £18). B. I. 625, 3 Mr 

2105 Special _ commissiouara. Special commlBsioners to be notified of - 

expiration of commission; may admmister oaths; take acknowl- 
edgments of parties to arbitration or minor's nomination of 
guardian; misdemeanor to personate or act after commission 
expires. Haas. ITS, 21 Ur 

2106 Coroners. Justices of the peace to be coroners In their own 

townships. Nev. 10, 23 P 

2107 In counties having a city of 250,000 the coroner must summon jury; 

other amendments to Crim.P. S773, 777-78, 780-81 relating to 
coroners. N. T. 404. 27 Ap 

2108 Board of supervisors may decide that coroners shall receive 

salary instead of fees. Amending '92 ch.686 art.9. 

N. Y. 447, 27 Ap 
2100 Kedlcal examiner. New notice not required from medical ex- 
aminer If dead body Is not over 50 rods tieyond limits of dis- 
trict of court notified; such court shall proceed with inquest. 

Mass. 207, 29 Mr 

2110 Inquests. Fire inquests and inquests over dead body when 

undertaken by selectmen or mayor to be conducted by county 
state's attorney. Vt. 117, 15 N "98 

2111 Per diem of justices for Inquests on the dead and buildings 

burned |3 for first day; f2 thereafter. Vt. 134, 10 N '98 

2112 Amending Okl.S. S1745 relating to Inquests. Okl. 11 art.l, 21 F 

Civil procedure — general 

(Including Eucb provlslonE as apply to both civil and criminal esses) 

2113 Superior court to make mles and orders giving effect to the 

practice act; secretary of state to print and distribute the 
rules. Ct. 5, 15 Mr 

8114 Commission of five created to examine laws relating to practice 
and procedure In the courts of the state; report to governor In 
1901 desirable amendments and additions. 

lU. J. r. p. 380, 15 Mr 


Administration of Justice 


2115 To remedy lack of repealing clause in certain acta amendli^ 

code of ctyU procedure. Neb. 88, 28 Mr; 81, 30 Mr; 82, 30 Mr; 
83, 30 Mr; 84, 30 Mr; So, 28 Mr 

2116 Amending rules relating to practice Id supreme and district 

courts. W. K. 75, 16 Mr 

2117 General law for regulation of practice and proceedings In Jus- 

tices' courts. Repealing Ann.L.'87 cli.3, 4, 5. 0, 8, 9; '93 p.38. 
Or. p. 109. 17 P 
ConunencAment of action 

2118 " Common counts " of practice act may be used in tlie commence- 

ment of ciTll actionB. Ct. 130, 31 Uj 

2119 Law (G.S. 11376-77) governing commencement of actions in vil- 

lages over 3000 extended to municipal courts in cities over 2000 
where clerli issues summons. Hlnn. 143, 11 Ap 

2120 Manner of commencing action In Justices' court. Repealing 

R. S. '98 S3'675-76. V. 42, 9 Mr 

S121 Limitation. ISee aUo Special actions, 2385) Person entitled to sne 
under any [formerly certain specified] laws under 21, insane or 
imprisoned out of state may sue in three years [formerly time 
specified by law] after removal of disability. Amending Digest 
'94 §4833. Ark. 123, 17 Ap 

2123 Amending time within wliich suits may be brought on causes 
of action accrued or Judgments or decrees rendered outside the 
state ('95. 106). CoL 118, 6 Ap 

2123 No action maintainable on Judgments of United States or state 
courts If cause accrued over 10 years before suit was brought 
and If debtor has been resident over 10 years. Amending G. S. 
§5135. Hinn. 123, 3 Ap 

S1S4 Action barred by laws of state or country in which it originated, 
to be barred in this state also. Amending R. S. '89 ch.103. 

Mo. p. 800, 24 My 

2125 Amending C.C.P.'95 S516-17 relating to limitation of actions. 

Kon. p. 144, 20 F 

2126 Amending limitation of action (C.L.'97 §2937-38). 

N. U. G3, 16 Mr 

2127 Amending statutes of limitations as to married women (Code 

1148. 103). W. C. 78, 13 F 

2128 Fartlee. When Impracticable to bring all parties before court, 

one may sue or defend for all. Amending G. S. 95156. 

Minn. 4, 8 P 

2129 Place of action. A person may be sued in county in which be 

resides, though he has contracted to perform the obligation in 
; , another county. Amending '93 ch.67 51 Tr4. Ail. 20, 10 Mr 


Admlniatratloii of JnvttM 

:St30 Civil actions In conrts of common pleas returnable without desig- 
nating place of bolding court. Ct 83, 27 Ap 

2181 Amending place of trial In cIvU actions (R.S.'ST S4123) '97 p.9 
reenacted to correct illegality in passage Id. p. 292, 16 P 

'SlSa When defendants residing In cities of 50,000 come within Jurisdlo- 
HoD of Justices' courts in other counties, action may be brought 
In such courts. Amending '97, &3. Uiim. 321, 20 Ap 

2133 Amending C. C. P. '95 gl480 relating to place of trials In actions 
In Juaticee' courts. Hon. p. 14S, 3 Mr 

-2134 Suits against territorial officers as such to be bi'ought in county 
where their officers are situated, or at capital. 

N. XL 80. 16 Mr 

2185 Minor amendments to Code 6196-07 relating to place of holding 
trials. W. a 104, 15 F; S04, 6 Mr 

S136 Actions to be brought in justice court of precinct where one or 
more of defendants reside. Wash. 40, 7 Mr 

2137 Complaint. In civil actioDS the clerk of court must indorse on, 

complaint the year, month, day, Tiour and minute that It Is filed. 
Amending R. S. '89 §4139. '95 p. 159 reenacted to correct illcgaUtv 
in passage. Id. p. 271, 14 F 

Siunmona. Process giemeraUy 

2138 Summoma. Summons in justice's court not required to contain 

statement of cause of action. A.mending C. C. P. S884. 

Cal. M, 14 Mr 

. -213S Justice of peace may only on oath of plalutilt, issue forthwith 

writ of summons in cases of debt. Amending R.S.'93 cb. 99 §2. 

Dri. 302, 9 Mr 

2140 Fee for writ of attachment with summons or original summons 

with declaration $1.57 (formerly 57c]. Amending R.S. ch.118 

331. Me. 87, 18 Mr 

11141 Amending G. C. P. '95 8033 relating to Issue of alias snmmtms. 

Hon. p. 143, 17 F 
2142 Plaintiff entitled to alias summons till service Is made. 

Ner. 11, 23 P 
ai4S Form of summons In justice's court. Repealing E, S. "98 S3675-7a 

n. 42, 9 Mr 
2144 Service of process — general, including summons. Sheriff may 
command bona fide male citizens residents [formerly male Inhabi- 
tants] of his county to assist him In executing process. 
Amending R. S. '87 §7400. '93 p. 13 reenacted to correct illegaUt]f 
in passage. Id. p. 169, 7 F 

ai46 Law (G. S. S1376-77) governing service of summons in villages of 
3000 extended to municipal courts in cities over 2000 where 
clerk issues summons. Hlim. 143, 11 Ap 


Administration of Jiutlce 


2146 Officer serving process to have right of action for bis fees against^ 

person suing out process. N. H. 20, 1 Mr 

2147 Mileage for serving process or subpena In civil cases to be col- 

. leeted in advance. Or. p. 66, 17 P 

2148 Justice of peace may depute auy citizen to serve summous. If 

there be no acting constable or marshal. Amending R.S.'9S 
83683. TT. 70, 9 Mr 

2149 Service of auumons on a defendant outside the state or by pub- 

lifiition amended (C.C.F, S^SS). N. Y. 301, 12 Ap 

2150 Amending service of summons by publicattoui conaty Judge may 

order; time of answer. Or. p. 5, 12 O '9S 

2151 Special defendants. Corporations. A resident of tlie state 

absent from United States [formerly the state] may execute a 
designation of another resident as a person on whom to serve 
summons. Amending C.C.P. §430. M". T. 524. 5 My 

2152 Servlqe of summons on corporations amended slightly (R.S.'9S 

S2t)4S). U. 51, 9 Mr 

2153 Service of process against savings bonks and trust companies In 

civil actions. Amending G. L. '88 §908. Ct. 134, 31 My 

3154 Officer not disqualified for serving process for or against a sav- 
ings institution by reason of being a corporator or officer 
thereof. Amending Vt.S. S1073. Vt. 39, 29 N '98 

21S6 In counties bavlng no railroad station or ticket office process may 
he served on conductor. Amending C.L. §10,022. 

Mich. 260. 23 Je 

2156 Foredgn. Nonresidents. Amending service of summons oa * 

foreign corporations having no designated agent in state (R, S. 
'87 H144). '97 p. 13 reenacted to correct UleeaUty in passage. 

Id. p. 293, 16 F- 

2157 Summons for foreign corporation may be served on any [for- 

merly any resident] agent thereof. Amending C. C. P. '93 §156. 
S. C. 26, 2 Mr 

2158 Bei;um of proceiss. Process In civil actions brouglit to court of 

common pleas returnable on first Tuesday in any month ex- 
cept July and August; exceptions. Ct. 120. 17 My 
2158 Summons Issued by justice of peace in civil action not returnable 
before 9 a. m. nor after 5 p. m [formerly not before six nor 
after 20 days from date]. Amending '95, 65. 

Minn. 57, 13 Mr 

2160 Punishment for disobeying subpena of court of record 5250 [for- 

merly $20] or six months or both. Amending G. S. S5655. 

Hinn. 207, 13 Ap^ 

2161 Summons shall command defendant to appear before ttie justice 

not less than 10 nor more tban SO [formerly 74] days from date. 
Amending B.S.'S9 f6145. So. p. 270, 23 Mr 


Administration of JiutiCtt 

8X68 aciscellaneoua. Uefins process. Arrest. Debtor arrested on 
mesne process may disclose In same manner as one about to leave 
Hlate [formerly one arrested on execution]. Amending R.S. 
ch.ll3 S15. Me. 17, 21 F 

8163 Repealing 'C.S.'9T £6438-43 relating to arrest before judgment 
on order issued by justice of the peace. Neb. 91, T Mr 

Trial. Pleadings 

2164 Change of venue. Petition for change of renue In cWll suit 

may be resisted; defendant eutltled to change if suit is brought 
out of county of plaintiff's residence or where wrong occurred, 
unless compelled In order to get service. Amending Digest '94 
§7381, Ark. 116, 13 Ap 

2165 Venue of suits between counties brought in county sued to be 

changed to adjoining county on motion of plaintiff. 

Gft. 88, .9 D '98 
8186 Granting of petition for change of venue In vacation amended 

<R. S. '89 S2261). Mo.p. 110. 18 My 

8167 Party applying for change of venue to' pay coats except when 

prejudice of Inhabitants is alleged. Amending R. S. "89 82267. 

Mo. p. Ill, 15 Mr 
2168 Party in a civil cause before justice of peace may obtain change 

of venue by filing required affidavit made either by himself or his 

agent or attorney. Amending R.S. '89 §6240. Mo. p. 272 

8169 If special proceedings be pending in county court acd Judge is 

dlsquallfled, all farther proceedings may be held in court of 
adjoining county. Amending C. C. P. §52. N. T. 378, 19 Ap 

8170 Trial judge being taxpayer does not entitle either party to change 

of venue. Amending R. S. '98 §2023. Wis. 40, 23 Mr 

8171 Chang* of Judge. Causes cifti or criminal may be transferred 

from justice of peace or eountp judge for prejudice. Amending 
R. S. §1615. Fla. 03, 29 My 

2172 Municipal Judge in caset in which he Is interested, tcould be incom- 

petent at juror, or has 6een attorney before eteetion, may procure 
substitute. Amending '95, 229. Minn. 102. 29 Mr 

2173 When party malses affidavit, supported by that of his attorney 

and another person, that judge is biased, another judge shall be 
called; party asking change shall pay expenses or give bond. 

N. D. 51, 1 Mr 

2174 Continuance. Poetponeonent. Coutlnuance to be granted In any 

case in which party of counsel Is member of legislature la 
actual attendance on session on first day of term. 

N. D. 47, 10 F 
8175 Amending notice of order to stay proceedings (C.C.P.'93 S402t. 

S. C. 22, 6 Mr 


Admlniatration of Justice 


2176 Fleadln^. Kotlons. Bepealing '83,'219 overruling deDinrrer Id 

certaiD cases. Del. 304, 30 Mr 

2177 Judges of superior and city courts to decide all motlona within 

30 days In couotles o( less than 60,000, within 90 days In coun- 
ties o( over 50,000; failure ot refusal ground for impeachment. 
Oa. p. 89, 6 D '98 

2178 Repealing B.S.'94 S1331 authorizing supreme court to require 

written, but not printed, briefs. Ind, 151, 3 Mr 

2179 Clertv of superior court to send to Interested partl«s notices of 

Judgment ordered on demurrers and agreed statements of fact; 
30 days for appeal. Hass. 3S7, 10 Uy 

SISO Defendant in action for debt shall plead In 15 {formerly 20] days 
after service of declaration; tiieriff shall notify plaintiff of return 
of capias ad respondendum; plaintJff shall thereupon declare 
in 15 days [formerly by end of next term]. Amending '46, 97. 

Mich. 168, 23 Je 

S181 In circuit court defendant may, at close of plaintiff's evidence, 
ask for verdict in his own favor or demur to evidence, without 
resting case absolutely; on denial of motion, shall have excep- 
tion and may then Introduce testimony and defend on merits 
without waiving exception. Uicli. 182, 12 Ap 

S1S2 Amending C. C. P. '95 9720, 722 relating to pleadings In cfvll ac- 
tions. Uon. p. 142, 22 F 

2183 Trial of civil actions amended as to motion to dismiss or for 

Judgment '97 ch. 109. N.'C. 131, 21 F 

2184 Eithei- party {formerly party serving notice of trial] may file note 

of Issue and place action on calendar and bring Issne to trlaL 
Amending K. G. '96 g5422. N. D. 114, 2 Mr 

2185 Amending G.L.' ch.240 £10 relating to bills and petitions before 

appellate division of supreme conrt not pleaded to In due time. 
B. I. 671, 24 My 

2186 Demurrer in civil action may be heard on Ave days notice; 

frivolous answer or reply [formerly and demurrer] may be 
stricken out on five days notice. Amending R.S.'98 52681. 

Wis. 217, 19 Ap 
a 187 Equity cana«a. Answer of defendant in equity responsive to dis- 
covery sought can be rebutted only by two witnesses pro- 
vided diacoverv is expressly prayed for in plaintilTs petition. 
Amending Code '9S £3950. Oa. p. 53, 20 D '98 

2188 Hlscellanoous procedure. Before trial of issue of fact five days 

notice to adverse party must be provedL Amending . C. C. P. 
S594. Cal. 6, 14 F 

2189 Order of trial of civil causes in court of appeals amended (C.O.P. 

S791). N. T. 35B, 18 Ap 


Admlnlstratioii .ot Jn 

S190 Order of preference among civil cauees amended (C. C. P. G791)> 

N. T. 585, 12 My 

2191 Plaintiff In Justice's court may discontinue as to one of sevenLl 

defendants on such terms as court directs. 

Kich. 199, 10 My 

2192 Rep^nllQg R.S.'T4 p. 383 |90 relating to nonsuits and discontinu- 

ances before Justice of the peace and cases appealed from him. 
IT. J. 137. 24 Mr 
£193 Relating to dismissal of civil acdou without order of court. 

OU. 24 art,l, 24 P 
2194 Repealing '21, 66 as to champerty and malateoance. 

Tsnn. 173, 7 A^ 
Xvldtaice. Wltnesssa 

iil95 Comp«rteiice. For^nB. Trained nurse not required to testify 
against patient. Amending Digest '94 S2919. 

Aik. 31, 2 Mr 
S186 Physiclaii without consent of patient not to be examined in civil 
or criminal cases as to information profesBlonallj acquired. 

Ari 66, 16 Mr 

2197 A party to the record of any civil action, may be examined at 

Instance of adverse party: rules. Col. 95, 1 Mr 

S198 Minor amendments to '79 p.l61; B. 8. '97 ch.51 H la regard to 

testimony agalust surviving partners oe Joint contractors. 

HI. p. 216, 24 Ap 

2199 Amending testimony of husband and wife against each otber 

(P. S. '91 ch.224 320). IT. H. 41, 8 Mr 

2200 When a party or witness dies or becomes Insane after trial of an 

action, his testimony given at the former trial may be read in 
new trial or hearlDg or in any aulaeguent trial or hearing of the 
same aub/ect-matler between the same parties. Amending G. C. P. 
SS30. N. T. 352, 18 Ap 

S801 Wife may testify against her husband In certain cases. 

Pa. 40. 11 All 

S202 Transcripts from stenographic notes taken In supreme court under 
authority to be admitted as evidence In certain cases. Amend- 
ing G. L. ch.225. B. I. 670, 24 My 

3203 Husband or wife may testify against the other In actions for 
alienation of affections of either, or for criminal conversation 
with or seduction of wife. Amending '97 ch.2 SI- 

Wy. 81. 21 F 

2804 Books. Papers. Iaws. Certified copies of Judgments ami 
decrees of circuit courts admissible as prima facie evidence. 
n«- 62, 29 My 


Admlmatration of Justice 


SS05 Records of foreign countries admissible as evidence. Amending^ 
G. S. S5706. Minn. 150, 11 Ap- 

S206 Records and files of engineerlag department of m^iclpalltlea to 
be prima fade evidence. Hinn. 2S1, 19 Ap 

2207 Certain instruments to lie received In evidence without proof of 

execution itnleBs ttie issue is raised by affidavit. Amending; 
R. S. '89 S2186. Mo. p. 108, 5 My 

2208 Certificate of United States census ofitclal as to population to be 

prima facie evidence; Ualted States signal service observations 
of weather to be prima facie Iformerly presumptive] evidence. 
Amending C. C. P. S944. N. Y. 99, 17 Mr 

2209 Abstracts of titles admissible In evidence when certified to by 

llceQsed abstracter or county recorder. V. 36, 9 Mr 

2210 State librarian's certified copy of foreign statutes and opinions 

prima facie evidence. Amending R.S.'98 14136. 

Wis. 351, 4 My 

2211 Uiscellaneous regulations, pissing Holy scriptures not neces- 

sary In taking an oath. N. J. 193, 24 Mr 

2212 Witnesses need not kiss Gospels In taking oath. Amending 

C. C. P. S845. N. T. 340. 17 Ap 

2213 Minor amendments to Code £581, 582 relating to examination of 

witnesses before trial. N. C. 65, 8 P 

2214 Testimony in criminal trials may be talien by stenographers if 

state and defendant consent Amending R. C. '95 87960. 

N. D. 174, 7 Mr 

2215 Attendance and fees of TvitneeseB. Witness not obliged to go 

out of his county unless committing magistrate, trial judge or 
of district or supreme court Indorses subpcna. Amending 
R. C. '95 S8369. N. D. 175, 8 Mr 

2216 Salaried state officials summoned at expense of state to give 

expert testimony to receive only ordinary witness fees. 

Vt. 49, 22 N '98 

2217 Dei>ositlons. Affidavits. Commissioner named by applicant for 

deposition to notify one named by opposite party; same fees 
as clerk of circuit court, to be paid in first Instance by appli- 
cant, ultimately by defeated party. Fla. 66, 29 My 

2218 In all counties [formeriy of 20,000] commissioner before whom 

depositions are taiten has power, on notice being given to adverse 
party, to require vHtness to produce books and vrritings; contempt. 
Amending Code '95 S5315. Oa. p.56, 57, 20 D '98 

2219 Clerii of superior court is ex officio commissioner to talie deposi- 

tions when court falls to appoint or in caae of vaoaney; all 
witnesses to be examined In county of residence, before com- 
missioner of such county. Amending Code '95 ^5316. 

Ga. p. 57, 20 D 'OS 


Administration ot Jurtle* 


^S20 Manner of taking depoBltions and using them. Amending R,S.'87 
S605&-70. '9S p.lSi reenacted to correct illegalily in passage. 

Id. p. 215, 10 F 
Minor amendment Id. p. 373, 14 Mr 

^881 Depositlona ma; be taken In sucb manner as court directs; court 
to prescribe kind of notice and manner of service; may au- 
I tborise to take depositions generally; In equity depositions may 
be taken without state as In actions at law; court may direct 
production of books and papers. Amending P. S, ch.ies S41, 
66. Han. 123, 4 Mr 

'SS28 Amending the taking of testimony, books and papers of a wit- . 
ness In the state for use in a conrt without the state (C. C. P. 
8914-15, 919). N. Y. 502, 3 My 

22S3 Depositions may be taken In shorthand, reduced to manuscript 
or typewriting and signed by witness; form of certificate; liti- 
gant's stenographer may act on consent of other side. 

Tenn. 276, 22 Ap 
8S24 Reading and signing of depositions may be waived by stipula- 
Uon; in all other cases, party examined may be compelled to 
attend to 'read and sign. Amending E. S. '98 §4096. 

■Wis. 29, 17 Mr 

5225 Provisions as to notjce of taking depositions in state govern out- 

side state. Amending R. S. '98 £4112. Wis. 351, 4 My 

•Jury. Teidict (Bee aUo Criminal procedure— Oranfl iarj, £49!; Jury, SfilS) 

5226 General law relative to juries; qualifications; exemptions; Jury 

list; drawing names; grand juries. Wy. 23, 15 P 

2iS27 Jury commissioners to be appointed by district judge; selection 
of jurors; venire; regutatlons. If. M. 66,. 16 Mr 

2288 In trials before justices of the peace jury to consist of from six 
to 'tliree, on agreement Col. 110, 8 Ap 

88138 Amending cases to be tried by jury ('97, 118). Ct. 187, ItS-.Te 
'82S0 Jury fees to be advanced by party demanding jury trial before 
district court; exception; speedy trial. N. K. 65, 16 Mr 

:5i281 In civil cases, tbe parties, except those acting in fiduciary capac- 
ity, may dispense with trial by Jury and submit case to de- 
cision of court Pa. 35, '74. Partlv voiA. In so far as it ex- 
cepts those acting In fiduciary capacity It conflicts with con- 
BtltutloD. Lummls e. Big Sandy laud and manufacturing co. 
188 Pa. Bt 27. 
JtaSfl special Jury may be summoned in civil actions, additional cost 
to be taxed to losing party. Twin. Code ES841, '96. Portly void. 
In so far as It taxes cost of jury to losing party it destroys the 
I Impartlaltt? of the jury and is unconstttntlonal. Gribble v. 
Wilson, 48 8. W. TSa 


istxation ot justice 


2233 Case not to be aubmttted to jury on special Issues unless one or 

all parties request It Amending R. S. '95 art.1333. 

Tex. Ill, 12 My 

2234 Jury commiasioiiers. Jury commlBSloners to be appointed by 

Judges in every county of S59,000 [formerly 100,000]. Amend- 
ing '97 p.243. 111. p.266. 24 Ap- 

2235 One Jury commissioner to be a resident of town or city in nlilcli 

terms of court are held. Amending Ann. S. '97 fil385. 

* Ind. 195, 4 Mr 

2236 Creating ofSce of commlBsioner of Jurors in Richmond and 

Queens and in all oth«' counties except eight accepting this 
act. N. T. 441. 26 Ap 

3237 Drawing. Qnaliflcations. Manner of drawing for trial of con- 
teats of wills amended (Code '96 S4289). Ala. p.54, 23 F 

2236 Regulating drawing of Jurors in circuit courts. Ela. 75, 1 Je 

2239 .Order for drawing of Jury for district court amended as to tlm« 

of filing order with clerlt (R. S. '87 §3952). Id. p. 335, 7 P 

2240 Amending G. S. '97 ch.94 {22 relating to drawing of Jurors whea 

not enough are present to form panel. Kan. 121, 4 Mr 

2241 In counties of 200,000 district court Judges to make Jury lists. 

MlTiti. 151. 11 Ap 

2242 Fixing method of drawing petit juries In counties of 200,000. 

Mian. 240, 17 Ap 

2243 When Juror is discharged as unflt for duty, expense to be paid 

to county by town or city from which such Jui-or was selected; 
notice of drawing of Jurors in city to be posted to city hall. 

If. h: 101, 11 Mr 

2244- Regulations for making up of regular general panel of trial jurors 
in counties 'having special commissioner of juries. 

N. Y. 623, 18 My 
2S4B Amending time of drawing jurors (Code S1722). N. C. 729, 8 Mr 

2246 Petit Jurors to be selected by lot; court to examine them. 

Amending G.L. ch.227. B. I. G24, 3 Mr 

2247 Manner of selecting Jurors in countieB not organized Into elTlZ 

townships. Amending Ann. S. '96 §708. S. D. 75, 24 Mr 

2248 Minor amendments to R. S. '98 g2544c relating to drawing of 

struck Juries. Wis. 351, 4 My 

S249 Civil Jury consists of sis. Amending R. S. 12854. 

ria. 58, 3 Je; 74,3Je 
2250 Ability to read and write English a qualiflcatlon for Juror. 

Amending C. P. '91 S66. Wash. 24, 3 Mr 

S251 Ex«nipting. Licensed engineers of steam boilers exempt from 

Jury duty. Amending C C. P. jlOSl. N. T. 205, 1 Ap 

2292 Marine engineers, city treasurers and their assistants exempted 

ftom Jury duty. S. C. 28, 1 Mr 


Administration of Jiutie* 

2253 Verbal changes In law as to exemption from Jury duty (Code '91 
cli.66 S2). . W. Va. 56, 25 P 

2ZS4 _ Impaneling.. Challenge. Jarors civil or crlmlaal may be orally 
examined on Tolt dire by either party. Pla. 57, 4 My 

226B Venire falling on legal holiday to be made returnable on nest day. 

Minn. 12, 9 F 

8866 Objections to Jurors muBt be made before tbey are impaneled for 
o' -harged with the trial. S. C. 23, 27 P 

2S57 Amending grounds for challenging (Ann.S.'OS 6217, S62S>. 

S. D. 72, 23 F; 73, 23 P 

S256 Changing time of day at which petit Jurors in county courts shall 
be summoned to appear. Vt. 40, 15 N '08 

S25& Verdicts. In civil actions three fonrthe of Jury may render 
verdict Col. Ill, 22 Ap 

2860 Unlawful to attempt to Improperly Influence Juror; penalty. 

Ct. 68, 19 Ap 

8861 Three fourths of trial Jury may render verdict In civil actions. 
Amending R.S.'87 §3938. '90-91 p. 165 reenacted to correct 
illegalUi/ in passage. Id. p. 110, 6 F - 

2862 Submitting constitutional amendment: two thirds of Jury in civil 
cases in courts not of record, and three fourths of Jury In civil 
eases In courts of record may render verdict. Tote Nonemlter 
1900. Ko. p. 381 

2263 Tees and mileage. Fee in forcible entry and detainer to be ?6 
for each verdict; to be equally divided among Jurors. 

Ga. p. 88, 7 D '88 

8264 Juror's necessary traveling espenses In excess of mileage to be 
paid. Uass. 383, 23 My 

2865 Coroner's certificate for Juror's fees to be filed with county - 
auditor and warrant Issued. Minn. 299, 20 Ap 

8866 Amending P. C. '95 S4646 relating to Juror's fees. 

Mm. p. 94, 3 Mr 

2867 County must, on order of court of record, furnish food, lodging 
and expenses of Jury. Amending 0. G. P. {31. 

IT. T. 67, 10 Mr 

8S68 Jurors most claim fees on or before DecemJier 31 of succeeding year 
[formerly within one year] or fees are forfeited to city or 
county. Amending '98 cb.l24. ' N. T. 150, 27 Mr 

2269 Jurors to be paid every 30 days. Tenn. 7, 27 P 

Appeals. Be view 

8270 New trial. Power of court to grant new trials and vacate Judg- 
ments In actions for possession and damages amended C95, 621. 
CoL S7, 22 Mr 


A^jnlnlstration of Justice 


SS71 No judge to x*reBide a second time at trial of same case after ne'w 
trial has been granted. Ct 128, 31 Mr 

8272 Procedure In application for new trial in district courts slightly 
amended. Repealing R.S.'SS 13293. 3296. U. 59, 9 Mr 

2273 Exceptionfl. When court adjourns within less than 30 days after 
making ruling complained of, exceptions pendente lite must be 
tendered within 80 days from date of ruling. Amending Code 
'95 S5541. Ga. p.59, 20 D 'OS 

2374 Party excepting to ruling, order, decision or charge wblch bas ' 
necessarily controlled Judgment, decree or verdict need not 
move for new trial nor file brief of evidence; bill of exceptions 
may contain only enougb to enable Bupreme court to under- 
stand ruling complained of. Ga. p.92, 20 D '98 

2275 In appeal or error to supreme court, 30 days may be granted 
after adjournment to prepare bill of exceptions. 

Tenn. 275, 22 Ap 

S278 Appeals — when allowed. Appeal or writ of error to supreme 
court not to be granted after one [formerly three] year; parties 
under disability may have si3> months [formerly one year] after 
removal thereof. Amending Digest '94 S1027. 

Ark. 60, 16 Mr 

2277 Appeal may be taken from district court from Judgment rendered 
as an appeal from order or action of board of county commis- 
sioners. Amending R.S.'ST S4807. '95 p.liS reenacted to correct 
aiegality in pa%mge. Id. p,278, 14 P 

S278 Writs of error to issue in one [formerly three] year; exception. 
Amending R.S.'89 §2375. lUo. p. 112, 11 My 

2279 Amending C.C.P.'95 61722-23 relating to cases in which appeal 
may be taken to supreme court. Hon. p. 146, 28 F 

2280 Amending R.8.'74 p.262 relating to basis for Issuing writ of error. 

N. J. 130, 24 Mr 

2281 Questions at law on which two courts of civil appeal disagree to 

be certified to supreme court wblch shall render opinion. 

Tex. 08, 9 My 
'2282 Appeals to supreme court not limited hy amount in controvert^ 
[formerly at least $100]. Amending R.S.'9S $3047. 

WU. 63. 27 Mr 

S283 Procednre. Notice of appeal to be served on nonresident co- 

partlea by three weeks publication; unless co-parties appear 

and decline to Join In appeal, tbey shall be regarded as properly 

Joined and be liable for costs. Amending B.S.'94 J647. 

Ind. 3, 20 Ja 


Admlnlatratlon of Justice 


2284 Appeals to Bupreme conrt In all casta disposed of on pleadings and 

proofs shall be on written claim transHiltted In 40 days from 
settlement of case or from entry of decree; no stay unless appeal 
bond filed. Amending C. L. S550, Mich. 243, 15 Je 

2285 Appeals from circuit court not perfected In six months may be 

dismissed. Amending R. S. '89 ch.48 artlO. Mo. p. 174, 31 My 

2286 Minor amendment to C. C. P. S1323 relating to appeals. 

N. T. 650. 25 My 

8287 Taking and perfecting of appeals and the flling of transcripts 

amended (Ann. L. '87 §637, 541). Or. p. 227, 22 F 

2288 Amending the Bling and serving of notice of appeal; petition tn 

error. Amending R. S. '98 S3305, 3316. U. 02, 9 Mr 

2289 On failure of four judges of supreme court to concur, case to be 

reargued at next term and -If tour Judges then fail to concur 

Judgment of county court to be affirmed. Amending Vt.S. §996. 

Vt 37, 29 N '98 

2290 No appeal to supreme court shall be dismissed for defect in bond 
. or defect of parties, if appellant shall perfect appeal. Amend- 
ing '93 ch.61 S19. Wash. 49, 8 Mr 

2291 Expense of transcript of evidence taxed as costs In proceedings 

in error, at legal rates; court may disallow costs for unneces- 
sary matter. Amending H.S. 13145. Wy, 82. 21 P 

2292 Appeals in lower courts. Repealing Digest '94 U3S4 as to pro- 

vision requiring stay bond in Justice court to be filed In 10 days. 

Ark. 29, 2 Mr 

2S98 Appeal may be had from Judgment of Justice of the peace In civil 

actions under general statute, municipal charter, by-law, ordinance 

or special law. Amending '97 Ch,19e |2. Ct. 184, 14 Je 

2294 When defendant appeals to district courts, nonresident or convict 

plaintlft shall give tiond; evits for wages excepted. Amending 
G.S. S5518. Ulnn. ISC, 13 Ap 

2295 Action against nonresident appealed from Justice to district court 

not to be transferred to defendant's county unless application 
la made In 20 days after appeal allowed. Amending G.S. 15192. 
Mtnn. 341, 20 Ap 
8296 Appeal from justices' and other Inferior courts deemed perfected 
on filing appeal bond; not to be dismissed for failure to give 
notice In open court nor for defect In transcript 

T«x. 134, 23 My 

2297 Amending cases In which appeals from justices' courts may be 

dismissed (R.S.'98 S8750). TT. BO, 9 Mr 

2298 Appeals from Justice's court; nonsuit and default Amending 

VtS. il300. Vt 88, 81 O '98 


Administration gt justice 


JudgmemtB. Executions. Judiolal sales. (Bee alto ExeiuErtion, Ieso; E'on- 

cloBUre, 23S3) 

2S99 Obtaining judgments. Reinilatlng procedure In suits on ac- 
counts where judgment la taken by default. Ala. p.2£6, 23 F 

2300 Decision of court or referee means signing and flllug findings and 

concluslonB. Amending O.O.P. 51083. Cal. 20, 21 F 

2301 Requiring jadgment of respondent ouster to be entered on Issues 

joined in demurrer in certain case. Del. 303, IG Mr 

2303 Repealing '98. IX relating to Judgment in overruled demurrers. 

Del. 305, 23 Mr 

2303 Cause of action, wltb affidavit filed and served on defendant, to ' 

l>e denied by him within 10 [formerly 10] days or default 
Judgment Is to be given. Amending C.L.'97- 12035. 

- S. U. 80. 16 Mr 

2304 BeCeree's report, unless passed on by surrogate within 90 [for- 

merly 60] days, is deemed to have been conflrmeA. Amending 
C.C.F. §2546. N. Y. 807, IS My 

2305 Granting of Judgments by default amended as to action? for 

recovery of money only (C.C.P.'^ §267). S. C. 25, 1 Mr 

2306 County courts may render judgments and chancellors' final 

decrees in vacation. Ameoding VtS. 1915. Vt. 35, 15 N '98 

2307 Verbal change in R.S.'98 13627 aa to ofter of Judgment in justice's 

court. WiB. 351, 4 My 

2308 Vacati<m. Minor amendments to '98 <^.549 fl relating to equit- 

able process after judgment Uass. 445, 29 My 

2300 Amending C.S.'97 S6196 relating 'to power of district court to 

vacate Its own judgments after term. Neb. 87, 7 Mr 

2310 Amending C.S.'9T $6205 relating to limitation of time within 

which proceedings to vacate judgment of district court must be 
begun. Neb. 88. 28 Mr 

2311 Lien of judgment. Judgments in United States district or cir- 

cuit courts may be made Hens on all real estate defendant may 
acquire by filing transcript of Judgment in county recorder's 
office; fee. '90-91 p. 119 reenacted to correct illegalitv in passage. 

Id. p.80, 2 r 

231S Judgments In personal actions will be presumed to be paid after iO 
[formerly 20} years from granting, or from last payment 
thereon. Amending E.S.'89 86796. Mo. p.221, '95. Toid aa to 
causes barred by new act at Hme of passage but which were 
not yet barred under the preexisting law; act does not pro- 
vide reasonable time after Its passage for the commencement 
of such actions, hence impairs obligation of contracts. Cranor 
c. School district no.2, 52 S.W. 233. 


AdmlnistTfttloii of Justtca 


2313 After -Judgment' has been docketed it becomea a lien on real 

property of debtor aud continues eight [formeriy five) years 
R.S.'98 13198. TT. 21, 7 Mr 

2314 BctvItbL EnforcemBnt. When Judgment against railroad com- 

pany remains unpaid one year, court shall order any employee 
to appear, state amount of company money on band and prob- 
able future receipts and to pay Into court till Judgment and 
coata are aatiafled. Ind. 89. 21 F 

2316 Amending time when Judgment in personal actions is presumed 

to be paid cm p.221). Ko. p.300, 25 Mr 

2310 Within sia [formerly five] years after Judgment for $25 or more, 
and after return [formerly Issuing) of execution ichollv or parti]/ 
unsalisfted, on proof by affidavit, or other written evidence, or 
after issue of execution and proof that debtor bas property which 
be refuses to apply to satisfy Judgment, court may require 
debtor to give bond to appear [formerly and not to dispose of 
property; In default, debtor might be committed]. Amending 
•as ch.l33 SI. Waab. 9S. 13 Mr 

2317 EzMutioiiB. Judicial salea. Execution may be levied on real 

estate on judgment of county court filed In circuit court. 

na. 64, 11 My 

2818 When real estate Is sold by sheriff his successor In office may 

execute deed If none bas been executed. '95 p.20 reenacted to 

correct Ulegalitv in passage. Id. p.235, 14 P 

2319 Notice of sales under execution amended (R.S.'ST S4483). '95 p40 

reenacted to twTect illegality in passage. Id. p.243, 14 F 

2320 Deeds made by sheriff under order of court to be sufficient evi- 

dence of legally of sale till contrary la proved. Amending 
G.S.'95 ch.97. Kan. 94. 4 Mr 

2321 Real estate of corporations not created for public purposes may 

be sold on execution without first exbaustlne remedy against 
personal property. Ito. 115, 17 Mr 

2322 Records of abstract firms liable to sale on execution. 

Mich. 197. 10 My 

2323 Executions against property or person for collection of judgments 

or decrees of courts of record may Issue at same time to BherltTs 
of dlfCerent counties; joften levies ore made on more than one, sale 
shall lie on only one at a time, under direction of plaintiff's at- 
tomey; only enough to be sold to satisfy judgment. Amending 
O.L. H0,305. Kicb. 219, 1 Je; 267, 23 Je; 289, 23 Je 

2324 Public sales of real estate may. In cities of 100,000, be held on 

jloor of real estate exchange or at conrtbonse door. Amending 
RS.'89 3164. Uo. p.37, 24 Mr 


itration of justice 


2S2B EiecntioE aales or real estate la cities of 100,000 may be oq 
floor of real estate exchange. Amending R.S.'89 §4911. 

Mo. p.208, 27 Mr 

2326 Issuing of writs of injunction and prohibition against sale of real 

estate amended (R.S.'89 15510), Mo. p.226, 8 Mr 

2327 Minor amendment to C.S.'97 56373 relating to sales under decree 

In chancery, Heb. 90, 30 Mr 

2328 Real estate attachable may be sold on execution subject to re- 

demption. Amending P.S.'91 ch.233. N. H. 73, 11 Mr 

2329 Making of deeds to real property sold under execution b; sheriff 

amended Ann.L.'87 §1017. Or. p.71, 17 F 

2330 Interpleaders on testatum fieri facias to be carried on In county 

where levy Is made. Pa. 33, 11 Ap 

2331 Injunction to stay execution or judicial sale not to be granted 

unless four days notice has been given to adverse party. 
Amending C.C.P.'93 pt2 t.7 ch.lll. S. C. 27, 6 Mr 

2332 Successors of sheriffs, probate judges, clerks of courts and masters 

may complete sales begun by predecessors and execute titles. 
AmendlDg R.S.'93 v.l §745. S. C. 29. 2 Mr 

2333 In land sales under order of court, bidding jnay be reopened 

without order wbeu 10% advance Is bid. Tenn. 37, 27 Mr 

2334 Execution levied on real estate 10 days after Issue by justice of 

peace not to affect title as to third parties till filed in county 
court. Tenn. 39. 30 Mr 

2335 Writ of execution may issue at any time within eight [formerly 

five] years. Amending R.S.'98 §3233. TT. 6, 2 Mr 

2336 General act regulating sales of property under execution. Re- 

pealing '97. 50. Wash. 53. 8 Mr 

2337 Special commissioners appointed by court to sell property must 

be residents of state. Amending Code '91 cb.l32 §1. 

"W. Va. 49, 24 F 

2338 Judgment not to be rendered on county, town, city, village or 

school orders unless same are filed witb clerk, to be made part 
of judgment roll. Wis. 14, 9 Mr 

2339 Verbal change In R.S.'98 §2968 as to issue of executions. 

Wis. 351, 4 My 

2340 Bedemptltni. Judgment debtor or redempUoner may redeem 

real estate sold under execution or foreclosure wltbln one year 
[formerly six months] from sale; other amendments to R.S.'ST 
§4492-93 relating to redemption of property sold under execu- 
tion. '95 p.Si reenacted to correct illegality in passage. 

Id. p.241, 14 F 

2341 Property sold nnder Judgment subject to redemption may be 

redeemed on paying the price paid by purchaser with 7% [for- 
merly 12%] Interest. Amending Ann.S.'99 §6373. S. D. ]06,24F 


Admiuifltratloa of jnstlc* 

234S Hlscellaueons. Sale of Judgment shall be by written transfer; 
may be filed with clerk of court, acknowledged aa deedB are, 
and shall then be valid notice to all parties; in case of com- 
promise attorney has action against both parties for contingent 
fee. Ark. 112, 4 Ap 

2343 When amount tendered and refused Is brought into court and a 

smaller amount is found to be due, only sum due shall be paid. 
Ind. 73. 24 P 

2344 Satisfaction -piece is to be executed by party In whose favor 

judgment was rendered, or if it Is made within two years after 
entry of judgment tn- after entry of final judgment or order of 
affirmance [formerly after filing of Judgment-roll] by attorney 
' of record of the party. Amending C.C.P. 11260. 

N. T. 95, 17 Mr 

2345 Special proceeding supplemental to execution may be Instituted 

and prosecuted before superior court of county in which lodgment 
teas entered or of any county to uhose sheriff execution has been 
issued or Khere transcript has been filed. Amending "93 ch.l33 
S24. Wash. 93, 13 Mr 

2346 Verbal change in R.S.'98 §2906 relating to assignment of Judg- 

ments. Wis. 3S1, 4 My 


2347 Copies of lost papers may be filed instead of originals; when 

order of court has been filed and record lost, court shall refile 
and all proceedings shall be deemed taken as provided by law. 

N. D. 107, 7 Mr 

2348 Fixing mileage to be allowed persons performing legal duties. 

Amending Ann.L.'87 I2353--54. " Or. p.247, 24 F 

2349 Imprisonment for contempt may be in bouse of correction or 

coonty jail. Vt. 42. 15 N '98 

2360 Costs. Filing and service of bill of costs amended (R.S.'ST £4912). 

'95 p.G reenacted to correct illegaUty in passage. Id. p. 231, 14 F 

2351 In suits for wages conil to allow plaintiff a reasonable attorney's 

fee to be taxed as costs. Id. p.394, 16 F 

2352 Poor persons may commence suit in circuit court wlfbout pay- 

ment of costs. Amending R.S.'97 ch.53 |14. 111. p.217, 24 Ap 

2353 Upon affirmance or dismissal of an appeal from judgment for 

money against Insurance or railroad company or foreign cor- 
poration, 10% damages on amount of judgment appealed from 
shall be awarded against appellant, though such judgment 
be not superseded. Amending Code {764. Ky. 1157, '88. 
Unconstitutional. Unreasonable and unjust discrimination 
against the companies named In the act Mutual fire insur- 
ance CO. V. Hammond, 51 S. W. 151. 


Admlniatratlon of Justice 


2SS4 Revenue stamps on deeds on execntlon or tax sale taxable as 
cobU. Us. S7, IS Mr 

28fi5 Amending C.C.P. S324S relating to allowance of costs to plaintiffs 
Id actions against municipal corporations. S. T. 606, 16 My 

2356 Same costs to be allowed In cases appealed from justice's court 
as In cases commenced in district conrt. Amending R.C.'95 
S5574. H. D. 3. 24 F 

2367 State, as party to suit, relieved from payment of costs In advance 

and from furnishing bond. Or. p.96, IT 

SS66 Fixing fees of clerks of circtilt and county courts and sheriffs; 

regulating payment of these and trial fees. Amending '95, p.7T. 

Or. p.140, 18 F; p.l51, 18 F 

2368 Legal notices. Cost of publication of legal notices amended 

(Code '96 S3045). Ala. p.40, 23 F 

2360 // no paper puJtlUfied in county or If amount in question la under 

tSSO [formerly $100] notices may be posted. Amending 
Digest '9i S4684-85. Ark. 189. 8 My 

2361 When dally publication of notices etc. Is required by law, publica- 

tion on weelc days la sufficient. Or. p.233, 22 F 

2362 Charges for legal advertising regnlated. S. C. 31, 3 Mr 

2363 Notices required by county courts to be printed (» English, but 

may be publUJied in newspapers printed in another language token 
court direde. Amending R.g,'98 {4045. Wis. 175, 13 Ap- 

2364 No compensation for printing legal notices in dally papers in 

counties or cities under 40,000 unless paper continuously pub- 
lished two years preceding, witli 300 bona flde snbacrlt>er8. 

Wis. 319, 2 My 

Civil -procedure— special actions 
Actions affecting property 

2365 Superior court may on petition order sale of building and land 

when title to them are in different persons. Ct. 180, 14 Je 

2366 Actions aftecting title to lands, where there is dispute as to wblch 

county they are in, may be brought in either county; Us pen- 
dens may be recorded in each. Uinu. 119, 3 Ap 

2367 Relating to submission to Jury of question of fraudulent release 

to cause involving title to real estate. Amending R.S.'SS cb.33 
art.S. Mo. p.108. 24 My 

2368 Amending proceedings before Justice of the peace involving title 

to real estate (R.S.'89 g6219). Uo. p.271, 9 My 

2369 Quiettng title. Claimant to lands may have title confirmed in 

chancery court; six weelia publication; no bar' to adverse pos- 
sesaor, party paying taxes In preceding seven years, or 
claimant under contract with petitioner, unless named as de- 
fendant Axk. 79, 28 Mr 


Admlnistmtlon of Justlot 

S370 Bills Id equity ma? be brongbt to qntet title against adverao 
- claimant not Id poaBeesioD; no bar to relief tbat title has not 
l>een litigated or that adverse claim Is void on face or requires 
extrinelc evidence. Fla. 78, 1 .1e 

2371 On petition to remove cloud, court or anv fustice thereof in vacation 
shall order notice to claimants. Amending R.S. cb.104 E48. 
U«. 95, 16 Mr 

S372 Suit to quiet title may be maintained agalnat unknown parties 
whose claim can not be met without production of evidence 
or depends on construction of written Instrument. Amending '9T 
ch.B22 gl. UasB. 444, 29 My 

2373 In action to determine adverse claims to real estate, unknown 

parties may be Joined as defendants; service by publication; 
court may allow unknown heirs to defend within one year from 
judgment, or, If minors, within two years. N. D. 157, 6 Mr 

2374 Person claiming interest in real estate not In actual poBSeaslon 

of another [formerly person In possession] may enter suit to 
determine claims. Amending Ann.L.'S? 1504. 

Or. p.227, 22 F 
2876 AdTOTse poasmaiou. Ejectment. Person entitled to premises 
may recover by summary process when court of retiittration hat 
decreed confirmation of title. Amending P.S. ch.l75 61. 

Haas. 120, 2 Mr 
2876 Officer removing personal property not plalntlfTs In serving ex- 
ecution for recovery of lands may store goods; Hen for storage. 
Mass. 412, 25 My 

2377 Person taking possession of premises under lease estopped from 

disputing title; does not apply to leasee In possession prior to 
lease under claim of adverse or hostile title. • Ulna. 13, 10 F 

2378 Limitation of 10 years within which action to recover real prop- 

erty must be begun; but limitation doet not ajtplv to cities, toumi 
etc. in recovery of streets or other public grounds. Amending O.S. 
'97 (5596. Neb. 79, 1 Ap 

2379 Landlord and tenant. No writ of possession In action between 

landlord and tenant to he issued till after three days from 
rendering of Judgment. N. J. 35, 15 Mr 

2360 Distress for rent subject to prior Hens on property. 

S. C. 50, 27 P 

2381 Removal from rented premises before contract expires gives land- 

lord right to Issue distress warrant S. C. 51, 15 F 

2382 Imprisonment for debt; defendant not to be confined in " close 

Jail " when Judgment Includes rent for use of leased premises 
prior to notice to quit, Vt. 44, 29 N '98 


Administration of justice 


2383 FoirecIosur«. B«demptlon. Mortgagor may redeem land sold 

under foreclosure tn one year; may waive rigbt in mortgage. 
Ark. 153, 8 My 

2384 Appeal may be taken from Interlocutory Judgment in action to 

redeem realty or personalty from mortgage or lien, detemilDing 
right to redeem and ordering accounting. Amending C.C.P 
f939, 963. Cal. 9, 14. F 

S385 Holder of chattel mortgage allowed 30 days after maturity of 
debt to take posseasion of chattels. Col. 86, 10 Ap 

S380 Mortgagee may charge $5 attorney's fee In addition to expenses 
for closing, to be a Ilea on estate. He. 77, 15 Mr 

8387 Court not to order lands to be sold within six [formerly 12] 
months after filing bill for foreclosure; nwrtgagor may redeem 
whole or part in six months alter sale; all deeds on mortgage sales 
to be deposited with reffister, to beccyme operative on failure to 
redeem in time Untited. Amending C.L. 5516,523. 

Mich. 200, 10 My 

23S8 Householder whose lands are to be sold on foreclosure not valid 
against homestead and so stated in decree shall notify oflSeer of 
Jiis selection; if he neglects, officer shall ask him to select and on 
his failure shall select for him. Amending C.L. S10^64-65. 

Hich. 218, 1 Je 

2389 SherllTs certificate of foreclosure sale legalized though recorded 
later than 20 days after sale. Uiim. 14, 17 F 

S390 Redemption: if mortgage specifies less than 7% interest, rate after 
sale Skall bethe same. Amending G.S. 66041. Minn. 37, 6 Mr 

2391 To remedy lacli of repealing clause in act relating to sale of per; 

sonal property under mortgage. Neb. 9, 30 Mr 

2392 Regulating sales under powers of sales contained In mortgages 

of real estate. N. H. 19, 1 Mr 

2393 What constitutes sufficient notice of sale of personal property 

under process or chattel mortgage to recover not exceeding 
5300. N. M. 20, 24 F ' 

2394 Amending notice to be served by lienor before sale of personsl 

property to satisfy Hen ('97 ch.418 §81-82). N. Y. 36», 19 Ap 

8395 State may be made a party defendant to action for foreclosure 

when state has lien subsequent to lien sought to be foreclosed, 

. Amending C.C.P. gl627. N. T. 528, 5 My 

2396 Property sold under mortgage foreclosure may be redeemed 

within one year; or, within (wo years, if mortgagor at end of first 

year pays taxes, interest due and interest for a year in advance. 

Amending C.L.'87 15421-47. S. D. 140, '93. Void, as to 

mortgages executed before its adoption, impairs obligation of 

contracts. Holliater v. Donaboe, 78 N. W. 959. 


Administration of Justleo 


2397 Partition. Ward's consent to partition can only be given on order 

of court after hearing In open court, after 10 daya notice to all 
linowu relatives. Amending C.C.P. §1772. Cal. 252, 27 Mr 

2398 Sales of real estate in partition to be held, in cities of 100.000, on 

flour of real estate- emchange or at conrtbouee door. Amending 
H.S.'89 S7189. Ko. p.313, 27 Mr 

2399 Repealing '03 p.216 relating to distributioD of proceeds of sales 

of real estate In partition. Mo. p.318, 15 My 

2400 Amending C.S.'97 §6323,6360 relating to partition of real prop- 

erty and manner of serving notice on defendants in Boch 
actions. Neb. 89, 28 Mr 

2401 In actions for partition of real property court may allow to a 

party an additional allowance of not more than 5% [formerly 

2>^Z] on sum claimed or recovered. Amending C.C.P. §3253. 

N. Y. 299, 12 Ap 

2402 Clerk of court not to appoint himself or hls'deputy 'to make sale 

In partition proceedings. Amending Code §1906. 

N. C. 161, 26 Ja 

2403 Powers of court of common pleas amended as to actions for 

partition and foreclosure (R.8.'93 v.l §2247). S. C. 13, 6 Mr 

2404 Homestead and dower to be set off drat; reversion thereto to be 

Included in partition; If partition impossible without injustice, 
premises may be sold If parties entitled to homestead, dower 
or curtesy consent in writing, otherwise dower to be ad- 
measured, remainder sold and proceeds divided. Amending 
K.S.'98 83113. Wis. 336, 3 My 

2405 ' Person having estate of dower, admeasured or not, estate 6tf 

curtesy or homestead for life may be made party to partition. 
Amending R.S.'OS §3102. WU. 336, 3 My 

2406 Oondemnation proceedings. {See aleo Emiaeot domnia, ISM) Man- 

ner of execution of Judgments of appraisers In proceedings In 
eminent domain. Ot. 3, 15 Mr - 

2407 Concerning procedure In eminent domain; trustees to be ap- 

pointed when parties in interest are minors. Ct. 11, 17 Mr 

2408 Telegraph company undertaking to condemn rlgbt of way ot 

railroad company must give notice to latter, Amending Code 
'95 §4685. Qa. p.54, 20 D '98 

2409 Courts to award reasonable pay to commissioners appointed to 

bear parties and assess damages. Haas. 458. 2 Je 

2410 Proceedings by person or corporation when owner of land re- 

fuses right of way amended (R.S.'83 v.l §1744). 

S. C. 53, 6 Mr 


nlatmtlon of Justice 


2411 Saplerlu. Defendant In replevin ehall have property on Klvlng 
tM)nd to BDirender It plaintiff recovers; property not to be de- 
livered to plaintiff without defendant's consent till 18 hours 
after appraisal and notice; eltber party D;ay submit to circuit 
court question as to special value that cau not be satisfied by 
money; either party [formerly defendant] may except to sure- 
ties In 10 [formerly 20] days; either party [formerly defendant] 
entitled to return may take Judgment for money valne against 
principal and turetie». Amending C.L. ch.294. 

Hlch. 246, 15 Je 

8412 When action in replevin is dismissed by court for defects In pro- 
ceedings by plaintiff, Judgment may be given for defendant 
Amending C.C.F. Nab. p.44 '75. Vnconstilvtional. Does not 
provide for repeal of sections amended, as required by consti- 
tution then in force. Held, Murdock & Co. v. Panska, 78 N. W. 

2418 Amending C.S.'97 {6063 relating to replevin cases before Justice 
of the peace that go to district court Ntib. 92, 1 Ap - 

S414 Amending replevin of goods exceeding $20 In valne (Vt.S. S1470). 

Vt. 41, 26 O '98 

8415 Paraonalt7. Failure to have license no defense to suit for pur- 

chase price of goods. ^ Ind. 159, 3 Mr 

Faroooal injurr and tort 

8416 Husband baa action for wrongful lillliag of wife, if enit be 

brought In two years. Ark. 84, 29 Mr 

841T In cities of 15,000 notice of Injury by defective sidewalk etc. 

must be given wltbln six monthg [formerly 20 days] after 

same Is received. Amending '91 p.374 |14. Col. 149, 24 F 
2418 In suit for personal damages trial court may order Injured party 

to submit to examination by physician appointed by court 

na. 58, 11 My 
8419 Parent has cause of action for wrongful death of minor child; 

one year. Ha. 61, 8 Je 

8480 In actions tor personal Injuries or death through negligence, not 

necessary to allege want of contributory negligence; contribu- 
tory negligence matter of defense and may be proved under 
general denial. Ind. 41, 17 F 

8481 Actions against cities of 100,000 for damages tor Injuries to per- 

son or property to be Iiegun wltbln six months. Ky. Statntes, 
§2752, '94. Uneongtitutional. Legislature not to pass local or 
special acts to regulate the limitation of civil and crimlual 
causes. City of LoulsviUe v. Kuntz, 47 S. W. 592. 

8482 No action for personal injuries after three years. 

Hlch. 155, 23 Je 


Adminlatrfttlon of JnjrtlM 


2423 FerBonB sufFerlug mob violence or their heirs have right of action 

agalDBt county, $500 to $5000. ISiob. 252, 21 Je 

2424 Fence'OTer six feet high built to annoy la private nuisance; action 

for tort and abatement lClim.336, 20 Ap 

2426 Notice of personal injuries not required when action la brought 

within year. Amending R.8.'98 §4222. Wla. 307, 29 Ap 

2426 Lib«l. Sl(uid«r. In order to mitigate damagee for slander or 

libel m newspaper, apology must be published In next regular 
Issue or. In case 6t dallies, within five days. Amending Code '96 
£1441. ' Ala. p.32, 20 F 

2427 -Unlawful to publish without written consent portrait of living 

residents except public officers and convicted criminals; cari- 
catures forbidden. CaL 26, 23 F 
3428 Published articles Impeaching reputation or exposing natural 
defects must be signed by true name; {1000 forfeit. 

Cal. 124, 20 Mr 

2429 Writer's name to be signed to article charging Immorality. 


2430 Before suit for libel notice shall be served on newspaper; If re- 

traction Is printed as conspicuously as original article, only 
actual damages can be recovered; retraction in case of political 
candidate must be made editorially, three days before election; 
no damages tor publishing (air, true report of public occur- 
rence, official proceedings or contents of any pleadings, unless 
actual malice is proved. Wash. 59, 13 Mr 

Attachment. [See also EiecuttooB, 2299; Eiemptioas. 1£80) 

2431 Issue. EtFect. In cases Involving $5 In Justice's court or on 

appeal plalntlfF may have writ of attachment to prevent fraud- 
ulent disposal of property; bond required. Uinn. 80, 21 Mr 

2432 Regulating Issue of writs of attachment prior to maturity of debt 

Amending C.0.P.'95 |891. Mon. p.l41, 3 Mr 

2433 Writ of attachment may be issued against execut<yr, adminiatrator, 

heir or devisee of any deceased debtor; other amendments to 
R.g.'74 p.lfl j8. N. J. 42, 17 Mr 

2434 Repealing R.S.'74 p. 16 {68 relating to writs of attachment against 

absconding or absent debtors. N.' J. 136, 24 Mr 

2486 Service of writs of attachment amended (C.L,'97 S2608). 

N, M. 80, 16 Mr 

243d Grounds on which a warrant of attachment will be Issued 

slightly amended (C.C.P. S836). N. Y. 698, 16 My 

2487 Amending filing of affidavits on which attachments are granted 

(C.G.P.'93 1250). S. C. 14, 3 Mr 

2438 Attachment or garnishment to be only for salary or wages earned 

[formerly due]. Amending '85, 192. T«im. 1, 24 Mr 


AdminlBtration of Justice 


S439 Procedure. Providing for trial of actions commenced by foreign 
attachment wlien defendant does not appear. Ct. 45. 6 Ap 

8440 Selling of live stock and perishatile property under attachment 
amended (G.L.'SS §923). Ct. 67. 19 Ap 

2441 Attaclied property not to be concealed or destroyed. 

Ct. 86, 4 My 

2442 When debt iB not over $20 attachment notice may be posted one 

montb in three places instead of published. Amending B.S. 
11658. ria. 70, 31 My 

2443 Providing for posting and publishing of notices in attachments 

and regulating prorating among creditors. Amending R.S.'87 
H304. '95 p. 75 reenacted to correct illegality in passage. 

Id. p.250, 14 F 

2444 Attached personal property may remain on premises and keeper 

be appointed nnless occupant or owner objects; defendant to 
have reasonable time before removal to give bond dissolving 
attachment Amending B.S. cb.Sl. He. 107. 17 Mr 

2448 Amending C.G.P.'95 S893, 895. 1562 relating to levy of writs of 
attachment. Hon. p.l3S. 7 Mr; p.l40, 7 Mr 

2446 Execution of writ amended. Ann.L.'87 $149. 151. 

Or. p.231, 22 F 

S447 Extending the right to commence action by writ of foreign at- ' 
tachment to all injuries caused to persons or property on land 
by vessels. Pa. 84, 28 Ap 

2448 Gamisluaent. Amending procedure in actions for collection of 
debt when garnishee claims exemption of wages (Code'96 
§2038). Ala. p.37, 23P 

3449 All corporations ot whatever nature, foreign or domestic, municipal 
or otherwise except counties may be gamlsbed; may appear or 
answer tn uirtling; plaintiff must serve notice ot judgment; d»- 
fendant may release on bond; jvatiee of peace may proceed against 
munlMpaitties Amending C.L. 11014. Hlch. 257, 23 Je 

2450 Not to issue, In actions of less than $200 and where property 
sought is wages due from railroad, till judgment has been 
recovered. Uo. p.221, 18 My 

2451- Answer of garnishee amended (C.L.'97 S270S). K. H. 80, 16 Mr 
Spaclal civil procaedings 

2452 In writ of prohibition, certiorari and mandamus the supreme 
court shall consist of judges who did not sit on case below; 
presiding Judge. Del. 296, 24 F 

2463 Amending form of county conrt writs. Vt. 137, 26 O '98 

8454 Injunctioii. Handomue. Petitions for writ ot prohibition or 
mandamus to be filed at any time; calling of special session of 
suptelne court; powers, Del. 297, 24 F 


Administration of jwtlco 


S455 In eases of writs of prohibition or o( mandamus, coats are to be 
taxed as court deems equitable. Del. 306, 23 F 

2456 Who maj grant temporary injunctions. Amending Ann.S.'97 

S1147. Ind. 233, 6 Mr 

2457 Amending C.L.'97 I27T3 relating to review at Judgment In man- 

damus proceedings, N. IL SO, 16 Mr 

8488 Temporary injunction can not be granted in an agreement for 

submission of controTersy to court Amending C.C.P. |12S1. 

N. Y. 520, 5 My 

2459 Where an application for a peremptory writ of mandamus Is 

granted or denied without previous alternative maudamus, 

costs may be~ awarded. Amending C.C.P. 12086. 

M". T. 527, 5 My 

5460 Power of court of common pleas at seat of government amended 

aa to Issuing writs of mandamus ('93 ch.285 |1). 

Fa. 71, 28 Ap 

5461 Governing boards of cities, villages and towns may prefer a bill 

In equity for injUDCtive relief for abatement of public nuls* 
auces; court of chancery given juriBdicUon. Vt 154, 16 N '88 
2462 OertioTarL Circuit court may IssOe certiorari to city or. town 
council to correct erroneous or void ordinance or proceeding. 
Amending Digest '94 §1125. Ark. 68, 18 Mr 

2483 Quo warranto. Attorney general may file quo warranto in su- 

preme court against any state, county, town or city officer, 

llass. 376, 19 My 

2484 In quo warranto proceedings defendaut In possession of office 

sball continue till action Is tried. N. C. 33, 31 Ja 

2466 Amending '05 ch.105 relating to trial of title to office. 

N. C. 49, 8 F 
2488 Relating to service of summons in quo warranto proceedings. 

Amending Code, 1616. " N. C. 126. 17 P 

Critnina! procedure 

IBee also numerous proyialona of Civil procedure) 
2487 To remedy lack of repeating clause In certain acts amending the 
criminal code. 

Neb. 93, 30 Mr; 94. 30 Mr; 95, 30 Mr; 96, 30 Mr; 97, 28 Mr; 
98. 30 Mr; 100, 2S Mr; 101, 30 Mr; 102, 30 Mr; 105. 30 Mr; 
106, 31 Mr; 106, 28 Mr 

ApprAoiBion. Froaecutloii. Indictment 
2468 Crimes begun In this state and completed elsewhere deemed com- 
mitted here. Del. 307, 26 Ja 


Administration of Justice 


2469 If a person be stricken or poisoned In one conufj and die In 

another, an Indictment may be found In either count]/ [formerly 
In county wbere persoa was stricken or poisoned}. Amending 
■06 cli.237 559. N. J. 88, 22 Mr 

2470 Apprshooalon. Arrest. Police Justice, recorder, jvdge of any 

city, Jtorough, town or police court or Justice of the peace may 
issue warrants for arrest of fugitives from Justice. Amending 
-97 ch.245 S2. OL 146, 31 My 

8471 Governor may oSer rewards of not over ?500 each for apprehen- 
sion of persons charged with felony where punishment Is not 
death. Amending R.S.'87 SI80, '90-$l p.l98 reeuacted to correct 
itlegalily in passage. Id. p. 135, 7 F 

2472 County commissioners authorized to pay $500 reward for arrest 

and coBvlction of murderer or lyncher. Ind. 100, 24 F 

2473 PuglUve from Justice defined. Ind. 234, 6 Mr 

2474 Search warrant may be issued for property bearing trademark 

or owner's name. Amending Pen.C. gl521. Cal. 72, 9 Mr 

2476 Night search warrant may be issued by one [formerly two] trial 

Justice. Amending 54. Haas. 166. 18 Mr 

3476 OflScer who wilfully delays service of warrant of arrest or search 

warrant to be fined not over $50. Mass. 389, 23 My 

2477 Repealing C.L.'97 52730-37 relating to capias. 

K. M. 80, 16 Mr 

2478 Form of commitment issued by magistrate for esamlnation 

amended (Crim.P. S193). K. T. 60S, 16 My 

8479 County commissioners may offer $10 to $50 reward for convlctlou 
of persons destroying unoccupied buildings or stealing grain. 

N. D. 61, 9 Mr 
2460 Warrants by aldermen and Justices of the peace out of Jurisdic- 
tion, to be stamped with official seal. Amending '60 ch.376 §3. 
Pa. 114, 2 My 

2481 Detectives. Controller of state may spend $3000 annually In 

enforcement of laws regulating private detectives and detective 
agencies. Amending '98 ch.422 g5. N. Y. 318, 17 Ap 

2482 Unlawful to organize or employ Id any city armed bodies of men 

others than those provided by law. Or. p.96, 17 P 

2483 Bail. Forfeiture on ball lK>nds In change of venue to be paid 

to county where Indictment was found. Ark. 177, 8 My 

2484 Municipal courts having criminal Jurisdiction may accept cash 

bait, not over double highest fine; deposit exempt from gar- 
nishment,' attachment and execution. Uinn. 301, 20 Ap 
2486 Regulating the giving of ball In appeals in criminal cases. 
Amending C.L.'97 13420; repealing 53409. N. U. 32, 9 Mr 


Administration of JiutlM 


3486 RecognizanceB and bail bonds to state tchether offense charged 
U felony or misdemeanor [formerly name of offense]. Amend- 
ing Crlm.P.'95 S308-9. Tax. 74, 17 Ap 

524S7 Habeas corpus. Service of writ of habeas corpus amended 
(G.L. ch.231 S13). K. I. 681, 25 My 

S488 Prosecution on information. OfTences may be prosecuted on 
Information; grand jury not to be called except by order of 
district judge. '90-91 p.l8i reenacted to correct iUegaUttl in 
passage. Id. p. 135, 6 F 

2480 Submitting constitutional amendment; criminal prosecution for 
felony and migdemeanor to be by Indictment or Information. 
Tote November 1900. Ko. p. 382 

S490 Criminal prosecutions may be begun on information by district 
attorney; be may administer oatbs and compel 'witnesses to 
testify; perjury and contempt amended. Or. 'p.SG, 17 F 

2491 Criminal cases in district courts to be prosecuted by information 
or indictment; exceptions. U. R.S. 64688, '98. Void as to 
offenses committed before admission of state Into Union be- 
cause it alters the situation of offender to his disadvantage 
and is therefore ex post facto. State v. Roelt, 57 P. 532. 

8492 State's attorney may prosecute by information all crimes except 
tbose punishable by death or 20 [formerly seven] years im- 
prisonment. Amending Vt.S. {1867. Vt. 46, 22 N '98 

2493 Qrand Jury. Not to subpena witness for defense of indicted 

person after finding of Indictment. Amending K.S.'89 §4078. 
Mo. p.172. 22 Ap 

2494 Submitting constitutional amendment: no grand Jury to be con- 

vened except by order of judge, but when assembled shall 
have power to indict for all grades of crime. Vole Sovemiter 
1900. Mo. P.3S3 

2496 Amending Ann. S. '99 §8147 relating to abolition of grand jury 
except In certain cases. S. D. 74. 24 F 

2496 Grand jury may reconvene in same term If felony Is committed. 

Tenn. 324, 21 Ap 

2497 Changing time of day at which grand jurors in county courts 

shall be summoned to appear. Vt. 40, 15 JJ '98 

2498 Clerk may be appointed to take testimony before grand jury for 

use of state's attorney. Vt. 45, 22 N '98 

2490 Circuit court may dispense with grand jury for all three terms 

required by law to be beld annually. Amending Code '91 ch.l57 

!1. W. Va. 19, 21 F 

2600 Indictment. Indorsing of certain indictments by prosecutor 

amended (R.S. '89 !40%). Mo. p.l73, 13 Ap ■ 


AdmtnlBtratioD of Justice 


2501 Indictments for felony or misdemeanor not to be made public tflt 
person Indicted Is arrested. Amending R.S.'89 84099. 

Mo. p. 173, 29 My 

2602 But one offense to be charged in Indictment; but Indictment for 

liousebreakiDg may contain count for larceny. Amending 

R.S.'98 14734. TJ. 31, 9 Mr 

Criminal trials 

2503 Oeneral. General act providing for simplification of criminal 

pleadings, 16p. Mass. 409, 25 Jly 

2504 Fixing jurisdiction in criminal cases pending In counties out of 

which other counties have been formed; person awaiting trial 
In jail for two terms of court may be balled. Amending C.L.'97 
§3403. H". M. 25, IC Mr 

2505 County to furnish counsel (or indigent poor In criminal cases In 

district courts. Id. p. 26, 2 F 

2506 Change of venue or judge. Change of venue in criminal case on 

affidavit of two [formerly one] credible electors actual residents 
not related to defendant. Amending Digest '94 S2I65. 

Ark. 93, 4 Ap 

2507 On change of venue In criminal case, judge of court granting 

change has sole power to appoint counsel to prosecute or de- 
fend. Ind, 20, 7 F 

2608 No judge to try any penal case, if related to defendant within 
the sixth degree of consanguinity or if he has acted as counsel 
In the case either for state or defendant. Ind, 202, 4 Mr 

2509 Evideace. Witnesses. Witness' fees and mileage In criminal 
cases amended (Code'06 54583). Ala. p. 59, 23 F 

2610 Mileage and fees of witnesses in criminal proceedings amended 

(R.S.'87 §8151). '93 pM reenacted to correct illegaUty in passage. 

Id. p.172, 9 F 

Amended. Id. p.3e7, 6 Mr 

2511 State, county, township and municipal officers and their em- 

ployees not to receive witness fees for testifying before coro- 
ners, grand juries and In criminal cases; exception. 

Mo. p.221, 12 Ap 

2512 State officers in tbelr official capacities attending as witnesses In 

criminal cases not entitled to compensation. Amending Crlm. P. 
§61& W. Y. 98, 17 Mr 

Sffl3 AttacbmeDt to be issued for grand jury witness about to move 
out of county. Amending Crlm. P. '95 art525. Tex. 144, 25 My 

2514 Witnesses In criminal proceedings In justices' courts may be 
conditionally examined. Amending R.S.'98 {5164. 

U. 57, 9 Mr 

2516 Jury. Verdict Special venire may be waived in capital felo- 
nies where defendant pleads guilty. AU , p.244, 8 F 

Admiulatratioti of Jiutica j 

2516 Five sixths of Jury In misdemeanor caaes may render verdiet. 
Amending R.S.'S? BTT81, 7930. '90-91 p.lGS reenacted to correct 
UleffaUtj/ in passage. Id. p.llO, 6 F 

SS17 Criminal ca.8eB In which punishment is necessarily at hard labor 
are to be tried by Jury of 12, nine Of whom may render verdict; 
cases In which pimiahmentis not necessarily at hard labor may 
be tried by judge witbout jury. La, Const S116, -98. Partly 
noid. Ex post facto legislation In so lar as it applies to 
offenses committed prior to adoption of constitution. State v. 
Ardoin, 24 So.802; State v. Baker, 24 So.240. 
8518 Person charged with offense trialale before court of quarter ses- 
sions may waive trial by jury and be tried before court of 
special sessions. Amending '98, 237. N. J. 89, 22 Mr . 

3519 In petit larceny cases state has two and defendant six peremp- 
tory challenges. Tenn. 36, 27 Mr 
2D20 Opinion based on newspaper reports not to disqualify juror In 
criminal case if he swears he can render impartial verdict. 

Tenn, 383, 22 Ap 
S581 When petit jury in criminal caae Is kept together necessary 
expenses, of jury and officer in charge paid by state. ' 

Vt. 135, 30 N '98 
S58S Appeals. Defendant in criminal case, except capital crimes, on 
appeal to supreme court may give bond; supreme court may 
grant appeal on refusal of trial court. 

Ark. 23. 28 F; 158. 8 My 
2623 Manner of discharging prisoner from custody when Judgment is 
reversed and new trial not ordered, amended (R.S.'ST £8074). 
'97 p. 73 reenacted to correct illegality in passage. 

Id. p.305, 21 F 
2D24 Effect of appeals in criminal cases amended (C.L.'97 13420). 

N. M. 80, 16 Mr 

2585 Manner and time of bringing appeals from courts of special 

sessions, police courts etc. In criminal actions, amended 

(Crlm.F. S759). M". T. 601, 16 My 

2526 When appeal is taken from mayor's court, In cases where the 

offence charged is the violatioo of an ordinance, mayor shall 
send certified copy of ordinance. N. C. 277, 27 F 

2527 MiBoellanBOUs procedure. In criminal cases writ of certiorari 

not granted unless bond is filed, KiMeh filing akall operate at 
supersede as for 10 days. Amending Code '95 v.3 iTGo. 

Ga. p.61, 7 D '98 
8586 Injured party may stay proceedings against person htld on com- 
plaint and warrant when there Is civil remedy. Amending 
R.S. cb.l33 §18. Me. 9, 10 P 


AdmlnixtratloB of jtutica 


25S9 Defendant may fll« afHdavlt of prejudice againet court commit- 
sioner before whom he ie brought for examination, Ameudlog 
G.S. S7169. - Minn. 169, 11 Ap ' 

8S30 Bute of pleading and evidence in crlmlDal proBecntlons tor at- 
tempts to defraud Are Insurance companies. 

Or. p.37, 17 O '98 

SS81 ' When grand Jury Is In session, justice of peace not to try 
criminal cases except on plea of gullL Team. 16. 24 Mr 

2532 Defendants for felony punishable by death or imprisonment for 
five years may demand separate trials, except in case of con- 
spiracy. Vt. 47, 10 N '98 

£633 Defendant whose plea is insanity may be committed to custody 
of superintendent of state hospital to determine sanity. 

Vt 48.. 30 N '98 

3534 Sent«mce. Execution. (See also Penal Institutions— Bentenoe, parole. 

se52) In criminal cases sentence Imposed by Justice of peace In 
excess of lawful penalty shall be valid to extent of lawful pen- 
alty. Amending C.L. 81019. JCich. 189, 2 My 

2535 Disqualification of persons convicted of felony to serve on Juries, 
vote or hold office amended (R.S.'89 §3624). 

' Ho. p.166, 22 Ap 

2636 Justice's certificate of criminal conviction to be filed In circuit 
court or other court having exclusive appellate criminal /ttrls- 
Mction. Amending R.S.'98 S4766. Wis. 67, 29 Mr 

2S3T Witnesses of execution of sentence of death amended ('93 ch.l37 
S3). Ct 26, 23 Mr 

2638 Eegnlatlng time, place and manner of Infliction of death penalty. 
■ Amending R.S.'87 S8009. 8019, 8021-22. ' ' Id. p.340, 18 P 

2638 Death sentences to be executed In penitentiary [formerly county 
Jail); warden's certificate to be entered on records of court; 
body to be returned to friends If requested; expense of trans- 
portation to be borne by state. Amending Code '91 cb.l60. 

W. Va. 2, 18 F 

8640 Flniee. Oosts. Judge of city, town or borough court may remit 
fines or costa. Ct 29, 80 Mr 

SS41 When sentence may be fine or Imprisonment, court may Impose 
fine and conditional sentence of Imprisonment to take effect 
If fine be not paid. Ct 84. 27 Ap 

8642 Costs In criminal cases, how paid. Ct 156, 2 Je 

8543 Prisoners for fine and costs may be discharged when their labor 
at tl [formerly 50c] a day amounts to fine and costs. Amend- 
ing G.L.'88 S3373. Ct 203, 20 Je 

8541 Providing for enforcement of judgments In criminal actions where 
fines and costs are Imposed. Amending R.8.'87 i 6978,7994-86, 
8006,8300,8^0-11. Id. p.379, 13 F 


Admlnlstratloii ot jnstlas 


;S646 Convict to be dlschargefl after serving eight days for S5 fitte, SO 

[formerly 30] days for JIO, SO [formerly 40] days for $20. 

Amending F.S.cli.222 EIS. mass. 226, 1 Ap 

9MS Jail prlBooers may be sentenced to la^r on public works for non- 

, payment of fines and costs. Amending H.S.'89. S3964. 

TOO. p.171, Ig My 
'2647 Clerks to furnlsb county treasurer with copy of criminal cost 
fee-bills and treaeurer to pay same; conditione. 

Mo. p.219. 11 My 
-2548 Prosecutor not entitled to any part of penalty imposed for viola- 
tion of statute, except city or town prosecuting for violation of 
liquor law. Amending P.S.'9l cli.112 623. N. H. 31. 7 Mr 

2649 Compensation of special justice may be taxed as costs in crim- 
inal proceedings. Amending F.S.'91 ch.211 114. 

' N. H. 91, 8 Mr 

2560 In villages a disorderly person wbo, on conviction, la unable to 

pay fine, may be sentenced to county Jail for not exceeding 

one day for each dollar imposed [formerly 20 days]. Amending 

■97 ch.414 1319. M". T. 217, 1 Ap 

2551 Amending Code S3806 relating to collection of fines in tncorpo- 

rated towns. IT. C. 128, 21 F 

2552 In larceny and assault with Intent to murder state or county 

to pay no costs except clerk's and sheriff's. Amending '97,20. 

Term. 307, 22 Ap 
8553 PrlsonoTB. Custody. Traiisportation, (See also Penal InsttiutionB 
— ooDYictB, 361B> Transportation of convicts from place of convic- 
tion to state prison amended (K.S.'87 68504,8008). '97 p. 26 reen- 
acted to correct Ulegality in passage. Id. p.3O0 13 F 

Amended, Id. p.340, IS F 

■■SB54 Payment oC expenses for person convicted In one county and 
by direction of the court Imprisoned la another. 

H. J. 155, 24 Mr 

Crimes and punishments 

[vSw aUo Order aod decencT, IM; also various special ofteiues "under subject} 
"SSSB Repealing certain acts relating to crimes. N. J. 86, 22 Mr 

Ji&Se Lynching. Law to prevent lynching; attorney general may pros- 
ecute; taking of prisoner from officer prima fade evidence of 
failure on part of officer to perform duty and shall be the duty 
of prosecuting attorney or attorney general to Institute Impeach- 
ment proceedings. Ind. 218, 6 Mr 
32557 Homicide. Fixing punishment for assault wltli intent to kill or 
to do great iodilv harm. Amending E.S.'SS S3490. 

3C0. p.161, 22 Ap 


of Jnsticft 


2558 Maximum poniehment for murder in the second degree to be- 
Imprisonment (or life [formerly 30 years]. Amending P.S.'91 
ch.278 S5. M". H. 24. 1 Mr 

85S9 Rftpe. Penalty for carnal abuse of female under 16. one [for- 
merly fire] to 21 years imprls«nment Amending Digest '94 
S1865. Ark. 12, 13 P 

2560 Penalty for Indecent assault upon female under 12 years not 

more than five years Imprisonment Ct. 61, 19 Ap 

2561 Age of consent 17 [formerly 18] years. Amending '35, 39. 

ArL 23, 11 Mr 

2562 Age of consent IS [formerly 14] years. '95 p.l9 reenacted ta 

correct Uicgality in passage, {Amending '03 p.lO). 

. Id. p. 167, 7 F 

2563 Age of consent IS [formerly 14] years. Amending G.S. {16523. 

Minn. 72, 20 Mr 

2564 Age of consent 16 [formerly 14] years. Vt. 118 19 N '98 

2565 Other sexual crimes. (S™ aUo PubUc morals-order and decency, IM) 

Prosecution for seduction to-be suspended on marriage; revived 
on desertion or suit for divorce; wife may testify. 

Ark. 22, 28 F 

2566 Penalty for seduction of girls under IS. 111. p.l48, 19 Ap 

2567 Amending definition ot bigamy; record evidence of marriage not 

necessary. Ind. 239, 6 Mr 

2568 Minor amendment to G.S. '97 §6871 relating to adultery. 

N«b. 106, 31 Mr . 

2569 Fixing punishment for unnatural and lascivious acts. Amend- 

ing P.S.'91 ch.272, N. H. 33, 7 Mr 

2570 If defendant in seduction offers marriage prim- to pleading to 

■indictmentt prosecution shall be dismissed. Amending Pen.C.'95 
art969. Tex. 47, 25 Mr , 

2571 Fornicatlou vrith chaste sane female under IS [formerly 14] 

punishable by not over four years in state prison or not over 
$500 fine or both. Amending B.S.'98 14580. 

Wis. 99. 30 Mr 

S572 Burglary. Definition of burglary In second degree amended 

(R.S.'89 §3526). Ko. p. 161, 31 My; p.l62. 22 Ap 

2573 Possession of burglars' instruments felony. Mo. p. 164, 11 My 

2574 Mailing, mending or possessing burglars' tools prohibited. 

N. H. 5, 14 F 

2575 Defining burglary of a private residence: punishment any term . 

not less than five years. Amending P.C.'95 cb.6. 

Tex. 178, 5 Je 

2576 iMrtxaj. Law relating to reward for information against horse- 

thieves amended slightly (G.L.'88 §134). Ct 96. 11 My 


Adminlfltration of JgvtlM 


a677 Obtaining by false pretense, converting or secreting witb Intent 
to convert personal property of another, whetlier in possession 
or not. la larceny; does not apply to false pretense as to 
ability to pay, vrben payment Is due after delivery, unless In 
signed writing. Uass. 316, 28 Ap 

2678 Stealing of fowls punishable by fine and Imprisonment 

JL I. 672, 24 Uy - 

8579 Definition of grand larceny amended (R.S.'98 S4359). 

IT. 30, 9 Mr 

2580 Embezzlemeot. Amending G.S.'BT cb.lOO £95. defining em- 
bezzlement and dxlng penalty. Kan. 139, 4 Mr 

^S81 False pretences. Penalty for obtaining property under false pre- 
tenses amended ('95, 182). CL 141, 31 My 

S582 Minor amendments to C.S.'97 §6790 relating to obtaining money 
under false pretenses. ITsb. 104, 7 Mr 

Ji583 Defrauding hotel keepers. Misdemeanor to procure entertain- 
ment with Intent to defraud. Ark. 165, 8 M; 

5584 Person who obtains accommodations at hotel or boarding bouse 

with Intent to defraud to be guilty of misdemeanor. 

Kan. 145, 4 Mr 

5585 Misdemeanor to obtain board or lodging by fraud and without 

paying; hotel keepers to post copies of act. Twx. 101, 10 My 

usee Obtaining board or lodging without payment punishable by fine 
of $10 to $50 or Imprisonment 10 to 60 days. 

Wask. 27, 6 Mr 

-S687 Misdemeanor to defraud keeper of hotel. Inn, boarding house or 
restaurant; punishment fine SiS to S200 and imprisonment from 
10 to SO daya [formerly not over six months] ; innkeeper's duty 
to provide honest servants; liaMlity limited to S250 on any property 
except money or jewelry, prot^deA notice is posted requiring valu- 
ables to be deposited. Amending 0.'91 ch,l45 632. 

• W. Va. 48, 24 F 

■SB68 Hiscsllaneoua frauds. CcmTersion. After one year's Imprison- 
ment for failure to pay penalty for fraudulent marriage, court 
may release. Amending '95 gh.7S. Ind. 184, 4 Mr 

2B89 Executing second deed fraudulently a felony If property be worth 
¥50, a misdemeanor If worth less; disposing of mortgaged chat- 
tels worth $50 a felony. If worUi less a misdemeanor. Amend- 
ing R.S.'89 53569-70. Mj>. p.l62, 15 My 

9590 Agents or employees making false entries with Intent to defraud, 
guilty of felony. N. M. 36, il Mr 

3591 Per^n purchasing a stock of goods, wares etc. of another, must 
be furnish^ list of creditors of vendor, otherwise sale pre- 
sumed fraudulent Or. p.248, 24 F 


Admlnlstratloii of jiutice 


8592 Trespass. Ualiclous mischief. Penalty for malicious mlacblef 
amended (B.S.'89 S3586), Mo. p.l63. 24 My 

2693 MisdenieaDor to enter inclosed lands of another after being for' 
fttdden or to enter and curse, insult and annoy owner or any per- 
son rigMfuUy there. Amending '93, 9. W. Va. 59, 25 F 

2594 Vagiantj. Punlsbment for tramps 60 days to 10 months; trial 
justices and municipal and police courts have jurisdiction. Amend- 
ing '89 ch.288- S2. Me. 130, 17 Mr 

2S9fi Vagrants to be imprisoned not over 90 days in jail [formerly or- 
not over sis mouths in poorliouse, at discretion of justice]. 
Amending R.S.'98 11546. • Wis. 91. 30 Mr 

2596 BUsoellaiLeons Crimea. Penalty for destruction of trailing ar- 
butus. Ct. 102, 11 Mr 

2B87 Misdemeanor to fell tree so as to break anotliei-'s fence or ob- 
struct road over two hours. Fla. 119, 2 Je 

25ra Penalty for obstructing railroad trains or street cars. '93 p.6S 
reenacted to correct illegalitv in passage. Id. p.l82, 9 B*" 

2598 Prohibiting wearing of spllied shoes In public building, botel, 
' depot, car or steamboat; act to be posted. He. 5, 10 F 

2600 Felony to breai into or enter barn, granary or outbuilding la 

nigbt with intent to commit crime. Uich. 34, 11 Ap 

2601 Penalty for stealing fmit or injuring trees or vines [formerly 

in July to October] fl [formerly $5] to $100. Amending C.L. 
Sll,645. Mich. 62, 2 My 

2602 Felony to advocate polygamy. Mich. 249, 15 Je- 

2603 Breaking Into schoolbouse or chtirch a misdemeanor; penalty. 

Uo. P.1S4, 17 Uy 

2604 Penalty for (aklng notes, bonds and choses In action out of state- 

for suit In foreign state against resident debtor. 

Mo. p.166. 14 Ap- 

2605 Amending punishment for conspiracy and aid to lotteries. ('98 

ch.235 §37,58). N. J. 87, 22 Mr 

2606 Verbal amendment to O.L.W SUBS relating to penalty for muti- 

lating the body of a person. UT. H. 80, 16 Mr 

2607 Amending Pen.C. S564,relattng to false personation. 

H". T. 327, 17 Ap 

2608 Fixing penalty for abduction of children under 16. Amending 

G.L. ch.277 S21. B. I. 617, 2 Mr 

2609 Digging or pulling ginseng prohibited from March 15 to Septem- 

ber 15. S. C. 64, 2 Mr 

2610 Whitecapping defined; imprisonment two to five years. 

T«ac 126, 20 My 

2611 Felony to burn building erected or used tor public porposes^ 

Amending C.'91 ch.l45 H. W. Vs. 3, '20 F 


state and local goTOnmonfe 


8612 Minor amendment to B.S.'98 S4499 regarding taJse perBonation 
of county officers. ' Wia. 36, 23 Mr 

2813 FuniBbment for mafbem not over 15 [formerly five] years or 
$200 to $5000 [formerly $1000] or both. Amending E.S.'OS 
J4372. Wis. 70, 30 Mr 

8614 Felony to burn Jarm machtnery or any other personal property. 
Amending B.S.'98 £4403. Wia. 240, 22 Ap 

State and local government 

<jS«a. alto PalltlcBl reBDlatlonB. E40: FinaDce. 1K9; Courts, 1904; New coDStltaUona, 
1 p. 364; see al»o Bpecial aubjects. Education, CbarltieB, etc.) 


8615 Public officers. State fe,e and ealary commission created to 
serve two years; Investteate entire subject of official, fees and 
salaries of state, county and townsblp officers. 

Ind. 147, 3 Mr 

Seie Incoming officer to complete alt uu&nlsbed buslneSB begun by 
bis predecessor; duty of sheriff apedally mentionei. Amending 
B.S.'87 S487. Arl. IS, 4 Ur 

8617 liimitlns the absence from the state of state, district and connty 

officers. Amending R.S.'87 8326, 1828. 'S7 p.l5; '90-91 p.21 
reenacted to correct illegaitty in patsage. Id. p.l3, 2 F 

8618 When state, city or county officer bas been successful In a trial 

brought to remove him from office, or to convict him of crime 
,Id the perEormace of his duty, his expenses, In the legal pro- 
ceedings must, on approval by court, be paid by state, city 
or county. M". T. 700, 25 My 

8619 Referring to next legislature amendment to constitution making 

the giving or acceptance of frank or free pass bribery. 

Wifl. J. r. 8, 13 Ap 

8680 Alt officers having custody of money to give bond; surety com- 
panies may be accepted on such bonds and premium due paid 
from public funds. Wy. 94, 21 F 

2621 Official oath amended (E.S.'ST §350). '95 p.l4 reenacted to correct 
iilegality in passage. ' Id. p.234, 14 p 

2628 Civil service. Revision of law; " fitness " examination atKillsbed; 
mayor may appoint city civil service commission, but Its rules 
may be amended or suspended by state commission; classifica- 
tion of service; certain positions exempt; soldiers preferred, 
i H. Y. 370, 19 Ap 


Btate and local govenuueut 


2623 EetabllshlDg civil service rules for emplojees of police abd fire 

departments In cities of 100,000 to 1,000,000; an ex officio board; 
chief examiner. Fa. 25, 4 Ap 

2624 Regulating appointment and dlseliarge of employees In police, 

fire, engineering or sanitary departments of taxing districts; 
quarterly examinations of applicants; dlsmlaaals only after 
bearing; retirement on one tbird salary; pensions for families of 
employees killed on duty. Tenn. 61, 28 Ja 

8626 Records. Commissioner of pvtilic rceards [formerly secretary of 
commonwealth] to furnish Ink for records; approved tjfpewriterg 
alloured; penalty $S to $50. Repealing '94, 378; '98, 510. 

Uass. 3M, 9 My 

2626 County, city and township records not to be removed from ■cus- 

todian's office except on order of competent court or on subpena 
duces tecum. Uicb. 92, 1 Je 

2627 Provincial records and papers to be removed to state library; sec- 

retary of state to report plan for arranging and Indexing. 

H. H. G3. 10 Mr 

2628 No fee for searching public record. Tbuu. 323, 22 Ap 

2629 Altering or Injuring public records a felony; fine np to $5000 or 

one to five years imprisonment; cumulative of all other laws. 

Tex. 163, 5 Je 

2630 Verbal change Id B.S.'98 H14d as to certified copies of public 

records. Wis. 351, 4 My 

2631 Kiscellaneona. Public buildings of the state and of the various 

counties to be Insured. N. M. 23, 1 Mr 

£632 Supplies for state and county Institutions to he purchased, as far 

as practicable, within the state and county i-espectlvely. 

8. S. 130, 2 Mr 
2633 Contractors on public work to give bond to pay laborers and 

material men. Twm. 1S2, 17 Mr 

State government 

Officers and departmeiito. (^^ "^o BlectionE, 652: Legislaturs, Tl£, and speolil 
otBceni under apeclflc beadB, aa Chaiittea, Railways, etc.) 

2634 OIBces of deputy treasurer, deputy auditor and deputy secretary 
of state created salary, $1800; bond. Mon, p.86, 7 Mr 

263D Secretary of state, auditor, treasurer and superintendent of public 
Instruction may each appoint one deputy, who shall also act as 
clerks to state board; salary $125 a month. Wj. 35, 16 £- 

2636 Appointment. Tamu. Term of territorial officers appointed by 
governor to be two years. ArL 9, 21 P 


St&te and local govemmant 

■ LEGISLATION, 1899 203 

3637 Term of state and district officers ameuded. Id. p. 67, 2 F 

3638 ^^'heIl secretary of state, auditor, attorney general or superin- 

tendent of public Instruction Is temporarily unable to perform 

ills duties, governor to appoint a subBtltute. '90-91 p.39 rem- 

' acted to correct Uleyality in paesage. Id. f).21, 2 F 

2639 Fees. Salaries. Salaries of state and district officers to be paid 

quarterly. '90-91 p.204 reenacted to correct itlegalil!/ in passage. 
Id. p.142, 7 P 

2640 State officials whose duties require travel, unpaid boards and 

otJiei'S who act occasionally shall be allowed actual reasonable 
expenses. Haas. 459, 2 Je 

2641 Forbidding the acceptance by state officers of rebates or extra 

compensation In addition to that provided, by law. 

B. C. 66, 6 Mr 

2642 Utacellaiieous. Territorial officers to make their reports by 

October 1. Repealing '97, 14. Art. 28, 11 Mr 

:S643 State officers to procure bonds from surety company in lieu of 
personal bond now required by law; premium to be paid by 
state. Ct. 112, 20 Jc 

'^644 General state officers may close their offices at noon Saturdays. 

B. I. 699, 31 My 

-S64S Abolishing board to regulate employment of extra help in state 
departments. Amending K.S.'98 S169. Wis. 200. 28 Ap 

11646 Treasurer and auditor te report biennially to governor. , 

Wy. G4, 20 F 

3647 OoT«moT. Total compensation of lieutenant governor S1800 

[formerly $1800 and $10 a day during sessions of legislature]. 

Nov. 37, 7 Mr 

"2648 $500 a year ma; be appropriated for clerical service for governor. 
Amending '76, 28. H. J. 60, 21 Mr 

'&648 Secretary [formerly private secretary] to tie appointed by gov- 
ernor and paid salary of $4000. Amending '92 ch.e83 art.l 
53. N. T. II, 21 F 

'S6D0 Contingency fund of $50}) a year at disposal of governor. 

N. D. 66. 7 Mr 

26S1 In addition to salary, $1500, governor to be paid expenses of him- 
self and staff not to exceed $1000. Vt. 129, 30 N '98 

Sesz Executive clerk of governor; term; salary; provision for gov- 
ernor's stenographer repealed. Amending Vt.S. S210. 216, 
5344. Vt. 130. 30 N '98 

5653 Secretary of state. <S«e alio Public dacumeate and printing, TS>) 

Additional cleric In office of secretary of state. Cal. 105, 20 Mr 

5654 Salary of chief of corporation division in department of state 

$1500. mch. 33, 11 Ap 


state and local government 


2655 Salary of chief of building and loan division of department of 

state 51500. Supplementing '95, 269. Mich. 156, 23 Je- 

2656 Fees of eecretary of state ameQded (E.S.'89 S5030). 

Ho. p.217, 24 Mr 

2657 . Amending P.C.'95 |410 relating to feee of secretary of state. 

Mon. p.47, 2 Mr 

2658 To receive salarj of SB500 [formerly $800 and certain fees]. 

Amending P.S.'M cb.286 83. S. H. 104, 11 Mr 

2659 Revision of fees in office of secretary of state. 

Tenn. 2, 25 F; 209, 7 Ap 

2660 To give $25,000 bond with six sureties. Amending E.S.'SS 

art.280I. Teat. 4, 7 P 

3661 Correcting R.8.'98 S140 as to employment of chief clerk by sec- 
retary of state. "Wis. 351, 4 My 

2662 Amending '90-91 cli.95 S13 as to fees of secretary of state. 

/ Wy. 68. 21 F 

2663 State treasurer. (Bee alio state nnancB, Bpaclally Audit and account, 

1072) Bond to be 3150,000 [formerly ¥250,000] and may be 
executed by guarantee companies; state to pay premium. 

Ala. p.242, 1 D '98- 

2664 Bond $125,000 [formerly $75,000]. Amending B.S.'93 ch.24 HU 

'71 ch.24 S5. Del. 201, 16 Mr 

2665 May appoint deputy treasurer. '9S p.lSO reettaeted to correct 

illegality in passage. Id. p.220, 10 F 

2666 Additional bond may be required of treasurer by goeernor and 

»tate atiditor [formerly legislature]; premium for corporate secor- 
ily may he paid. _ Amending G.S. S340. Minn. 96, 25 Mr 

2667 May appoint deputy to serve during his pleasure; salary $iOOO 

[formerly $1800]. Hlim. 2898, 20 Ap; 302, 20 Ap- 

2668 Salary of deputy state treasurer SliOO [formerly $1500]. 

JTm, 65, 14 Mr 

2669 Bonds to be purchased by state from surety company. 

N. H. 141, 11 Mr 

2670 Duties amended slightly (E.S.*68 §2428). V. 67, 9 Mr 

2671 State auditor. Controller. ('See aUo Stat^ flnaDce. speciall]' Audit 

and account, 1072) Salary Of auditor amended (Code '96 51996). 

Alft. p.7e, 30 N '98. 

2672 Creating office of expert controller; salary $2000. Repealing 

•05. 71. Oal. 109, 20 Mr 

2673 Auditor may employ messenger; salary $900. Mass. 151, 16 Mr 

2674 Creating chief clerk for auditor general; salary $1600; astistant 

$1400. Mich. 161, 23 Je 

2675 Duties of auditor amended slightly (R.S.'88 !2421, 2423). Re- 

pealing fi.S.98 12422-23. V. 66, 9 Mr 


St&t« and local gov«nimeiLt 


£676 Attorney g«n«ra]. Salary tiSOO [formerly 51500]. Amending 
Digest '9i S6814. Ark. ISl, 8 My 

E677 Duties slightly amended; annual [fomieriy biennial] report to 
general assembly [formerly or governor]. Ameading '07 cb.191 
S2, 5. . Ct. 155, 2 Je 

8678 To prosecute all civil actions brought Id name of state or of state 
ex rel. state boards; no bond for costs or damages. 

Ind. 133, 2 Mr 

2679 Creating chief law clerk for attorney general; salary $1500. 

Idjch. Ifll, 23 Je 

2680 Salary of second assistant attomej general $2000 [formerly 

$1500]. Eepealing G.S. £7963 ^[3. Klnn. 139, 8 Ap 

2681 Allowed an additional law clerk. Fa. 88, 28 Ap. 

5682 Revision of law aa to attorney general; term four (foi-merly two 

years]; palary S&OOO [formerly $1200]. Wy. 22, 15 P 

5683 ICiscellaneous offlcere. Salary of commissioner of public works 

tSSOO [formerly $3000]. Bepealing '93,232; '97.28. 

' Cal. 126, 21 Mr 

2684 State examiner authorized to appoint assistants. 

N. B. 151, 8 Mr 
SeSB Fees of state engineer. Amending '95 ch.45 £4 and ch.62 |6. 

Wy. 79, 21 P 

!i686 Contractors on state woik to give bond to pay for labor and 
material. Wis. 292, 28 Ap 

2687 Boundary. Commission on northern boundary of state author- 

ized. Oa. }. r. p.402, 20 D '9a 

2688 Establishing boundary between Massachusetts and New Hamp- 

shire. JSass. 369, 12 My 

S089 Establishing portion of boundary between Massachusetts and 

Rhode Island. Mass. 476, 3 Je; B. I. 683, 26 My ' 

2680 Providing for the institution of an action in supreme court or for 
creation of comnjlaslon to determine boundary between Mis- 
souri and Nebraska. Ho. p.l47, IS My 
26&1 Authorizing Joint commission to settle boundary between Wash- 
ington and Oregon. Wash. j.r. p.3T7, 3 Mr 

2692 Immigration. Board of immigration commissioners abolished. 

. Eepealing '95. TO. Ari. 3, 24 Ja 

2693 pounty commissioner of immigration may be appointed in coun- 

ties having asaesaed valuation of $6,000,000. ArL 45, 15 Mr 
S6M Establishing a bureau of Immigration, labor and statistics la 
accordance with state constitution; to collect and publish In- 
formation concerning resources and labor interests of state; 
term of commissioner two years. Id. p.3d4 2 Mr 


state and local goT«nim«iit 


2695 Bound of agriculture to promote Immigration. Repealing '97, 85. 

B". C. 377, 4 Mr; 720, 8 Mr 

2696 Annual approiiriation of $500 for printing to promote Immigra- 

tion. If. D. 101, 6 Mr 

2697 Establishing state tioard of Immigration. Wis. 279, 27 Ap 
2688 Repeallog '88, 34 autborizing publications to encourage immigra- 
tion. Wy. 64, 20 P 

2699 Oapitol. Creating board of capltol commissioners to erect new 

capitol; not to exceed $1,000,000. Ark. 128. 17 Ap 

2700 Office of custodian of state capltol created; duties; reports; police 

power. Kan. 242, 4 Mr 

2701 State capltol decorations, cabinets, specimens, etc. not to be 

loaned or received from state buildings. Nev. 54, 10 Mr 

2702 Board of capltol commissioners to consist df governor, lieutenant- 

governor, seeretary of state, state controller and state treasurer; 
governor chairman; record of transactions. Amending '87 
ch.34. Nev. 59, 11 Mr 

2703 Creating office of superintendent of capltol; salary $900; term two 

years. . Tenn. 198, 14 Mr 

S704 Buildings. Providing for a governor's residence; $50,000. 

Cftl. 60, 7 Mr 

2706 Creating fund to maintain governor's residence; $2500 a year. 

Cal. 115^ 20 Mr 
S706 Appropriating $25,000 for an executive mansion. Keb. 72, 1 Ap 

2707 State architect of public buildings to be appointed; term of office 

four years; salary $5000. 111. p. 79, 24 Ap 

3708 Capltol commissioner hereafter to be known as state architect; 
assistants; duties. Repealing '93 ch.227 §6-12. 

IT. T. 5G6, 12 My 

2709 $20,000 appropriated for construction of electric light plant for 

capltol and executive mansion. 111. p.48, 21 Ap 

2710 Powers of constable given to custodian of public buildings, his 

appointees, state house engineer and assistants. In state bouse 
and grounds. Ind. 10, 3 F 

2711 Repealing R.S.'89 eh.l50 relating to contract for lighting state 

buildings by electricity. ' Mo. p.363, 31 My 

2712 Property supplies. Creating custodian of public documents and 

supplies; appointed by secretary of state; salary $1200. 

Hlnn. 137, 7 Ap 

2713 Inventory of all personal pi-operty tielonglng to state to be filed 

by officials with secretary of state on taking office. 

Tex. 171, 5 Je 


state and local goTenuuent 


S714 Custody and dispoBal of nnased office eapplies by sergeant-at- 
arms; fumlslilDg of statlouerr and office supplies to state offi- 
cers. Vt. 13G, 30 N '98 

2715 SuperlDtendent of public property to advertise for bids for sta- 

tionery In I^dlson and Milwaukee [formerly Clilcago also]. 
Amending R.S.'98 £289. Wis. 35, 23 Mr 

2716 State examiner to keep Inventory of chattels belonging to state; . . 

state officers and boards to furnlsb such inventory annually. 
Wy. 62, 20 F 

2717 Institutions. Joint committees to investigate state institutions. 

Ari. P.8T, 21. Ja 

2718 Institutions supported wboUy or in part by state to file with 

controller, on request, a quarterly financial statement. 

Ct. 194, 15 Je 

2719 Committees to visit state institutions shall consist of not more 

than three from senate and nine from house; expenses. 

Oa. p.l(^, 20 D 'OS 

2720 Expenses of legislative committee to Tlslt state Institutions to be 

paid by state treasurer on auditor's warrant Amending '97 
ch.l6. . Ind. 2, 16 Ja 

2721 Boards of trustees of certain state institutions to receive S300 and 

expenses not to exceed $100. Ind. 208, 6 Mr 

2722 Cities under 10,000 may issue bonds not over $16,000 for sites for 

state Institutions.. Klnn. 296, 19 Ap 

2723 In purchasing supplies for state Institutions preference Is to be 

given to products raised in the state. M". T. 32, 28 F 

2724 State revenue agent shall investigate all state institutions whea 

required by governor. Amending R.S.'95 art.5058. 

Tex. 23, 9 Mr 

3725 Flag. Seal. Flower. Submitting constitutional amendment 

providing for state flag. Tote November 1900. Fla. j. r, 4 

2726 Adopting design for great seal. '90-91 p. 215 reenacted to correct 

illegality in passage. Id. p. 147, 7 F 

2727 State seal to be " the great seal of the state " and to be kept by 

governor. Amending Vt.S. S175. Vt. 5, 29 N '98 

2728 White and lavender columbine to be state flower. 

Col. 139, 4 Ap 

2729 Oregon grape, Berberis aquifoHum, to be state flower. 

Or. p.]131, 91 Ja 

2730 State parka. Misdemeanor to Injure trees or deposit rubbisli in 

Maclilnac island state park; superintendent may appoint special 
police. Amending '95, 222, Uicli. 133, 21 Je 

2731 Ceesiona to Unitad States. Ceding jurisdiction to United Statea 

over all lands that shall be acquired by it for public purposes. 
Ct. 37, 5 Ap; m. p.375, 11 Ap; Mlna. 83, 22 Mr; IT. T. 242, 5 Ap 


state and local govemment 


2732 Ceding juriedictlon to United States pver lands purchased for pub- 

lic purposes. '95 p. 21 reenacted to oorrect illegalit]/ in pasgajje. 
Id. p.235. 14 P 

County and township government 

•(See also L.oi;al flnance, .1480; aUo Bpeolflo lunctlODE ol countlOB and towns— RoadB, . 

Charities, Jail, DralDage, ete.) 
Organization. Oreatloii 

2733 Oeneral. General law regulating county buBlnees; creating 

county council or seven members with exclusive power to fix 
taxes and appropriations, borrow money, buy and sell county 
real estate. 22p. Ind. 154, 3 Mr 

S734 New countiee. Duties of commissioners of elections amended as 
to contests in elections for fornlation of new counties or chang- 
ing county lines ('96, 35). S. C. 46, 28 F 

2735 County seats. County lines may be changed when part of county 

seat city lies in adjoining county; area of counties not to be 
reduced below 475 square miles. Amending '97, 308. 

. Minn. 32, 1 Mr 

2736 PeOtidu to change county seat not to be circulated or filed for Ave 

years after special election. Amending G.S. §651. 

Hinn. 112, 3 Ap 

2737 Removal of county seat must be submitted to vote on petition of 

tTiree fifths [formerly two thirds] of electors. Amending R.C.'96 
11881. H. D. 70, 9 Mr 

'CommisBicm«TS. SnpervlBOTB ISee alto AdmlnlBtration at Justice— Count; courts, 
1980; In man; Boutbern atatea these hSTe Eeneral admin latraCi re duties) 

2738 Creating county board of commissioners to consist of an elected 

supervisor and two commissioners appointed by the governor on 
recommendation of members of the general assembly from the 
county; such board to have functions of county supervisor, 
county board of commissioners and township boards of commis- 
sioners. S. C. 1, 12 Ja; 2, 2 Mr; S6, 6 Mr 

2739 Election. Term. Judge of superior court may fill vacancies in 

commlBstoners of roads and revenues where law fails to pro- 
Vide for such cases. Oa. p.93, 20 D '98 

2740 Amending term of olBce of county commissioners. 

K. K. 30, » Mr 

.2741 One [formerly two] county commissioner for two years and one 

for four pears to be chosen at each general election. Repealing 

R.S. 81799. Wy. 11, 9 F 

-3742 Salaftes. Fixing salaries of supervisors in countiee of first class. 

AxL 25, 11 Mr 


state and local ^Tflnuosnt 
1899 209 

Ji743 Regulating salaries of county com miss loners. Ind. 241, 6 Mr 
ST44 Salar; of commissioners of counties of 200,000 $1200. 

Ulnn. 28, 26 F 

2745 Generally amending G. S. g665 as to pay of commissioners. 

Minn. 177, 14 Ap 

2746 Amending compensation of commissioners ('97, 60). 

N. U. 25, 1 Mr; 24, 1 Mr 

2747 Compensation of commissioners of counties of less than 50,000 

amended. Or. p. 232, 22 F 

2748 KeetiDgs. To be held In September and June Iformerlf Jul;]. 

Amending R.S.'97 cli.34 §49. lU. p.363, 22 Ap 

2748 Call for special meeting of county commissioners to state busi- 
ness to be done; unlawful to transact any otber. 

Ind. 47t 17 F 

2750 Commissioners In counties of less tban 25,000 to meet regularly 

on first Mondays of JanuEtry, April, July and October. 

Kan. 96. 4 Mr 

2751 In counties of 50,000 to meet at least twice eacb week; salary. 

Ean. 97, 4 Mr 

2752 To meet on first Tuesdays [formerly Mondays] of January, April, 

July and October. Amending Ann.S.'99 5880. S. D. 66, 4 Mr 

2758 Poweirs. Miscellaneous. Time of taking official oatb by county 

commissioners amended (B.S.'ST §355). '95 p.l39 reenacted to 
correct illegality in passage. Id. p.67, 2 P 

IZTM Amending publication of records of county commissioners and 
manner of appealing from tbeir acts (R.S.'87 S1759, 1776-79). 
'95 p.SO reenaeted to correct illegality in passage. 

Id. p.248, 14 F 

-2T6S Proceedings of supervisors in counties having cities of 250,000 
may In addition to regular pamphlet volume be printed In dally 
newspaper. Amending "92 ch.686 il8. N. Y. 208, 1 Ap 

2766 Chairman of board of commissioners may administer oaths. 

N. a. 89, 13 F 

2757 Commissioners may appoint a clerk; exception. Pa. 53, 18 Ap 

2768 Wien commissioners' courts can not secnre publication of notices 
at legal rates, copies shall be posted at courthouse and in eacb 
commiHsioner'B district. Tex. 31, 16 Mr 

2759 Chosen freelioldera. Amending duties and salary of clerk of 

board of chosen freeholders ('79, 169). 

N. J. 29, 15 Mr; 216, 24 Mr 
S760 Incorporated towns not part of any township to be entitled to 
representation on board of chosen freeholders. 

N. J. 82, 22 Mr 


state and local ^vernment 


2761 Amending R.S.'46 p.l81 relating to chosen (reeholdera; term of 

office io counties of less than 160,000. M". J. 170. 24 Mr- 

Offlcers. {Bee alio Recorden ot deeilii, 1540) 

2762 General. Manner of drawing Jurors for trial of Impeachment 

proceedlngH against member Of court of county com misa loners, 
board of revenue or jury commission. Ala. p.l05, 23 F 

2763 County commissioners may remove for cause after hearing jus- 

tices of the peace and other county officers not liable to im- 
peachment Wy. 7, 7 K" 
8764 Governor may order attorney general to Investigate cases against 
county officers and present them to district court in case county 
, prosecutor fails to act. Wy. 96, 21 F 

2765 County offlcials not to buy goods for county use from any store in 

which they or their relatives by blood or marriage are inter- 
ested, unless by sanction of majority of boavd, or unless pur- 
chase Is as cheap as elsewhere. Ga. p.l05, 22 D "98 

2766 County commissioners to provide public offices for sheriff, sur- 

veyor and county superintendent of schools. Ind. 205, 6 Mr 
S767 Semiannual bills for postage of county treasurer, auditor and 
register may exceed S15. Amending G.S. S644. 

Minn. 332, 20 Ap 

2768 Amending P.C.'95 H33'i relating to amount of bonds of county 

officers. Hon, p.77, 7 Mr 

2769 Filling of vacancies in county offices amended (E.S.'93 §2£12). 

S. 0. 54, 28 F 

2770 Unintentional failure of county officer to file bond or take oatti 

does not cause vacancy. Amending R.S.'SS 5701. 

Wis. 3. 28 F 

, 2771 Saturday half lioliday. Clerks in county and municipal offices 

in cities of 300,000 and countJes adjoining such cities to hare 

half holiday Saturday afternoons. Uo. p. 64, 13 Uy 

2772 Salaries. F«ee. Generally amending compensation of county 

and district officers; counties reclassified for purposes of this, 
act. Amending '91 p.307. Col. 134, II Ap 

2773 Fees and compensation of county officers amended (R.S.'87 

S27e, 2145, 2161). '90-91 p.l74; '93 p.39; '97 p.fil reenacted to 
correct Ulegality in passage. Id. p.ll6, 9 F 

2774 Fixing maximum and minimum salaries for county officers; 

county commissioners to determine exact amount; manner of 
payment. Id. p.405, 7 Mr 

2776 Fixing salaries and fees of certain county officers. Amending 
certain sections of '97, 131. Kan. 141, 4 Mr 

2776 Salaries in counties of 500,000 to 800,000 amended ('91, 240). 

Pa. 9, 21 Mr 


state and local govemmeut 


2777 County board may pay deputy county cleric and deputy treasurer. 

Amending R.S.'98 6706, 7U. WIb. 155, 11 Ap 

S778 County traasurer. [fin aluo Local floaDce, speclaUy Audit and account. 

UTS) May appoint deputy treasurers In countlea having as- 

aesaed valuation of $3,000,000. Art 53, 16 Mr 

277B Amending C.L. {2518 as to feea of treasurers for transcripts. 

lUch. 211, 1 Je 
S780 Commisslonera may allow $600 clerk hire for treasnrei's ^here 

salary la fixed by special laws. Mtnu. 89, 22 Mc- 

2781 Verbal correction o( P.C.'96 S4638 relating to fees of treasurer. 

Hon. p.49, 22 F 

2782 May be removed by governor. Amending '92 ch.GSl {23. 

.N. T. 238, 4 Ap 
8783 Fixing salary of treasurer. Amending H.C.'95 (2080. 

N. D. 6T, Mr 

2784 Bond not to be leas than S^OOO [formerly $1000]; to 1>e executed 

by surety company; premium paid by county. 

N. D. lie, 2 Mr 

2785 To enter office first Monday In October after election. 

OkL II art.5, 2 Mr 

8786 Salaries of county treasurers fixed. Or. p.246, 24 F 

8787 Auditor. Controller. <«« aim Local flnuice, apeclally Audit anil 

accooat, 1478) Fixing salary of audltora. Amending It.C.'582073. 
N. D. 50, 8 Mr 

2788 Where auditor does not receive maximum legal salary he may 

retain transfer fees. Amending '97 ch.I2G £95. 

N. D. 135, 10 F 

2789 Duties of controller in counties coextensive with cities of 

1,000,000 amended sllghtiy ('01, 13). Fa. 129, 6 My 

2790 Count; clerk. County clerk of city and county of 120,000 may 

appoint deputies. OtLl. 2G. 'SO, as amended by '91, 7. Uncon- 
stitutional. Legislature can not pass special or local laws 
creating offices in cities and counties. City and county of San 
Francisco v. Broderick, 57 P. 887. 

2791 To provide books and blanks for aaaeaaors, town clerka and 

treasurers. Amending B.S.'98 |1032. Wis. 171, 13 Ap 

2792 Surveyor. Duties of county survoyor; manner of surveying and 

marking county lines; feea. '97 p.l9 reenacted to correct UlegaUty 
tn patsage. Id. p.295, 16 F 

2793 To have same compensation for work done by deputies as though 

done by themselves. Amending '91 ch.30. Ind. 88, 24 F 

8794 Surveyors' minutes of surveys to be filed with registers of deeds. 

HlclL 195, 10 My 


state and local ^T«nmi«iit 


279S AmeDdlng G.S.'&7 S310B relatlug to fees of BUTveyor; in couatlei 
of 50,000 salary to be paid and fees turned over to treasurer. 

Neb. 32, 24 Mr 
S796 Protecting meridian monuments and atandards of meaaure at 
county seats; aurreyora to test tbelr inatrumenta annually. 

H. C. 665, 8 Mr 
2797 Duties of county surveyor. Okl. 11 art.4, 2 Mr 

. 2798 Salary amended (R.S.'98 S2057). V. 71, 9 Mr 

2799 Courthouses and bnildinss. Misdemeanor to mar county build- 
ings; county commissioners may appoint county police. 

Uaaa. 198, 28 Mr 
S800 Bonds not exc«>ding f425,000 for public bnildlngs may be issued 
by counties of 5O,0CW to 150,000, Amending '95, 28S. 

N. J. 142, 24 Mr 

2801 General law regulating letting of contracts for public bulldinga, 

by county commissioners. Ind. 110, 27 P 

9802 Autborlztng county commissioners to condemn land for public 

buildings'; procedure. Ind. 54. 22 P 

2803 Unlawful for commissioners to construct courthouses In conntles 

of over 25,000 unless 500 resident freeholders petition. 

lud. 53, 21 F 
8804 Amending erection of county courthouses and clerk's and recor- 
der's offloea (E.S.'89 13107, 3108). Mo. p.l34, 5 My 
280B County record, IBte alto Recordera of deeds, 1640) When new 
county is created, records affecting Its real estate are to be 
copied. N. M. 70, 16 Mr 
2806 Probate cleric, as ex oOclo recorder, to make Indexes to all Instru- 
ments affecting real estate to other documents required to be 
recorded. N. 31. 80, 16 Mr 

8807 Hlacellaueous. Amending '91 ch.83 g3 relating to county print- 

ing. Arl. 17, 3 Mr 

8808 Submitting constitutional amendment requiring county commis- 

sioners to divide county into five districts. Tote November 1900. 
Fla. j.r. 3 

B809 When county lines have been changed, commissioners may 
district county at special meeting of board. Amending R.8.'87 
S1748. Id, p.164, 7 P 

9810 Stationery for cottnty officers to be purchased by committee con- 
Hstine of auditor, treastirer and chairman of commisgianers I for- 
merly by board of commissioners] ; advertising not required. 
Amending R.C.'96 {1906, 192S. H. D. 69, 9 Hr 

8811 Fnmlshlug of Btation«7 and office supplies to county clerks. 

Vt 186, 30 N '98 


state and local 


2812 Counties to procure their own blanks. Repealing '97, 35 requir- 

ing state printer to furnish. WaBh. 84, 13 Mr 


2813 General. General law creating townsbip advisory boards witb 

power to reject trustee's estimates, levy townsiiip tax, audit 

trustee's accounts, accept or reject bids for work; duties o( 

trustees. Ind, 105, 27 P 

8814 General law relating to townships. Revision. If. J. 109, 24 Mr 

2815 Classifying townslilps; general law for government of townships 

having 300 to Square mile. Pa. 86, 28 Ap 

2816 Organization. Any city composed of five or more congressional 

townsbipa may organize its territory into one township. 

HI. p.91, 24 Ap 

* 2617 Limiting size and population of territory to be organized Into 

towns; other amendments to '95, p.319 relating to alteration of 

town boundaries. 111. p.3€2, 22 Ap 

2818 Partially depopulated townships may be attached to adjoining 
townships; Indebtedness. Ean. 277, 4 Mr 

2810 County commissioners on petition of 13 voters may separate con-, 
tiguous congressional townships embraced In separate organ- 
ized towns. Kinn. 197, 13 Ap 

2820 Any congressional township or fractional township bordering on a 
lake containing more than 18 sections, may be organized into sep- 
arate civil township; commissioners, auditor and county Judge 
to distribute property and apportion debt. Amending R.C.'95 
SK33^5. M". D. 60. 8 Mr 

S821 Election for vacation of town to be held on petition of 30 fres- 
bolders constituting one third the legal voters; county board 
may vacate on majority vote. Wis, 253, 26 Ap 

2822 Ueetlngs. Towns may bold regular toirn meeting on general 

election day; terms of certain town officers. Amending '00, 
589. N. T. 145. 27 Mr 

2823 Township meeting to be held on second [formerly first] Tuesday 

in March. Amending R.C.'95 §2540. H. D. 159, 6 Mr 

2824 Town board may submit to vote change of place of town meeting. 

Wis. 338. 3 My 

2825 Offloew. Term of town treasurers to be tteo [formerly one] 

years; exceptions. Ct. 21, 21 Mr 

2826 First selectman of any town may administer oaths. 

Ct. 42. 5 Ap 

8827 Selectmen in towns of 15,000 to give bonds when they are finan' 

clal agents of town. Ot 191, 15 Je 


■ta.ta and local goTammmt 


2828 Townsblp treasurer to make annual Btatetnent to towiiablt» 
board; statement to be posted at townsblp elections. 

E&n. 39, 6 Ja 

2828 Constitutional amendment allowing legislature to abolish powers 
of townsbip commissioners and overseers of blgbways. Adopted 
April 18S9. ULlch. j. i. S 

2830 Townsblp board of superrlsora to meet on third [formerly last] 
Tuesday of Marcb. Amending '07, 140. N. D. 160, 21 F 

8881 Term of Bupervisor to be three [formerly one] years. 

S. D. 81, 16 F 

2832 Amending '97, 62 relating to place of holding elections and meet- 

•Ings of superrlBors lu cItU townships. 8. D. SS, 6 Mr 

2833 Bonds of town officers to be recorded by clerk; certified copies 

may be used aa evidence. Amending TtS. J2994. 

Vt. 61, 15 N '88 ' 

2834 Meetings of town supervisors may be held In adjoining town or 

city. Amending R.S.'98 {783. Wis. 86, 30 Mr 

2836 Correcting R.S.'96 S40S3 as to compelling witness to attend In* 

veatlgatlon by town board. Wis. 361, 4 My 

2836 Buildings. Townships may, after vote, acquire land and bnlld 

public buildings for township; restrictions. Kan. 278, 6 Mr 

2837 Electors at any biennial [formerly annual] town meeting ma;r 

vote money for townhonse; bonds may be Issued. Amending 

■90 ch.569 S190. N. T. 081, 5 My 

2888 Becords. Selectmen to keep volumes of town records In repair, 

Ct. 163, 9 Je 

2839 Towns may pay for prlnUng town records. Mass. 171, 21 Mr 

2840 Town clerks to keep an Index of deeds, mortgages etc. Amend- 

ing G.L. ch.41. B. I. 663, 19 My 

2841 Soals. Town^ shall establish seals. Mass. 256, 10 Ap 

Municipalities"— incorporation, powers 

2842 Incorporation. Governor to appoint a commission to revise and 

codify laws relating to cities and Incorporated towns. 

M". J. 205, 24 Mr 

a The usage at tornos designfttlnR local bodlsg Tsrlaa wEdeLj' In aKrerent Btste». The word 
tmmicipalitji ia herein throughout used to its orlRlnAl and slrlctest meaclni; to deetKxate any 
(Knaelu popTdaltd, Incorporated comrouiiity : thus iDcludrng cltleB. villoftpg, boroughs and 
"towns" (as a name for TlUsges) but not Including: townships. Where the word tovm [g uied 
to deelEoate in general the Bmallent dlTlsion of (ha ncate regardleas oF dense population, It li 
■roiip«d with township government, though In the case of the New England towns the 
nature of the goTernment approache* more neartf that of a muDicipalltTlhan that of a west- 
ern township. 

In many states, munlcipalilier. specially citles.aredJTlded into classes according topopulft- 
tlOD. As tbe classlflcatiou yarlee widely, the I'mlts of population designated thereby are la 
these references substituted for the number of the olsss. 


state and local 


5843 Oeneral law for the goTernment of cities of 1000 to 15,000 and 

vlllagee of 200 to 1000; mayor, clerk, treasurer and engineer 
to be elected for one year; police Judge and couuclltneu for 
two years; village trustees to be five in number and to be 
elected for oue year; corporate powers; duties of mayor and 
police judge. '93 p.97 reenacted to oorrect illegalitv in passage. 
Id. p.l^, 10 F 

5844 Cities and villages wishing to Incorporate may frame charters 

under constitutional amendment. Amending '97, 280, 

Minn. 351. 20 Ap 

SS45 MuolclpaJltiea under 3000 may disincorporate on petition of one 
halt [formerly fourth] and tico thirds [formerly majority] vote; 
delinquent property may be redeemed on paj/nwnt of sum due had 
disincorporatiOTi not Occurred. Amending '95, 125. 

Cftl. 17, 17 F 

2846 Reorganization of municipal corporations nnder higher or lower 

class to be submitted to rote on petition of one fifth of electors. 

Cal. 62, 8 Mr 

S84T Town and village law (R.S.'S7 ptl t.l3) amended aa to election 
and duties of assessors and attorneys; as to powers of trus- 
tees and magistrates; territorial limits may be extended; other 
amendments. '90-91 p.lS9 reenacted to correct illegality in pas- 
sat/e. Id. i).l06, fl P 

S&4S Providiug for consolidation of iucorporatecl cities, towns and vil- 
lages. Id. p.359, 25 P 

8S48 Minor amendment to *97 ch.l56 SI relating to succession of a 
newly created municipality to property of municipalities out of 
which it is formed, N. J. ]27, 23 Mr 

2860 Election to abolish municipal corporation to be orJered on peti- 
tion of 100 taxpaying voters, or of majority if majority is less 
than JOO. Amending R,S.'95 art,617t), Tex. 145. 25 My 

2851 Annexation. Minor amendments to '8d p,66 regarding annex- 

ation of parts of cities, towns and villages to cities, towns and 
villages. 111. p.S7, 12 Ap 

2852 50 [formerly five] freeholders may aak for annexation to munic- 

ipality; municipality must contain 100 residents and $5000 real 
estate. Amending '77, 121. Teun. 31% 20 Ap 

2853 Hiscellaneous. Manuer In which names of cities, towns and vil- 

lages may be changed; petition; special election. '90-91 p.l27 
reiaacted to correct itteyallty <a passage. Id, p. 82, 2 F 

2864 Municipal olflcers, when notified of intenlion to make conditional 
gift to city or town, shall call meeting to vote on acceptance. 
Amending '87, 11. Ke. 44, 8 Mr 


) and local ^vemmeRt 


2855 Franchises. Municipalities to grant no franchises for over 30 

years; to reserve right to purchase property on expiratioa. 

Tltk. 198, 2 Je 

2856 Repealing '91. 200 prohibiting counella in cities of 50,000 to 100,000 

from altering or extending franchises of street railways, gas, 
electric light or steam heating companies. Ind. 50, 18 F 

2857 Corporations dealing In artificial cold and refrigerating materials 

may dig up streets with consent of local authorities. 

TSaas. 453, 2 Je 

2858 Franchises to be submitted to vote In cities of 36.000. 

Twin. 201. 12 Ap 
2858 Direct logislation. Referendum may be demanded by 40% of 
Toters In Incorporated towns, within 30 days after passage of 
any ordinance to purchase water or light plant or grant any 
franchise; If voters reject, no similar ordinance shall be enacted 
within three years. Ind. 131, 2 Mr 

2860 Manner of carrying Into effect Initiative and referendum as ap- 

plied to, municipal legislation; petition; publishing of law; 
ballots; election. S. D. 94, & Mr 

Glties. l^owns 

2861 Incorporation. General law for the govemniest of cities of 

less than 12,000 accepting it by vote. N. J. 62, 21 Ur 

2862 General law for Incorporation as cities of towns, boroughs or 

territory of over 5000. N. J. 268, '95. UnconstitutUmal. Pro- 
vision that laws applicable to other cities, even if general, are 
not to apply to cities under this act makes the act a special one, 
and therefore unconstltutionaL Mayor, etc. of Dover v. Grey, 
42 A. 674. 
0863 General law for the amending of town and city charters; any 
amendment not Inconsistent with constitution and laws of 
state may be adopted on petition of majority of freeholders 
and majority Tote of electors, S. C. 42, 2 Mr 

2864 Generally amending laws governing cities of 36,000. 18p. 

Tenn. 204, 12 Ap; 303, 20 Ap 

2865 General act defining powers of unclassified cities specially char- 

tered before adoption of present constitution. 

Wa^h. 69, 13 Mr 

2866 Amending '91, 97 for Incorporation and government of cities of 

100.000 Ind. 204, 4 Mr 

2867 Generally amending '95, 215; '97, 239 as to incorporation of cities 

under 10,000. 19p. Hich. 136, 21 Je 

2868 " Establishment " of city corporation means " incorporation and 

organization of government"; village officers to adt till city 
officers qualify. Amending '97, 61. Minn. 52, 11 Mr 


state and local ^vatunuil 


2869 Minor amendmeDts to '97, 30 for government of certain cities of 

less than 12,000. N. J. 63. 21 Mr 

S870 Any city, town, borougb or townsliip of 12,000 may Incorporate 

as a city; officers and th^ir powers; general regulations. 
V N. 7. 135, 24 Mr 

2871 Generally amending '9S, 1S2 for government of cities of 50,000 

to 250,000. N. T. 581, 12 My 

287^ Petition for lucorporatlon of city must be signed by 100 real 

property taarpaj/ert who are electors [formerly by 100 electors]. 

Amending B.S.'OS 9169. 7. 55, 9 Mr 

2873 Special election on advancing class of towns and cities may be 

called. Amending '90 ch.7 S16. Wajsh. 60, 13 Mr 

2874 Actions iavolving validity of proceedings in adopting provision* 

of general city cbarter law limited to tliree months. 

■Wis. 165. 12 Ap 

2875 Newly created dly detached sliall have transcript of public rec- 

ords. Amending R.S.'OS §959 subdlv.S. Wis. 361, 4 My 

2676 Classes. Classifying cities. ' S. B. 61, 4 F 

ii877 Annexation. Division. Boundaries. Cities and towns embrac- 
ing two thirds the assessable property formerly contained in 
disincorporated municipalities not over 3000 may succeed to 
public property and debts. Oal. 18, 17 B* 

2878 Towns and cities may annex uninhabited territory. 

Cal. 41, 2 Mr 

2870 Providing for division of Incorporated towns. HI. p.74, '91. 

Uncongtitutional. Special law, not applying to all territories of 
at least one square mile having 1000 population; defective 
tlUe. People v. Martin, 178 111. 611. 

2880 Cities and towns made liable for indebtedness on school prop- 

erty in annexed territory. Ind. 163, 3 Mr 

2881 County commissioners to As boundaries of cities and towns of 300 

to 1500 on petition of Ave electors. Wash. 79. 13 Mr 

2882 Wards. If any ward exceeds in population any three other wards 

combined, city must be redistrlcted into more ne.ariy equal 
wards; offlcers already elected or appointed for old wards to 
serve their term. 3S. J. 4. 28 F 

2883 Buildings. Property. City whose public buildings are damnged 

by cyclone may levy annual tax for restoring them. 

111. p.103, 24 Ap 

2884 Land owned by city of 30,000 to 40.000 may under certain restric- 

tions be sold by mayor and council to obtain funds for site and 
erection of public building; bonds for this purpose may tie 
issued by cities of 15,000. Kan. 82, 1 Mr 


state and loc&l ^Temment 


2885 Vacation of public grounds In cities of 50,000 not allowed except 

on terms specified In resoluOon. Minn. 79, 21 Mr 

2886 Cities of 50,000 may condemn land for public markets. 

Minn. 292, 19 Ap 

2887 "Cities and towns of 45,000 may acquire and hold lands for hos- 

pital, park or other municipal purpose's. B. C, 88, 15 F 

2888 Couneila of cities not over 20.000 may lease unopened streets on 

water front Wash. 52, 8 Mr 

2889 Powers. Town and city councils not to prescribe less penalty , 

than statute; conviction under ordinance bars prosecution In 
state courts. Art. 36, 6 Mr • 

2890 Minor amendment to '97 p.48 relative to licensing power of cities 

of 30,000 to 100,000. Mo. p.T8, 2 Je 

2891 City councils may adopt such ordinances as general welfare de- 

mands, not repugnant to constitution and laws o[ state. 
Amending '97, 102. M". D. 40, 8 Mr 

2892 Minor amendment to corporate powers of cities of 2500 (Okl.S.'dS 

ch.l4 artl m. Okl. 8 art.2, 13 Mr 

2893 Powers of municipal corporations of 100 to 10.000 [formerly 5000]. 

Amending '97, 292. S. C. 37, 3 Mr 

2894 Hlscellaiteous. Results of local enumeration to be deeoied num- 

ber of city's Inhabitants. Amending '83, 17. Cal. 102, 20 Mr 

2895 Cities shall establish seals. Mass. 256, 10 Ap 

2896 Cities of 500 to 3000 and certain others, having no newspaper may 

pubUah official advertisement In nearest paper. Amending '95 
p.65. Mo. p.92, 29 Mr 

2897 Cities of 100,000 may not make contracts for labor or materials or 

property, except after due adrertlsement; exceptions; tempor- 
ary loan bonds. N. J. 168, 24 Mr 

2898 Publication of city ordinances amended as to cities of less than 

5000. Amending R.S.'98 5205. U. 16,' 6 Mr 

Villages. Boroughs 

2899 Incorporation. On separation of village from township, property 

In village acquired by general tax shall be held jointly; division 
when practicable. Minn. 241, 17 Ap 

2900 On separation of town and village, cemetery may be sold to vil- 

lage. Amending '78, JO. Minn. 340, 20 Ap 

2901 Incorporation of villages amended (R.S.'89 §1666). 

Mo. p.g3, 2 Je 

2902 Dlsincorporatlon of villages amended (R.S.'89 SI714). 

Uo.p. 96, 29 My 


state and local govenunuit 


2903 DiviBlon of property between a township and a borough set off 

from that township; if unable to agree, commUsionerg may 6e 
appointed hy court of common pleas; ItaHs of AivUian. Amendlns 
'96, 183. N. J. 1, 24 P 

2904 Boroughs organized under act since declared unconstitutional, 

created boroughs: ollieera; debts. N. J, 209, 24 Mr 

2905 Villages may consolidate; procedure. Amending ,'97 artlS 

cli.414. TK. T. 66, 8 Mr 

2906 Territory not exceeding one square mile, or an entire town, 

having ZOO {formerly 300] population may become Tillage. 
Amending '97 ch.414 §2. N. T. 164, 28 Mr 

2907 Boroughs Incorporated since Ap. 3, 1861, may become subject 

to borough law passed on that date. Amending '51 cli.218 
S33. * Pa. 6, 16 Mr 

2808 BotindaxiM. Annexation. Platted lots adjoining village of 1000 
may be annexed on petition of majority of owners of plat 

Minn. 66, 18 Mr 

2909 When borough decides to extend Its limits any citizen of borough, 
or of the ttirrltory annexed, or of the tovmihip from which the 
territory is taken, may appeal to court of quarter sessions. 
Amending '71 eh,264 iA. Pa. 30, 6 Ap 

3910 Power of burgess and town couucil to enlarge t)oroughs amend- 
ed ('97, 229). Pa. 92, 28 Ap 

2911 Villages may annex or discontinue territory, by order of circuit 
court; procedure, Wis. 78, 30 Mr 

2012 Annual meeting. Annual meetings of village districts to be 
held In March after the second Tuesday. Amending P,8.'91 Gb.58 
S8. N. H. 49, 8 Mr. 

8813 Ordinances. Fixing the style of village ordinances and require- 
ments for passage. Amending R.S.'S9 ch.30. Mo. p.05, 17 My 

Municipalities— officers 
2814 General. Prohibiting mayor or member of council from acting 
as attorneys adversely to city. Kan. 79, 4 Mr 

2816 Mayor of cities over 40,000 [formerly over 15,000] may appoint 
certain offlcera. Repealing G.S.'97 ch.32 |39. 

Kan. 80, 4 Mr 
2816 Increasing the number of officers to l>e elected and appointed by 
mayor In cities of the second class having, over 5000. Amend- 
ing C.S.'87 81522. Heb. 16. 27 Mr 
2917 CouncUmen of city not to hold other public office; officers of city 
not to l>e Interested In city contracts. Amending '82, 685. 

K. T,287, i Ap 


state and local gOTemmmt 


3918 Elective city officers to appoiat their deputies and assietants, 
subject to confirmation by city councii. Amending R.S.'98 
S214. V. 81, 20 Mr 

2919 Common council. Election of city officers by common couqcH 
or aldermen not valid unless by viva voce vote. 

liIa*B. 170. 20 Mr 

2980 Submitting constitutional amendment: In a city wliicli includes 
one or more entire countJes, the xtowera and duties of boards of 
supervisors may be devolved on municipal assembly, cooncil, 
board of aldermen (yr other legislative Jtody of city. Adopted 
If'ovemher 189S. IT. T. p.l603, 22 Ap 

S921 Uayor. Electors may petition superior court or judge to compel 
mayor to perform duties Imposed by charter and ordinances; 
powers of court; regulatlouB. Ct. 18, 21 Mr 

2925 In cities under 30,000, mayor may veto ordinance; majority may 

pass again within 30 days. Ind. 94, 24 F 

2923 Council of cities of 12,000 to 100,000 may fix salary of mayor at 

not more than 52500; act applies to cities accepting it by vote 
of electors. N. J. 27, 14 Mr 

2924 Other officers. City attorneys and city clvlJ engineers in cities of 

not exceeding 35,000 can not be removed except for cause 

during term for which they are elected. Ind. 250, 6 Mr 

29S5 In cities of 100,000 council may increase salary of city engineer to 

J3500. Amending '95, 165. Ind. 247, 6 Mr 

2926 City attorney and city assessor in cities of 2000 to 15.000 to be . 

elected [formerly appointed]. Kan. 6. 6 Ja 

2927 Cities may appoint deputy cieriis. M". H. 90, 11 Mr 

2928 Any attorney or counselor at law eligible to office of attorney or 

solicitor for any city. N. J. 26. 13 Mr 

2929 Clerks of cities of 2500 to keep a journal of proceedings. 

Oil. 8 art.4, 17 P 

2930 Salary of city attorney in taxing districts of 60,000 $3600. 

Amending '79, 11. Tenn. 53. 28 Ja 

2931 In taxing districts Are and police commissioners and members of 

board of public works must have been taxpaying residents 
five years prior to election. Amending '79, 11. 

Tsim. 200. Ap 

2932 Employees of engineering department of taxing districts to be 

appointed by -lire and police commissioners on nomination of 

mayor. Amending '79, 11. Tenn. 223, 17 Ap 

3933 Recorder in cities of less than 12,000 to be es officio city auditor. 

Amending R.S.'98 §213. U. 24, fl Mr 

2934 In cities under special charters street commissioners may. be 

elected by council instead of by people. Amending R.S.'98 5926. 
WiB. 51, 23 Mr 

state and local govvnaamt 


2035 Repealing '&7, 163 authorizing aeslstaut city attorneys in cities 
over 40.000. Wis. 255, 26 Ap 

8836 City treasurer to- receive sucb compensation aa council directs 
[formerly S300 to S1200). Amending '93 ch.70 S8. 

Wash. 109. 13 Mr 

£937 Saturday half holiday. Clerks In count? and municipal offices 

In cities of 300,000 and counties adjolniag sucli cities to have 

half holiday Saturday afternoons. Mo. p.64, 13 My 

Tillages. Towns. Boroughs 

2938 Any attorney or counselor £t law eligible to ofBce of attorney or 

solicitor Cor any borough or town. N. J. 2«, 13 Mr 

2939 Tillages. Council to fix compensation of village recorder. 

Amending G.S. £1264. Hlnn. 115, 3 Ap 

2940 Term of office of village trustees two [formerly one] years. 

Amending C.S.'ST ch.l4 artl. ITeh. 13, 1 Ap 

3941 Treasurer and clerk of governing body of village may be ap- 
pointed either from that Ixidy or from the voters. Amending 
■82, 121. M". J. 187, 24 Mr 

2943 Towns. Towns may appoint deputy clerks. N. H. 90, 11 Mr 

2943 Recorder of an incorporated town may designate a justice of the 

peace or attorney at law to act in his stead during temporary 
absence. Amending '95, 113. IT. J. 99, 22 Mr 

2944 Salary of town clerk not to exceed $2000 [formerly $1000]. 

Amending '95 eh.ll3 S25. ' M". J. 100, 22 Mr 

294B Salary of town treasurer not to be changed during term. Amend- 
ing '97. 71. K. J. 109, 23 Mr 
0946 In towns of 3500 to 5000, mayor to receive $100, councllmen $50, 
marshal $1200. Wy. 56, IS F 

Police — Fire department 

(Bee alto Public Batet7, 1188; Peace afflcera, 31)33) 

2947 Osneral. Providing for an elective board of fire and police com- 

missioners in each city of 40,000; organisation powers, salaries, 
report Repealing '89, 181; '87, 100. Kan. 4, 7 Ja; 5, 4 Ja. Un- 
constitutional. Special act, afTectlng but one city. State v. 
Downs, 57 P. 962. 

2948 Reorganizing police and fire departments In cities of 12,000; abol- 

ishing board of police and fire commissioners; mayor to appoint 
heads of departments. Repealing '96, 73. U. 28, 9 Mr 

S849 Members of Are and police departments who comply with constitu- 
tion and by-lavs constitute relief associations; members joining 
after May 1, 1899, not entitled to Iwneflts after leaiHng service. 
Amending R.S.'98 11987. Wis. 145, 10 Ap 


Btat« and local goranunent 


29S0 No appointment, either temporary or regular, to police or Are de- 
partment unless approved by board; a^provei list to be kept filed 
■uHth city clerk; ail galarlta to 6e ftsed by council; no fees allowed; 
chief liable to guapenaion Jty board; all other officers may be sus- 
pended by chief, board to hear and determine. _ Amending R.S.'98 
S959 a«bdiv.41, 44-45. Wis. 178, 14 Mr 

2851 Creating fire and pQllce pension funds In cities of 150,000. 

WIS. 264, 265, 26 Ap 

2&&2 miniclpal — geneo-al organization. General law for establish- 
ment of police boards and organization of police force la cities 
of 300,000. Repealing '60-61 p.446. Uo. p.Sl, 16 Mr 

8953 Creating board of police la cities of 100,000 to 300,000; powers; 
dutiesi regulations. Mo. p.65, 16 My 

2Bfi4 Repealing '94, 533 authorizing appointment of boards of police 
commissioners In cities and towns by board composed of gov- 
ernor, secretary of state and controller general. 

S. C. 44, 15 P 

2956 Qualifications for service in police department of city; tenure; 
removal for cause only and by written charge; defense. 

N. J. 16, 8 Mr 

2956 Town marshals to be appointed by boards of trustees of towns 
or villages; duties, K. M. 14, 16 F 

2967 Establishing' civil service rules for employees of police and fire 

departments in cities of 100,000 to 1,000,000; ex officio board; 
chief exanliner. Pa. 25, 4 Ap 

2968 Pensions. Pension of deceased policeman to be paid to widow or 

minor children. HI. p.lOl, 24 Ap 

2969 Police boardmay deduct ^% from pay of each officer and police- 

man for pension fund. Amending '88 ch,62 £4. 

N. J. 105, 23 Mr 

2960 Municipalities may provide pensions for families of policemen 

who die or are permanently disabled in discharge of duty. 

N. J. 199, 24 Mr 

2961 Hiscellaneoue reflations. Mayors not to appoint nonresident 

policemen. Mo. p.l67, 29 Ap 

2962 Drivers and attendants of police vans and patrol, wagons to be 

members of police force. N. J. 200, 24 Mr 

2963 Unlawful for police to use official power to aid political party or 

to contribute money for same. N. T. 529, 5 My 

2964 Fire and police commissioners may appoint one policeman to 

every 750 inhabitants. Amending '79, 11. Tenn. 52, 25 Ja 


state and local go-vmuamt 


Fife department 

286B Organization. Support. Generally amending '81, 3S as to fire 
departments in unincorporated towns and villages. 

Cal. S9, 6 Mr 

2966 Council of city or town may establish Are department; appolot- 

ments; ^otlea; diaabillty fund created. Hon. p. 73, 7 Mr 

2967 Polls to be open from 3 to 7 p.m. at annual meetings In townships 

held to determine amount of fire appropriation. Amending 
'79, 72. IT. J. 18. 9 Mr 

2968 Cities, towns and boroagba having a fire department may levy 

for Its support a tax of %% annually. Amending '88, 169. 

N. T. 192, 24 Mr 

2969 State auditor's warrants for benefit of local fire departments to be 

drawn June [formerly July] 1. Amending B.0.'95 J2161. 

N. S. 92. 6 Mr 

2970 Municipal corporations of 1000 or over may levy tai of 7 [for- 

merly 5] mliis for fire department. Amending B.C.'95 S2459. 

N. D. 172, 7. Mr 

2971 Towns of 500 to 1000 may maintain flre department and establish 

fire Umits. S. C. 36, 6 Mr 

2972 Pensions. Belief. Amending regulations for relief of members 

of state firemen's association disabled in service; appropriation 
for expenses of association. Repealing G.L.'SS §347; '89, 54; 
'93, 19. Ot 221, 20 Je 

2973 Allowance to families of firemen or memfter* of protectitx' depart- 

ment or any person doing Hre iuty at reguest of authorities in toum 
having no fire department, Idlled while on dnty. Amending 
'93, 401. Masa. 417, 26 My 

B974 Amending adoption by cities of 30,000 to 100,000 of act for pen- 
sioning disabled firemen ('93 p.ll2). Mo. p.l04, 9 My 

2975 Hlacellaneous. Regular firemen to have five to 10 [formerly 10 to 

15] days vacation each year and t\co days leave of absence each 
mon(A [formerly sicis leave not to count on vacation], Amend- 
ing '95, 84. Cal. 49, 4 Mr 

2976 Unlawful to open fire hydrant wlthont authority except to ex- 

tinguish fire. Amending Pen.C, 8639. N. T. 338, 17 Ap 

Light. Water. Power. Heat 

2977 Water, gas and electric light works hereafter authorized by city 
or town, or the franchise of which is extended, may be pur- 
chased by city or town after 20 years. Amending '03 ' ch.l60 
II, 8. OoL 153, 6 Ap 


state aad local goTentment 


Llfht. Power. Heat. (See also Publlo Bateiy— elBctrl<: wlrea, 1221) 
2978 Board of gas and electric light commissionerB may spend $3000 
for statistics, books and stationery and $3500 Cor clerk hire. 

Mass. 366. 12 My 
2970 Salary of Inspector of gas-meters StSOO [formerly $2000) ; allow- 
ance of $2500 Cor deputies and expenses. Amendlsg'P.S. cb.61 
§2, 6. ' M&ss. 405, 2 Je 

2980 Public lights. Contracts. Cities, and Incotporated towns con- 

structing gas or electric light works may levy rents and taxes 
for same; limit of tax; contract with company for light. 

N. M. 37, 11 Mr 

2981 Amending power of aldermen In cities of 500 to 3000 and In cer- 

tain other cities as to making contracts for street Lighting and 
furnishing gas CW p.65 S73). Mo. p.88, 15 My 

2982 Petition for electric lighting la towns to be signed by maioritt/ 

of [formerly not less than 25] taxpayers. Amending '98 ch.669 
S2. N. T. 492, 2 My 

2983 Oas and electric companies. Owner of land laid out in lots but 

not In an incorporated city may lay natural gas pipes in streets; 
restrictions. Kan. 143, 17 F 

2984 Extending '81, 70 relating to Incorporation of elecOiellgbt com- 

panies to corporatlnns for supplying electricity for any purpose; 
repealing provision requiring secretary and treasurer to re- 
side in state'; must maintain office in state in charge of official on 
Khom process jnay be served. Uich. 96, 1 Je ' 

288C Electric heat, light and power companies In cities of less than 
250,000 and In towns and villages may lay pipes etc. and supply 
steam to consumers. Amending '90 cli.666 gd. 

N. T. 5®, 12 My 

2986 Providing for incorporation of lighting and heating companies. 

Amending '75, 142. Tenn. 300, 21 Ap 

2987 Cities and towns may authorize private parties to construct 

electric plants and may purchase power and control price; may 
appropriate water from any lake or water course, lay pipes, 
build dams and occupy shores. Amending '97, 112. 

Wash. 129, 14 Mr 
S8S8 Apparatus. Misdemeanor to injure or tamper with electric ap- 
paratus or divert current Ind. 40, 17 F 

2989 Tampering with or obtaining electric current without authority 

a misdemeanor. IT. J. 85, 22 Mr 

2990 Unlawful to Injure electric wires or cables or Interrupt current 

Wash. Ill, 18 Mr 


state and local govvnaoMA 


Watar. (Bee al*o irrlEstloa, 4t74) 

2991 Knniclpal .works. Regulating the acquiring of 'waterworks dj 
cities, incorporated towns and villages. 111. p. 104, 22 Ap 

2998 Cities, towna aod villages may purchaBe or lease waterworks by 
ordioaace after pabliehing terms oC purchase or lease, provided 
20% of voters do not petition council or board of trustees to 
submit question to vote. Amending '93 p.82. 

ni. p.106, 24 Ap 

2993 Cities and villages may levy annual fax of Ic on the dollar to 
purchase or construct waterworks. 111. p.lOS, 19 Ap 

2894 Cities and towns under 30,000 may purchase waterworlis hereto- 
fore constructed by private companies, Ind. 254, 7 Mr 

2995 Towns may, after vote, purchase waterworks and issue bonds 

for payment. N. J. 95. 22 Mr ' 

2996 Cities and Incorporated towns constructing waterworks may 

levy rents or tas^s for same; limit of tax; contract with a 
company for water. N. M. 37, 11 Mr 

2997 Taxing districts, cities and towns of 60,000 may build wateiS 

works or condemn and take private system. Amending '79, 11. 
Tens. 32, 28 Ja; 68, 28 Ja 

2998 Cities under 40,000 may purchase or build waterworks; question 

to be submitted to electors. Wis. 348, 3 My 

2999 Water bonds. City councils empowered toften authorized iu 

popular vote to issue waterworks bonds not exceeding 4% of 
assessed valuation, amount not to be diminished because proeeeda 
of txmd* for general purposes have been tued for tcaterviorke. 
Amending '97, 102. N. D. 40, 8 Mr 

8000 Cities of 4000 to 20,000 may issue new 4%% waterworks bonds to 

redeem old ones. Amending '83, 262. Tenn. 14, 2 Mr 

8001 Counties and civil townships and municipal corporations- except 

cities over 10,000, may issue bonds for water for irrigation and 
domestic use; limit; vote. B. D. 52, 3 Mr 

8002 Cities of 10,000 may issue bonds for waterworks; election, 

8. D. 63, 6 Mr 
8008 mscellBneoas regulations. Cities owning waterworks may con- 
tract to supply other mnnlclpalltiea. Mo. p. 106, 26 Ap 
3004 Cities, towns and villages authorized to own waterworks may lay 
pipes and contract with another city, town or village for water, 
■ Ko. p.107, 6 My 
8006 Towns, townships and boroughs owning or controlling water- 
works may supply water to dwellers in other towns etc. through 
which the mains may pass. H". J. 206, 24 Mr 

jd by Google 

Btate and local gcrvemment 


3006 Village may contract to furnish water to a town, water supply 
district, village or fire dUtrict. Amending '67 ch.414 §234. 

M". T. 82, 14 Mr 
3007- Cities not to assese frontage water tax for over five years, 

Uinn. 87, 22 Mr 

3008 CItleB of 10,000 to 60,000 may levy ftontage tas for water mains 

for ,10 years. Minn. 248, 17 Ap 

3009 Boroughs may make contract for not exceeding 10 [formerly fivel 

years for public water supply. Amending '97 ch.lCl S76. 

W, J. 65, 21 Mr 

3010 Town board may establish one or more water supply districts in 

the town outside an incorporated village and contract for water 
supply; expense to be paid by district, but town is responsible. 
Amending '90 ch.569 art.7. N. T, 68. 10 Mr 

3011 Taxing districts of 60,000 may compel owners, tenants or occu- 

pants of buildings to use for sanitary purposes the water fur- 
nished by general waterworks system public or private. 

Tenn. 47, 28 Ja 

3012 Water companies. Councils of cities of 30,000 to 100,000 may fix 

rates for water taken by Individuals from works not owned by 

city (K.S.'89 S1435). Mo. p.82, 25 Mr 

8013 loe. For the farther protection of Ice-cuttera on the Hudson 

river. Amending '95 ch.953 S2. M". T. 264, 7 Ap 

3014 Follutiou of water. Inspection. Local health officers may send 

water to state board for analysis; cutting of Impure ice for- 
bidden. Repealing Q.L.'88 |2654. Ot. 229, 20 Je 

3015 State board of health may on x»etitlon establish regulations for 

protection of water and Ice supply of city or town. 

H". H. 57, 9 Mr 

3016 ■ Polluting matter must not be discharged into the waters of any 

stream or reservoir from which any city or town obtains its 
supply of water. N. J. 41, 77 Mr 

3017 State sewerage commission created to prevent pollution of water; ' 

sewerage districts; powers; bonds; commissioners to adjust 
disagreements; secretary of board. H. J. 210, 24 Mr 

3018 Unlawful to throw refuse matter into running streams; such , 

matter to be burned. N. U. 79, 16 Mr 

8010 Powers of state board of bealth as to protection of water sup- 
plies amended ('93 ch.661 S70). N. T. 251, 5 Ap 
30S0 Providing for frequent Inspection of watersbeds which supply 
public water; examination of water; rules. K. C . 670, 6 Mr 
8021 State board of health empowered to prevent contamination of 
water supplied for domestic uses In cities of 1,000,000. Amend- 
inff '85, 37. ' Pa. 116, 2 My 


state and local goTonuneiit 


3023 Cemetery not to be located on stream or watershed enpplying 
water to cldea of 36,000 within 10 miles from limits. 

Tvaa. 298, 25 Mr 

3083 Cities and towns given Jurisdiction over all property by means of 

which and all sources from which water supply Is obtained; 

power to abate nuisances polluting; procedure; sanitary officers 

] to enforce. Wash. 70, 13 Mr 

Local improvements. Assessments 
30S4: Regulating local Improvements in cities of less thaa 100,000 and 
Incorporated towns; assessment and collection of cost; bonds. 
Col. 150, 3 Mr; 151, 8 Ap 
O wMtral streat ImpTovement. (Bee also special nsBeBBmeats, 3086} 

3025 MlDor amendment ta B.S.'89 £1404 relative to power of council 
In cities of 30.000 to 100,000 to grade and improve streets. 

Ho. p.T8, 13 Ap 
3088 Powers of village trustees amended as to opening and Improving 

of streets (R.S.'89 S1677, 1678). Ko. p,94, 2 Je . 

3087 Cities, towns and villages of leas than 10,000 and operating under 
special charters may levy tax for Improving streets. 

Ho. p.07, 4 M}; 
3028 Generally amending C.S.'97 S996, 1056-57, 1064. 1060 and 973 
relating to street improvements. Neb. 12, 31 Mr 

30S9 Amending borough taw ('97, 161) as to street Improvements. 

N. J. 03, 21 My 

3030 Qrading. Relative to grading streets and ascertaining damages 

caused thereby in cities of 300,000. Mo. p.Ol, 2 Je 

3031 Towns may by ordinance fix street grades and make maps show- 

ing them. N. J. 1G3, 24 Mr 

3032 Municipal corporations may establish grades of streets or parts 

thereof. Amending "91 ch.69 S8. Pa. 82, 28 Ap 

3033 Paving. General law for Issuing bonds and levying assessments 

for street paving in cities which cast 700 votes for mayor; 
owuers of two thirds abutting property must petition or three 
fourths of council must vote for improvement; to authorize 
bonds a two-thirds vote of electors necessary. '95 p,^ re- 
enacted to correct WegaUty In passage. Id. p.244, 14 P 

3034 Parts of streets connecting adjoining parallel paved streets miy 

tte ordered paved by city council; and other amendments to 
'96. 274. Kaji. 81, 4 Mr 

8036 Increasing the power of mayor and council in cities of 10,000 
to 15,000 to order the paving of certain streets and to nae 
certain city funds for paving. Kan, S4, 4 Mr 


state and local ptveromftnt 


3036 Special paving aaBessmeots In villages payable In five equal parts; 

whole due on failure to paj one; deferred paymenta draw 6% 
interest; council may Issue bonds (o pay. Amending '95 ch^ 
subcb.8. Miclt. 39, IS Ap 

3037 Before paving, council may require necessary pipea, v^lres, etc, to 

be laid; pavement not to be disturbed for five years without 
permission. K. J. 189, 24 Mr 

303S Opening. Altering. Vacating. Streets and highways laid out 
by any person or corporation to be 3 rods wide; exceptions; 
opening. Ct 205, 20 Je 

3039 Vacation of public grounds in cities of 50,000 not allowofl except 

on terms specified In resolution. Uimi. 79, 21 Mr 

3040 Repealing R.S.'89 S1821 relative to recovery of damages caused 

by change of grades or lines of streets. Mo. p. 104, 2 Je 

8041 Councils of cities of 12,000 to 100,000 may, In certain cases, 

change location of unopened street; petition of owners; public 

hearing. H. J. 129, 23 Mr 

3042 Councils of seaside or summer resort cities may lay out, alter or 

widen streets; commissioners to assess damages and benefits; 
notice; compensation, N. J. 134, 24 Mr 

3043 Town law amended as to laying out or changing streets ('95 

ch.ll3 gei). N. T. 154, 24 Mr 

3044 Cleaning. Watering. Town, city or borough may sprinkle 

streets; street railroad company to sprinkle roadbed; assess- 
ments for sprinkling a lien; exceptions. Ct. 216, 20 Je 

3045 Incorporated towns and cities authorized to keep streets and 

alleys clean, at expense of general fund or by tax on abutting 
property. Ind. 35, 17 F 

8046 Expense of removing snow and rubbish from streets In villages 
of 3000 a Hen on real eBtate, to he iMieased as taxes. Amending 
'91, 146. Minn. 260, 18 Ap 

3047 Alt cities under 50,000 [formerly 15,000 to 50,000] may sprinkle 

streets. Amending '97, 50. Minn. 280, 18 Ap 

3048 Cities of 2500 may levy tax for sprinkling. Okl. 8 art.3, 9 Mr 
3048 Cities of less than 100,000 may levy special taxes on abutting 

property for sprinkling and cleaning streets. Amending '89 
ch.247 arte. Pa. 119, 2 My 

8050 Cities of over 88,000 may sprinkle streets. Amending '83, 114. 

Team. 4, 2 Mr 

8051 Village tmstees on petition may sprinlde not less than 20 [for- 

merly 40] rods of street Amending R.S.'SS S925d. 

[Wis. 284, 28 Ap 


state and local 


S062 HlBceUanoons. Contractors on street work to give bond to 
secure laborere and material men. Amending '86, 153. 

Oal. 22, 21 F 

3053 Slightly amending P. 8. cli.49 199 relative to securing materials 

by cities and towns for improvement of streets and roads. 

SbuM. 85. 16 F 

3054 Cost of shade trees In cities of 50,000 may be aseeseed on abutting 

property on petition of majority of owners. Ifflnn. 171. 11 Ap 

3055 Park commissioners may take cliarge of grass plots on streets of 

cities of 50,000 and assess costs on abutting property on peti- 
tion of majority of owners. Uina. 173, 11 Ap 

3056 BevlsloD of law as to village sidewalks. ICinn. 49, 9 Mr 
8057 Uinor amendments to B.S.'SS iQ2l5 Bubdlv.201-!; relating to side- 
walks. Wi*. 173, 13 Ap 

3058 Act relating to sidewalks ('95, 155) applies to cities over 300 

[formerly 1600]. Waah. 68, 13 Mr 

3059 Construction. Bepair. Before adoption of ordinance for con- 

struction or repair of sidewalk, notice must be given In news- 
paper and bearing must be given to all Interested persons. 
Amending '84, 217. N". J. 8, 7 Mr 

3060 Width of sidewalks to be fixed by councils of cities; restriction. 

N. J. 67, 21 Mr 

8061 Cities, towns and ylUages of 2000 may build, or order owners to 

build sidewalks; notice; tax bill. N, U. 54, 16 Mr 

8062 Amending power of cities of less than 2000 to alter and repair 

sidewalks ('90 ch.37 art.18 ID. B. D. 132, 6 Mr 

3063 Sidewalk repairs to be maintained by city If common council so 

orders. Amending B.S.'98 §925 subdlv.205a. Wis. 20, 17 Mr 

3064 Cleaning. Removal of snow or Ice from sidewalks may be re- 

quired by towns. Amending G.L.'SS §134. Ct 136, 31 My 

8065 Councils of cities of 50,000 may compel removal of saow from 
sidewalks; costs to be collected as taxes. Minn. 201, 13 Ap 
3066 Municipalities may require owners or tenants of property to re- 
move snow. Ice, grass etc. from sidewalks and gutters. 

N, J. 90, 22 Mr 
Sewerage. (See alto Dralne 4«8) 
8067 Constructlan.' State sewerage commission created to prevent 
pollution of water; sewerage districts; powers; bonds^ com- 
missioners to adjust disagreements; secretary of board. 

N. T. 210, 24 Mr 

806S Assessments In Improvement districts may be spent on sewer 

system exteniing bepotid city or Usttict limits. Amending Digest 

'B4 S6331. Ark. 94, 4 Ap 


state and local gov«niiiieat 


S068 Sewer districts adjacent to municipaJltleB to be eatabllslied hy 
coanty supervisors on petition of one third of electors, uulesa 
owners of majority of property protest Cal. 63, 8 Mr 

8070 Any city of not exceeding 100,000 may construct and maintaia 
outlet sewers, reservoirs etc. in unimproved parts of Its terri- 
tory, or in land beyond ita territory, the cost to be defrayed by 
special assessment or by special taxation. HI. p.96, 24 Ap 

3071 Repealing '93 p.lOl autborizing cities of 2000 to 30,000 under 
special charters and certain other cities to provide sewers and 
drains. TULa. p.lOO, 2 Je 

3075 Two or more municipalities may Jointly construct outlet sewers; 

regulations. IT. J. 36, 15 Mr 

8073 Minor amendment to '90 S47, 131 relating to drainage and sewer- 
age of cities. IT. T. 89, 16 Mr 
3074 Increasing the power of cities to acquire lands for ftewers and 
drains. Amending '82.50. N. J. 94, 22 Mr 

3076 General act authorizing cities to establish systems of sewerage. 

H. D. 41, 1 Mr 

8076 Cities need not be divided into sewerage districts before eon- 

etructlng sewer. Amending Aiin.S.'99 31428. S. D. 128, 6 Mr 

3077 Cities under 20,000 may conatrnct sewers either by entire ci^ 

or by assessment districts. Waah. 126, 14 Mr 

3078 Bonds. To pay for relaying or repairing sewers or for preparing 

lands used in disposing of sewerage, city council may by ordi- 
nance Issue bonds or notes. Amending '90, 131. 

N. J. 33, 15 Mr 

S079 Au«ssinents. In cities of 100,000 board of public works may re- 
duce sewer assessment of corner lot already assessed for 
sewer on one frontage. Amending '93 ch.58 j9. 

Ind. 246, 6 Ur 

3080 Ulscellaneons. Cities and towns may appropriate to connect 

estates with sewers; expense of all connections to be assessed. 

Mass. 319, 29 Ap 

8081 Qenerally amending '76. 203 relating to drainage of meadow and 
swamp lands by cities. N. J. 50, 20 Mr 

3088 Cities of less than 12,000 governed by '97, 30 may purchase pri- 
vate sewers for public use; cost not to exceed $60,000; com- 
missioners. If. J. 84, 22 Mr 

8083 Course of sewer under construction may be changed when it may 
endanger important structures; consent along new route; con- 
tractor; assessments. M". J. 122, 23 Mr 

3084 Borough or city may alter or change the channel of any water- 
way not navigable; viewers; damages and benefits; appeal. 
Pa. 68, 28 Ap 


state and local gov< 


3085 Sewerage compaoiea may couGemn private property, but not in 

cities and towns uniesa permitted by city or town. 

Tex. 151. 27 My 

Special aeseBsments. ISee also epeciat purposes ol asseesmeat —Streets, Sidewalks, 

3086 General. City council may provide tliat special assessments may 

be paid in instalments; cities of 2000 may appoint com- 
mission to negotiate for sale of city bonds. Amending '97, 57. 
Ari, 54, 16 Mr 

3087 In cities, towns and villages of less than 50,000 [formerly 25,000] 

no local Improvement to be paid by special assessment shall be 
adopted except on petition of owners of one half the property 
along line of Improvement; but In cities, towns and villages 
of not exceeding 10,000 the petition shall come from a majority 
of resident property owners affected by improvement Amend- 
ing '91 p.102. ni. p.95, 19 Ap 

3088 Interest on street improvement bonds 5% [formerly 6%]; owners 

[formerly whose assessments exceed $50] signing waiver of 
objections to irregularities may pay in 10 Instalments, Amend- 
ing '91 ch.118. Ind. 45, 17 F 
80S9 No assessment for street improvements in towns under 12,000 if 
two thirds of resident lot owners object before contract adver- 
tised. Ind. 182, 4 Mr 

3090 Village street improvements may be made on petition of three 

guarters [formerly one half] of owners; assessment may be pay- 
able in five instalments. Amending '85 ch.l45 S30. 

MtTin 90, 22 Mr 

3091 Councils of cities under 25,000 may order improvements and 

assess costs without farther order or proceedings, on petition 
of owners of three quarters of abutting property. Supplement- 
ing '95, 235. Klnn. 128, 3 Ap 

3092 Streets may be ordered paved and sidewalks laid by cities of 

12,000 to 100,000 without first reqairing property owners to do 
the worlt at their expense. N. J. 184, 24 Mr 

3093 Regulating the assessment and collection of taxes for artesian 

wells, B. D. Ann.S. 82768, '99. Partly void. Subdlv.3 provid- 
ing for a direct artesian well assessment on lands by townships 
and counties, adjusted with reference to the relative distance 
of such lands from the well violates constitutional provisions 
requiring taxes to be imposed according to value of property 
and limiting to cities, villages and towns local improvements 
by special taxation. Turner v. Hand county, 77 N. W. 589. 


Stftto and local government 


S0S4 cities over 20.000 may exercise by special or general orcHnaace- 
thelr authority to asseBs property for local improvemeotB; pay- 
ment in one or several inBtalmeuts; assessment a lien para- 
mount to ail but prior assessments and taxes; superior court 
may review; warrants may be accepted in payment. 

Wasli. 146, 18 Mr 

3095 AaBesement. Cost of improvements in titles shall be assessed by 
board of three appointed by city council; appeal to council; all 
asseBsmentB [formerly over 1% of valuation] payable In Inatal- 
ments. Amending Digest 'SM e5333-3S. Ark. 183. 8 My 

3098 Notice to be given of time and place for hearing on municipal 
assessments. Ct. 182, 14 Jo 

3007 Apportionment of cost of street intersections In cities of 100.000. 
Amending 'ST, 55. Ind. 247, 6 Mr 

3098 Illegal asseBsmentE and taseB for local improvement in cities of 
15,000 may be relevled; council may appoint appralBera to ap- 
portion assessmentB. San. 251, 4 Mr 

8099 When any member of a board baving charge of assessment for 

public improvement is interested In that Improvement, mayor 

shall appoint disinterested citizen to act in making asaeaamenti 

N. 3. 9, 8 Mr 

3100 It objections are made to asseSBments for local improvement in 
cities of 100,000, court may refer same to new commissioners. 

N. T. 32. 15 Mr' 

8101 Assessments for street improvements to be made by special com- 

mittee of tbree citizens appointed by council; when court de- 
clarea assessment void, council to order reassessment immedi- 
ately. Amending '97, 41. IT. D. 42, 1 Mr 

8102 Collection. Powers of cities as to delinquent taxes for local Im- 

provements amended ('97, 57). Arl. 86, 16 Mr 

8103 Special assessments for local Improvements may be paid in in- 

stalments bearing 4% [formerly not over 6%] interest In cities 
of not exceeding 100,000, Amending '97 p.l02. 

HI. p.93, 21 Ap 

3104 Street Improvement assessment not collectable unless reasonable 

Inquiry made Cor owner; owner's receipt for registered letter 
presumptive evidence oC service; attorney's fee not to exceed 
assessment; owner may recover 10 times amount of illegal 
fees, without exemption. Ind. 66, 22 F 

3105 Municipal corporationa may levy Bpeclal assessments for local 

ImprovementB; tax is a lien on the lots or lands; owner Is per- 
sonally liable. la. Code. §348, '83. Partly mid. In so far as 
It makes a nonresident lot owner personally liable for such 
aaaeasment It amounts to a taking of property without due pro- 
cess of law. Dewey v. DesMoinea, 173 U. S. 163. 


StaM and local goveriuiiMiC 


S106 Amending payment oC assessments for street Improvements In 
cities of 3000 to 30,000 ('93 p.66 3108). Mo. p.84, 9 My 

3107 City council to &s rate of interest on unpaid asseaameuts for 

certain street Improvements; not leas than 5% nor more tban 
S%. Amending '90, 68. N. J. 25, 13 Uc 

3108 Amending '9S, ISl as to collection of asBesaments for street im- 

provements. N. J. 151, 24 Mr 

3109 Aasessments for special benefits may be paid in instalments. 

IT. J. 167, 24 Mr 

3110 Municipal corporations may accept tbeir own local improvemoit 

warrants In payment of assessment for such improvement or 
In satisfaction of Judgment against delinquent property 
' owner or In payment of certificate of purchase wbere delin- 
qxient property has been sold to pay such Improvement asses*- 
ment. Waah. 97, 13 Mr 

3111 Bonds. (AaBeBsmeDt and other improvemeat boudB) Generally amend- 

ing '93, 21 relating to street Improvement tK>nds. 

Oal. 42, 2 Mr 

3112 Amending '7&, 175 relating to lionds for street Improvements In 

townsblps and villages. N. 7. 34, 15 Mr 

3113 Villages may laaue Improvement bonds to run for not exceeding 

20 [formerly 10] years. Amending '91 cli.22. I&l. 

H. J. 57, 21 Mr 

3114 Amending amount of bonds which may be issued for street Im- 

provements in cities; bonds may run 20 [formerly 10] years 
(•98 ch.20O n. 2. 11). N. J. 131, 23 Mr 

3115 Improvement bonds to be Issued In amounts of not less than $100 

[formerly $500] each, payable In New Yorii, Chicago or In city 
Issuing, in not leas than 10 nor more than 20 years, unless other- 
wise prescribed by statute; not be sold at lees than face value 
[formerly not less tlian 95% of face value]. Amending R.C.'95 
S2309. W. D. 40, 8 Mr 

3116 Authorizing cities to Issue local Improvement twnds. 

Wash. 124, 14 Mr 

8117 City improvement bonds may be annual or semiannual Interest 

coupon or registered honds teithout coupons as council may direct 

Amending R.S.'SS ^926 subdlv.193, Wis. 132. 8 Ap 

Parks. Boulevards 

3118 EBtabllehment. Support. Cities of not over 5000 may neqiiire 
land for parks. HI. p.lOO, 21 Ap 


state and local gorenmieiit 


3119 Increasiuf the power of park commlBBloaers In special park 
dlstricta; regalating: annesatioa of territory contiguous to park 
district; other amendments to '95 p.271. 111. p.329, 22 Ap 

S120 Authorizing parks In cities of 32,000 to 42,000; commlsBlonera; 
laud in l>enellt districts may be taken at appraised valuatioa 
and paid for by special assessment; city may take lands lying 
in or outside city limits; appeal; bonds. Kan. 83, 28 I^" 

3121 Park commissioners to hold otBce (til successors are appointed and 
qtialified. Amending '90, 840. Uaas. 253, 10 Ap 

31fl2 Cities of 50,000 may spend not over $50,000 a year for land for 
parlis, cootalning over 15 acres. Minn. 279, 18 Ap 

3123 CiUes of 25.000 or less may take land within limits or within 1 

[formerly 5] mile of limits for parks and may twrrow $10,000 
[formerly $15,000] for this purpose after vote. Repealing 
C.S.'97 S1495-96. Neb. 15, 1 Ap 

3124 Amending '95 ch.91 §2, II relating to parka of counties of over 

200,000. N. J. 51. 20Mr 

3125 Providing for park commissioners and acquisition of park land 

in cities of 3000. Or. p.67, 17 F 

3126 Taxing districts may acquire land For parks. Tenn. 142, 31 Mr 
8137 Creating park commissioners in cities of 75,000. 

T«nn. 404. 22 Ap 
8128 Cities of 300 to 1500 may purchase parks when authorized by two- 
thirds majority. Wash. 103, 13 Ur 

3129 Autliorlzing organization of corporations to create and maintain 

parks except in cities of first class. Wis. 55, 24 Ulr 

3130 Cities under 40,000 may be divided Into park dlstricta; tax of 1 

mill authorized. Wis. 181. 14 Ap 

3131 HlsMllaiiMus regulations. Police of cities of 30,000 to 100,000 

may enforce ordinances in parks outside city limits. 

Mo. p.83, 19 My 

3132 Department of public works in cities of 100,000 to 1,000,000 may 

employ patrolmen for service in parks. Pa. 7. 17 Mr 

3133 Owners of lands used for public parks may ma1;e certain rules to 

govern use of roads through such lands. Pa. 41, 11 Ap 

3134 Boulevards and driveways. Vacancies In office of boulevard 

commissioner of county to be filled l>y governor. Amending 
'98, 106. N. J. 68, 21 Mr 

3135 Width of boulevards to be laid out by Ijoulevatd corporations 

amended ('95, 271). Pa. 65. 28 Ap 

3136 Property abutting on boulevard with parked incioaure liable for 

street improvements, up to $3 a square yard, in first class cities. 
Wis. 199. 18 Ap 

3137 Regulating boulevard improvements in cities of 150,000. 

Wis. 246, 26 Ap 
,r ,, i,C^(.K")'^lc 

8Ut« and local go-rmaumA 



3138 Pnbllc cemeteries. Cities and towns under 200,000 ma; acqaire 

cemetery property. Oal. 21, 21 V 

3139 Townships may establish cemeteries on majority vote of electors. 

Miim. 264, IS Ap 

3140 Cemetery associations. Cemetery stockholder falling to pay 

assessment forfeits all rights except to keep in repair and pro- 
tect graves on his lot prior to forfeiture. Amending C.L. 8387. 
Klch. 216, 1 Je 

3141 Owners allowed one vote for each SIO [formerly JlOO] of rural 

.cemetery association scrip. Amending C.L. 18402. 

Mich. 126, 15 Je 

3142 Begnlattng management of cemeteriee; board of tntstees; elec- 

tion. N. J. 140, 24 Mr 

3143 Cemetery corporations may buy 200 acres a mile and a half from 

town over 15,000. Amending '95, 131. Tenn. 277, 24 Ap 

3144 Cemetery associations may be Incorporated; powers defined; 

penalty for Injuring cemetery property $5 to $500 and one to 
30 days. Wash. 33, 6 Mr 

3145 Cemetery funds. Burial lots may be conveyed to cemetery com- 

pany to be held in perpetUHl trust 111. p.85, 25 Ap 

3148 Village cemetery trustees may receive la trust gifts and bequests 

to be invested, unless otherwise expressed, in United States. 

state or municipal bonds. Amending '95, 3. Kich. 223, 7 Je 

3147 City or town holding trust funds for care of cemetery or lot may 

turn them into city or town treasury; income at rate of Sh^X 
to be expended. TSt. H. 40. S Mr 

3148 BemOTal of bodies. Amending B.S.'Sg j3842, 3844 relating to 

grave robbery. Mo. p.l69, 29 

3149 Grave robbing a felony. Tenn. 34, 27 Mr 
31D0 Amending '95, 361 relating to removal of bodies from burial 

ground. N. T, 87, 22 Mr 

31B1 Consent of local authorities for disinterment and removal of 
dead bodies. Amending VtS. §5004. Vt. IIC. 29 N '98 

3162 Crematories. Rural cemetery associations may erect cremato- 
ries and columbarlums; surplus funds may be Invested as those 
of general corporations; unknown or pauper dead may be cre- 
mated. Cal. 40, 1 Mr 

3153 Miacellaneous. Mluor amendment to G.L.'SS £1878 relating to 
neglected cemeteries. Ct. 57. 19 Ap 

31D4 EaUroad not to be located on cemetery; perpetual injunction; 
penalty. Ind. 14, 7 F 


Stkte and local govemmmt 


31S6 B^ulaUng number of cemeteries ia towoBtiipB. Amending 'M, 
85. N. J. 72, 22 Mr 

3166 Lands sold b; church for burial purposes mar, on certain condi- 
tions, be sold freed from restriction as to use. 

H. J. 98. 22 Mr 

31D7 DeseciatioD and destruction of graves and graveyards a misde- 
meanor. S. C. 69, 15 F 

3158 Cemetery not to be located on stream or water-shed supplying 

water to cities of 36,000 within 10 miles from limits. 

Tenn. 298, 25 Mr 

3159 Hecordlng of cemetery lot deeds In office of town clerk. Amend- 

ing Vt.S. S3595. Vt 67, 15 N '98 

Roads and bridges 

{See alto Qrade croMlngB, 3953) 
0«neral systems and administration. Officers. 

3160 General laws. In counties adopting road and bridge law, '97 

(extra) ch.C, road overseer to be elected in every township; all 
males 21 to 45 subject to road worli; may, in addition to re- 
quired labor, work out road tax at 75c a day. Ark. 33, 2 Mr 

3161 Powers and duties of boards of county commissioners and high- 

way officers over highways amended; contracts may be let 
for repair and improvement of roads; road tax of from 1 to 3 
mills to be levied and paid in work by owner of property. 
'91 p.190; '93 p. 184 reenacted to correct illegaltty In passage. 

Id. p.127. 7 F 

3162 Generally amending R.S.'SS ch.l40 art.l; '91 p.l90, 200, 202; 

'93 p.224; '95. 251, relating to roads and highways; couotleB 
divided Into road districts; county court to appoint road com- 
missioners for each district. Ho. p.337, 9 My 

3163 Revision of iaws as to laying oot and wonting public roads. 

Tenn. 368, 22 Ap 

3164 B«ad officers. Road commissioners to be paid $12 annually 

from general county revenue fund. Amending '95, 17. 

Fla. 110, 22 My 

3165 Each road district to elect an overseer annually. '97 p.7S re- 

enacted to eoiTect illegality in passage. Id. p.30G, 18 F 

3166 Amending duties of township road commissioners (R.S.'89 §7882). 

Mo. p.342, 2 Je; 343. 31 My 
8167 Office of township road overseer abolished. Amending R.S,'89 

S8441. Mo. p.363, 2 Je; p.363, 29 My; p.364. 31 My; p.365. 24 My 
3168 Each township to elect annually two surveyors of highways; 

exception; term. N. J- 171, 24 Mr 


state and local govemoMnk 


'3169 Com pen sat Ion of overseerB slightly amended ("90 eli.568 §24). 

H". T. 78. 14 Mr 

3170 Road supervisors in countlee not organized Into cItU townehtpa 

to make annaal report to county commissioners. 

S. B. 127, 6 Mr 

3171 Road snpervlsor to be elected in each county annually [formerly 

biennially]. Wash. 28. 6 Mr 

3172 State road system and state aid. Commission appointed to 

investigate question of good roads and report with bill at next 
session of legislature. Pa. c. r. 27, 4 My 

317S Office of state highway commissioner created; to supervise ex- 
penditure of state road tax by town; meetings of town com- 
missioners to be held; state commissioner may provide exp^tB 
to give Instruction. Vt 65, 1 D '98 

8174 Repealing G.L. ch.73 granting state aid to towns In road making; 
office of state commissioner of highways aboUslied. 

B. I. 700, 1 Je 

3175 State wagon road to be bnlll from Pueblo to Leadville by cwivict 

labor. Col. 63, 22 Ap 

3176 State wagon road to be built from Denver to Grand Junction; 

convict labor may be used. Col. 77, 3 My 

3177 State bonds to tie Isened to construct system of wagon roads In 

certain counties. 'S3 pl3, 169 reenacted to cmrect WegaUty (» 
passage. Id. p.l73, 10 F 

3178 Massachusetts highway commission may spend $500,000; only 

citizens to be employed; 30 year loan anthoiized. 

Mass. 896, 24 My 
8178 Referring to next legislature amendment to constitution author- 
izing state taxation to Improve highways. Wla. J. r. 1 

3180 County roads. General law. 13p. Ark. 200, 8 My 

3181 County commissioners may improve roads, levy 4 mill tax. 

worlc convicts, elect road superintendent Fla. 108, 3 Je 

3182 Unlawful for county commissioners to issue bonds for making 

roads in excess of 4% of assessed valuation of property in 
township; act does not apply where election has been ordered 
or held. Ind. 24, 7 F; 52. 21 F 

31S8 County commissioners to be turnpike directors; county divided 
Into three road systems, each In charge of a commissioner; 
right to enter land and take road material. Ind. 176, 3 Mr 

8184 Commissioners of counties over 200,000 to control expenditure of 
general road and bridge funds. Uinn. 53, 11 Mr 

818B For better working of public roads; superintendent of roads; 
convict labor; tax; certain counties exempted; certain others 
may adopt this act by vote of commUaioners. IT. C. 581, 7 Mr 


Btat* and local gorenuaent 


3186 Boad dlEtricts. Each iDcorporated city, town or village to be a 

separate road district. Amending R.S.'ST 8887. '95 pAS2 rem- 
acted to correct illegality in pasgage. Id. p.2T0, 16 F 

3187 Boad districts may be altered by county commlssioDerB on pe- 

tition of 20 [formerly 50] voters; Incorporated cities, towns 
and villages in counties not under townsblp organization may 
by ordinance elect to be Included in road district. Amending 
'91 p.193; '83 p.175. * 111. p.337. 24 Ap 

3188 Revlaion of road supervisor law; term two [formerly four] years; 
, able-bodied men required to worli twu to four days In April; 

May, June, Jvly, August, September or October; two [formerly 
three] credits for team worli. Ind. 175, 3 Mr 

3188 Amending duties of boards of road commissioners of special dis- 
tricts ('95 p.253). Ho. p.345, 9 My 

3190 County commissioners to divide their counties into road districts; 
road supervisor to be elected In each; regulations; duties, ite- 
peallng '91 p.Tl, Uon. p.65, 3 Mr 

Sldl Division of counties of less than 50,000 into road districts 
amended; road supervisors in such districts to be elected [for- 
merly appointed by county court]. Amending Ann. L. '87 
84081-82. Or. p. 65, 17 F 

3192 Town roads. Highway commissioner to hold office for four [for- 

merly two] years; general revision of '9T, 229 fixing his duties. 
Cfc 175, 14 Je 

3193 Highways In use at time village is incorporated are township 

highways. Amending C.L. |27T5. Mich. 223, 7 Je 

3194 Repealing '95, 48, permitting county commissioners to appropriate 

for town roads. Minn. 192, 13 Ap 

3195 Board of supervisors may Investigate affairs of commissioners 

appointed for constructing highways and bridges on highways 
running through two or more towns. M". Y. 285, 8 Ap 

3196 Improved ro&ds. Counties may issue bonds for hard surfaced 

highways. Fla. 50, 11 My 

3197 Unexpended balance of fund for gravel toad to be paid to town- 

ship, city or town trustees. Amending '97 ch.l75. 

Ind. 88, 24 F 

3198 Revision of '95 ch.63 providing for free improved roads. 

Ind. 109. 28 F 

3199 Construction of free gravel or macadamized roads on county boun- 

dary line. Ind. 206, 6 Mr 

3300 Councils of cities under 10,000 may improve roads and bridges 

outside city lines. Minn. 110, 3 Ap 


' Stat* aad local ^oremmettt 


8201 Question of building permanent hard road to be submitted to 
electors of townelilp on petition o( 15 owners; bonds may be 
issued. Minn. 227, 14 Ap 

320S BoadB In town or village to be Imiiroved on petition of owners 
of two thirds of abutting land, if ttiey are willing to pay 10% 
of cost; state and town or village to pa? the remainder. 
Amending '05. 233. N. J. 44. 17 Mr 

8203 County road and lighting plant connected with it to be kept In 
repair; chosen freeholders may make appropriation or Issue 
bonds. Amending '88, 274. N. J. 112, 23 Ur 

3204 County road lying partly within a mnnicipallty may be improved; 
iprocedure. N. J. 179, 24 Mx 

8505 Bef(M% apportioning assessment tor improvement of highways In 

towns, 10 days notice Is to be given and owners are to have 
opportunity to be heard. Amending '88 ch.115 HO. 

IN. T. 62, 10 Mr 

8506 County courts to have power to plank and c<»^luroy roads. 

Amendhig '93 p.lSS. Or. 5&, 17 F 

3807 H clerk of countv commUsioners approves bond for coats, petition 
for road Improvements shall be laid before board; county tor- 
vet/or shall he engineer and shall superintend tcork. Amending 
'93.. 123. Waah. 104, 13 -Mr 

S20S Couht; conrt may Improve county roads by use of aaphaltum, 
brick, stone or other process; If bonds are issued, mnst be 
submitted to vote on petition of 60 electors; court may employ 
three road commissioners, one being civil engineer, to super- 
intend; school funds may be loaned to Improve roads. Amend- 
ing Code '91 Ch.43 S26. W. Va. 7, 20 F 

3208 On petition of SO freeholders for free macadamized road, super- 
visors to order survey; electors to vote on proposition. 

Wis. 3iS2. 4 My 
DotallB of management 

3210 Location. Opening. Vacation. Amending the laying out and 
changing of roads <R.S.'93 ch.60 H. 5). Del. 250. 1 Mr 

8211 rising compensation of road Jurors. Del. 260, 9 F 

3S1S Pabllc roads may be established without viewers provided all 
the owners consent '93 p.ll reenacted to correct illegaUtu In 
passage. Id. p.108, 7 F 

8213 Slightly amending '96, 11 regarding location of highways. 

Ind. 84. 24 F 

3814 Highway located by highway commission not to be vacated or 
changed except on petition of 24 freeholders. Amending 
R.8.'94 S6728. Ind. 60, 22 P 


state and local eoTenmieii.t 


3216 Costs of Bpeclal road election to be borne by petitionere, if it 
faUs to carry; otherwrise to be included v)ith cost of construction. 
Amending '05, 63. Ind. 97, 24 F 

3216 Amending G.S. SI832 as to width of public roads and cartways. 

Minn. 152, 11 Ap 

3817 Appeal bond fn road damage awards to be approved by court 

[formerly county] commissioners. Amending '97 ch.l99 S14. 

Minn. 153, 11 Ap 

3818 Amending '97, 199 as to proceedings. on petition to lay out, alter 

or vacate county road. Minn. 202, 13 Ap 

3219 Buperrlsors on petition of owners may dedicate land for road or 

cartway wltbont assessing damages. Minn. 221, 14 Ap 

3220 Amending bigbway law ('90 cb.568 689) to appeals from decision 

of county court confirming or modifying commissioners' de- 
cision. M". T. 703, 25 My 
8221 On petition of 50 resident taxpayers, county commissioners sball 
lay out and maintain public rpad to licensed ferry. Amending 
R.C.'B5 51168. M". D. 90, 8 Mr 

3222 Minor amendments In procedure In opening highways, '97, 112. 

N. D. 97. 9 Mr 

3223 Appointment and duties of viewers of roads of public easement 

amended (Ann.I..'87 54075-79). Or. p.164, 18 F 

8824 Viewers appointed to lay out roads to give county commissioners 

notice of time and place of view. Pa. 22, 3 Ap 

3825 Written notice to be served on supervisors of proposed opening 

of new roads. Pa. 115, 2 My 

3886 Owners of lands abutting on highway ordered abandoned are 

entitled to damages; town council to give notice of Intention to 

abandon. Amending G.L. ch.71. B. I. 666, 23 My 

S227 Amending E.S.'98 S1122-23 relating to plats of highways In county 

clerk's office. TT. 78, 20 Mr 

8888 Public bigbway not to be laid out through any building or fixture 

tchose value exceeds $75. Amending B.S.'98 il263. 

Wis. 140, 8 Ap 

8889 Order to open bigbway la towns of 8000 or over need not be 

submitted to electors. Amending R.S.'98 51291. 

Vis. 257, 26 Ap 
S280 Verbal change in R.S.'98 53187a as to filing notice In proceedings 

to take land for highways. Wis. 351, 4 My 

S231 Boads on boundaries. Public highways to be located on section 

and subdivision lines where practicable. Amending Digest '94 

52824. Ark. 202, S My 


state and local 


323S CommisslODers of highways may privately let contracts for con- 
structing roads on town lines. Amending E.S.'&7 cli.121 627. 

III. p.343, 24 Ap 

8233 'Working. Contracts. B«palr9. Generally amending laws re- 
lating to repairs of highways. Me. 32. 1 Mr 

3234 Slightly amending P.S. cli.49 S99 relative to securing materials 

by cities and towns for Improvement of streets and roads. 

VlABB. 85. 16 F 

3235 Koadbed of highway not to be plowed up later than August 15. 

Amending C.L, §4171,4174. Mich. 220, 1 Je 

3236 Siu-reyor of counties of 200,000 to superintend construction of 

county roads and bridges. Minn. 29, 25 E* 

3237 Plowing public highway without consent of overseer of roads a 

misdemeanor. Neb. 58, 27 F 

3238 Generally amending P.S, '91 ch.73 for repair of highways In towns; 

effective only In towns adopting it. M". H. 29, 1 Mr 

3239 Commissioner of highways may, with consent of town board, 

Immediately repair or rebuild dajnaged road or bridge, but if 
expense is over $500 work muai be under written contract. Amend- 
ing '90 ch.568 SIO. N. Y. 84. 14 Mr 

3240 Townships may buy tools and machinery for making roads. 

W. D. 140. 4 Mr 

3241 Supervisors and road commissioners to remove loose stones 

from main traveled highways. Fa. 112, 2 My 

3242 Supervisors to purchase [formerly procure] road machinery and 

material on attcfi terms as seem proper; on petition of maforit]/ 
ot taiDpayers, toKm board may buy road machine. Amending 
E.S.'98 S1223. WU. 83. 30 Mr 

8243 Obstruction. Injury to roads. Person running turpentine cart 
or hauHng other heavy loads to keep road in average repair. 
Amending '93, 62. Flo. 109, 27 My 

3244 Minor amendment to '93, 416; '89, 503, protecting roads in cer- 

tain counties from damage from banting of logs. 

ar. C. 712, 8 Mr 

3245 Amending It.S.'98 {1140 relating to liahtllty for damages to bill- 

side highway by horses, cattle etc. being driven over It 

■U. 11. 3 Mr 

3246 Minor amendments to R.S.'SS SI347b relating to damages by 

steam engines on public roads. Wis. 197, 18 Ap 

3247 Damages through defact. Notice to city, town etc. of claim 

for damages from defective highways amended ('95, 172). 

CL 97, 11 My 


state and local gOTanuaent 

242 imw YORK STATU library 

3248 Husband caD not recover for Injarles received by wife through 

want of repairs on highway, nor parent for Injury to minor 
cblld; no action for injury from snow or ice unlees accumu- 
lation has existed three weeks. Amendlog B.S,'98 S152ga. 

Wis. 305, 29 Ap 

3249 SliadA treM. Codifying and amending shade tree preservation 

laws. Uass. 330. 4 My 

3250 Whoever suffers animal to Injure shade tree on highway shall 

forfeit SS to SlOO, liaif to complainant, half to ttate. Amending 
P.S. ch.54 IS. Mass. 43C, 27 My 

3261 Unlawful to hitch animals to trees adjacent to sidewalks tn 

villages and unincorporated towns. Amending '97, 99. 

Tann. 193. 5 Ap. 

3262 Frivato roads. Owner of land within 20 [formerly 5] miles of 

railroad is entitled to private road from land to railroad if 
there Is no public road. Amending R.S.'89 IT930. 

Ko. p.344, 6 My 

3263 Authorizing the location by condemnation proceedings of private 

way to highway from land of one surrounded on all sides by 
private land. S. C. R.S. gll75-S0. Unconatitutiotial. Violates 
constitutional provision that private property can not be taken 
for private use without consent of owner, Beaudrot v. Murphy, 
53 S. C. 118. 

3254 Encroachments. Highway commissioner to keep account of cost 
of removing encroachment on highway, to be assessed on 
lands; In action of trespass, either party may amend pleadings; 
person interfering toith commissioner or replacing encroachment 
after final decree liable to fine and imprisonment. Amending C.L. 
64122^23, 4126. Mich. 244, 15 Je 

3265 Cornices and other projections on buildings 12 feet or more 
above surface of highway, may extend a reasonable distance 
Into highway. Repealing P.S. '91 ch.77 68. 

N. H. 59, 9 Mr 

3256 Wida tires. Regulating width of tires used on vehicles for 
transporting merchandise. CL 225, 20 Je 

9257 Wagon carrying heavy loads to have tires 4 to 6 Inches wide. 

IT. H. 91. 11 Mr 

3268 Supervisors [formerly In counties that have spent $500,000 in 
paving and macadamizing] may enact laws regulating width 
of tires on vehicles built to carry 1500 [formerly 2500] pounds. 
Amending '92 eh.686 §79. N. T. 166, 28 Mr 

8259 Villages may prescribe width of tires on vehicles built to carry 
1500 pounds. Amending '97 ch,414, |89. IT. T. 391, 21 Ap 











state and local grovernmeut 


3277 Fine of $20 for driving on path. Amending .'98, 351. 

lEass. 4T4, 3 Ja 

3278 Unlawful to drive veblele or anlmala on sidepatbs and eidewalkB, 

or to injure same or throw glass on road; sldepath must be dis- 
tinguished from road, at least 12 feet from center, not over 
5 feet wide. - * Mich. 76, 17 My 

3279 Misdemeanor to Injure path or allow animals to obstruct; or to 

place anything likely to injure bicycle or wound rider on public 
way. _ Minn. 43, 6 Mr 

3280 Unlawful to Injure of obstruct sidepaths wilfully. 

Pa. Sd, 28 Ap 

3281 ISiscollaneous regulations. Lost or uncertain boundaries of 

highways to be determined by selectmen; appeal. Repealing 
'95, 142. Ct. 115, 17 My 

3282 Owner of land on highway applying for boundary marks must 

first pay costs. Amending '95 ch.286 g5. Ct. 131, 31 My 

3283 Rubber-tired vehicles to show lights when used at night. 

Ct. 189, 15 Je 

3284 Thorn hedges along roads to be trimmed each year. 

Del. 253, 23 F; 254. 16 Mr 

3285 Feeding stock or camping on highways exceeding 12 hours in one 

township prohibited; fines to be expended on roads. 

HI. p. 339, 21 Ap 

3286 In cities and villages person shall go front four to 10 rods in ad- 

vance of steam engine with plank sufficient to plank crossicalks. 
Amending C.L. §5543, Mich. 217, 1 Je 

3287 Cities of 100,000 may fls fees for street parades; fees to go to sicic 

and pension fund of police department. N. J. 126, 23 Mr 

3288 Commissioner of highway may enter on lands adjoining highways 

subject to overflow and remove obstacles to free flow of water. 
Amending '91 ch.212 %4. N. T. 344, 17 Ap 

3289 All traveling on turnpike road, public highKoy, causeway or bridge 

to he to the right of center thereof. Amending Criminal stat- 
utes '03 6353, S. C. 73. 6 Mr 
Bood taxes and work 

3290 Iiocal taxea and funds. CoUQtIeB not nnder township organiza- 

tion may levy tax of not more than %X annually for 10 years, 
to build roads on lands subject to inundation. 

III. p.340, 24 Ap 

3291 Cities of less than 2000 that are separate road districts shall re- 

ceive from county treasurer delinquent road tax collected in 
city. Kan, 8, 7 Ja 



Stat« and local govenu 


3292 CoDstitutloDal amendment; counties ma7 Incur road and bridge 
debt of \^% of valuation -without vote of people. Adopted Ok the 
people Apra 1899. Vlch. j. r. B 

3203 Proceeds of liquor licenses to go to road and bridge fund in coun- 
ties of 200,000. Minn. 96, 26 Mr 

3294 Counttea of under Jl.OOO.OOO assessed valuation may levy 2 mllla 
tas for road and bridge fund. Amending '95, 287. 

Minn. 211, 13 Ap 

3299 Town lists of delinquent road taxes to be annually revised by 
town clerte and supervisors and uncoUectaUe Items canceled. 
Amending G.S. §1801. Minn. 219, 14 Ap 

3296 Llceuse fees for dramshops in counties of less tban 50,000 may 

be used for roads and bridges. Amendlas '^ p.lBO. 

Mo. p.177, 24 My 

3297 Special road tas of IVj mills to be levied on property not in cities, 

towns or villages; general road tax not to exceed 2 mills on all 
property, in county [formerly such tax as may t)e necessary]. 
Amending R.^.'89 ST896. [Mo. p.343, 18 My 

3298 Duties of towasbip trustee and ex officio treasurer amended as to 

road money (R.8.'89 g8464). Mo. p.364, 30 My 

8289 Submitting constitutional amendment: special li^ mill road and 
bridge tax may be levied by county courts or township boards 
except Id cities of St Louis, Kansas City and St Joseph. Vote ■ 
November 1900. Mo. p.381 

8300 In counties not under townsbip o^auizatlon one half of the road 
tax collected In cities over 80,000 goes to county for general road 
purposes and one half to city for roadways in the system of parka 
and boulevards. Amending C.S.'BT g4577. Neb. S6, 3 Ap 

3301 Appropriation for highway repair in towns to be collected as 

other taxes. Amending P.S.'Sl ch.73. N. H. 87, 11 Mr 

3302 Delinquent road taxes; exemptions; notice by overseer. Amend- 

ing Okl.S,'93 ch,72 artl S19, 21; '95 ch.44 art.l. 3. 

Okl. 29, 15 Mr 

3303 Poll tax and road work. Employers to furnish road, overseer 

with names of employees subject to road duty. 

Ark. 96, 5 Ap 

3304 Citizens of towns and cities under 3000 to keep streets in repair. 

Fla. Ill, 27 Uy 

3305 Commutation road tax SI for each dot/ of required toork not exceed- 

ing four [formerly ^ for entire period] ; board of roads and 
revenues; ad valorem tax payable In material or labor; act 
operative on recommendation of grand Jury. Amending '96 
p.78. Ga. p.110, 19 D "98 


state uid local ^Temment 


3306 Overseers to collect road poll tax by seizure and sale of per- 
sonal property if aeceasary. Id. p,392, 16 F 

8307 Repealing as to cities of 20,000 a,S.'89 8555 6uMiv.34 per- 
mitting cities of 15,000 to reqnlre two dajs lat>or on street* 
or a poll tax of $3. Kan. 64, '93. VnconBtitutimal. DefectlTe 
title; act Is aleo ameodatorr in cbaracter and vlotates con- 
BtitutioDal provision reqniilng new act to contain tbe sectloa 
Amended. In re Asbby, 55 P. 336. 

3308 Annual road tax of <2 [formerly $3] to be paid by every man 
under 45 years. Repealing 'S7 p.l76 relating to road tax and 
and special levy of 1 to 2 mills for roade. Uon. p.69, 3 Mr 

S309 Township boards may submit gnestlon of contract system of 
road work at their discretion [fonnerly on petition of majority 
of voters]; where contract system Is adopted, road taxes b> 
be paid in money. Amending R.C.'95 !266e. 

N. D. 141, 6 Mr 

3310 Verbal amendment to '06 cb.l09 |5 relating to overseer's notice 
to persona liable to road duty. S. O. 3, 2S F 

3311' Person refusing to work on roads at time and place designated 
by road overseer, tiy the person gutnmonini; or hy the superin- 
tendent or otlier person oMthorized by emnmiggionerg' court, shall 
be fined. Amending Pen.C.'95 art491 and repealing art492. 

Tex. 15, 2 Mr 
Toll roads 

3312 Turnpike companies in .villages to pay for sidewalks on streets 

controlled by tbem. Amending '97 ch.414 1161. 

M". T. 326. 17 Ap 

3313 Turnpike companies may surrender charters and dispose of 

property. Tenn. 280, 22 Ap 

3314 In counties of 30,000 toll road not over five miles long may have 

but one gate, at least one and one baif miles from city or 
town. Tena. 319, 15 Ap 

S31S Toll gate In town or village must be moved one mile from 
limits on Incorporation as city. Tenn. 320, 20 Ap 

8S16 All turnpike companies m^y have same privileges on accepting 
conditions as to tolls, Tenn. 369, 22 Ap 

3817 Any person w!io refuses to pay fee for use of licensed toll road, 
bridge, .etc. is guilty of misdemeanor. Amending R.S.'SS 
14481. U. 35. 9 Mr 

8318 All toll roads with two exceptions, shall have solid roadbed 
15 feet wide, with strong bridges across all streams 60 feet 
wide or less and across such others as county conrt may direct; 
no tolls to be collected unless road thus constructed. Amend- 
ing Code '91 ch.56 S12. W. Va. 29. 21 My 


state and local poremmttlt 


3319 Public purchase and control. When corporation DVnlug toll 

brldgu. plank road, etc. iB dissolved or discoatlnuea use of 
bridge or road, such bridge or road becomes highway. '93 p.l2 
reenactcd to correcl illegality in passage. Id. p.l68, 7 F 

3320 Macadamized roads constructed by corporations whose charter 

life lias expired are to be controlled and operated by county 

court; court may fix and collect tolls. Ho. p.345, 5 My 

S821 Any townslilp or municipality may. after rote, acquire turnpike 

lying within Its limits; bonds. N. J. 191, 24 Mr 

3322 Boards of supervisors may acquire turnpikes, plank roads and 

bridges; certain counties excepted. N. T. 594, 16 My 

3323 Turnpikes or roads on boundary line between two counties may 

be condemned and made free; procedure; other amendment to 
'87, 197. Pa. 70, 28 Ap 

3324 County courts may acquire toll roads, paying therefor except by 

bonds; surplus of receipts over repairs to be applied to pur- 
chase price. Amending '81, 118, Tenn. 196, 23 Mr 
'Srldges. (Bee alio KaLlway bridges. 3901) 

332B County bridges. Counties may purchase bridges from -private 
owners. Ark. 204, 1 JI 

S32fl County may bond Itself to aid city or village in constructing free 
bridge over navigable stream. Amending '99 p.l36 §36W. 

Id. p.443, 14 Mi 

8327 County commissioners may appropriate JIOOO for each JSOO.OOO 

of assessed valuation to repair bridges. Amending G.S. S1S46. 

Ulnn. 1S2, 13 Ap 

3328 County commissioners may maintain all bridges 100 feet long. 

. . Ulnn. 330, 20 Ap 

3329 Tunnels for roads under streams or railroads may be constructed 

by boards of chosen freeholders. M". J. 80, 22 Mr 

■ 8830 CiJunties of 50,000 to 150,000 may acquire land necessaiy to widen 
approaches to bridges; commissioners to appraise; appeal; 
bonds. . K. J. 190, 24 Mr 

3331 County commissioners, on petition of certain number of taxpay- 
ers, to build bridges; limit of cost. N. U. 11, 14 F 
8332 Bridges built by township cr borough, assisted by county, may 
be declared county bridges by county commissioners. 

Pa. 76, 28 Ap 

3338 Oounties may purchase or take bridges already erected; compen- 

satioD to owners; procedure. Pa. 127, 5 My 

3384 BridgeB on boondariee. Regulating the constructing of bridges 

on county or town lines. Amending B.S.'97 ch.l21 S21. 

III. p. 338, 12 Ap 


XUttary regulfttions 


8835 Commlsslooera of highways may privately let contracts for con- 

Btructlng brldgee on town lines. Amending R.S.'97 ch.l21 |27. 

111. p. 343, 24 Ap 

3336 Amending C.S.'9T S4590 relating to, joint building and repair of 

bridges by adjoining counties. Neb. 57, 1 Ap 

3337 Adjoining cities may Jointly construct bridge or viaduct; com- 

missioners; bonds. N. J. 188, 24 Mr 

3338 Amending regulations for Issne of bonds to pay for bridges over 

waters between cities and towns or villages ('98 ch.591 !4). 

IT. T. 232, 4 Ap 

3339 Town and municipal bridges. When bridge in an; township 

[formerly place] costs over $50, commisBloner sball submit 
proposition to township board [formerly clerk]; dm collusion 
among Mdders contract may lie let to any person not over lotcest bid. 
Amending C.L. §4169. Mich. 55, 2 My 

3340 Bridges on town roads to be paid for by town and village Jointly 

iBhen inside vUlage plat. Amending R.S.'9S g894a. 

■Wis. 284, 28 Ap 

3341 .Miscellaneous. Regulating the building of bridges across irri- 

gation canals. Amending R.S.'87 f935, 9$S. 

Id. p.405, 15 Ut 

3348 Bridges must hereafter have capacity of at leaat 100 pounds 

to square foot. HI. p.338, 21 Ap 

3343 Bridges and culverts to be at least 16 feet wide. 

Mich. 72, 10 My 

3344 Bridge contracts to be let by public outcry or by sealed bids. 

Amending R.S.'80 1906. Mo. p.49, 29 Ap 

3345 State engineer and surveyor may appoint a chief designer and 

Inspector of bridges, and assistants, to design and inspect 
bridges built under his supervision. Amending '92 cb.683 
arte. M". T. 476, 2 My 

8346 Water companies and cities may attach pipes to bridges; fee 
of 5c a 100,000 gallons to bridge owners._ 

N. D. 171, 8 Mr 

Military regulations 

Militia. National guard 

Oemeral organization 

3847 0«neral laws. Qeneral law; infantry, cavalry, artillery and 

signal corps; officers. and staff; enlistment -and discharge; 

courts martial; exemption from poll tai; governor may order 

annual encampment Ala. p.136, 23- F 


Umtary regulatlgu 


334S ReTlsion of law. 14p. Fla. 23, 3 Je 

3349 Organizing the mlUtla of the state; enliatment; exemption; regu- 
lations. '90-91 p. 817 reenacted to correct Ulegalitv in passage. 

Id. p.166, 7 P 

8350 Military code (R.S.'97 ch.l29; '97 p.252) revised. 

lU. P.2S2, 24 Ap 

3351 General law for organization and regulation of national guard. 

Pa. 104, 2S Ap 

8352 Every able-bodied man of 21 to 45 years to be enrolled In militia; 
exemptions; to be called out for active duty only In time of 
vcar, for suppression of riots, etc.; regulations. Pa. 154, 8 My 

3353 GeneraJ act reorganizing national guard. 26p. Wis. 200, 18 Ap 

8354 Amending regulations for goTernment and equipment of the 
militia ego, 313; '97, 222), Ct. 212, 20 Je 

"S355 Amending certain sections of G.S.'97 ch.2, 128 relating to state 
militia. Kan. 166, 2 Mr 

3356 Generally amending '93, 266 as to militia. He. 12S, IT Mr 

3357 Generally amending military code ('97. 118). 

Minn. 231, 17 Ap; 238, 17 Ap 
3368 Amending '93, 374 for regulation of state militia. 

N. C. 390. 4 Mr 

3359 Details of organization. Providing for return to national 

guard of organizations and men mustered out of United States 
service; continuous service granted. Gal. 127, 21 Mr 

3360 Attorney general may order new militia enrolment list to be 

made for any town. Ct. 101, 11 My 

3361 Exempting from military duty those who served In army or navy 

of United States [formerly during late rebellion]. Amending 
'97, 222. Ot. 123, 19 My 

3362 All able-bodied [formerly white] male citizeos 18 to 45 are subject 
' t to military duty unless exempt. Amending C.L. 11575. 

Mich. 28, 30 Mr 

3363 In time of peace national guard to_ consist of one battalion of 

not more than five companies; battalion and company organiza- 
tion; qualifications of meraijers. Itcpeallng parts of '93 ch.EH); 
'95 cli.106; '97 ch.51. Not. 26, 6 Mr 

8364 Battalions of infantry not connected vtltb a regiment to have 

ttco [formerly one] assistant surgeons. Amending '98 cb.212 
!26. N. T. 508, 3 My 

8365 Regiment of state militia to consist of not over 12 [formerly 10] 
■ companies, organised in battalions of not over four companies; 

three [formerly one] majors; eomtnissary sergeant; two [formerly 
one] assistant auj^eons; battalion adjutant for each battalion. 
Amending E.S.'95 art.3433, Tex. 161, 5 Je 


Killtary regulations 


3863 Naval militia. Generally amending regulations for organlza* 
tlon ot naval battalion of national guard. Repealing '97, 240; 
'95, 314. Ct 211, 20 Je 

3387 Establishing naval reserve as part of national guard. 

Ue. 46, 8 Mr 

3368 Establlehing naval reserve of elgbt companies. 

Minn. 355, 21 Ap 

3369 Amending '93, 399 for the establishment of a naval battalion of 

state guard. , N, C. 442, 6 Mr 

3870 Amending staff of commander in chief and brigadier general ot 
militia and duties of state military board ('95 p.l2T). 

Or. p.107. 17 F 

3371 Staff officers. Rank of alds-de-camp on governor's staff amended 

<'98 ch.212 iT). M". T. 507, 3 My 

3372 Four to eight [formerly four] aids-decamp to be on staff of com- 

mander in chief. Amending '95 ch.59 S12. N. H. 1, 17 Ja 

3373 Miscellaneous. Repealing '90 J. r. 2 authorizing governor to place 

certain officers on retired list N. 3- 64, 21 Mr 

3374 Commissioned miiiOa officers in service July 1, 1897, having 

served in civil war, may retire with next higher rank. 

Haas. 302. 25 Ap 

3375 Genera] act relating to examining boards for militia officers. Re- 

pealing '08 cb.36T S53. Maes. 381, 22 My 


3376 Salaries. Suppor.t. Extending to cities of 100.000 to 600.000 

privilege of appropriating for support of national guard granted 
to cities ot 1.000.000 by '87. 123 Pa. 38. 11 Ap 

3377 Annual allowance of $300 to chief musician of each regimental 

band for services; ?100 to each troop commander to provide 
mounts, not less than five mounted drills to be bad annually. 
Amending U.C.'95 S1419. N. D. 112, 6 Mr 

3378 Each company allowed $600 [formerly 5500] for armory rent, 

payuble to captain; adjutant genera! allowed $250 [formerly 
SlOO] for care of stores. Amending '97, 76. Wy. 31, 16 F 

8379 Additional pay for volunteers In Spanish war. $250,000 appro- 
priated to pay Illinois volunteers in Spanish war the difference 
between the amount paid by United States and that allowed 
by law for active service in state militia. 111. p. 33. 18 Ap 

3380 State pay for soldiers mustered In United States service between 
Peb. 14. 1893, Odd Jan. 1, IS98. Amended '98. 561. 

Mass. 471, 3 Je 


Uilitary r^gvlaiioas 


3381 State «o pay Its volunteers $7 a month for services In SpanlBh 
war. W. H. 143, H Mr 

8382 Providing additional pay for New Jersey volunteers in Spanish 
war. H. J. 75, 22 Mr 

3383 State employees who served in Spanish war to be paid, their 
salary for time o£ service. N. Y. 654, 25 My 

33S4 Armories. Encampment. County commissioners to provide ar- 
mories for national guard, subject to approval of adfutant gen- 
eral; espeDse not to exceed S^O [formerly $50] a month. 
Amending '97 ch.51. Nsv. 17, 28 F 

3385 State military board may pay rent of armorieB. 

Mich. 6, 16 P 

8386 Armories may be used for other than military purposes on oc- 
casions of state or natloual Importance on approval of officers 
of national guard and under certain restrictions. Amending 
'98 eh.212 S143. N. T. 240, 5 Ap 

3387 All encampments to be at state camp of instruction. 

Gal. 112, 20 Mr 

3388 Establishing camp of Instruction for national guard. 

Cal. 55, 4 Mr 

3389 Annual encampment to be held at state encampment ground. Rock 

Island [formerly wherever commander in chief should order]. , 
Amending R.C.'95 11391. . H". D. Ill, 8 Mr 

3390 Providian for annual encampment. Okl. 19, 10 Mr 

3391 Traveling libraries. Adjutant general may purchase traveling 

library textboolis for each Infantry regiment; not to exceed 
$50 annually for each regiment. Wis. 200, 18 Ap 

3392 Kilitary scbools. Annual Inspection of St Albans academy by 

governor authorized; graduates eligible to appointment as sec- 
ond brevet lieutenants in national guard. 111. j.r. p,384, 16 F 

3883 Norwich university recognized as the military college of the 
state. Vt. 32, 29 N '99 

3394 Flag. Coat of arms. Unlawful to deface national Bag or use 
for advertising. 
Ari. 31, 11 Mr; Cal. 43, 2 Mr; Ct. 56, 19 Ap; HI. p.234, 22 Ap 

S39S Unlawful to deface United States or state flag or use for adver- 
tising. Ue. 132, 17 Mr; Kaas. 254, 10 Ap 
Minn. 163, 11 Ap; N. H. 66, 10 Mr; N. T. 12, 22 P 

3306 Forbidding use of United States flag or coat of arms on mercban- 
diae or In advertisements. Vt. 122, 16 N '98 

339T Independent oisanlzations. Certain tndependent military or- 
ganizations may drill or parade with arms only by consent of 
governor, and must carry United States Qag. Amending '97 
p.252. Xa. P.2S1, 24 Ap 


UlUtftrr reirulatlous ' 



Veterans. War memorials 
Pensions. Iftelief 
3398 Judges or county officers not to charge fee to Boldlera In pension 
matters. '95 p.S6 reenacted to correct illegality in passage. 

Id. p.242, 14 F 
3889 County clerk and clerk o( county court to administer oaths In 
peusion matters and to certify pension vouchers without com- 
pensation. Or. p.62, 17 P 

3400 State pensions and aid. Pensioning confederate soldiers and 

sailors; state board of examiners and examiners for each 
county to be appointed by governor for sis years; regulations; 
masimum pension ?i5 a month; special tai of 1 mill levied to 
carry out provisions of act Ala. p.226, 10 F 

3401 Pension for confederate soldiers disabled by wound, age or dis- 

ease; inmate of Confederate soldiers' home entitled to 30 days fur- 
lough and SIO cash anmiallii. Amending Digest '94 S5578. 

Ark. 154, 8 My 

3402 Revision of law as to pensions. Fla. 9, 2 Je 

3403 Pension for Indigent disabled soldiers of Spanish war. Amending 

'95, 123. " Me. 10, 15 F 

3404 General act relating to military aid. Repealing '94, 279. 

Mass. 372, 18 My 

3405 General act relating to state aid to soldiers and sailors. Repeal- 

ing '94, 301 and parts of '98, 561. ■ Mass. 374, 18 My 

3406 Repealing '85, 23 in aid of Indigent veterans of Mexican and civil 

wars. , Nev. 100, 16 Mr 

3407 Pensioning confederate soldiers who have become blind since the 

war. M". C. 619, 7 Mr 

3408 Reducing pensions to disabled soldiers of civil war. Amending 

'91, 64. Tenn. 425, 22 Ap 

8400 Pension of $8 a month to disabled and Indigent confederate sol- 
i5ier or sailor, native of state or who came prior to 1880, either 
over 60 years old or disabled "Bs result of three mouths actual 
service; to indigent widows not remarried, residents since 
Mar. 1, 1880, and married prior to Mar. 1, 1866. 

Tex. 107, 12 My 

3410 lineal relief. Establishing county boards for relief of needy sol- 

diers of Spanish war, consisting of prosecuting attorney, pro- 
• bate Judge, county clerk and treasurer; soldiers' aid fund of 

% mill. Mich. 12, 7 Mr; 134, 21 Je . 

3411 Extending soldiers' relief act (C.L. 12067-73) to soldiers of Spanish 

war and female nurses of rebellion. Mich. 214, 1 Je 


Killtary re^ulaUou 


3412 Soldier, or sailor of United States [formerly of Mexican and civil 

wars] not to be sent to almshouse except on approval of G. A. R. 
post; amending manner of relief. '9G ch.225 880, 

K. T. 83. 14 Mr 

3413 Memorial or executive committee of G. A. R. post may relieve sol- 

dlers and be reimbursed by city, county or borougb. Amending 
'68 ch.S37 561. W. T. 4G2, 27 Ap 

3414 County commissioners of any county [formerly of 30.000] may 

allow $51X1 salary to secretary of soldiers' relief commission. 
Amending R.S.'98 S1529f. Wis. 135, 8 Ap 

3415 Cost of relief furnished soldiers shall be valid claim against their ■ 

property; statute of limitations not pleadable. Wis. 136, 8 Ap 

3416 Names of indigent soldiers to be reported by ward supervisors 

[formerly city council]. Amending E.S.'98 |1529c. 

Wis. 231, 20 Ap 

3417 Burial expenses. Amending G.L.'SS §3768 i-eiatlng to erection 

of gravestones at graves of soldiers and sailors of civil war. 

Ot. 166, 9 Je 

3418 Providing for burial at state expense of soldiers and sailors of 

United States in civil or Spanish war. Amending "97, 139. 

Ct. 179. 14 Je 

3419 Indigent soldier or sailor of civil or Spanish war, or fits vHfe or 

widow, to be buried by township trustees. Amending '89 ch.78. 
Ind. 172, 3 Mr; 178. i Mr 

3420 State to pay burial expenses of destitute soldier of Spanish war. 

Amending '87, 33. Me. 16, 21 F 

3421 Soldier burled at public expense not thereby constituted a pauper. 
' - Amending '87, 33, Me. 125, 17 Mr 

S422 Extending law ('85. 170) as to burial of indigent soidierg and 
sailors to those of Spanlsb war. Mich. 242. 15 Je 

3423 Extending law (G.S, S8042) as to burial at public expense to 

soldiers of Spanish war and to ail dying in United States ser- 
vice and brought into state tor burial. Minn. 177, 14 Ap 

3424 County commissioners to pav burial expenses oC indigent soldiers 

of civil Mexican or Indtan tears in Oregon and Washington, or of 
their wii'es or widows Amending G.S.'fll S1295. 

Wash. 09, 13 Mr 
342B Providing for burial of soldiers of Spanish war. 

Wash. 108, 13 Mr 
3426 Preference of Tet^aua. Indigent confederate or United States 
soldiers drawing not over $8 pension a month and blind per- 
sons may peddle or give public lecture or entertainment with- 
i out paying license. Ark. 18B, 8 My 


Uilititry re^l&tloiiB 


3427 Confederate Boldier may peddle witbout license wben be baa 

property under $500 and stock in trade not over $200 In value. 
Fla. 6, 2 Je 

3428 Buanlng billiard table, dealing in futures, peddling stoves or 

clocks, pawn brokerage, auctioneering and dealing in llghtnlug 
rods are eicciuded from business which disabled confederate 
soldiers may conduct without licena^ Amending Code'&S 
31642. Oa. p.46, 20 D '98 

3429 No peddling license fees to be collected by state, county, dtp or 

town authorities from discharged soldiers of civil or BpanUh 
war. Amending '95 cb.l21, Ind. 42, 17 F 

3430 Hawbefs' and peddlers' license fees not required of soldiers or 

sailors of civil or Spanish war. Amending '97, 76. 

W. H. 37, 7 Mr 

3431 Soldier or sailor, a teteran of civil lear, may obtain without cost a 

license to peddle and sell by auction. IN. T. 659, 25 My 

3432 Amending G.L. cb.l62 il5 relating to issuing of peddlers' license 

to certain soldiers and sailors. B. I. 622, 3 Mr 

3433 Exempting from payment of poll tax those who served la army 

or navy of United States [formerly those who served in late 
ret>elliDn three months]. Amending Q.L.'SS S3819. 

Ct. 73, 11 My 
3484 Soldiers of civil and Spanish wars to be preferred for public em- 
ployment Amending '97, 205. Hlch. 8&, 26 My 
3436 Veterans to be preferred in state and municipal appointments 
and work; not to be removed without hearing. IT. J. 65, '97. 
Unconglitutional. Defective title. Hardy t. City of Orange, 31 
N. J. Law 620. 
3436 Students of state university enlisting in Spanish war entitled 
to free tuition. Klnn. 345, 20 Ap 
343T Soldiers and sailors and their orphan children may attend state 
educational institutions free of tuition, S. D. 79, 21 P 
Boldien' homes 
3438 Establishment. General organization. Establishing a soldiers' 
home. '93 p.91 reenacted to correct UlegaUty in passage. 

Id. p.190, 9 P 
S43d Revision oC '95, 33 as to soldiers and sailors' home. - 

Wy. 17, 13 P 

3440 Annnal appropriation for each Inmate of veterans' home J75 

Iformerly ?150]. _ Amending '93, 179. Oal. Ill, 20 Mr 

3441 Salary of steward of soldiers' and sailors' orphans' home S900 

[formeriy $600]. Amending '87 ch.l4. Ind. 115, 1 Mr 

3442 Minor amendments to G.S. S3626 as to appropriations for soldiers' 

home. Hlnn. 134, 11 Ap 


UUltarr regulations 


3443 Admission. Soldiers and sailors of Mexican, clTil and Spanish 

wars may be admitted to soldiers and sailors' bome. Amend- 
ing 'm p.75. HI. p.354, 22 Ap 

3444 Extending prtvileges of eoldtere' bome to disabled soldiers of 

Spanish war. Amending '91, 44. Hlch. 62, 2 My 

3446 Extending privileges of soldiers' home to Indigent soldiers of 

Spanish war. Amending G.S. S3605, 8628. Minn. 166, 11 Ap 

3446 United States soldiers or sailors of civil, Mexitxtn or SpanUh war, 

may be admitted to the state soldiers' home. Amending 
P.C.'95 S251T. Mon. p.50, 22 F 

3447 Soldiers' borne to receive applicants who have served in a state 

military organization or in United States army or navy in 
time of Kar [formerly in war of rebellion]. Amending P.S.'91 
cb.l3 57. N. H. 18, 1 Mr 

3448 Soldiers and salioi's of Spanish, FUipino, civil, Mexican or Indian 

war to be admitted to soldiers' home; management of home. 
Amending '93 p.105; '95 p,90. Or. p,81, 17 F 

3448 Admitting to veterans' home destitute army nurses and mothers of 
imlon soldiers. Amending R.S.'98 SlB29a. Wis. 304, 1 My , 

3450 Widows Etnd orphans. Soldiers' orphans' bome Is for children 
of veterans [formerly veterans of civil war]; other minor 
amendments to soldiers' orphans' borne law ('97 p.89). 

HI. p.86, 3 Ap 

8461 Amending '93, 212 as to conditions of admission to bome for sol- 
diers' tcidojcs, wives and mothers. Mich. 139, 21 Je 

3458 Children of soldiers and sailors of Spanish war may be admitted 
to soldiers' orphan schools. Fa. 45, 13 Ap 


3453 Organizations. (See also Memberelilp corporatlona, 9EI) Quarter- 
master general may issue 20 [formerly four] condemned mus- 
kets to each camp of Sons of veterans. Amending C,L. 51711- 
Mich. 68, 10 My 

3464 Unlawful for nonmembers to wear badge of Sons of veterans. 

N. J. 215, 24 Mr 

3465 Grand army buttoji not to be worn by unauthorized persons. 

Amending Pen.C. £674a. If. Y. 184, 31 Mr 

3456 Monuments. State to provide headstones for graves of soldiers 

of Spanish war. Ot. 192, 15 Je 

S^ST $66,000 appropriated for monuments to mark the positions of 

Illinois volunteers in battle of Shiloh. Dl. p.6, 24 Ap 

3458 Any county may erect a monument or memorial building In honor 

of its soldiers and sailors. ZU. p.l24, 22 Ap 

8469 $100,000 appropriated to complete state soldiers' and sailors' 

monument. Iiid> 106, 25 F 


Uilitary regulations 


3460 Counties ma? spend 92500 for monuments or memoi-Ial balls to 

soldiers ot civil war; electors to vote ttiereon. 

Minn. 339, 20 Ap 

3461 Commission appointed to erect monument to New Jersey sailors 

vrho died on tlie Maine. N. J. 37, 15 Ur 

3468 Soldiers' monument corporations may erect monuments to sol- 
diers and sailors of civil or Spanish war; towns and villages 
may levy taxes not to exceed $500 annually for erecting or 
caring for sucb monuments. Amending '95 cli.B59 E121. 

N. Y. 207, 1 Ap 
3463 Misdemeanor to deface monument or other atruetare on battle- 
fields. Tenn. 354, 22 Ap 
8464 Granting permission for erection of memorial to soldiers of 
Spanish war on capltol grounds: $1500 appropriated. 

Wy. 68, 20 F 

3465 KemorUl day. Towns may malie appropriations for decorating 

graves of soldiers and satlcyrs who served United States in time 
of tear [formerly soldiers of civil war]. Amending P.S.'91 
ch.40 H. N. H. 34, 7 Mr 

3466 Towns containing village- oC 5000 In which are two or more 

G. A. R. posts, may appropriate $100 for observance of memo- 
• rial day. Amending '98 ch.38 SI. N. T. 679, 25 My 

3467 Confederate memorial day Is second Friday In May. Amending 

'89, 63. Tenn. 156, 7 Ap 

3468 Towns, villages and cities under 5000 may appropriate $50 an- 

nually, cities over 5000 $100 for memorial day celebration. 

Wis. 124, S Ap 
3468 War records. Adjutant general to publish records of state troops 

In civil and Spanish wars; distribution. Col. 25, 4 Ap; 26, 6 Ap 
8470 $5000 appropriated for preparation and revision of rosters of 

Illinois volunteers in civil and Spanish wars. 111. p.3, 24 Mr 

3471 Adjutant general to prepare and distribute records of Indiana 

volunteers "in Spanish war. Ind. 185, 4 Mr 

3472 Creating commission to publish records of soldiers and sailors of 

state In clyll war; 5500 copies. Uase. 475, 3 Je 

8473 500 copies of any history of state organizations In Spanish war 

to be bought for state. - Kass. 388, 23 My 

3474 Adjutant general to compile history of soldiers and sailors in 

Spanish and civil wars. Mich. 160, 23 Je; 157, 23 Je 

8476 10,000 additional copies ot blstory of state organizations at 

Obicliamauga, Chattanooga and Missionridge. 

Mich. J.r. 8, 30 Mr 
3476 Authorizing purchase of muster rolls of state volunteers in civil 

war to complete the records of adjutant general's office. 

N. U. 67, 16 Mr 



3477 Sketches of cosfederate regiments from Nortb Carolina to be 

printed by state. N. O. 28, 31 Ja 

3478 Adjutant general to prepare record of state soldiers and sailors 

of Spanish war. Pa. 48, 13 Ap 

3479 Oontederato soldiers' dlaablUt^. Political disabilities Imposed 

by art.5 £2 of state constitution removed. Kim. 172, 3 Ur 


(Set alio MBQibershlp corporMions.a 951; FralernBl benttlElary Bocleties, 37.1J; Polio* and 
flrvmen'B penBlooH. E»58, WTS; State Rnance-JDBliluitona, IISI; SUle luittltu- 
UonsSTl?; VeWranB-pensiona and reUet, 3388) 

Charities and corrections— general 

3480 County boards of charities and corrections to be appointed by 

circuit court oa petition of 15 persons; visit Institutions 
quarterly; report to county commissioners. Ind. 34, 17 F 

3481 Commission to investigate and report to next legislature on stat* 

support and control of dependent insane and "feeble-minded 
-and the moral Improvement of penal Institutions. 

IT. H. 134, 11 Mr 
3488 State controller and president of state board of charities to 
classify officers and employees of charitable and reformatory 
Institutions and fix salaries of each class; montkly [formerly 
. _ quarterly] accounts of receipts to be rendered by each institu- 

tion. Amending '97 ch.413 |17. N". Y. 383, 21 Ap 

3483 State board of control to inspect semiannually fire equipment, 

water supply, drainage and heating and ventilating systems of 

county asylums, poorhouses and Jails. Amending R.S.'98 S564. 

Wla. 226. 20 Ap 

3484 Officers, janitors and guards of all state charitable, penal and 

reformatory institutions, county insane asylums and poorlwusea 
outside of mumcipalities empowered to arrest violators of rules. 
Amending R.S.'98 S609. Wis. 22S, 20 Ap - 

3485 Corporation to maintain hospitals, asylums, Industrial schools and 

refuges subject to visitation by state board of control [formerly 
charities and reform]. Amending R.S, '98 11785-86. 

Wis; 351.'4 My 

Charities— g:ene ral 

3486 Providing for Incorporation of charitable societies. 

Ulch. 166, 23 Je 

3487 Charitable corporations exempt from taxation to report annually 

to slate board of charities. Kass. 259, 10 Ap 

.ritBble and leieral otber claxea ot noaproSt 

b. Google 


3488 Only persons necessarily residing therein sball be allowed rooms 
and maintenance In state cliaritable Institutions; other amend- 
ment to '96 cli.54e HI relating to monthly estimates of 
expenses. M". T. 436, 25 Ap 

8489 State board of charities fo approve plana for new buUttlngs for 
Instltuttons subject to their supervision, and plans for unnsual 
repairs. Amending '96 ch.546 69. N. T. 504. 3 My 

3490 State purchasing agent for eleemosynary Institutions created: 

term two years; salary $2000; appointed by governor; store- 
keepers created tor each institution, salary $900; office of 
steward or quartermaster abolished. Tex. 86, 19 Ap 

Poor relief 

(Bee also VoErancy, 2EM) 

3491 0«n«ral. General law regulating poor relief. Ind. 90, 24 F 
S492 Cities of 2000 to 15,000 may appropriate money to associated 

charity organizations; restriction. OoL 147, 10 Ap 

3495 Temporary relief for nonresident poor not to exceed $20 and 

traJisportation to county of residence. Amending CL. §4556-58. 
Mich. 213, 1 Je 

3494 Counties changing to town system of caring for poor may re- 
imburse towns which spend over $300 yearly. Minn. 285, 19 Ap 

S49B Overseer of poor in townships In counties of 150,000 [formerly 
50,000] or less may grant temporary relief. Amending "90 
ch.l78 81. ' H". J. 106, 23 Mr 

3496 In counties maintaining both poorhouse and county asylum for 

chronic insane, trustees of latter shall be ex officio superin- 
tendents of poor unless county boards appoint others; superin- 
tendents of outdoor relief may be appointed. Amending R.S.'9S 
S604a. Wis. 73, 30 Mr 

3497 In counties of 150,000 trustees of county asylums may prosecute 

collections, recover damages Cor Injuries to property; employ, 
counsel. Wis. 245, 26 Ap 

3498 Foorhoases. Revision of law governing county asylums for the 

poor. Ind. 76, 23 F 

8499 Superintendent of county poor asylum, bond $500 to $5000 with 
freehold secariig. Amending E.S.'94 S8171. " Ind. 87, 24 P ■ 

3500 Supervisors may contrast with other counties for care of poor. 

Alt 42, 14 Mr 

3501 In counties having no poorhouses, court may let out paupers \o 

lowest bidder, who shall give bond to bouse, clothe, feed and 
furnish medical attendance. Amending Digest '94 £859. 

Ark. 95, 6 Ap 



3602 District poorhouses may be estahlisbed in two or more counties 

of 25,CKM) Joint popTilation. THOmx- 256, 18 Ap 

3603 On recommendaUon of state Hoard of charities the board of 

Buperyisors may move almshouse without petition or vote of 
county. Amending '92 ch.^fi 131. M". Y. 133, 24 Mr 

3504 Purchase of asylum for poor mav [je anbmlttecl at any special, 

county or general election. Amending R.C.'95 {1496. 

IT. D. 6, 2 Mr 

3505 ISbme for aged. Director of home fo" aged to file affldavlt tltat 

fle mens SSOOO [formerly SIOOO bond]; other officers to gSve 
bond in amount fUned by directors Tformerly $5000] ; board may 
regulre additional secwrity or Aeclare, ofjice vacant. Amending 
'87, B2. ' Mich. 194, 10 My 

Children. Orphans 

(See aUo Painllr, l; OuardUmi, 184B) 

350e De^ndent and neglected children. Providing for disposition of 
dependent, neglected and delinquent children; Juvenile courts,' 
probation ofBcers, guardianship; supervision of assooiatione re- 
receivlng children by state commiseloners of public charities; 
county boards of yisitors. Hi. p.181, 21 Ap 

S507 State board of four members known n.s West Virginia humane 
society created to protect children, the aged and animals; ap- 
pointed by governor; power to receive children under 16 sur- 
rendered or under 14 abandoned or mistreated by parents; pro- 
cedure. W. Va. 9, 21 P 

3508 Charitable societies may receive children under 14 on voluntary 

surrender by parent, or In case ot homeless orphan, by county 
commissioners; or by superior judge when parents are criminal, 
habitual dunkards, cruel, neglectful or of evil character. 

Wash. 10. 14 P 

3509 District court or court commissioner, on petition ot 10 heads of 

families, may appoint guardian for orphan or child of Indigent, 
immoral, Incompetent or convict parent or having no fit home; 
notice; county attorney to prosecute (or petitioners. 

Wy. 25. 16 F 

3,fil0 State board. Creating state board of children's guarilans to 
consist of seven persons, two of whom mnst be women; ap- 
pointed by governor; regulations; powers; duties. 

M". J. 195, 24 Mr 

8511 Children's homes. Homes for dependent and neglected children 
to receive children between the ages of i Iforraerly 2] and 18. 
AmentllnB G.L.'88 e3«55; '97, 210. Ct 69, 20 Ap 



S612 ehlldren demented or idiotic or baring contagloiis dlsesBee not 

to be committed to tiome for dependent and neglected cblldren. 

Ct 76, 27 Ap 

3513 Costs of committing boys to state scliool (or Ijoys or to tome for 
dependent cblldren, to be paid as in criminal cases. 

Ct. 190, 15 Je 

3B14 MiDor amendment to G.L.'SS £3654; '97. 210 relating tq commit- 
ment of cblldren to home for dependent and neglected cblldren. 
Ct 208, 15 Je 

3516 Act ('94 p.80) regulating benevolent institutions for the custody 
of children applies to all such Inatltutiona incorporated before 
said act ^ Oa. p.l04, 16 D '98 

3516 Illegitimate children under 3 [formerly 1] received for board to 
be reported "to state board of charity. Amending '89, 309. 

. Kasa. 276, 15 Ap 

8617 Non Incorporated societies forbidden to receive minor children. 

Mich. 42. 18 Ap ■ 

3518 Private orphan asylums may receive county orphans wlien state 
board of correcdona and charities certifies to fitness. 

Minn. 329, 20 Ap 

8519 Membership corporations for prevention of cruelty to children 
shall be subject to visitation of supreme court Amend mg '95 
ch.659 E16. 3r. Y. S60, 18 Ap 

3S20 Industrial manager tor state orphans' home; salary not over 
?1500. Amending K.S.'95 artl66, 170. Tex. 166, 5 Je 

3621 County boarda may appoint trustees to manage homes for depen- 
dent children. Wis. 34, 23 Mr 

3B2ii Adoption. Children under 7 who are In an incorporated institu- 
tion and abandoned by their parents may be adopted by proper 
person. Amending R.S.'89 §971. Mo. p.50, 6 My 

3523 Amending '96 ch.272 |62 relating to adoption, a^ to wHtten 

consent of parent or guardian residing in another country. 

H. T. 498, 2 My 

3524 Placing out Unlawful to import dependent children without 

consent of state board of charities; ?10,000 tiond not to import 
incorrigible or unsound In mind or tiody, to remove such as 
become public charges or criminals, to secure -proper homes 
and visit annually. Ind.'29, 13 F 

3526 State board of corrections and charities to Inspect Institutions 
receiving and finding homes for minor children; full records of 
each child to be kept at institution; reports to state board. 

Uich. 41, 18 Ap 



3586 Societies for securing homes may receive child under 10 [formerly 
2] years old; parent to have five [formerly two] days notice 
ofhearing on petition. Amending G.S. $2033,2937-38. 

Mann. 64, 18 Mr 

3527 Unlaiyful to Import dependent children without consent of 

board of correction and charities; $1000 bond required. 

ICiniL. 188, T Ap 

3528 Poorhouse auttioritles may bind out children, or find homes for 

them. Amending '92, 230. W. J, 141, 24 Mr 

3529 Certain tienevolent and charitable aesociations, Iiaving a home for 

widows, orphans and aged memliers, may become guardians of 
cliUdren commttti^d to their care; may bind out children, 
.^mending 'm, 134. N. J. 204, 24 Mr 

3530 Societies for securing homes for orphans empowered to receive 

child under 14 [formerly 10] without his consent and over 14 
and under IS [formerly over 10 and, under 14] with his consent; 
to contract for proper homes till girl is 18 [formerly 16] or 
boy is 21 [formerly 18]; court may deliver to society child 
under Ij [formerly 2] without proper bome. Amending '97, 87. 
IT. D. 98, » Mr 
3631 Officers of benevolent and charitable institutions may be em- 
powered by court to bind ont minor children; notice. 

Fa. 4% 13 Ap 

3532 County court may allow organizations to take orphans with their 

. consent from almshouse; agent must give proof of Intent to 

furnish home. W. Va. 60, 24 F 

Deaf and dumb. Blind 

3633 General. Governor may extend five [formerly three] years the 
term of pupil in institution for blind, deaf or dumb. Amend- 
ing '75, 58. Del. 245, 26 Ja 

3534 State board of education to contract with some adjacent state 
or territory for education of deaf, dumb and blind. 'SO-91 p.i26 
reenacted to correct illegality in passage. Id. p.l62, 7 F 

3536 Census of deaf and blind children of school age to be taken. 

Id. p.462; 13 Mr 

3536 Woman physician to be employed at schools for deaf and blind, 
when necessary. Mich. 185, 2 My 

■3537 Assistance to be furnished indigent deaf and dumb and blind 
children on recommendaiion of state board of charities. Amending 
P.S.'91 ch.86 S2. N. H. 99. 11 Mr 

3538 Amending annual appropriation for deaf, dumb aa& blind chil- 
dren {VtS. S856). Vt. 80, 1 N -Oe 




3639 Trustees of state scbool tor defective youtli to elect one of the 
board secretary to prepare auanal report; salary $25. Amend- 
ing G.S.'Bl 8993. Wash. 81, 13 Mr 

Sfi40 Deaf and dumb. Repealing prorfslon for educating deaf motes 
outside state ('93, 203). Us. 2, 30 J& 

3B41 Superintendent of public Instruction may permit districts and 
cities to maintain schools for deaf; at least three pupils In each; 
state aid $1&0 for each pupil; qualification a of teachers "oral" 
system of Instruction. Ulch. 176, 23 Je 

SS42 Amending '97, 31 for establishment and regulation of state asy- 
lum for deaf and dumb. IH. M. 42, 15 Mr 

8543 May be supported by state in Mystic oral school of Mystic, Ct 
Amending Vt.S. S857. Vt 29. 1 N '98 

3644 Blind. Blind persons beneficiaries of the state to receive Instruc- 
tion for not to exceed three years In some useful occupation; 
toots may be given to establish any such blind person in such 
occupation. Ot. 218. 20 Je 

SS45 Governor authorized to contract with South Dakota or Minnesota 
for instruction of blind children. H". D, 86, 7 Mr 

.Sick and wounded 

(See alto ContaglDUi dlaraasB. 4110} 

3646 Hospitals. Streets not to be opened through hospital grounds 
under 10 acres without consent of managing board of corpora- 
tions. Amendhig G.8. S2922. ICinn. 294, 19 Ap 
3547 City or town may contract for free hospital bed. 

N. H. 13, 28 F 
8648 From proceeds of bonds for enlargement and repair of city hos- 
pitals. $25,000 may be appropriated for furnishing and equip- 
ping. Amending '94, 2T5. N. J. 69, 21 Mr 
854B Big Horn hot springs to be controlled by state board of charities 
and reform; public bath-houses may he constructed. 

Wy. 39, 17 P 
3S50 Dispensaries. Dispeoaarles to be licensed by state board of 
charities; regulations. Amending '96 ch.546 art 1. 

• N. T. 368, 18 Ap 

3561 AmbolaacM. Ambulances to have right of way on roads. 

It. I. 607, 21 F 

3562 Tconporary relief. Any physician treating poor In emet^ncy 

case to be paid by county; regular county physician to be 
notified and take charge. Amending O.S. S1960. 

HtniL. 172, 11 Ap 

3563 Minor amendment to VtS. S3174. 3176 relative to support of 

transient sick or disabled paupers. Tt. Oi, 22 N '98 


81IMMABS OF LEGISL4T10N, 1899 263 

Insane, Feeble-minded 

IBee atto GuudluuMp, 134B; luun* eoiiTlota, I6I0 
3S5<t QoneoraL Bevlalng Insanity laws. N. C. 1, \1 F 

356S Qenerallf amendtng '97, 227 regarding state lunacy commission. 

Cal. 128, 2-1 Mr 

SS66 0«ii«raUy amending CX. §1916, 1922 aa to commitment and 

maintenance of insane. JUcta. 173, 23 Je 

3557 State tax (or care ol Insane 1-2 [formerly %] mill. Amending 

•96 cli.116. Wy. 78. 21 F 

Asylums. Qoverament 

3558 State asylums. Asylnm for indigent lunatics to be called bosp!- 

tal for insane. Fla. 140, 27 My 

3569 Establisbing Indiana hospital for the criminal insane. 

Ind. 221, 6 Mr 

3560 Establialiing insane asylum and fixing manner of ciioosing site. ' 

Kan. 13. 3 Mr 

3561 Seven [formerly sis] trustees of insane hospital; to control East- 

em hospital also. Amending B.S. ch.I48. Ke. 75, 15 Mr 

3562' Name of asylum for dangerous and criminal insane changed to 

State asylum. Mich. 17, 15 Mr 

3563 Establishing asylum for insane In southeastern part of state. 

Mo. p.236,4Ap 

3564 Locating first insane asylum at Anoka; second at Hastings; to 

consist of cottages not over two stories; $15,000 for land, 
$125,000 for buildings. Minn. 230, 15 Ap 

3565 County. Gountjes of 100,000 may build and maintain insane 

asylums; election; bonds. Ko. p.l36. 18 My 

3566 To heat or enlarge county innatlc asylums, bonds not exceeding 

$60,000 may be Issued by county. Amending '90, 250. 

IT. J. 12, 8 Mr; 61, 21 Mr 

3567 In counties of 150,000 trustees of county aayiums may prosecute 

ccdlections, recover damages for Injuries to property and em- 
ploy counsel. Wis. 245, 26 Ap 

3568 Miscellaneons regulations. Amending delivery of insane per- 

sons by BherlfC to agent of insane asylum (R.S.'87 §777, 780). 
'95 p.n reenacted to correct Ulegality in passage. Id. p.ll4, 6 F 

3569 Resident woman physician to be employed at insane asylums. 

Mich. 185. 2 My 

3570 Trustee of insane asylum not to furnish supplies; treasurers 

abolished, superintendents to act as such and give $10,000 
additional bond. Amending '87, 146. T«nn. iSKi, 30 Ap 




, Buppoit. Blglit o£ ajlmlBsioii 

3671 E«al and personal property of indigent Insane persons to be re- 

ported at time of commitment Ct. 160, 1 Je 

3672 Amending E.S. '94 §3223 regulating clothing to,l>e sent with 

patients admitted to Indiana hospital for insane. 

Ind. 191, 4 Mr 

3673 Bstate of Insane person without family or dependents may be 

used for support In asylum; county clert to report estate to 
asylum superintendent. Tann. 428, 21 Ap 

3S74 Hospitals for Insane may receive Tohintary patlenta without 
physician's certificate of insanity, Vt 64, 26 N "SS 

3676 StatQ support. State to pay counties $2.75 a week for each 
acute and $1.50 for each chronic Insane person in county 
bospltaJs. Wis. 271. 26 Ap 

3B76 Insane of unknown residence may be committed to asylum at 
state expense. Amending C.L. 94550-58. Mich. 213, 1 Je 

Examination. CommitmMit. Discharge 

3577 Insane to be esapined by two [formerly one or more regular] 

reputable, competent, dininteretted physlciana geparatelp. Amend- 
ing Digest '94 |:j992. Arb. 74, 22Mr 

3578 Committing magistrate to designate woman attendant to accom- 

pany insane woman to asylura unless father, husb.ind, brother 
or son with her. Mass, 188, 28 Mr 

3679 Cost of eKaminatlon and commitment of Insane person from an- 
other connty to be repaid by county of residence; state board 
of corrections and charities to decide disputes as to residence. 

BDim. 16, 17 F 

3B80 On complaint, justice of peace may Issue warrant for arrest of lunatic, 
returning complaint and warrant to county judge, who shall set 
hearing and determine. Amending R.S.'95 art.l2S. 

Twt. 100, 9 My 

3681 Physician's certificate for entrance to asylum not to be granted 
by member of board of supervisors of the Insane. Amending 
Vt.S. S3239. Vt. 63, 80 N '88 

3582 Amending law to prevent idiots and demented persons not dan- 
gerous from being confined in asylums for the Insane <VtS 
§3246). Vt 63. 30 N -OS 

3683 Police Justice or Judge has same powers as county Judge in re- 
spect to commitment of insane; same procedure. 

Wis. 21, 17 Mr 

3S84 Insane to be conducted to asylum by superintendent [formerly 
sherllf J ; sheriff to conduct to nearest railway station If deemed 
advisable by state board of charities. Repealing 'ffJ, 10. 

VTr. BS, 18 F 



3585 Pafole. Becovery. Bisdiarge. Order discharging patient 

from Insane asylum becomes operatire wlien signed by Been' 
tary of board and guperlntendmt [formerly three traBteea], 
AmeDdlng 'ffJ cli.212 jS. jElim. 2S, 26 F 

3586 Fund for Kllef of Indigent patients discharged from Insane asy- 

lum. . 2T«T. 102, 16 Mr 

3587 Superintendents of Vermont state hospital and Brattleboro re- 

treat may grant 60 days furlough to patients supported by 
state. Vt 63, 30 N '88 

3588 ProvlsloQB as to paroled and absent Inmates of Insane hospitals 

applicable to paroles grapted prior and subsequent to act and 
to county aslyums; criminal Insane not to be paroled till 
legally determined cured. Amending R.S.'98 S58Tc. 

Wis. 327, 6 My 
Splleptlcs. Idiots 

3589 OoloniM. EstabUsbment of state colony tor treatment of epilep- 

tics, m. p.8, 19 Ap 

3590 Establishing colony tor feeble-minded and epileptics. 

VLo. p.23e, 24 My 

3591 General rules for government and management of state Tillage 

for eplIepUcs. ~ IT. J. 152, 24 Mr 

3692 Asylums. 14 [formerly two] Imbecile children of the state may 
be sent to inetitutloas outside state. Amending '61, 53. 

- D8L 344, 23 F 

3593 Persons over 14 [formerly adultj may be received at hospital for 

epileptics; same fees as in commitmeta of insane. Amending '88, 
213. IbMs. 211, 30 Mr 

3594 Ueferrlng to next legislature amendment to constitution estab- 

lishing institution for feeble-minded at Grafton. N. D. p.280 

3595 Establishing asylum for epileptics, near Abilene; cost $100,000. 

Tex. 5, » F 

3596 Trustees of state school for defective youth to elect one of the 

board secretary to prepare annual report; salary $%. Amend- 
ing G.S.'91 6993. Wast, 81, 13 Mr 

3597 Support. Towns whose assessed valuation Is under $500,000 may 

be reimbursed for expenses of inmate of school for feeUe-mtndeil 
or kospUtU cottages for childrm. Amending '95, 375. 

Uass. 166, 16 Mr 

3598 Assistance to be furnished feeble-minded children on recommenda- 

tion of state board of charities. Amending F.S,'91 ch.86 12. 

N. H. 99, 11 Mr 

3599 Making appropriation for building for treatment and education 

of Imbeciles or feeble-minded persons. 8. S. 117, 3 Mr 

3600 Amending annual appropriation for feeble-minded children (VtS. 

tSKi. Vt.SO, 1 N '«8 

fvaal Instltutioiui 

Penal institutions 

(See alao Gbarltlsa and coirectlo 
4pprehffiifliDiL. traui 

State boards 

3601 Goveraor, secretary of state and attorney general to constitute 

board of state prison copimlssl oners; may give employment 
to convicts; to appoint wai-den; rules of penitentiary; com- 
mutation of sentence for "good behavior. '90-91 pM; '9S p.lSS 
reenacted to correct illeoalitii in passage. Id, p.l3, 2 F 

' Amended. Id. p^33, 9 Mr 

3602 Oblef justice of supreme court, UeutenaDt-governor and directors 

of state prlsou and bouse ot correction constituted a board of 
prison commissioners; to consider applications for pardon and 
make recommendations to govei'uor; power to grant and regu- 
late paroles transferred from governor to board. 

Vt. 126, 16 N '98 

3603 Amending composition and lerm of office of board of peultentiar; 

commJBsiouera (0.L.'97 §3401); superintondent of penitentiary 
to be a state oOicer [formerly employee]. ~ K. K. 10, 13 F 

• Prisons 

3604 State prisons. Joint committee to be appointed to Investigate 

state penitentiary; report to next legislature. 

N. C. 5, IE Ja; 669, 8 Mr 

3606 State prison of Nortb Caiollna a corporation; directors appointed 

by tbe general assembly. N. C. 24, 26 Ja 

3606 Bonds to he Issued to buy certain penitentiary farms lieretoCore 

leased by state; regulations, N. C. 607, 7 Mr; 631, 8 Mr 

3607 Creating es officio board to dispose of unused prison property and 

to buy additional term land. Tons. 405, 22 Ap 

K608 All convicts confined In tbe state to be removed to penitentiary at 

Rawlins before 1900. Wy. 12, 10 F 

3609 Sta-fo prison — officers. Compensation of warden and board of 

penitentiary commissioners amended (G.S.'83 S2550, 2561). 

Col. 120, 19 Ap 
S610 Salary of oDicer of state prison guard $600. Amending B.S. 

cta.llS fl. Ke. 37, 3 Mr 

1611 Warden may appoint Hvc additional watcbmen. 

Slasa. 246, 10 Ap 



3612 Salary of warden not over SiOOO [formerly $3000]. Amending 
G.S. ST456. Hlmn. 228, 14 Ap 

8613 Officers to Inclade one, or In discretion of trustees and Tvarden, 
two chaplains. Amending &.C.'M $8531. N. D. 119, 21 F 

3614 Board to fix warden's salary, not to esceed $1800 [formerly 
$2000]. Wash. 78, 13 Mr 

3616 Stata lu>us« of correction. Compensation of cbaplaln. 

Vt 124, IB N ■98 

3616 Salary of superintendent not to exceed S1200 {formerly $1000]. 

Vt. 133, 22 N '98 

3617 State reformatories. Iteform school for girls and women's 

prison to be made two Institutions known as Industrial school 
for glrlB and women's prison. Ind. 19, 7 F 

3618 Board of managers to constat of four members, not more than two 

to be of same political party. Amending '97 ch.SS. 

Ind. 181, 4 Mr 

3619 Female between age of 15 and SO [formerly 12 and 25] may be 

committed to state- reformatory or house of refuge for three 
[formerly flvel years. Amending '96 ch.546 SIW. 

N. T. 632, 23 My 

3620 House of correction and reformatory to be controlled by doanJ of 

penitentiaru commlssiotters [formerly board of control]. Amend- 
ing R.S.'95 tM. ■ Tex. 114, 12 My 

3621 Revision of law regarding state reformatory (R.S.'98 ch.205a). 

Wis. 28, 18 Mr 

S6i2S ' S«Corm. schools. Establishing a reformatory and Industrial 
school for while children; oflSeers; regulations. 

Ala. p.ll}8, 23 F 

3623 Each county to pay 50c a day for each girl sent to state Indus- 
trial school for girls. OoL 141, 10 Ap 

3684 Discharges of inmates by directors of state industrial school 
amended (G.L.'SS S3644). Ct 138, 31 My 

862& Amending '93, 188 relating to support of girls committed to state 
industrial school. Ct. 142, 31 My 

3626 Fstabllslilug state reform school at Mountain Home; trustees; 

regulations. '03 p.l65 reenactei to correct illegality in passage. 
Id. p.226, 15 F 

3627 Establlahing industrial school for girls. He. 127, 17 Ur 

3628 Inmates of Lyman and industrial schools may be transferred to 

hospital cottages for children or to school for feeble-minded 
on physician's certificate. Uaos. 158, 16 Mr 

3629 Juvenile offenders In care of state tward of charities or Lyman 

and Industrial schools may he sent to state almshouse for hos- 
pital treatment SEaas. 198, 24 Mr 


f enal institutloiis 


3630 ICeeldent wgrnau pbyaiclau to be employed at induetrial borne for 

girls. Ittitsh. 185, 2 M; 

3631 InfaDta from 8 to J7 [formerly 16] coDTicted of any crime [for- 

merly murder excepted] man tformerly -must] be sent to 8tajM 
training school; act doe» not apply to municipal oourtt in countiet 
over 10,000. Amending -So, lo3. MUin. 156, 11 Ap 

3632 Amending C.S.'9T M1T2 relating to appointment of offlcets of 

state industrial sebool for Juvenile ofCenders. 

XTtib, 55, 1 Ap 

3633 Juvenile delinquents convicted In United States courts to be ad- 

mitted into state reform institutions. Pa. 12, 22 Mr 

3634 CoDYlct under 18 may be sent to industrial scboolB till 21, In 

discretion of court. Amending R.S.'&S £4969. 

Wis. 361. 4 My 
3835 Criminal Insane. Repealing U.L.'SS S3385-87 relating to ex- 
amination and eommitment of insane prisoners by connty com- 
mlsBloners; return to pi-ison on recovery. Ct 82, 27 Ap 

3636 Establlsblng Indiana bospital for tbe criminal Insane. 

lad. 221, 6 Mr 

3637 Name of asylum for dangerous and criminal insane changed to 

state asylum. Hich. 17, 15 Mr 

3638 Persons escaping punishment for murder, rape, arson or attempt at 

great bodily harm [formerly any crime] on account of Insanity, 
to tw sent to asylum for dangerous insane; all insane patle^nts 
previously convicted of any [formerly above-named] crimes 
shall (formerly may] be transferred; patients to be employed if 
auperintendertt deems advisable. Amending C.L. £1965, 1972- 
78, 19S0. Kicli. 81, W My 

3639 County Jails. Commissi Quel's of prisons may remove sentenced 

prisoner from Jail or bouse of correction to state farm; original 
sentence to be served. Uass. 263, 11 Ap 

3640 Payment of board of prisoners by county courts amended ('91 

p.116). Ko. p.157, 24 My 

3641 County workhouses. County (arm buildings and jails to be 

deemed county houses of correction; commitments may be to 
either. N. H. 7, 15 F 

3642 Worlthouse superintendent In counties over 55,000 [formerly and 

under 75,000] to be elected every four years. Amending '97, 104. 
Twin. 35, 27 Mr 

3643 Creating workhouse commission in counties eatabliahlng separate 

workhouse. Amending '91, 123. Tenn. 426, 22 Ap 

3644 Uuniclpal jaila. State board of corrections may condemn Til- 

lage lociiups unfit for use. Amending G.S. 264. 

, Klnn. 187, 18 Ap . 


Ffliul InatltntioiuB 


Convicts— commitment, management 

Commitment. DiiUiiplliia. Inatructloii 

3645 Felonj' to bring narcotlCB, iutoxicaats or weapons Into state 

prison or grounds. GaL 4, 10 F 

3646 Board of control of state prison sball provide instruction for 

inmates. Ind. 27, 10 F 

3647 Photographs of criminals to be furnlsbed to prisons In other states 

exchanging information; copies of measurements, etc. to lie fur- 
nished cities of the state wing Bertiilion method. Amending "90 
Ch.316 14. TSXiBe. 203, 28 Mr 

8648 Governor may appoint agents of commissioners of prisons to tie 
special police to transfer prisoners. Uass. 243, 10 Ap 

3649 Repealing G.S. £7509 as to monthly notice to district Judges of 
number of convicts In reformatory. Minn. 118, 3 Ap 

36S0. Bepealing provision (G.S. £3696) for semiannual abstract of 
record of each prisoner In state reformatory. 

apTiTi. 130, 4 Ap 

3661 Inmates of state industrial reformatory escaping vcblle working \, 
outside tbe walls, to be subject to penalties provided for breach 
of prison. Amending '87 ch.30 SQ. Pa. 67, 28 Ap 

Sentence. Parole. Pardon 

36fi2 Duties and powers of board of pardons; certain prisoners may 
be released on parole; governor may restore to citizenship. 
'90-91 P-Vtj '97 p.59 reenacted to eorrect illegality in passage. 

Id. p.lO, 2 F 

3663 Probation. Probation officer to be appointed in each county by 
county court; may recommend that persons convicted be re- 
leased on probation; may expend money for temporary sup- 
port and transportation; must report montbly to prison com- 
mission. Vt. 128, 16 N '98 

3654 Indeterminate sentence. Good time- "iovlding Indeterminate 
sentences to state penitentiary. Gol. 104, 3 My 

3666 Indeterminate sentence law ('97. ^■sS) formerly applying to males 

over 30, extended to ail "tatt! prisoners, whether imprisoned 

before or after passairr of act, except for treason and murder 

In first or second dt^ree; maximum not to exceed original 

. sentence. Ind. 113, 1 Mr 

S6S6 Provisions of indeterm'^.ite sentence and parole act ('97, 143) 
extended to all femaleb over 15; women and girls to be sen- 
tenced to icomen's pris<m u'ormerly state prison]. 

Ind. 223, 6 Mr 



S888 Oounty levying court may buy or reot 640 acres on whicb to 
vorfe county prisoners; in case contract for prison labor ia not 
made bj second Monday In January, county Judge to order 
worlc on roads, designating distrlcta; convict to receive 75c a 
day, Sundays Included, from contractor. Amending Digest '94 
S931-32. Ark. Ill, 12 Ap 

3390 County contractor not to permit prisoners to go at large or control 
tlieir own labor. Amending Digest '94 S910. Ark. 152, 8 My 

3691 Municipal convicts working on public work not to be confined 

with ball and chain unless after escaping. Fla. 112, 22 My 

3692 Male prisoners in count; Jails to perform manual labor In and 

about jail or courthouse. '9S p.IOO reeniKted to oorreet illegality 
in passage. Id. p.253, 14 P 

3693 Convicts in county Jails may be compelled to work' on public 

blgbways. Or. p,249, 24 F 

3694 Male prisoners in Jails and workhouses may be employed eight 

hours a day; prison board established to control the work; 
highways may be worked. Pa. 75, 28 Ap 

3696 Supervisors may hire and exchange convict labor. 

S. 0. 7. 15 P 

3696 County commissioners may use chain gang in work for. public 

health. S. C. 9. 2 Mr 

3697 Judge and clerk of county court and sheriff a board to contract 

for work on roads of prisoners in Jail for nonpayment of fines; 
T6c a day. Teim. 358, 21 Ap 


ISee aE«o Taxation ot insunuice compBDiea, 1)84) 

General — all classes 

3695 General laws. General law for incorporation and government of 

accident and other casualty Insurance companies. 

m. p.237, 21 Ap 

3699 General insurance act; department of insurance created; 

license; 2S tax on gross receipts; statements; forms. 

IT. C. 54. 6 Mr; 590, 7 Mr 

3700 Generally amending insurance laws; state Insurance bureau 

created; governor made insurance commissioner and may ap- 
point deputy; powers; incorporation' and regnlation of com- 
panies. Neb. 47, 31 Mr 

3701 State department. Mutual Insurance companies' tiond to be ap- 

proved and filed by auMtor [formerty secretary] of state. 
Amendins Bigest'94 {4138. Ark. 48, 9 Mr 




3702 Superintendent to turn over to state treasurer monthly all sur- 

plus moneys collected In his department. CoL 143, 6 Ap 

3703 Minor amendment to- "95 oh.255 US; 'V7. 113 relating to fees 

collected from fraternal Bocieties by insurance commissioner. 

Ct. lis, 17 My 

8701 Law' concerning appointment, term of office, etc. of iQBurance 

commissioner amended (G.L.'SS 12814-18). Ct. 169, 9 Je 

3705 Duties of auditor of public accounts and attorney general rela- 

tlTe to Insurance transferred to insurance Superintendent. 
Amending '93 p.107. HI. p.256, 24 Ap 

3706 State superintendent to be elected for two years [formerly ap- 

pointed by governor for four years]. Ean. 18, 7 Ja 

3707 Revising '97 eh.74 S27 fixing fees to be paid by insurance com- 

panies to superintendeut ' Kan. 146, 4 Mr 

3708 Insurance com mis a loners to receive iO% [formerly 60%] of fees 

collected. Amending Vt.S. 14X72. ' Vt. 75, 22 N '98 

3700 Officers. Stock. Property. Fire, marine and other insurance 
companies, after Investing $100,000 (formerly ?200,P00] tn 
United States, state and local government bonds, real estate, 
mercbandlse or cereals, may invest in first mori^age bonds of 
any corporations. Amending C.C. §427. CaL 57, 6 Mr 

3710 State treasurer to deliver securities of insurance companies to 
receiver on order of court. Ct. IBl, 1 Je 

8711 Unlawful for insurance company to loan funds to its officers. 

Ind. 107, 27 P 

3712 Insurance companies may reduce capital to $100,000 on approval ' 
of commissioner. Amending '9S ch.l75 £34. 

Hiim. 834, 20 Ap 

8713 I>lc«nse. Examination. Beport. Amending annual atatemeut 
required to be filed with auditor by directors of Insurance com- 
panies (R.S.'94 §4804). Ind. 217, 6 Mr 

3714 Companies created by special act must report annually to state 
auditor; publication in three papers; examinations of business 
by auditor. _ Ind. 134, 2 Mr 

3716 Annual statements of companies to be sworn to by president and 
secretary; $500 to $50OO fine for false statement; perjury. 
Amending '90 ch.421 522, JUaas. 472, 3 Je 

3716 Unlawful for company to make false statements In circulars, 

advertisements or reports; directors and officers liable to flue 
and imprisonment; forfeiture of charter. Ulcb. 256, 23 Je 

3717 Amending '88, 277 relating to extension of charter of joint-stock 

companies. N. J. 7, 6 Mr 

3T18 Statements of companies to be published at authorised [formerly 

half] rate for publishing legal notices. Amending R.G.'95 

•SlUh S. D. 10% 24 F 




S688 CouDty levying court may buy or rent 640 acres on whfch to 
work county prisoners; In case contract for prEson labor la not 
made by second Monday In January, county Judge to order 
work on roads, designating districts; convict to receive 75c a 
day, Sundays included, from contractor. Amending Digest '9* 
S931-32. Aik. Ill, 12 Ap 

3690 County contractor not to penult prisoners to go at large or control 

tbelr own lalior. Amendlog Digest '94 S910. Ark. 152, 8 My 

3691 Municipal convicts working on public work not to be confined 

with ball and chain unless after escaping. Fla. 112, 22 My 

3692 Male prisoners in county jails to perform manual labor In «nd 

about Jail or courthouse. '95 p.lOO reenacted to correct Ulegatttv 
in passage. Id. p.253, 14 F 

3693 Convicts In county Jails may be compelled to work' on public 

highways. Or. p.249. 24 F 

3694 Male prisoners In Jails and workhouses may be employed eight 

hours a day; prison board established to control the work; 
highways may be worked. Pa, 75, 28 Ap 

3695 Supervisors may hire and exchange convict labor. 

S. a 7, 15 F 

3896 County commissioners may use chain gang in work for puldlc 

health. S. C. 9, 2 Mr 

3697 Judge and clerk of county court and sheriff a board to contract 

for work on roads of prisoners in jail for nonpayment of fines; 
75c a day. Tenn. 358, 21 Ap 


(8m alto TBia,tlan ot InHunncs cominnlea, 1184) 

General^ all classes 

3698 G«naral laws. General law for Incorporation and government of 

accident and other casualty Insurance companies. 

HI. p.237, 21 Ap 

3699 General Insurance act; department of Insurance created; 

license; 2% tax on gross receipts; statements; forms. 

N. C. 54. 6 Mr; 590, 7 Mr 

3700 Generally amending Insurance laws; state insurance bureau 

created; governor made Insurance commissioner and may ap- 
point deputy; powers; Incorporation' and regulation of com- 
panies. Neb. 47, 31 Mr 

3701 State departmsmt. Mutual Insurance companies' bond to be ap- 

proved and filed by auditor [formerly secretary] of state. 
Amending DlgesfM S4133. Ark. 48, 9 Mr 




8733 Agent wbo embezzles or withbolds money received for company 
is gaUtj of larceny. Amending R.8/8& (5915. 

Ko. p.252, 24 My 
3734 Person who acta as insurance broker without obtaining certificate 
of authority guilty of misdemeanor. Amending '97 p.l2S. 

Ko. p.252, 2 Je 

Life and accident insurance ' 
SagulationB. PolideB, 
37SS Providing for Incorporation of stock or mutual life companies by 
citizens of state. Ind. 28, 10 F 

3736 Regulating tbe organization and management of life companies 

transacting business on stipulated premium plan. 

Ko. p.260, 27 Mr 

3737 General act authorizing Incorporation of life companies on stip- 

nlated premium plan. Wis. 270, 26 Ap 

3738 Various amendments to life and accident Insurance law (B.S.'SO 

ch.8& arL2; '9S p.l96). Ho. p. 243, 16 Ap 

3739 Regulating tbe reinsuring of risks. Amendmg G.L.'SS S2SS0. 

CL 49, 11 Ap 

3740 Regulations coucernlng loans by companies amended (G.L.'8S 

S2887; '8&, 108). . Ot. 110, 11 My 

3741' Life and accident companies to attach to policies on request of 
insured or fomlsb> him or beneficiaries at any time copies of 
application, including medical examination and all representa- 
tions; ou failure to comply, license shall be Busx>euded three to 
12 months. Hlch. 87, 26 My 

3745 Repealing '97, 42 relating to nonforfeiture of Industrial life In- 

surance policies and their surrender value. N. H. 96, 11 Mr 

8743 Corporations on stipulated premium plan may make deposit witb 

superintendent of Insurance and register policies. Amending 

•98 ch.85. N. T. 143, 27 Mr 

3744 Life companies can not contest claims after a certain time. 

S. D. 98, 24 F 

3746 Annuities. Eudowmeats. Corporations paying annuities sub- 

ject to .life insurance laws. H». S5, 10 Mr 

3746 Foreign annuity msurance companies to do business in state 

must have $100,000 unimpaired capital exclusive of stock- 
holders obligations. Vt. 76, 30 N '98 

3747 Beserve. Amending regulations concerning reinsurance reserve 

to be. held by life companies (G.L.'88 (2854). Ct 39. 5 Ap 

3748 Life companies may deposit $10,000 or more with Insurance 

superintendent as security for endowments and annuities 
wUch are to be registered in his office. IlL p.257, 18 Ap 




3749 Calculation of reserve fuod of corporations on etlpulated pre- 

mlum plan amended; such i^ompanies may contract . to pay 
fixed casta values or annuities. '9S ch.85 fi305, 306. 

N. T. 166, 80 Mr 
Hatual Inmrauce 

3750 'Begulatlng the IncsrporatloD and management of mutual, co- 

operative or assessment life companies; does not apply to fra- 
ternal organizations. Ala. p.lOO, 20 F 

S7fil Vote's of |>olic7 holders at elections of mutual life companies 
may be cast by proxy. Kan. 150, 4 Mr 

8752 Amending C.S.'97 S3474, 3489, 34&1 relating to mutual benefit 

life associations; permlttli^ extended and paid up Insurance 

and cash surrender values; restrictions; fees -from companies. 

ITeb. 45, 1 Ap 

3753 Assessment companies. Requiring policies on assesBment plan 

to contain words "issued upon the assessment plan"; applies 
only to post mortem assessment Amending '97 p.6T. 

Qa. p.&7, 20 D '&S 

3754 Corporations for life and casualty Insurance on assessment plan 

not to issue endowment, limited payment life, Instalment or 
annuity policy or contract for extended insurance, paid up or 
cash surrender value or any payment to policy holder unless 
contract or determinate reserve is carried on books as a liabil- 
ity; assessment policies, circulars and applications to be plainly 
printed as such. Amending '89, 237. Ua. 106, 17 Mr 

3765 Assessment corporations may change names with consent of 
commissioner of insurance, on application to commissioner of 
corporations; conditions. Uasa. 164, 18 Mr 

3756 All future policies of assessment companies and such previously 

issued as provide for payments other than stipulated premiums 
shall be valued and reserve maintained thereon. Repealing 
parts of '90, 421 and all of '96. 515. Mass. 229, 1 Ap 

3757 Fraternal beneficiary societies. General law regulating frater- 

nal beneficiary societies. 

Ind. 117, 1 Mr; Kan. 23, 6 Ja; 147, 4 Mr; 148, 4 Mr 
lEaSs. 442, 29 My; Tex. 115, 12 My 

3758 Fraternal life association not to have more than 5000 [formerly 

1000] members. Amending R.S.'87 S341. Ari. 62, 16 Mr 

3759 Fraternal orders defined; may maintain reserve or emergency 
. fund derived from assessments; annual report tt> auditor. 

Ark. 186. 8 My 
3730 Societies may maintain reserve fund for payment of death and 
disability claims; other amendments to '95 p.l78. 

m. P.2S5, 24 Ap 



3761 SultB for beueflta against orders sball be brought in county cod- 

talning principal office or local lodge to wkich member belonged; 
service on local presiding offtcer. Amending K.S.'94 B501&. 

lud. 85, 24 F 

3762 Subordinate lodges may own and control sucb real estate as may 

be neceesarj to provide accommodations for meetings. 

Kan. 164, 4 Mr 

3763 EsemptlDg labor unions from laws regulating fraternal bene- 

ficiary organizations. ■ UasB. 468, 1 Je 

8764 Sons of Hermann and Modern woodtneD of America exempt from 
laws regulating cooperative and general life insurance com- 
panies. Amending G.S. §3314, 3294. 

Kinn. 113, 3 Ap; 120, 3 Ap; 344, 20 Ap 
376& Orand lodge of Ancient order of united workmen and state camp 
of Modern woodmen may be Incorporated; certtftcatea of lodges 
in intlages or cities lying in two counties to be recorded in both; 
certificates of grand lodges to be flled Kith secretary of state. 
Ameadlog G.S. £2600-91. Minn. 180, 14 Ap 

5766 Fraternal and industrial societies paying only sick benefit not 

over $250 or relief benefit not over $350 to maintain reserve fund 
of S5000; not to transfer risks except on approval of two thirds of 
policy holders; does not apply to societies wltb ritual. Amend- 
ing '88, 184. Uinn. 344, 20 Ap 

5767 Associations may deposit securities wltb commissioner of bank- 

ing and Insurance. N. J. 48, 17 Mr 

8768 Placing fraternal orders and associations under control of Insur- 
ance commissioners. Vt. 78, 80 N '98 

3769 Member of society may name as his beneficiary any person 

designated by laws of the society tformerly having Insurable 

interest] or if latcs permit. Insurance may be made payable to 

his estate. Amending K.S:'98 S195Sc. Wis. 101, 30 Mr 

JLcddent insumnce 

87TO Life companies may Insure against accident and disease. Amend- 
ing O.L.'88 £2865. Ct. 32, 80 Mr 

3771 Casualty or sick benefit company may include $100 funeral benefit 
in policy. Amending '87, 187. - Uicli. 67, 10 My 

3773 Companies to Insure against accident or sickness may reorganize. 

Hlcb. 177, 23 Je 

Fire and other casualty insurance 
Xlie and marine companies 

8773 Transferring certain powers from attorney general and auditor 
Of public accounts to Insurance superintendent Amending 
R.8.'m cb.73 110, 22-28. CI. p.24e. 24 Ap 




3T74 Jolat-stock or mutual fire companleB may extend their charter* 
at any time within siv [formerly two) years of termlaatloD. 
AmenjJlng E.S.'flT ch.73 617. HI. p.:ffi2, 24. Ap- 

3775 Llmfting authority of Bre companies to reinsnre rUke. 

lU. p.253, 24 Ap 

8776 Fire companies may Invest In mortgages on buildings Insured 

pai/aiile to mortgagee as mortgage interest may appear; also In" 
state, county, municipal bonds of other states not repudiating in 
10 years when total debt is not over 5% of assessed voZuation; alsi>- 
in notes secured fi^ national bank stock SS% above par. Amending 
C.L. S7231. Mich. 73, 10 My 

8777 Amending C.S.'97 83462 defining insurable property. 

N«b. 44, 27 Mr 

3778 Fire or marine companies hereafter organized must have a paid 

In capital of at least $200,000;' exception. S. T. 85, 15 Mr 

3779 Merger or consolidation of fire corporations amended ('92 ch.69(>' 

1129). N. T. 165, 30 Mr 

3780 Combinations of fire companies to control rates prohibited; 

annual afiidavtts of officers; revocation of license. 

S. 0. 39, 7 Mr 

8781 Fire companies may declare 10% dividend annually when possess- 

log fund equal to uaeamed premiums, in addition to 110% of 
capital, dividends and ' liabilities; no larger dividend till 
net surplus equals one half capital, and not less tban $100,000; 
when surplus equals capital and liabilities, stock may be In- 
creased. Wis. 166, 12 Ap 

8782 ZJability. Zioaew. Policy, In total loss by fire, a liquidated 'de- 

mand for full amount la policy or amount on which premium 
is charged. Amending Digest '04 §4140. Ark. 61, 18 Mr 

3783 Substantial compliance with terms of policy entitles owner of 

personal property to recover against Are company. 

Ark. 85, 29 Mr 

3784 Fire company to pay face of policy in case of total loss; full 

amount of partial loss not exceeding face of policy. 

Fta. 16, 31 My 
3786 Contract of Insurance is agreement to pay on destruction, in- 
jury, loss or damage. Amending "96, 160. Teatn. 31, 27 Mr 

3786 Fire companies to make detailed reports of flre losses to insur- 

ance commissioners within 10 days of settlement of toss. 

Vt. 79, 28 N '98 

3787 Insurer may rebnlld on giving notice Id 20 days, commencing 

work in 30 days thereafter and paying rent from loss to date 
of completion. Wash. 14Ci, 15 Mr 



3788 Fire lasurauce companies liable, In case ot total loss, for whole 
amount stated in policy; in case of partial loss; basis of compu- 
tation shall be amount named in policy; Insured to have right 
to enforce claim In courts. W. Vn. 33, 22 My 

3788 Policy void IC building becomes vacant and bo remains for 10 
days and c<mtinwng till fttn« of fire. Amending R.S.'SS 91941 
8ubdlT.46. Wis. 316, 2 My 

3780 Foreign companies. Reinsorance. Begulatlqg reinsurance by 

fire companies; foreign companies authorized to do business in 
the state not to insure except through resident agents; ezami- 
DatloQ by superintendent of insurance. Ool. 127, 10 Ap 

3781 Foreign Are companies must transact buslnesB through resident 

local agents. Fla. 15, 3 Je 

3782 Fire and marine companies not to reinsure in unlicensed com- 

panies; sworn statements of amounts and names of companies 
yearly. ' Hlch. 240, 15 Je 

:3783 Fire companies not to Insure property in the state except through 
resident agents; companies authorized to do business In state 
must not reinsure risks In UQauthorlzed companies. 

Hon. p.118, e Mr 

3784 Insurance commissioner may license brokers to act as agents of 

fire companies Dot authorized to do buBlness in state; restric- 
tions; broker's bond. Neb. 42, 4 Ap 

3785 Policies on property In the state must be Issued only by resident 

agents. Neb. 43, 24 Mr 

3786 Foreign companies not to Insure except through resident agents; 

exception; reinsurance In or for unauthorized companies for- 
bidden; examination. • U. H. 86, 11 Mr 

3787 Policies to tie written only by resident agents; other regulations. 

Amending Ann.L.'S? §3580-81. Or. p.l85, 18 F 

3788 Risks must l:>e approved In writing by resident, licensed agent; 

exception: risks not to be reinsured Id unauthorized companies; 
annual report of companies; foreign mutual fire companies may 
be licensed. Fa. 153. 8 My 

3789 Foreign fire and marine companies mnst employ local agents. 

Tenn. 430, 24 Ap 
3800 Fire companies must file written agreement to Issue no polleies 
except through resident licensed agents, citizens of state; mis- 
demeanor for any other to write Insurance: owner Insuring 
with unauthorized company liable to state for 25% of premiums 
paid; unauthorized company's policies are valid. 

Wash. 144, IS Mr 




Hutual companl«s 

3801 Organization of mutual casuaU7 companies for Insuring farm 

property; business limited to five- contiguous counties. 

Ind. 233, 6 Mr 

3802 Mutual companies maj be organized by farmers for insuring 

grain, stock and farm buildings; regulations. 

Okl. 17 artl, 27 P 

3803 Mutual fire companies authorized; regulations. 

Or. p.78, 17 F" 

3804 Authorizing- Incorporation and prescribing regulations for mutual 

fire companies. Wash. 132, 14 Mr 

3809 Amending power of mutual stat^ fire and casualty companies 

as to granting of policies (Ann.S.'99 §4098). 

S. D. 96, 24 F 

3806 Couaty companies. County mutual fire companies may be or- 

ganised; regulations. '90-9J p.lfft reenacted to correct Ulegalittr 
in passage. Id. p.lll, 6 P 

3807 County mutual fire and casualty companies may insure only 

property specified. Amending Ann. S. '99 §4087. 

S. D. 97, 6 Mr 

3808 Township and municipal companies. Regulating the incorpora- 

tion and management of town mutual fire, lightning, windstorm, 
tornado or cyclone insurance companies. Amending '95 p.20O. 
Mo. p.2a4, 6 My 
3808 City and village mutual fire companies may require premUtm^^ 
and fees [formerly initiation fees and dues]. Amending R.S.'OS- 
51941 8ubdiv.7. Wis. 25, 17 Mr 

3810 Treasurer of town insurance' company need not be a director; 

annual meeting may be changed to any town in its corporate 
limits [formerly any town in which It may da business]. 
Amending R.S.'98 S1929. Wis. 168, 12 Ap- 

3811 Member of town mutual insurance company may withdraw by 

returning his policy with written request Jor cancelation, or by 
written notice property witnessed. Amending R.S.'98 J1937. 

Wis. 169, 12 Ap 
Hlscellaneous casualty 

3812 Live stock. Authorizing the incorporation of mutual companies 

to iuEure against loss of bogs by disease. ITeb. 46, 1 Ap- 

3813 Hail and cyclone. Mutual hall associations authorized. 

Kan. 24, 6 Ja; 149, 3 Mr 

3814 Generally amending '85, 186 as to mutual hall and cyclone com-- 

panies. Ulnn. 357, 21 Ap- 

8815 Repealing S1056-66 relating to hail cbmpanies. Wl«. UK, 30 Mr 




8816 Loss by mall or express. Mutual companies may lie iacorpor- 

ated' to insure Sanks, loan companies and county treasurers 

against loss from tbeft or loss of currency or securities shipped 

by registered mall or express; foreign companies; regulations.' 

m. p.235. 24 Ap 

381T Companies may be organized to insure against loss of money 
or property by burglary, robbery or In course of transportation 
by registered mall or express. Amending R.S.'89 §5873, 6876, 
5891. Ho. p.249, 14 Ap 

3818 Pemltting mutual companies to Insure against loss by burglary. 

robbery or In re'glstered mail; conditions. Tei. 72, 17 Ap , 

3819 Authorizing insurance against burglary and robbery of malls; 

regulations. Wis, 05, 27 Mr 

3620 Bicycle. Bicycle theft insurauce companies to have ?25,000 
capital; may do business when $10,000 has been paid in; de- 
posit $10,000 with Insurance commissioner. Amending' '95, 
175. Minn. 234, 17 Ap 

8821 Authorizing mutual bicycle Insurance companies. 

'Wis. 161. 12 Ap 

3822 Plate glass. Repealing provision permitting life insurance com- 

panies to Insure plate glass. Ujch. 177, 23 Je 

3823 Uiscellaneons. Mutual creamery Insurance companies may issue 

policies when not less than 25 [formerly 50] risks aggregating 
SSO.OOO [formerly $100,000] have been subscribed; mutual 
retail MrAware insurance companies may issue policies icftera 
$500,000 on 250 risks subscribed. Amending '87, 258. 

Minn. 198, 13 Ap 

3824 Annual meeting of church insurance corporations to be held 

Wednesday after second (formerly Tuesday after first] Monday 
in January. Amending R.S.'98 S1941 subdiT. 27. 

'Wis. 27, 17 Mr 

3825 Church insurance societies may amend articles of organization. 

Wis. 118, 1 Ap 

Suretjr and -guaranty companies 

(See also Euretyiihlp. 1711; Bonda of iBrlous publEc olQcera UDder specific beads) 

«382e Incorporation, Regulation. Surety companies to malte annual 
report; agent's certificate; reserve fund; liability on behalf of 
one person limited. Ct. 55, 19 Ap 

3827 Generally regulating surety companies; deposit of $25,000 with 

secretary of state; on refusal to become surety for person they 
must on request furnish reasons In writing. '95 p.86 reeitaeted 
to correct illegality in passage. Id, p.l87, 9 P 

3828 Organization and regulation of surety companies. 

HL p.260, 17 Ap 


'3829 Incorporatloa of mutnal bond companies to Instre Bdellt; of 
members In ofQces of responsibility; obligations of members; 
asseesments; reseire fund; annual report to state auditor. 

Neb. 18, 2S Mr 

3830 Surety company's bond to be approved by auditor [formerly sec- 

retary] of state. Amending Digest '94 J4164. 

Ark. 46, 7 Mr 

3831 Amending conditions under nblcb surety companies may do busi- 

ness and esecnte bonds required by law (Ann.L.'ST §3279-84). 
Or. p.l^, 20 F 

3832 Auditor may waive deposit required of anrety companies whlcb 

file certificate oC United States government that such company 
is accepted as official surety. Amending '(@, 27. 

W. Va. 37. 24 F 

3833 Acc«ptauce on bonds. Payment of pramlnm. Submlttiag consti- 

tutional amendment permitting surety companies to sign bonds 
of state, municipal and county officers. Vote 1900. 

Alt ].r. 1, 8 My 

3834 Bonds of surety companies to be accepted in civil actions. 

Ot. 132, 31 My 

3835 Surety companies may be accepted on official bonds. 

Flk. 10. 1 Je 
8838 Premiums on fiduciaries' bonds may be paid from trust funds. 

FU. D3, 1 Je 
8837 Bonds and sureties required by law may be executed by surety 
companies authorized to do business in state; companies to pay 
state license fee; premium for bond of state, district, county, 
city, village or school district treasurers to be paid by state, 
district, etc.; one half the premium for other officers to be paid 
by state, district, etc. Id. p.337, 23 F 

3838 Snretf companies may act on bonds to state. Amending '94 ch.S^ 

561. Hass. 364. 12 My 

3839 Surety companies may be accepted on bond of any x»erson or 

corporation, or state, county or totcnship ojfieer. Amending '87, 
84. Not. 84, 14 Mr 

3840 Bonds required by law may be executed by surety companies; 

Judge may allow fiduciaries amount paid for surety; in all 
actions party entitled to costs to be allowed amounts paid 
surety company. N. IL 41. 15 Mr 

3841 Becelvers ~and assignees and otber fiduciaries required to give 

bonds may be allowed the sum paid surety company. Amend- 
ing '97 art2 eb.9. Okl. 10 artl. 10 Mt 
8842 Premium on guardian's, administrator's or school officials' bonds 
may be Included as expenses. Amending '97 cIi.liM 92. 

Wash. 42, 7 Mr 


Transportation. Comnm r\ I eatton 


S843 Party recovering eoste may Include premium on bond not ex- 
ceeding 2%. Amending B.S.'96 £1966 aQbdIv.36. 

Wis. 3S1, 4 My 

3844 Fremlnms paid surety companies for signing bonds may tie in-* 

clnded In expenses of fiduciaries and public 'officers and be 
taxed as costs In actions. . Wy. 9, S F 

3845 Surety companies may be accepted on ttonds of officers having 

custody of money; premiums paid from public funds. 

Wy. 94, 21 P 

3846 FOTeigm companies. Permitting foreign surety companies to do 

business In state; restrictions; such companies may be ac- 
cepted on bonds given for performance of any duty. 

Hon. p.82, 24 F 

3847 Foreign stoct: surety companies to do business In state must 

liave 5200,000 unimpaired capital,, exclusive of stockholders' 
obligations; not to take any Blngle'*rlsk larger than one tenth 
of net assets. Vt. 76, 30 N '68 

3848 Foreign fidelity Insurance companies to deposit 8100,000 In se- 

curities with Insurance commissioners before being accepted 
on bonds by probate courts. Vt. 77, 30 N '98 

384B Cr«dit Insurance. Casualty Insurance companies may indem- 
nify merchants from loss by reason of giving credit to cus- 
tomers. Amending '92 ch.eOO S70. M". T. 693, 25 My 

Transportation. Communication 

[See also Taxation, 1163; Corporattona, gSD; LIbdb, 1£EI9> 


3860 Ealbroad commission consisting of three elected members 
created; road to post schedules In all stations; discrimination 
and pooling forbidden; express companies included In act. 

Ark. 53. 11 Mr; 119, 15 Ap 

3851 State corporation commission created to have supervision over 

railroad, steamboat, canal, express, telegraph, telephone and 
sleeping car companies, building and loan associations and 
banks; to fix rates, prevent discrimination and collect license 
fees; rules; powers; to be a court of general jurisdiction. 

H. C. 164, 6 Mr; 642, 8 Mr; 688, 8 Mr 

3852 Repealing '91, 320 eatabllshing commission for supervision of 

railroad, steamboat, express and telegrfipb companies. 

N. C. 506, 6 Mr 


Tnuisportatlou. CommonlcatioTi 


38B3 Amending the organization o( board o( internal Improvements. 
(Code eh.38). IT, C. 68, 10 F 

3854 Foreign telegrapb, telepbone, expresB, Insarance, Bteamboat and 

railroad corporations to become domestic before doing bnsl- 
ncBS In state; filing charter; fees; rights. N. C. 62, 10 V 

3855 Kegulatiug tbe incoriraratlon and organization of railroad, Bteam- 

boat, street railroad and canal companies; fees; manner of in- 
crease of capital stock; charter perpetual nnless expreaslf 
Umlted. S. 0. 41, 28 F 

Railways. Common cariiers 

3856 State railways. CommiBBion eatabUsbed to represent state, as 

owner of Western & Atlantic railroad, In erection of union pas- 
senger station In Atlanta. 0a. p.T7, 20 D '0» 

8857 Suits may be brought against tbe state as owner of tbe Nortb- 
eastern railroad In certain cases; aervice on station agent 

Oa. p.lOl, 22 D '9a 
Organization. Property. Fovers 

3858 IncorporaUon. Officers. BevlBlon of Digest 'M 96148-50, 6IT6- 
as to Incorporation of railroads; creating state board to pass 
on applications for charters. Ark. 203, 8 My 

8859 Petition for approval of railway company's articles of associa- 
tion to be filed with railroad commissioners; notice of hearing. 
Amending R.S. cb.51, . He. 117. 17 Mr 

3860 Commission created to negotiate with all specially chartered 

railway companies for surrender of charters and reincorpora- 
tion under general laws. Klch. 172, 23 Je 

3861 Roads organized under train rnllwajB act ('55, 148) major paxt 

of whose tracks are In city or village, exempt from provlsloo 
allowing any person to use tracks on paying toll; such roads 
may unite with others, sell or lease franchises and acquire 
real estate. Mich. 132. IG Je- 

3862 Railroad law amended as to election of officers and directors, 

place of meetings, power to construct branch lines and liability 
of persons boiding stock as executor, trustee, etc. 

N. IC. 29, 9 Mr 

3863 Railroad corpoi-atlons may purchase, lease or operate other rail- 

roads, or build connecting lines and branches. '90-91 p.lH 
reenacted to correct illegalify in passage. Id. p.81. 2 V 

3864 Authorizing the building, ieass and consolidation of railroads. 

a. D. 124, 21 F 

3865 Stock. Bonds. Uortgages. Removing limitation oa ilemmiiaa- 

tions of railroad bonds (formerly not less than $500]. Amend- 
ing C.C. E466. CoL 50, 4 Mr 


TransportBtton. Conununicatlon. 


Railroad companies In their annual report must etate how much 
of their debt waa occasioned by and how much caiJlliil stock 
was used lor the purchase of gteaniboat lines. Aiiiuuiling 
G.L.'SS 13923. Ct. ai, 30 Mr 

Railroad mortgages, except purchase mone; mortgages, not to be 
issued without consent of railroad commissioners and holders 
of two thirds of stock. Amending '90 ch.565 54. 

N.Y. 583, 12 My ' 

Amending '94 ch.346 S44 relating to Increase or decrease of cap- 
ital stock by domestic railway corporations. N, T. 696, 25 My 

Provisions forbidding corporations to issue stofk except for a 
consideration equal to par value not applicable to railroad reor- 
ganization. Amending R.S.'»8 81753. Wis. 193, 18 Ap 

Public aid. Levy and collection of tax to pay township Ijonds 
issued in aid of railroad prohibited; exceptions. 

S. C. 47, 6 Mr 

Consolidation. Sale. Lease. Foreign railroad corporations may 

buy, lease, etc. tlie property, franchise, etc. of a domestic raJl- 

road with which It is connected. Amending Code '96 S1169. 

Ala. p.28, 7 F 

Railroads may purchase or -lease connecting lines. 

CoL 88, 1 Ap; 125, 18 Ap 

Venue of suit against railroad company for unlawful acquisition 
of competing line shall be in any county through which latter 
line runs. Amending Code '95 g2334. Oa. p.50, 21 D '9& 

Railroads may guarantee bonds of other railroad companies. 
Supplementary to R.S.'87 pt 2 t.4 ch.2. '90-91 p.n reenacted 
to correct Ulegfility in passage. Id. p.lO, 2 F 

Railroads may contract for running trains of one over road of 
another. Amending R.S. ch.55 §54. He. 1, 2T Ja 

Foreign corporations leasing or purchasing railroads to be sub- 
ject to tax taws; must comply with all laws governing foreign 
corporations; parallel lines not to consolidate. Amending G.8. 
S2714. Minn. 229, 15 Ap 

Railroad property and franchises may be transferred to any other 
corporation, which may operate and extend lines and exercise 
eminent domain. Nev, 20, I.Mr 

Railroads may sell or lease their property or franchises. 

Okl. 10 art.2, 24 F 

Railroads not over 30 miles long may be leased for 10 years on 
approval of railroad commission. Tex. 52, 30 Mr 

Railroads may buy and sell property and franchises to other 
railroad corporations. TJ. 1, 17 Ja; 17, 6 Mr 


portatlon.. Comtntuiic&tlon 


3SS1 Railroad taking lease or conveyaoce of another line'haa all rights 
and liabilities of corporation leasing or conveying. Amending 
R.S.'9e 9IS33. Wla. 191, 18 Ap 

3882 BallroadB may purchase property or franchise of Insolvent non- 
competing corporation nhose line crosses or continues pur- 
chasing line. Amending R.S.'SS E1TS8. Wla. 198, 18 Ap 

8883' LooattOn. Bight of way. (See oJiro CondemDBUoD proceedingB, 24W; 

Eminent domaio, 1G94J Railroads may condemn land necessary 
for embankments, excavations, 6tc. or for protection of road- 
way. Amending Code '96 11163. Ala. p.28, 15 F 
8884 Repealing Digest '94 §2785 requiring railroad to secure written 
consent of two thirds of property owners before conuclls In 
towns and citlee can grant right of' way along streets. 

Ark. 8, 9 F 
38BS Granting railroads right of way through state and school lands. 

,Id. p.361, 28 F 

3886 Map of railroad route to be certlfled by president and aecretary 

[formerly majority of directors] ; repealing clerk hire for board 
approving maps. Amending C.L. g6232. Mich. 180, 20 Mr 

3887 Use by public of right of way and station grounds of any rail- 

road shall not give right to continue to use. 

Ind. 209, 6 Mr 

3888 Length of occupancy of land belonging to or adjoining a railroad 

not to create In noaowaer any right to such land. 

B. I. 657, 5 My 

388S Trespass on railroad property, after notice is posted, forbidden. 

Amending P.S.'91 ch.266. N. H. 75, 11 Mr 

3890 Railroads not to hold narrow pass to exclusion of other roada; 

Joint use where only one track possible. Tenn. 399, 19 Ap 

3891 Railroads authorized to extend lines through Indian territory. 

Tei. 17, 3 Mr 

3892 Railroads may condemn land for water reservoirs, new right of 

way for change or relocation to shorten line or reduce grades; 
abandonmMit or change of line through city or town must be 
authorized by railroad commission. Amending R.S.'95 
art.4445. Tex. 68, 26 Ap 

3893 Pending litigation, railroad may take possession of condemned 
- property on paying defendant awarded damages or depositing 

same In court and depositing equal amount and giving bond 
for farther costs. Amending R.S.'95 art4471. 

Tex. 70, 15 Ap, 

3894 Notice of damage to property by railroad not required when 

action Is brought within the year. Amending R.S.'98 gl816b. 

Wis. 307, 29 Ap 

jd by .Google 

Traiupottatlon. Commuiilaitiaik 


3885 Allowtog railroads to exercise eminent domain In locating or 

relocattne line and liranchet. Amending '88, 56. 

Wy. 34, 16 F 
3686 Construction. Oprntitltm, Railroads organized under special 

acts may extend roads. Amending '87 cb.96 £2. Me. 7, 10 F 
3887 ExtendlDg for five years tlie time prescribed for commencement 

or completion of railroads which have acquired one third of 

their right of way or begun construction. Amending '9S ch.TOO 

SI. If. Y. 6i7, 25 My 

8898 Railroads may buy or build branch lines not over 15 miles to 

mine or quarry. Tenn. 259, 17 Ap 

8809 Time for construction of railways extended two years; forfeited 

charters restored. Tex. 19, 3 Mr 

3900 Railroad and warehouse commission may require uniform gage. 

Kinm 78, 20 Mr 
3801 Bridges. Tunnels. Railroads may build bridges over navigable 

streams. '90-91 p.S2 reenacted to correct illegality in passage. 

Id. p.20, 2 F 

3902 Extending proTlsions of '73, 198 regulating incorporation and 

management of railroads to bridge and tunnel companies. 14p. 
Ulch. 266, 23 Je 

3903 Companies to bridge state boundary waters may Incorporate; 

same powers and restrictions as railroads. Hlnn. 247, IS A^ 
Traffic — general 

3904 Foreign railroad corporations connecting at state line with di>- 

mestic corporations may establish terminals. Vt. 69, 19 N '9& 

3905 -Ballroad commisBlonera. Court of visitation consisting of three 

elective judges created; g;lven extensive control over railroads; 
may establish classMcatlon and rates, prescribe equipment and 
service and decide all complaints; office of state solicitor cre- 
ated ; court may appoint receiver tor road failing to comply with 
its decree; supreme court may review decrees; penalty for dis- 
criminations; In case of strike court may summon corporation 
and if strike appears just may order road to at once resume 
operations; on failure to comply receiver may be appointed. 

Kan. 28, 3 Ja 

3906 Board of railroad commissioners abolished. Parts of G.S.'97 

ch.69,70 repealed. Kan. 29, 7,Ja 

3807 Revision of '97, 35 as to railroad commissioners; commissioners 

vested with Judicial power. Pla, 39, 3 Je 

3908 Board of railroad commissioners abolished. Or. p.24, 15 O '98 
3809 Railroad and warehouse commissioners to be chosen by people 

(formerly governor] ; term four [formerly three] years. Amend- 
- Ing '87 ch.l0 g9. MJiin. 39, 6 Mr 


Transportatioii. Conuniiiiicatlon 


3910 Expense ot enforcing orders of railroad eommlsBionera to be paid 

from genera! fund. M". D. 131, 9 Mr 

3911 Office of deputy railroad eommiasloner created. Amending G.L. 

ch.l87. It-I. 679, 24 My 

3812 Railroad commission may cbarge fees for furnishing copies of 

papers. Ten. 157, 29 My 

3913 Per diem of chairman of railroad commissioners SS [formerly $8] ; 

of oUier commissioners $5 [formerly $8]. Vt. 132, 30 N '98 _ 

3914 Railroad commissioners to report to governor in even [formerly 

odd] years. Amending R.S.'98 fil795. Wis, 308, 1 My 

3915 Commissioner of railroads to be paid in addition to salary all 

expenses [formerly $3 a day]; accounts to be audited by secre- 
tary of state [formerly governor]. Amending KS.'98 81797. 

Wis. 321, 2 My 
ITreight traffic 

3916 Rates. Discrimination. Unlawful for railway to raise rate on 

grain, flas, lumber, coal or live stock after same has been 
established 60 days except by consent of commission. 

Minn. 100, 27 Mr 

3917 Ballroad commiasion may [formerly after three days notice] 

temporarily alter existing freight rates, tariffs, acheiales, orders 
and ciroulara on any railroad or part of railroad. Amending 
•97, 52. Tex. 174, 5 Je. 

3918 Railways to receive and transport freight from water craft with- 

out discrimination for or against other such craft; penalty $500 
to $5000. Tex. 66, 12 Ap 

3919 Officer or employee of railroad demanding or collecting greater 

or less compensation than company asks of other party for 
same service shall be imprisoned from two to five years; eseep- 
ttons. Tex. 118, 16 My 

3920 UiBcellaneoua re^lationa. Railroads wliose rights of way join 

or are near each other may be required to connect their tracks 
for Interchange of freight cars; cost Repealing '97 p. 95. 

Jffo. p.128, 29 Ap 

3921 Expense of building " Y " at grade crossing to be borne equally 

by each company; duty of railroad commissioners to prosecute 
action to compel construction. Amending R.C.'95 §3067. 

W. D. 130, 8 Mr 

3922 Notice requiring railroad company to show cause why it should 

not be compelled to build platforms may be served on any 
ssent of company in state. Amending R.C.'95 §3062. 

K. D. 128, 8 Mr 

8823 Railroads on order of railroad and warehouse commission must 

build platforms for loading cars; hearing. Winn. 222, 14 Ap 


Tramsportatloii. ComintmteKtliMt 


3884 Railroads reqalred to build aldetracke (or certain shippers. 

S. J>. 125, 6 Mr 

3925 Railroad company, od shipper's application for 10 cars or less, 
shall furnish same in three dayd; 50 or more cars, in 10 days; 
At applicatfODS made on several days are filed on same day 
shipper to have 48 hours for loading each lot applied for. 
Amending R.S.'9S g4497, 4500. rtex. 48, 28 Mr 

39ii6 Reenactlng 'S2,-26 requiring railroads to deliver goods 'on pay- 
ment of charges specified in 1)111 of lading. Tex. 50, 29 Mr 

39iJ7 Suit for damage to property carried over two or more railroads 
may be brought against one or all In any county in which 
either operates';' damages recovered against carriers not part- 
ners Itt contract shall be apportioned by verdict or judgmeuL 
Tex. 125, 20 My 

3928 Idve stock. In suits involving damage to live stock In transit 
the burden of proof is with railroad unless It furnished trans- 
portation to shipper both ways. Kan, 30, 9 Ja 

3029 Owner of live stock transported over two roads may sue both 
Jointly when uncertain which road caused delay. 

Mlim. 311, 20 Ap 

3930 Railroads to furnish fiee transportation to shippers of carloads 

of live stock; road refusing liable for damages and attorney's 
fee. HQnu. 170, 11 Ap 

Passenger traffic 

3931 Tickets. FasscB. Ratee. Common carriers to designate ticket 

agents; unlawful for others to deal; unused tickets to be 
redeemed; ^felony to forge ticket Flo. 41, 2 Je 

3932 Sale of mileage books and limited tickets except by authorized 

agents forbidden; use restricted to persona named; companies 
to redeem unused portions in one year. Ma. 69, 14 Mr 

3933 Tickets for passage ou vessel or railroad train not to be sold 

except by authorized agent; unused tickets to be redeemed. 
If. Y. 506, '&I. [7n constitutional in so far as it undertakes to 
prohibit the business of brokerage in passage tickets; violates 
constitutional guarantees of civil rights and privileges and of 
lil>erty. People v. Warden of city prison, 1S7 N. T, 116. 

3934 Hequiring railroads to sell 1000 mile tickets for $20; regulations. 

Ameudlug '89, 202. Mich. '90. '91. l7nconstitutionaE. Deprives 
company ot ita property without due process of law. Lake 
Shore, etc. railway co. v. Smith, 173 U. S. 684. 
3936 1000 mile books to le Mid at rate of 2c a mUe; books for less than 
1000 miles may be sold at higher price. Amending- VtS. 
{3898-99. Vt. 70. 21 N '98 


Transportation. Commnnleatiou 


8936 $500 to $1000 fine for DeKlectlng to comply -with mileage book 
law. Amending VtS. §3900. Vt 71, 1 D 'Sa 

3837 Felony to give frank or pass to political committee, candidate or 
officer or to accept same. Wia. 3B7, 3 My 

3038 Train serrlce. Passenger trains to stop at county seats or sta- 
tions nearest them. Ala. p.l55, 21 F 

3S39 Certain throngb passenger trains need not stop at county seats. 
Amending E.S.'97 ch.ll4 S74. HI. p.332, 11 Ap 

8840 Ballroads must provide cabooses contaJnlng toilet room for live- 
stock shippers and emigrants. Ml Tin. 314, 20 A^ 

3941 Railroad and warebouse commissioners may require companies 
to run passenger trains so as to connect ^Itb trains of other 
roads. Mo. p.l27, 29 Ap- 

3842 Creating board -with power to compel railroads to make reasona- 

ble connections and to erect stations at junctions. 

Wis. 225, 20 Ap- 

3843 Space distinction. Railroad and steamboat companies to provide- 

separatc and equal ac^ommodatioiis for white and colored 
races; corporation commission may exempt branch and narrow 
gage lines; not to apply to street railroads, relief trains; sleep- 
ing cars and througb express trains. (N. G. 384, 4 Mr 

3844 Stations. Railway waiting rooms to be comfortably warmed,. 

kept clean, supplied with drinking water; two water closets 
to be provided at each passenger station and kept clean. ' 

Ark. 91, 31 Mr 

3845 Railroads to maintain 'water closets at passenger stations. 

Tenn. 211, 13 Ap- 

3846 Union station companies authorized to condemn land. 

Tex. 39, 29 Mr 

3947 Incorporation for constructing union stations amended (R.S.'89' 

82667-68). Mo. p.l24, 16 My 

3848 Repealing '79, 108 relating to use of public wharves and depots 

by agents of hotels, etc. N. C. 726, 8 Mr 

3849 Ba^ga^. Common carriers responsible for baggage 48 hours 

after arrival at destination. Ark. 34, 2 Mr 

3950 Suits against railroad for injuries to baggage in 12 months may 

be consolidated. Amending Digest '94, 6210. Ark. 86, 28 Mr 
8951 Disposition of unclaimed freight or baggage by transportation 

company amended ("96 ch.974 B46). H". T. 582, 12 My 

3958. Bicycles. TJncrated bicycles to be transported as baggage; not 
more than one for each person. Wash. 16, 21 F" 


Traneportatloii. Communlcathm 


Tracks. Maintenance and safety. (From atandpolnt o( BBteguariliiiB. For lo- 
cution and (onstructlon see Organ Izatl on, 3S6g) 

3953 Railroad crossings. (See also Street railway crosslnga, 4019) Rall- 

I'oad trains need not come to full stop at crossing fitted with 
derailing swltcbes, etc. nor where flagman Is stationed. Amend- 
ing Code '96 §3441, Ala. p.44. 2 F 

3954 Trains not required to atop at crossings provided witb inter- 

locking switclies. Amending R.S. §2263. Ha, 102, 1 Je 

3955 Trains need not stop at crossing provided with Interlocking 

switches. Amending '71, 46. Tiemn. 100, 27 Mr 

3956 Railroad, in securing a crossing over or under another railroad 

outside city limits, may change grades of streets or highways; 
commissioners to decide disputes. Amending '95, 241. • 

W. J. 111. 23 Mr 
3967 Highway crossings. Report of railroad commissioners as to 
grade crossings to be filed in their office and mailed to railroads 
and muiiieipalitieg interested; deHsion flnal unless appeal taken to 
supreme court at next term; appellant to file with commissioners 
Ms reasons in li days. Amending '89, 282. Ue. 73, 15 Mr 

3958 Municipal coi-poratlona may acquire land necessary to avoid grade 

crossings either under condemnation law or under charter. 
Amending '97 cli.754 , |63. H. T. 226. 3 Ap 

3959 Person aggrieved by decision of railway commlssionera In regard ' 

to grade crossing may appeal witMn 60 days to appellate divis- 
ion ot supreme court Amending '98 ch,520 S62. 

N. T. 359. 18 Ap 

8960 When railroad Is compelled by law to elevate or depress its 

tracks In streets of cities of 250.000 It still has the right to 

operate a- surface passenger railway. N. T. 497. 2 My 

3961 Municipalities may borrow money to pay for expense of making 

or changing grade crossings. Amending '90 ch.565, art.2, 
N. T. 541, 5 My 

3962 If railroad commissioner consents or refuses to consent to grade 

crossing, appeal may be had to court by any party aggrieved. 
Amending G.L. ch.l87 §45. - , B. I. 658, 5 My 

3963 City may order railroad tracks removed when declared nuisances. 

and may require gates at crossings. IT. 27, 9 Mr 

3964 Signs at crossings amended (P.S.'91 cli.159 S5). 

IT. a. S3, 8 Mr 

3965 Flagmen to be placed at crossings when orderedby railroad com- 

missMmer [formerly by town council]; appeal; penalty. Amend- 
ing G.L. ch.l87 S47-48. K. I. 701. 1 Je 

3966 Act regulating grade of approaches at railroad crossings applies 

to highways hereafter estabtlabed. Amending Digest '94 

S6263. Alt. 6. 1 P 

3067 Rsllroarls siiall grade public road crossings (o level of rails and 

keep In reptilr 10 Feet each aide of track. Tenn. 350, 22 Ap 

Trftasportation, CommimicaUtni 

292 NBW xoes statd libbarx 

3968 Railroad f«iiciag. KlUing atock. Railroads to fence both 

sides of track except In towns or cl^es where not required by 
ordinance or In one mile of limits of city of 10,000. 

na." 45, 5 Je 

3969 If railroad company falla to pay amicable award for damage to 

anlmalB In SO [formerly 10] days. Injured party maji sve in 
oounty Khere injury kos done for actuai dama^et and court ehaU 
QKard double the amount. Amending Digest '94 16353. 

Afk. 49, 9 Ur 

3970 Track overseer not flllng report of stock killed liable to pay 

double for all unreported stock killed, to be collected as other 
daime [formerly as for stock killed]. Amending Code '95 
i22S0. Ghu p.49, 7 D '9S 

8871 Repealing Code '^ $2253-60 regarding notice to railroad com- 
pany of claim for kilting stock; trial, Judgment, execution, 
appeal, levy, advertisement and sale, proceeds, tender of dam- 
ages, suit by Joint owner. Qa. p.50, 7 D '96 

8973 Wben damages to stock have been agreed on by owner and 
railroad, railroad must pay within 40 days. Mo. p.l24, 29 Ap 

3973 UlscellaoMus. Owners of land separated from highway by a 

railway may construct driveway across railway. Amending 
•85, 44. Ind. 212, 6 Mr 

3974 Pushcars and other wheeled contrivances not to be run on 

railroad tracks except by employees. Or. p.188, 18 F 

8975 Riding a bicycle or walking on roadbed of railroad forbidden. 

B. I. 613, 24 F 

8976 Frogs, switches and guard rails must be filled and blocked by 

Oct. 1, 1899; company liable for damages resulting from 

neglect; penalty $500 to $2000. - Wash. 35, 6 Mr 

Trains — management and safety. (From staDdpolnt ol safe guardLnE. - Bee al»o 

CoDstructlDD, t^erBtion, 3G96; Frelgbt traffic, 3»1B: FasBeQEer Craffic, 3911) 

3977 Obstruction. Injuiy to equipment. (Bte alto Mjecellaiieoui ciimea, 

B69S) Amending Code '96 $ 5378 probibltlng interference with 
trains. Ala. p.60, 3 F 

3978 Unauthorized persons not to remove or Interfere with signals 

connected with railroads. Ala. p.l53, 3 F 

8979 Unauthorized persons not to signal trains. Ala. p. 157, 8 F 

8980 Unlawful for unauthorized person to tamper with train, switch, 

track or signals. Fla. 43, 27 My; 44, 29 My 

3981 Unlawful to signal train except at station or to prevent accident. 

Pla. 47, 29 

8982 Unlawful to make or dispose of keys to unlock switchlocks or 

carlocks except by consent of the common carrier. 'S3 p.70 

reenacted to correct UlegalUy in paasage. Id. p.182, 9 F 


Ttansportatloii. Oommnnln atf iM 


3983 If Injury to railroad property Injures person on train, person 

causing same sba]! be Imprisoned oue to 20 years; companies 
may request governor to appoint, special police with powers 
of constables, to be paid by companies. Amending Code "SI 
ch.l45 m. W. Va. 55. 24 P 

3984 Obstructing track, boarding pataenger train vAth intent to rob or 

ciminUt otKer feUmv, facing dynamite on track, tetting pre to bridge, 
punished vith death or life impritonment [formerly 14 yean 
Imprisonment]. Amending 'DO cli.73 £65. Wy. 49, 1? F 

S88B WUetles. Air whistles may be used by railroads Instead of 
steam whistles. ' Ct. S, IS Mr 

3986 StealliiK ride. Stealing ride on' train forbidden. 

Ala. p.154. 23 F; Fla. 42, 29 My; Ulna, 97, 25 Mr 
Hon. p.150. 24 F; N. C. 625, 8 Mr; N. D. 127, 27 F 

3987 XHscellaneouB. Unlawful to board moving train. Fla. 48, 2 Ja 

3988 Superintendent of motive power and master mechanic ma; reside 

where principal shops [formerly general offices] of railroad are 
located In the state; railroad commission may authorize subor- 
dinate officers to reside at any place on tbe line. Amending 
B.S.'95 art436S. Tex. 105, 10 My 


3989 Forgery in third degree to counterfeit receipt for railway em- 

ployees' aaaoclation dues or letter of recommendation. 

Minn. 23, 25 F 

8990 Railroad companies not to permit trainmen to worfc more than 18 

consecutive hours without eight hours for rest. ITeb. 77, 1 Ap 

8991 Railroad companies liable for all damages sustained by employees 

by reason of negligence oC other employees; liability not Im- 
paired by contract; does not apply in construction of new road. 
N. D. 129, e Mr 

Rapid transit. Street railways 

8992 State board. Commissioner. General supervision of railroad 

commissioners over steam roads extended to all railways, hy 
whatever power operated. Amending Yt.S. S3982. 

Vt. 74. 28 N '98 

3993 Compelling street railway companies to report annually to rail- 

. road commissioner. Wis. 329, 3 My 

OrganiEation. Property. Location. Powers 

8994 Incorporation. Gtaieral. Street railroad law revised (R.S.'SS 

ch.l56). Mo. p.374, 19 Je 


Transportation. Communication 


3895 Special street railway charters made subject to Vt.S. clj.170 rela- 
tive to filing desorlption of proposed route and settlement of 
disagreements with local authorities by railroad commisslonera 
and claims for damages by court; grade crossings with rail- 
roads. Vt. T2, 30 N '98 

3996 Street railways uBder special charters have all rights conferred 
by general laws. We. 100, 10 Mr 

3897 Petition for approval of street railway company's articles of 

association to be filed with railroad commissioners; hearing; 
parties of record may appeal to supreme court. Amending 
'93. 268. Me. 119. 17 Mr 

3998 Companies may accept law ('9ff, 580) for taxation and regulation 
of street railways, at any time prior to Oct. 16. 1SB9 [formerly 
Oct. 1. 1898]. E. I. no. 20 S- 

3898 FranoMses, Location of tracks. {See alto Municipalities— (ran cbiaes, 

2S66; Taiatlon— traDBportntloQ corporatioaa, 1S94) Street car compan- 
ies may exercise eminent domain; franchises may be granted 
Ijy city council for period of 20 years; control of streets re- 
served to city; repealing R.S. ch.06; '97 p.282 allowing 50 year 
franchise and 50 year renewal and regulating fat'es. 

ni. p.331, 7 Mr 

4000 Street railways in Indianapolis may surrender franchises and 

make contract with city not to exceed 34 years; fares not to 
exceed 5c, six tickets for 25c, 25 for SI; city may make new 
contract at expiration, may purchase lines or open fraccliise 
to competition; suburban roads to use same tracks. 

Ind. 150, 3 Mr; 180, 4 Mr 

4001 Cities not to grant right to lay tracliB In streets except on peti- 

tion of owners of more than one hainhe frontage. 

Mo. p.105, 27 Ap 

4003 County commissioners may grant right to operate street railway 

on public roads outside of cities and villages, not over 25 
years. Minn. 305, 20 Ap 

4003- Street railways may exercise eminent domain outside cities. 

Minn. 350, 20 Ap 

4004 Slinor amendment to '08. 199 authorizing boards of chosen free- 

holders to improve highways and provide for construction of 
street railways thereon. H. J. 102, 22 Mr 

4005 Estendicg right of eminent domain to electric railway companies. 

Wash. 94,- 13 Mr 

4006 Bridges. Law ('87.334) as to esaminatlon of railriiarl bridges 

applicable to street railieay l)ridges. Mass. 286, 20 Ap 

4007 Consoldidation, Street railroad companies having connected 

and continuous lines may consolidate. Ind. 165, 3 Mr 


Trausport&tloii. Commurdeatfam 

n LEGISLATION, 1899 295 

4008 Transfers. TraDBfer tickets to be used only by passenger en- 

titled thereto. 

Ct. 153, 1 Je; W. H. 83. 11 Mr; Wis. 125, 8 Ap 

4009 aasceU&naouB powerB. BapiUtloii. 'Unlawful to Injure street 

railteav signals. Amending P.S. ch.ll2 J20T. 

KasH. 252, 10 Ap 

4010 Stealing lide on street car forbidden. Amending G.3. e685T. 

Ulnn. 09, 26 Mr 

4011 Amending C.S.'97 i922n, 992b forbidding street railway com- 

panies to carry municipal officers free; firemen and policemen 
may be carried free. Heb. 11, 8 Ap ' 

4012 Prorlding for sale and disposition of property left in street cars. 

N. Y. 488, 2 My 

4013 Street railroads [formerly in cities of 500,000] may use sand and 

in vAnter. salt on their rails. Amending '92 cb.OT6 glOT. 

■N. T. 491, 2 My 

4014 Minor amendment to railroad taw ('90 ch.665 glOO) as to motive 

power of street railroads. N. T. 584, 12 My 

rrotection. Safety 

4015 Street cars to be comfortably beated from November to March 

Inclusive; penalty $25 to 1100 a day for eacb car. 

Ind. 129, 2 Mr 

4016 Limitation of Speed in street to Ave miles an hour not applicable 

to railway cars; mayor and aldermen or selectmen may regu- 
late speed of cars in streets. Amending P.S.'Sl cb,264 glS; 
ch.27 ST. N, H, 61, 10 Mr 

4017 Gu&rds. Brakes. Street cars must be provided with fenders 

and brakes. Cal. 150, 22 Mr 

-4018 Required to equip cars with snch fenders and guards as may 
be required by board of railroad com miss loners. 

Vt. 73. 19 N "98 

4019 CrOBsiags.^ Provision governing railroad crossings applicable to 

street and eleetrie roads. Amending R.S.'98, 1863a. 

Wis. 306, 29 Ap 

4020 Employees. Platforms oC street ears to be inclosed during cer- 

tain months. N. H. 69, 10 Mr 

Other forms of transportation 

4021 Express, (See alao Hailway8-trafflc,3904) Court of visitation to 
have same Jurisdiction over express companies as over rail- 
roads. Kan. 19, 6 Ja 


bajuportation. Communication 


Telegraph and tolephane 

4022 Telegraph and telephone companieB ma? acquli'e right to cou- 

struct llnea along railroad rights of way. Amending G.S. 
S2«04. • Minn. 51, 11 Mr 

4023 Proceedings for aacertalolng and paying damages to property 

caused by telegraph and telephone companies to be the same 
as those for datuages by railroad companies. Amending 
R.8.'89 cli.42 arte. Mo. p.l29, 15 My 

4024 Telegraph laws (Code E20T-12) amended to apply to telephone; 

other minor amendments. W. C. (U, S F: 84, 13 B" 

" 4025 Telegraph and telephone compauiea may obtain right of way by 

contract or condemnation; procedure. S, C. 40, 23 F 

4026 Unlawful to malletously cut or break telegraph or telephone 

wires, to Obtain messages in any unauthori^ted manner or to 

delay messages. Amending R.S.'ST S7150-72. '93 p.90 reett- 

aeied to correct illegality in possitye. Id. p. 190, 9 F 

4087 Amending Ann.S. fSI73 relating to the dlTuIgiug of telegraph 

or telephone messages'. S. D. 134, 4 F 

4028 Telegraph. Court of visitation to have same Jurisdiction over 

telegraph companies as over railroads; charges fixed for ser- 
vice In the state. ' Kan. 38, 6 Ja 

4029 Wire over public roads for bracing telegraph poles must be 15 

feet from ground. Col. So, 6 Ap 

4030 Telephone. Foreign telephone companies to have special char- 

ter; superior court or judge to decide whether telephone Is 
needed in any district; other regulations. Repealing G.L.'SS- 
S1047. 3W4-45. 3954. Ct. ]58, 7 Je 

4081 Not less than three [formerly nor more than nine] directors of 
telephone company to be bona &de stock holders. Amending 
'81 ch.l01. Ind. 92, 24 F 

4032 Telephone companies not to injure trees on highway nor interfere 
witli running of railway trains; lines to be,run along railways 
or established subdivision lines when owner objects to their 
crossing hia lands. Amending C.L. §6681. Mich. 16, 9 Mr 

4038 Telephone lines not on public places and bighways or in cities 
and Tillages shall run along railways if adjacent to lands sought 
to be acquired; mode of acquiring right of way; applies only to 
lower peninsula. Supplementing C.L. £6668-95. 

Mich. 93. 31 My 

4034 Counties, townships and mimicipalltieB empowered to grant right 

of way to telephone companies over public grounds and 
highvcays and to impose restrictions. N. D, 156, 9 Mr 

4035 Penalty for injuring telephone posts. Amending Ann.S.'87 

11786. , Or. p.4, 11 O '98 

Uransportatiou. Communioattott 


4036 Misdemeanor to Injure property of telephone company. Amend- 

ing Code '91 cli.145 S26a. W. Va. 47, 24 P 

4037 County commiaaioQers may purchase or construct telephone lines 

on petition of two tbirds of taipayers. Mov. 70, 14 Mr 

4038 Cities, towns and villages may issue bonds for telephone lines; 

counties may issue on submilling proposition to vote. Amending 
R.8.'98 f942. WU. 309, 1 My 

Navigation. Water waya 

4039 Improvement of water ways. Navigable streams may. on ap- 

proval, of state land commissioners, be deepened, atralghtenea, 
etc. and dams built for tbe better liandling of logs, barges and 
rafts; tolls may be collected; regulations. Id. p. 332, 28 F 

4040 Counties of 200,000 may spend J5000 a year to improve navigable 

lakes. Minn, iifi, 11 Mr 

4041 In, counties of 150.000 to 210.000 oommlsBloners may spend $3000 

yearly to improve navigable lakes. Ulnn. 132, 5 Ap 

4042 General act authorizing Incorporation of canal and stream Im- 

pi-ovement companies. Wia, 288, 28 Ap 

4043 Pilotage. Amending tbe licensing of pilots for Delaware river 

and bay: fees for pilotage. '91 ch,448 S3, 18. 

Del. 271, 8 Mt 

4044 Pilot commission era for Columbia river to be appointed by gover- 

nor [formerly elected by legislature]; qualifications and com- 
pensation of pilot commissioner amended. Ann.L.'S? I3S93; 
■93 p.lO. Or. 11, 11 F 

4045 Bates of pilotage to and from port of Philadelphia amended 

('89 ch,210 81). Pa. 19, 30 Mr 

4046 Harbors. WhArves. Boarda of supervisors (nay authorize rail- 

roads to build wharves and piers with license to take tolls. 

Cal. 251, 22 Mr 

4047 Mooring to or Injuring buoys, beacons, etc, prohibited. 

Ct. 58, 19 Ap 

4048 Riparian owners may build piers, wharves and docks; not to ob- 

struct navigation. Ind. 101, 24 F 

4040 Public docks and piers may be built by cities; bonds may be 

issued. N. J. 47, 17 Mr 

4050 Counties authorized to maintain ferry or wltarf. un4er control of 

counly commUsioners. Amending '95, 130. Wash. 29, 6 Mr 

4051 Generally amending '97 ch.89 153 relating to leasing harbor 

areas. Wash. 12)2, 14 Mr 

4052 Correcting error In B.8.'98 S670 as to power of county board to 

establish dock lines. Wis. 351, 4 My 


rublic health and safety 


FerrlM. CommiBsionera of Iltlnols and Micbigan canal 
'e power to lease for 20 [formerly 10] years aoy water 
or laud connected with the canal; other minor amend- 
to K.S.'74 eh.l9 58. Dl. p.82, 21 Ap 
ormerly board] of claims to determine damages to per- 
rom canals, e3:cept claims for damages regulltng from the 
Hon of the canals. Amending "M ch.338 §37. 

N. T. 280, 7 Ap 
boards of commlesioners to grant or renew charters for 
i; regulations. S. C. 56, 10 F 

^neous regulations. Misdemeanor to put water hya- 
In navigable waters. Pla. 92, 11 My 

power companies may hold real estate for drydocks and 
; may dispose of real atid personal property; may elect to 
S taj: on capital stock in lieu of real estate general taxes. 
iing C.L. S6797, 6802. ' Mich. 231, 9 Je 

hoats not running for hire to carry lights and comply 
■ulea for pilots and steamboats. N- H. 82, 11 Mr 

;anor to persuade or aid sailor to desert; municipal courta 
rial Justices have Jurisdiction. Me, 53, 9 Mr 

r may appoint, on application of steamboat Sftmpany, 
)nal policemen for seriAce on steamboats. Amendifis '80 
S58. N. T. 539. 5Wy 

y amending Code S3851-li5 relating to wreclt districts^ 
aln counties; com m lesion era of wrecks and their duties, "v^ ^ 
N. C. 79, 13 F 
■auoia Amcnamg '91,450 relating to license of persons eiigip'd In biisi- y 
nesB of loading vessels on contract, N. C. 595, 7 Mr ^* 

Public health and safety 

General supervision 

Health boards 

4063 State boards. Special tax of V2 mill for state board of 

health, other than quarantine espensea. Fla. 32, 1 Je 

4064 Salary of live stock representative on state hoard of Iiealth to be 

flsed by board; not over S125 a month. Amending '97, 46, 


D,j.,.db,Googlc '\ 

PubUc health and Mfetr 


4065 laboratories. Board of health to estabtlsb a patbologlcal and 

bacteriological laboratory at Delaware college for diagnosis of 
dlaeasea and aoalyals of water wltbout 'charge. 

Del. 240, 23 Mr 

4066 Board of health to establish a bacteriological laboratory for 

examination of water supplies, milk and food and the determi- 
nation of suspected cases of contagions diseases; use of labo- 
ratory and all tuTestjgatloDs therein free to people of atatc. 

Vt 115, 26 O '88 

4067 Local boards. Rules of state board of health to be sent to 

county boards and county commissioners and published in two 
papers In each county; local ofHcer to be phyalclnn; compeusa- 
: tion lUc for each inhabitant up to 100,000, not to exceed $1500 
tformerly fixed by local board]: state board may remove Lfor- 
merly fine and Iraprlaon] for negligence; burial permits 
required; penalty for any violation ,$10 to ?100. Amending 
'91. 15. Ind. 16, 7 F 

4068 Supreme 'ond superior, courts may enforce orders of boards of 

health. Amending '93. 460. Haas. 143, U Mr 

4089 One physician to be on town board of health when practicable. 

Amending '97 cli.45 n. N. H. (B. 10 Mr 

4070 County boards of henlth to be appointed for one [formerly two] 

year; isolation of diseased animals, remornl of dead bodies nud 
condemnation of impure food removed from duties of superin- 
tendent; vacancies to be Diled by appointment by president of 
countii board [formerly slate superintendent]. Amending 
■B,C,'95 §245. 240. 252. N. D. 58, 24 F 

4071 Board of health In cities of 1.000,000 to consist of three [formerly 

five] members, and serve four [formerly throe] years; other 

amendment to '85 cli,33 art.3. Pa. 44, 12 Ap 

407Z Generally amending '95, 258 creating bureau of health in cities of 

100,000 to 1.000,000. Pa. 113. 2 My 

4073 Town boards of health to be under direction of state health officer 

[formerly officers]. Amending R.S.'95 art.1544. 

Tex. 169, 5 Je 

4074 Defining powers of boards of health as to nuisances, contagious 

diseases, quarantine regulations, burial permits and schools. 

V. 45. 9 Mr 

4075 Boards of health established In counties, cities nnd towns, con- 

sisting respectively of county commissioners, councllmen and 
trustees; each board to appoint physician as health officer; 
extensive powers. Wy. 70, 21 P 

Vital BtatlstiCB. (See also Marriage— record, S) 

^IUii3 Creating state burean of vital statistics. Fla/SS, 11 My 


Public health .and s&tetj 


4077 Increasing penalties for failure of kindred, keepers of public 
iDstltutlona, physicians, mfdwlves, health officers and clerks of 
district court to report vital staUstics. Amending G.S. 
8437-39. 441. Minn. 337. 20 Ap 

■4078 Town cierk may retain certain fees for perfecting records of 
births, marriages and'dentlis. Amending '93. 16. 

M". H. 6. 14 F 

4079 Copy of records of births, marriages and deaths to be transmitted 

' monthly [formerly annually) to stite registrar; if burial la not 
In town of death copy of death record to be sent to clerk of 
town of burial. Amending P.S.'91 ch.l73 84, 8. 

K. H. 17, 28 P 

4080 Health officers of cities and superintendents of county boards 

to collect vital statistics; penalty for neglecting to give notice 
of births and deaths to such officers; pbysicinns to furnish 
certificates; monthly reports to state board of health. Repeal- 
ing G.S.'85 ch.63 85; cb.l37 S3-4. N. D. 109, 8 Mr 

4081 Births, marriages and deaths not returned to proper recording 

olficer are to be recorded wlien known by that officer. Amend- 
ing G.L. cb.lOO. ». I. 616, 2 Mr 
4083 Ameurllng G.L. cb.lOO |21 relating to collection of statistics of 
births. R. I. 621, 3 Mr 

4083 Amending registration of vital statistics (Vt.S, cb.137). Repeal- 

ing '96, 56. Vt. 53, 30 N '98 

4084 Births to be reported by physUHatt, midwife or parents. Amending 

B.S.'98 gl023a. Wis. 250, 26 Ap 

Sanitation. Hulsances. Ulscellaiieoas 

4084 Dead bodies. When town board of health designates persons to 
grant burial permits, town clerk must be one of the persona. 
Amending '93 ch.6Cl S23. K. T. 211, 1 Ap 

4086 County commissioners may establish morgue in each city of 

100,000 to 1,000,000; other amendments to '93, 327. 

Fa. 51, 18 Ap 

4087 State board of health empowered to regulate tranaportatlou of 

dead bodies. Amending K.C.'95 3243. N. B. 30, 8 Mr 

4088 Embalmers. Board of examiners for embalmers created; to be 

appointed by state board of health; examination; license; regis- 
tration. Neb. 52, 2 Mr 

4088 State board of health to examine and license embalmers; regula- 
tions. IT. H. 76, 11 Mr 

4090 State board of embalmers created; examination and licensing of 
embalmers. S. I>. 87, 6 Mr 


Fabllc health and safotf 


4091 State board of embalmers created, to be appointed by governor, 
two from each congreBsIonal district; registration, examina- 
tion, licenses to embalmers; licensed embalmers must embalm 
aJJ bodies, wlien required, no matter how contagious the dis- 
ease, under penalty of $50 to ?100 and 10 to 30 days imprison- 
ment; misdemeanor to embaim without license; penalty $25 to 
$500 or imprisonment up to one year. W. Va. 60, 25 My 

- 4062 Saxbers. Creating state board of t}arberB' esaminers; examina- 
tions; persons iu business for past two years to have certiflcate 
on flling affidavits. Mich. 212, 1. -Te 

4003 ' Board of examiners for bari>era established; regulations; barl>era • 

to display certificates. Mo. p.44. 5 My 

4004 Barber's examining txiard created; examinations: license; quali- 

flcations; barbers' schools. Neb. 53, 31 Mr 

4005 Creating board of examiners for barbers; certificate to be dis- 

played In shop; fee; apprentice may serve without certificate; 
board may revolie certiflcate. Or. p.237, 23 P 

4006 Plumbers. Creating board for examining, plumiiera and grant- 

ing licenses; applies to cities and to such towns as vote to 
accept. N. H. 55, 9 Mr 

4067 Regulating license of plumbers Itt cities of 10,000; examination 
by board of public works and board of health; inspector of 
plumbing. WiB. 338, '97. Partly void. %2, providing that in 
the case of a firm or corporation the licensing of any one mem- 
ber shall be sufficient. discrimlQates In favor of firms as against 
piumliers doing business alone and violates constitutional pro- 
vision that no state shall deny to any person the equal protec- 
ton of the laws. State v. Benzenberg, 101 Wis. 172. 

4088 Hotels. Z<odKliig houses. State board of health shall inspect 
10 room hotels on complaint as to sanitary conditions. 

Fla. 35, 11 My 

4000 State board of health to inspect lodging houses iu cities of 100,- 

000 or more: regulations tor soch booses. Amending '77 p.208. 

la p.355, 21 Ap 

4100 Second hand bottlee. Goods not to be sold In second hand 

bottles; beer, mineral water and milk excepted; bottles not to 
be gathered from garbage. Pa, 79, 28 Ap 

4101 Nuisances — m.iaceIlaneous. New hospitals, pesthouses or burial 

grounds not to be established in built up portions of cities. 

Pa. 59, 20 Ap 

4102 Towns of 5000 may forbid privy vaults on premises opposite 

sewer. Mass. 184, 21 Mr 

4103 Supreme court may restrain illegal placing, maintenance or use of 

buildings; presumption against license. Haas. 326. 2 My 


Public health and safety 


4104 Unlawful to leave refuse matter In city streets or near water 

used for drinking. purposeB. N. M. Si, 16 Mr 

4105 District attorney on order of county Buperviaors to bring civil 

action to abate public nuisances. OeH. 88, 15 Mr 

4106 Cities may regulate or suppress Industries dangerons to public 

health. Amending R.S. '89 ch.3I artl. BU>. p,96, 11 My 

4107 Depositing carcasses oC domestic animals so as to cause nuisance 

forbidden. Me. 3&, 3 Mr 

4108 Village councils may order removal of unwholesome substances 

at owner's expense. Miiuj. 331, 20 Ap 

, 4109 Abatement of nuisances on infoi'mation or petition amended 

(P.S.'91 ch.205 H). H". H. SI, 11 Mr 

Contagious diseases 

(See also Dameetic snimals-conlaglouB dlaeoaea. 4»i31 

4110 Oeoeral regulations. Suspicious cases of disease to be reported 

to state board of health and to city health officer, or tnayor. or 

county health physician or diairman of county comaiissioniTs; stale 

health o/ficer to take charge of eontayious cases at state expense. 

Fla. 34, 24 My 

4111 School boards may make rules to prevent introduction and spread 

of contagious or infectious diseases; physicians to report cases 
to scliool board; board may appoint sanitary agent. 

Pa. 37, 11 Ap 

4112 Expense. Creating emergency fund of $1500 for suppression of 

epidemics and contagious diseases; to be expended undei' order 
of state board of health. ITeb. 51, 20 P 

4113 Contingent fund of $50,000 for state board of liealth, to prevent 

spread of cholera or other contagious diseases. 

Wis. 24. 17 Mr 

4114 Hospitals. Certain mining companies to erect pesthouses In 

which to care for employees affected with contagious diseases. 
K. M. 64. 16 Mr 

4115 Cities of 250.000 may maintain, outside their limits, with approval 

of state board of health, hospitals for treatment of pnlmonary 
tnberculosis; regulations. N. T. 637, 23 My 

4116 Quarantine. State health officer may establish quarantine In any - 

part of State: powers of county, city and town officials sub- 
ordinate to state officer; supervision of trains, laoats. etc.; quar- 
antine regulations. Ala, p.l29. 23 F 

4117 Physicians to cause patients having smallpox or other contagious 

disease to be quarantined. AxL 29, 11 Mr 


Public health and aattA^ 


4118 Fersona with contagious or Infections diseases to be isolated; 
children from household not to attend school tlli two weelis 
after recovery or removal of sick person; textbooks in such 
house to be disinfected. Id. p.451, 13 Mr 

411Q Boards of health to assist persons In quarantine. N. H. 100, 11 Mr 

4120 Vaccination. State board of health may order vaccination; 

penalty. S. C. 78, 28 F 

4121 Tulj«rculoals. Physician to report ali tuberculosis patients to 

local board of health; board to furnish to patients printed 
InstructioBS to prevent spread of disease and to disinfect prem- 
ises within five days after death. Wash. 71, 1$ Mr 

Practice of medicine and surgery 

(See alio Medical schools, 4T1: Veterinary practice 4592) 

412S a«iLeral laws. Creating state board of eclectic medical exami- 
ners. Fla. 37, 4 My 

4123 Physicians not graduates who have practised in state 15 years to 
be licensed. Fla. 86, 27 My 

4184 State board of medical examiners created; license on approval of 
diploma and examination: rules of examination; may revoke 
license; unprofessional conduct defined; licenses to be recorded 
in county; fees. Reeaacting and amending '97 p.97, unconatUa- 
tional on account ot illegalitji ot passage. Id. p.345. 3 Mr 

4125 General law regulating puactlce of medicine. Repealing '87 
p.225. III. P.2T3, 24 Ap 

4128 Revision of '97. 169 regarding state board of medicine and sur- 
gery; changes in fees, bonds, salaries. Ind. 145, 3 Mr 

4127 Creating state board of registration in medicine; 10 members; 

may be appointed from lists submitted by tbe four state medi- 
cal societies; certificates to persons already registered, holders 
of diplomas from approved colleges and those passing examina- 
tions before the board. Repealing '83. 16T; '87, 268. 

Mich. 237, 13 3e 

4128 State board of medical examiners created; licenses to graduates 

of reputable medical colleges of TJnlf*d States, to holders of 
certificates in other states who have practised five years in 
this state and to persons passing state exaraiaation; graduates 
of foreign colleges to be examined; temporary certificate good 
till next meeting; revocation for unprofessional conduct; de- 
fining term " practising medicine ". Neb. 73, 15 Mr 


Pnblic health and safet? 


4129 State [formerl; also county] medical societlee may elect board 
of censors who shall examine and license practlcioaera In medi- 
cine, surgery and mldwirery; applicants may be licensed after 
presenting diploma and taking examination. Amending Vt.3. 
S4630, 4633. Vt. 112, 22 N '98 

4180 Graduates of Canadian medical colleges required to attend one 
course of lectures and pass final esamination of a recognized 
medical college in United States. Vt. 113, 22 N '98 

4131 State board of medical examiners established; cerUflcates to 

graduates of reputable colleges; practitioners of 10 years, last 
five In Wyoming; all mldwlves to be examined. Repealing 
R-S. ch.l t.34. Wy. 18, 14 P 

4132 miacellanoous regulations. Certificate to practise medicine may 

be refused for certain causes; rules for admitting physicians of 
other states. Amending '96, 40. Del. 241, 16 Mr 

4133 State board of medical examiners to examine all applicants for 

license to practise teho have finUhed a three -year medical courst 
of study; other amendments to Code v.2 ch.34; '88, 181. 

IT. C. 83, 15 F 

4134 Unauthorized medicine men not to practise among Indians; un- 

lawful to give mescal bean to Indians. Okl. 12 art2,.ll Mr 

4185 Registration, removal or death of physicians to be reported by 
county clerks semiannually; graduates from outside state to be 
examined; Qnes to be paid to state board of medical examiners; ^ 
materia medica and practice required. Amending '89, 178. 

Tenn. 148, 6 Ap 

4136 Additional powers given to state medical examiners; registration 

of all persons practising July 1, 1897. Wis. 87, 30 Mr 

4137 Osteopathy. Graduates of osteopathy schools to be granted . 

certificates to practise; but osteopathy Is not practice of medi- 
cine within the meaning of law. B. D. 118, 6 "Mr 

4138 Graduates of Eiriisville, Mo. school of osteopathy may practise; 

diplomas filed with county clerlcB. Tana. S94, 21 Ap 


4139 Board of examiners created to examine and license dentists; 

regulations; fees. Id. p.387, 16 P 

4140 General law regulating practice of dentistry. Repealing '87, 32. 

Ind. 211, 6 Mr 

4141 Generally amending regnlationa for practice of dentistry 

(Ann.L.'87 S3339-48). Or. p.202, 20 P 

4142 Diploma from dental college not to qualify for practice; other 

amendments to '86, 496. Del. 212, 23 Mr 


Public iLealtb and Mfetr 


4143 -Temporary certificate to practise not to be renewed, extended or 

panted twice; penalty for unlawfully practising not over $500 
[formerly and not under $2S] nor over 6 monthe; any person may 
pall teeth vHtbout anesthetits, tohere no regular dentUt in place. 
Amending E.S. S831-32, Fla. 79, 3 Je 

4144 Amending '81 p. 77 regulating practice of dentistry; fines to be 

paid to Hate board of ienlal examiners [formerly common school 
fund]. ni. p. 272,24Ap 

4145 Fee for certificate of qualiflcatiou $10 [formerly $5]. Amending 

P.S,'91 ch.l34 34. N. BC 87, 11 Mr 

4146 Amending penalty for practising without license (Criminal 

Statutes '93 E261). S. C. 68, 15 F 

414? Practice of dentistry (VtS. ch. 191) amended as to notice of 

meeting of board of examlnerB, examination fee, temporary 

licenses, compensation of members of board and extracting of 

teeth by unUcensed person. Repealing Vt.S. S4646 and "96, 100. 

Vt. 114, 8 N '98 

Pharmacy'. Sale of dm^. IBet alio Local optlair, 67) 

4148 Se^alating practice. State board of pharmacy created; biennial 
registration of pbarmadfits; qualifications; esamlnatlous; un- 
lawful to conduct pharmacy unless registered pharmacist In 
charge. Ind. 108, 1 Mr 

4148 Revision of law as to apothecaries; practice of pharmacy and 
sale of drugs. Ma. 96, 16 Mr 

4160 Generally amending '85, 147; '91, 104 as to practice of pharmacy. 

lUnn. 34, 3 Mr 

41B1 Generally amending law relating to practice of pharmacy. 

Wash. 121, 14 Mr 

41B2 Members of board of registration In pharmacy shall serve sot 
over five consecutive years; not over one member to be inter- 
ested in business In same councilor iii*(ric( [formerly city or 
town] ; applicants may tie reexamined after three montha. 
Amending '06 cb.397 H- Xaaa. 422, 26 My 

41B3 Compensation of commissioners of pharmacy amended (P.S.'Ol 
ch.l35 §8). N. EC 68, 10 Mr 

41B4 Btate [formerly county] board of pharmacy to receive penalties 
paid for violation of law relating to the licensing of pharma- 
cists. Aniendlag '03 ch.661 gl90. S. Y. 304, 18 Ap 

4156 Atnending requirements for registered pharmacists ('97 ch.28 32). 

Okl. 23, 13 Mr 

4166 Pharmacists having dispensed for five years prior to act exempt 
from examination. Amending '03 ch.39 35. Team, 285, 22 My 


Public healtli and safety 


4157 IncreaelQg fees of applicants for registration as pbarmaclste; 

registration to be renewed annvaUy [formerly bleunlally]. 
Amending E.S.'SS S1719-20. U. 33, 9 Mr 

4158 Sale of drugs. Morphine, cocaine, etc. to be sold only on pLy- 

siclan's preecriptlon. Arl. 52, 16 Mr 

4158 Revision of Digest '94 S6004-8 as to sale of poisons; cocaine 
to be sold only on prescription; phosphorus and morphine must be 
labeled "poison;" penalty $25 [formerly $5] to ?100; registra- 
tion of sales repealed. Ait. 147, 8 My 
4160 Deliulng term " usual domestic remedies "; poisonous drugs to be 
sold by general stores In sealed pacltages only, labeled with 
pharmacist's registry number. Amending R.S.'SS §]409g. 

WiB. 289. 28 Ap 

Food. Drugs. Adulteration 

{Sec atao Dairy products, 46&7) 

4181 General, (Jeueral law relntive to food adulterations and imlta- 
Iuiuk; iilhce 6f state food commissioner created. 

111. P.36S, 24 Ap 

4162 General pure food and drugs law; state board of health to en- 

force; state health officer to be state inspector. lad. 121, 28 F 

4163 Food commlHsion created; governor made commissioner; may ap- 

point deputy food 'commissioner; to test butter, clieese, milk, 
cider, vinegar, etc.; manufacturers and wholesalers to report 
monthly; license fees. N«b. 35, 3 Ap 

4164 Generally amending '95, 122 to prevent adulteration and mis- 

brandlQg of foods; examination by board of agriculture. 

N. C. 86, 13 F; 369. 3 Mr 

4166 Analyses to be made of food products on sale In state, or kept 

for export, suspected of being adulterated. Amending '95 

ch.235 §4. 5. Ct 22. 23 Mr 

4166 Penalty for food adulteration SS5 [formerly JIOO] to ?500 or not 

over 90 [formerly 30 to 90] days or both. Amending '93 ch.l93 
£19. Mich. 117. 16 Je 

4167 Unlawful to obstruct dairy and food commissioner, deputy or 

inspectors, or to refuse to sell aampiea for analysis. 

Ulch. l&T. 23 Je 

4168 Prosecuting attorney to render all legal assistance in liis power 

[formerly prosecute to completion] aaita brought by dairy and 
: food commissioner. Amending '97. 154. Ulch. 268. 23 Je 

4169 Use of certain chemicals In food preparations unlawful. 

Ko. p.170, 11 My 


Public health and BMfMj 


4170 State board of health to cause to be analyzed samples of coloring 

matter designed for use in food products; manufacture, sale or 
use of poisonous coloring matter forbidden. Amending '9S 
ch.388 art2. N. Y. 518, 4 My 

4171 Dairy and food commissioner to be elected by electors [formerly 

by leglalaturej for four [formerly two] years; food adulteration 
law amended. '93 p.99. Or, p.46, 16 F 

4172 Adultetated food to be labeled so as to Indicate adulteration. 

S. D. 89. 28- F 

4173 Duties of dairy and foo5 commiSBloner amended (R,S.'98 §2447>- 

V. 41, Sir 

4174 Defining adulteration of food; dealers to fnmisb samples for 

analysis on tender of payment by aay person; state dairy and 
food commissioner; extra compensation $300. 

Wash. 113, 13 Mr 

4175 Oaudy. Adulterated candy not to be made or sold. 

Del. 267, 9 Mr; Id. p.398, 16 F; Ind. 15C. 3 Mr; N. H. 26, 1 Mr 
Or. p.45. 10 F 

4176 Amending Pen.C.'95 1702 relating to adulteration of candy. 

Hon. p.151, 22 F 

4177 Beer. Wine. Creating office of inBi>ector of beer and malt 

liquors; appointed by governor for four years witli consent of . 

senate; salary; fees to be paid into state treasury; regulations. 

Ho. p.228, 4 My 

4178 Regulating sale of domestic wine; goyernor to appoint inspector. 

Ark. SO, 29 Mr 

4179 Vinegar. Preventing adulteration of vinegar and regulating Its 

sale. ' Id. P.3S8, 9 Mr . 

4180 Amending regulations concerning sale of vinegar (B,S,'08 §4284- 

85). , 1J. 63, 9 Mr 

4181 UlscellaneouA. Weight of flour and meal to be put on bag or 

package. Del. 270, 23 F 

4182 Misdemeanor to sell injurious baking l>owder; Ingredients to be 

labeled on package. Amending '88, 7. Iffinn. 245, IS Ap 

4183 Inspection to prevent sbipmest and sale of unripe watermelons 

abolished. Repealing "SS p.lSS. Ho. p.232, 22 Ap 

4184 Unlawful to sell adulterated natural fruit juices as pure juices. 

N. T. 343, 17 Ap 

4185 Unlawful to use part of unhealthy animal lu preparation of food, 

or to expose for sale; use for other punwses must be licensed 

by state board of health. Wim. 176, 11 Ap 

~4186 Fee for beef Inspection to be paid by person killing; penalty. 

Amending '91, 39. Fla. 87, 3 Je 

4187 Boards of health to regulate sale of horse flesh for food. 

XT. J. 197, 24 Mr 


Public health and safety 


Public safety 
Explosive substances 

4188 Railroad commissioners to make regulatlonB for transportation of 

expiosives; Dotlce. Ct. 8, 15 Mr 

4189 Illuminating oils. daata. Governor to appoint inspector of 

petroleum oil; deputies; duties; fees. Ool. 121, 14 Ap 

4190 Office of state inspector of oils created; appointed by governor 

for tei-m of two years; deputies; tests prescribed; adultera- 
tion proliibited; fees; montlilr reports to auditor. 

Kan. 170, 6 Mr 

4191 Revision of law as to inspection of iliuminatiug oils. 

Uich. 2G. 30 Mr 

4192 Penalty for not. labeling gasoline, benzin or naphtba $lbo or S 

fitontM or both; size of lettert; state oil inspector to enforce. 
Amending '89, 146. TSich. 181, 12 Ap 

4193 Unlawful to adulterate lierosene; or to sell or use illuminating 

oil giving off combustible vapor under 120° F, unless in reser- 
voirs outside building or in brass 18 iuchea from flame. 

Uich. 241, 15 Je 

4194 Revision of law as to inspeotiou of oils. Teon. 349, 21 Ap 

4195 Petroleum inspector In cities of 300,000 to retain no more tlian 

57000 fees; surplus, if any, to go to state treasury. Amending 
R.S.'89 §5575. Mo. p.231, 19 My 

4196 Amending the standard of petroleum oil and gasoline and tbe 

regulations concerning their sale and iuspection (C.L.'97 
12640-41, 2644). N. M. 12, 16 P 

4197 Compensation of state oil inspector $2500 [formerly fees]; depu- 

ties to be paid by him; five ports of entry. N. D. 117, 8 Mr 

4198 Amending '95, 36 relating to manner of testing oils, etc. 

Okl. 21, 8 Mr 

4199 Oil Inspection fees to be paid to state treasurer quarterly; inspectors 

in cities to have salari/ in proportion to population [formerly 
fees]. Amending '77, 68. Tenn. 13, 23 Mr 

4200 Persons having oil iaspected shall report quarterly to controller 

of the treasury guantltiea, fees paid, dates and names of inspec- 
tors; 10c a hundred words In report; misdemeanor to neglect. 
Tenn. 282, 22 Ap 
Boilers. Engines 

4201 Boileir inspection. En^eers. Repealing '83 p.40 creating office 

of state boiler inspector and providing for examination of en- 
gineers. Xd. p.180, 9 F 
4203 General law as to licensing of engineers and firemen. 

Xaaa, 368, 12 My 


Public iLMlth and wMCf, 


4S03 In cities of over 1,000,000, bollet Inspector la to examine and 
license engineers; regulations; exceptions. Pa. 50, 18 Ap 

4204 Stationary steam boilers to be provided with low water alarm, 
on order of chief factory inspector. Uich, 209, 26 My 

420fi Seven [formerly flve] boiler Inspecton; heating plants in reHdeneea 
excepted from act. Amending '89, 25S. Uinn. Bt, 22 Mr 

4206 Steamboats. VmmIb. Inspection of electric, naphtha, gasoline or 

steamboats used for carrying passengers or freight. Amending 
P.S.'91 cb,119. K. H. 56. 9 Mr 

Buildings. Fire protection. (Bee also PIrs depsrtmfliit, 2966: Factoi? Idsiwc- 
tlOD, 840) 

4207 Arcliitects. Minor amendments to '97 p.81 prescribing organiza- 

tion of state board of examiners of arcbltects. 

111. P.7S, 19 Ap 

4208 SuUdinga. Injapectlon. City building Inspection law applicable 

to towns. Amending '94 cb.481 £14. Uass. 139, 11 Mr 

4S09 Inspector of buildings of city may be appointed for term of not 
more than tioo (formerly one] years. Amending '86 cb.21(t |4. 
N. J. 11, 8 Mr 
4210 Bureau of building inspection created; general law regulating 
constmctton and inspection of buildings In cities of 1,009,000. 
Pa. 123, 5 My 
4S11 Fire protection. . Escapee. State insurance commissioner fn 
city of Raleigh and fire chiefs and aldermen in other cities 
.and towns to Investigate origin of fires; local officers to report 
to state commissioner and he may investigate; state commis- 
sioner and local officers may inspect buildings and order re- 
moval of combustible material or Inflammable conditions. 

N. C. 58, 9 Mr 
4212 Cities of 300 to 500 may establish fire limits wtien authorized by 
two-thirds majority. Wash. 103, 13 Mr 

4813 School buildings two stories or over to have Are eieapes. 

Oal. 45, 2 Mr 
4214 Hotels over two stories to bave fire escape for every room; an- 
nual inspection by chief engineer of fire department 

Fla. 90, 2 Je 
4815 General law relating to fire escapes. Repealing '97 p.222. 

ni. p.220, 21 Ap 
4216 Fire escape regulations; to be enforced by the chief of the de- 
partment of Inspection of the state. lad. 207, 6 Mr 
4817 Fire escapes to be provided for certain buildings; commissioner 
of labor to serve notice on delinquent owners and to supervise 
constmctlfin of fire escapes. Repealing C.S.'97 E3293-96. 

ir«b. 34, 3 Ap 


Public bealth and safety 


4218 Additional fire eBcapes to be used In buildings tbree or more 
stories In bight and accommodating 30 or more persons; In- 
spector. N. J. 162, 24 Mr 

49219 Rope fire escapes to be provided In all hotels over two stories; 
Iron stairs If over three stories. Tenn. 178, 25 Mr 

42S0 B«eiiactlng law as to fire escapes (R.8.'»S S1636e) [the second of 
two sections erroneously numbered aiike]. Wis. 351, 4 My 

4221 Fire breaks. Townships In counties of less than 6000 may 

maintain Bre guards to prevent spretid of prairie fires; over- 
seer to plow the strips; poll tax may be paid In work on fire 
guards. X&n. 99, 4 Mr 

4222 County commissioners, on petition of one tenth of voters, shall 

levy tax of 5 mlUa for fire break fund; flre wardens to be 
paid not over ?3 a day. Amending '91, 98. IT. D. 122, 34 F 

4223 Forest fires. Act relative to fire wardens. 

Pa. 14, 22 Mr; Wla. 353. 4 My 
Electricians. Wires 

4224 State board of electricity created; all electricians In- counties of 

125,000 to be registered; qnal locations; interstate telegraph 
and telephone employees exempt Minn. 312, 20 Ap 

4225 Tags or marks designating owner not required on street railway 

wires except feed Kirea attached to pole* carrying wires of other 
company. Amending '90 cb.404 32. VUsb. 320, 29 Ap 

4226 Regulating use of wires over streets and buildings; towns may 

appoint Inspectors. JOnsa. S31, 4 My 

422T Repealing '63 p. 63 authorizing any city, town or village to 
protect Its site from inundation. _ HI. p.l02, 24 Ap 

4228 Superior court has Jurisdiction In equity to prevent unlawful 

blasting. Hass. 242, 10 Ap 

4229 Persons cutting ice shall put up signals and barricades; harbor 

maaiers, supervisors or assessors shaU enforce. Amending C.L. 
811,525-26. Mich. 221, 1 Je 

4230 Protecting the life saving appliances of humane assoclaUons, 

K. Y. 327, 17 Ap 

4231 Unlawful, without consent of magistrate, to sell or give an air- 

gun or spring-gun to person under 12. Amending Pen.C. S409. 
m. T. 603, 16 My 

4232 Unused coal mines and dry wells to be filled up or securely cov- 

ered; township overseers to cause same to be done after 30 
days notice to owner. IT, D. 43, 8 Mr 


Trades. Industries. Ifflnlny 


Trade. Industries. Mining 

{See also TrusU and comblnattouB, 1041} 

Domestic trade. Weights and measures 

i.6ee alio CorporBtidns, 8BD: BnalneBa Uxee. 1411: NesotLabla iDBtrumeaU, Iffll) 

4233 Exchangee. Boards of trade. Anthorlzing Incorporation of 
cotton excbaages, cbambere of commerce and boards of trade. 
Amending R.S/95 -art642. Tex. 43, 4 Ap 

4284 Dealing In futures prohibited. Kan. 77, i Mr 

4235 Commerc«. Amending powers of commission appointed to In- 

quire into conditloii of commerce of New York city ('98 ch.644 
§1). N. Y. 4M, 3 My 

"Warehouses. , Commission me7ctaBii.tB 

4236 Warehouses. Storage of goods. Regulating storage of grain, 

flour, wool, etc; receipts; mixing grades forbidden without 
consent. '90-91 p.l2 reenacted to correct illegality in passage. 

Id. 7, 2 P 

4237 General public warehouse law; office of chief Inspector of grain 

created; warehouses to be licensed; board of commlsslonere 
created to consist of territorial secretary, auditor and attorney 
general; duties. Okl. 27, 10 Mr 

4238 At places for storing and weighing cotton for pay, a record must 

be kept of the cotton and the person for whom weiglied. 

Ala. p.99, 21 F 

4239 Kaiiroad aud warehouse commissioners to be chosen by people 

[formerly governor]; term four [formerly three] years. Amend- 
ing '87 eh.lO 89. Minn. 39, 6 Mr 

4240 Reenactlng '89 cb.l92 US forbidding warehouse men and their 

deputies who are inspectors to deal In tobacco. 

Tran. 225, 13 Ap 

4241 Warehouse receipts issued by owner to bimself on goods stored 

have same force as those issued to others. Amending R.S.'dS 
84425. Wis. 146, 10 Ap 

4242 General act regulating issue of warehouse certificates. 

Wis. 251, 26 Ap 

4243 Regulating sale of unclaimed baggage in warehouses, stations, 

hotels, boarding houses, etc. Arl. 47, 16 Mr 

4244 All claimants to property held by public warehouse m«n and 

other depositories may be made defendants; holder may retain 
property till final Judgment. Mass. 352, 9 My 

4245 drain warehouses and inspection. Creating board of appeals 

for grain Inspection. Minn. 199, 13 Ap 


Trades. InduatriM. Mining 


4246 Grist milts escept those doing custom or exchange business are 

public warehouses. Amending R.C.'95 S1786. 

N. D. 126, 21 F 

4247 Stock yards. Ton of hay sold by stock yard companies must be 

2000 pounds; bushel of corn la ear, 70 pounds, and bushel of 
shelled corn, 56 pounds; price must not be more than twice the 
K/holesale [formerly retail] price. Ean. 36, 6 Ja 

4248 Oommlsalon merdtanta. Licensing an^ regulating commission 

merchants; creating state board of inspectors of commission 
merchants. 111. p.364, 24 Ap 

4249 Commission men and brokers to be licensed and give $5000 bond. 

Mich. 251, 15 Je 
4S50 Begulatlng commission merchants; licenses; bonds for consig- 
nors' benefit, amount to be fixed by railroad and warehouse 
commission. Minn. 225, 14 Ap 

4251 Fixing commissions and charges for selling leaf tobacco on the 

floor of warehouses. S. C 63, 2 Mr 

4252 Commission merchant selling tenant's crop to pay debt to him- 

self is liable as purchaser to person entitled to the rent 

Tenn. 22, 24 F 
Weights and meaaures 

4253 General. Person who, without previous agreement, requires 

more pounds for a bushel than Is prescribed by law guilty of 
misdemeanor. N. Y. 515, 4 My 

4254 Sealers. Public scales. State secretary to be ex officio state 

sealer of weights and measures; county auditor to be county 
sealer of weights and measures; testing; fees; weight of stand- 
ard bushel. '90-9/ p.SOi reenacted to correct illegality in passage. 
Id. p.142, 9 P 

4265 Bevislon of laws relating to sealers. M«. 58, 11 Mr 

4266 Generally amending law relating to public weighers (R.S.'95 t.90). 

Tei. 155, 27 My 

4267 Amending 85,144; '91, 99 relating to state weighmasters of 

grain; certificates of weighmaster to be conclusive evidence. 
Minn. 130, '93. Partly void. In so far aa the act seeks ta 
make such certificates of weight conclusive It deprives a per- 
son of his day in court to vindicate his rights. Vega S. S. Co. 
1!. Consolidated elevator co. 77 N. W. 973. 

4258 Amending appointment of public weighers (G.L. ch,ie7 g21-22). 

B. I. 611. 24. F 

4259 Sealing of weights and measures amended (G.L. ch.l67 812, 16). 

B. I. 615, 28 P 

4260 State, city and town sealers to be special constables. Amending 

G.L. ch.167. B. L 669. 24 My 


Trades. ladOBtriee. M'<"**t 


4261 Special conuaoditiea. Fee for weighing cotton in citleB or towns 

10c a bale, except October to January 5c. Ark. 83, 29 Mr 

4262 Providing penalty for violation of '95 cb.321 S6 relating to 

weight of bnshel of grain, etc. Ct. 149, IJe 

4263 Fixing dimensions of bnshel tub Cor measuring oysters. 

Del. 248, 23 P 

4264 Beets for shipment to "sugar manufactory may by agreement be 

weighed at station o£ shipment by person appointed by com- 
missioner of agriculture. Amending "97 ch.500 §75. 

W. Y. 101. 17 Mr 

4265 Clxing dlmensionB of standard barrel of apples; barrel of pota- 

toes to be 174 [formerly 172] pounds. Amending '96 ch.3T6 S9. 
N. Y. 317. 17 Ap 

4266 Fixing size of qnart, pint and half-pint packages for measuring 

small fruits; smaller packages to be marked short. 

N. Y. 509, 3 My 

4267 Wheat to be measured only in standard lialf-bushel stroked with 

square straight stick; custom mills exchanging flour for wheat 
excepted. T«nn. 283, 22 Ap 

4268 Cord of hemlock bark weighs 2240 pounds. Amending R.S.'98 

11665, Wis. 282. 27 Ap 

Trade marks, Union labels 

4269 Protecting corporations and associations of worklngmen in the 

right to exclusive use of trade marks, labels, etc.; to be filed 
with secretary of territory. Ari. 19, 6 Mr 

4270 Forbidding' use of counterfeit trade marks, labels, etc.; marks 

may tie filed with secretary of state; regulations; penalties. 

Col. 154, 10 Ap 

4271 Protecting tabor organizations in the exclusive use of their seals 

and labels; labels may be filed. Del. 266, 8 Mr 

4272 Trade marks, labels, etc. may be recorded with secretary of state; 

counterfeiting or unauthorized use of labels and marks forbid- 
den; penalty. '97 p. 123 reenacled to correct illegality in passage. 
Id. p.316, 18 P 
4873 General law for regulation and protection of trade marks. 

Vt. 158, 22 N '98 

4274 Trade marks and union labels filed with secretary of stAte; pro- 

tection of owners' rights. Wy. 5, 7 F 

4275 Misdemeanor to obliterate trade mark. Cal. 71, 9 Mr 

4276 Misdemeanor to sell package bearing anotli^r's trademark, or to 

refill, without consent. Cal. 87, 14 Mr 

4277 Unlawful to counterfeit trade marks, labels, trade names or forms 

of advertisement, or to use such imitations, or display genuine 
marks without authorization. Oa. p.108, 20 D '98 


n«dM. IndustiieB. Hintug 


4278 ItllDor ameadmeDt to '91 p.202 protectlog labels aod trade marba 
of worklngtnen'8 nnlqae. 111. p.367, 22 Ap 

42T8 Court may issue warrants to search for counterfeit trade marliB, 
dies or plates or fraudulently stamped goods. Amending P.S. 
cli.212 S2. Firm or cor^poration may adopt trade marl^; misde- - 
meaner to sell or possess counterfeit or plates or dies of trade 
mark. Amending '85, 4G2. * TB&aa. 359, 11 My 

4280 Amending P.C.'95 S31G1-62 relating to recording of trade 

marlfs; secretary of gtate [formerly general recorder of marks 
and brands] to Iteep record. Mon. p. 103, 25 F 

4281 Trade mark law (Ann.L:'87 §18(M) amended so as to include use 

of empty or second hand packages with intent to deceive. 

Or. p.94, 17 F 

4282 Bottles, barrels, etc. Trade marks and devices for*use ou bot- 

tles, sipbons and boxes to be filed with clerk of superior court 
and state secretary; penalty for unlawful use; search warrant; 
presumptive evidence. Repealing '95, 93. Ct. 201, 20 Je 

4283 Makers and venders of mineral waters, beer, ale, etc. In bottles 

to be protected ia exclusive nee of branda and marks; registry. 
Del. 268, 26 Ja 

4284 To protect manufacturers, bottlers and dealers in ale, porter, 

lager beer, soda, mineral water' and other beverages from loss 
of'casks, bottles, boxes, etc.; mark or stamp may be filed with 
secretary of state; owner may secure search warrant. 111. 
K.S. cli.140, '74. UnmnsHttiUimiU. Special legislation in that it - 
does not apply to all persons dealing Iti products requiring 
casks, bottles, boxes, etc. and it allows an unreasonable search 
in that it substitutes mere belief of affiant for discretion of 
magistrate in securing of search warrant. Lippman v. People, 
175, III. 101. 

4285 Owners of cans, bottles and other vessels used in trade may rec- 

ord brand or mark; unlawful for others to use marked vessels; 
search warrant. Repealing G.L. ch.l64. B. I. 627, 3 Mr 

4286 Taking deposit on bottles or kegs not deemed a sale. Amending 

'95, 144. Minn, 306, 20 Ap 

Legal holidays 

4287 Certain days declared legal holidays. N. H. 11, 15 F 

4288 Legal holidays to be January 1, Febrnary 22, July 4, May 30, 

December 25, labor day, national or state election days, all 
days recommended by governor or president of United States; 
if falling on Sunday, next day to be observed; when time for 
. any official act falls on holiday next secular day shall be 
intended. W. Va, 13, 21 F 

fe^ Google 

TradM.' Industries. XliiiKK 


4289 January 1, December 25 and February 12 declared public boll- 

daya. Amending G.S. ST9S7. Kinn. 166, 11 Ap 

4290 Saturday afternoon a legal holiday. Amending '88, 63. 

Xenn. 162, 24 Ap 

4291 New Years day to be legal holiday. Amending '96, 334. 

B. I. ^12, 24 F 

4292 Labor da^. Making the first Thursday In September legal holi- 

day. Amending Code S3784. N. C. 410, 6 Mr 

4293 First Monday in September made legal holiday. 

Vt 51, 26 N "OS 
Hlscwllaneoua ^ 

4294 Trading stamps. Trading stamps prohibited. 

N. H. 60, 9 Mr; B. I. 652, 3 My; Vt. 123, 15 N '98 

4295 Trading stamp companies to pay $500 privilege tax In each 

county; firms using, $250. Amending '97, 2. 

TBnn. 27, 3 Mr; 207, 7 Ap 

4296 Slot machines. Slot macbiaes prohibited. 

N. Y. ffi5. 25 My; Or. p.250, 24 F 

4297 Transient merchants. Bankrupt stocks. Unlawful to traffic in 

anything, except at regular place of business, within one mile 

of religious assemblage, fair, picnic, or CGmeterv during Memorial 

day exercises. Amending R.S.'94 S2196. Ind. 79, 24 F 

429S Amending licensing of transient retail merchants ('89, 82; '93, 31). 

Pa. 106, 2 My 

4299 Anctione«rs. Brokers. Auctioneers to pay license of $Z0 a year 

or $5 a month [formerly $10 a month]. Amending R.S.'87 
61642. Id. p,377, 28 F 

4300 Auctioneer's license to be signed by city or totcn clerk (formerly 

aldermen or selectmen]. Amending P.S. ch.67 61. 

SEass. 235, 1 Ap 

4301 Hawkers and peddlars. License fee increased; other amend- 

ment to '93, 83. Ari. 12, 24 P 

4302 When license of itinerant vendor Is lost deposit may be repaid 

on proof of such loss. Amending '97, 152. Ct. 85, 27 Ap 

4303 Book agents must procure license; peddlers of pianos, organs, 

wagons and sleighs exempt; dealers paying $25 tas on stoclc 
may peddle In own town without license. Amending '89, 298. 

Ue. 26, 1 Mr; 129, 17 Mr 

4304 Any person may sell ice from town to town. Amending P.S, 

cb:68 SI. Uass. 260, 10 Ap 

4305 Itinerant Jobbers to have licenses in all townships, villages or 

cities not having ordinance. Mich. 259, 23 Je 


TradM. ZndiutrlM. Hinlng 


4306 Itinerant trading defined; unlawful without license wberever 

same Is required; couDty com miss toners and cltj coudcIIb may 
require licenses. Nev, 89, 14 Mr 

4307 Town board may not prohibit peddling of di? goods, drugs or 

articles of food without a license, where all sales are wholly 
or partly by barter. Amending '98 ch.538 S184, 

S". T. 314, 13 Ap 

4308 Peddler's license fee $25 to travel oh foot, $100 vHlh one florae, $15Q 

tKO or viore horses [formerly uniformly $50]; application in 
writing; county auditor to keep record. N. D, 118, 24 F. On- 
ooHStitutional. Does not state purpose of tas, nor to what the 
revenue is to be applied. State v. Klectzen, 78 N. W. 884. 

4309 Peddlers of clocks, farm Implements, cooking stoves, vebicles, 

wasliing machines and churns to pay annual tas of £250 In each 
county where occupation Is pursued; other peddlers $5 to {10 
a year. Tex. 118, 12 My 

4310 Peraon going from town lo town carrying to sell goods " which are 

the manufacture of this state" is a peddler; license: regula- 
tions. Vt. 8. cb.l98 '94. [7n constitutional. Imposes a discrimi- 
nating tax on goods made in the state and in favor of foreign 
gpods; denies equal protection of the laws. State i>. Hoyt. 42 A. 

4311 Peddler must show license at request of treasury agent, sheriff, 

pollcemau, marshal, constable or peace offieer; faUure is prima facie 
eiMence that no license haH been obtained. Amending R.S.'88 
81570. Wia. 52, 23 Mr 

4312 Correcting error in R.S.'98 §1570 as to refusal to show license. 

■Wla. 351. 4 My 

4313 Pawnbrokers. Junk and second hand dealers.. Corporations 

may be formed to conduct pawnshops In cities of 250,000; gov- 
ernor and mayor shall each appoint one director; charges and 
regulations. HI. pa20, 29 Mr 

4314 Dealers in second hand bicycles. Junk, old metals, etc. to be 

licensed; weekly statement Repealing G.L.'88 S183: '93, 101. 
Ct. 109, 11 My 

4315 Pawnbrokers to pay license; pawnbrokers, second hand and Junk 

dealers to report dally to chief of police; regulations. 

Neb. 10, 3 Ap 

4318 Keepers of Junk shops and second hand dealers in cities to keep 

record of purchases in English; police and detectives to have 

access to books. Pa. 36, 11 Ap 

4317 Unlawful to boy or receive Junk, rope, iron, brass, etc. from ■ 

minors and unknown parties. Pa. 143, 5 My 

4318 Junk dealer to purchase nothing but rags from minor under 18 

without parent's written consent. Wla. 41, 23 Mr 


Irad^. Indufitriee. 


4319 Xdcanses. Lod^ng house keepers to be licensed. Ct. 125, 31 My 

4320 Bequiring gypsies to pay license fee under penalty of forteltute 

of property. Del. 167, 16 Mr 

4321 Minor amendment to '95, 101 regarding sale of pork and beef 

witbout Uceuse. Ner. 19, 28 F 

4322 Dealers in long cotton, known as sea Island cotton. In tbe seed, 

to pay license of $50. S. C. 62, 28 F 

4323 Ulscellaneo'as r^ulnttons. ElenaKy for buying seed cotton be- 

tween sunset and sunrise not oyer $500 or not over one year. 
Amending R.S. I2T07. Fla. 76, 22 My 

4324 Problbitlng publication of lists of debtors; does not apply to 
- fiduciaries and public officers. ' U«. 112, 17 Mr 

4326 Misdemeanor for debt collector to wear unusual or strilvlng cos- 
tume. lEass. 238, 6 Ap 

4326 Unlawful to sell adulterated linseed oil; packages to be labeled. 

Mich. 208, 25 My 

■4387 Misdemeanor to make untrue statements In advertisement of mer- 
chandise. Mich. 245, 15 Je 

4328 Regulating sale of white lead and mixed paints, to prevent adul- 
* teration: food and dairy commissioner to enforce. 

Minn. 244, IS Ap 

4329 Territorial commerce commission created; wholesale and retail 

licenses for sale of coal oil required; commission to establish 
maximum and minimum price. IT. M. 50, 15 Mr 

4330 Cotton bales weighing 300 pounds or over made merchantable. 

S. C. 61, 15 P 

4331 Unlawful for news agencies to discriminate against newspapers, 

or for employee to aid in business of agency refusing to supply. 
Tenn. 286, 19 Ap 

4332 Unlawful to carry on business of borse trading on highways 

within one mile of fair or religious meeting; fine not over $50. 
Amending Code '91 ch.l49 §22a. W. Va. 61, 25 My 

""vsn * Arts. Industries 

4333 Exposition corporatloiiB. Articles of association of exposition 

corporations shall state amount of »tock auttscrllted at date,not lesi 
than 10%; total stock need not be taken 6j/ original corporators; 
capital may he increased or diminished. Amending C.L, §6948. 

Ulch. 1, 24 Ja 

4334 General law for incorporation of world's fairs and centennial 

expositions. Mo. p.130, 12 Ap 


Tradfts. Industiiee. Ulning 


4335 Paris exposition. Parle expoeltlon commiseloa created. 

Cal. 108,20Mr;CoM22. 12Ap;Id.p.32», 15F;ZU.p.SH0. 12Ap: 
Not. 46, 9 Mr; S. H. 142, 11 Mr; N. C. 447, 6 Mr; 694, 8 Mr; 
Or. p. 1131, 18 F; Wy. 82. 21 P 

4336. Appropriating $50,000 additional. Uaaa. pJi87. 25 My 

4337 MakiDg appropciatlon for espeneeB of commission represe&ting 

the state. Amending '98 ch.lt6. N. Y. 553, 9 My 

4338 OMo c«iiteiiaial. Commission for Oblo centennial and Nortb- 

west territory exposition created. 

m. p. 37, 12 Ap: Ind. 48, IT F; Hich. 14&, 23 Je; Wis. 2(e, IS Ap 

4338 IiouiaUna pnrchase ceiiteaiilal. Submitting constitutional 

amendment; St Louis ma; issue bonds for $5,000,<KM) to aid 

centennial; conditions. Vote November 1900. Ho. p. 381 

4340 Submitting constitutional amendmeiit to auttiorlze appropriation 

from sinking fund for state exhibit at centennial. Vole Novem- 
ber 1900. Mo. p.385 

4341 Fan-American exposition. Governor to appoint board of gen> 

eral managers of state exhibit; appropriating $300,000 for 
building and exhibit N. Y. 36, I.Mr 

4342 Creating exposition commission. 

Hass. p.584, 23 My; Wia. 318, 2 My 

4343 Exeiaption. Tanning and tanning extract factories exempted 

from taxation for six years. N. U. 15, 16 F 

4344 Cotton manufactories. exempt from taxation for 10 years from 

date of establishment. Okl. 18, 10 Mr 

4345 I.lnseed oU. Linseed oil to answer tests of United States phar- 

macopeia; boiled oil must have been put to 225° F.; name of 
oil and name and address of manufacturer to be stamped on 
vessel; commissioner of agriculture to enforce law; empowered 
to ent«r buildings and inspect. IT, D. 106, 9 Mr 

4346 Regulating manufacture and sale of linseed oil, to prevent adul- 

teration or deception. WU. 234, 20 Ap 

4347 Oold and silver ware. Penalty for deception la 'tfrtMes made 

Id whole or in part of gold or silver or In ImltattOtt hereof. 

111. p.138, 21 Ap 

4348 Wlteat and com products. Manufactured products of wheat 

and corn to have name and net weight stamped In letters two 
Inches long on every package. Tex. 167, 5 Je 

4349 Mills. Minor amendment to B.8.'89 §7026 fixing rates of toll for 

mills and millers. Ho. p.302, 21 Mr 

4350 Repealing R.S.'89 !7033 providing that when public mill la 

changed to private mill certain privileges are forfeited. 

Ho. P.30S, 17 My 


Trades. Industries. Tw<Ti<*iff 


4351 BarBeshoelng. CreatlDg Btate board of horseshoers' examlnerB; 

registration required Id all cities of 10,000; certificates to all 
practising at time act takes effect. TSicti. 229, S Je 

4352 Horsesboers to be examined and registered for practice in alt 

cities [formerly clUea of 50,000]. Amending '97 ch.4I5 |1S0- 
84. N. T. 558. 10 My 

4353 Creating boards of horseshoers' -examiners In cities of 20,000; 

reglstratlou and examlnatious. Wash. 77, 13 Mr 

4364 Accountants. Establlsblng board of examluatioD of account- 

auts; regulations; only bolders of certificates to be certified 

public accountants. Fa. 17, 29 Mr 

Mines and mining 

4365 Generally amending '95, 03 relating^ to bureau of mines and 
duties of commlaBloner. Col. 119, 10 Ap 

4356 Increasing powers of state inspector; to collect iDformattou 

relative to mineral resources of state; mloes to report annually; 
may appoint deputies; accidents to be Invesrtlgated. Amending 
'93 p.l52. '95 p.160 reenaeted to correct illegality in passage. 

Id. p.221, 14 P - 

4357 General revision of laws. 111. p.BOO, 18 Ap 

4358 Creating bureau of mines, mining and mine Inspection; governor 

to appoint two Inspectors. Amending '93 p.209. 

Mo. p.307, 28 Ap 

Location. Ores. Property rights. (.Bee alto Llena, lEM; Bminent domain, ItU; 

Irrigation and Tatar rlsbts, 44T1) 

43S0 Ulning claims. Generally amending '96, 42 relating to locating 

claims. Arl. 14, 2 Mr 

43fl0 Bepeallog law relating to location of claims, '97. 159, 

OaL 113, 20 Mr 
4361 Mining law (B.S.'87 $3100-22) amended as to manner of loca- 
ting claims and boundaries, and as to location certificates, 
abandoned claims and aasessqient work. '95 p.2S reenaeted to 
correct illegality in passage. Id. p.237, 14 F 

Minor amendment. Id. p.440, 13 Mr 

4363 Location and recording of claims. Or. p.l6, 14 O '98 

4363 Mining claims. Khethfr guartz or placer, to be deemM real estate. 

Amending '98 p.l6. Or. p.62, 17 F 

4364 Amending R.S.'98 S1495-1606, «S37, 090 relating to locating and 

recording quartz and placer claims. V. 14, 3 Mr 

4365 Bepealing B. S.'9S £1499 requiring $50 wortb of work to be done 

on claim wltbln 90 days from filing location notice. 
I ' I U. 15, 3 Mt 


TrsdM. IndustxiM. Hlning 


4396 Regulating m&DDer of lot^atlag lode and placer claims. 

Wash. 46, 8 Mr 
4367 Mining claim notices to be recorded with ex officio recorders 

of counties where eltuated; recorders of local districts to turn 

OTCt records. Ark. 63, 18 Mr 

4868 Repealing G.C.P.'QS {4&1 limiting time within which action for 

recoverf i>f claims must be begun. Umi. p.l36, 7 Ur 

436& Amending manner of locating and recording lode and placer 

claims, milt sites and tunnel rights ('S7, 89). 

Nm. 77, 14 Mr 

4370 Claims to be marked bj four [formerly eight] posts. Amending 

C.L.W S2299; repealing 12306-10. 2288. N. M. 57, 16 Mr 

4371 Secretary of state to collect fee of $1 for registering notice of 

claim. Amending '92 ch.683 826. N. Y. 197, 1 Ap 

4372 Amending contents of location certificate to be filed by discoverer 

of lode {Ann.S.'9& §2658). S. D. 113, 6 Mr 

4373 Amending width of lode claim and amount of work to be done 

before filing location certificate (Ann.S.'99 S2657, 2660, 2662). 

S. D. 115, 23 F 

4374 Property rights. Contracts. Amending B.S.'87 {3131-34, 

3140-11 as to obtaining rights of way and easements for devel- 
opment of mines. Id. p. 360, 9 Mr 

4376 Contracts relating to prospecting or mining, when recorded to 

be constructive notice of matters contained in such contract 

Id. p'.366. 7 Mr 

4376 Regulating tunnels through mining claims belonging to' other 

persons. Id. p.442, 15 Mr 

' 4377 Mining corporations may dispose of or mortgage their property; 

protecting dissenting stockholders. Hon. p. 113, 2S F 

4376 Ores. AnalyslB. Fixing fees to be charged for assays by state 
university; fee of coanty recorder for recording notice of loca- 
ting mining claim to be $1.60. Axi. 16, 3 Mr 

4379 Repealing '87, 100 creating commission to award prizes for 

methods of reducing ores. Nev. 106, 20 Mr 

Hiners. Inspection. Safety. (See ai^o Lieaa. 1599) 

4380 Inspection. lUgulatlon. State association of miners created; 

secretary to succeed to powers and duties of state mine In- 
spector; report. Xan. 33, 6 Ja 

4381 Inspectors to be appointed by governor loith consent of senate. 

Amending '93 p.209. Mo. p.306, 18 My 

'4382 Salary of state Inspector to be tlSOO [formerly $1000]. Amend- 
ing Ano.S.'&9 gl27. & S. 112, 4 P 


Trades. Industries. 


43S3 Duties of luspeetora slightly amended (B.S.'SB 370T2). 

Mo. p,307. 17 My 
4384 Hospitals. EetabllshlDg three luioers' hospitals. 

W. Va 57, 25 P 

. 4386 Repealing '90-01 ch.81 E3-11 vesting In trustees control of state 

hospital for disabled miners. Wy. 15, 11 F 

4386 Hours. Wages. Eight hours to be a day's work except In emer- 

gency, IQ mines, smelters and reduction works. 

Col. 103. 16 Mr 

4387 In mines at depth of 200 feet or more, otber than coal mines, 

eight hours to be a day's work. Ho. p.312, 11 My 

4388 Owners of mining claims wishing to employ laborers must first 

post copies of mortgages. S. D. 114, 23 F 

4389 Special Tegulatlous. Establishing standards and tests for miners 

oil. Ind. 144, 3 Mr 

4390 No blasting In mines during working hours; innermost shots to 

be fired first; depth of bole foi:^ blast in coal mine; not over 
eight pounds of powder. Xnd. 167, 4 Mr 

4891 Mine operators to allow miners to come to the surface to eat. 

Mo. p.309. 8 My 

4392 A man shall be placed at top of shaft and one at bottom, to 

answer signals for lowering or hoisting men. Mo. p.310, 15 Mr 

4393 Amending Pen-COS S704 providing that a shaft or a drift, or a 

cut near city or road must be Inclosed by fence or covered. 

Mon., p.149, 2S F 

4394 Unused coal mines and dry wells to be filled up or securely cov- 

ered; township overseers to cause same to be done after 30 days 
notice to owner. N. D. 43. 9 Mr 

Coal mines 

4395 Inspection and regulations. Regulating coal mining; Inspector 

to be appointed by commissioner of labor, salary $3; escape 
shafts in all mines, 300 to 400 feet from main shaft; only compe- 
tent engiQeer to operate cages and hoists; cages to have safety 
catches and covers; 10 only to ride; employees may name check 
welghman; owner to supply timber for props. 

Mich. 57, 2 My 

4396 In mines employing not over 20 men owner or operator may, 

on application to mine inspector, be allowed to act as foreman 
without examination; certain counties excepted. 

Ala. p.86, 23 P 

4397 Miners to bave certificate of competency from state Inspector. 

Amending lt.S.'89 ch.115 art2. Ho. p.308, 2 Je 


Tr*d«B. IndastrlM. Ulnlsg 


4398 CHI. Explosive oil may be used Id bituminous coal mines in 

approved aafetj lamps. Amending '93 cli.48 art.8 |4. 

Pa. 74, 28 Ap 

4399 Wages. Repealing R,S.'89 $7008,7060 making unlawful the 

payment o( coal miners by checks, orders, etc. payable other- 
-wise than in lawFul money unless the same are negotiable and 
redeemable at full value In cash or goods. Ho. p.305, 15 My 

4400 Amending '91 p.l83 relating to the time of payment of miners. 

Mo. p.305, 3 My 

4401 Miners given lien on all property of operator for wages due. 

Mo. P.3X1. 15 Mr 

4402 Wedghlsg. Mine owners employing 20 persons shall keep scales 

and measures, to be tested annually by Inspector; ^oal mined 
by weight to be weighed before screened. Ark. 102, 10 Ap 

4403 Amending B.S.'89 17054 prohibiting the screening of coal before 

being weighed; penalty. Ho. p,303, 3 Je 

4404 Owners of mines to furnish suitable scales for weighing. Amend- 

ing B.S.'89 17056. Mo. p.304. 15 Mr 

4409 Mine Inspector to test scales and measures every Six months. 

Mo. p.311, 15 Mr 

4406 Mine operators to retain from employees' wages sura to pay 

checii weighman elected by miners. Twin. 338, 21 Ap 

4407 Mincellaiiieoux. Compelling the sinking of escape shafts at coal 

mines; to be 300 feet from main shaft; regulations. 

Kaji. 105, 4 Mr 

4408 Self-acting doom may. If approved by Inspector, l>e used In- an- 

thracite coal mines. Amending '91 ch.l77 artlO 510. 

Fa. 58, 20 Ap 
Fetroleum. Qas 

4409 Violation oC act regulating boring of gas and oil wells punishable 

by fine of $Z0 to $200 to which may be added 10 to 60 daya in jaU 
for each day's violation [fprmerly J200 for each 10 days viola- 
tion]. Amending '63 ch.l36. Ind. 22 F 

4410 Before drilling Into oil or gas bearing rocli, well shall be cased; 

abandoned well must be filled 200 feet above first bearing rock; 
gas must be confined within 10 days; unlawful to burn gas 
for illumliiatioD except In flambeau lights or " Jumbo " burners, 
to be enclosed In globes in often air; gas must not be burned at 
derrick between 8 a. m. and 5 p. m. Tex. 49, 29 Mr 


• LEGISLATION, 1899 323 


General. Commissions. Associatio'ns 

Stat» trnperrialon and encouragement. (Sm also AgrlLoiturai coUegea, 4»o; 
WareboUBBB. 1236; Wetghta and measures, 42G3; Freight, 3916) 

4411 Departmrait. Jolat committee to be appointed to investigate 

state agricultural department; report to next session. 

N. C. 5, 18 Ja; 869. 8 Mr 

4412 Department reorganized; board of agriculture to liavo geneial 

supervision of .agricultural Interests, to encourage Immigration, 
to promote the propagation of flsb, to report on condition of 
timber and to enforce laws relative to the sale of fertilizers, " 
seeds and foods products. Repealing '97, 85, 

N. C. 377, i Mr; 720, 8 Mr 

4413 Reorganizing state board of agriculture; governor to appoint 

three commissioners; powers and duties. Del. 21G. G Ap 

4414 Compensation of cbemist of department of agriculture amended 

(Code '96 §394). Ala. p.23, 27 Ja 

4415 Meetings of state board amended ('85 p.l9). Col. 83, 4 Ap 

4416 Appointment of state board amended; series of popular agricul- 

tural bulletins to be printed. Amending '97 ch.232 SI, 4. 

Ct. 147, 1 Je 

4417 Agriculture department not to contract for erection of buildings. 

ET. C. 45. 8 F 

4418 State board to consist of five [formerly eight] members appointed 

by governor [formerly included four elected by state agricul- 
tural society]. Amending Ann.L.'87 S31D1, 3153. 

Or. p.208, 20 F 

4419 State poultry association to appoint one member of the state 

board of agriculture. Amending '76 ch.96 Jl. Pa. 83, 28 A p 

4420 Fees collected by commissioner of agriculture to be paid to state 

treasurer. Tens. 6, 27 P 

4421 CommlssloQer of agriculture to give {30,000 bond. 

Teim. 183, 17 Mr 

4422 Board of agricnltute to consist of governor, president of Uni- 

versity of Vermont and state agricultural college and sUe [form- 
erly three] persona appointed by governor. Amending VtS. 
S245. Vt. a. 1 D '98 

440S Expeirlment statlona. Assenting to provljstona of acta of con- 
gress passed in 1862 and 1887 granting public lands for eatab- 
llshing agricultural experiment statlone. '90-91 pM remacted 
to correct illegaWy in passage. Id. p.9, 2 F 




4424 Establisblng agricultural and horticultural experimeut station In 

' Upper peninsula; $25(^ for buildings. Micb. 114 

4425 Experiment station bulletins to be printed by state; $4000. 

Mich. c. r. 15. 23 Je 

4426 Fruit experiment station established in south Missouri. 

Mo. p.223, 27 Ap 

4427 Horticultural experiment farm to be established In south part 

of state; commission to determine site. V. 85, 21 Mr 

4428 Fanners institutes. Board of agriculture may hold inaUtu(es 

and maintain courses of reading and lectures; may publlah 
farmers institute bulletin annually; institute societies may be 
organized. Mich. 137, 21 Je 

4428 Encouragemetit — miscellaneous. Generally amending beet 
sugar bounty ("95, 205); act expires Jan. 1, 1901; not lo exceed 
$40,000 a year: $4.25 a ton must be paid for beets contalniag 
12!i sugar. Minn. 307. 20 Ap 

4430 Minor amendment to regulations for distribution of bounty for 

sugar beet culture ('97 ch.500 |72). N. Y. 303, 13 Ap 

4431 Bounty of Ic a pound oo beet sugar grown and manufactured 

In state: quality and quantity to be determined by president 
of state agricultural college; factories to be built before Nov. 1, 
1901; bounty to continue three years. Wash. 17, 21 F 

4432 Regulating sale of clover seed mixed with trefoil. 

Del. 2«9, 8 Mr 

4433 Vegetable seed packages must show date, place and name of 

grower. Fla. 93, 19 My 

4434 Packages of garden seeds to have year In which grown printed 

thereon; penalty for violation or false date. 

Vt. 84, 29 N '03 

4435 Hop inspector created. Wash. 100, 13 Mr 
Associations. Fairs 

4436 Providing for Incorporation of associations to promote the busi- 

ness of growing and handling fruit and farm products. 

Mich. '65, 12 Ap 

4437 Fine for entering fairgrounds without ticket. Amending '83, 5. 

111. p.l, 24 Ap 

4438 8tat«. State fair established; to be under control of board of 

agriculture; site to be selected by board. Mo. p. 208, 19 Ap 

4439 State fair located at Lincoln: ijoard of putilic lands and build- 

ings to select site. Amending G.S.'97 §331. Neb. 1,30 Mr 

4440 State agricultural societies may sell or exchange real estate 

purchased from county or city taxes, surplus to be Invested In 
other realty In same county or city. Amending '97, 34. 

OaL 92, 16 Mr 




4441 Agi'icultural society of the state to arrange for annual exhibi- 

tion of agricultural and hortlcultnral products and of domestic 
arts. _ Del. 175, 30 Mt 

4442 In counties where county agricultural secleUes do not exlet, 

oldest street fair association -may choose three delegates to 
state agricultural society. Amending '87, 181. 

THInn. 304, 20 Ap 

4448 IfOcal, County and district agricultural societies authorized to 

sell lands and reinvest or divide proceeds after paying debts. 

lad. 12, 7 P 

4444 When new county Is formed the agricultural and horticultural 

corporation of old county may elect to be continued as the 
joint society of old and new counties. Amending '95 ch.559 
S141. N. Y. 104, 21 Mr 

4446 Support. Aid. Counties may buy lands for fair grounds on 

popular vote. Winn. 75, 26 Mr 

Soil— drainage, irrigation, fertilizers 
Drains. Dyk«a. Lereas 

4445 General eetahlishment. County commissioners may drain 

swamps on petition of maj<^ity of land owners. 

ria. 146, 1 Je- 

4447 Generally amending '97, 254 as to construction of drains. 12p. 

Ulch. 272. 23 Je 

4448 General law for drainage and reclaiming of swamp lands. Re- 

pealing '97 p.146. Mo. p.278, 11 My 

4449 Generally amending '76, 203 relating to drainage of meadow 

and swamp land by cities. ^ N. 3. 50, 20 Mr 

4450 Authorizing commissioner's courts to establish county systems of 

drainage; question to be submitted to voters paying property 
tax. Tex. 61, 11 Ap 

4451 Providing for location of private ditches and drains; procedure. 

Wash. 125, 14 Mr 
44G2 If viewers deem land likely to be damaged by ditch and owner 
refuses to give right of way. same shall be condemned as in 
case of railroads; land owner to keep ditch cleaned to proper 
depth; road overseers [formerly county surveyor] to remove 
obstructions; holder of Hen for ditch on state lands to serve 
summons on auditor of state. Amending Digest '94 {1205, 
1221, 1232. Ark. 181, 8 My 

44S3 Restricting the employment of surveyor by commissioners in 
laying out ditches; other amendment to B.S.'93 cb.59. 

IML ^7, 23 Mr 




4454 Apportionment of coBt of public ditcb; compenaatlon of easlneer. 

Amending R.8.'94 S5670, 5685. Ind. 213, 6 Mr 

4455 Coanty surveyor'a fceB for Inspecting drainage of wet lands at 

rate fixed in esHmate, not to exceed $4 a day. Amending '9S, 32S. 
Himt. 274, 18 Ap 

4456 County commissioners may conatroet dltcUes fdlUywing streams, 

gtraighten natural tcater courses and build dikes; notice of peti- 
tion to be served on owners in same way as civil summons. 
Amending G.S. S7793-94. Minn. S47, 20 Ap 

4457 Minor amendment to Code S1308 relating to draining of low- 

lands. IT. C. 396, 6 Mr 

4458 Minor changes in procedure In establlBhing drains. Amending 

•95, 51, N". D. 79, 17 F 

4459 Assessment. Invalid assessments paid in reclamation districts 

to be credited with interest on future assessment. 

Oal. 44, 2 Mr 

4460 Kepealing provision (C,L. £4370) for additional counsel to defend 

drain tax. Mich. 141, 23 Je 

4461 Parties assessed for support of drainage canal and failing to pay 

may be cut off. Amending '89, 380; Code S1321. 

N. C. 600, 7 Mr 

4462 Drainage assessments dl^ded into five equal annual instalments. 

Amending '97, 77. Tex. 142, 20 Je 

4463 Repair. Obstruction. Faita of public ditches within city or 

town to be kept In repair by marshal; may be converted into 
sewers. Ind. 196, 4 Mr 

4464 Land owners to keep public ditches and natural streams free from 

obstructions. Amending Ann.S. §4306, Ind. ^, 6 Mr 

4465 Penalty for obstructing water courses. Ho. p.l65. 29 Ap 

4466 Water commissioners of town may repair or enlarge ditch If ex- 

pense is not over $500; itemized account to be handed in to 
town board. Amending R,S. pt.3 ch.8 t.l6. 

M". T. Ill, 21 Mr 

4467 If two or more persons construct ditch or canal under agree- 

ment it is unlawful for one of them to fill it or obstruct it 
without consent of the higher owners. , M". C. 265, 27 F 

4468 Drainnge districts. Reclamation districts deemed organized and 

may sue and be sued on election and qualification of trustees. 
AmeniJiog P.O. 83453. Cal. 10. 14 F 

4469 Swamp and overflowed land reclamation and protection districta 

neglecting for five years to use powers may be dissolved by 
court Cbl. 16, 17 P 




-4470 I,eve«B. mding on levee forbidden. Amendtug Digest 'Si I1T22. 

Ark. 70, 2& Mr 

-4471 Amending proceedings for procuring right of way for levees 

(B.S.'8» Seose). Uo. p.298, 29 Ap; 299, 21 Mr 

4472 Wlien right of waj for levee has been secured over railroad right 

of way, railroad must build its roadbed as high as the top of 
levee. Ameudtug U.S.'8» S66S5. Ko. p.2e9, 21 Mr 

4473 Minor amendments to '95, 117 regarding dike districts. 

Wash. 115, 13 Mr 
IiTlsation. Water rights 

4474 Oenerai laws. Regulating the distribution of water from 

streams, lakes, etc. for irrigating and domestic purposes; lands 
may he condemned for ditches; county commissioners to fix. 
maximum charge for use of water; owner of irrigation works 
to report annually to state engineer. Id. p.380, 25 F 

-4475 Irrigation law revised; state board of adjudication and control 
established; consolidation of districts; electlous; minor amend- 
• ments. '97 p.l^B reenacted to correct illegality in passage. 

Id. p.408, 6 Mr 

4476 General law relating to water rights; county boards of water 

commisBioners. Ntrr. 97, 16 Mr 

4477 Submitting constitutional amendment governing reservoirs and 

water rights. Vote June 1900. Or, p.l43, 18 F 

4478 Reservoirs for storing water, and ditches, flumes, canals and pipe 

lines Cor conveying water, may be constructed to aid in develop- 
ing mineral lands and fumislilng electric power for general 
purposes; regulations; right of eminent domain. 

Or. p.172, 18 F 

4479 State superTision. Large reservoirs not to be built till plana 

are approved by state engineer; engineer to examine reservoir 

and withdraw excess of water if unsafe. Col. 126, S Ap 

■4480 Providing for collection and disposition of fees by state engineer. 

Col. 138, 6 Ap 

4481 Counties to Keep state reservoirs in good condition and distribute 

the water. Col. 140, 7 Ap 

4482 Creating office of state engineer; appointed by governor for four 

years; to collect and give information for irrigating purposes, 
to Inspect dams and reservoirs and to approve plans for pro- 
posed dams, etc.; to report on proposals for reclaiming arid 
lands. '95 p.2l5 reenacted to correct illegality in passage. 

Id. p.2^ 2 Mr 

■4483 State arid land grant commission may construct water systems 

for irrigating land and for other purposes. Amending P.O. '96 

pt3t8art.2 Mon. p.68, 13 P 



44S4 Guarantee for construction of Irrigation ditches optional tcith . 
Hale board of land commissioners [formerly 5250 to $2500]; board 
may accept good reason for falluie; may release contractor 
and accept his rellnqiilstunent ot rights. Amending '95, 38. 
Wy. 6. 7 F 

4485 Superintendent of waler division no. 1 to be secretary of state 

board of control and special land commission; salary $1500; 

superintendents of divisions 2, 3 and 4, ^ a day and expenses. 

Wy. sV IS P 

4486 Irfwal ivorks. Amending C.S.'97 $5520, 5534 relating to levy of 

taxes for payment of interest and redemption of bonds of 
Irrigation districts; current expenses of the district to be met 
by toils or by special assessments, or by both, 

Neb. 78, 31 Mr 

4487 Minor amendments to '91, 92 relating to Irrigation districts. 

JHev. 38. 7 Mr 

4488 Mayor domos of aeequias not to cate for or rent lands or alfalfas 

vrlthin ditches under their supervision. N. IE. ,73, 16 Mr 

4489 Conntles and civil townships and municipal corporations, except 

cities over 10,000, may Issue bonds for water for Irrigation and 
domestic use; limit; vote. B. D. 52, 3 Mr 

4490 Submitting amendmeDt to constitution autborlzlng taxation for 

Irrigation in certain counties. Tote November 1900. 

Tex. J.r. p.337. 20 Je 

4491 Authorizing dissolution of irrigation districts. 

Wash. 102, 13 Mr 

4492 Commissioners of counties on the Arkansas river may on 

petition appropriate money to protect the counties from Injury 
by the diversion of the river In Colorado. Kan. 98, 4 Mr 

4493 Companies. Irrigation or canal companies to have same rl^lit to 

condemn lands as railroad companies. Kan. 151, 3 Mr 

4494 Use of one Irrigation canal by two canal companies amended 

('91 p.52 113). Or. p.20], 20 F 

4495 Water rlghta. Procedure for changing point of diversion of 

water rights. Col. 105, 6 Ap 

4498 Increasing tbe power of watermasters; district court may adjudi- 
cate water rights not Included In an original decree. Amend- 
Ing '97 p.56. Id. p.369, 9 Mr 

4497 District judge to appoint watermaster on petition, if owners fall 

to elect one. who shall determine the distribution of the water 
of the stream as alloted by court '97 p.56 reenacted to correct 
illegality in passage. Id. p,303, 2 Mr 

4498 Fixing standard for measurement of water rights. Repealing 

C,C.'95 61893. Hon. p. 126, 3 Mt 




4498 Eminent domain may be exercised In behalf o( aqueducts supply- 
log mines, mills and smelters' wltb water. Ameodiog C.C.P.'95 
S2211. Mon. p,135, T Mr 

4500 Commissioner may be appointed to distribute to the parties along 

a stream the waters to whith they are entitled by decree of the 
court. Uou. p.136, 2 Mr 

4501 Stored water may be turned into natural cbanoel and then re- 

claimed; water appropriated by others not to be diminished, 
Wev. 49, 9 Mr 

4502 Owners of mill ditches may secure right of way through lands; 

appraisers. N. U. 61, IG Mr 

4503 Holders of lands may have right of way to streams fdr con- 

structing dams and flumes; rights of prior appropriators not 
to be impaired; liable for damages; location certificates filed 
with register of deeds. N. D. 173, 8 Mr 

4504 Person wishing to build dam to petttlon court; commiasionets 

to be appointed to assess damages; procedure. 

N. D. 71. 8 Mr 

4505 Nonriparian proprietor may condemn right of way for Irrigation 

ditches. Wash. 131, 14 Mr 

4603 Special reflations. Misdemeanor to take water from canal 

Cor irrigation or power. Amending Pen.O. S582. 

Cal. 110. 20 Mr 
4507 ^Penalty for injuring dam not, over 20 tformerly five] years or 

not over SIO.OOO [formerly $500]. Fla. 81, 4 My 

4506 Unlawful to waste water or to Interfere with the overflow of 

water in streams used for irrigation. Id. p.336, 25 P 

4609 Amending recovery of damages to acequlas or ditches (C.L.'97 

836). N. M. 80. 16 Mr 

4510 Pine for injuring irrigating canal, wasting or stealing water not 

over S200 Jformerly ?500]. Amending Pen.C.'OB art.496. 

T«x. 162. 5 Je 

4511 Inspection. State chemist authorized to procure sample of any 

fertilizer offered for sale; misdemeanor to attempt to prevent 

Inspection. Amending '81, 51. Ind. 33, 17 P; 75, 24 F 

45ia Fertilizers to be inspected; fee for inspection; sale of fertilizers 

without Inspection stamp or tag prohibited. S. C. 65, 7 Mr 

4513 Providing for analysis ot all commercial fertiliaers. 

lex. 46, 25 Mr 

4514 Regulating manufacture and sale of commercial fertilizers. 

Wash. 50, 8 Mr 

4515 State chemist to moke analysis of fertilizers for certain pro- 

ducers for $1 (formerly $5]. Amending '85 ch.438 (6. 

DeL 213, 9 V 



4616 Repealing '97, 34 requiring Inspection of phosphates. 

Fla. 95, II My 
4B17 Expense of materials used in Inspecting fertilizers, in recording 
same and postage on bulletins, up to $500, to be paid from 
inspection fees. Amending '90-91 p.l43. 

Ga. p.99. 22 D '98 
4B18 Slightly amending '97 p.ll5 regarding branding of fertilizers. 

Ga. p.lOO, 22 D '98 
4519 Fertilizer selling for more than So [forn;erly $10] a ton to 1>ear 
printed statement of its composition, etc.; license fee for each 
brand of fertilizers. Amending '96 ch.955 §1, 3. 

H. Y. 687, 25 My 

Horticulture. Hindrances to crops 
Horticulture. Diseases and pesta 
4BS0 State supeirTlaion. State board of entomology estabtisbed with 
power to make necessary regulations to prevent spread of 
Insect pests and plant diseases; state entomologist to Inspect 
nursery stocli, trees, etc.; nursery stock not to be shipped Into 
state without certificate of Inspection. Amending '97 p.lll. 
Oa. p.94, 20 D '98 
4BS1 Revising law relating to hortlcillture; state board [formerly 
single officer] established; district [formerly county] Inspectors; 
regulations. '97 p.109 reenacted to correct illegaHty in passage. 
Id. p.122. lOP 
Amended. Id. p,437, 7 Mr 

4592 State entomologist ordered to inspect annually all nurseries In 
the state and to treat trees infested with dangerous insects; 
all nursery stock shipped Into state to be labeled with inspec- 
tor's certificate or to be inspected by state entomologist. 

111. p.49, 11 Ap 

4BS3 Office of state entomologist created; annual inspection of all 

nurseries between Juue 1 and October 1^ misdemeanor to ship 

stock affected with San Jos6 scale or other diseases; certificate 

with each package; carriers must hold and report uncertified 

imported packages. Ind. 138, 1 Mr 

4S24 Fruit experiment station established in south Missouri; manager 

and Inspector to examine trees, etc. for peats; regulations. 

Mo. 223, 27 Ap 

4B8B State board of horticulture created; appointed by governor; term 

of office four years; secretary; nursery stock to be inspected and 

if diseased or infested with dangerous Insects to be destroyed; 

biennial report. Hon. p.36. 17 F 




4586 Expert entomologist to be employed at Agricultural and mechan- 
ical college to devise means of destroying insect pests; appro- 
priation $5000. Tex. 9, 2S F 

4527 State commlsaloner of horticulture maj appoint county fruit and 

tree Inspector where county 'commlsBtoners fail to appoint; 
Inspectors may be removed Cor incompetency or neglect; 
monthly reports; Infected premises must be dlslnCected In five 
days unless inspector extends time. Amending '97, 109. ' 

Wash. 127, 14 Mr 
4SS8 $700 may be appropriated annually to state bortlcuttural society. 

S. J. 78, 22 Mr 

4528 Qualifications and duties of board of horticulture amended <'9S 

p.33). Or. p.55, 17 P 

4530 a«neral regulations. Importer of nursery stock to notify quar- 

antine officer in 24 hours after arrival; addreaaes of shipper and 
consignee to be plainly marked; disinfection; stock infested 
with new species to be returned or destroyed; Importation of 
Injurious Insects forbidden. Cal. 76, 11 Mr 

4531 Amending penalty for refusal of owner of orchard, nursery, 

fruit packing bouse, etc. to comply with directions of county 
Inspector as to pests ('97 ch.oS g7). Col. 102, 11 Ap - 

4532 Unlawful to sell or give away diseased nursery stock, 

Fla. 153, 3 Je 

4533 Unlawful to keep pear or other trees infected with yellows, black 

knot, peach rosette. Utile peach or pear Might or ship the fruit 
escept plums, cherries and pears. Amending '93, 112 

Uicli. 100, 1 Je 
4634 County commissioners may, after petition, and to prevent Intro- 
duction of dangerous Insects, prohibit Importation of fruit. 

N. M. 56, 16 Mr 
4B36 ~ Regulations for protection of fruit and hop industry; spraying; 
sale of diseased fruit or nursery stock; packing for shipment. 
Or. 97, 17 P 
4536 Commissioners may be appointed in townships, boroughs or 
cities to Inspect fruit trees, vines etc.; trees diseased or In- 
fested to be ordered treated or destroyed; appeal of owner. 

Pa. 77, 28 Ap 
4B37 Appointment and duties of county fruit tree inspector amended 
(B.S.'98 ni76, 1178, 1181). TJ. 47, 9 Mr 

4S38 Towns and incorporated villages may appropriate for exterminat- 
ing worms on trees in parks and highways. 

Vt. 156, 30 N '98 
4B39 Poisons. Providing for analysis of all commercial poisons. 

Tex. 46, 26 Mr 




4640 Repealing '9tt, 109 as to use of poisonous substances on fruit 

trees iu blossom; spraying solutions to contain 3 pounds of 
unslaked lime to 50 gallons of solution. Tt. 155, 26 N '98 

4641 Repealing '97 ch,55 |8 forbidding the spraying of fruit trees in 

lilooni wltb substance injurious to bees. 

CoL 101, 4 Ap 

4542 Sou Jose scala Inspection of nursery stock to prevent spread of 
San lose scale. Wis. 180, l-i Ap 

4548 Ora«shoppers. Itepeallng C.S.'OT cli.33 velating to extermination 
of grasshoppers. Neb. 36. 22 Mr 

4544 County com oil ssi oners empowered to plow lands to destroy grass- 
hoppers and Roclty mountain locusts; notice to owner; expense 
a lien on land. N. D. '95, 9 Mr 


4646 Canada tblstle. Penalty for not cutting Canada thistles $20 [for- 
merly $25 to $30]; expense of cutting to be taxed against lajid; 
notice to nonresident not required. Wash. 46, 8 Mr 

4546 Misdemeanor to allow Canada thistle to grow to a hight of i 

inches. Amending K.S-'M §2234. Ind. 77, 24 F 

4547 Amending extirpation of Canada thistle ('89 p. 70) 

Or. p.l5, 16 F 
Noxious animals. BountleB 

4548 Counties shall on pelilion of one fourth Of the voters who are tax- 

payers (formerly may on petition of otie tenth] offer bounties 
for destruction of certain wild animals. Amending R.S.'87 
§1760. '93 p.So reeiiacted to correct Ulegalitj/ in passage. 

Id. p.20, 2 P 

4548 County commissioners to pay bounties on scalps of wolves and 

coyotes. Kan. 59, 4 Mr 

4550 Amending P.C.'95 §3070-72, 3076, 3079 relating to payment of 

bounty on wild animals. Hon. p.lOO, 27 F 

4551 Scalps of wild animals deposited with justice of peace to be 

sent to sheriff tcith statement. Amending '87 eh.31. 

Ner. 45, 9 Mt 

4562 Counties to levy tax of not exceeding ?4 mm on horses, cattle, 

sheep and goats to pay bounties for killing of wild animals. 
Repealing C.L.'97 §714. 717, 763-67. N. M. 38, 15 Mr 

4563 Counties may levy tax on sheep and also on other property for 

bounty fnnd for scalps of wild animals; regulations for pay- 
ment of bounty. Or. p. 129, .18 F 

4554 Amending title to '97, 186 for payment of bounties for killing 
wildcats, foxes and minks. Pa. 42, 11 Ap 

4656 Bounty for killing wolves, coyotes and mountain lions; paid by 
state. S. C 8 F 



46B6 Bounty for wolf, pantLer or bear $12; lynx $5; fox 60c; rattle- 
snake $1. Vt 110. 17 N '98 

4S57 Bounty on wolf poisoned or otherwise killed $3 [formerlr $5] ; on 
■wildcat or lynx 5/ [formerly $3] to fre paid 6^ county with equal 
reward from state. WU. 45, 23 Mr 

456S Increasing bounties for killing wild animals; autborlalng associa- 
tions for payment of private bounties. Repealing '97, 75. 

Wy. 67, 20 F 

4659 Bears. Repealing bounty on bears (R.S. cb.SO §5). 

Me. 13, 17 P 

4660 Wildcats. Repealing bounty on wildcats ('97, 195). 

M«. 83, 16 Mr 
4561 Wolves. Increasing bounty on wolves; town clerk [formerly 
county auditor] to inspect carcass and certify. Repealing '97, 
43. Minn. 146. 11 Ap 

4662 Bounty for gray, " buffalo " or prairie wolf J8 [formerly $3] ; for 
pup icolt JJ," if body of full groicH female exhibited with event 
five pups, t2,each; skins anti skulls to be exhibited. Amending 
'97 ch.37 81-2. M". D. 34, 8 Mr 

Domestic animals 

(See aJio Inbumanltr. 104: Racing, 43; Railways— 111 [[iug stock, ZiiOS) 
^alth. Inspection. Contagious diseases 

4563 State supervision. Creating oftice of state veterinarian; to pro- 

tect health of domestic animals. Cbl. 96, 18 Mr 

4564 Repealing '89 p,43 creating board of live stock commissioners 

to suppress contagious and Infectious diseases among live 
stock and to protect stock owners. '90-91 p. 129 reenacted to 
coirecl illeijality in passage. Id. p.84, 2 P 

4565 General law as to diseases among domestic animals; establishing 

new board of cattle commissioners. Repealing '96. 276; '97, 
499; '98. 451, and parts of '94, 491 and '95, 496. 

Mass. 408, 25 My 
4568 Office of state live stock Inspector created; to investigate dis- 
eases; any five freeholder's may demand inspection; quaran- 
tine. Wev. 110, 22 Mr 
■ 4567 Live Stock sanitary board to investigate causes, treatment, etc. 
of diseases of domestic animals; approriation. 

Pa. 267, 11 My 
4568 President of state board of bealtb may authorize veterinarian 
to examine diseased animals; his decision final; may quaran- 
tine or kill; fees 54 a day; appraisers fees $1; certificates for 
payment of killed stock not to exceed $3000 [formerly $1000] 
a year. Amending '97, 9. W. Va. 53, 24 F • 



4568 State board of bealtb to cooperate with offlciala of other states 
and of United States In protecting live stock against contag- 
ions and InfecUons disease. S. C. 77, 3 Mr 

4B70 Salary of live stock representative on state board of health to 

be fixed by board, not over $126 a month. Amending '97, 40. 

Teno. 424, 24 Ap 

4571 lDBcellaii«aus regrulatioiis. Owner of animal affected with 

glanders, farcy or rabies to permit Inspection; health inspector 
to notify him to Isolate affected and exposed animals. Amend- 
ing '87, ch.l78 S2. Kass. 292, 22 Ap 

4572 Amending P.C.'95 32990 relating to tax levy for stock Inspection 

purposes: tax to be [formerly not to exceed] 1^ mills on as- 
sessed valuation of stock. Kon. p.97, 6 Mr 

4673 Animals dying of contagious disease must be burled by owner 

In 24 houra; contagion presumed till contrary is proven. 

•N. D. 36, 7 Mr 

4674 Unlawful to ship cattle without certlQcate of Inspection; fee. 

N. H. 53, 16 Mr 

4676 To prevent spread of hog cholera and other contagious diseases; 

owner to bum carcass; misdemeanor to sell carcass or to sell 
infected swine or drive along highway. 

Okl. 2 artl, 9 Mr 

4670 Owner of animals killed by order of county Judge to be paid 

from general revenue fond amount allowed by commiaHonetv' 

court. Amending R.S.'95 art.4934. Tex. 165, 5 Je 

4677 Tnbarculoids. Tutwrcuious cattle not to be Imported; duty of 

common carriers; examination. B- J. 181. 24 Mr 

4678 Forbidding dairymen to keep cattle having tuberculosis; dairy 

and food commissioner to kill such cattle. IT. 48, 9 Mr 

4S78 Sheep. Creating office of state sheep inspector; appointed by 
governor; state Inspector to appoint deputy Inspectors for 
counties [formerly county commissioners appointed Inspect- 
ors]. Amending '93 p.79. '95 p.lH reenacted to correct UlegaU 
ity in passage. Id. p.l84, 9 F 

Amended; state Inspector to district the state; deputies to 
examine all sheep In district twice each year and oftener on 
written request; diseased sheep to be quarantined and dipped 
by owner. Id. p.362, 25 F 

4680 State ixiard of sheep commissioners established; may appoint 
sheep Inspectors to prevent spread of disease. 

Wy. 26, 16 P 

4581 Governor may establish quarantine against sheep of localities 

in other states where disease Is epidemic. Id. p.432, 13 Mr 



4S82 Mtaor amendments to '93, &4 regardtDg Inspection. 

Wev. 27, 6 Mr 

4585 Rerlsing tbe duties of tbe sheep sanltair boacd. KepealiDg 

C.L.'97 S161-88. H. M. 33, 10 Mr 

4S84 District veterluarlan aotbortzed to appoint sheep inspectors in 

any county wftere county commUsioners fail to appoint. Amending 

R.C.'95 S1609. H. D. 147, 9 Mr 

4586 Unlawful for express companies or'shippers to send more than 

four sheep In one shipment without Inspection. 

Or. p.3l>, 15 O *9S 
4586 Sheep to be Inspected for disease before shipment into state. 

Or. p.170, 18 F 
4D87 Inspectors appointed by state board of alieep commissioners [for- 
merly county commissioners}; bond $5000 [formerly $2000]: 
repealing provisions requiring sheep owner to file affidavit 
annually; providing for deputy Inspectors. Amending '97, 57. 

Wy. 30, 16 F 

4588 Hogs. Diseased swine not to be bought or sold or allowed to 

run at large; carcasses to be burned or buried. S. D. 131, 8 F 

4589 Horsee. Horses to be inspected by sheriff or stock Inspector 

before removal from state. Kon. p. 95, 6 Mr 

4590 ' Bms. Foul brood inspector may be appointed by supervisors on 

petition of 10 b^lteepers; powers. ArL 26, 11 Mr 

4G91 Owner of diseased apiaries to be instructed by agent of commis- 
sioner of agriculture how to treat the disease; if, after treat- 
ment, beefl are not cured, agent Is to order destruction [for- 
merly destruction was required in first Instance]. Amending 
'93 ch,338 SSO-Sl. W. T. 223. 3 Ap 

4592 Veterinary practice. Law regulating practice of veterinary med- 

icine; state board of examiners created. 111. p.277, 24 Ap 

4593 Creating state board; registration and examination. 

Mich. 191, 10 My 

4594 Provisions regulating practice do not apply to persons practising 

castraOon. Amending R.C.'95 gl620. W. D. 168, 27 F 

4S96 Penalty for practising without registration flO to $2S or 80 to 90 
days or both. Amending $1492f. Wla, 82, 30 Mr 

Bimuing. impounding, fences 
4596 Bunnlng at lafge. Owner who allows cattle to run at large 
must furnish one bull of good stock for every 25 head. Amend- 
ing G.S'Sa 11307. Ool. 114, 6 Ap 
4507 Amending H,S.'87 S124(M3 preventing the running at large of 
stallions, '9(J-S1 p.SS reenacted to correct illegality in passage. 
Id. p.26, 2 F 



4S98 Horaes, cattle, mules or hogs not to be grazed in tbe state b; non- 
resldenta and not to be driven from county to county by resi- 
dests. Amending B.S.'SS Sd4S. Uo. p.49, 29 Ap 

4689 Repealing '75, 12 problblting camels and dromedaries from run- 
ning at large. XTev. 105. 20 Mr 

4600 Amending Code §2320 relating to the ranging of cattle. 

N. C. 494, 6 Mr 

4601 ProTlslons as to damage by trespasslDg animals not to be coQ- 

Btrued as conflicting witb law permitting stocic to run at large 
from November 1 to April 1. Amending R.C.'95 S6153. 

N. D. 162, 6 F 
460S Amending Ann. L. '87 $3383 for tlie gelding of horses and jack- 
asses running at large. Or. p.l43, 18 F 

4603 Live stock not to run at large in counties of 59,000. 

Team. 23, 17 Mr 

4604 Vote on adoption of stock law not to be taken oftener tban once 

In two years; commissioners' courts, on petition of majority of 
electors, to order reelection. Amendiag B.S.'95 art.5001. 

Tex. 57, 22 Ap 

4605 Misdemeanor to take and use or take up and use another's animal. 

Amending Pen.C.'95 art.788. Tex. 179, 5 Je 

4606 Unlawful to confine bull found at large, for purpose of obtaining 

service. . Wy. 3, 3 F 

4607 Eatraya. Damages. When estrays are found, notice must be 

published by finder; branding by sheriff amended. R.S.'87 
§1362; '99 p,305. Id. p. 397, 6 Mr 

4608 Security for damages from trespassing animals lo be approved hu 

justice of peace; arrest notice of giving security must be given to 
holder of stock one day before approval; coats. Amending R.C.'95 
86156. N. D. 161, 8 Mr 

4609 Regulating the taking up of estray horses, cattle, etc.; notice; 

affidavit; fee. Repealing '93 ch,2 art.3. Okl. 2 artS, 14 Mr 

4610 Hogs, sheep, goats and cattle not subject to be estrayed unless 

known as being estray for four [formerly 12] months. Amend- 
ing R.g.'95 ftrt.4968. Tex. 136, 23 My 

4611 Damages by trespassing swine may be recovered la civil aetion; 

if owner unknown, required notice shall be published two 
weeks. Amending G.S.'Sl §2490. Wa^h. 39, 7 Mr 

4612 Impounding. Cities over 2500 may Impound stock running at 

lat^e; misdemeanor to drive animals into city for Impounding. 
Ark. 122, 17 Ap 

4613 County commissioners empowered to establish pounds and elect 

ponndmasters in unorganized or dissolved townships. Amend- 
ing R.C.'95 §2655. N, D. 121, 9 Mr 




48X4 Pencw. Petitioners (or fencing district shall specify what klud 
of stock is to be restrained; lawful fence for small stock. 
Amending Digest '94 S117(!. Ark. 103, 10 Ap 

4610 Misdemeanor to leave open gate erected across highway through 
overflowed lands. Amending '95, 74. Ark. 180, 8 My 

4616 Refuse from phosphate works must be fenced to prevent danger 

to animals. - Fla. 94, 2 Je 

4617 Wire fences. Prescribing size, number and arrangement of wires 

In lawful fence. Ark. 100, 10 Ap 

4618 luclosures may be fenced with posts, rails and icfre. Amending 

Digest '94 S3764-65. Ark. 104, 10 Ap 

4619 Wire fence, without barbs, to be lawful fence. Pa. Ill, 2 My 

4620 Misdemeanor to damage wire fence of another. Tann. 21, 18 Mr 
4681 Defining lawful wire fence. Amending Code'96 S2980. 

Tenn. 332. 21 Ap; 374, 22 Ap 

■Ownsrship. Stil«. Ulscellaneous - 

4622 Branding. Brands and marks for live stock to, be recorded 

with secretary of state; brand book to be published annually; 

fee; regulations. Col. 1^, C Ap 

4625 State brand and mark committee created; appointed by governor; 

powers; owners of live stock to have exclusive right to use 

registered brands. Repealing C.S.'97 ch.51. Neb. 50, 4 Ap 

4624 Brands in actual use to be recorded with cattle sanitary board; 

powers of board. N. X. 18. IC P 

4626 Misdemeanor to alter cattle brand; district cattle inspector to 

examine brands before delivery on sale, Fla, 73, 2 Je 

4626 When sheriff sells an estray he must brand it with a public 

brand. Amending B.S,'87 S1365. '97 p.76 reenacted to, correct 
illeyalily in passage. Id. p.305, 21 F 

4627 .Reducing penalties for failure to exhibit brands on hides of 

slaughtered bovine animals. Amending '85, 39. 

Nev. 101, 16 Mr 

4826 Persons offering dressed meats for sale must exhibit the hide; 

butchers to inspect and 'record the brands. N. M. 44, 15 Mr 

4628 Butchers to keep record of branded cattle killed; monthly reports 

to secretary of State. N. D. 37, 6 Mr 

4630 Secretary of state's fee for recording brand $2 [formerly $1]; 

record not required to be kept by county register of deeds. 

Amending R.C.'^ I153S and repealing S1539. . 

IT. B. 108, 8 Mr 
4831 County clerk to send to state board of live stoci< commissioners 

annually lists of stock brands on record. Wy. 21, 15 F 



4632 8t«e.llitE- Abandoning. (See also Larceny, !676) Unlawful to ship 

' or drive cattle or horses out of state till Inspector ezamines 

brands and earmarks: certificate; penalty. Col. 115, 14 Ap 

4663 Misdemeanor to steal hog, sheep or goan; second offense felony, 

Fla. 67. 29 My 

4634 Minor amendments to C.8.'97 16779 relating to cattle stealing. 

Keb. 103, 1 Ap 

4635 Person to whose care live stock Is intrusted not to abandon it 

without notice to owner. U". M. 8, 8 F 

4636 Persons concealing estrays or lost goods or altetiiig or defaoing 

brands on cattle with intent to steal to be imprisoned not mere 
than five years or fined not more than $500, or both [foimerly fine 
of 510 to 1100]. Amending R.C.'95 §7665. M". D. 46, 7 Mr 

4637 To prevent shipping or driving stolen cattle from state. 

S. D. 58, 24 F 

4638 Butchers to keep record oj vendors of cattle slaughtered, 

Tenn. 18, 24 F 

4639 Conunerciiil fe«d for stock. Regulating sale of concentrated 

commercial feeding stuffs; analysts; duties of dairy commis- 
sioner. Ct. 219, 20 Je 

4640 Hegulatlng manufacture and sale of commercial feeding stuffs; 

license fee; analysis by director of agricultural experiment 
station. Amending '03 ch.338. N. T. 510, 3 My 

4641 Regulating sale of commercial feeding stuffs; analysis. 

B. I. 631, 3 Mr 

4642 -Experiment station to make one or more analyses annually; 

inspection tax of lOe a ton for each ton sold; lots or parcels 
sold to have label giving chemical analysis and name of manu- 
facturer. Vt. 83, 20 N '08 

4643 Unlawful to adulterate ground grain or feed with oat Lulls. 

MIcli. 192, 10 My 

4644 Watering stock. Passage for stock shall be granted to streams 

' and to lakes not surrounded by land of single owner and not 
under five miles In circumference. ITa. 100, 2 Je 

4645 Dogs. Dog habitually chasing teams, bicycles and persons on 

higbway is public nuisance; complaint; bearing; order to kill. 
Minn. 286, 19 Ap 

4646 Dogs killing or wounding sheep may be killed; exception. 

Amending R.S,'89 S54. Mo. p,17e, 29 My 

4647 Amending C.8.'9T S459 relating to liability of owners of dogs for 

damages done by them. ITeb. 4, 27 Mr 

4648 Owner to be fined when dog harasses or injures moose, caribou, 

deer or sheep. IT. H. 28, 1 Mr 




. 4S49 Dogs tbat will pursue deer not to be allowed to rnn at large and 

uot to be taken Into forest Inhabited by deer. Amending '97 
cli.390 144. ' H. T. 319, 17 Ap 

4660 Not to be kept for purpose of hunting deer, inooae or caribou; 
dogs that will follow deer if found running at large in forest 
and dogs kept for purpose of hunting deer may be killed by 
any person. Amending '96, 94. Vt 108, 22 N '98 

46S1 Stealing dog listed for taxea at true casb Talne is larceny; does 
not apply where dog has worried or killed slieep. 

Ind. 123, 28 F 

4662 Dogs listed for taxation are personal property; larceny. 

Okl. 12 art.l, 10 Mr 

4663 Dog tai. License for female dog incapable of producing young 

$1.15. Amending '93, 287. Me. 33, 2 Mr 

4664 All townslilp boards and city councils to appoint dog wardens to 

collect $1 to $3 tax In addition to license fees imposed by ordi- 
nances; compensation 25% of collections and $1 for each dog 
killed; to proFlde collars and kill all dogs not wearing same. 
Amending C.L. S5590-60S. Hlch. 222. 1 Je 

4606 Cities and villages of 1000 to 25,000 may levy dog tax of from 
fl to S3 [formerly ?3 to ?10] {C.S.'fi7 51395). Neb. 14, 22 Mr 

4666 Foultry. State poultry association created; membership; execu- 
tive board; reports. Amending '93 p.27. Ho. p. 42, 17 My 

Dairy products 

(See also Foods, 4iei) 
46D7 Superrlsion. Adulteration. State dairy bureau to inspect 
dairies and factories on complaint; annual reports from dairies 
of 12 cows. Cal. 136, 22 Mr 

4608 Revision of laws as to state dairy and food commissioner, and as 

to milk, butter and cheese. Repealing '91, 11. 

Ulnn. 295, 19 Ap 

4609 Regulating manufacture and sale of dairy products and substi- 

tutes; deputy commissioner of agriculture created; salary $600; 
brands; licenses for milk dealers; deputy commissioner to be 
director of farmers institutes. H. S. 72, 9 Mr 

4660 General act regulating manufacture and sale of dairy products. 

lip. Wash. 43, 7 Mr 

4661 Misdemeanor to add auttsepticB to milk, cream, cheese or butter. 

Hlnn. 267, IS Ap 
4688 State board of agricultare to enforce 'S6, 110 relating to sale of 
adulterated butter, oleomargarine and imitation cheese. 

N. H. OS, 9 Mr 




4663 Amendlug penalties for violation of law relating to dairy pro- 

ducts ("98 cli.558 §37). N. T. 435, 25 Ap 

4664 Dairy cattle not to be fed brewers' malt, vinegar slops, dis- 

tillery sprouts, etc. XT. 34, 9 Mr 

4665 Imitation butter. Oleomargarine. Imitation butler to be 

stamped as such; definition; regulation of sale. 

Id. p.3g2, 6 Mr 

4666 Penalty for manufacture and sale of Imitation butter as genu- 

ine. Ulch. 7G. '97. Unconatttutional. Passed tbe house wlthont 
tbe required enacting clause. People v. Dettentbaler, 77 N. W. 

4667 Revision of law as to oleomargarine. Sticli. 147, 23 Je 

4668 Licensing manufacturers of and dealers In oleomargarine etc.; 

regulations. Pa. 136, 5 My 

' 4669 Grand Juries bave power In cases of neglect to label oleomar- 
garine; court to specially cbarge at each term. Amending '95, 
101. Tenn. 296, 20 Ap 

4670 Benovated butter. Process or renovated butter to be plainly 

marked; district attorneys to prosecute. Cal. 25, 23 F 

4671 To be plainly stamped on top, side and bottom of original 

packages and on outside of every retail package. 

UasB. 340, 5 My 

4672 Process butter to be plainly labeled. HSich. 254, 22 Je 

4673 Must be branded. Minn. 94, 23 Mr; Wis. 76. 30 Mr 

4674 Must be labeled such. Amending '93 ch.33S £27. 

H. T. 148, 27 Mr 

4675 Process or renovated butter to be plainly labeled; dairy and 

food commissioner to analyse samples; regulations. 

Pa. 121, 4 My 

4676 Hilk. Borough or city may appoint milk Inspector; powers. 

Ct. 209, 20 Je 

4677 Milk analysis to be sent In 10 days to party from wbom sample 

waB obtained. Uass. 160, 18 Mr 

4676 Milk containing under 12% of milk solids, or 9% of solids ex- 
clusive of fat, or 3% of fat not standard In April to September 
[formerly August]. Amending P.S. cb.57 |9. 

Hass. 223, 1 Ap 

4678 Unlawful to sell milk, skim milk, buttermilk or cream to which 

water, chemicals or other foreign substance has been added. 

Mich. 106, 8 Je 
4680 Measuring glasses used by manufacturers oC milk products in 
testing butter fat Lo milk purchased to be examined and 
marked by superintendent of dairy school; no person to manip- 
ulate butter fat test without first securing a certlHcate of 
quallllcatlon from superintendent Vt. 81, 19 N '98 


4681 CreamerieB and cheese factories to pay dairymen monthly on - 

basis of actual amount of butter or cheese produced from tbe 
milk purchased of each. Vt. S2, 29 N '98 

4682 Capacity of milk cane to be plainly Btamped thereon by county 

auditor. Waali. 88, 13 Mr 

4683 Misdemeanor to sell milk from cows diseased, kept In unsanitary 

condition or fed on distillery refuse, or milk treated with any 
chemicals except aucrate of lime. Wia. 313, 2 My 

4684 ' Dairymen's association. Dairymen's asaocla'tion may gather sta- 

tistics for annual report; $300. Uieh. 146, 23 Je 


4685 State Buperrislon. Creating permaaeat forestry commission; 

commissioner of state land office es officio a member; term four 
years. Mich. 227, 7 Je 

4686 Creating state forestry board; forest reserves designated; board 
■ to encourage the growing and prgserratlop of forests. 

Minn. 214, 13 Ap 

4687 Creating office of game and forestry warden; ap[K>lnted by gov- 

ernor; regulations for protection of forests and game: deputy 

wardens. Amending '93 p.45; '95 p.92. ■ -Or. p. 132, 18 P 

4668 Increasing the power of fish and game protectors and foresters. 

Amending '95 ch.395 §26. N. T. 533, 5 My 

4689 Amending payment for land appropriated by state for Adiron- 

dack park ('97, 220). N. T. 618, 17 My 

4690 Increasing power of commissioner of forestry to buy unseated 

lands for creating forestry reservation. Amending '97 ch.lO §2. 
Pa. 81, 28 Ap 

4691 Bounties. Exemption. Permaneot forest reservations to be ap- 

praised for taxation at $1 an acre. Ind. 254, 7 Mr 

4682 Repealing C.S.'ST S402-3 providing an annual bounty on trees 

cultivated along section or half-section lines. Neb. 3, 22 Mr 

4693 Eepealing G.S. §366-70 granting bounties for planting forest 

trees. Nev. 105, 20 Mr 

4694 Forest fires. Setting fire to woods wilfully, carelessly or negli- 

gently [formerly maliciously] a misdemeanor. Amending Code 
'95 V.3 S698. Ga. p.60. 6 D '98 

4695 Constables of townships and boroughs to be ex officio fire, game 

and fish wardens; powers and duties. Pa. '14, 22 Mr 

4696 Fire wardens to be appointed In certain counties [formerly lu every 

organized town] ; in otiier counties on regnest of supervisors, 
'Amending E.S.'98 fl636e. Wis. 353, 4 My 


> and fish 


. 4687 BoadB and flumeo. On request of live [formerlj two] resident 
owners of pine lands, temporary blgbwa^B maj be laid out by 
commissioner of hlgbways and townihiip board; not to parallel 
public road nearer than one mile^ Amending G.L. g414Ss)l. 

Uich. OS. 10 My 

4698 Providing for laying out temporary logging flumes. Amending' 
81833-36. . Minn. IGO, II Ap 

4689 County courts may declare an nnnavlgable stream a pnOlic high- 
way for the floating of loga and lumber; may widen or deepeo 
sucb stream; viewerB. Or. p.l05, '89. Toid so far as it autbor- 
Izes taking of private property of noncQusenting land owner 
without due notice and hearing. Hood river lumber co. v. 
Wasco county, 57 P. 1017. 

4700 Logging or skid roads may, on permission of county court, be 

constructed on county roads or roads of public easement. 

Or. p.86, 17 F 

4701 Owners of timber lands may condemn right of way for logglns 

roads or chutes; procedure. Wash. 130, 14 Mr 

4702 Brands. Log dealer may adopt stamp brand; recorded in cir- 

cuit court; injunction to prevent use of others. 

Fla. 77, 24 My 

4703 'Ulscellannous regrilations. Public custodian of lost timber to 

receive tl.SO for each hewm stick recovered; for 1000 feet of 
lumber $S [formerly $1] ; has Iten on cJiaim, Iron dogs, boats or 
yatele recovered. Amending '01, 35. Fla. 142, 2 Je 

4704 Felons to steal timber [formerly maliciously]. Amending '07, 

106. Tenn. 381, 21 Ap 

470K Turpentine. Creating naval store Inspectors, to grade turpen- 

tine and rosin shipped. Fla. 98, 31 My 

4706 Lease of turx>entine orchards In certain counties to expire In 

January [formerly April]. Amending '91 ch.l54. 

M". C. 114, 15 F 

Game and fish 


4707 General law. CoL 98, 27 Ap; Okl. IS, 10 Mr 

4708 Bevision of law for protection of fish and game except buffalo; 

governor to appoint fish and game warden. 

Id. p.428, 13 Mr 

4709 Bevislng fleh and game laws. 28p. Me. 42, 8 Mr; 126, 17 Mr 

4710 Qame to be killed only in certain months; county commissioners 

may, on petition, prohibit killlDg of game and catching of fish; 
owner may protect game and fish on bis lands. 

H. H. fil, 16 Hr 


Chune and &■!( 


4711 Generally amending fish atffl game law. Tex. 56, 4 Ap 

4712 Revising fish and game law, Bepealfng B.S.'98 81034-66. 

IT. 26, 9 Mr 

4713 Bevislng flsh and game law; state warden. Wy. 19, IB F 

4714 CommtBslonei' of flsberles and game, term four [formerly two] 

years; to Investigate and protect game birds and song birds 
and Introduce foreign varieties; authority to make arresta; give 
S2000 bond; salary $1200 [formerly $300] and $10 for assistance 
In successful proseeutlons. Kepeallng '81, 53. Ind. 31, 13 F 
471B Generally amending '97, 221 as to preservation of game and flab. 

JUiUL. 242, 18 Ap 

4716 Repeahng P.S.'91 cb.130 $11-13 relatingto appointment of war- 

dens by cities and towns; other amendments. IT. H. 30, T Mr 

4717 Private parks and lakes may be maintained for flsh and game; 

trespassing forbidden. Id. p.467, 15 Mr 

4718 Conunlssions. Officers., Term of commissioners of fisheries and 

game to begin July I following appointment [formerly began 
the day of appointment]. Amending '95 ch.4G Sl- 
ot. 52, 14 Ap 
471B County commissioners to recommend appointment of flsh and 
game warden on pftition of SO taxpayers; term two [formerly 
four] years. Amending '97, 49. Fla. 121, 3 Je 

4720 State warden, salary $2000 [formerly $1200]; may appoiitt chief 

deputy at 11500. Mlcb. 37, 17 Ap 

4721 Increasing powers of fish and game protectors and foresters. 

Amending '95 ch.395 |26. H. T. 533, 5 My 

4722 Constables of townships and boroughs to be ex officio fire, game 

and fish wardens; powers and duties. Pa. 14, 22 Mr 

4723 Fines. Fines accruing from violation of fish and game laws to 

be placed to credit of fish and game detective fund. 

N. H. 9, 15 F 

4724 Informant, except paid deputy, to hare half-flnes under flsh and 

game laws; half to state. Itlass. 360, 11 My 


(See also NoilouB an) mala, 451S) 

O«oieral reflations 

4725 General game law. FU. 123, 4 My 

4726 Revision of game laws. HI. p.222, 24 Ap; N. S. 93, 8 Mr 

4727 Creating office of game and forestry warden; appointed by gov- 

eruor; regulations for protection of forests and game; deputy 
wardens. Amending '93 p.45; '95 p. 92. Or. p.l3^ 18 F 

4728 Game law amended; hunters' licenses; duties of wardens. 

B. n. 90, 6 Mr 


I and flail _ 


4729 General!; ameDdlng game taw. , 

Wash. 138, 14 Mr; W. Va. 22, 22 F; Wis. 311. 2 My 

4730 GenerBlly amending S.S,'9S ch.S2 aa to game wardens, hunting 

licenses, transportation of game. 16p. WtB. 312, 2 My 

4731 State fish commissioner to be ex officio game warden; superrlsloa 

of count]' wardens. Wash. 13T. 13 Mr 

47S2 Sllghtl]' amending C.8.'9T g6T43b, 6743e, 6743d aa to hunting, 

killing and sale of geeae, duolts, deer, etc. Neb. 99, 7 Mr 

4788 Export of certain wild game prohibited. _ Nev. 6, 16 F 

4784 Submerged and awainp lands bordering on great lakes set aside aa 

public shooting aud hunting grounds. Mich. 171, 23 Je 

4785 Sundar to be close season for birds and game. Kass. 116, 1 Mr 

4786 Indians connected with a United States agency not to have in pos- 

session or bear firearms beyond limits of tbeir county during 
close game season. Id. p.381, 28 F 

4787 TlUe to game law ('97, 103) amended. Pa. 149. 6 My 
GanM aninuUs ' 

4788 Large game. Protecting large game. S. D. 91, 4 Mr 

4739 Seer. Breeders of deer, established tbree years, may sell; num- 

bered tags on carcasses or parts; reports to game and fisb com- 
missioner. Minn. 161, 11 Ai> 

4740 Moose, caribou and deer not to be hunted with dogs; open season 

September 15 to Notember SO [formerly September 1 to Decem- 
ber 31] ; number that may be taken amended. P.S.'91 ch.131. 
N. H. 30, 7 Mr 

4741 Prohibiting for three years the killing or hunting of deer. 

N. J. 148, 24 Mr 

4742 Elk not to be killed or Injured for five years. . K. M. 69, 18 Mr 

4743 Unlawful to kill elk from Jan. 31, 1899, to Dec. 1, 1910; 

after Jan. 1, 1911, open season August 15 to November 1. 

Or. p.23, 15 O '98 

4744 Open season for deer having horns lagt 10 days of October [for- 

merly month of October]. Amending '96, 94. 

Vt 108, 22 N -98 
4740 Deer iiept In park or enclosure may be killM by owner. 

Vt. 109, 22 N '98 

4746 Buflelo. Unlawful to hunt or kill. '97 p.Vt reenaeted to correct 

illegality in passage. Id. p,294, 16 P 

4747 Small game. Persons trapping (oses, minks, muakrats, raccoons. 

beaver or flsber to visit traps every 48 houra. 

Vt. 107, 19 N "98 

4748 Unlawful to kill mlnli, raccoon, skunk or muskrat in September 

and October. Mich. 201, 11 My 


Oame and flyk 


4T4B Commissi oners of birds to enforce law prohibiting Jiilling of 
rabbits, hares and gray squirrels in certain seasons. Amend- 
ing G.L. ch.113. B. I. 6S4, 2G My 

4750 Babbits. Amending U.L.'SS 92530; '97, 9S aa to killing of wild 
hare or rabbit. Ct. 60," 19 Ap; 204, 20 Je 

4761 Owner of enclosed or occupied farm lands may Iclll rabbits and 
Bngllsh hares on premises at any time. N. T. 042. 25 My 

4752 Squirrels. Open season for gray squirrel emended; limiting 

number a person may have at one time. Amending '97, 05. 

Ct. 188, 15 Je 

4753 . Open season for black and gray squirrels, September 1 to De- 

cember IS [formerly November 30]. Amending '92 cta.4S8 149. 
N. T. 141, 24 Mr 
4764 Uuakrat. Repealing law for protection of muskrats. 

JI. H. 30, 7 Mr; N. J. 81, 22 Mr 

Gftma birds 

4756 Stat« BUpervlslon. Five commissioners of birds to be appointed 

by governor; one from each county; may appoint deputies to 

enforce bird laws. B. I. 679, 24 My 

4766 Licenses to be issued to suitable persons for collection of birds, 

their nests and eggs for scientific purposes. 

Ct. 62, 19 Ap: N. J. 180, 24 Ap 

4767 G«n«ral. Close season for grouse, quail and spruce hen Decem- 

ber 1 to October 19 (formerly September 30] ;for Jack-snipe, bine, 
bill, canvasback, widgeon, pintail, whistler, spoonbill, butter- 
ball, sawbiil and wild goose Mat/ 1 to Septembtr 1 (formerly 
February 1 to August 31]. Amending '97, 159. 

Mlcb. 45. 19 Ap 

4768 Amending law forbidding selling or taking of certain game birds 

at any time for purpose of sale (Vt.S. B4613). 

Vt. 104. 4 N -OS . 

4759 Close season for upland plover and woodcock changed; not more 

than five quail, woodcock. English snipe, wild geese or plover, 
to be taken in one day nor more than 20 wild duck. Amend- 
ing Vt.S. §4612. Vt. 105, 26 N '03 

4760 Partridge. Grouse. QuaU. Open season for woodcock, grouse 

and quail amended; limiting number a person may have at 
one time. Amending '97. 05. Ct. 188, 15 Je 

4761 Grouse, partridge and quail, open season September 15 [formerly 

1] to Oecemftei- 15 [formerly January 1]. Amending P.S.'Ol 
ch.l32 S2. N. H. 30, 7 Mr 

4762 Minor amendments to '98 cb.54 S74-76 for protection of wood- 

cock and grouse. N, Y. .W6. 5 My 


Gam* and fish 


4763 Close season for grouse or prairie chicken November 15 to July 

20; onlawfal to till when ground la covered with snow. 

Or. p.21, 15 O '98 

4764 Fbeasants. Unlawful to catch or destroy Chinese and English 

pheaaante for five years. Ark- 09. 10 Ap 

4761i Not to be killed before October 1905 [formerly 1900]. Amending 

'07 cli.« SI. Ct. 187, 9 Je 

4766 Prohibiting for six yeara taking or killing Imported pheasants. 

Ind. 44, 17 F 

4767 Prohibiting for three yeara the killing or hunting of ring-necked 

pheaaant. N. J. 148, 24 Mr 

4768 Rail. Limiting number of sora or rail to be killed by any one In 

one day. Ct. 157, 2 Je 

4768 Pigeoiu. DovM. Unlawful to kill or detain carrier pigeon. 

ria. 145. 3 Je 

4770 Baiting or kllUng of baited doves prohibited. Qa. p.107, 6 D '98 

4771 Lawful to shoot pigeons as test of skill in marksmanship. Amend- 

ing C.L. 611,740. Mich. 234, 9 Je 

4778 Unlawful to take or klU mourning-dove. Mich. 238, 15 Je 

4773 Water fowl. Amending the hunting of wi